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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 17, 1941, Mason City, Iowa Hj ST ORv DCS UOINtS U NORTH IOWAS nil AILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION V VOL XLVIII THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH tOWANS MASON CITY THI BRIGHT IPOT ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUU LEASED WIRES IlVE CENTS A COPX iV MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY OCTOBER 17 1941 TOIS PAPEB CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 7 U S DESTROYER IS TORPEDOED Kearny Assailant Hunted House Passes Bill Arming Ships r j if A o Tojo Named Premier of New Japanese Cabinet by Hirohito Russ Claim Nazis Worn Out in Drive ARMY MAN WAS WAR MINISTER UNDER KONOYE Think Appointment of Tojo Is Victory for Axis Powers TOKIO Emperor Hirohito called on the aimy Friday lo lur nihs the leadership of a new gov ernment which must cope with tremendous issues which the fal len Konoye cabinet admitted its in ability to handle chiefly critical relations with the United States and soviet Russia Lieut Gen Eiki Tojo war minister In the retiring cabinet was commanded to form tbe new government He is a long time admirer of tbe German army His most recent active service was with the Kivantunp army Japans powerful garri son in Alanchukuo facing soviet Siberia FOOT years ago be de Competent observers considered his appointment a victory for axis which has been pressing for rtiore active Japanese support in the European war Tojo immediately took counse1 with his fellow generals as to his choice of ministers Few Japanese doubted they would be mostly generals and admirals Tojo hopec to present thi list to the emper or Saturday His consultations had a back round of press attacks on the United States typified by the comment of Nichi Nlchi which declared there was fundamen tal disagreement between Japan and tbe United States and that Japan is facing a rise or fall and a crisis never paral leled in her history Nevertheless Domei quoted in former sources as saying th new cabinet will continue discus sions with the United States in an effort to preserve peace To lake part in the militar councils the commanderinchie jf Japans huge army in China General Shunroku Hata was re liably reported already to have reached Tokio by plane General Gen Sugiyama chief o the imperial general staff Gener al Otqzo Yamada commander o the home forces and Genera Kenji Doihara empire builder ex traordinary consulted with thi premierdcs ignate llomei news agency with high official connections declared there would be no fundamental change in tbe imperial govern ments basic policies disposal of the China affair and estab lishment of the greater East Asia coprosperity sphere Japans unwillingness to aban don that program has been re ported to be the primary reaso for failure of Washington conver sations in which Japan sought a accord with the United States Prince Futnimaro Konoye th retiring premier and his foreig minister Admiral1 Teijiro Toyoda also conferred with Tojo Japan has had many army pre miers but not in recent times ha a minister a general on th active list been promoted direct ly to the premiership It was un derstood Tojo would be raised t full generals rank Saturday an would continue to hold the wa portfolio Tojo 56 is one of the younges and most vigorous of army lead ers a thorough soldier and son o a soldier He has been an open admirer o German military methods sine service in Berlin as an attache i 1919 and declared as Jong ago a 1937 that Japan must be prepare to fight China and Russia simu taneously Emperor Hirohito cnlrustc General Tojo wilh the task forming a new government upo the recommendation of Japans el er statesmen to Marquis Koiclii tide lord keeper of the privy seal hey made their decision at a 2ii our conference Soon after Tojo was sum moned Admiral Koshiro Oikawa who was minister of the navy under Konoye was called to tbe palace The general and the admiral left ne palace together The premierdesignate began onfcrences with prospective min sters in the hope of completing a entative lineup or presentation o the throne after the emperor eturns from ceremonies at Hie asukuni shrine in honor the var dead Saturday I have received the imperial command to form a new cabinet and I am overwhelmed with a feellmj of awe the general said I retired from the presence of the Rhone respectfully asking a period of grace Domei said the premierdesig late had been assured of support by General Gen Sugiyama chief of staff of the imperial army and eneral Otozo Yamada command er in chief of the home forces Generals and admirals prob bly will predominate in tts make up and may monopolize the port olios Japanese said Amid these etaaior let after PrinceKonoye Brst sourht through secret negotiations in Washington to ease strained re lations between the United States and was re ported that the commander in chief of empire legions in China had arrived in southern Japan on his way to Tokio for a ference He is General Shunroku Hata a former war minister Newspapers warned the people the extreme gravity of the Jmes and repeated charges tha the United States must be hole responsible for any deterioration of JapaneseAmerican relations The disagreement over nations policy which felled the Konoye government was as mos likely to have been caused by differences between Tokio anc Washington We appreciate what the Konoye cabinet has done in at tempts to settle many things with the United States said the newspaper Yomiuri How ever domestically speaking the bir undertakings of the cabinet failed to materialize Hoehi expressed dissatistactioi Thursday with announccmen of Konoyes fall which said onlj that the cabinet disagreed on na tional policy declared w regret too frequent cabinc changes since the outbreak of th China affair Asahi called for determination and purpose in efforts for estab lishment of world peace The dispatch of Konoyes message to President Roosevelt in August proved Japans sin cerity in attempting to settle the problems of the Pacific Domei said It carried comments that th Konoye cabinet did all within iu power to bring peace to ihe worl generally while carrying out Ja pans basic policy of settling th war in China and constructing th East Asia sphere It cited mutua freezing of assets by Japan an the United States as a hazard international relations A fundamental Cisagrecmen between Japan and the Unite States was reported by Nich Nichi and it said Japan is facin a rise or fall and a difficult Urn never paralleled in history Miyako declared Japan must b determined to cope with an emergency If the worst happen it said the United Statewill b responsible U S MERCHANT SHIPS ORDERED OUT OF ORIENT Navy Departments Order Sends Ships to Friendly Ports SAN FRANCISCO The avy Friday ordered all U S merchantships in Asiatic waters to ut into friendly ports imme diately In Washington the navy depart ment when asked about the or aer said In view of the present situa ion in the Pacific the navy has no comment to make The order went out by radio and the first ship to obey it was to have been the mari ime commission freighter Perida Perida reportedly turned back to Shanghai San Francisco shipping circles me ordeF as bringwag GAFFNEY IS ELECTED ST CLOUD Minn R Gaffney Eden Valley Minn Fn day succeeded O J Jerde of S Cloud Teachers college as pres dent of the Central Minnesol Educational association BEADS FUR DEALERS MINNEAPOLIS Minn Morris Berman Minneapolis Fr day became president of the Min nesota Raw Fur Dealers pssocia fion United States closer war with Japan Henry F Grady head of Ameri can President lines declined com ment but he called an emergency meeting of all his operating exe cutives A preliminary check of west coast ship operators disclosed 100 passenger liners and freighters would be affected by the order jlus a probably larger numher ankers Lines operating in the Pacific nclude American President Lines Matson Navigation company both with headquarters in San Fran cisco American Mail Seattle Waterman Mobile Isthmian Steamship company American President lines op erate 13 vessels ffon San Fran cisco and Los Angeles to the Phil ippines Burma Dutch East In dies Shanghai Hongkong other fai eastern ports and Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Mostly cloudy with occasional light rain Fri day afternoon and Friday night becoming fair Saturday Warmer Friday night Slightly cooler Saturday IOWA Mostly cloudy with oc casional light rain Friday after noon and Friday night becom ing fair late Friday night and Saturday warmer Friday night and southeast Saturday slightly cooler west and north Saturday MINNESOTA Mostly cloudy warmer extreme southeast slightly cooler west and north Friday night Saturday partly cloudy to fair slightly cooler south and southwest winds Fri day afternoon shifting to west and northwest Friday 2535 MPH IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 64 Minimum in Night 37 At 3 a m Friday 45 YEAR AGO Maximum 7i Minimum 33 EXTENDED FORECAST Extended forecast for the period from p m Friday Oct 17 1941 to p m CST Wcdnes dayOct 22 Upper Mississippi valley and Indiana Temperatures above nor mal with slightly cooler Minne sota Wisconsin and Iowa Saturday and Saturday night and Illinois and Indiana Sunday and Sunday night Cooler again toward end period Killing frost unlikely In diana Illinois and southern Iowa Precipitation light in Minnesota and Iowa and moderate in Indiana Illinois and Wisconsin occurring last part of period throughout dis trict and at beginning of period in BULLETIN LONDON im Radio Mos cow claimed Friday that inces sant soviet counterattacks have worn out nazi forces in the Orel sector 210 miles southwest of Moscow Radio Moscow as serted that Ihe Germans have relaxed their pressure greatly in the past three days in the face of constant counterattacks which have obviously worn out the enemy By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The titanic battle for Moscow ragedinto its IGlh day with un diminished fury Friday Soviet dispatches reported that stubbornly fighting red army troops had broken two German spearheads thrust into the key sectors of Vyazma 125 miles west of Moscow and Kal inin 95 miles northivest of the Russian capital While conceding that the dan ger was still extreme the Russians nevertheless declared that the German onslaught ot the ap proaches of Moscow had been slowed as soviet defense armies of Marshal S e m e o n Timoshenko massed in front of the capital for a last ditch stand Berlin reports said that nazi troops slashing at Moscows outer nsesrronly 60 miles awayx a1 some captured an im portant industrialsection south o flie U S s R capital and seized a power station which supplied the Moscow industrial region Authoritative quarters in Lon don said the British military mission In Moscow was on the move and members of the soviet government Itself were reported moving to the interior city of Kazan 450 miles east of Moscow U S Ambassador Lawrence A Steinhardt and his embassy staff have already de parted for the interior A midday red army bulletin re ported no new gains for the naz invaders noting merely that the 61dayold struggle before Moscow was particularly fierce with vas destruction of men and machines on both sides Adolf Hitlers high command re ported that nazi warplanes in at tacks on soviet troopships fleeini Odessa Russian Black sea porl had sunk or damaged 14 ships anc that the pursuit of the beaten foe was continuing between the Sea of Azov and the Donets river German divebombers splat tered Odessas harbor with a hail of explosives as soviet transports attempted to rescue trapped Red sea army troops from the burning city the nazis said Hitlers high command sail Gormanallied Rumanian troop captured Odessa Thursday bu the BBC quoted the Moscow radi as saying that axis forces strikin at the city had been checked anc forced to dig in suffering heavy losses moderate area Defense Savings Stamps for sale at GlobeGazette Business office In Bucharest Rumanian crowd celebrated reports of Odessas la I after a 59day siege Rumania frontline dispatches said betweei 15 and 17 Russian proximately 225000 to 25500 been trapped in Odes sa and asserted that the Russian had set fire to all oil tanks in th city before abandoning it Leningrad apparently was still in a state of static siege There have been repeated de mands in Britain for an invasio of the continent to help Russia The government has indicated thought such a move at presen was not wise and sections of th British press found more ammum lion against the invasionists in th official report of Lord Gort com mander of the British expedition ary force which the German pushed off the continent in I94C Lord Gort in the report pub lished Friday told ot shortages o equipment and failure of coor dination among the allied armies The London Daily Telegrap said editorially that the suprem lesson for today from the Go dispatches is the folly of sendin inadequately trained expedition beyond these shores The Daily Express iri Londo said the report ought to enough to stop the invasjonis Brave men must never b sacrificed again by being sent war without proper weapons JILL ARMING AERCHANTMEN in MOSCOW GETS APPROVAL Legislation Meant to Combat Pirates Now Goes to Senate WASHINGTON fP Voting oon after hearing of the torpedo ig of the destroyer Kearny the OIJSD gave overwhelming approv 1 Friday to the arming of Amcri an merchant ships The roll call vote on final passage was announced as 259 to 13S The legislation now goes to the enatc Guns and gun crews under the egislalion would be given the hips for their protection against vhat President Roosevelt has ailed modern pirates Ignoring opponents warnings lat it was another long step oward war the house Voted to epeal the neutrality act provi ion prohibiting the arming of merchantmen engaged in com nerce with any foreign nation The repealer also would au thorize the president to arm such ships durine the unlimited national emergency which he MayZ7 and at the wune time them from thetaW which re armed merehant veWels to be bonded in twice the amount of the value of both the vessels nod their cargoes Galleries were packed and a argcr than usual number of leg slators were on hand for the his oric vote and the oratory which receded it A New England republican Representative Plumley of Ver mont told the house in the last lours of debate that the Kearny ncident made it evident that the United States faced a world con spiracy of the basest foulest crim inals Confronted with the torpedoing of the United States destroyer iearny off Iceland the house re fused to send the administrations nerchant ship arming legislation jack to the foreign affairs com mittee for further hearings and prepared to vote immediately on ts final passage The recommittal motion was advanced by republican members of the committee who have been sharply critical of the democratic majoritys action in limiting the searings on the proposal to two days and in keeping the question ing of secret administration witnesses GOOD GRID DAY IS PREDICTION Fans Assured That Weather Saturday Is r WestofSippi Fin DES MOINES weather bureau assured fans that Saturday would be a pretty good day for football west ot the Mississippi river but cast the river weather probably wont be so good Iowa skies are expected to be overcast with drizzling rain in some sections Saturday morning but the weather should be clear ing by noon the forecaster said The state forecast for the next 36 hours called for mostly cloudy skies with occasional light rain Friday afternoon and Friday night becoming fair lale Friday night and Saturday It will be warmer Friday night and in the southeast Saturday and slightly cooler in the west and north portions Saturday Temperatures in the state aver aged two degrees below normal Friday morning Ames and Ma son City reported lows of 36 de grees Friday morning Thursdays high was 68 at Sioux City and Fort Dodge DCS Moines had a low of 50 Friday morning with the mercury expected to rise to 62 by after noon Saturday mornings low will be about the same as Fridays but the high Saturday afternoon will be about 55 This daily feature conducted by Dewitt Mackenzie is written Friday by Fred Vanderscbmidt foreign news analyst Stalins Russian government Friday appears to be making cer tain thatwhen or if Hitler en ters Moscow he will find little more than the flames which mocked Napoleon The red armies at the least will fight a staunch and pos sibly prolonged rear suard bat tle in the narrowing Moscow de fense perimiter while officials and corps diplomatique move 450 miles eastward to the Tartar city of Kazan That Moscow may fall before many days or weeks in this cocalled last German drive of the year must how ever he considered and even now one may ash What then It has been pretty broadly hint ed that Hitler after Moscow will pursue what the axis press calls a moral or political advance that is he will try to bring about at least a tacit armisitice with Russias fighting forces and will make another peace offer to Eng land That implies a pause in his military operations eastward But if the Russians succeed in organ izing and supplying a real of fensivedefense beyond Moscow and in the south and if Hitler finds nobody who can or will pause wont lasl Admittedly stalins problems cd defense after Moscow are stag gering in both the military and economic spheres He must pre pare to defend the 2000mile line of the Volga and Don in volving a vast eastward move ment of untried troops and a suc cessful withdrawal of a consid erable force from the Moscow de fenses His rearward industrial plants rhust carry a double or triple load Above all the red army in the south must stand firm on the Don line pivoted on the Volga around Stalingrad and defend the Caucasus and Astrakhan to the last in order to keep open the Persian supply route for British and American goods of war Rus sias only other practical inlet for outside material is far eastern Vladivostok The hard lessons learned by the British in Flanders pub lished Friday In the dispatches of General the Viscount Gort was coinmanderlncblef of the B E F apply now to the Russians as well as to their British allies Even with its huge reserve o manpower Stalins high commam may well ponder such conclu sions as The pace of modern war has been so accelerated b the partnership between offensm aircraft and modern mechanizes forces that the reserves available for the defense are of little use unless they are fully mobile 01 already in occupation some re serve position There is good evidence that thi Russians have known at least par of these answers for some time As for the British they are re minding themselves of stiU anoth er Gort lesson The vita necessity for an expeditionarj force if it is to be used in a firs class war being equipped on scale commensurate with the tasl it is to be called on to fulfill That is why there is no ne B E F in western Europe today beam and 1630 tons displacement of The position given for the torpedo attack was the same general area where the de stroyer Greer was attacked unsuccessfully by a subma rine more than a month ago It was Ihe first torpedoing since President Roosevelts speech of Sept 11 which gave Ihe fleet its sbootonsighl orders and barred all defensive waters of the United States to axis warcraft Although the orders were is sued on Sept 11 Secretary of Navy Knox subsequently re vealed that they did not go into effect until a m on Sept 10 At that zero hour the At lantic fleet extended its protec tion to all friendly shipping in the designated area with ex plicit instructions to capture or destroy by every means at their disposal axis controlled sub marines or surface raiders en countered in these waters The axis made no formal reply lo Mr Roosevelts defensive wa ters proclamation but semioffi cial reaction in both Berlin and Rome left no doubts that the axis would refuse to recognize the pol icy and that the American navy would be courting trouble if it sought to enforce it More troncretely the Germans openly claimed that in the week following the presidents address their Uboats had sent 28 mer chant ships to the bottom in Ice landic waters Since Mr Roose velt had ordered the navy spe cifically to keep the sea lanes to the U S base in Iceland free of hostile warcraft this nazi claim was looked on at the time as a possible direct challenge to the new American policy The Kearny has but two smoke stacks and thus contrast ed with the 50 World war tvpt four slick vessels transferred Pictured above are several destroyers of the United States participating in Navv clav maneuver It was the U S S Kearny a destroyer similar to those shown atove which was torpedoed by a submarine off Iceland Friday morning h Warship Completed in 940 Damaged in Attack Off Iceland No Casualties Indicated in First Dispatches Received by Navy Ship Clearly in Defense Zone F R Says BULLETIN HYDE PARK N Y Roosevelt said Friday that the U S S Kearny clearly was within the American defensive zone when torpedoed Friday morning The president said that the navy is operating under its regular orders as far as retaliation against the assailant is concerned That statement seemed to imply that since the attack occurred within the defensive zone hat other American naval units are under shoot on sight orders in the hunt for the attacking submarine WASHINGTON AP The United States destroyer Kearny was torpedoed in the north Atlantic Friday the navy announced but survived the attack with no reported casual ties and was able to proceed under her own power The news brought a prompt demand from Senator Pepper D Fla that the navy retaliate with two sink ings for each assault and a comment by Representative Cox D Ga that if the Germans are guilty it is prob ably the incident for which we have been waiting On patrol duty in an area where the navy has orders to capture or destroy axiscontrolled submarines or surface raider the yearold destroyer was torpedoed at a point about 35fi milessouthand west of v Wr i Senator Ny e R N critic of administration poli cies said that when the navy operates under the shooting orders that the president has given we ought not to be sur prised when these things occur I wouldnt let this mean war so far as I am concerned Senator Bridges R N H called the torpedoing an open act of defiance by Hitler This presents a wholly different problem than attacks made upon our merchant ships and further complicates the problem we face said When American naval vessels ave attacked there should certainly be no hesi tancy about the arming of out merchant ships Secretary of State Hulls comment was confined to the terse remark that what he has said on previous oc casions about German U boat activities applied On these occasions he has de scribed their attacks as piratical v The commander of the Kearny is Lieut A L Davis 42 who took charge of the craft last year Armed with the standard gun battery carried by ships of her class the Keamy is 341 feet long has a 35foot 1 ;