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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 16, 1945, Mason City, Iowa j NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTOftvr AND ARCHIVES MOINCS JA NEWSfAKR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS 141 Associated Press and United PMM Full Leased Five Cents a Copy MASON COT IOWA TUESDAY OCTOBER 16 1945 This Papu Consists ol Two NO STANDARD OIL EXECUTIVES of the Standard Oil company of Indiana aye shown above as they attended a breakfast at the Hotel Hanford Tuesday From left right are James W Ross Chicago assistant general manager for Jthe fV western division Roctor Robert E Chicago chairman of the board who was in City to address a luncheon meeting of local business and professional men Vf C1 Kniefel manager of the Mason City branch of the company and H E Hanson Chi cago general manager of sales and member of the boardof directors and former man ager of the Mason City branch Lock photo K A engr Story on Page 11 U 5 Welcomes 3rd Fleet House Group Asks More on Atom Energy Washington house com mittee called for more facts on atomic energy The CIO called for bigger tax cuts for smallincome people and business That was part of the story on death and of the big sub jects Tuesday in congress In addition The senate judiciary committee okayed a bill to let President Tru man reshuffle government bureaus and congress keeping the right to veto any change That veto proposal may bring on a stiff fight on the sen ate floor The president himsell asked congress to find out whether Puerto Hico wants independence statehood a dominion form o government or an improved loca government This country he saic he ready to Secretary of iCbmmercejyirallaceJ urged an immediate boost in the i nations minimum wage level from 40 to 65 cents an hour He ap peared when a house committee started work on a bill to bring about the raise for employes of companies in interstate business The CIO said the houseap proved tax cut taxes by give huge windfalls to the richest individu als and corporations It proposed to the senate finance committee a plan to lower levies mainly for little firms and people with little incomes But a leading republican Sena tor Taft handed unex pected support to the treasurys taxchopping ideas Those ideas differ from both the house and CIO programs The house military committee decided to hear4 more witnesses Thursday on using atomic energy for a better lifeinstead of death to the world There had been an outcry be cause the committee thus far has listened to only four experts on an atomic power bill These matters were argued in committee rooms where the real work of congress is done The senate didnt meet Tuesday The house much oratory scheduled on 2 subjects 1 Palestine as a homeland for European Jews 2 A bill to grant 5600000000 of federal cash for a 10 year federal state program of building airports The senate has passed a different version of the airport bill On taxes Secretary of the Treasury Fred M Vinson told the senate committee Monday the ex cess profits tax on corporations should be abolished Jan 1 Tues day Taft told a reporter he agreed with Vinson Vinson also advocated repeal of the socalled normal tax it used to be called the victory Taft agreed with this too The houseapproved bill does not abolish these taxes Jan 1 It cuts business and personal taxes by other methods however In fact it cuts Vinson recommended only 55175000000 VFWlDVOGATES PLAN FOR VETS 5000 Vets of Fleet Leave for Discharge San Francisco city of San Francisco Tuesday paid for mal tribute to the victorious third fleet and its commander Adm William F Halsey A parade was scheduled to be gin at noon PST at the water front pass down Market street and end at the City hall where Halsey will address the spectators Token detachments from each of the 13 mighty warships now an chored in San Francisco bay will march in the parade A luncheon will be held for the men following the City hall ceremonies The city will honor HaUey at a banquet at the Palace hotel Tues day night More than 5000 the 45000 al lied fighting men who arrived Monday did not participate in PEACE SESSIONS ON COAL STRIKE ARE ADJOURNED Restore Service on StrikeBound Railway in Massachusetts By UNITED PRESS Service was restored on the strikebound eastern Massachu setts street railway Tuesday as collapse of the negotiations to end the soft coal strike posed a greater threat to the nations steel produc tion The backtowork movement amon AFL motor coach and streetcar employes came less than 24 hours after the union members had voted to remain on strike In defiance of union leadership The strikers returned on orders of acting unionpresident A L Spradling who threatened them with sanctions including revoca tion of their union charter Some blast furnaces were shut down by the coal shortage and production in the Pittsburgh smelting area dropped to 47 per cent of the depression in the 1930s Secretary of Labor Lewis B Schwellenbach said Monday night he had adjourned the coal confer Japs Petition for ffirohito Abdication Get Wage Raise Chicago Lewis J Clark international president of the United Packinghouse Workers of America Tuesday an nounced the conclusion of an agreement with the Geo A Hqr mel Packing company Austin Minn granting plantwide wage Increases Clark said the agree ment provided a increase In the basic weekly wage in th Hormel plant meeting the union general demand on the packin industry for a ADMJRUHALSEY Fleet Returns cent an hou pay raise which will be extended to 25 cents an hour when the is sue is settled on a national leve ence and wpuldnot attempt to Blame British for Mistake in Indonesia London Hilversum radio that the Dutch minister of overseas territory had blamed the British for a mistake in policy in Indonesia and an nounced that Holland was ready to negotiate with revolutionists in the rich colonial empire islands Prof H A the minister was quoted also as tell ing the Dutch lower house that olland would do all in its lower to send troops to In onesia to restore order and was watching with anxiety the very low pace of the British authori ies More British troops were re ported to have landed during the ay on Java focal point of the disturbances The allied occupa ion forces there are under com mand of a British general acting for the southeast Asia command Earlier the free Indonesia radio said that reports that the Indo nesian republic had declared war on Holland were completely false The Netherlands news agency Aneta reported Saturday that the Indonesian peoples army of the Soekarno nationalist movement bad issued a proclamation declar ing war on all Dutch Eurasians and Ambonese The free Indonesia radio broad cast this purported statement from the republic contradicting the Aneta dispatch All news circulating abroad that it has declared war on Hol land Is false and untrue The re ports are only the evil provoca tions of foreign agents who are trying to discredit the Indonesian republic The Indonesian republic wishes to emphasize their policy which is to respect the principles of peace humanity and Justice BILLIJON fJ Insurgents Near Indies CcpitoJ I Jena Sea Indonesians Kill More Than 20 BALI 300 STATUTE MILIS TVHERE INDONESIAN NATIONALISTS FIGHT DUTCH on map indicate where armed Indonesian Na tionalists warring on the Dutch killed Europeans and Eurasians within 12 miles of Batavia capital of the rich Netherlands Indies and engaged in scattered fighting in the interior of Java according to the Dutch news agency Aneta AP Wirephoto map II 14 Reveals German Reds Dominate Rule of Berlin Washington Eisenhower said Tuesday informal re ports indicate a fair and impartially supervised election in Berlin would not support the present communist party dominance of the citys government The general put into his second monthly report on military gov ernment in the American zone of occupation a critique on politics in those in the Russian zone Eisenhower declared that one of the political devices fosterec by the communists in bloc of have no wel in the American zone Here is what he had to say about Berlin where the allied control authority has its head ASK ALLIES FOR IMPORTATION FOOD SUPPLIES Claim to Represent 2500 Members of Labor Party Tokyo CUPJ Three hundred Japanese demonstrated outside Gen Douglas MacArthurs head quarters Tuesday for abdication of Emperor Hirohito and permission to import food to avert mass star vation v War Minister Gen Sadamu Shimomura meantime reported to the Japanese cabinet that both the war and navy ministries will be abolished Dec 1 and replaced by demobilization ministries The demonstrators at MacAr hurs headquarters claiming to epresent 2500 members of a lemocratic mass labor party sent a delegation inside with a declara ion of their aims They sought 1 Replacement of Hirohito with 11yearold Crown Prince Akihi to 2 Resignation of all high Japa OUST OFFICIAL IN ARGENTINA Avalos Kicks Out Federal Police Chief Buenos Aires Aristo bulo Mittelbach was ousted Tues day from the post of federal po lice chief by War Minister Gen Eduardo Avalos acting in his ca pacity as minister of the interior He will be replaced by Col Emilio Ramirez a former police chief who had been turned out of office by President Edelmiro Far retl Avalos also appointed Lt Col Jose Oscar de Alleride as deputy chief police and made other changes in the police department Meanwhile students of the na tional institute decided to end their 10day walkout and law students at the Student Center university issued an invitation to their members to return to their Avalos leader of the army movement which overthrew the military rule of Col Juan Peron disavowed the role of strong man In an Interview with the Asso ciated Press Avalos called the overthrow of Peron vice presi dent war minister and labor Seattle Iowa and Arkansas dropped an chor Monday to await the cele bration of Navy week starting Oct 21 The men remaining in Seattle face 12 days of entertain ment climaxing with Navy day Oct 27 Tuesdays ceremonies They are the lucky ones en route to sepa ration centers nearest their homes Two trains left Monday night and 6 others were scheduled to leave Tuesday bearing prospective dis chargees homeward Other men not so fortunate were given liberty The first lib erty ship to touch shore was from the battleship U S S Alabama As 100 sailors and marines leaped from the boat relatives and friends laughing some swarmed around the men they had not seen for many months Almost 20000ft San Franciscans peered through a murky foe Mon day to watch the third fleet enter the bay Halseys flagship the U S South Dakota sailed beneath the Golden Gate bridge exactly a noon touching off a deafening clamor of whistles and cheers an indi cation It might be In other major disputes some striking longshoremen returned to their j obs alon g the New York water front and a new move was made to settle Hollywoods 30 weekold film stike Striking coal miners numbering 200000 in 6 eastern states ac counted for nearly half the na ions 464000 idle Workers More than 20000 steel workers n the Pittsburgh area were fur oughefl as coalstarved steel mills reduced their output by half A Jnlled States Steel spokesman warned that 30000 would be laid off in the Chicago area within 3 weeks unless Che coal strike ends Ele said the company plans to cut itsoutput to 25 per cent of normal by Friday Some 32000 CIO employes threatened a general strike in Wilmington Dela Tuesday over Washington Veterans of Foreign Wars have asked Presi dent Trumans support for a vet erans program that includes bonuses up to per man Under the VFW plan for ad justed service pay veterans would be paid the difference be tween their average service earn ings and wages paid to war work ers The VFW resolution calls for payment of for each day of home service and per day for overseas service up to a maximum of for home service and for overseas xeterans An added for combatdisabled veterans would raise the maxi mum to minister under President Gen Edtlmiro Farrell a revolution Losers in the political upset continued tobe routed out of government posts as civilian lead ers weighed offers to enter a gov ernment still headed by a military president The offers were made by a civilian General Prosecutor Juan Alvarez named interior minister by Farrell and given a free hand to form a cabinet of notables Alvarez was said to have Agreed to take the ministry only if he could approve appoint ments to the cabinet vacancies Bluff bulky Avalos who gives the impression of being a warm personality with a direct and un subtle mind said simply I am not the boss I am carrying out the orders of officers of the army he de clared Several prominent civilians have been approached by the 67 yearoldAlvarez who himself stll undecided Monday night about ac ccpting the interior ministry His first effort a tender of the foreign ministry portfolio to Tomas breton former ambassador t London met with failure Vice Ad mlral Vemengo Lima navy min siter meanwhile has taken ove the duties of acting foreign minis ter As the South Dakota a veteran of 15 major engagements and 7 in vasions dropped anchor between Alcatraz island and the yacht har or the other flagbedecked ship ailed past in procession 100 ards apart These were the sub arines PuEfet Baya Kraken uggerhead Pilotfish and Stickle ack the destroyers DeHaven amuel Moore and Blue the cruis r Vicksburg and the battleships Uabaraa Wisconsin and Colo rado The ships were the vanguard of thers scheduled to reach west oast ports by Navy Day Oct 27 Buy your Victory Bonds an Stamps from your GlobeGazetl carrier boy be builtup to a full division Lt Gen Sir William J Slim of the southeast Asia command was re ported to have approved military plans for dealing with the situa tion on Java The first objective of the Brit ish forces the broadcast said would be to take over internment camps crowded with Dutch vari ously estimated to number from 60000 to 100000 Wounds Are Fatal Rock Rapids suf fered when the gun he was carry7 ing accidentally discharged were fatal Saturday to Albert Bosv15 son ofIso ot George JHiep ciderit occurred as was ing Dies From Burns teon Henderson 29 Davis City farmer died Saturday rom burns suffered when he poured fuel oil on a bonfire His mother and a sister survive the U S conciliation services failure to settle disputes at 2 plants of the Vulcanized Fibre Co The Newcastle county industrial union council authorized its ex ecutive board to call the strike if other means failed The board was directed to appeal to Schwellenbach to arrange a labor management meeting Shipping operations were re sumed partially in the strike bound New York harbor as an intraunion battle continued with in the AFL international long shoremens union Mayor F H LaGuardia met Tuesday with representatives of engineers and firemen employed by 21 New York City milk com panies in an effort to forestall a tieup of the metropolitan area milk supply Seeing reporters after the 8th day of conferences ended in fail ure Schwellenbach said he would not schedule another meeting be tween soft coal and union repre sentatives until he had another compromise settlement to offer or one of the parties indicated a resumption of negotiations would be desirable MASON GITYANS ARRIVE IN N Y Two Mason Cityans were sched uled to arrive on the Queen Mary due to dock in New York Tuesday according to an AP dispatch re ceived here Listed among the passengers were Pfc Haymond E Boyd 715 4th S E and SSgt Aloyis G Dusheck 834 8th N E Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued mild Tuesday night and Wed nesday Iowa Fair Tuesday Tuesday night and Wednesday Warmer Tues day and Wednesday Little change in temperature Tuesday night Minnesota Mostly fair Tuesday night and Wednesday Cooler north portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday Minimum Monday At 8 a m Tuesday quarters and where the 4 allie powers have 4 zones Four organized partie3 exis authorities to organize arid so were functioning when United States forces occupied the U S sector of Berlin The 4 parties are the communist party the social democratic party the Christian democratic union and the liberal democratic party The first 2 are well organized active and have a basis of former members on which to build The latter 2 though groups ate new parties drawing support from middle class conservative Bour geois elements formerly associated with the centrum the German democratic and the German nese civil and military officials and suspension of their pensions 3 Abolition of the peerage and resignation of the entire lower house of the diet 4 Publication of war truths and an explanation of the reason for the present military budget 5 Distribution of food now held by the military The declaration was delivered to an interpreter Though writ ten in English longhand it was not turned over immediately to MacArthur The delegation especially concerned over food Armed sentries stood outside the headquarters during the dem onstration but there was no dis t u r b a n c e The demonstrators carried banners proclaiming We are starved We need food A spokesman for the group said the new Japanese premier Baron Kijuro Shidehara earlier had re fused to receive a delegation from the party The demonstration clearly showed that the Japanese have taken a long stride toward free speech Only a few months ago a cry for Hirohitos abdication wound have landed demonstrators Nations Strike Picture By UNITED PRESS Strikes and shutdowns kept approximately 448000 workers away from their jobs Tuesday The major disputes of Labor Schwellenbach abandoned conferences between union and management officials as efforts to settle a strike of 200000 soft coal miners ended in failure production lagged and blast furnaces began shutting down as a result of coal shortages Output in the Pittsburgh smelting area was 47 per cent of since the depression days Pacific northwest AFL lumberworkers remained on strike as Willamette Valley operators reopened negotiations on the unions demand for a minimum hourly wage 4500 and 6000 AFL longshoremen returned to their jobs along the New York waterfront CIO maritime groups lent support to insurgent AFL unionists was restored on the eastern Mas sachusetts street railway as AFL strikers returned to work on orders of their union Earlier the men had voted to remain on strike despite state seizure of the line Some 2700 Pacific Greyhound drivers re mained on strike in 7 western states MOTION outlook Was brighter for settlement of the 7month Hollywood film strike as Film Czar Eric Johnston met with federal conciliators and strikers listed conditions for a return to work peoples party They are less well organized and less active than the Marxist parties This is especially rue of the liberal democratic party The communist party of Ger many holds a majority of the stra tegic posts in the Berlin magis trate and in the administrations of the Berlin municipalities Infor mal reports indicate that a fair and impartially supervised elec tion in Berlin would not support the present communist party dominance of posts but would re veal relatively strong support go ing to the social democrats and the Christiandemocratic in that order union The 4 parties in Berlin joined on the initiative of the commu nist party in a united front po litical bloc intended to unify their policies on all important matters This joint political or ganization continued throughout the month under review Au gust and succeeded in formu lating surface uniformity on ma jor questions with some evidence of dissent dissatisfaction especial ly on the part of the 2 conserva tive parties The device of a po litical bloc will not be encour aged in the U S zone as it runs counter to traditional American concepts of political activity and vigorous political life in a demo cratic sense in Jail if not on the execution block MacArthur said in a radio speech to the world only a few hours before the demonstration that a revolution or more prop erly an evolution which will re store the dignity and freedom of the common man already has be gun in Japan He said Japanese civilians were learning a great lesson from the democratic conduct of American troops They have for the first tune seen a free mans way of life in actual action and it has stunned them into new thoughts and new ideas MacArthur said It will take much time and re quire great patience but if world jublic opinion will permit these essential factors mankind will e repaid Herein lies the way to true final peace MacArthur gave the lie to earl er Japanese propaganda reports hat American troops had raped HISTORYSTAKING here is Henry Shuil of Sioux City president of the Iowa state board of education making good on a promise made to the 1943 Iowa state legislature He is handing over to Gov Robert D Blue 2 checks totaling the unexpended part of a total annual appropriation of to the Uni versity of Iowa and Iowa State college A refund of some had previously been made by the state teachers college Faced with wartime uncertainties as to enrollment and teaching program the state board asked and received from the 1943 legislature the same appropriation as for the pre vious biennium There was a pledge that any unexpended balance would be returned to the state The camera here records the carrying out of that promise in the boards meeting place at Ames The University of Iowa check was for the Iowa State college check for DOOLITTLE DUE FOR RETIREMENT Wright Field Dayton Ohio UPJ Gen James H Doolittlc dis closed Tuesday that he plans to re tire from the army soon Doolittle made the revelation when he arrived here to attend the army air forces fair He was asked what his postwar plans were and replied with a grin I got plans He laughingly recalled that a newsman recently misquoted him in Hollywood saying he was look ing for a postwar aviation job Doolittle said that as a result he had been getting numerous of fers Tractor Kills Man Spencer Ray Ingram 48 Dickens farmer was dragged to his death Saturday when his clothing caught in tractor machinery The widow and 3 children survive pillaged and looted in the initial days of the occupation With few exceptions he said they could well be taken a model for all time as a conquer ing army MacArthur said the Japanese armed forces were so scattered and immobilized before the sur render that their ultimate defeat was certain At the same time however he conceded that an in vasion ol Japan well might have cost hundreds of thousands ol American lives MacArthur said all Japanese armed forces in the homeland now have been demobilized Alto gether approximately 7000000 in Japan and overseas have laid down their arms He said Japan no longer reck ons as a woild power large or small GIVES INSURANCE REPORT Des Moincs Bankers Life company of Des Moines re ported Monday it had attained worth of life in surance in force after 66 years of operation The amount represents protection for more than 300000 policyholders the company said DRIVE NEARS GOAL Iyle Lloyd Berg local chairman reports the drive for the U S O and kindred or ganizations is progressing nicely in the Lyle village Of the goal has been collected and there are a few more to contrib ute ;