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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 16, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL Cambridge Oxford Are Strong Rivals By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette ManagingEditor LETTER NO t3 Oxford be tweenAmerican universities is pretty much confined to the loot ball field But fi here in England its a 2way riv alry between Oxford and Cambridge and it is even more acute in things academic than in things ath letic When a stu dent or alumnus of either refers to that other p 1 a c e you know immedi ately what is BALL meant They dont deign la men tion names Occasionally jan will refer to a CanabrjSn as a in the mud flats The university here is in a beau tiful setting 011 rolling land along the Thames Cambridge on the other hand is in a relatively level and uninteresting location An Oxford man speaking of universities will say Oxford is first The Cambridge man will say Cambridge is 2nd to none At Oxford the academic em phasis has been and is on the classics and the humanities while at Cambridge science and tech nology have been stressed Cambridge is a strictly univer sity community but Oxford par ticularly since the advent of the Mcms motor works nearby is about as important industrially as academically This is another way of saying that whereas in Cambridge there is no town and gown problem lor lack of town the problem at Oxford is real Down through the centuries morethan a little Wood has been shed While Oxford isnt as old as Bath York Chester and a num ber of other English cities it has a recorded history dating back to 912 A D William the Con querer con verted the village to military use in 1066 because of its strategic po sition 6ntfieThames The remnants of an ancient castle ana WfHotisoTatcitywall still visible in the gardens of one of the colleges are reminders of Oxfords military importance in the llth and IZfh centuries In the latter part of the 12th century groups of students began to be attracted to Oxford for some reason not revealed by history Mertoh college was founded in 1284 and lays claim to being Ox fords oldest This claim is dis puted by University and Balliol colleges One by one over a long period other colleges were established At present there are 21 for men and 4 for women all incorporated in Oxford university The definition of a university as a collection of colleges quite likely stems from Oxford It isnt surprising that the build ings of Oxford grouped about their quadrangles present a pag eant of architectural styles cov ering every period from Saxon o r m a D Perpendicular Gothic etc The colleges of Oxford have been the training ground for many of Britains leaders in all fields of scientists states men and kings Edward VIII as the Prince of Wales distinguished himself more socially than schol astically at Magdalen college Car dinal Wolsey Edward Gibbon and Oscar Wilde are other Magdalen pronounced Maudlin products Each college maintains its own particular set of traditions a fact made evident to me when I dined at Worcester and Oriel on succes sive evenings One of Oriels claim to fame is its magnificent silver service still sparkling despite a hundred years of use or more My trip out here from London by motor was with Iowas foot ball coach Maj Eddie Anderson stationed at a nearby general army hospital With as was the Duchess of Marlborongh whose home is at Blemheim palace not far from here And my return to London was in a train compartment with Lady Sarah Churchill daughter of the duchess the bride of an American naval officer Lt Russell of New ark N jr The Uncle Winnie mentioned by her several times in the course of our conversation was none other than Britains prime minister Winston Churchill For 2 years before the birth of a son Lady Sarah was employed at manual labor in a motor manu facturing plant This impressed me as being rather reflective how class barriers have been swept aside in Britain these past few years under the impact of war OPA WILL INVESTIGATE Des Moines iP The Des Mpines district office of price ad ministration reported Saturday it was investigating Iowa meat deal ers who had accumulated sur pluses of red points The accumu lations have resulted either from unreported slaughter or collection of loose stamps from farmers who do not use them the OPA said Bay your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Associated Prtss and rjjiltfd Press Full Leased Wjrcs Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY OCTOBER 16 Paper Consists at Two SectionsSection One NO e AGAIN BLAST FORMOSA Aachen Completely Encircled YANKSFfGHTING AHEAD AGAINST TRAPPED NAZIS Allied Patrols Cross Neder Rhine in Holland Advance in Vosges Area London last thin life line of the nazi garrison of Aachen was cut in the battle of the fried line Monday by American forces which battled to a junction from positions north and north east of the city The junction was made at Wur selen 3 miles north of the city by the U S first army which crushed 5 frantic counterattacks in 3 days and knocked out SO to60 of the enemys tanks Wurselen was mopped up in theprocess With the city completely locked by encircling forces the Germans were reduced to supplying the garrison by parachute Elsewhere allied forces sent patrols across the Neder Hhine in Holland clamped a 2 edged hold on the sea approaches to Antwerp in Belgium and captured a dozen towns villages broad advance which took Trench and forts in a in the Vosges troops within 32 miles of the Rhine to At Aachen in the battle the Siegfried line U S first army troops fought off the 3rd ferocious German countersmash in 24 hours and edged forward by blocks in side the city Operations were proceeding a delib eration intended to save Ameri can lives The Americans threw a Ger man charge off Crucifix ridge northeast of Aachen and in cold and bloody fighting turned back a counterattack inside the city by nazis crazily screaming Heil Hit ler as they rushed the American lines At the southern end of the long allied western front a supreme headquarters communique an nounced that the 6th army group had gained momentum in an ad vance in the Vosges mountains north of the Bclfort gap Gains were made against strong resistance along a wide front and several towns were freed including Baccarat Glon ville Fontenoy and Fremifontaine the bulletin stated For 3 hours Monday the Ger mans gave furious battle with in fantry and tanks in a desperate counterattack at Aachen but a storm of American steel smashed the effort to knife through to the besieged nazi garrison field dis patches reported German accounts and the head quarters communique itself indi cated however that the Germans had made some small grains in their determined counterattacks The said headquarters allied planes communique had bombed Wnrselen 3 miles north of Aachen a part of which at least had been previously held by American troops Berlin said Verlautenheide 2 miles northeast of Aachen which had been taken by the southern jaw of the American pincers about Aachen had been recaptured along with the village of Knopp Over the German radio came a report that the Aachen home guard is engaged in a desperate struggle to keep open a very narrow corri dor leading into Aachen It gave this picture of punishment within the city Artillery fire surpasses all pre vious barrages Every village large or small is exposed to the inces sant fire of the heavy guns Every orchard which may hide a strong point is showered with grenades They have been given the or der that come what lifeline must not be severed the broadcast said Woman Acquitted in Slaying of Youth Salinas Cal Frances Andrews 38 acquitted late Sat urday in a sensational murder trial Monday enjoyed her first week of freedom since last Aug ust A jury of 8 women and 4 men decided Mrs Andrews was inno cent of the fatal shooting July 15 of her 19 year old farrnboy pro tege Jay Lovett after deliberat ing 6 hours and 10 minutes CONDITION IS CRITICAL Council Bluffs Ol sen 16 one of 6 Council Bluffs high school students injured in an automobile accident here Saturday in which 3 students were killed was reported in poor condition by hospital attendants Mcmriai Hungarians Fighting Among Selves After Horthys Bid for Armistice With Allies London has toppled into political chaos atter Regent Nicholas Horthys dramatic bid for peace negem Horthys quick least on the Budapest Count Ferencz Szalasys lastditch crowd of Arrow Cross nazis only empha sized that Hungarians were eropna ing among themselves instead of against the invading red army Reports via Stockholm Monday said that in some places they were fighting the Germans too This all added up to a zneltin of the barrier between the red army and a great drive past Buda pest to Vienna and a possible final decision in the east The Germans took quick meas ures to stave off the debacle but admitted through the official German news agency that Hor thys petition for an armistice had greatly damaged the waging of the war Berlin dispatches to Stockholm newspapers said nazi troops swift ly took over all strategic build ings in Budapest and that a new government shortly would try to get Hungarian troops to continue battle on the German side One report said Horthy had escaped arrest and was holding out in a strongly fortified castle ProGerman elements presum ably aided by German SS divi sions rushed to Budapest from Vi enna apparently seized control of thecountry immediately alter the petition for an armistice was broadcast early Sunday evening in an order of the day signed by Regent Horthy Within broadcast a few from hours another Budapest an nounced that the Hungarian nazi j party headed by Ferec Szalasi had taken matters ihiandto elimi nate traitors at and promised that the most ruthless measures including the death penalty would be imposed on those disobeying orders The Ankara radio said the ges tapo was making mass arrests and a report broadcast by the ra dio at Lille France said Horthy had been seized by the gestapo and taken to Germany The effect of the peace move on the Hungarian army an estimated 30 to 40 divisions was not known immediately Horthys petition as recorded in London did not order Hungarian soldiers to lay down their arms A later broadcast oE a statement attributed to the chief of the general staff Col Gen Vi tez Voeroes urged the troops to continue fighting until the out come of armistice negotiations is known but the Lille radio quoted Swiss reports that large groups of Hungarian soldiers were already Quitting Meanwhile Russian armies drove across the countrys central plains less than 50 miles from Budapest A nazi military collapse in Hun gary would open to the red armies the road to Vienna and set np an reported by agency DNB invasion of the reich over the soil of Austria The German radio early Mon day admitted the action of the Horthy regime has greatly dam aged the waging of the war An official declaration the German news said that since the spring of 1942 the Horthy government had made a complete turn and tried by all means to weaken the alliance with Germany and made every possible move to sabotage the war effort The broadcast declaring that Horthy has at last dropped the mask and become an open trai tor said the regent had made arrangements for his family and friends to seek safety in neutral territory suggesting the possibil ity he may have escaped arrest by the gestapo Confirmation of Horthys arm istice request was expected hour ly from Moscow where Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Stalin are in conference Neutral sources said Sunday Hungarian armistice delegates were enroute to Moscow Fire Causes Damage of at City Hall in Sioux City Sioux ehy an emergency meeting Sunday after noon the city council announced all city hall offices except the election registration headquarters would be closed Monday because of damage caused by a fire Sat urday night Dole Anderson superintendent of finance said the loss which was estimated by Fire Chief Charles Kuhl to be in excess of was well covered by insurance The council said some depart ments of might be quarters while offices and equipl rnent were being reconditioned The interior the building was scorched by the fire and soaked by water from hoses of 6 firecom panies No one was injured in the fire which blazed 90 minutes breaking out on the 2nd floor and sweeping to the roof fo the 6 story building Its origin has not been determined the city government moved to temporary Buy yonr War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy BERLIN ADMITS ARMY FLEEING FROM GREECE Balkan Front Will Assume Different Aspect Nazis Say London radio indi cated Monday that the Germans had decided to evacuate Grece The broadcast by the Trans ocean Agency said Because of the German evacuation of Greece the Balkan front will assume a different aspect said a German military spokesman Events there are still very fluid The decision in this sector will fall later Transocean added that Bul garian and Russian forces were attacking the Germans in inter ference operations designed to slow down the German retreat and hinder building up a new German front These interferences may be possible but the German concen trations cannot be hindered Strong British Force at Athens Rome strong British naval force has arrived at Piraeus the port of Athens and will begin disembarking troops Monday al lied headquarters announced The fleet headed by the 7000 ton cruiser Orion anchored Sun day evening after being delayed by enemy minefields the bulletin said Accompanying the Orion were the cruisers Ajax Aurora and Black Prince several destroyers andvarious other units of both the British and Greek navies Liberation of Athens and nearby Piraeus was announced Saturday night but there still were no de tails on this operation Field dispatches meanwhile reported that the comparatively few nazis remaining in Greece were heading for Yugoslavia in an effort to escape the trap which advancing Russian forces are closing in the north Odd Fellows Meet 1000 Are Expected DCS Moines More than 1000 persons are expected to at tend sessions of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and Re bekah assembly convening here Monday The 57th session of the Hebekah assembly will close Thursday The 97th annual session of the I O O F grand lodge Iowa and the grand encampment will continue through Friday Wallace Will Speak Here Tuesday A c j Parade to Be Staged at pm armory The stage was being set in Ma son City Monday for the appear ance here Tuesday of Vice Presi dent Henry Wallace under the sponsorship of the Ccrro Gordo county democratic central com mittee The Wallace program in Mason City included Dinner at the Hotel Hanford at D i m rarade from hotel to armory at p m Mass meeting at the starting at 8 oclock Vice President Wallace address from to p m broadcast over KGLO and 10 other loiva radio stations Presiding at the banquet will be C H Plattenburg prominent Lake Invocation will be by the Rev W F Dierkine of the First Presbyterian church Candidates of the party who have signified their intention of attending the Wallace meeting in clude Senator Guy M Gillette Judge Richard F Mitchell nom inee for governor Oscar Johnson nominee for lieutenant governor W D Kearney nominee for rep resentative in congress Fred J Paullus nominee for state senator Walter B Pedelty nominee for state representative from Cerro Gordo county County Attorney M L Mason Sheriff Tim Phalen Supervisor E R Steinberg and VICE PRESIDENT HENRY A WALJLACE Justice of the Peace Verne Mett ler Also planning to attend the dinner are G G Jock Atlantic national committeeman Jake More state chairman and Henry Hitzhusen Cerro Gordo county supervisor and other prominent members of the party THe Mason City highschool band will head the parade which will start at oclock M the Hotel Hanford going to tbe arm ory Jake Douglas chairman of the Cerro Gordo county democratic central committee wil preside at the armory where the invocation will be given by Doctor Marvin B Kober of the First Methodist church Opening speaker will be Judge Mitchell ana at oclock Vice President Wallace will speak Following his address other candidates will speak CARRIER PLANES toward the Phil ippines a dive bomber of Adm Marc A Mitschers famed task force 58takes off on the U S carrier based air sweeu atromof liMrl against Japheld Manila Yank Troops Withdraw From Shaky Toehold in Ft Driant With U S 3rd Army Before Melz Gen George S Pattons headquarters announced Monday that the biggest little battle of the western front had ended when American troops withdrew from a shaky toehold in Fort Driant be cause the promised reward was not worth the cost in casualties Pattons doughboys pulled back from the southwest corner of Fort Driaiit key output ofltlie cover of darkness last Friday after 3 weeks of weird and heavy fighting If it had been thought wise the fort might have been taken by frontal assault a 3rd army spokesman said However it was not worth the necessary casualties in view of the fact that Driant was under the direct fire of neigboring fortifications The Americans suffered numer ically light casualties in the attack on Fort Driant which carried atop the stone ramparts and into the underground chambers The spokesman revealed that never move than a single battalion was in action against Driant at one time The attack gained much val uable information on the construc tion of the forts in the Metz area he added The Americans withdrew under orders and not because the Ger mans forced them out The Ger mans now occupied their former position atop the fort and in its tunnels American small arms and artil lery still was arrayed within range of the fort At their farthest ad vance the Yanks held 100 yards of a tunnel leading to the Driant citadel and about 75 yards of the southwest corner above ground The underground thrust was hampered by a series of reinforced steel blastproof doors After combat engineers had attacked several of them the Germans made a further advance hazardous and impractical by n series of counterblasts which filled the tun nels with poisonous fumes 4 INJURED IN CRASH AT RUDD Mason Cityans Miss Curve on Highway Four Mason Cityans were in jured Sunday night about 10 oclock when the car in which they were riding missed a curve and turned over on highway 18 just east of Rudd Hospital atten dants reported Monday noon that the extent of their injuries had not been determined but that all were in fail condition Those hurt were Mr and Mrs Joseph Muldoon and their son of 222 13th N W and Mrs Clarence Wilson 503 ath S E motherin law of William Muldoon Also in the car but uninjured were John and Billy Muldoon sons of William Muldoon who was driving The family reportedly was re turning from a trip to Waterloo The car according to an eyewit ness turned over2 or 3 times and struck a fence The 2 boys and their father were brought into Mason City by Mrs Don Brewer 321 10th N E who saw the accident and stopped her car The others who were more seriously hurt were brought in by ambulance V PHUNt BOO NAZIS REPORT SALZBURG RAID Wiihelmshaven Hamburg Also Bombed by Allies London planes bombed Salzburg in southeast Germany not far from Hitlers Berchtesgaden mountain retreat the German radio announced Before dawn British heavy bombers in great strength at tacked the German ports ot Wil helmEbaven and Hamburg during electrical storms The enemy said the cathedral of Salzburg was damaged heavily and the Mozart house home of the great composer was destroyed Over the weekend more than 40000 tons of bombs cascaded on western Germany More than 7 000 planes participated in the 15 principal attacks Bombing reached its greatest intensity at Cologne and Duisburg where 4 day and night assaults were carried out in rapid fire suc cession Other attacks were directed against industrial and rail targets at Saarbrucken Kaiserslautern Berlin Brunswick Dusseldorf Hamburg Mannheim Reisholz and the big Sorpe dam 20 miles southeast Dortmund The total cost for all the raids was 71 American and 34 12 fighters Awakens and Sees Burglar Sound Asleep Seattle fp Q L McLeod awoke at 2 a m with the feeling that something was amiss It was too gone from his wallet As he turned on the light for a more thorough investigation there was the burglar only a few feel away sound asleep But the burglar was a light sleeper He made a hurried retreat the S25 Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Fair Monday night and Tuesday Little change in temp erature Minnesota Fair Monday JAPS DECLARE JAP FLEET IS NOW IN ACTION Aerial Battle of Western Pacific Rages Ahead Into 7th Day Pearl Harbor battle of the western Pacific raged on into its 7th day Monday with American B29 Superfortresses smashing again at Formosa while the American 3rd fleet apparently was slugging it out with Japans air forces and perhaps her elusive fleet in a showdown struggle A war department communique said the Superfortresses carried out the 2nd attack with very good bombing results on the Oka yama and Heito aircraft repair and supply bases No B29s were lost and air reconnaissance shoived that in the initial B29 raid of the Okayama base was de stroyed including 37 buildings destroyed and 16 heavily dam aged Tokyo said the Japanese fleet at last had gone into action acainst Admiral William F Hal seys mammoth fleet off Formosa and though this was NOT con firmed officially there were some indications here that the report might be true Powerful Japanese air forma tions already were known to have counterattacked the 3rd fleet which had destroyed or damaged 227 ships and 621 planes in 5 straight days of destructive American raids in their home wa ters A war department announce ment in Washington disclosed that the giant landbased Superfor tresses had carried the offensive into its 7th day with their 2nd rai d in 48 hours island bastion of Formosa previ ously attacked 3 and perhaps 4 straight daysby Halseys carrier planes The Superfortresses hit mili tary targets on Formosa Monday Washington and Tokyo time Sun day Pearl Harbor and further details will be announced later Washington said More than 100 Superfortresses attacked the Formosan air base of Okayama Saturday Friday Pearl Harbor There was no immediate word of whether Halseys planes fol lowed up their last announced raid on Formosa Friday with an other Saturday but it was quite possible On the outcome of the airsea battle oft Formosa may hinge in part the length of the war in the Pacific Admiral Chester W Nimilz confirmed in a communique Sun day that strong Japanese air formations were counterattack ing the 3rd fleet which sent its nonstop offensive against Japans inner bases through its 5th straight day Friday Saturday Tokyo time with punishing new raids on Formosa and Luzon the latter the main island of the Phil ippines Though not mentioning the pres ence of any Japanese surface war ships Nimitz added This fight is continuing Fur ther defails will be released as they become available Radio Tokyo reported that the Japanese fleet aided by land based planes had put the 3rd fleet to flight east of Formosa and was attacking it in pursuit The Japanese air force is in close teamwork with surface units now attacking the doomed task force1 the broadcast said claim ing that the Americans were CHINA tKVWMU V 7ONIN night j and Tuesday Little change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 59 Minimum Sunday niglit 28 At 8 a m Monday 30 YEAR AGO Maximum 355 Minimum Killing frost The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 61 Minimum Saturday night 31 At 8 a m Sunday 31 YEAR AGO Maximum 355 Minimum 32 Snow flurries m INVASION VRELUDE Ar rows with jitanc symbols indi cate naval task force and Super fortress air assaults on Formosa and the Ryuku islands Open arrows indicate possible inva sion of Philippine islands which may follow ;