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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 15, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HSTOflV HOiNEs M THE NEWSPAKR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LH Astcdtlri Pnm and United Full Leased Five Ceata a Copyj MASON crry IOWA MONDAY OCTOBER is 1945 NO S FIRING SQUAD KILLS TRAITOR LAVAL One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO HftAOa CUT Sunday 6 9 n VfOI Ames Tuesday p m WSU1 Clly Wednesday p m WTAD qairfey III Friday p ro KSCM Bloix City p m Aviations Role as a World Shrinkcr THE fabulous development of aviation in the past 25 years has brought into our language a new term No speech on interna tional relations is complete with out at least one reference to our NATIONSSTRIKE LINES DROP TO BELOW more than one The expression Is more than picturesque tt really reflects what has been happening on this old globe of ours Ive seen it hap pen One night a few months ago I stood on a high bank overlook ing the River Shannon at Foynes Ireland the next night at the same was climbing out of a Boeing Clipper at Balti more Md I should explain however that the trip not made in 24 hours as it might appear Actually the flight had taken 30 hours because we were making up the 6 hours we had given up passing through the various time zones on our eastward Gignt 2 months previ Longshoremen Return to Clear Harbor of 400 Marooned Ships By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Cargoes tied up for 2 weeks in New York harbor began to move Monday as AFL longshoremen returned to work to clear the port of more than 400 strikemarooned vessels The dockworkers return along seizure of the struck Eastern Massachusetts street raU systera cut the total of per Notions Strike Picture By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Total strike idle slightly below 400000 COAL AND 200030 miners put in dispute over recognition of a foremens union settlement conferences continue as steel plants hampered by lack fuel lay off employes of Massachusetts seizes Massachusetts eastern street railways where strike of 1800 tied up transportation for 1000000 71 New England communities without service begin moving in port of New York as AFL longshoremen return to docks after 2week strike 35000 to 60000 involved MOTION screen actors guild gives limited support to film workers walkout ously Incidentally our flight from Baltimore to Eire had required less than 20 hours in air Qn our eastward trip we maintained a speed about onethird faster than on our westward trip because as is almost always the case we had the benefit of a westerly tail wind Coming back we had to buck that wind THIS was about a year ago Since that tame vast strides havetreenmade4n3 obliterating distance Places have spanned the Americancontinent in about 7 hours Within the past month the world has been girdled in less than 150 hours Nobodyj of course believes that the ultimate in aerial speed has i been reached Jet propulsion is in its infancy and its jet propulsion in combination with stratospheric altitude that really staggers the imagination There seems to be almost no limit to the possibili i ties in that direction Scientists are even speculating and sons off the job over the nation because of labor troubles below 400000 lowest in several weeks Principal unsettled controver sies involved more than 200000 miners in 6 states 61000 north west lumber workers and 3000 to 7000 motion picture workers Joseph P Ryan lifetime presi dent of the AFL longshoremen said the men are all going back to work and that if he received word a majority were back I will get the committee together and we may resume negotiations with the New Yorlc shipping association Monday The number on strike had been estimated at between 35000 and 60000 Theissue was inclusion in a neyv contract of a standard ized weight for cargo netloadings In Hollywood scene 01 a pro longed AFL jurisdictional dispute involving between 3000 and 7 000 motion picture workers the AFL screen actors guild have lim ited support to the walkout Heretofore strictly neutral the powerful guild instructed its 8000 members they were not obliged to cross any mass picket line or sub ject to possible jn volyement in violence The dispute started32 weeks ago over claims of 2 rival AFL or ganizations upon 77 set decorators for collective bargaining purposes Herbert K Sorrell strike leader said the walkout no longer was an interAFL factional dispute He declared the representation is sue had been decided by an NLHB election but that there still re mained the issue of returning strikers to their jobs without dis crimination A long strike in Pottstown Pa CIO Asks Full Employment Revised Wage Policy and Compensation for Jobless A resolution of an emergency legislative backed by PAC support was adopted at the conference of District No 3covering 3 states Iowa Nebraska and Colorado by the United Packinghouse Workers CIO in session here Saturday and Sunday The conference vigorously condemned the recent actions of con gress such as The lack of consideration given the KilgoreForand Unemployment Compensation bill the mutilation oj the Murray Patman Full Employment bill and the enactment of tax legislation that is wholly inadequate providing for a 25 per cent reduction of excess profits taxes of tions giving large tax reductions to the high income groups and little tax relief to people earning or less The resolution outlined CIOs Emergency Legislative program as follows 1 The national wage policy must be revised upward at least 30 per cent in order that workers can meet the 50 per cent increase in the cost of living and in order that we can maintain a high level of economy that will promote full production and full employment 2 The house of representatives must repudiate the shameful ac tion of the house ways and means committee bybringing forth the KilgoreF o r a n d unemployment compensation bill and supporting President Truman in his request for week for 26 weeks for unemployedworkers seriously about a visit to the moon If youre tempted to smile at this fantastic suggestion I sug gest that you recall what hap pened a few weeks ago over a Japanese city called Hiroshima Is there anything fundamentally fantastic about this proposed rock et trip to the moon than there was In the accomplished fact of an atomic bomb Consider also the fact that the blast which in a twinkling of an eye laid waste a city about the size of Minneapolis was utilizing only about of 1 per in other words of the theoretical potential of the energy inherent in that fistsize lump of uranium Consider this 1 say and you wont be wondering where the power is coming from for this future trip to the moon I RECOGNIZE of course that this atomic energy remains to be harnessed The harnessing may not be accomplished in the early future possibly not in our life time But far be it from me to say that Jt never will be From this was settled At the Spicer Man ufacturing company 1870 persons returned to work after having been out since Aug 20 in a dispute over rehiringwar veterans The CIO united automobile workers said the veterans had low senior ity rights and that super sen iority workers were being dis missed The company and union said all issues were ironed out to the best interests of all con cerned but did not say what the issues were Gov Maurice J Tobin of Mas sachusetts ordered state seizure of the railways system when a strike of 1800 employes tied up trans portion for more than 1000000 patrons Tobin acted under special emer gency powers granted by the state legislature at the outbreak of the war and never used here tofore He appointed Frank J Murray former Boston corporation coun sel to run the lines Meanwhile the sorest spot in the labor picture continued to be the walkout of 200000 coal min ers in a dispute over recognition the fair labor standards act pro viding a minimum wage of 65c to 75c per hour must be enacted without further delay 4 The Murray Fatman full em ployment bill emasculated in the senate must be restored to its original intent and purpose by the house of representatives and en acted immediately 5 The WagnerMurrayDingell social security bill providing in creased coverage and a greater security for millions of workers must be brought forth from its burial place examined Intelli gently and acted upon 6 Strict price and rent control must be maintained 7 A permanent Fair Employ ment Practices committee to end racial and minority discrimination on jobs must be created 8 CIO demands an equitable and constructive tax program based on ability to pay and urges defeat in the senate of the tax measure recently passed in the house of representatives which is unfair to workers and farmers because they can least afford to pay heavy taxes while those with large incomes are given huge savings in the form of tax relief John Jacobsen Minneapolis na tional representative of CIO Polit ical Action Committee covering 8 states from Illinois and Wiscon sin west to Montana said that PAC now a permanent part of ing of the issues by the public We want elections decided on the basis of issues Orvel T Champ OUumwa sec retarytreasurer of the Iowa Nebraska CIO council as well as the state representatives of PAC said that the cutback and concel tatlon of the war orders leaves a terrifying vacuum in its wake Millions of workers have been laid off honrs of work for millions more have been drastically cur tailed with resulting loss in take home pay civilian jobs frequently pay lower than war jobs All this spells loss of purchasing power and economic disaster he said for the entire nation if it is not met now with a plan to assure full employment and decent wages and economic security lor Sven Godfredsen of Chicago ed itor and educational director of the United Packinghouse Workers CIO said in a radio address that had it not been for the payment of time and a half for overtime and the somewhat longer work week in effect during the war the workers in the packinghouse in dustry would have been unable to exist Addresses were given by Lewis J Clark Chicago international president of the UPWA who spoke on the unions demand for a 25 cent an hour general wage in crease Ralph Helstein Chicago general legal councilor UPWA Joe Oilman director of District No 2 who announced that the Hormel company of Austin Minn has agreed to grant a ah hour general wage increase DUTCH LEADER ACTS TO QUELL JAVA UPRISINGS Governor Offers Meeting With Leaders of All Groups in Indonesia Batavia Java Dr Huber tus Van Mook lieutenant gover nor of the Dutch East Indies acted Monday to quell uprisings which imperilled one of the richest co lonial empires in the world and offered to negotiate a truce with Indonesian rebel leaders Aneta official Dutch news agency quoted Dr Van Nook as stating that he was willing to meet with leaders of all groups in In donesia including Soekarno self styled president of the Indone sian republic In a dispatch from the Hague Aneta said that A W L Tjarda Van Starkenborgh Stachouwer had resigned as governor general because he was unable to be the bearer of the government policy in the Indies He arrived in the Hague early last month after be ing liberated from a Japanese prison camp Previously the government has refused to negotiate with Soe karno who was accused of being an opportunistic Japanese pup pet It was not clear immediately whether Van Starkenborgh Stach ouwer was in disagreement with the old government policy or a new government policy of nego jtiation with the insurrectionists j Premier Schermerhorn was expected to make a statement PIERRE LAVAL CheatsFiring Squad and Herbert March Chicago di rector of District No 1 who spoke on the general program CIO was seeking to get out 100 Dutch Government Honors Iowa Officer The Hague Capt Charles K Cooper of Eldori Iowa was 1 of 22 officers who were members of the supreme headquarters al lied expeditionary forces and of the United States mission to the Netherlands who were decorated recently by the Dutch government Captain Cooper was made a member of the order of Orange Tuesday A Reuters dispatch quoting Batavia reports said 50000 Dutch women and children had been surrounded by wildly excited Indonesians in the area of Ba fefiei an jweeecompletely cutoff from allied forces The dispatch added that the women and chil dren are being held virtually as hostages and that the natives are said to be inspired by the Japanese An authoritative source in London said the British govern ment had agreed to make ships available to rush Dutch troops from Europe to Java New outbreaks were reported from the interior of Java as armed rebel bands closed upon this city Acting to maintain or der British Maj Gen D C Haw thorn allied commander invoked a death penalty in Batavia for looting sabotage the bearing of arms or refusal to surrender rms Indonesia nationalists ordered a general work stoppage in Bata via Aneta said Dr Van Moofc told a press conference that Holland would keep a 1942 pledge to give the Indies freedom in internal af fairs within the Dutch common wealth The Netherlands home radio quoted him as saying We Dutch men have learned that all which has been left of the old Dutch colonial system has to disap Scrap Air Travel Priorities Lift All Construction Curbs RECONVERSION ATAGLANCE AH building curbs off after 2 months of peace Air priorities scrapped but space may be scarce Officials say progress good see strikes as threat controls came off construction and airplane travel Monday as the nation entered its 3rd month of peace Lifting of tVPBs ban on civilian construction was expected to stimulate business expansion and provide a new source of jobs for the countrys rising total of unemployed It came as reconversion officials voiced general satisfaction with the progress thus far made while cautioning at the same time that From point on harnessing the atom and putting it to use becomes the No 1 assignment for the entire scien tific world In a wholly different way but just as completely as aviation the atomic bomb is destined to shrink and unify the world It must be clear to all thinking people that no nation in the future can be se cure through the mere setting up of military defenses There is no defense there can be no defense against atomic bombs Security can be had in one and in only one way This one way is a unified world authority to handle the whole matter We hold the secret now But we wont have any exclusive on it 10 years from now The situation is one that calls for the closest kind of world surveillance by a responsi ble agent MANY of us shrink at the very idea of a world government From now on however whether we like it or not were going to have to weigh such an unwanted course against its alternative continued nationalisms and the accompanying invitation to rocket planes bearing atomic bombs Formal declarations of war will be as passe as bow and arrow in the field of warfare The role just us sure as night follows day will be an announcement ot war through the medium of planes Continued on Face 2 of Gets Divorce From Churchills Daughter per cent participation at the polls we can do this we will aoide nassau with the degree of knight London Vic Oliver the by the results said Mr Jacobsen comedian obtained a final divorce We do not like a minority vote We want the issues of the cam foremens organization af Churchill Oliver daughter of for pagin discussed on the highest Stamps from your GlobeGazette possible level and an understand United Mine Workers He charged desertion the upsurge of labor strife tiack7tonOrmal process official unofficial quarters came these forecasts of future trends and actions wants a 30 per cent increase to offset loss of overtime Official sentiment is growing for federal approval of a rise of perhaps 15 per cent but this plan so far lacks white house blessing a wage boost necessarily would increase price levels by 3 or 4 per cent Mean time OPA is holding the line in sisting on 1942 detail prices for most goods coming back on the market STRIKES Failure to date in settling critical oil and coal emer gencies has spurred demands for some peacetime disputehandling machinery This could mean re vival the dying war labor board or creation of a new agency to handle test cases and fix a formula for peaceful settlements Indications are that unions will request GOO strike votes in Octo ber double last months record total The stricken industries in clude automobiles lumber ship ping and trucking FOOD Meat rationing prob ably wiU continue after Novem ber 1 OPA officials believe no improvement seen in sugar soon in stores improving but WPB is investi gating the lag in its lowcost gar ment program Shoes may go off rationing November 1 if produc tion rises but so far output has not jumped as expected Nylons already appearing occasionally in big cities stores HARD GOODS Washers ra dios and the like arriving in sam ple quantities Major auto com panies in production or near it but threatened with strikes Sales control over refrigerators find one and you can buy it JOBS Upwards of 2000000 idle High unemployment fore cast through 1946 since industrial expansion cannot keep pacewith the rapid return of veterans However abeut 700000 jobs are looking for takers and the daily strike total covers around 450000 The removal of passenger pri orities on domestic and foreign air lines knocked out one of the few remaining controls over trans portation Still on the books is tire ration ing which the rubber industry hopes to see ended by New Years curbs on home delivery service which will be erased November 1 and truck rationing which ends December 1 SLOT MACHINES SEIZED AT ELKS Police Raid Club on Signed Information Eight slot machines were seized by Mason City police in a raid on the local Elks club at N Federal about 10 oclock Saturday evening A search warrant was issued after information was filed by Izzie Tamres4 3rd N W A committee of Elks waived pre liminary hearing Monday morn ing The case was bound over to the January term of grand jury The club was charged with pos ALMOST CHEATS FRENCH MICE IN SUICIDE TRY Swallows Poison But Is Revived to face Death by 12 Riflemen Paris Laval was executed as a traitor to France Monday alter falling to cheat the firing squad by swallowing poi son The man who collaborated with the Germans as chief of govern ment in old Marshal Petains Vichy regime died from a coup de grace fired through his ear when a volley from the firing squad did not kill him Doctors restored the swarthy 62 year old traitor from effects of poison taken 4 hours earlier He was led to the courtyard of the bleak old Fresnes prison and died with a cry of Vive La France on his lips He was refused a final request to give the order for his own death to the execution squad Laval refused a prof erred blindfold and laced his execu tioners These were his last words It is not the soldier fault They know not what they do Vive La France1 The 12 riflemen fired Laval fell only to his knees An officer rushed up immedi ately aimed his revolver into La vals ear and fired The coup de grace dispatched Laval at p m and he fell dead into the dirt of his courtyard The man who before the war had twice been premier of France and a dozen times a member of her cabinets was condemned by the high court of justice last week same court which con demned Former Marshal Pertain and JosephDarnandthe head of the Vichy militia Petains sentence was com muted to life imprisonment and disgrace Darnand stoodbefore a firing squad only a few days be fore Laval The trial of Laval was cut short by Lavals own sltdown strike against the proceedings which he termed a judicial crime His first statement had been greeted by a burst of jeers and shouts from the presiding judge prosecutor and jurors Twice during the first 3 days Laval was ejected from the courtroom His lawyers quit at the start of the trial but returned only when threatened with disbarment After his second ejection from the trial Laval was confined in a dungeon beneath the courtroom He wrote some brief notes outlin session of slot machines The ma chines were turned over to the sheriffs office by police Police Chief Harold E Wolfe said that the machines would be opened only after a court order and pro ceeds would be donated to the school fund Making the raid were Police Captain Leo Hisacher and officers Ralph Schiffman Glenn Hamblin and Bill Bruns The haul included 3 nickel 3 dime and 2 quarter machines No estimate was made on their value Representing the state was County Atty M L Ma son My reason for signing that in formation was in protest to the racial discrimination shown by Elks in rejecting 2 service men who served overseas from mem bership in the club said Mr Tamres who operates an auto parts store on South Delaware At a recent meeting of the Elks he said his name and that of Morris Traub who operates a used car lot on South Federal were rejected while 6 persons were taken into membership PACKINGHOUSE WORKERS scene of the leading figures in the 3rd district conference of the Packinghouse Workers of America CIO was taken at the Hotel Hanford when the group met here for a 2day con ference Saturday and Sunday Among the speakers were Lewis J Clark Chicago international the packinghouse union A T Stephens Des Moines director of district 3 and presiding officer of the convention Herb March district No 1 director John Jacobsen Minneapolis national representative PAG and Sven Godfredsen Chi cago editor and educational director UPWA Lock photo K and A engr Thief Gets Haul of 77 Cases of Whisky Albuquerque N Mcjt was a farsighted burglar who raided Arthur Esbergs liquor store and police figure hell have a v e r y Merry Christinas unless theyre able to make an arrest Esberg reported 77 cases of whisky taken including 50 cases of the better grades reserved for the yuletide trade He valued the loot at Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and somewhat warmer Monday night Tuesday fair and quite mild Iowa Fair Monday Monday night and Tuesday Slightly wanner in north and west Mon day and Monday night Con siderably wanner Tuesday Minnesota Fair and warmer Mon day Tuesday fair warmer south and east portions IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 57 Minimum Sunday 26 At 8 a m Monday 35 YEAR AGO Maximum 61 Minimum 31 GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Saturday 60 Minimum Saturday 38 At 8 a m Sunday 41 YEAR AGO ing his defense A coffin lay near the spot where Laval had pitched forward in death The body was placed in it swiftly and loaded into a hearse Three official cars bearing the prefect of police the attorney gen eral and the local police commis sioner accompanied the hearse from the gates of the prison The little procession went to1 nearby Thlais cemetery and there Lavals coffin was lowered into the ground close to the grave of Darnand Next to Lavals plot was a grave marked Here lies an unknown collab orator Grave diggers immediately be gan covering Lavals coffin with dirt About 25 spectators watched silently The grave was left unmarked It was believed however that his family will be given the right to move the body or place a tomb stone over it No medical report was released immediately concerning the exact condition of Laval when he was executed Two men had supported him on his last walk to face the firing squad Doctors worked on Laval with a stomach pomp for 2 hours before the decision was made to proceed Maximum Minimum 77 38 with the execution No demonstrations occurred around Fresnes Heavy cordons of police lined all approaches to the prison When the sound of firing was heard from the prison a stir went through the crowd The execution vyas formally an nounced by the ministry of justice Quick action by prison physi cians apparently was responsible for the failure ot Lavals attempt to cheat the firing squad The execution originally had been scheduled for 9 a m 2 a m CSX at Fort Chatillon but officials cided against moving Laval to the fort after his suicide attempt Laval made his desperate bid to thwart the fate decreed for him when officials entered his cell at 8 a m 1 a m CST to remove him to Fort Chatillon Robert Amor director of French prisons said Laval was lyina on his cot when Prosecutor Andre Mornet and other officials entered Guessing their purpose ;