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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, October 15, 1942

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 15, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF H I S T 0 ft y A iv D A 0 C 3 I0 I to V THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRKS FIVE CENTS A COPX MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAYQCTOBER 15 1942 AT THE CRACK OF DAWN Sunrise Finds North Iowa Hunters Ready toOpen Blitz Against Ducks Hiram Hunt Clear Lake and his dog Mickey are all set as the sun breaks over the homon inthe morning on the opening clay of duck season alreadj has his duck call n action in hopes that hell get a response that will bring the game close enoueh for i 15 to lhT hoM WiH te ablc to hunt ucfe and net 15 to Dec 2o Lock photo Kayenay engraving Jtommel Back in Africa EGYPTIAN FRONT MAY FLARE UP Heavy Air Battles Reported Over Malta By HAKEISON SALISBURY United Tress Staff Correspondent Indications multiplied Thurs day that the African front may soon burst into action with the arrival at his desert headquarters of nazi Marshal Erwin Rommel and persistent circulation of axis rumors that an allied move is impending against the west Afri can const Nazi reports Indicated that strong axis air reinforcements were being diverted to Africa hinting that withdrawals of luflwaffe units are being made from Russia where the soviet air force was said to be rela lively inactive if The shift luftwaffe squad rons to Africa was thought to ex plain in part the sudden renewal of air battling over Malta Since Saturday German and Italian air squadrons have been makingregular clay and night al 1acks on the British rock bastion despite mounting losses against the defending royal air force spit fire squadrons The British fighters brought down another 25 uxis planes Wednesday with a loss of only five of their own machines The total axis aircraft destroyed or damaged since Saturday was well over the 100mark At the same time Berlin re ported that Rommel was back at his African quarters where he was said to be studying MARSHAL ERWIN ROMMEL tn Africa Reds Demand Hess Be Tried at Once as War Criminal enemy movements and im proving the position of his own front lines Rommel had gone to Berlin for the nazi winter relief meeting at which Hitler spoke and presumably conferred on vinter plans for the desert At the same time the nazicon trolled Paris Press intensified its rumor mongering concerning al leged allied plans to move against Dakar or other west Afri can points Paris newspapers were filled with stories expressing anxiety over defenses of the French Afri can outposts and reports of mass ing allied troops in Gambia south of Dakar and of the purported presence of an allied convoy somewhere off Dakar There was no comment from London on these reports How ever it was believed that African matters were to the fore in con ferences with Field Marshal Pre mier Jan Smuts of South Africa who arrived in London after a hurried trip by air Reports of a new purge by Adolf Hitler ot his military lead ers were circulated extensively These rumors apparently origi nating in Stockholm and Moscow for the most part named Gen Franz Haider chief ot staff of the German high command as hav ing been replaced by Gen Alfred Jodl Hitlers personal military adviser Rumors that Field Mar shal Fedor Von Bock comman der of the southern German arm ies in Russia had been removed were revived The alleged purge was said to have stemmed from general dis agreement between Hitler and the generals over the strategy of the attack on Stalingrad There also were unconfirmed rumors of new differences between Germany and Italy and the visit of Henrich Himmler gestapo chief to Pre mier Benilo Mussolini was linked with these reports FINDS WIFE 2 DAUGHTERS DEAD Man at Fort Dodge Discovers Tragedy FORT DODGE X When Clement Hcntges department store employe returned home Wednesday night he found the bodies of his wife 27 and their two daughters aged 41 years and 4 months hanging in the basement Police Captain W L Gormally said Hentges reported his wife recently suffered a 1 breakdown Delicate Problem Is Confronted by British on Proposed Example LONDON UR Russia de manding that Rudolf Hess and other enemy warlords who fall into allied hands be tried immediately as war criminals confronted Brit ain and the united nations with one of the wars most delicate problems Thursday The soviet statement made in reply lo a declaration by refugee fiovcrnments in London urged that Hess No 3 nazi now held by the British be tried by an international court now for his share of the nazi atrocity policy as an example for all German leaders of the retribution a wail ins them after the ivar Official British sources refused to comment on British policy to ward the Russian demand point ing out that it was a reply to the exiled governments declaration and that no copy had been sent yet to the British foreign office Pending receipt of the official note foreign office legal experts were studying all angles of the case lo determine the exact status of Adolf Hitlers former right hand man The soviet statement struck home to the BritisTi particularly because Hess is solely their pris oner He flew to Britain in May 1941 and was held as a prisoner of state THIS lAPKH CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 5 LARGE NIPPON FLEET SEEN OFF SOLOMONS FESTIVAL at Mason City Stores Harvest Festival days arc be ing held at Mason City stores FRIDAY and SATURDAY Oc tober 1617 Its a fall merch andising event featuring spe cial harvest values To know what stores are taking part in this twoday event what ar ticles are being offered and the prices read the Harvest Festival advertisements in your GlobeGazette 1100000 WILL BE DRAFTED BY JAN1HERSHEY Rapid Increase in Induction Rate Is Outlined at Hearing WASHINGTON mil lion one hundred thousand more men will have to Be drafted by Jan 1 Selective Service Director Lewis B Hershey testified Thurs day in support of legislation to draft 18 and IS year olds Most of these he told the house military com mittee will come from he srroup of men having secondary dependents such as parents and those having a wife only The remainder would be men no dependents Hershey estimated that drop ping the minimum draft age from 20 to 18 would make available 1500000 of what is the best our manpower He explained to the committee that after Jan 1 selective service must look for its manpower needs to the teenage group to men em Ployed in agriculture and essen tial industry and to the group having dependents Explaining the rapid increase in the induction rate General Hershey said that during the first six ropnths were at the rateoI aVoutTsiiifOpOO 300000 monthly during the third quarter would be 400000 this month and approximately 450 000 in November and December Military committees ol both houses rushed forward Thurs day with separate hearings on legislation to put uniforms on the 1819 year old class There was a possibility they might be finished by nightfall Advocates of the lower age limit heard in the opening sessions Wednesday included Secretary of War Stimson and General George C Marshall army chief of staff and Admiral Ernest J King commanderinchief of the fleet Their case in brief was this The United States must have the best army in the world The aver age age of American combat forces is rising steadily to n point no longer acceptable to the wjir depnrtment Youngsters with drive clash and bounce are the 18 to 20 year group has what the army wants and what the enemy doesnt Chairman May D Ky of the house committee said he wanted to finish the hearing Thursday Senator Gurney R S au thor of the bill before the senate I group likewise predicted commit approval before nightfall The house hastening to acl on President Roosevelts suggestion to cut the age minimum hoped to reach a final roll call Sat urday The senate however has a S6000000000 naval appro priation to pass and was not expected lo vote on the selective service bill until next week Mayor F H LaGuardia of New York and Norman Thomas so cialist leader topped the senate committees witness list Thursday The house group called Maj Gen Lewis B Hershey selective serv ice director and other army of ficers To many senators and repre sentatives previously bewildered by conflicting reports the most satisfying fruit of Thursdays hearings was definite information on the size ot the army Stripping away the secrecy with which war department had guarded its plans Secretary Stim son disclosed the goal was 7500 000 men by Jan I 1944 an in crease of 3250000 above the 4250000 lie said were now in service General Marshall emphasized that this force would bp an in tegrated army of specialists de signed to keep the war out of the western hemisphere Students to Drag Scrap Metal in Noise Parade EUGENE Ore of Oregon students will hold a noisa parade Saturday night dragging all kinds of scrap through the streets of Eugene to stimulate their campus salvage drive Nazi Counter Drives Are Beaten Back By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Soviet headquarters reported Thursday that the red armies had beaten off five German counter attacks along the 40mile bar rier northwest of Stalingrad while inside the Volga metropo lis the defenders turned back smallscale forays by nazi tanks and riflemen It was the 52nd day of siege German field headquarters citing actual operations inside the city for the first time in five days claimed new gains and asserted that nazi bombers and stuka dive bombers were smashing Russian pillboxes and artillery emplacements if if InStalingrad infantry and panzer formations broke stubborn soviet resistance offered in blocks houses and barricades and ad vanced deeply into the northern district ot the city Enemy attacks of relief were repelled and sanguinary losses in flicted upon the enemy Soviet dispatches said the gi gantic struggle had waned to an almost static situation and report ed that German burial parties were busy clearing the battlefield on the approaches to a northwest suburb ot the great Stalin tank the riazi assault failed to crack the backbone cf Russian defense Battles of local importance army headquar ters announced liftt it was Oerit that for the moment at least the German storm had subsided f In its midday communique the soviet command reported that Russian troops repulsed several tankled attacks on Stalingrads lines overnight and wiped out parts of two German battalions The heaviest fighting apparently still raged on the German left flank above the city where Mar shal Semeon Timoshenko has been slowly driving a series of wedges into the nazi protective barrier Mother and Daughter Are Accepted for Service in WAACs NEW YORK and daughter were accepted for serv ice in the womens army auxiliary corps here Thursday and will leave Saturday for training at Fnrt Des Moines Iowa Mrs Lillian Auerbach 42 and her daughter Irene 21 are the first such team to enlist from New York City The mother is a vet teranof the last war having served as a Yeomanette in the Philadelphia navy yard commun ications division In civilian life she was a private secretary Iowa Woman Seriously Hurt in Sewing Mishap COUNCIL BLUFFS A sewing accident sent Mrs Mar garet Hunt 44 to a hospital where her condition was reported as fair Thursday Mrs Hunt dropped a pair of sharppointed scissors Wednesday The point punctured her foot and cut an artery Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Continued mild temperature Thursday after noon Thursday night and Fri day forenoon IOWA Not much change in tem perature Thursday afternoon through Friday afternoon oc casional light rain in extreme east portion Thursday after noon and in southwest portion latt Thursday night and Friday torcnoon MINNESOTA Not much change in temperature Thursday aft ernoon through Friday fore noon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 70 Minimum Wednesday night 34 At 8 a m Thursday 37 YEAR AGO Maximum B5 Minimum 40 U S ARMY AIR GROUNDFORCES HELP MARINES Reinforcements Arrive in Solomons Are on Many Pacific isles WASHINGTON air force and ground units have re inforced hardpressed U S ma rines in the Solomon islands who are facing an intensified Japanese inoccupation drive Secretary of War Henry L Stimson announced Thursday Stimson made the disclosure al a press conference sayine that all forces there are operat ing under a unified navy com mand Latest official reports from the Solomons particularly at stubbornly held Guadalcanal indicate lhat the inevitable showdown battle for their pos session may be under way Stimson told a press conference that the United States has a sub stantial number of air and ground troops in the south Pacific and that these troops are cur rently participating in the opera tions in the Solomon islands The troops are under the general com mand of Maj Gen Millard F Harmon have army air and grptind troops in New Zealand New Caledonia the New Hebrides and the Fiji islands he con tinued Recently army ground and air units have moved to Guadalcanal to reinforce the marines who seized important positions in the Solomons and are tenaciously holding them agninst vigorous Japanese counterattacks Stimsons disclosure coincided with mounting indications that the Japanese nre preparing for a doordie battle to retake Guadal canal key island of the Solomon group which was taken by marines at the outset of the battle of the Solomons more than two months ago His announcement was the first revelation that army forces arc stationed in New Zealand the Nexv Hebrides and the Fiji is lands Their presence in New Cal edonia was made public several months ago America troops in the south Pacific are under the command of Maj Gen Millard F Harmon His headquarters are in New Zealand but he spends most of his time in New Caledonia Stim son said Air and ground forces of the United States army together With the navy and allied troops are participating in important military operations in many parts of the world he said U S Flyers Damage Battleship and Score Hits on Transports By KOGER GREENE Associated Tress War Editor The United States and Japan were marshalingprobably thengreatest land sea and air forces of the war for a de cisive battle in the Solomon islands Thursday as a vast enemy fleet bore down on Americanheld Guadalcanal island and newlyarrived U S army troops and planes were dis closed to have joined in the struggle A navy bulletin indicated that Japan was sending many of her heaviest units into a huge offensive against the island and that other warships were steaming up despite heavy Josses already inflicted on the invaders The navy said American warplanes blasting at the Japa nese seaborne reinforcements had already damaged one enemy battleship scored three direct hits on an enemy trans port and left two others in flames Four other ships were damaged and 33 planes sltot down in a fourday period covering the preliminary phases ot the latest of fensive the navy said and still the Japanese kept coming Other enemy forces including heavy units have been sighted in the vicinity of Guadalcanal the navy reported tersely There was no indication of the size of American naval or land forces waiting to meet the onslaught but high U S naval quarters expressed confidence that the islands could be held Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobcGazclte carrier boy In Washington Secretary Stim son dislosed that regular Ameri can army troops and planes have arrived in Guadalcanal bolstering the U S marine defenders and are now tenaciously holding against vigorous Japanese coun terattacks These were the first XT S army soldiers reported in combat since the battle of the Philippines Stimson said the regular army forces were substantial in num ber Stimsons good news came amid growing anxiety over the situation in the Solomons as a showdown battle was apparent ly developing on Guadalcanal and U S marines set their guns against Japanese seaborne re inforcements newly landed on the north shore of the island if Heretofore the marines had played a lone hand in combatting Japanese troops who have been slipping ashore in increasing numbers under cover of dark ness Competent observers said the latest Japanese landings on Guad alcanal indicated that the enemy was determined to launch an all out attack to regain the kev air base and the nearby Tulngi iiava station nl any cost v The Jap landings on northern Guadalcanal were reminiscent of of the Japanese tactics in Luzon principal island in the Philippine archipelago when the Nipponese massed large troops in the north for the sweeping operations against Batumi and later Corregi dor The navy announcement that the Japanese have brought up heavy naval units in their appar ently all out effort to drive Ameri cans out of the Solomon islands group attacked the enemy ships cruiser four destroyers and a 5000ton mlnute battle wcst of Savo night of Oct 11 nored considerable enemy losses in the last four days r The enemys losses in the fight f and its preliminary stages were t reported by the nuvy in a com munique as being seven ships in f eluding a battleship damaged and 33 planesshot down destroyed en actions over the airi field on Guadalcanal arid 3s t suit of American attacks on Japanese bases Damage lo American forces t and installations was disclosed to include that done by an un intercepted enemy bomber raid on the airfield at Guadalcanal E and also the loss of two Hunter t planes j The damage done to the Guadal I canal airfield which had previ ously been bombarded by Japa I ncsc warships was not disclosed F nor was there any exact explana E tion as to why American fighters in that one instance had failed to take the iir to repel the attack i A communique following up f Wednesday nights announcement f that the enemy troops on the j strategic island had been heavily reinforced said that United States I reinforcements had been landed f on Oct 13 Guadalcanal time and that although the ships which took them in were attacked by enemy bombers they suffered no damage t and unloading operations were accomplished successfully The Japanese reinforcements were made on the early morning i of Oct 15 which was Wednes f day by Guadalcanal time and the transport force Thursdays communique noted was covered fc not only hy destroyers and cruisers but also by a battle t ship An American aircraft striking I ;