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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 15, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORY AND OtS KOINES HOME EDITION VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 151941 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 5 NAZIS TRY TO TURN MOSCOW FLANK Invaders Swarm Forward Over Own Heaped Reds Claim i i i i i TRADE TREATY SIGNED BY US AND ARGENTINA Psychological Impact of Agreement Believed Great in Hemisphere WASHINGTON and the United States entered a of commercial col laboration Wednesday by virtue of a broad trade pact climaxing the again nego tiations of 72 years The treaty was signed in Buenos Aires Tuesday night by United States Ambassador Norman Arm pur and Argentine Foreign Min ister Ruiz Guinazu It gave Argen tina freer entry into this country of suchstaple productsas canned corned beef hides andwool It as sured the United States of con tmued most favored nation soldier boys treatment in the shipment of au tomobiles refrigerating machin ery and gadgets without number to the rich Agrarian republic to the south However these advantages were considered by close ob servers of Latin American af fairs to be minor in compari son to the psychological impact ot the agreement The very tact that Argentina and the United States had at last reached a mutually satisfactory trade accord was seen as signifi cant since for generations the two republics have stood at the opposite diplomatic poles when Sot actually at loggerheads is a prideful well pr Soldiers Need Licenses to Hunt Yes DBS MOINES The soldiers are back home on furlough Duck hunting season opens Thursday The soldiers want to hunt They dont want to buy a license for their brief stay State officials dont want them to have to buy a license But the law says they must have a license And there you are The problem had the state house in a quandary Wednesday Some time ago Gov George A Wilson asked the conservation commission to try to work out some plan so the soldiers wouldnt have to spend their hardrfiarned dollars for a license The conser vation commission said it would like to but couldnt The law is the law and all that sort of thing That didnt mean the commis sion wasnt in favor of the idea but under the law it just couldnt tell its agents Dont arrest these Hillmon Sees Plane Plants ECnox Says Navy Ready to Put Suns Crews on Cargo Ships as Soon as Congress Approves Declares Method Is Effective Against Subs and Aircraft critical at United States big business meth ods in therest of Latin America States frequently has sought Argentine collaboration but until the present good neigh bor era has sought to impose her own terms Becauseof the abnormal con dition of international trade rela tions there can be no compre hensive appraisal in dollars and cents of trie benefits of pact i President Roosevelt called it a monument to the ways of peace and Secretary of State Hall expressed profound satis faction at its successful con clusion But there was some criticism by those j who contended the treaty would injure the farmers of the agricultural midwest and stockraising west Senator But ler iRNebr declared that pro ducers of beef cattle dairy prod ucts wool and flaxseed were again to be sacrificed under the time worn excuse of a national emer gency JAPSlAYlU DOUBLE DEALING Domei Agency Charges Attitude Hostile While Making Negotiations news agency said Wednesday that well informed Japanese quarters be lieved on further prortraction of current JapaneseAmerican ne gotiations was permissible so long as the United States continues its a hos tile attiude toward Japan on one hand while diplomatically ne gotiating on the other Coincidentally Domei reported from Hsinking that the Japanese controled Manchukuo government and the Mongolian mixed border committee had announced in a joint communique an agreement demarcating the border near Nomonon The Mongolian govern ment maintains close relations with Russia Domei said observers saw indi cations that the United States was taking the leadership in a move to encircle Japan and it is quite doubtful whether the United States is seriously endeavoring for peace in the Pacific Japan would be caught in a trap set by the craft of the United Slates if she should carelessly continue the present negotiations the agency quoted these quarters The governors office was talk ing rather vaguely Thursday about the governor using his par doning power should any fur loughed soldiers happen to get arrested for hunting without a li cense Of course the governor couldnt pardon anyone arrested on a fed eral charge of hunting without a duck stamp So several hundred Iowa mem bers of the 34th division are in Iowa ready to go hunting But there doesnt seem to be any def inite answer to the problem NAZIS PAY BIC TOLLMARSHALL U S General Avoids Making Predictions on Russias Chances WASHINGTON fP General George C Marshall was reported Wednesday to have told a senate subcommittee that the German armies were paying a tremendous price in materiel for the ground gained in the drive on Moscow This information was said to have figured in the testimony which the army chief of staff gave when he appeared Tuesday before the appropriations subcommittee which is considering the new leaselend bill the committee members had questions about the military outlook on the eastern front but Marshall avoided any predic tions on Russias chances tor success in stemming the great nati offensive now in progress On much the same topic how Sidney Hillman right asso ciate director of OPM visits Burbank CaJ airplane plants to inspect defense efforts there Be is pictured above chatting with Robert E Gross left presi dent of the Lockheed Aircraft company Boos evelt that he in the present Russo military situation to Domei said observers pointed out that 49 days had had passed since Prince Premier Ko noye had sent his message to President Roosevelt but that the ever President marked Tuesday nothing German cause him to doubt the success of the United Stales leaselend pro gram The president told his press conference that he had no idea yet whether Russia would require as sistance under the program and would not know until he received the report of W Averell Harri man head of the United States delegation to the recent tripar tite conference in Moscow who is now on his way home While General Marshall re frained from forecasts on the outcome of the current nazi bid for victory in Russia he was re ported to have told the senate committee that those who were evaluating the longrange ef fects of the current campaign found encouragement in the fact that the bitter fighting was using up German war equip ment rapidly In this connection the chief of staff was said to have urged the committee to speed its considera tion of the proposed new appro priation asserting that the ac celeration of American armament production for nations fighting Hitlerism was bound to have its effect in shortening the war The committee also was in formed Tuesday that the soviet union thus far has paid cash for the supplies which President Roosevelt said were being speeded to Russia but the committee mem bers said it was made plain that even if the U S S R ran out of money there would be no break in the flow of materiel WILSON STUDIES SULLIVAN CASE Question of Missing Bullet Presented in Plea for Mans Life DBS MOINES ques tion of a missing bullet which killed Quart Robert Hart during a state penitentiary break was in troducedWednesday as ieja condemned slayeerllffis Sullivan made a tearful plea for his life before Gov George A Wilson Expressing sympathy for the six members of Sullivans family who attended the clemency hear ing and admitting the missing bul let was a new angle to him Governor Wilson said he wouu take the case under advisemen for a few days He added lie had reviewed the case thoroughly andhad not made up his mind The parents of the admitted bank robber Mr and Mrs John Sullivan of Trenton Mo sat si lently through the hearing only an occasional sob breaking th stillness Two sisters of the 30 year oil gunman originally scheduled tu be hanged Sept 12 Mrs Helen Willits and Mrs Vera Shields both of Chariton pleaded with the governor to commute the sen tence to life imprisonment Ev erett Sullivan 32 Corydon whos wife also attended appealed t the executive He is Ivans broth er The Sullivans presented a peti tion they said was signed fay 40 persons living near Chariton an Trenton asking the governor t commute the sentence Hart was slain July 8 1940 when Sullivan and Lowell Haenze who had escaped from FortMadi son penitentiary two weeks ear lier returned and attempted t deliver another convict Haenz received a life sentence lor hi part in the case WASHINGTON said Wednesday that the avy was ready to put guns and un crews on merchant ships as ast as the ships come to us once ongress authorizes such action Knox spoke as the house rules committee granted parliamen tary right of way to legislation lifting the neutrality acts ban against arming the ships Earlier the foreign affairs com mittee approved the proposal Were satisfied now we can get nough guns to arm the ships told a press conference The navy secretary explained rcat while there were not enough uns immediately on hand to arm II ships at once guns would be vailable as rapidly as ships could ie brought into port to receive hem He asserted also that the arm ng of merchantmen was a highly ffective method of protecting hem against both aerial and sub marine raiders He said that had been the icricnce of the British already in his war that armed British cargo ships had shot down a large number of nazi planes and that ubmarines had been placed at a reat disadvantage by being forced to keep under the surface aiher than risk being fired upon by a prospective victim Under the special rule granted for consideration of the the debate will run substance of the negotiations to reexamine the cancer of the Pa cific was still beyond surmise off Defense Savings Stamps for sale SECRETARY KNOX Thursdays session Lemders uld they expected the bouse would pass the repealer well before nightfall of that day Chairman Bloom DN Y of Lhe house fprejgn affaire commit tee estimated on the basis of naval testimony that there were about 1200 ships altogether that would need arms and that it would take about three months to do the job Secretary Knox was askeri what guns might be placed on Ameri can ships and replied that they probably would be 3or 4inch weapons on smaller vessels and 5inch types on larger ones These would equal or outshoot the deck guns of around 3 inches carried on German subs it was said at the navy Some of the guns placed on American ships Knox related probably would be capable of both surface and antiaircraft action Others probably be surface weapons only but would be supplemented bx short range antiaircraft guns such as 50 caliber guns Under international law Knox said an armed merchant ship is subject to attack by a belligerent war vessel but the war vessel stil is responsible for protecting the merchantmans crew In the pres ent war however he said this country is not faced with a ques tion 6t law but what we re deal ing with jjowm this type oLwar Germany is carrying on is sheer piracy Knox said that normally a sub marine attacking an unarmed merchantman would come to the surface and fire its deck gun in order to save torpedoes Instances have been reported in this war he said in which German Uboats came up in the center of unarmed convoys and repeatedly attacked Arming ships lie continued makes this sort of attack Impos sible He said that in this situa tion submarines must remain be low the surface which slows them down from around 18 knots to about 8 knots and also makes them inaccurate in their torpedo firing Similarly Knorc said airplanes are prevented from making very lowflying attacks and in many instances can be shot down German Flanking Moves on Moscow May Put Timoshenko Forces inSerious Position By 1OUIS F KEEMLE Of the United Press War Desk thpiThe GelTlan apparently had reached the peak of then assault on Moscow Wednesday and the decision in one of history s greatest battles wavered in the balance tfcaf th K cannot continue indefinitely so a matter of days Once ARIAS BELIEVES U S HAD HAND IN COUP DETAT Former President of Panama Is Jailed on Returning to Country BULLETIN PANAMA CITY UPJ Dr Arnulfo Arias who was in the hands of the Panama govern ment Wednesday after his re turn from Cuba said in an interview that he believed the United States had a hand in the bloodless coup detat which last Thursday deposed him as presi dent of Panama PANAMA JP Dr Arnulto Anas ousted president ot Panama reached Panama early Wednesday and was locked up in the city jail after surrendering to Panama police in the Canal Zone Five vans filled with police met the special motor railway car in which Dr Arias jour neyed lo the capital from Cris tobal where he had surrendered from aboard the steamer gc falu As the motorcade left the rail way station the ousted president stuck his head out of a window and shouted Viva Panama1 Long live Panama There was just a lone answer Viva Arnulfo but who shoulc it was not identified Dr Arias flew to Cuba on Tuesday Oct 7 Hc claimed h had only gone lo Havana to con suit nev government withtffcardb Adolf de la Guardia as president too the helm in a peaceful cou detat and immediately pledgee cooperation with the United States in defense matters Arias flight had followed by a day liis issuance ol an orde against arming of merchantmcr under the Panama flag The deposed president re turiiinsr voluntarily reached the Canal Zone early Tuesday but it was not until shortly before midnight that he stepped on to the pier at Cristobal to surren der to Rogelio Fabrega new Panama national police chief Earlier the de la Guardia gov ernment had announced it wnuld permit him to take up exile in neighboring Costa Rica Before the government an nouncement that It would allov him to go to Costa Rica a sourc close to the government had sai he might be charged under one o his own laws which fixed si months in prison and a S500 fim as the penalties for an office bold er leaving the country withou permission laim Panzers Roar Ahead our Abreast Boy Sent to Obtain Marriage License for Mother and Man ST JOSEPH Mo Recorder Jack Utz believes he ha found the modem counterpart I the old fashioned mother whosen the children to the store for erything He declined to issue a marriag license to a youngster who to him f want it for mother and th fellow shes going to marry First Labor Strike in West Union History Called by Truckers WEST first labor union organized in West Union in the citys 92 years of existence called a strike Tuesday night The men were sitting outside their cars at the Big Gain stock food plant Wednesday morning as Charles Halverson owner de clined to sign their contract call ing for a higher minimum weekly wage Three truckers and nine mixers constitute the union mem bership being all the employes of the firm The union is local 421 of Truckers and Helpers of A F the scale is turned however posing it is in Germanys favor it may still be weeks before the re duction of the Moscow area is completed and the central Rus sian armies either crushed or driven back toward the Volga If on the oth er hand the crest of the German wave begins to re cede the war on that part of the front will be in a lull for some time KEEMLE Having failed in their supreme ct fort it will be necessary for the Germans to reorganize before at tempting another assault Winter whose arrival the Germans have been trying to beat in this light ning drive may make it impos sible for them to attempt it be fore spring The German drive in the cen ter of their line around Borodino already shows signsof slowing That however is by no means an indication that the tide of battle is turning against them It is more likely that they want to avoid a costly frontal attack on Moscow and its deep outer defenses which are heavily manned by Russians determined to contest every foot of their positions and if Jorccd back to Moscow to fight street by street The operations to watch are those of the northern and south ern flanking armies of the Ger mans advancing in the Kalinin sector on the north and the KalugaTula sector on the south The German design apparently is to cut in east of Moscow from the two directions and encircle the city If the north and south wings meet behind the capital it may be impractic sians to defend it Such encirclement would mean that Marshal Timoshcnkos lorccs cream of the Russian army be trapped west of Mot cow The German center then would throw its full strength into action while the united north and south wings would press forward from behind the capital To avoid snch a trap it would be necessary for Timoshenko to abandon the defense of the capi tal and withdraw toward the Volga to save the bulk of his remaining forces for another stand It would be a last resort forced only by argent necessity because the Russians are deter mined to save Moscow at any except the supreme cost If things come to this pass it is not improbable that Timoshenko would be able to complete the operation Ho has shown himself a brilliant strategist in retreat and escaping encirclement Repeated German claims of having sur rounded his forces and threatened them with annihilation have not been borne out ONE KILLED 2 HURT IN CRASH EAGLE Mersch about 20 was instantly kille Tuesday night near West Bend I an automobile collision Buck Hi and a brother of Mersch were In jurcd and taken to a hospital A were Eagle Grove men and wer enroutc home from West Bend a the time of the accident Pau Mersch was graduated from Eagle Grove high school tw years ago 8 Soldiers Use Taxi for 1200 Mile Trip Home on Furlough DENVER Simulianeou furloughs for 15000 Camp Forres Tenn soldiers swamped rail an bus facilities but eight Denve privates got home to enjoy thci precious leave They just hired a taxi The cabbie C Q Smith of Till lahoma Tenn is enjoying a two week mountain vacation pcndin the 1200mile return trip The transportation will cost th soldiers just a little more tha eight train fares Smith estimate Trucker Uses Monkey Wrench to Kill Wolf CAMP CROWDER Mo f4j wolf came monkeying around iy LeComptcs truck Lylc picked u a monkey wrench and slapped dead BERLIN panzers accd by Stuka divebombers ere reported by nazi uarters to have crashed through ussian defenses in the Kalinin id Tula sectors and to be roaring ur abreast along the highways ithin probably 50 or 60 miles of oscow Official quarters declined lo say aw far beyond Kalinin and Tula Jout 100 miles north and south of oscow respectively the German ncejs operation had carried but her sources indicated that ad ance forces had thrust probably within 50 or 60 miles of the pital at some points Front dispatches claimed that ill important natural obstacles ivers and swamps had been left behind and that only second tring Russian troops were be tween the Germans and Moscow An authorized nazi spokesman uestioned about reports that nited States Ambassador Laur ice A Stcinhardt had left Mos ow said If he is still there it be so much better because lall be delighted to make his ae uaiiUancc Authorized sources reported lat the destruction ot lour Rvis an armies ill the Vyazma and ryansk areas in the hollow cen er of tbc pincers had beer com leted nnd that the number of risoners now totaled well over 00000 Heaviest Russian resistance they said was being encoun tered by the advance panzer spearheads German pilots it was staled could see immedi ately behind these spearheads huge mechanized and motorized columnsponrinj four abreast in some places alone the high ways to the canital German quarters reported that he luttwaffe in the Moscow ol fensivc has to a large extent been replacing heavy howitzers and siege artillery in softening up soviet defenses and smashing Rus ian pillboxes Germnn bombers tlioy added invc also been striking far be lind the Russian front lines blasting railways and highways The battle of pockets in tlic center the pincers nazi in NAZI CHUTISTS WIPED OUT SAY RUSSIAN CHIEFS Red Star Declares Arrays Position Now Most Critical of War By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A fiercely driven new menace to Moscow was acknowledged Wednesday by the red army which declared the Germans were swarming forward over their own hccpcd dead in a mighty attempt to turn the capitals Volga river defense flank near Kalinin 95 miles northwest of Moscow Admitting that the nazi masses of men and steel still surged forward Red Star organ of the soviet army said nevertheless that German parachutists Deck ing a foothold behind the Ilus sian lines had been wiped out and that Moscows grim defend ers had pinched off wedges thrust deep into their lines Some of me parachutists were said to have been trapped behind the Kalinin line where armored units had smashed to tlic ap formants claimed tself to roundin lias P resolved counting and transporting vast numbers n prisoners and quantities of war materials Propaganda company reports claimed that German fortes had crashed through strong soviet de enscs on the narrow isthmus of 3erekop and advanced into tlic Crimea in the south The gate to the Crimea has been smashed and cannot be shut again one dispatch said In furious fighting according lo propaganda company reporters hc Germans smashed ttieir way through line after line of the five mile deep soviet network of anti tank ditches bunkers and barbed wire entanglements protecting the rrinica Fresh Russian tank regiments brought up from the Crimea were unable to stem the German ad vance they reported PEDESTRIAN IS KILXKD CLARINDA Jennie Huddle 53 of St Joseph Mo died here Tuesday night after she was struck by an automobile on highway 71 near Shambaugh Iowa She was walking along the highway Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Fair and warmer Wednesday night Thursday in creasing cloudiness with ligh1 showers by afternoon South west and west winds 20 to 30 miles an hour Thursday IOWA Fair varmer west and north Wednesday night Thurs day increasing cloudiness warmer southeast cooler north west light shower west portion by afternoon Southwest and west winds 2030 M P H Thus day MINNESOTA Partly cloudy and warmer Wednesday night Thursday increasing cloudiness followed by light showers and cooler in afternoon or at night Southwest and west winds 2535 M P H Thursday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday f5 Minimum Tuesday night 40 At 8 a m Wednesday 46 YEAR AGO Maximum S3 Minimum 20 proaches of the city Directly west of Moscow other German forces wore reported in London to have rolled halt way from Vyazma toward the capital and to the south the German press said the munitionsmaluiiR town of Tula 100 miles from Moscow had fallen to the Uglilcn nazi semicircle Red Star declared the red armys position the most critical qf and a highranking neutral observer in mented Hitler Car the first time in two years of war has thrown ev ery available gun and tank inlci one attack If he fails to lake Moscow or destroy the Russian armies in the present drive antl lie well may fail Germany is finished until spring and might well have lost the war Britain under pressure lo cre ate a diversion front in the west battered steadily at western Ger many from tile air and London sources asserted the RAF offen sive was compelling Germany to keep more than 50 per cent of her fighting planes in the west easing the strain on the red air fleet Authoritative informants in London said it was possible that the German drive on Moscow from the northwest already had en gullccl Rzhcv 125 miles from the and that the push past Vyazma apparently had carried as far as Mozhiask UO miles west of Moscow The Russians that the northwestern fighting had moved in to the approaches ot Kalinin on the upper Volga de fense line 35 miles northwest of the capital This said Ked Star nrjan of the soviet army complicates the situation at the front which is now more serious than at any time Moscow is in danger The newspaper declared the Germans were determined to lake the city at any cost hut pledged anew that it would be saved how ever fierce the battle German military spokesmen Raid their forces were squeezing Mos cow tighter but reported strong red army counterattacks at the northern and southern flanks of the front attacks perhaps de signed to relieve the German pres sure on the capital The Russians said to have hurled their heaviest tanks into a powerful counter thrust on the southern flank In the north Ger man spokesmen said the Russians were beaten back after a strong attempt to fight their way across a lake in a nomansland between the battle lines The German high command said Moscow was raided again over night by nazi warplancs Battlefields and roads were covered by slush as a result of autumnal snow flurries and Ger man commentators said that bad weather and poor roads were handicaps in the drive to the cast Tiic official German news ONE said Tula a muni tions and railway center with a population of 150000 was now in German hands Rumors circulated in the German capital that Rzhcv 125 miles northwest ot Moscow and Borodino 70 miles lo the west also had been captured or en circled Russian troops battled savagely to check extension of the German arc of encirclement in the Kalinin ;