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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 14, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY OCTOBER U 19U NO Heavy Hand of War Is on Colleges By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette managing Editor Letter No 42 Oxford more than in the United States war has laid a heavy hand on the college and universi ties of Britain Ive been deep ly conscious of this during the 3 days Ive spent here in this cradle of An gloSaxon high er education With a Mason City boy Capt Harrison Kohl B29S PLASTER FORMOSA BASE general man ager of the London edition of Stars and Stripes Ive strolled through campus called Yanks Slowly Press Deeper Into Aachen HALL the cloistered of Merton college with a continu ous history dating back to 12V4 With Col Lester Dyke and Maj Eddie Anderson Ive eaten in the ancient dining rooms of Worcestei college alma mater of S U I President Virgil M Hancher and Oriel college home of the so called Oxford movement In the latter place portraits o such distinguished alumni and for mer students as Sir Walter Scott Beau Brummell Cecil Rhodes and Cardinal Newman looked down upon me and my dinner compan ions With Capt Kohl Ive had te with Lady and Sir William Sever idge in the masters lodgings o University college The famed au thor of the Beveridge plan is hea THWART NAZIS EFFORT TO AID BESIEGED MEN Doughboys Advance by Usbg Flame Throwers Grenades Machine Guns London S troops rout ng out Germans with fire and explosives pressed deeper into medieval Aachen Saturday in a lousetohpuse battle against strengthening resistance and guns and planes again thwarted naz attempts to reinforce the besieged of University college Through the good offices of President Handier Ive lunched with Mr and Mrs C K Allen at Bhodes house and following my dinner at Worcester sat in on a Rhodes house reception and dance attended by representatives from as many as 25 different countries Mr Allen is secretary of the Rhodes scholarship trust Ive walked the length of Ox fords High street with its ancient stone ivalls separating the various colleges which when lumped to gether constitute the worlds most famous university By many this thoroughfare is regarded as Eng lands one most beautiful street All these things Tye seen jind garrison The Aachen escape gap now was as good as closed an offi cer at the front said But some German reinforce ments possibly had slipped into the burning city and a front dis patch estimated 2000 German were left there fighting bac more desperately now In 5 day an American division has take 1000 prisoners Germans fought as bitterly i Holland Canadians blockadin the escape route for the enemy o Zuid Beveland and Walchercn is lands in the northern Schelde cs tuary were forced on the defei sive To the east in Holland British orces hacked out a gain of more han a mile southeast Overloon n the sector above Aachen but progress was slow 2200 BOMBERS HIT RAILROADS AND INDUSTRIES Duisberg Drenched With Great Concentration in Daylight Assault London fP Great fleets more than 2200 American and British heavy bombers with more than 1100 fighters as escort bat tered at railways and industrial targets in Germany Saturday de livering the main blows to Cologne and Duisberg 35 to 40 miles inside the reichs frontier was drenched with one RUSSIAN ARTILLERY MASSED NEAR caption foithis picture re ceived by radio from Moscow describes it as showing Russian artillery on the firing line southwest of Shavli in the Memel area Rigas Fall Releases 2 Red Armies for Drive on Prussia Moscow of Riga Latvian capital and last Baltic city that remained to the Germans released 2 powerful Russian armies Saturday for a thrust southward felt an OJeforid an Ox ford accent But they have I think given me an idea at leastin broac outline of the nature of this great institution My visit here came a week or two before the beginning of the regular school year Students quite largely were youngsters in uni form mostly that oE the RAF get ting special technological training One of the colleges was occupied by Wrens similar to our WACs regular university the enemy lost 81 tanks and 3D fighter planes A reckless attempt by the Ger mans to push a force through a halfmile wide gap in Hodges Doughboys using flame throw1 lines surrounding the city was ers grenades and machine guns ripped apartby American bombs advanced slowly but steadily in Aachen An attack on the north east had narrowed the lane from the city Field artillery and planes hit repeatedly at German and shells near Wurselen 3 miles north Aachen The German force attempting to relieve the nazis inside Aachen was driven back before it reached the U S in f6rcementstrying rhbve in fahtry outposts from the east and preventedany The Berlin ra major counterattack to relieve Aachen that 5000 Americans had been slain arid 14000 wounded or taken pris for Aachen hours Front line reports from allied sources however said the U S Eightyfour German tanks had oner in the battle been knocked out in 48 through Friday Germans in Aachen had to be first army had suffered only slight squeezed from pillboxes and dug casualties and that enemy resist from wells and cellars of r houses Four miles north of Aachen tankreinforced Germans threw in stronger pressure but several and WAVES When the counterattacks were by allied planes and dispersed artillery ance was collapsing under the as sault One German tank division was being rushed from the Arnhem sector in the Netherlands to join the battle year gets under way the student body will be made up quite large ly of youths not physically quali fied for military service with a limited few ablebodied boys as signed here for certain types of specialized training Oxford in this war as in the last has a proud record Her stu dents and alumni are to be found wherever there is danger The ad ministrative and teaching staffs have been reduced to a mere skeleton In centuries past the 21 col leges for men and 4 colleges for women pretty much stood on their own feet There was a large meas ure of selfcontainment within the of the individual college But in modern times the trend has been in the direction of integ ration and submergence instruc tionally at least of the colleges to the university authority Common laboratories and lecture halls and an interchange of tutors and lec tures have become the rule The colleges today are funda mentally living dormitories with more than a little of the fraternity spirit thrown in University authorities concern themslves with the overall cur riculum while college authorities have a primary concern in the mental and moral welfare of thei own students A few American notably Harvard Yale anc Swarthmore Swarthmore and been patiently in fluenced by the Oxford pattern but more of our institutions in cluding our great middlewestern slate universities have been held more closely to the continental pattern of higher education APPEAL FOR BLANKETS DCS Moines shortage of wool blankets used for hot packs in treating poliomyelitis has been reported by W W Coburn Polk county hospital trustee who said Friday that Broadlawns contag ious hospital as well as the polio patients would greatly appreci ate a public response to his ap peal for blankets Doughboys in this sector between j Aachen and Bardenberg Amoved forward slowly against stubborn defenses including mobile guns and tanks Southeast of Aachen the allied communique reported progress near Germeter 12 miles from I Aachen and 1 mile soiilhwest of Hurtgen town to regain ground I lost earlier to a strong enemy ounterassault In Holland rought up assault guns and 75 retired farmer and stockbuyer anks below Bergen Op Zoom in member the legisia n apparent allout attempt to died at his home here Satur escue forces traed on the L j He had been sick ose in intensity and Canadians lolding the spit of land running o the islands lost the initiative at least temporarily HUMEJ5DIES AT ST ANSGAR Formerly Served 3 Terms in Legislature the Germans St H Hume since Sunday when he suffered a stroke He was born here and lived here all his life and had long been ac Troops thai landed on the south m s bank of the Schelde river mean while hit south another 2000 yards more than a mile and now I jnnn frrm the National bank at vauous tunes mayor member of the council member of the school board county supervisor and cashier of toward East Prussia On the red armys southern flank silence cloaked decisive op erations in Hungary The soviet drive in Hungary now may be compared to opera tions last year in Italy during which Gen Sir Bernard L Mont gomerys British 8th army marched up the Italian peninsula for 6 days after crossing the Mes sina strait is recalled that the British landed on the mainland at dawn Sept 3 same day that Marshal Pietro Badoglios emis saries signed an armistice Until evening of Sept 8 British troops officially regarded the Italians as enemy belligerents but day after day were amazed by largescale desertions and even active help Badoglios staff officers claimed later that if the allies had taken them into their confidence and had disclosed the time of the arm istice announcement well in adr vance instead of the night of Sept 7 a coordinated trrp could have been sprung against the Ger mans Capture of the Baltic port was announced Friday night by Mar shal Stalin A city of 385000 it fell to the troops of Gen Andrei Yeremcnkos 2nd Baltic army and those of Gen Ivan Maslcnnikovs 3rd Baltic army Several distinguished visitors to Moscow heard the victory salute of 24 salvos from 324 of the capi als guns Prime Minister Churchill and Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden of Britain Field Marshal Sir Alan Francis Brooke chief of the British imperial staff and Polish Prime Minister Stanis law Mikolajczyk Although the Russian com munique said nothing of a direct attack on German soil in East Prussia Berlin reported massed Deadline on Oversea Pack On Monday Postmaster A M Schanke an nounced Saturday that an order las been received from the post office department postponing the deadline on Christmas packages for service men and women over seas to the close of the usual business day Monday Oct 16 It will therefore be possible the postmaster said to mail Christmas parcels at the Mason City postof fice up to oclock Monday evening K were only 4000 yards from join ing other Canadians bridgehead over the canal holding Leopold ALLIES CAPTURE CORFU ISLAND Garrison of Only 60 Quickly Surrenders Rome troops have captured the fertile Greek island of Corfu in the Ionian sea after the German garrison of only 60 men surrendered without firing a shot it was announced Satur day At the same time Albanian partisans on the mainland occu pied Delvino an inland road cen ter above the port of Sarande Porto Edda which previously was captured The fall of Corfu Sarande and Delvino eliminated both the Al banian coastal road and coastal waters as avenues of nazi escape northward from Greece The com paratively light opposition en countered in the area indicated that the nazis no longer attached high value to these routes Earlier it had been reported that the Germans had garrisoned Corfu with a regiment of troops The island is approximately 38 miles long with a width varying Prowler Left Poison Iowa Man Victim Atlanlic Holldorf 44 died Saturday of what Sheriff Harry Jordan said was poison placed in sugar by a prowler at the home where Holldorf lived Two other persons who ate the sugar were stricken but are re covering the sheriff said Holldorf former filling station operator at Lewis Iowa and his wife lived at the farm home of his brotherinlaw and sister Mr and Mrs Pete Eisel The sheriff said the prowler entered the Eisel house last Sat urday while all members of the household were away When members of the family returned they noticed a white powder had been mixed in a jar of peaches and a bottle of catsup These were thrown away A door which had been closed when the family left was open when the family re turned the sheriff said Sunday the household used sug ar on breakfast food and Holl UUlSUCrg WUk Ulcllultcu 1HI 1 i of the latest concentrations Mrs Eisel be RAF I University of Iowa laboratory and Halifaxes dropped I disclosed there was arsenic in the more than 4500 tons of explosives and incendiaries on the railways inland port and industries there Another armada of more than 1000 U S heavy bombers struck Uve had becn uncovered at railways freight yards and other objectives atCologne 20 miles to the south Still other for mations of Flying Fortresses and Liberators bombed military objec tives in the Saarbrucken and Kaiserslautern areas First reports indicated that great damage must have been done at Duisberg an air ministry communique said Fourteen Brit ish bombers were lost The American planes hit 5 freight yards at Cologne less than 8 hours after British Mosquitos gave it a softening up blow Fri day night Cologne lies less than 40 miles east of Aachen on the road to Berlin Verystrongforces of 8th air j force Thunderbolts and Mustangs probably numbering between 750 and 1000 escorted the bombers to and from the targets Saarbrucken and Kaiserslau tern in the heart of the Saar val ley also are important western front rail centers Before noon the German radio reported allied bombers over northwestern Germany and Aus tria At the same time the nazi radio the sheriff said Mrs Holl did not use sugar and was not stricken tl Jordan said identity of the prowler nor mo RAID HEAVIEST EVER REPORTED BY SUPERFORTS Lash Okayama Most Important Air Target South of Japan Proper Washington greatest umber of B29 Superfortresses ever has attacked Japans ar machine Saturday plastered kayama important Japanese re pair base on Formosa A communique of the 20lh omber command announcing the aid said none of the big aircraft vas reported lost Reports of crews returning to neir bases in China indicated hat the attack launched in clear veathcr over the target was suc essful The communique called Okayama the most important air target south of Japan proper The text of Communique No 14 A large task force of B23 Superfortresses of the 20th bomb er command Saturday attacked Okayama on the island of For mosa Okayama is a vital Japanese ICAFE BURNS AT IHANLONTOWN Residents on 2nd Floor Flee in Night Clothes causing a loss estimated at 53000 destroyed the Miller cafe here at 9 a m Satur day The cafe is operated by Mrs Maurice Russell who suffered a severely lacerated hand in trying to remove kitchenware Mrs ClarenceBasgali sister of Mrs Hussell and the formers daughter Carolyn who occupied an apartment above the cafe lost all their clothing and furniture and fled from the burning build ing in their night clothes Mrs Arthur Miller mother of Mrs Russell and Mrs Basgall was removed from the building by a Gamble Robinson fruit truck driver said to be from Ma son City The 2story frame structure said a new type plane known as completely destroyed in spite blitz fighters soon will be used1 against allied air attacks and will change the face of aerial warfare of efforts of fire departments from Manly and Mason City in addition to the Hanlontown de partmentArolunteer firemen from Fertile and Joice also responded to the call A blacksmith shop next door to I the cafe also caught fire but the firemen succeeded in saving the building The Cooperative ware house across the street was also saved after it became ignited Electricity in the town was cut off and poles in the area of the blaze were burned down As a matter of precaution the furniture was removed from the Henry Bradford residence near the burn Eichendorf 55 of the thirteenth ing cafe EICHENDORF OF MCGREGOR DIES i 3th District Judge Served in World War I McGregor W L I Jichendorf 55 of the thirteenth Iowa judicial district died at his Reports from Hanlontown short home here Saturday He had been ly before noon stated the fire ori in failing health for a year and ginated in an upstairs room from had returned a short time ago defective wiring The loss is par from 6 weeks in a hospital at tially covered by insurance repair base and supply depot and is considered the most important air target south of Japan proper The mission was carried out from bases in China The weather over the target was good and visual bombing was accomplished Eyewitness re ports of returning crews indicate successful attack On this mis on a larger number of Super rtresses was engaged than on y previous attack No report is yet available on emy opposition but none of ur aircraft so far has been re orted lost This largest attack yet by the uperfortresses followed on the eels of the carrierborne air raft attack on Formosa Because Formosa is much clos r than the target of some of the arlier Superfortress attacks on Cyushu it was presumed the ant bombers each carried a much eavier load of explosives than n the longer missions Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Americans in France gained ground in the Moselotte river bend southeast of Epirial despite heavy resistance and struck over rugged terrain to near Cornimont 22 miles from Epinal the headquar ters bulletin said Pressure was maintained from 3 sides on the town of Le Thillot 15 miles above Belfort Elsewhere in the Vosges foothills there was vigorous patroling and artillery fire the communique added British broadcast heard by OWI said Germans in the French ports of La Rochelle La Palisse St Nazaire and Royan were being supplied by air It estimated the number of troops in these ports at 60000 Allied lighters and fighterbomb ers ranged the whole northern enc of the front in effective suppor of ground troops Both sides were increasing pressure all along the western front and especially in the Aachen ea Divcbombing American Thun derbolts and Lightnings paved th way for the entry of Lt Gen Courtney E Hodges infantry int the German frontier city Friday Mr Hume served as representa tive to the legislature from this istrict for 3 terms He was long rominent in affairs of the Ma onic lodge Funeral services will be held ucsday at 2 p m at the home he Rev Milton Nothdurft pastor f the Methodist church officiat ng Surviving are the widow 2 laughters and a son In 48 hours of bitter air and ar mored combat in the Aachen area 36 U S Bombers 12 righters Missing After Assault on Oil Plant Rome Thirtysix heavy bombers and 12 fighters of the U S 15th air force were reported missing Saturday from raids on the Blechhamer South oil refin ery 75 miles southeast of Bres lau in German Silesia and com munications and factory targets in the Vienna area The big Fly ing Fortresses and Liberators with their fighter escort encountered terrific antiaircraft barrages over the targets in Germany and Aus tria but others hitting at enemy installations in Hungary met only moderate opposition soviet tank assaults on the East Prussian garrison at the port of Memel and alargescale red army attack across the Narew river in northern Poland on the lower side of East Prussia While the Riga battle was in proirress the Germans attempted an amphibious strike from the sea at FalanRa on the Baltic coast in western Lithuania 11 miles above Alemel but the Russian communi que said red army planes and ar tillerymen sang 4 of 24 barges in which the enemy approached The communique said hundreds of Germans xvere killed or drowned This strike from the sea ap peared to be a German attempt to relieve between 10 and 15 naz divisions cut off in western Latvia last Tuesday when Gen Ivan Bagramians first Baltic army drove a wedge to the sea just north of Memel Wife of Iowa Legion Commander Is Dead rom 3 to 20 miles It has an area of 275 square miles and a popu ation of 105000 Allied headquarters announced that on Savande delayed action explosives left by the Germans slew up the center of the town but there were no casualties The capture of Sarande which the nazis had been using as a supply base cut off the German garrison on Corfu Allied headquarters once again was silent on the conlinuing oper ations of British land forces and partisans on the Greek mainland The light column which marched across the Peloponnesus from Pa trai last was reported at Corinth There still was no official con firmation of Fridays reports tha the Germans had evacuated Athens and that the Greek flag was flying from the Acropolis Large Brazilian Force Reaches Italian Front Rome iP A further large contingent of the Brazilian expedi i r ti Rochester Minn MEETS FENCE STRADDLER Albany N Y Hubei eceived a law degree at the UniI Jolly wrote that while engage of Iowa in 1912 Eichendorf in the capture of a French tow he met a resident holding veteran of the 1 American flag in one hand and first World war and afterward German flag in the other Born in McGregor and a grad uate of the local high school he resumed his practice here Eichendorf became a district udge in 1926 and served the thir eenlh district continuously since Surviving arc his widow and a daughter Services will be held Sunday afternoon at the homc was sure which side had won Buy your War Bonds an Stamps from your GlobeGazct carrier hoy Dcnison services will be conducted Saturday for Mrs Hugo P Saggau wife of the commander of the Iowa depart ment of the American Legion Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy tionary force has arrived in the Italian battle zone The first Bra zilian air force contingent made up of pilots ground crewmen and ground troops were included in the convoy The size of the rein forcements is a military secret but it was learned that the total Accidental Death Verdict Returned by Webster City jury Webster City verdict of accidental death has becn re turned by a coroners jury which investigated the death of Mrs Jessie J Riles 21 who died Sunday from injuries suffered the previous Friday when struck by an automobile on highway GO The jury Friday afternoon ex onerated Wayne Cramer of Kam rar whose car was said to have run over the young woman of any blame in the accident Cor Brazilian force in Italy is than doubled oner M B Gallaway said testi mony of other witnesses indi cated Mrs Riles had fainted and I Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Saturday nig and Sunday cooler Saturd night moderate temperatur Sunday Iowa Fair Saturday night and Sunday Cooler Saturday night Moderate temperatures Sunday Minnesota Fair Saturday night and Sunday Cooler cast nnd south and continued cool north west portion Saturday night Continued cool Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 11 Minimum Friday night 38 At 8 a m Saturday 40 leport New Attacks 7rom Carrier Craft Pearl Harbor UR American B29 Superfortresses joining the 11out offensive to knock out de enses protecting the invasion marked Philippines blasted burri ng Formosa Saturday on the leels of carrier planes which de stroyed or damaged 227 enemy ships and 530 planes in 4 days of raids on Japans inner bases A Japanese communique said the Superfortress raid was carried out by about 100 B20s and fol lowed 2 new attacks earlier Sat urday by 450 carrierbased planes The enemy communique broadcast by Tokyo radio and re corded by FCC said the B29s were repulsed almost without dropping any An announcement at the war department in Washington by Gen H H Arnold commanding general of the 20th air force said more I fallen on the road shortly before I I being struck by Cramers car I YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 58 32 08 large force of the huge 4 engined bombers attacked mili ary targets on Formosa Saturday jut gave neither the size of the orce nor the specific targets It said further details would be re vealed as soon as they are avail able The Superfortress raid carried into the 5th day a SUSTAINED CAMPAIGN that smashed Japa nese defenses from the Ryukyu islands within 200 miles of their homeland through Formosa and the Pescadores to Luzon the heart of the Philippines In the first 4 days of the offen sive Vice Adm Marc A Mitsch F1NAL FINAL 1 FINAL Iowa Illinois la Seahawks B PurdueEl Ohio State Wisconsin Navy Duke FINAL 1 FINAL Notre Dame Dartmouth ;