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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 13, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ttMftTHENT MISTtA AflCKI Dt8 I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION mm VOL LIT AnocUtod and United full WITH ffivm Crate a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY OCTOBER 13 1947 No 3 One Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mum City cma UM o m WliCX La Crone Sunday m WIAD Qilncr Tauter I m WOI Ames Tuesday a m wstlt Im CUT Tinnaaj utM t m The Deeper Meaning of Press Freedom TN the first week of this month designated as National News paper Week we heard a good deal about that precious thing known as Freedom of the Press The subject was approached from just about every possible angle And yet Im not safe that it was made sufficiently clear that freedom of the press is not an end or an entity unto itself It stems from andis based upon bedrock principle in the fabric of our representative democracy My allusion here is THE EIGHT OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE TO KNOW THE TRUTH Theres a freedom to print the truth or even that which is not the truth because of our American recognition of this fundamental right residing in our people BRACKETED with freedom of the press and deriving their authority from the 1st amend ment in our American bill of rights are 2 other dom of religion and freedom of speech The amendment reads Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of re ligion or prohibiting the free ex ercise thereof or abridging the freedom of speech or of the press Academic freedom which gives education its right to seek and re port truth wherever it may be found likewise has its deepest tap root in this allimportant opening guarantee in the bill of rights PROBABLY no other feature of the American way of life is more distinguished than the free doms and rights growing out of this sentence Ive quoted from our constitution In no other land are citizens thus privileged Britain from which we borrowed heavily in fashioning our government offers the closest approach But even there and particularly in matters to press free dom there arerestraints not met up with in America HOW important freedom of the press is as a guarantee of lib erty for the people of a nation is patent in the fact that gagging newspapers is invariably the first step taken by a dictator or a wouldbe dictator It was true in Japan it was true in Italy it was true in Germany In Argentina at present Feron is in the process of cutting down on the limited freedom hitherto enjoyed by the Argentine news papers The obvious fact is that totali tarianism just cant take root and prosper in a climate where the people can know the truth Crush ing the free press must precede the subjugation of courts and the other things that happen when a dictator takes over IN this connection it is interest ing toobserve the current ef fort of the American Society of Newspaper editors to gain con sideration from the United Na tions for its program looking to a free press throughout the world The sponsors of the proposal are realists They recognize that there are many countries in the world which are not ready for a free press Where people cannot read or write a free press wouldnt have any great mean ing And there was the further ognition that a United Nations ordinance for a universal free press wouldnt change the situa tion in Russia and her satellite nations where a free press is re garded as one wholly subservient to the communist party CONFRONTED with this situa v tion the sponsors of the free press proposal had these 2 pos sible courses of action 1 They could take a watered down version of their free press so meaningless that it would be acceptable to all 56 members of UN including Rus sia 2 They could hold to the American concept of press free dom and let the matter be worked out by bilatcral treaties between those nations which share our ideals Their preference was for the latter course of plan with no compromise AS matters stand today in our world these free press bi lateral pacts will probably be pretty much confined to the Eng lishspeaking nations and the countries which make up Scan dinavia Within the foreseeable future however theres more than a hope that France Italy Japan and per haps China can be brought into the fold maybe this is just a principle of a free press can be expanded to in clude every nation even Russia with journalists and radio report CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 SEEK CHANGE IN FOODLESS DAYS Murray Asks AFL Support in Politics Boston UR CIO Presiden Philip Murray appealed to the AFL convention in San Francisco Monday to join with the CIO and Railroad Brotherhoods in an im mediate joint program for political action Murrays appeal was read from the platform at the opening ses sion of the CIOs own 9th annual convention Concluding his summary of the CIO program for the past year Murray told the more than 60 CIO delegates that he wanted to send a message to AFL President William Green In it he said the AFL CIO and railway unions had coinmoi enemies which never before hac worked so vigorously againsl them Enactment of the TaftHartley act he said showed the strength of those enemies Conceding that there were dif ferences between the AFL and CIO over organic unity Murray expressed confidence that struc tural disagreements could be ironed out but said those differ ences should not be allowed to de lay common political action Recalling that the CIO had previously proposed a joint pro gram of political action he said the organization now urged that concrete steps be taken to form an immediate joint program for effective political action on the local state and national level At San Francisco the AFL al ready has set up its own political action group independent of the CIO Murray urged the convention to go on record in support of the United Nations committee report on Palestine and tocall for the United States to take the lead in winning UN adoption of the re port The Catholic archbishop of Bos ton opened the convention with an implied attack on the TaftHartley act on the grounds that labor could set its own house in order Sheriff Says Trusties Are Allowed Out Des Moines How ard C Reppert said Monday that he has been permitting county jail trusties to come and go at will so long as they are on legitimate county business and return to the jail when the business is com pleted Keppert made the disclosure as a county grand jury was sched uled to begin an investigation of the Saturday night absence of Pet er A Rand former Des Monies night club operator Rand is serving a oneyear gambling sentence and has an nounced he went to his home to get some ingredients for a cake he was baking Since the Saturday night episode Reppert has can celled Rands status as a trusty and removed him from his post as jail cook Reppert said Monday that trus ties are allowed a reasonable length of time to complete the county business they are on but always must be back before lights out time about 10 p m Injuries Prove Fatal to Man in Car Mishap Council Bluffs Injuries suffered when his car left the road just east of Council Bluffs Thurs day have proved fatal to Ebbe James Berg 75 Chicago County Coroner H Stanley Woodring attributed the accident to a probable heart attack Bergs car rolled off the road and over turned for no apparent reason He died Sunday Prize Offered for Trapping 100 Rats Flint Mich UR Any man with a better rat trap stood a chance to make some money Mon day even if the world wont beat a path to his door For purposes of aiding the na tional food conservation program the army and navy union offered a prize to the first person in the United States to capture 100 rats AP Wircphoto SNAKE CULT Nolan 12 shows her healed hand in a meeting of Holiness Faith Healers staged near Harlan Ky Sunday Fay was bitten by a snake 3 weeks ago Grouped around Fay are Brothers handling snakes and one holds a blowtorch used in the ceremony US CONSULATE RIPPED BY BOMB Woman Hurt in Attack on Jerusalem Building Jerusalem bomb attack was made on the United States consulate here Monday amid un confirmed reports that Syrian troopswere encamped uear Pales tines A single person believed by po lice to be a woman walked down a footpath of the deadend street to the consulate garden heaved the bomb over the compound wall and walked away The explosion destroyed the of fice entrance door cracked the roof shattered windows and frames and injured 2 women em ployes The women injured were Mrs Ethel de Levie about 35 an American citizen of Providence R L who was slightly cut on the nose by broke glass and Mrs Mir iam Pilpel a Palestinian worker in the mail room who suffered shock and hysteria Other workers and officers including 17 Amer icans remained at their jobs Consul General Robert B Mac Atee of Front Royal Va wasflut officeat the time The attack was the 3rd recent y on the consulates of nations avoring the partition of Pales ine into Arab and Jewish coun xies as recommended by the ma ority report of the United Nations special committee on Palestine The doorway of the Polish consu ate was blown in Sunday night A bomb damaged the front of the Swedish consulate Sept 27 Arab nations havedenounced the par tition J e w i s h sources said well equipped Syrian troops were en camped near the Palestine border opposite an area of Jewish agri culture settlements but there was no official confirmation One British spokesman said icwever that if the report was true the Syrian troop movement jrobably was the firststep on he part of the Arab states to show hey will fill the vacuum and take over the Holy Land when the Bfit sh move out Observers were inclined to at jibute the bombing to an at empted reprisal fo rthe U S de cision to support partition of Pal estine into separate Jewish and Arab countries which was an nounced Saturday in the United Nations special Palestine commit tee Harlan Ky lers from 5 states met near here Sunday and staged a lawdefying stand to pay tribute to 12 year old Fay Nolan who survived a recent snake bite on her hand without medical attention About 50 snake handlers mem bers of the Holiness Faith Healers exhausted their repertoire before an audience estimated at 3000 unbelievers Bruce Temple editor of the Har lan Enterprise provided a graphic account of the proceedings Tem SAME Black flat means traffic death In past 24 hourt LOOK INS IDE Nursing Service Aid to Community Health See page AFL Plans Fund to Fight Labor Law See page 2 DiMarco Stars as Iowa Beats Indiana See Page 11 Waterloo to Entertain Legion Fall Conference See Page 7 pie said the snakehandlers dusted their lips with what they said was strychnine prayed and sang and administered a tonguelashing to unbelievers When the assembly reached fever pitch Temple related about 20 and copper heads confined in re leased and all the cultists handled them at one time or another Tem ple said Temple said no one apparently was bitten 3 American Castaways Fbund After 19 Days Adrift at Sea Rescued on Group of Minesweepers Cut Loose From Tug in Pacific Pearl Harbor Amer ican castaways were transferred to the navy patrol craft 881 at a m Monday a m EST ending 19 days adrift in the remote Pacific on a group of powerless minesweepers The Hawaiian sea frontier which announced the rescue Said the men were aboard 2 of the 4 minesweepers on which they drifted away from the vicinity of Palmyra atoll Sept 24 The rescued men said the other 2 had sunk Oct 1 The men apparently in the best of health despite their long ordeal by sea were William B Hopkins of Washington D C and Leonard Metts and Horace Crosby both of Charleston S Car The rescue craft reported they did not need medical attention They vere sighted from the air Saturday about 440 miles north east of Palmyra and planes had kept them under surveillance un til the surface vessel arrived The misadventure began when the tug Edward M Grimm which was towing the 4 85foot sweepers from Charleston to Manila ran out of fuel after bucking head winds in the eastern Pacific The tug had to cut the tow loose and limp into Palmyra Returning it was unable to locate the sweep ers and finally enlisted aid of the navy and air force A faint radio signal from an emergency set aboard one of the sweepers eventually led to dis covery of the missing men Standard Oil Boosts Tank Wagon Prices on Gasoline and Oils Chicago Oil of Indiana Monday put increases of onetenth of fourtenths cents a gallon on tank wagon prices of its gasoline and other petroleum pro ducts to compensate for freight rate increases A company spokesman said that the increases would be ona sliding scale based on the distance of the consumers from the MidContinent oil fields in Oklahoma and Texas and were effective Monday Products the company specified as affected were gasoline naphthas refined oils tractor fuels and dis tillates British General Dies London Sir Ian Ham ilton 94 inspectorgeneral of Britains overseas forces in the first World war and commander of the illfated Dardanelles expe ditionary force in 1915 died at his home here Sunday RDSS DEFEATED IN UN VOTE ON GREECE OUSTER Reds Deny Comintern Revived in Session on British U S Troops Lake Success N Y United Nations general assembly overwhelmingly rejected Russias proposal for ousting American and British troops from Greece Mon day at a turbulent session marked by soviet denials that the Comin tern has been revived Fighting a foredoomed fight in the diplomatic duel of the Bal kans Soviet Deputy Foreign Min ister Andrei Vishinsky took the occasion to denounce reports of a revival of the Comintern as a night mare inspired by inordi nate fears He defended the new communist information bureau at Belgrade and said in effect that it was nothing compared to what the old Comintern used to be Vishinskys remarks constituted the first official soviet defense of the 9nation communist organ created this month prefaced a series of ballots in which the com mittee majority scrapped the so viet proposals for settling the bit ter Balkans dispute The United States responded with a sudden and bitter attack on the soviet unions 7yearold absorption of the 3 Balkan coun tries Herschel V Johnson of the United Slates replying to Vishin skys closing arguments about the cause of trouble in the Balkans said that Russia deserved great tribute for the way it has kept peace in Estonia Latvia and Lith uania Nobody ever hears of any trouble there Johnson snapped British Minister of State Hec tor McNeil and Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitri Manuilski once the leader of the officiallydis solved comintern also joined in the sudden flareup over the meet ing of communist party chieftains in Poland When things quieted down and Chairman Joseph Been of Luxem bourg pushed the committee to a vote the western powers succeed ed in rounding out their victory in the assembly Balkans debate They won thefirst round last week when the committee set up a watchdog commission for the Balkans The final round ended Monday in a flurry of votes which rejected Vishinskys proposal for having the UN withdraw American and British military personnel from Greece and at the same time su pervise the use of foreign aid to Greece The first part of the long soviet resolution which found the pres ent Greek government and for eign interference to blame for the bad blood in the Balkans was voted down 39 to 7 with 10 coun tries abstaining from the vote and one absent Ask Power Boost Waterloo Radio station KWWL which will begin operating Nov 1 has applied to the federal communications commission for permission to raise the power of the station from 1000 to 5000 watts and time of operation from daytime only to unlimited time Station Manager Ralph J McElray has announced Fires Destroy Buildings in 2 Iowa Cities By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Fires gutted buildings at Bur lington and Fort Dodge over the weekend leaving one man dead and damage estimated at between and in their wake The body of Harold C Herman 30 a member of the Burlington fire department was recovered from the basement of the Burling ton Fruit Company at about p m Sunday after fire had swept the building early Sunday morning Fire Chief W M Middlemann said Herman apparently died when he lost his way in the smoke filled basement Approximately 6 feet of water which had settled in the basement during the 8 hours that firemen battled the blaze had to be pumped out be fore Hermans body could be found L A Wagner president of the wholesale fruit company estima ted the damage at He said he and company employes had managed to remove the safe considerable cash and office sup plies from the office of the build ing At Fort Dodge damage esti mated at between and was caused by a blaze that gutted the Elgin Paper and Supply Company and swept into the adjoining Fort Dodge Nash Co Saturday night The fire had gained consider able headway when discovered and when firemen arrived flames had broken through windows and were eating their way through the wood roof of the paper com pany Fourteen cars in the Nash company garage were damaged by the flames and new equipment in the auto service shop also was badly harmed A W Westernman president of the firm estimated his damage at partly covered by insurance Weatker Report FORECAST Mason City Not so cool Mon day night Fair mild and windy Tuesday with increasing cloudi ness Tuesday night Good chance for showers Tuesday night Low Monday night 4045 High Tuesday 7580 Iowa Fair Monday night and somewhat cooler east portion but not quite so cool north cen tral portion near the Minnesota border Tuesday fair mild and windy followed by cloudy skies Tuesday night with a few light showers west Fair Wednesday and Thursday Temperatures continuing well above normal Temperatures Tuesday will range from average lows oJ 40 to average highs of76 north east and 45 to 82 southwest On Wednesday from 46 to 76 north east to 52 to 74 southwest Minnesota Fair and mild Mon day night southerly winds 20 to 30 MPH Tuesday IN MASON CITY Globe Gazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 66 Minimum 34 At 8 a m Monday 42 Precipitation Frost YEAR AGO Maximum 45 Minimum 32 GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 3 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 78 Minimum 57 At 8 a rn Sunday 59 Precipitation 10 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 42 28 AP Wircphoto MULE TAKES DEATIf White of Pelzer S Car looks at the wreckage caused when Milford King Pelzer S Car crashed into 2 mules Saturday night near Pel zer S Car One of the mules is shown in the rear seat of the car where it was catapulted during the accident Both mules were killed King escaped injury Bloomington III Man Heads Inland Press Chicago M Bunting general manager of the Blooming on 111 Pantagraph Monday was chosen president of the Inland Daily Press Association succeed ng Franklin D Schurz business manager of the South Bend Ind Tribune Other officers elected included as directors Walter W White publisher Lincoln Nebr Star and R E Shannon publisher Wash ington Iowa Journal Rebury Iowa G I Washington body of Pvt Charles S Bolar of Ottumwa Iowa originally buried as an un known soldier in the Camp ODon nell prisoner of war cemetery on Luzon Philippine Islands has been reburied in the U S armed forces cemetery at Manila the army has announced CAFE INDUSTRY WILL ASK FOR MODIFICATIONS Restaurant Spokesman Indicates Proposal to Use Meat ByProducts Washington nations restaurant industry agreed Mon day to ask President Trumans FoodSaving Citizens committee to modify its demand for meat less and poultryless days in the nations 120000 restaurants Robert J Wilson secretary of the national restaurant industry advisory committee said the in dustry will cooperate in the overall drive to save an extra 100000000 bushels of grain for Europe But he said some modifi cations in the program were ne cessary to prevent individual in justices He said the request for modifi cation would be discussed with Food Committee Chairman CHarles Luckman at a meeting Monday afternoon Wilson declined to say exactly what changes the restaurant peo ple will request He indicated however they would like to use wieners sweet breads and other meat bypro ducts on meatless Tuesdays and to use eggs in the preparation of other foods on poultryless Thurs days The restaurants also want to put greater emphasis on longer range food saving steps such as improved sanitation Wilson said much less food is wasted in a clean restaurant Wilson also disclosed that the restaurant people and the food committee are working on a con servation emblem to be displayed by public eating places cooperat ing inthe drive Those which did not comply could not display the emblem thus focusing public opinion on such establishments The decision br the restaurant people came as the food drive bumped into a union threat to ob tain a court injunction to prevent a 60 day whiskeymaking holi day The distillery workers union raised its threat as Charles Luck man chairman of the presidents food drive scheduled an after noon conference to decide when distillers can begin the 60day production holiday Joseph M Jacobs counsel for the union said in San Francisco that he had wired President Tru man to protest such a shutdown He said the union had notified the distillers they would be sued for breach of contract if they closed Union President Joseph ONeill said the union did not want to block food conservation but that it felt the whisky holiday would not be of material help The National Distillers Institute estimated that a shutdown would idle about 30000 workers More than half of the bigger distiller out of agreed to the holiday and Luckman ex pected the others to say yes some time Monday Luckman will meet with beer manufacturers Wednesday pre sumably to ask them to cut back their production to save grain They will not be asked to close down completely because they have no large reserves REPORT FRANCE ASKS LOAN USE Wants Reconstruction Money to Buy US Coal Washington Mon day was reported to have asked exportimport bank permission to use of a loan granted for reconstruction in order to buy American coal at once Government officials disclosed that French Ambassador Henri Bonnet made the request over the weekend in an effort to keep France from running out of Amer ican dollars for fuel and other es sential supplies some time this week France has re maining of a credit granted in May 1946 strictly for purchases of machinery equipment needed for reconstruction The state department concerned over Frances worsening financial position was reported to have backed the French plea The final decision however is up to Bank President William McChesney Martin and his 5man board of di rectors The original amountof the re construction credit was 000 Fence post crops are grown on many farms often in gullies where the trees serve a dual pur pose of crop and control for ero sion ;