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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, October 13, 1944

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 13, 1944, Mason City, Iowa COMP o E P A r M E N r NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME A fi 0 A C M 1 V E S I THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LI Associated Prea and United Presi Full Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FEIDAY OCTOBER 13 1944 This Paper Consists ol Two One Pins on Big Map Indicate Hits by Bombs By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor LETTER NO 41 London England It is rather generally agreed here that if the robot bombs with which London has been visited since June 15 had come in 1940 along with the blitz bomb assault on this great sprawling city it would have been impossible for even a courageous people to stand up under the siege That happens to be my own belief and I was strength ened in this view last night when with Col Ronald F Fal lows of Mason City Maj R F Kennedy of Cedar Rapids and my mid western news paper col league Fred Christopherson of Sioux Falls I was privileged to visit the subterranean control center from which both blitz bombs and flybombs were com bated Deep below the murky Thames nearby I watched a large staff of women telephone operators in constant touch with every section of greater London as well as with the coastal points over which the buzz bombs must pass in their piggyback launching from over the North sea But the thing that attracted my attention was a giant map on one of the walls It was literally filled with broadheaded of them each showing the exact spot YANKS ADVANCE INSIDE AACHEN 1 Destroy 396 Planes in 2 Day Raid on Formosa BALL 63 NIPPONESE SHIPS SMASHED IN AIR ATTACKS Carrier Craft Score Big Victory With Assaults on Island Red Tanks Infantry Storm East Prussia Russians Race Across Hungary for Austria Moscow tanks and infantry stormed the centuriesol Junkers lands of East Prussia barely 9 miles northeast of the impor tant city of Tilsit Friday whil t in doomed Hungary the victoriou extensive damage to military ld army raced for the 160m51e and industrial targets distant Austrian frontier He listed 16 cargo ships as sunk offensives against Ih BULLETIN Washington Wil liam F sank p aged 63 and 19 damaged Of the planes northern and southern extremit destroyed on Formosa 124 were Qf hack malmed German divisions like driftwood in a flood Hungarys admission of defeat was expected hourly Russian col airmen shot down and 97 wrecked on ground Thirtytwo other planes were I I shot down over Balikpapan by waves of fighterescorted Liber1 umns were converging on Buda proximately 60 miles east of the wrecked the cracking plant and capital and reportedly less than heavily damaged the paraffin rethat on the south A11 major com I finery munications between Hungary Explosions and fires sent smoke and Sertja were reported in Rus 4 miles into the air sjan No natural barriers stood in the I way of Marshal Rodion Y Malm over round trips the Formosa ovskys 4pronged blitz on Buda de their furious 2day strike at Formosa and the nearby Pescadores is lands Pacific fleet headquarters announced Friday In addition 37 enemy small craft were sunk or lo mafle damaged Tne fay before By LEONARD MILLEMAN strike Nimitz said large force of jpestacross The Hungarian plains Press War Editor carrier acraft again hit Luzon Russian forces were less than Associated Press Vtar tailor I st important island the Phil15 miles from the oniy Hungarian Strong formations of U S carippines Details were lacking Prejrail lines conrecting Budapest where a robot bomb had faUen on riei planes sweeping to within 100 sumably the planes concentrated London miles of the China coast destroyed on shipping and airdromes around On the head of each pin was a 221 Japanese planes sank or damManila number indicating the date with aged 35 ships and bombed ForI Some 500 east of the Phil respect to June 15 of every bomb mosa from end to end ppmes Yank EOlners occupied that had fallen There were 9 pins Chester W Nimitz announced lArimasuku the 12th island of adistinctive coloring 1 could Friday only guess what they represented I Tne attack Wednesday U MORE NAZI SUPERMEN WHO ARE PRISONERS nazis surrendering to the Yanks near Palenburg Germany are marched through the streets of a battered town No area of this great city has been free from these devilish bombs But the area south of the Thames in the direction of the launching platforms in the Fas deCalais country has an inor dinate number of the pins Thats why Jtnbjra as Borneo bomb In another room in the same lower level I was maps re vealing how London in the time since the 1940blitz has extended its water protection through a maze of great pipelines and by thousands of static tanks Then I was privileged to see the fire departments own unex purgated films of the 1940 as fine a saga of human courage and endurance as Ive ever seen It was then that block upon block in the region about St Pauls ca thedral was laid waste by bomb and fire but more by fire From that grim experience th London authorities resolved neve to be caught twice by the sam nazi trickery Goerings bomber had struck when the Thames wa at low tide The fires spread be cause there was a water shortag In my first few days when the bombs were fallir about me right and wro a bit disparagingly about the e lectiveness of the robots That wouldnt be my attitude today on the eve of my departure Then I hadnt gone through the residential sections where the sin gle bomb has brought destruction to upwards of a dozen homes and damage in varying degrees to as many as 200 homes I was judging by the damage wrought in business sections where buildings are steelrein me was the heaviest blow in a ries of daring striker this week ong more than 2000 miles of apans inner defense line ncluded new carrier raids on hilippines and destruction of vital oil refineries at Balikpapan taken in the Palau group were unopposed Chinese belatedly acknowledged Claim 3 Crossings I of E Prussia Line Thpvl LONDON Paris hroad east heard by Reuters said Friday Report Athens Is Liberated by Greek Army of Patriots Cairo resurg army of patriots has liberated Athens it I was announced officially Friday ending a 42month nazi occupation of the ancient Greek capital and occupation of all Greece and the HEAVY FIGHTING FLARES IN ITALY te to have crossed me easi at 3 admUed Onl60 miles sep forces Qverrunning the imminent allied Tokyo reported Friday the Pa ific fleet struck for the fifth time n 5 days with a repeat perform nce over Formosa Thursday U The raids on the Philip ines Formosa the Ryukyu slands and Marcus cost the Japa nest 310 planes destroyed 93 sur ace craft sunk or damaged and demonstrated the fleets ability to strike almost simultaneously at videly scattered targets The Japanese fleet failed to give battle Nimitz said no American railroad with Magyar troops at the Car A Nipponese column broke into pathian passes inRuthema The Kweiping 70 miles southeast of GermanHungarian forces U S airbase at Liuchow in northern Transylvania were In southeast Burma British beat virtually cut off off an artillerysupported counter attack east of the enemys Tiddim base Allied raiders slashed through the jungles 22 miles south Tiddim Southern Hungary was a race track for Russian armor The Hun garians were reported resigned to the immediate loss of Kecskemet rich provincial city famed for its ships were damaged The only osses he has listed in his incom plete reports were 22 American planes shot down over Formosa Tokyo asserted 1 U S aircraft carrier was sunk and another damaged in a nightlong Japanese counterattack after the first raid on Formosa a stepping stone lo the Philippines 575 miles south of Japan Tokyo broadcasts reported the 1000 attacking American bombers and fighters which it said included landbased planes from China outnumbered the de fending air force Nimitz made no mention of lane based planes He said Vice Adm Marc A Mitschers carrier planes concentrated on the southwestern corner of Formosa Japanese stag ing base for defense of the Philip pines They also hit the Taichi rail center near the middle of th sland and Tamsui on the north More Speeches Under Consideration by F R Before Election Washington CUP President loosevelt told his news conference Friday that he is talking about jlans for additional speeches be yond the foreign policy address he las scheduled for Oct 21 in New York Asked whether he planned any speeches beyond the Oct 21 date the president said it depended on forced I once wason the scene minutes after a robot landed squarely on a newly completed business building 2 blocks from my hotel It was true as I reported then that a sizable crew of masons carpenters and glaziers could have the building fully repaired in one weeks time Although the death toll from the blast ultimately reached 11 the actual damage to the building wasnt extensive But residences even of brick or stone construction are something quite different I hesitate to think would happen if a robot bomb fell in a Mason City resi dential section where houses are of wood The plain fact made plainer by my visit last night to this fire control center is that flybombs have wrought tremendous damage in London staggering damage Thousands of homes have been destroyed more dreds of Jhousands severely damaged Only a brave people such as the Londoners have proved them selves to be could stand up The whole world stands eternally in their debt A salute too lo Londons fire regular and volunteer to those who flew the Spitfires out over the channel to those who manned the ackack guns in the coastal area and not least those thousands of barrage balloons which were a last line of defense against the robots west coast The admiral reporte what the plans but about it questioner meant by that he was talking He added that when the deci sion is made it probably will be announced locally or through th democratic national committe rather than in a white house new conference Actually he said he could no get frightfully interested in th matter peach brandy situated 49 miles southeast of Budapest Wilting Hungarian resistance all long the invasion front seemed o substantiate diplomatic hints lat the exhausted satellite nation vas about to quit Hitler The mop p of Hungary was counted on to irepare the springboard for the nvasion of Austria as well as to ssure the early liberation of the Croatian and Slovenian areas of Yugoslavia and to pinch oil the Germans in Slovakia Meanwhile Turkish sources said Berlin had urged Austrians o dig for their lives in a frenzy of frontier spadework near Vienna The broadcast proclama tions appealed to the populations lo follow the example of the east Prussians and Rhinelanders and said that all ablebodied men and eastern Mediterranean islands German troops who marched triumphantly into Athens on April 27 1941 after crushing a tiny Greek army and an outnumbered British expeditionary force in 21 days abandoned the cily and its neighboring seaport of Piraeus They fled northward under sav age attack by planes of a Brit carrier force standing offshore the western Aegean First official accounts of the liberation of Athens the 7th al wrested from the Ger man grip since the start of the AngloAmerican and soviet sum mer campaigns gave no details o the partisan attack It was indicated however tha the main German garrison ha been withdrawn from Athens anc Piraeus several days ago spark ing a patriot uprising that swiftly overwhelmed the weak enem Rome flared up IP Heavy iightin in the hiils along th SMASH GERMAN EFFORT TO GIVE HELP TO CITY Escape Gap Narrowed to Half Mile 60 Tanks Lost by Hitlerites London infan try gained slowly Friday night in side the smoking ruins of Aachen proper narrowed the nazi escape gap to a half mile and with shells and bombs smashed strong German columns forming up for counterattacks to relieve the bat tered citys garrison The suburban Schlachfof fac tory district on the northeast out skirts of Aachen was taken The enemy had counter attacked ariier in the Bardenbere area ftcr wheeling up one of Hitlers inest tank divisions The nazis lost GO tanks in 2 lays fighting around Aachen in cluding those knocked out in Fri days attempted counterattacks Opposition was surprisingly weak as the doughboys entered he city which had been bombed and blasted for 2 days by hun dreds of divebombers and an al most solid ring of heavy artillery plunging shells by the thousands into its ancient structures The Americans entered the city itself at a m a m central war time along a path blasted by artillery and mortars The Yankees gingerly crossed 16 rows of tracks and started routing outhwest of Athens the Greek apital Gen Wilsons broadcast Fridaj ight indicated an allied landing n force was imminent as con rasted to the vather small force mployed in the Peloponnesus owa Draft Boards Well Started on Task of Getting Vets Jobs Des Moines W Brig Gen Charles H Grahl stale director of selective service said Friday that Iowas 120 local draft boards are well started on the task of fulfilling their employment obli gations to returning veterans under provisions of the selective training and service act riorenceBologne road Friday fol owing Thursdays massive air as sault on German positions and in stallations south of Bologna key communications center of the Po valley Allied headquarters announced that 5th army troops took more than 300prisonersin the new as sault in the central Italian sector Aided by warm weather Ameri can forces pushed ahead in the wake of Thursdays tremendous aerial attacks and partly flanked the town of Livergnano 10 miles ouch of Bologna on highway 65 ic communique said The Doughboys again encount red stiff enemy resistance In de cribing the heavy fighting astride lighway 05 the communique said no material advances have been made Foot troops reached the summit of one hill only 9 miles southwest women in the Vienna region were at or on their way to the diggins after a mass callup of age groups between 16 and 65 Buy your AVar Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy While the campaign in Hungary took on the appearance of a push over offensive East Prussia and the remainder of the German front of the Baltic coast was a heavy slugging match all the way Raging assaults carried the Rus sians within 5 miles of the eastern limits of Riga and slashed into the siege defensives of Memel on the Baltic coastline The East Prussian line cracked beyond the frontier town of Sar tininkai 13 miles northeast of Tilsit Punching south from Sartinin kai the Russians faced the Nie men watery shield for Tilsit Russian troops driving on Tilsit from Slovakia were con fronted by the big bend of the Szeszuppe river The Germans again scraping reserves from the rear bases in East Prussia were determined to wage along the Szeszuppe the same fanatical defense that held up Marshal Ivan Cherniakhovskys 3rd White Russian army 2 months Nevertheless attacks toward Til sit brought the Russians within 42 miles of Insterburg and 65 miles of Koniksberg East Prus sian capital The Russians were reported fighting in the outskirts of the East Prussian Baltic port of Memel northernmost German city One dispatch placed the red army within 10 miles of Tilsit 40 of Insterburg and 62 of Konigs berg the East Prussian capital Despite hard rains and blown up highways the Russians ad vancing through the Balkans cap rear guard left to cover the re treat An allied communique Issued i Rome several hours earlier vealed that lowflying Britis warplanes launched from escor carriers bombed and strafed large concentrations of German shipping concentrated near the port of Khalkis The British destroyed many small boats which apparently were trying to make a run along the coast to Salonika with troops and equipment evacuated from Athens News of the capitals liberation touched off wild demonstrations among the large Greek colonies in the middle east In Alexandria 50000 Greeks swarmed into the streets for a jubilant victory pa rade Thousands of Greek flags appeared on balconies and roofs throughout the city and Greek restaurant owners threw oper their doors to the celebrants This does not mean Grahl em phasized that inductions have stopped They are continuing and are necessary because of the con stant needs of the armed forces for replacements he explained He added however that the loca boards also are keenly interested n seeing that the men they se eded for service are reintrenched irmly in civilian life Attached to Iowas local board are 200 reemployment commit eemen whose job it is to assis he veteran in obtaining reinstate ment in his former position or t extend practical assistance if h wants new employment Grah said Whatever his problem or plan for the future may be the dis charged veteran should have an interview with the reemployment committceman as soon as possible after he reports his new status to his local board Grahl added out dirty and bearded Germans holed up in the narrow streets which were cluttered with debris The fighting was close quarters sometimes with bayonets some times with small arms and it went from house to house from street to streetSelfpropelled artillery moved into the city with the in fantry The Americans foughtinearfires in many parts of the old city Front dispatches early Friday night said the Americans had nar rowed the escape hatch cast of Aachen to a half mile and were closing the remaining gap The terse dispatch from Don Whitehead of the Associated Press said artillery and air power had been used to smash German coun eratlacks near the dissolving city md that the Americans were aining slowly in Aachen against of Castel San Pietro on the Bo OgnaRimini road while other forces captured Mount Delle For niche Zli miles east of Livergna 10 where the fiercest fighting seems to have centered Thursdays pulverizing raids tiy American planes in their greatest blow yet in the north Italian cam paign were made in an attempt to blast a pathway into the Po val ley for 5th army forces which have been virtually stalled south of Bo logna by a nazi deathstand West of highway 65 5th army units pushed a mile beyond Mon spotty opposition At no place had Herman counterattacks budged he staunch men of the U S first army Berlin asserted that the Ameri cans already have suffered 190UO casualties in the battle of Aachen including 5000 dead but nothing from allied quarters supported such a claim The appearance of a fresh Ger man armored division shiftcd from ihe Arnhem sector in Hol land stirred expectation that a major tank battle would soon be joined Aachen a city of 165000 and Large Force Will Land on Greece Rome iP Gen Sir Henry Maitland Wilson supreme allied commander in the Mediterranean said in a broadcast Friday night that a force under my command HIT IN PLANE the big Jap island in the East China sea off the China coast has been heavily hombed Formosa is shown on this map as are other islands near the Jap homeland which also have been subjected to air strikes were Oradea largest Romanian city then in enemy hands and Subotica 3rd largest city of Yugoslavia Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy is about to land in Greece and that the kingdoms liberation was at hand Unofficial reports said that the Greek flag was flying over the Acropolis in Athens and that the Athens radio was in allied hands Allied proclamations were broadcast promising immediate aid to the Greeks Gen Wilson told the Greeks Your day of liberation is at hand For the 2nd time in this war a force under my commanc is about to land in Greece but I am thankful to say under ver different conditions The allied commander de clared We come now to sweep away all traces of the invade and by use of your ports and air fields to harass his retreat H said the allies were also return ing to restore Greeces adminis trative services Late in September small British forces landed in the Peloponnesus the large southern peninsula of the Greek mainland and with Greek patriots cleared the Ger mans from most of that area cap Japs Claim 1000 Allied Prisoners Died When Ship Was Sunk New York Japanese news agency said in a Tokyo broadcast Friday that more than 1000 American and British prison ers of war perished in waters of he Philippines Sept 21 when a apanese transport was torpedoet and sunk by n submarine Onlj 175 were rescued the news servic said The report of an attack o a prisoner of war ship by nllie teramici little village in the hills overlooking a subsidiary road to Bologna On the west coast troops of the 92nd American infantry di vision clung tn Mount Cnnala bout 4 miles southeast of Massa vcstcrn terminus of the Gothic inc Meanwhile the Sth army found tsclt on firmer ground and ap pear to be moving steadily for vard everywhere except in the im nediatc Adriatic coastal sector where a succession of streams at short intervals gave the Germans a wide choice of defensive posi tions submarines firmed has not been con the largest German town yet in vested was dissolving under the weight of American shells and bombs but there was no sign of a break in the 1500 to 2000 nazi SS troops who fought from the rubble and the sewers To the northeast of the smoke hicidcn city where German em perors of the middle ages were crowned the Germans mounted a heavy counterattack in the Bardenburg area Fighting inten sified too at Wurselen and Haaren the tips of the allied spearheads crowding the thin escape hatch toward Cologne A Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Friday night and Saturday Scattered light frost Friday night Slightly cooler Saturday Minnesota Clear and cool Friday night Saturday clear Cooler northeast and north central por tions IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 67 Minimum Wednesday night 37 At 8 a m Thursday 39 YEAR AGO luring Patrai Pyrgos and Corinth Ancient Corinth is but 40 miles Maximum Minimum Precipitation 66 53 30 AMERICANS PENETRATE AACHEN Arrows show American and German drives in the Aachen area U S 1st army troops penetrated a factory district at the north eastern edge of the city Germans counterattacked near Bardenberg Haaren and Germeter ;