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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, October 12, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 12, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF ARC HI MOINES I A VffS THE NEWSPAPER THAT V VOL 131 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Prat and United Press Full Leased Wu Wive Cent a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY OCTOBER 12 1945 CABINET RESIGNS This Paper Consists or Two NO S ARGENTINA OKINAWADEATH TOLL MOUNTS AFTERTYPHOON 3 American NaVy Men Killed 10 Missing 100 Yanks Injured By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Okinawa Friday was a shambles of its recent battle ravaged by a 132 mile typhoon that killed 3 Ameri can navy personnel left 10 sailors missing and more than 100 yank soldiers injured and sank dam aged or beached 127 naval vessels The typhoon which struck Oki nawaTuesday after havinr twist ed 150 miles tothe southwest for 24 hours swept northward to kill at least 69 Japanese flood 8000 houses wash away 81 bridges and leave many thousands homeless in central arid southern Honshu Fifty Superfortresses from the Marianas delivered 284 tons of food to the150000 troops on Oki nawa Friday Approximately twice that amount will be trans ported to them during the next 3 days by bombers from Guam Next week deliveries will be made from Saipan In addition to food the troops need shelter facilities to replace tents quonsett huts andother in stallations that were demolished or heavily damaged airplanes were rolled about by the typhoon the islands food stocks were nearly allde stroyed and hospital patients had a nightmarish time throughout the hpurs of darkness Officials to be fragmentary because of limited army head quarters in Manila and fleet head quarters at Pearl Harbor listed these casualties arid damage on Notions Strike Picture By UNITED PRESS More than 452000 American workers were idle Friday in strikes md shutdownsover the nation The labor picture officials foresaw a winter of hardships un Astnke of 187000 coal miners was ended promptly and the 1044043ton daily production loss halted Pittsburgh area mills were shut down for lack of fuel with industry spokesmen predicting operations would be cut by 75 per cent if the coal strike werenot ended this weekend AFL sawmill workers continued a work stop page in the Pacific Northwest lumber iegion in support of demands for a minimum hourly wage Pacific Greyhound bus drivers re mained on strike in 7 states as 1800 Massachusetts AFL street car and motor coach employes prepared to walk out Saturday MOTION film craftsmen refused to end their work stoppage despite a NLRB announcement that they had won a bargaining election among set dressers LaGuardia tried to foster amity between ship pers and dock workers whose 12 day strikeparalyzed New York port 6r3tioti Three navy men It missing hundred soldiers injured Four Japanese prisoners of war kilted Five small naval vessels sunk Fiftytwo ships presumably small and 70 other naval aux lanes of all types beached on Oki nawas reefs Shore installations including dock facilities extensively dam aged First incomplete reports from Tokyo listed this havoc on Honshu Sixtynine killed Eight thousand homes flooded 81 bridges washed out many thou sands homeless More than 1000 acres of land out and many thousands flooded by heavy rains which ac companied the typhoon increas ing the nations already critical f3od problem Damage was estimated up to 20 per tent in the rice crop one large Honshu island prefecture Rice paddies were damaged on Hokkaido The nations rice har vest this year had been estimated before the storm at approximately 238000059 bushels the lowest figure since early in the century Heavily damaged communica tions on both Okinawa and Hon shu hampered attempts to get complete reports on casualties and damage On Okinawa damage was so great that the east coasl was out of touch withthe western side of thenarrow 10 mile wide island There were fears thatthe navy casualties on Okinawa might be increased by later reports In Washington Thursday the navy reported thai a far less severe ty phoon on Sept 1618 sank 4 motor minesweepers with casualties ol 89 officers and men dead or miss Ing A submarine chaser also was sunk then but no one aboard was killed Guston Portrait Wins Carnegie Show Award Pittsburgh portrait by Philip Guston State University o Iowa visiting artistteacher won first prize Thursday in the Car negie institutes show Painting in the United States 1945 The painting entitled Senti mental Moment portrayed a seri cusfaced ravenhaired woman The work earned him a cash award The institute describing Gus tons paintings said they displa grave poetically imaginative anu monumental qualities They show deliberation and reflection on the part of the artist not only with such technical problems of spaci and form but with the signifi cance of the subject chosen To ordinary scenes or situations he imparts a symbolism without sac rificing either reality or meaning1 Those characteristics were env bodied in his Sentimental Mo ment the institute reported Guston is a native of Montreal CiHa and lives at New York and Woodstock N Y Leaders in Congress Favor AntiStrike Legislation By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS more serious Nearly 200000 work 0dnn prOClUCHOn strike aggravated uation disputes rose above 460000 The TO minestrike expanded to embrace nearly ZOOOOO workers Steel shut downs and nn ctitnvnwi snonagre finm t downs and an AFL shipyard hands strike in Los Angeles con tributed to the increase The CarnegieIllinois Steel cor portion UT S Steel subsidiary announced that by next week its Pittsburgh district steel loss would riseto 100000 tons a week because of the soft coal walk outs It said that by midnight Monday the number of its work ers furloughed in westernPenn sylvania would double to 10000 In Cleveland Hepublic Steel corporation announced all 7 of its northern coal mines and 7 of its 22 blast furnaces were shut down and pigiron production had been cut by 25 per cent AFLship re pair workers area shipyards struck in deinitid for an 116 per cent pay differ ential over workers on new ship construction This differential is paid in the San Francisco and Tuget Sound areas national labor relations board has rejected demands for an increase from to S134an hour in ship repair wages The lower rate is paid in Los Angeles and San Diego yards New ship construction and repair work in 5 ClOmanned yards was not af fected by the AFL walkout As strikes and stoppages con tinued to plague industrial recon version to peacetime operations prominent legislators said they favored repeal of the SmithCon operations in the Pittsburgh steel center and cut pig iron production in the GaryChicago mills Thou sands of steel workers have been furloujhed because of the coa stoppages Federal conciliators were ready to meet with AFL longshoremen officials in an effort to end the crippling strike of 35000 to 60000 New York dock workers As lead ers of the stevedores agreed to the mediators soldiers took over jobs at the worlds busiest harbor and loaded one cargocarrying troopship More than 350 ships are tied up as a re sult of the contract dispute ove the size of loads for cargo 9J066 to 7000 failed tomaterialize nally war labor disputes act which permits strikes vote in favor of them unions The legislators said they wanted new legislation which would make labor unions and employers mu tually responsible for observ ance of contracts Meanwhile in Washington con ciliation conferences to end the critical coal strikes remained dead locked and the government pre pared for possible rationing of manufactured gas to industrial users The bituminous operators and John L Lewis of the United Mine Workers were called back for another session Friday by Sec retary of Labor Schwellenbach weather in western Pennsylvania one half of the na miners idle the coal continued to slow ing announcement of the results of a national labor relations board election and mass picketing wa ordered continued at two studios major Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazett carrier boy GEORGE WANTS CHANGE IN TAX SLASH MEASURE Senate Finance Group Chairman Against Bill Passed by House Washington h a i r m a n eorge of the senate finance com mittee called Friday for reducing rather than wiping out income taxes for 12000000 lowincome Americans He thuswants a change made in the 55250000000 tax cutting bill which rolled through the house Thursday by a vote of 343 to 10 The Georgia democrat said his committee will open 3 days of hearings Monday on the measure it passed the would 1 Grant a reduction of 10 per cent or better to every individ ual taxpayer next year besides knocking 12000000 off the rolls entirely for an aggregate cut 52527000000 2 Cut 1946 corporation taxes by lowering the business surtax rate and reducing not eliminating until excess profits tax 3 Prune back next July 1 the excise levies on luxury and semi luxury items to prewar levels for a saving to consumers of in the last half of 1946 4 Repeal the windshield tax on automobiles and 5 Freeze the social security tax at its present 1 per cent rate each on employers and employes Otherwise the tax would have climbed to 2 per cent each Jan 1 jpomrflenting on the house ac tolff a I think the taxes in the low brackets ought to be reduced to the point where they would nol be burdensome but they shoulc not be taken off entirely at fhis time Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Problem of Sending British Brides to U S in Parliament Donjon The problem of British brides who want to join their GI husbands in America will go before parliament Monday On the heels of a demonstration by the women demanding trans portation to the TTnltea States A H E Molson conservative told commons Friday he would ask War Transport Minister Alfred Barnes for an estimate of how soon the war brides will be able to join their husbands Comdr Herbert Agar special assistant to U S Ambassador J of the brides in a meeting Thursday night that homeward bound GIs would continue to have transportation priority over them He told them they were not forgotten but that it would be wrong to give any of them hope that transportation difficulties would be overcome in a few weeks or even months Earlier the wives many of them with babies had picketed Blonde Mrs Bill Menmen 23 whose husband is now in Rock ford Iowa was among the Eng lish brides attending Thursday nights meeting Mrs Menmen holding her 14 months old daughter Patricia by the hand wondered if BL1V could understand that her IOV was undiminished after 14 months of separation Patricia says to hii picture she said mensunion the coal shortages in theestate strike area became DEMAND REUNITINGBritish war brides of now rede meet above to plan a campaign and demonslration t0 get them United ARRESTED IN of the province of Santa Pe Argentina arrest a student of the University of Literal as violence attended the strikeof 30000 students of Argentina In protest against the military government of Vice President Col Juan Peron they blockaded themselves in the 6 major universities Photo from Saobriti News Agency Buenos Aires AP CPLBALLARD HAS AN ADDRESS Returned GI Locates Family at P Box Omaha discharged Mason City Iowa veteren has been reunited here with his mother and sister as a result of a newspaper story When the soldier CpL Willis Ballard arrived from Denver Wednesday i nightr his tor hlsi family was the bos number to which he had been addressing letters The womenhad used no other address because they moved frequently He checked into a hotel until the next afternoon when he saw a newspaper story that his rela tives who knew he was due were searching for him They met at the postoffice box Mrs Alma Ballard mother of Cpl Ballard and his sister Mrs Dorothy Hastings 2804 Poppleton Ave Omaha formerly lived in Mason City They moved from here about 3 years ago When in Mason City they resided at 1040 East State street McKEOUGH 0 K GOES TO TRUMAN Tru maahadthe senates 42 to 34 OK Fridayj on the contested nomina tion of Raymond S McKeough as a member of the maritime com mission v In a new demonstration that legislators dont like to say No to a presidential appointment the senate Thursday confirmed the former Illinois congressman for a 6year term Chief objection to McKeough stemmed from his job as regional director of the CIOs political action committee in Illinois Wis consin and Indiana during the 4th term campaign of the late Presi dent Roosevelt The strength on which the nom inees opponents had counted didnt materialize as most of the southerners went along with Pres ident Trumans choice TRACTOR HITS IOWA BABY Emmetsburj Wil son 16 months old son of Mr and Mrs Harry Wilson of Curlew was hospitalized here Friday with a serious head injury suffered when he was run over by a trac tor The child was said to have run in front of a tractor driven by his father who did not see him un til after the front wheels had passed over the boy Appoint Ministers Des Moines of the Rev Dr Lloyd H Scheerer former district superintendent at Sheldon to the First Methodist church at Fairfield and the Hev Donald E Terry pastor of a Cheyenne Wyo church to St Lukes Methodist church at Du buque were announced Thursday by Bishop Charles W Brashares of the Des Moines area of th Trumans Hit Racial Bair byDAR Washington and Mrs Truman joined Friday in decrying race discrimination in the artistic field after the DAR refused use of its Constitution Hall here to a Negro pianist The artist involved was Hazel Scott wifeof Negro C DN Jf who ad dressed protests to both the pres ident and first lady He asked also that Mrs Truman boycott a tea being given here Friday aft ernoon by the Daughters of the American Revolution The president wrote Powell in sympathetic vein but said he was powerless to interfere with DAR policy Subsequently Mrs Truman tel egraphed the New York congress man that her acceptance of an invitation to the tea was without relation to the merits of the controversy surrounding uses of Constitution Hall She said the invitation was ac cepted prior to the unfortunate controversy and that she regret ted the conflict for which I am in no wise responsible I deplore any action which denies artistic talent an opportunity to express itself because of prejudice against race or origin Mrs Truman told Powell The first ladys telegram signed Bess W Truman was in direct reply to one from Powell Thurs day night suggesting she not at tend the DAH tea arranged for 4 to 6 oclock at theSulgrave club Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair andcooler Friday night Saturday fair with rising temperatures Iowa Generally fair Friday Fri day night and Saturday Cool Friday and Friday night Warmer Saturday Minnesota Fair and colder Friday night Saturday generally fair and warmer IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 74 Minimum Thursday 37 At 8 a m Friday 43 YEAR AGO Maximum 53 Minimum 30 HIPOCKETS LAVALS DOOM APPEARS SURE De Gaulle Says No Retrial for Traitor Paris De Gaulle Fri iay apparently ruled out a new rial for Pierre Laval sentenced o death Tuesday for treason Asked at a news conference whether he would order a new trialfortheformer Vichy leader convicted at a stormy much criticized trial for wartime col laboratibn with the Germans JDe Gaulle replied Certainly not The Paris newspaper Libera tion said it had information tha aresent plans were to execute Laval Wednesday Earlier Lavals attorneys said hey had important new evidence which would explode the case against him and De Gaulle was asked if he would receive the at torneys to hear it You will learn that in the newspapers he replied The defense counsellors said iheir new evidence would prove hat Laval was arrested by the Germans while plotting to turn France over to De Gaulle SGTTBJRDWElL IS NOT ANGRY Wants 2nd Honeymoon With Twice Wed Wife San Francisco Birdwell 22 Friday awaited re lease from Letterman hospital sc he can return to Kansas City Mo and spend a 2nd honey with his wife Ann 19 who married his uncle while h was a prisoner of the Japanese She had been led to believe hi was dead Although he was too mixed up to think straight when he hear the news at Manila Birdwell in an Interview here Im no sore at anyone it wasnt anyone fault and Im very anxious to ge home Mrs Birdwells marriage t Jack Marshall of Wichita Kans the uncle was annulled afte Birdwellwas discovered alive Birdwell said his visit home o furlough will in reality be our first honeymoon We were married 2 years ag while I was oil furlough am didnt have much time together He was shot down March 10 1944 in a Liberator bomber on raid over Balikpapan Borneo H wife was notified by the war de partment on Aug 21 1944 tha he was presumed dead and o Aug 18 1945 just 12 days befor he was freed from prison cam in Japan his widow married hi uncle Dont Forget Mason City Boy Scouts will be around to collect your wastepaper starting at Saturday morning Housewives and business men have been asked to place tied curbs before that hour Waste paper is still needed to make cartons for overseas shipping UNRESTMOUNTS AS NEW HEADS ARREST PERON Sudden Move Is Made After Announcement of Election Date Buenos Aires cabinet f Argentine President Gen Edel liro Farrell resigned Friday un er pressure of both military and ivilian groups Official announcement of the mass resignation came as some 12 D rmy and navy officers met in the fficers club and a crowing crowd alhered in the streets outside Fernengo Lima announced that ormer Vice President arid War Minister Juan Peron had been ar ested A few minutes earlier Per ins successor Gen Eduardo Av los had introduced Lima to newsmen as the new navy min ster A member of his household earl er reported the former strong man of the government had gone o the countryside for a rest but here was a steady stream of of icial visitors at his residence dur ng the morning Plain clothesmen guarded the home Argentinas tumultuous political events started rising to a climax ate Thursday when Farrell an nounced presidential elections would be held next April 7 Leaders of various democratic organizations harangued thegrow ng throng in the streets repeating their 3point demand that the gov ernment be turned over to the supreme court that elections be leld without political party ac ivity and that a state of siege rc imposed a month ago by Farrell be lifted Among cabinet members who resigned was Gen Ednaido jos of the Campo De Mayo xorri son who led the coup which re sulted in Ferons ouster and his own assumption of the war min istry portfolio But Avalos was re turned to his position by the pres ident Avalos called on Farrell Friday morning along with Lima The army and navy group went into session early Friday and it was reported that its purpose was lo debate whether Fanells elec tion decree was sufficient to meet heir demands Representatives of the group appeared on a balcony at inter vals urging the crowd to be pa lient and promising Were going to get this thing fixed up Each appearance was greeted with wild ovations A youth who bicycled past the crowd and shouted Vive Peron was set upon and beaten severely A group of women rescued him treated his wounds and then turned him over to a group of mounted policemen Farrell remains in office as president at least temporarily Shortly after the resignations were announced by the war min istry an army officer reappeared on the officers club balcony and told the crowd The Campo De Mayo garrison does not want the government de livered to the supreme court The navy wants it so delivered and the people want it so delivered In the face of this situation it was proposed to appoint a cabinet of civilians and consultations were held here with some eminent men But none of them want to serve under Farrell That is all for the moment We will have a fur ther announcement later The deposed interior minister Hortensio Quijano tried to broad cast a proclamation on a nation wide network but army officers intervened to cut him off the air except through the stateowned station Del Estado His broad cast was a proclamation urging citizens to exercise theirfranchise in the elections next April The Farrell regime set next April 7 as a presidential election date in a decree issued shortly after the military group de manded Perons detention and resignations of Farrells entire cabinet The political unrest was compli cated by both military and civil zan pressure on the government All Buenos Aires morning news papers with the exception oj La Nscion and La Prensa refused to go to press Friday as a protest against the closing of 1 morning and 3 evening papers Thursday allhdugh the government an nounced Thursday night the ban against the 4 publications had been lifted Afternoon newspapers were prepared to go to press Friday al though undecided whether to tually distribute their Issues While army and navy convened for the 2nd s day to deliberate wh rells election decs to meet their derr civilians S fil Of ;