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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 12, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF AND ARCHIVES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL IJ Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Cents a Copyt BALL Traces Raid as Friend of Col Fallows By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor Letter No 40 Somewhere in East Anglia civilians Im told have been privileged to an experi ence which came to me this fore no o n at this fighter wing control center thanks to the good offices of a friend and neighbor back in Mason City Iowa It was Col Honald F Fal 1 o w s who vouched for me and made it possible for me to enter the control room and watch a fighterprotected bombing mis sion over Kassol Germany take place I had made the trip out from London by motor through dark ness and lodged with Col Fal lows at his manor house head quarters He is the executive of ficer and 2nd in command of the wing We had breakfasted with his fellow officers and proceeded through a mist and bad visibility to a nearby field from which Don Gentile and other famed fighter pilots have taken to the air to make glamorous history in this war This the colonel kept telling me is what we call soupy weath er Im hoping our boys dont have to go out today And while we waited to learn the verdict I was taken about the field fdr an inspection of the rugged Thunderbolts We visited the projection room where I was given a special showing of pic tures taken by the fighter planes automatic cameras as they closed in on their targets German planes in the air enemy planes on the ground locomotives dock installations efc About midforenoon I heard the fighter pilots told of the days mission cut out for them if the bombers manage to get into the meteorologist had a par ticularly gloomy report about con ditions over thetareet as well as over England ate 5Tl Through it all there was a visible anxiety over the fate of 9 planes which had failed to return from a mission over Holland the previous day Had they been shot down Had they baled out into enemy territory Or had they landed on allied airstrips in Bel gium or France It looks like no soap for a mis sion today Col Fallows re marked but well move over to the control room and see what happens A short motor trip brought us here and I was taken into a siz able room filled with great maps and all sorts of communications equipment All of a sudden it was announced that the mission was on bombers from several fields were already going up into for mation I was given an extra headset to listen in on the operations Seated in a balcony I watched ar rows being moved about on a great horizontal map down be low me showing the progress of the bombers toward the point over France where a splitsecond union with the fighters was scheduled Overhead I could hear the roar of motors from the planes I had been inspecting on the nearby field only an hour or two before Fighters of course assume for mation 3 or 4 times faster than lumbering bombers and fly in finitely faster Bombers there fore have to have a sizable head start Over in one corner oC the room was a lineup of communications specialists charged with directing rescue operations for planes and airmen that come down in the important but almosi unheard of service Great was the jubilation when all of a sudden a message broke through fronf one of the pilots who had been mlssin on the pre vious days mission over Holland Then 8 of the 9 missing pilots were accounted for It was as if the dead had come to life My brakes are defective1 hetrd one of them report I de tected it on the takeoff Id like to be allowed to sit down last He didnt want to mess up the foggy runway for his mates AH the while the days mission over Kassel was progressing as shown by the arrows on the grea map before me I had to leave to catch my train back to London before the story was ended The next morning a cryptic newspaper dispatch informed me that there had been a heavy anc effective bombing raid on an im portant industrial center in south west Germany But I knew from having lookct on at close range that there was a great deal more to the story than could be told in any such sentence as that in cold type Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from yoar GlobeGazette carrier boy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY OCTOBER 1Z This Paper Consists oj Two YANKS CLOSING IN ON AACHEN SOVIET FORCES SWEEP QUICKLY FOR BUDAPEST Hungary on Verge of Knockout Assault on Austria Soon Indicated Moscow JP Hungary ap peared on the verge of a military tnockout Thursday as Russian orces overran Magyar defenses on a 120 mile front guarding Budapest The developing debacle with apparent imminent collapse of Eiungarian resistance emphasized final disintegration of Hitlers Balkan defenses and indicated an early assault by the red army upon Austria The army newspaper Red Star laid soviet troops already were more than halfway from the HungarianRomanian border to Budapest which would place them less than GO miles from the capital The Hungarian army was re ported in the utmost state of con fusion with its elite divisions trapped in northern Transylvania or scattered among the Carpath ian passes of Ruthenia Neither the army nor the people appeared willing to fight an hour longer on the side of Germany Red Star said A Moscow radio broadcast heard in London said Russian troops have broken into Debrecon 3rd largest Hungarian city on the Orient railroad 116 miles east of Budapest The ancient city of 122517 is an important rail cen ter which allied planes from Italy frequently have bombed Moscow military sources ex pressed belief that the German high command already is reckon ing on Hungarys complete elim ination from the war andRomanian forces Wednesday Szeged 2nd largest city In Hungary and Cluj capital of Transylvania with gen eral advances elsewhere on the Balkan front Marshal Tito an nounced that Russians and Yugo slav partisan forces had sur rounded Belgrade Meanwhile to the north the battle for East Prussia seemed under way with the Germans be ing thrown back from their bor der defenses 15 miles northeast of the fortress city of Tilsit A soviet column following the TilsitSiauliai highway and rail road pressed back German infan try red air force stormoviks slashed at the nazi ground forces and turned tanks and selfpro pelled guns intoblazing wrecks A 2nd column pushed forward along hoth the north and south banks of the Niemen river and at the closest point was less than 30 miles east of the citys fortifica tions Still a 3rd sweep on the nazi bastion came southward from be sieged Memel almost reaching the Baltic coastal highway which now has been severed along a wide stretch north of Memel As in previous attempts to hold defensive positions the Germans fought furiously at all 3 major Baltic Liepaja and are under heavy soviet attack The East Prussian frontier was reached when the Russians seized the town of Panowi There was savage fighting southeast of Memel as the Germans threw in 4 divisions of reinforcements with 30 counterattacks Russian re ports said more than 2000 nazis were slain The advance on Liepaja stead ily contracted the Latvian pocket in which from 100000 to 150000 German troops are trapped There was no soviet confirma tion on Berlin radio reports that the red army had opened a fresh offensive in Poland in the area of Rozan Fight Into Factory District on Outskirts of Doomed City By DON WIUTEIIEAD Outside Aachen infantry fought into the factory district on the outskirts of Aachen late Thursday while to the north foot troops and armor beat off a daylong counterattack by the Ger mans who were supported by to 25 tanks The Germans have thrown one if their finest divisions into the Jattle in a desperate but so far abortive attempt to relieve or re nforce the Aachen garrison Ger man troops inside the wrecked and burning city were being bat tered from the land and air Every counterthrust has been 1000 Planes Assault Formosa Japs Report Fire Sweeps Through 4 Story Processing ill at Cedar Rapids Cedar Rapids offduty city firemen were called Wednes day night to help battle a fire which swept through the 4story grain processing mill of the Car gill Milling company Loss was estimated at three quarters of a million dollars by L O Hauskins manager of the plant Not much grain was in the plant he said for the mill had been closed down recently for re pairs Cause of the blaze which at tracted thousands of Cedar Rapids residents was not known immedi ately A feed mixing department and an expeller building included in the mill were reported a total loss FIVE JAPS WHO CHOSE TO LIVEU S marines guard 5 Japanese on Peleliu in the I alau islands after they chose to surrender as prisoners of war rather than die before the Americans relentless assault The marines said Thursday figures in the Palau operation to date are 11043 of the enemy killed 187captured AP wirephoto from U S corps engraving by Kayenay Also Blast Oil Center in Borneo By LEONARD Associated Press War Editor Tokyo radio reported 1000 al lied planes Thursday raided For mosa guarding the China coast while others carried out the heav iest mass attack ever Japans vital oil center at Balik papan Borneo American amphibious forces captured their llth island in the monthold invasion of the Palau group within 600 miles of the Philippines The newest islet was Bairakaseru taken without oppo sition by Blst division Infantry men Japanese broadcasts told of an 8 hour air battle over Formosa as some 1000 fighter and bomber planes swept the length of the Island An imperial communique claimed approximately 100 en emy planes were shot down in the 1st 6 hours of the massive air battle which began at 7 a m Tokyo Principal targets were listed as Tainan and Takao port cities on the southwestern coast and Tai chu a railway junction near the center of Formosa The attack assuming the re ports to be true presumably came from Vice Adm Marc A Mitschers powerful carrier force Tokyo had expressed fear the American carriers were still lurking in the area after their smashing surprise raid earlier this week on the Eyukyu islands which link Japan and Formosa A carrier smash at Formosa would surpass in daring the raids on the Ryukyus and would be the closest approach of American naval forces to their goal on the China coast Heavilyfortified Formosa was the jumping off place for Japa nese planes which bombed the Philippines at the start of the war and probably the embarka tion point for the recent invasion the Foochow area on the nearby central China coast Earlier Tokyo reported 100 Liberators escorted by 30 Light nings raided Balikpapan Tues day If true it would be the 6th recent strike and mass raid on ttie Balikpapan re fineries a 3000000 barrel capacity and produce 15 per cent of Japans aviation gaso line and lubricating oil And it would be the first use of fighter escorts in Balikpapan raids The nearest American air base is at Morotai 825 miles to the northeast Tokyo asserted 25 bombers and 1 fighters were shot down Gen Douglas MacArthur said nightflying Liberators attacked the refineries and nearby air dromes for 4 hours Sunday Six more barges trying to rein force remnants of the Japanese garrison on Morotair were sunk In 2 days MacArthur has an nounced the sinking or damaging of 24 such wouldbe rescue craft The new islet occupied in the Yanks northward march through the Palau group Is H miles northwest of Peleliu where a Japanese ammunition dump was exploded among Nipponese still holding out A total of 12470 Japanese have been killed at Palau CHINESE GENERAL KILLED Chungking Wang Cha Pen 43 year old Chinese of ficer was killed in action Sept 8 in the battle oC Lingling in Hu nan province it was disclosed of ficially Thursday 4 ADMIT LIQUOR SALES HERE Delivered Worth to Mason City Lodge Minneapolis our men pleaded guilty to illegal posses sion of liCLUor in federal tour hfirX a15th1 wa freed because of lack of evidence Admitting guilt were Rocky Lupino 27 Luis Lepora 21 Ed ward Capra all of Minneapolis and Peter ODonnell 31 Seattle Tony Schullo 32 Minneapolis was freed oh order of Judge M M Joyce The 4 admitted sale of worth of liquor to the Charle City Iowa Moose lodge and S4 500 worth to the Mason City Elk lodge Arrested Jan 8 loadinj 62 cases more valued at at home of 1 here the 4 now are free on bail Cases were referrec to the probation office prior to sentencing with no date set Bong Downs 2 More Planes While Giving Lessons to Class Allied Headquarters New Guinea Richard I Bong is Americas leading fighter ace with 30 planes to his credit after giving a class under his in struction an unscheduled demon stration on how to shoot down Japanese planes The Poplar Wis army flyer is a gunnery in structor who is not supposed to be fighting But he went into ac tion again when a class he was leading was jumped by more than 20 Zeros He shot down 2 aboard a U S navy warship watch Grumman Hellcats draw vapor trails against the sky while in action against Jap raiders near the Marianas beaten back under a barrage of heavy artillery The corridor in the American arc about the city still is about a mile wide and it Is under artil lery and small arms fire Nothing has come through that corridor in any size in any direc tion a high ranking officer said Certainly the Germans have not and are not evacuating Aachen Try to tell that to the boys up there who are doing the fighting for Aachen and give them a laugh Inside the bombpocked city Ihe dcefnders still were fighting to hold on to tehir positions Or dered by Hitler to fight to the death they ignored an ultimatum which gave them the choice of surrender or destruction And now the attack is under way to destroy them The Americans are not In the main part of Aachen They are methodically cleaning up the out lying factory district building by and setting into position for an assault on the main part of the own The daylong counter attack was in the Bardenburg area 6 miles north of Aachen which has been the scene of some of the heaviest fighting inside Germany There the foe has throxvn in attack after attack in a frantic effort to shatter the force of the advance which broke through the Siegfried line on the north The Americans gave no ground assault and late in the afterjiobn had contained It In the Germeter area 11 miles southeast of Aachen the Ameri cans were forced Jo fall back in the Hurtgen forest under a fierce counterattack b ynazi infantry This was a localibed action The depth of the withdrawal was not reported by army headquarters but an officer indicated it was not considered serious American fighters adn bombers returned to Aachen and resumed bombin sand strafing of the city over in waves at 15 minute intervals the airmen blasted Aachens outer defenses including dugin tanks One fighter formation attacked 15 tanks which were protected by earthworks in the northeast sec I for of the city Another ripped j into 8 tanks 3 miles northeast of the city limits Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges doughboys attacked Thursday morning while heavy artillery pounded the besieged Germans and dive bombers screamed out of the heavens to blast them from their hiding places Fires burned in the southeast ern part of Aachen and grey smoke drifted over the sprawlin city Under a bright sun Aachen lay like a festering sore in the path of the first and beaten by a terrible weight of ex plosives but not destroyed It is too big to be wiped out entirely except by weeks of steady pound ing From a ridgeiop overlooking the city however fires and smoke could be seen boiling up from ex ploding shells and bombs and from wrecked buildings in which the Germans who declined a sur render ultimatem were hiding In a move of utter folly late Wednesday the Germans brought their columns from the east to ward Aachen in broad daylight to attack he Americans virtual ring of steel about the city The 2 pronged assault force estimated at division strength moved into the open under direct observa tion of the Yanks More than 100 big guns turned on these columns which moved into action at about dusk A battle raged for 2 hours Then the shat tered enemy columns fell back They had failed either to relieve or reinforce Aachens defenses At 8 a m Thursday the Amer ican infantry began its move on the ancient city of Charlemagne driving toward the factory district on the northeast side known as Schlachof and toward observatory hill which looks down on Aachen from the northern edge of the city The enemy is hidden in ancient caves sewers and basements which are almost impregnable to air and artillery well take it a high ranking officer said Despite the fires and smoke In the clear sunlight of noontime I could sec the tall blackened spire of the cathedral in which Charle magne was buried The divebombers came over at 10 a m The first bombs fell east of Crucifix hill on enemy troops who were beaten back in Wed nesdays counterattack Great col umns of smoke rolled up and there was one terrific explosion as though an ammunition truck or dump had received a direct hit Pvt Herbert McCabe of Neo desha Kans stared out of the window of our vantage old barracks overlooking Aachen said Last night at 6 p m we couldnt even see across the town at any place there was so much smoke from the artillery barrage They really laid it on And they were laying it on again Thursday Another flight of Thunderbolts dived in and laid a pattern of explosives on Observa tory hill Then suddenly it was so quiet in one of those strange lulls in battle that you could hear the birds singing and the wind sighing through the trees There was not even the sound of a single rifle shot At our feet a cat lay in the straw and purred BOMBERS LASH BREMEN PLANTS Widespread Daylight Attacks Also Made L o n d o n 750 Flying Fortresses and Libera tors attacked an aircraft compo nents factory at Bremen Thursday while RAF heavies pounded syn thetic oil plants at Wanneeickel in the Ruhr The American bombers escort ed by Thunderbolts and Mustangs also bombed other unspecitiet targets iiiriortixwcsterii Germany as the German radio reported stil another raid on central Austria by U S 15th air force bombert from Italy While these 2 big fleets were out a smaller force of Lancasters shot across to Holland ripping gun installations at Broskens where a large number of German troops are trapped The widespread daylight at tacks followed the 173rd raid on Berlin Wednesday night Mosquitos which seldom miss anight made the attacks with the loss of a single plane Sailor Survivor of 4 Invasions Killed in Philadelphia Fight Philadelphia P Bernard F Craven a 19 year old sailor whi participated in 4 invasions durin his 19 months service in Atlantii and European areas was killei Thursday while helping a friem in a street fight The youth bridgcwork apparently loosenei during the fray causing strang illation English Women Want More Better Corsets llTnlir London womei are demanding more and bette corsets and the corset guild i seeking action from the govern ment If Mr Dallon Hugh Dalton president of the board of trade does not agree to see us and listen to reason said the guilds secre tary the leaders in the corset in dustry are ready to stage a si down strike on the steps of th board of trade Corsetiers report that in black market women are payin as high as S80 for inferior corsets Buy your War Bonds am Stamps from your GlobcGazctl carrier boy SIGNS OF NAZI BREAKOP SEEN AT ROTTERDAM Berlin Calls Aachen Battle Greatest Ever Fought on West Front London U S first rmy closed in on burning Aachen hursday in an action which the Jerlin radio called the greatest attic ever fought on the western ront while to the north and west here appeared signs of a possible azi breakup in Holland It was disclosed that a crew of 000 German demolition experts ad blown up more than 10 miles t quays and docks during the ast 10 days in Rotterdam Hol ands 2nd city and biggest port loads around Rotterdam were logged with nazi transport mov ng generally to the south and ast On the south bank of the Nedcr thine the Germans suddenly bandoned a stretch between Arn cm and Rotterdam American infantry began to lose in from the north and north he said after divebombers nd more than 200 big guns in luding the heaviest of American ield pieces had resumed Wed icsdays blasting of the burning Hy Txvo enemy columns totaling about a division in strength which attempted to reinforce he Ger man garrison were shattered and urned back at dusk Wednesday Chen the big guus were swung again to send smoke and flame mushrooming up from the city Gray smoke cast a pall over the sprawling German border city as he infantry moved against it Ap Correspondent Don Whitehead said fires and smoke could be seen boiling up from the ment but he added that Aachen battered and beaten though itwas still was not destroyed Medium bombers swept in late Wednesday and for 5 hours rained explosives upon the wreckage al ready piled up A bright sun shone over the scene Thursday Meanwhile allied troops im proved their positions both north and south of the Aachen breach in the Siegfried line The supreme command said that west of Arnhem in Holland the had withdrawn from one area on the south bank of the Ncdcr Rhine Fighters and fighl crbombcrs shot up and bombed enemy strongpoints and troops iu that area Heavy casualties were inflicted on the Germans in the Haaren area north of Aachen as counter attacks were beaten off Enemy infantry and tanks were engaged in Bardenberg on that sector Southeast of besieged Aachen American troops cut through strong resistance and thrust across the MonschauDurcn road a mile from Hurtgen Although it appeared that the Germans were preparing to abandon Rotterdam otherwise they hardly would be destroying its essential nazis full intention in Holland was not yet clear The south and easterly move ment of transport around Rotter dam might mean an attempt to establish a line running roughly from Bergen op Zoom near the east Schcldc to Arnhem or it might mean an effort to pull out of northwestern Holland in order to provide more strength for the defense of the rcich Canadian troops were reported to be within 2 miles of Bergen op Zoom Thursday with their posi tions to the south and west in the Schelde estuary area universally improved Weather Report warmc FORECAST Mason City Fair and Thursday night and Friday Iowa Fair and warmer Thursd night and Friday Minnesota Fair and a little warm er Thursday night Friday part ly cloudy cooler north and cen tral portions IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistic Maximum Wednesday 53 Minimum Wednesday night 30 At 8 a m Thursday 33 YEAR AGO Maximum 7g Minimum 59 Ban lifted on radio weathc broadcast ALBANIAN PORT IS CAPTURED Partisans Clear Nazis Out of Gjashdle Rome partisans have cleared German troops from Gjashcilc 2 miles inland from Sar ande Porto Albanian port opposite Corfu which British in vaders captured Wednesday an allied communique announced Thursday More than 600 prisoners were taken in the area by the land forces of the Adriatic Cjashdle which was mopped up before noon Wednesday fell to partisans who turned a captured artillery piece on the Germans Many Germans were killed Allied headquarters said that a considerable quantity of guns and stores were captured in the Sar ande area The bulletin gave no informa tion on the situation in Greece ;