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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 12, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME t H H isr 5 it r D E P T or I o 0 E 3 C I E S I 1 VOL XLVI ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PHESS FULL LEASED WIHES FIVE CENTS A wuits THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA THUESDAY OCTOBER 12 1939 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE MASON THE BRIGHT SPOT IMutotofl Stalin Is Ambitious for Land By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist Said a Washington diplomat I know summing up the Russo German situation Adolf Hitler is suggestive of a small boy who steps up to a very large dog Josef Stalin with the invita tion Take a sniff at this choice bit of beefsteak I just snitched Our capitals corps of foreign experts lo be sure dont par ticularly sym pathize w i t h the small hoy though theyre sorry for the beefsteak What per turbs them is the prospect that the big dog his appetite merely whet ted by his initial faite will go on a regular rampage seeking to gobble up several other beefsteaks that havent even been offered to him to smell In fact the critter al ready has begun his gobbling He not only has swallowed more of the Polish steak than the small boy has left He also is assimilat ing the Estonian and Latvian steaks and has begun on the Lithuanian morsel Dropping metaphor Hussia tech nically is described as having con cluded nothing more formidable than pacts with the pintsize Baltic countries but everybody knows that in effect the Soviets grabbed themand it isnt that theyll be com pletely digested shortly All right That gives Stalin two thirds of Poland which Hitler went to war with the intention of acquiring the whole of It also gives the former Estonia Latvia and Lithuania True theyre pe wecs territorially but theyre strategically located as interna tionalists express it Take a squint at a map of that part of Europe and youll see it More to Be Invited That isnt all though Every time Joe Stalin decides to scoop in an adjoining people he sends a socalled invitation to that aggregations foreign minister to visit Moscow and cook up a treaty virtually surrendering its sover eignty to the Kremlin Finlands said to be next on the list follow ing Lithuania If Finlands an nexed it will be a sensitive sub ject to the United States the Finns are the only folk on earth who have regularly paid their war debt interest to Uncle Samuel Take another glance at the map It will be seen that Finland ad joins Sweden And Sweden ad joins Norway So we have Comrade Stalin in line plus the bulk ot Poland for the overlordship of Estonia Lat via Lithuania and the whole of the northern Scandinavian pen western power And Then What Then its fair to assume that hell turn his attention to the southward into the mania Bulgaria and Yugoslavia to the Black sea finally into the Mediterranean Pnrentheti c a 11 y another rubber at the map Get ting into the Mediterranean may bring the Soviets into conflict with their longtime friend Turkey But whatH they care for Turkey by that time At the other end of the Mediter ranean past Gibraltar theyll have to get out again to raise heck on the South Atlantic Nevertheless who can tellif they get away with it as seeming ly planned And finally if they succeed in creating firstclass hades to the westward theyre liable to de velop into a terrible pest in the Orient Their truce with Japan is only at their own convenience while theyre dealing with France GERMANY Stalin vs Molotoff I dont know how much sense Joe Stalin has He appears to have managed pretty well from Russias stand point Yet some authorities hold that Russian PremicrandF o r e i g n Minister Molotoff is the real Ecn ius O K But if hes too cute la guesi hed be in danger of being In the long run it isnt safe lo be smarter than a dic tator PI n Nazis Word Not Trusted Must Right Wrongs l I f ALLIES IROQUOISFACED RUMORS STORM Searches for Possible Bombs Radios Added to Worries on Ship NEW YORK threeday storm and a stream of sinister ru mors tortured 788 passengers and 211 crewmen who reached New York Wednes day night on the liner the ship which the German admir alty warned would be sunk sup posedly by an allied belligerent Ablaze with lights the 12 year old vessel dropped anchor to the cheers of some 2000 who had gathered to greet her Mrs Mary Stiegelman of Balti more one of the passengers de clared If ever there were a ship of horrors ihis was The storm Nazis Say Liner Arrival Proof of Friendship to U S BERLIN German quarters said Thursday they considered the fact that the Iroquois reached New York safely was proof that the Ger man navys fraternal attitude toward America had yielded a 100 per cent success Grand Admiral Erich Raedcr Com manderinchief of the German navy had warned the United States that the Iroquois would was so bad that some of the offi cers said they expected the top of the boat to blow off Everyone was ill Then they started search ing our baggage and wouldnt say what for They made us go into the holds dirty identify our trunks Some of us were so sick we couldnt go When we told them we couldnt go they told us they would smash our trunks open Several passengers agreed the most frightening of the specula tions aboard ship was that a time bomb had been secreted somewhere Even two United States destroy ers which met the 394 foot ship Monday lo form a convoy on ord ers of the white house caused alarm at first some passengers rushing to the conclusion that they were hostile vessels The master of the Iroquois E A Chelton said he was advised by Washington last Thurs day of an extraordinary message from Berlin which warned that the ship would be sunk near the American coast under circum stances similar to those surround ng the destruction of the British liner Athcnin The Germans have contended the British not they were responsible for that disaster The warning seemed incred ible the captain said but I was told I had to believe it until it was proved otherwise Of course the crew knew and he1passengers too that there was something up but ther didnt know what On Sunday morning when the cutter came us I told the passen gers part of what had happened I said I hnd information there would be other ships sunk as was the Athenia but I didnt mention the Iroquoii The next diy two u S destroyers came up and then gathered the passengers in the lounge and announcer specifically what my information was They all cheered I had the ship searched every day until we got here the captain said but found absolutely noth ing Copyright 1I3D The Associate Press AMSTERDAM A Nether lands seaman on the German liner Bremen declared Thursday the vessel reached Murmansk North Russian port after a thrilling voy age during which she flew the soviet flag and preparations were made to destroy her rather than allow her to fall into British hands E Post a cook and only Nether lands seaman on the Bremen when she sailed Aug 30 from New York told his story in a copyrighted in terview with the Amsterdam news paper Het Volk after his return to his native country v He said Caplain Adolf Ahrens skirted the blockade of the British fleet with barrels of ffasoline on deck ready for burn ing the vessel rather than allow her to be captured by the Brit ish The voyage was veiled in such secrecy he said that the crew did the liners destination All lights were extinguished dur ing the north Atlantic crossing and the wireless no call Post said that after some days at sea lie realized the Bremen was sailing far to the north because of the cold weather but that he had no idea where she was going ere CTe no Passengers or cargo and every precaution was an tt k of was gray acrossr Atlantic mnch oflne time in ours ShipS near hcr w nSid the Bremen g antlle the of the hut North r le as o worth GermanLloyd line carried no German colors He said Captain Ahrens called ther Sept 3 the day and France declared started ihe War had It doesnt look very good for us he quoted the captain as say ve 3worn tnat sink the Bremen and my ship would rather Post brought back pictures of crew activity on the voyage showing among other things how they painted the hull of the Imer whjle suspended in life boats Sir sir what a journey we have had the Hollander said in summing up the trip I can tell you I have sailed many seas in my life and have seen many ports but f have ex perienced nothing like The old man Captain Ahrens brought us through and no matter what you might say about the nazi he together with all ese clever boys outwitted the navy The Bremen 51731 tons and 520000000 flagship of the Ger man merchant fleet was delayed in New York while United States customs officials inspected her for possible arms She sailed only 36 hours be fore Germany invaded Poland In no time the Bremen was not the Bremen any more You may have heard tmmr or drown but we frail to paint or drown Tn he mist at 200 mclcrs 656 feet distance you couM not have seen lie Bremen Bremen was called by radio from various stations but of course kept silent And you know the proverb Be as silent as a German Among the almost 1 000 members of the crew there came a terrible tension as nobody knew vhere we were going DeSCnbeS Dreher Slayers Confession Grilling by Chief tSCape and Other Officers of Bremen Francis P Welsh 28 Last of Killers to Be Caught by Law Francis P Welsh 28 has con fessed that he fired the shot which killed Harold J Dreher as the Ma son City salesman attempted to escape from the car in which he was being kidnaped after being robbed by his slayer and two oth er companions The confession came after a grilling by Police Chiefs Harold E Wolfe of Mason City H A Alber of Des Moines John J Pszanowski of Omaha and lo cal officers in San Francisco where the killer was arrested nn a charge of vagrancy according to an Associated Press dispatch The climaxing chapter of the nationwide search for the involved in the murder came late Wednesday with the identifica tion of Welsh through his finger prints 10 weeks nfter Dreher was Dead Men Tell No Said Welsh in Slaying FRANCIS F WELSH DES MOINES P Welsh held in San Francisco as the trigger man in the ride slaying of Harold J Dreher prided himself in being a pub lic enemy This was disclosed Thursday by Fred Ostenrieder accomplice in Uie crime who from his jail celt told of Welshs reaction as they drove towardCouncil Bluffs after the slayinsr J kidded him about being nubhc enemy number 1 the accused man said ana he was all blown up Osfenrieder first of three men arrested for the slaying evidenced marked relief when told for the first time that Welsh confessed firing the fatal shol AH they had was my word for it before lie said Tiie prisoner related that after Welsh had shot Dreher as the Mason City man tried to get out of lie car lie Ostcnrieder asked Welsh why he shot their captive instead of using a black jack he was carrying Welshs only reply he added was dead men tell no tales robbed and killed after he offered to feed three vagrants because they were virtually starving when he met them on the Des Moines river front in the city library park Thursday he law took steps to bring the men to trial in Des Moines on charges of murdering the Mason Citjan on the early morning of July 28 when he tried to leap From an automobile near the DCS Moincs business district The trio was scattered over wide area Welsh was the great est distance from the scene of the crime when he was taken into custody 2000 miles away as a vagrant gave the name of LitUe and later was revealed through fingerprints as Welsh William Cooper 22 is in the Arizona state prison sening a seven to ten year term for rob bery He was sentenced under an other name three weeks ago and later vas traced through the fed eral bureau of investigation as he Slim involved in the Des Moines crime Fred Ostcnrieder 21 is in jtiil in DCS Moines He was arrested on a minor charge in Eugene Ore and also traced through fin gerprints Chief Alter said Welsh had waived extradition and would return to Iowa lo face a murder charge Ostcnrieder in a state ment lo police accused Welsh of shooting Dreher as those two sat in the back seat of the vic tims car and Ostenrieder and Cooper rode in front tf v An unusual set of circumstances the confession of surrounded Welsh When San Francisco police learned the vagrants finger prints were those of the man sought for the Des Moines slay ing they went to the convention of the International Association of Police Chiefs in San Francisco Wednesday and summoned Chief JWolfe and Chief Pszanowski worked on the ease With San Francisco officers the Iowa and Nebraska authorities be gan questioning Welsh and the confession followed In his confession Welsh said according to Chief Alber that he wanted to get the whole thing off his chest The officer said Welsh related that Dreher had been warned he would be shot if he tried to escape from the car in which the trio was taking him out of town Thursday two DCS Moines offi cers were enroute to Arizona to attempt to extradite Cooper and return him berf for trial but an Arizona law prohibiting release of prisoners until their minimum term has been served may prevent that move ffi Two other DCS Moincs officers planned to go to San Francisco to return Welsh described by Ostenrieder as desperate dan gerous and dumb Statements of Ostenrieder and Welsh both charged with murder in connection with the case have story of i unfolded the following the slaying according to an nouncements by police officials The trio met Dreher near the Des Moines public library shortly after midnight July 28 They robbed him of cash Welsh said less than although Dreher had in cash hid in a shoe when then took his car and started out of the city A mile from the scene of the crime they stopped for a stop light Dreher tried to leap out and was shot His body then was dumped from the car on busy Keosauqua Way near the heart of the business district and the trio sped away The Mason City mnn in Des Moines to buy fur niture for his home died a few minutes later The trio drove to Council Bluffs abandoned Drehers car but left on it the fingerprints of Osten rieder and Welsh which led to the disclosure of their identity be cause they had been in jail before and the FBI had their prints on file Crossing the river at Council Bluffs they pawned effects found in Drehers car they even peddled a pair of shoes on the street to raise money Welsh told Chief Alber and then headed west 0 American flas can be seen Ponied on the side Of the ship Girl 3 Rescues Playmate From Pool BEAVER CITY Nebr Eleanor Olmstead 3 year old farm tot held a heroines role Thurs day When her playmate 18 months old Dnle Williamson tum bled into a fish pool Eleanor saved him from drowning by promptly pulling him out of the water GO EASY WITH FINN DEMANDS American Ambassador Goes to Kremlin Before Paasikivi Arrives MOSCOW States Ambassador Laurence A Stein hardt called at the Kremlin Thurs day for a talk which reliable refrain from making excessive de mands on Finland X Sf jf Jl was understood Sieinbardt asked PremerForeign Commis sar Vyjcheslaff Molotoff not lo aggravate the European war situation by such demands Steinhardts visit came only two and a halt hours before Finlands special envoy to Moscow Dr Juno Kusti Paasikivi entered the Krem lin for a conference at Russias be hest The Finnish representative remained in the Kremlin an hour Finland was known to be hop ing for American support to ward off any demands such as made Estonia Latvia and Lithuania vir tual soviet protectorates in the past two weeks Finlands special envoy went to the Kremlin for the latest in the series of conferences by which so viet Russia is expanding her pow er in the Baltic area Dr Juho Kusti Paasikivi one tune premier met soviet Pre micrFofeijm Commissar Vyach Close Study by Fuehrer BERLIN Reichsfuehrer Hitler and his foreign minister Joachim von Ribbentrop studied ogether Thursday a translation of Minister Chamberlains peech in the house of commons The translation was rushed to hem in the chancellery Germans anxiously awaited the uehrers appraisal of the British reply to his peace offer of last Fri lay and a sign of the next move ni C S T tor the first of ihe talks in which Finland is expected to Jearn what concessions the ex panding Russian state desires of her if Envoys of Estonia Latvia and Lithuania who preceded Paasikivi to the Kremlin yielded here to terms when made those small Bal tic republics virtually Russian pro tectorates but Finland was ex pected to be a much tougher cus Boy Hurt Playing Football Succumbs FAIRFAX Okla liamon 13 complained his head iiurt he ran illto Coach Lynn Yarborough at football practice without a helmet He continued Later he died in a Fairfax hos pital IOWAN PRAISES CREW NEW YORK WThe Hev John J Henncssy Catholic priest at Moriticelto Iowa was the passengers arriving on the liner Iroquois from Europe who signed a statement praising offi cers and crew of the ship LOOK INSIDE FOR WILLIAM BLUMENSTIEL Oldest Businessman in Charles City Is Dead PAGE 2 Mason City to Scrap Rochester in Tussle PAGE 17 2 Sentenced for Drunken Driving PAGE 8 amberlains ipeech was epitomized in the words of informed circles This statement like Dala dicrs Premier Daladler of is neither fisli nor flesh This German proverb is equivalent to the American ex pression of straddling The reaction wasbased on the first British news broadcast of the speech which started while Cham berlain was speaking The com mentator indicated that the final word had not been spoken on Hit lers reichstag speech At the official press conference it was stated that there would be no official comment until the com plete text of Chamberlains speech had been studied Some nazis said that it was to be assumed that the war will go on as a result of the allies com plete rejection of Adolf Hitlers peace proposals SCORNS UNEASY PACT THREATS MUST BE ENDED Lloyd George Calls Off Proposed Talk of Considering Offers LONDON Britain and France Thursday rejected t h e impossible peace teims offeredby Adolf Hitler and warned Germany to choose between definite guarantees for permanent States sends message to soviet Russia which au thoritative sources say ex pressed earnest hope for peace with Finland M 0 S C 0 Ambassador Stein h a r d t talks with PremierForeign Commissar Molotoff Fin nish delegation enters Kremlin for vital talks fol lowing soviet expansion in Baltic L O N D 0 lain says Britain and France will not make peace on Hitlers terms commons speech declares allies need definite acts to prove German desire for peace Hitlers proposals termed vague press reports Brit ish capture of German steamer Can Nortc i n 1 a n d prepares for worst moves civilians from capital strengthens air raid de fenses press says nation is determined to p r e s e r v e neutrality action in tensified on western front French assert nazi patrol attacks fail o gain an inch war o u r The Weather FORECAST IOWA Mostly cloudy scat tered light rains except in ex treme southeast and extreme southwest portions slightly warmer in south and extreme west portions Thursday night Friday partly clouciy and cold er scattered light rain in south cast portion MINNESOTA Mostly clouciy scattered light rain in south west portion slightly warmer in extreme southwest portion Thursday night Friday partly cloudy colder in southwest and extreme west portions IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis ics Maximum Wednesday g Minimum Wednesday night V Al 8 a m Thursday x YFAR AGO Maximum Minimum n Rain European security or to the utmost strength The allied powers cannot trust the unsupported word of the nazi government Prime Minister Neville Cham berlain told the house of commons again implying that Germany must eliminate the Hitler regime to achieve a real and settled peace What stands in the wav of such peace he asked dramatically Then he an swered It is the German gov ernment and the German government alone Chamberlain did not exclude the possibility ofsrnegotiaied peace and he hammered at the allied desire to for a better world order in which Germanys claims would be adjusted if the nazi system of force were elim inated Indirectly indicated war aims in the speech included 1 Restoration of he independ ence of Poland and Czecho slovakia 2 Establishment of a solid peace which would not rest ou the word of the present German government 3 Laying of a foundation for a better international system winch would obviate the possi bility of war in every genera tion and pave the way for dis armament improved interna tional trade and improved livinr slandards He did not flatly exclude the possibility of peace with Hitler still in power but said that acts not possibly meaning de struction of the Germany vould be acceptable as guarantees of future peace His speech was oudly cheered Chamberlain whose speech was upported immediately by labor liberal leaders in commons warned that if the war goes on the future world will be different from anything we have known before lre made no reference to communism or Soviet Russia V Whatcver may Issue from the struecle he said the world will not be the same world we have known before f But the prime minister de clared the peace terms advanced by whom he denounced as an aggressor and a breaker could be accepted only if Britain forfeited her honor and abandoned her claim that in ternational disputes should be settled peacefully Tfiat choice he said firmly the allies refuse The isuc at stake is plain he said nnd it is for Germany to make her choice The German people he said want peace and so do the rest oC the peoples of Europe But they do not want Hitlers kind of peace he maintained because it would be a triumph for aggression Only after the constant danger of force lias been eliminated can the na tions get together in nn effort to create a better world order in which Germany would have her rightful place he snid sf Surrender to wronc doinc would spell the extinction of all hope Chamberlain declared II is not alone freedom for the small nations that is at stake but the peaceful existence of all the frecdomIovinir countries V Tiit impreirioii mdc on pirlii inont by the Chamberlain jpccch was nichemod by announcement David Lloyd Georfie vho had careful consideration of Hi tiers terms as a basis lor nc ;