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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, October 11, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 11, 1945, Mason City, Iowa OP HISTORY AND ARCHIVES DES MO IKES I A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH JOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and Press Full Ixsati Wires Five Cents Copy Strike Lines at 450000 MASON CITY OCTOBER II 1945 NEW WALKOUTS IN COAL STRIFE BOOST JOBLESS Schwellenbach Makes New Efforts of Peace in Nations Mine Rift By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS tThe nations strike lines held at around the 450000 mark Thurs day only a small increase in 24 hours as fresh labor disputes al most offset the return of 42000 workers to jobs in textile plants As new shutdowns in the Gstatc soft coal strike area forced addi tional thousands to the ranks of idle bituminous operators and united mine workers union repre sentatives failed to agree on a compromise proposal to end the 21day expanding work stoppages of Labor Schwellen bach again summoned the confer ees into session Thursday to at tempt to settle the dispute between the operators and John L Lewis united mine workers The dispu tants he said are not far apart in their controversj over recogni tion of the UMW foremens union and he expressed hope that they should be able to agree Ihe secretary reported to Presi dent Truman Thursday on the deadlocked negotiations and said the president sent no message to the conferees Failure to reach a settlement would portend a fur ther spread of stoppages in the coal pits where some 194000 min ers already have walked out from nearly half the countrys soft coal mines Meanwhile a sidelight to the coal strike came from Pittsburgh the Jones and Laughlin Steel corporation whose produc tion has been cut 20 per cent oy the coal dispute reported pickets were barring pumpers from its mines A company spokesman said that if the mine pumps remained unattended and from in te pro i 3rd ists from to back nearly west lor several Although Lewis said he would call off the strikes if the operators would agree to negotiate on the recognition Issoe the operators re jected the proposal They said if they negotiated they wanted to protect their present opposition to bringing the foremen Into the Lewis union They maintain that foremen and other supervisory part of management In Hollywood the picketing of Warner Brothers studio appeared for a showdown Movie h leaders called 20000 AFL L frcraft Workers into the picket War Vets Protest HoHywoo3 statement declarins that the spirit of the G I Bill of Rights Is heing lated by movie strike pickets un American efforts to prevent fel low Americans from working and respecting the orders of their own unions was issued Thursday by 11 war veterans now working In major film str os line in front of he studios main gate and 500 officers were sum moned to maintain order Sheriff Eugene Biscailuz said if the Air craft Workers picketed the studio they would be subject Vi immedi ate arrest A spokesman for tne Aircraft Workers said they would join the picket lines to prevent unjustified beatings by members of Warners police when they appear as peace ful pickets More than 100 persons have been injured in clashes at the studio which stemmed from the 8monthsold jurisdiclional dis pute between 2 AFLunions over representation of 77 set decorators Wednesday 326 pickets were ar rested on charges of rioting and refusal to disperse but they later released There was no improvement in the strike of 35000 to 60 000 AFL Longshoremen in New York harbor Union officials who urged members of 6 local unions to return to work were booed at a stormy meeting in Brooklyn Wed nesday night More than 350 ships were idle and redeployment of troops was delayed as the worlds busiest har bor felt the effects of the 11day old walkout The war shipping ad ministration said ships would sail to Europe without cargo Thou sands of tons have piled up as a result of the strike The only bright spot on the la bor front was the return at 42000 CIO textile print and dye work ers to 284 plants Jn New Jersey New York and Pennsylvania after settlement of a wage dispute The strike started on Sept 27 Elect lowsn Chicago L McDonald Dubuque Iowa was elected vice president of the National Associa tion of Domestic and Farm Pump ing Equipment and Allied Pro ducts Manufacturers at Wednes days annual meeting Nations Strike Situation By UNITED PRESS Strikes and shutdowns kept some 450000 American workers away n their jobs Thursday The major disputes SS mdustry representatives met again 4 182757 miners over unionization of nri T d i placed production losses at 015751 tons daily half the nations output and warned that do lestic users would feel the pinch within 3 or 4 days STEELAn estimated 17000 CIO steelworkers were out in scat Vanfotheir plants were expected to shut down as a esult of the fuel shortage Government officials said steel operations would drop to 25 per cent of capacity by this weekend unless coal i auction was restored promptly MOTION PICTUREMovie making was halted completely for the day at the Warner Bros studio in Hollywood as rival AFL union continued their 7month jurisdictional dispute AFL machinists i the Lockheed Aircraft Corp reinforced picket lines in an attempt bar workers from the studio gates York port operations remained paralyzed as a faaed Bam support Port officials said ACTS wJre ldle at piers or in the lower harbor 30000 AFL longshoremen struck in defiance of top union leader dwindled alarmingly in the Pacific north its 1Umber 3nd sawrniU workers was continued at nearnormal in the Detroit automotwecenter but forthcoming strike votes against the industrys hie Chrysler and General the labor pic big ture M continued between represen tives of 2700 striking AFL drivers and the Pacific Greyhound Co an effort to end a 7slate walkout US SUSPENDS FRENCH USE OF NAZI CAPTIVES Red Cross Says Germans Are Being Misused in French Camps Frankfurt Germany S ieadqua rters suspended Thursday he transfer ot any further Ger nan prisoners to the French after he International Red Cross that captives in French hands ivere suffering from mal mtrition and not being treated ac ording to the Geneva convea ion The American army has turned over to the French approximately 700000 prisoners of war for work n rehabilitating France An agreement was signed last spring tor the transfer of 1300000 The International Red Cross was reported authoritatively to have nade representations to the U 3 army a week ago about wide spread malnutrition among Ger man prisoners in French camps hey had investigated The representations were said o have accused the French of not living up to terms of the igreement NONSTRIKER HURT AT MOVIE STUDIO aid workers prepare to carry a nonstriker into Warner Broth1 ers studio Hollywood Cal after hewas severely beaten when he attempted to enter through a mass picket line AP Attlee Galls Labor Cabinet to Consider Strikes at Docks London Minister Attlee summoned his labor cabinet Thursday to consider the dock strike which spread to Glasgow and threatened Great Britain with a hungry week imminent tienps and delivery of food in these tightly rationed islands was imperilled No 10 Downing street issued no immediate announcement but the question of government intervention appeared certain to be raised when the house of assembles Thursday afternoon The huge docks were closed down Scottish stevedores strike all more than 4650tt strikers are out Some 2500 more walked out during Thursday morning at London and IfewcastleonTyne at Glasgow when 4000 joined the Thousands more London dock workers were reported planning to strike later Thursday for higher wages Well over 50000 tons of needed food was tied up at miles of idle wharves Much of the food is perishable Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from yonr GlobeGazeitc carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST City Fair with mild tem peratures and rather low hu midity Thursday night and Fri day High temperature Wednes day 77 at Sioux City low 31 at Iowa City Iowa Fair Thursday Thursday night and Friday Warmer in east and central portions Thurs day Continued mild Friday Minnesota Fair Thursday night and Friday except cloudy with occasional light showers ex treme north portion Friday aft ernoon No decided change in temperature IN MASON CITY Maximum Wednesday 68 Minimum Wednesday 37 At 8 a m Thursday 50 YEAH AGO Maximum 57 Minimum 35 MOST OF CORN IS SAFE FROM FROST Predict 7580 PetCent of Crop Is Untouched Des Moines Iowa Crop and Livestock Reporting Service now predicts that 75 to GO per cent of the corn crop will be safe from frost with the amount 01 frost damage continuing to be speculative until harvesting be gins In issuing its report Wednesday on the condition of crops as o the service estimated a corn crop of 529296000 bushels con siderably below last years record harvest of 607608000 bushels The average yield for this yea was placed at 48 bushelsper acre as compared to 54 bushels a year ago Other Iowa crop predictions favorably during September but harvest wii total only 36195000 bushels compared to 42580000 in 1944 harvest of 4 320000 bushels at an average acre yield of 120 bushels Iowa harvest o 2271000 bushels an averag of 229 bushels Tomato Welcome Paris press dis patches from Marseille Thursday reported that former Premier Ed ouard Daladier was showerec with tomatoes while making a political speech in southern France DISCHARGED Gl HUNTS FAMILY Former Mason Cityan Without an Address Omaha mother and sister of a discharged Mason City Iowa Pacific veteran Thursday enlisted public aid in searching for the exserviceman who they said arrived in Omaha Wednes day night and has been unable to locate them because all he knew of their address was a post office box number The women Mrs Dorothy Hastings and airs Alma Ballard of 2804Yoppleton ave Omaha paid the exGI was Cpi Willis E Ballard 25 and explained tha intouch wKa him ah ad dress because they moved fre quentty Ballard wired the Omaha postoffice in care of the box num ber that he had been dischargee from Fort Logan Denver ant was arriving Wednesday night the women explained They added that a brother Gil bert Ballard was in a Temple Texas hospital with wounds suf fered in Germany They said they moved here from Mason City years ago The Ballards formerly lived at 1040 East State street when in Mason City 135000 Men to Replace Europe GIs Paris UR The war depart ment plansto send 135000 men to Europe by January to replace American soldiers with more than 44 points now on occupation duty Headquarters of the United States forces in Europe announced Wednesday that the replacement force will include regular army men volunteers and new Induc tees The initial shipment of 30000 men is due at the end of this month It will consist of air force personnel A reception station may be established in Bremen for processing the new arrivals The announcement said the size of the American occupation force tentatively had been set at 370 000 menincluding 39000 officers A preliminary survey showed that there are only 200000 enlisted men with less than 44 points now in Europe Additional replace ments probably will be supplied fay war department requisition Future replacements will be made at regular intervals Some men with special skills and more than 44 points will re main in the occupation forces un til replacements arrive KILL FRANCES LORD HAW HAW Paris firing squad exe cuted Jean Herold Paquis Frances Thursday Paquis who broadcast viciou antiallied propaganda from radiu Paris for the Germans was the second prominent French collabor ationist to be put to death at the jail for treason in 24 hours Joseph Darnand former chief o the Vichy police was executec there Wednesdaj Still another French traitor for mer Vichy Premier Pierre Laval was in a death cell awaiting exe cution No date has been set foi carrying out the sentence and hi counsel has announced he will ap peal to President Gen Charles d grounds of an unfair trial aper Consists ol Two Ono 1250000 Pacific GIs Co NO 2 ARREST DRIVER OF DEATH AUTO Manslaughter Charge Filed Against Youth Charles Bass 17 was under arrest here Thursday on a charge of manslaughter in the deatb of JanneV McNatIy Henry 7 The girlwas struckand fatally in jured by the Bass car Tuesday arrest followed an inquest into the girls death by Coroner Carl Hauser in which 15 wit nesses were heard Eight of the witnesses testified Bass was doing 35 to 40 miles an hour in a 20 mile zone on Main street when he struck Janncs and a companion Meredith Suhr 7 who was also injured Dr E J Goen said Jannes1 death was caused by brain hemorrhage The child was the daughter of Mrs Gerald Henry and James McNatly The stepfather Gerald Henry is in the Pacific Funeral services were io be held Thursday afternoon at the First Congregational church the Rev Joseph G Morgan pastor officiat ing Interment was to be in Riv erside cemetery The inquest in the childs death was not completed Wednesday but emeu jean neroio Maquis Frances was adjourned until p m Lord Haw Haw and 4 White Rus Saturday sian members of the nazj gestapo Tne cnUds stepfather believed at Fort de Chatillon at 9 a m to be somewhere in Japan had not bppn InratprT Youthful Fishermen i Get 54 Pound Turtle DCS Moines 10year old Cedar Falls boys Walter Grandon and Gene Eastman failed to catch any fish when they were using nightcrawlers in a bayou near Cedar Falls last week the state conservation commission said Wednesday However the boys didnt come homeempty handed for a giant snapping tur uk iuj d giaxik a 11 Gaulle to set aside the verdict on tie weighing 54 pounds took the bait and was dragged ashore f J L JAP OFFICIALS R C Kramer U S chief of economic and scientific section nearest camera listens intently as he goes over records of the bank of Ja pan with bank officials Oct 1 morning after banks were closed while assets of numerous Jap financial firms were frozen Left to right Col Kramer Viscount K Shibusawa governor of bank of Japan and M Yamagiwa vice minis ter of finance AP wirephoto K A Engr n J MASON CITYAN HANDS OUT CIGARETS FOR GOOD Harold Heneman 1st battalion 4th regiment 6th marine division of Mason City gives a Jap worker who was selected as the best for the day 2 cigarets as a reward at Yokosuka marine base Japan AP wirephoto K A Engr Strong Man Peron Emerges as Presidential Candidate Buenos Aires Juan D Peron far from retiring per manently from Argentine politics emerged Thursday as a candidate for president with the warning that he may ask war to regain power Peron strong man in the Farrell government resigned Tuesday as vice president war minister and labor minister He told a Latin American interviewer that he quit solely so that he could run for the presidency as a simple citizen He bid for labor support in a brief speech at the labor ministry Wednesday night He told cheering crowds thatthe last 2 decrees he lian SlfrlPfl flG 7nHrtf tiifl Jt had signed as labor minister freed labor unions from govern ment controls and granted work ers the right to share in profits I ask for order and calmness in order to go on our triumphal march he cried amid cheers and shouts but if necessary in the future there may come a day when I shall ask war A crowd estimated by a radio announcer at up to 70000 persons heard Peron Other sources placed the total number in the crowd at closerto 10000 Shouts of Peron for President were heard Elec tions already have been announced for next April The cabinet appointed Gen Ed uardo Avalos commander of the powerful Campo De Mayo garri son to take over Ferons resigned post of war minister The other 2 president and labor not filled immedi ately Air Commodore Bartolome De La Colina minister of aviation followed Peron in resigning Air Commodore Edmundo Sustaita was named his successor L M Nicolini post mastergeneral only 2 days ago was reported by the newspaper LaHazon to have resigned also but this could not be confirmee immediately Still other resignations may be forthcoming The Buenos Aires university federation issued a declaration repudiating the entire military government and warning that Perbns resignation was far from being the final step in the Argentine crisis La Hazon and one other Buenos Aires afternoon newspaper No ticias Graficas were suspended indefinitely presumably for their handling of the Peron story Three morning newspapers announced they would not publish Thursday as a gesture of sympathy toward LaHazon and Noticias Graficas Buy your Victory Bonds anc Stamps from your GlobcGazett carrier boy Liberated Manly Seaman Tells of Scuttled Submarine Bomb of Japs Plane Hits Sitting Duck in Straits of Malacca San Diego Cal Manly Iowa seamanrecently liberated after being a prisoner of the Japa enese for more than 2 years Wednesday told how the subma rine Grenadier titled the Sitting Duck was scuttled in the Straits of Malacca in April 1943 He was Raymond G Leslie 28 was flown here from Japan and reunited with his niar garet He saw for the first time his 3 year old son Michael Leslie said that a Japanese planes bomb falling 100 feet be low water crippled the submarine and blew in an after compartment After the explosion the boat set tled 300 feet to the bottom When the Grenadier surfaced at sunset the lowan related it was dead in the water The follow ing day another enemy plane made its passes at the ship but missed With Japanese surface ships closing in the Grenadiers skipper with the cause hopeless made the decision to scnttUe his boat Les lie said A navy chief the last ROUP LEAVES WITHIN NEXT 6 MONTHS TO US Leaves Occupation Army of 200000 in Japan and Korea Tokyo Douglas Mac Arthur announced Thursday that 1250000 American troops will be ent homefrom the Pacific in the lext G months leaving an occii ation army of only 200000 in Ja an and Korea At the same time he directed fapans new premier at a confer nce in his occupation headqnar ersto free the Japanese people roru centuries of government bondage through adoption ol a revolutionary 5point program MacArthur told the premier iaron Kijuro Shidehara to abol sh all government inquisition reak up industrial monopolies encourage labor unions institute womens suffrage and liberalize education He bluntly informed Shidehara hat the program includes elimina ion of all controls tending to sup press freedom of move hat well may end the end of state Shintoism or compulsory emperor worship In achievement of the Potsdam Jeclaration MacArthur said the traditional social order under which the Japanese people for centuries have been subjugated will be corrected This will un questionably involve a liberaliza tion of the constitution MacArthur revealed that a new program of redeployment for the Pacific wonld umrmit and troops to return to the United States by March Only 400000 troops will be re tained for duty throughout the Pacific under the program he said with half of them on occu pation duties in Japan and Korea Another 70000 will be kept in the Philippines 36000 in the Ryukyu island chain between Japan and Formosa and the re mainder in the Marianas and Ha waii together with service troops for various Pacific installations Thousands of troops already were on the high seas and by the end of October nearly 250000 will be back in the United States or on the way as part of this months quota Another quartermillion each will leave in November and De cember with somewhat lesser numbers embarking in January February and March It was em phasized that before any unit is returned or inactivated low point men will be screened out and re assigned within the Pacific the ater By the end of the mass move ment in March the occupation army in Japan will comprise the llth airborne 24th infantry first cavalry and 25th infantry divis ions The sixth and seventh in fantry dmsions will remain in Korea and the 86th in the Philip pines These will be supplemented by smaller units and service troops Only 1 marine division of the fifth amphibious corps will re main as part of the occupation force Under the new pkm the Ameri cal division and the 147th infan try regiment will be available to return to the United States in No vember and the 27th division in December The 41st and 81st divisions and the 158th 117th and 503rd regi mental teams will return in Jan uary The 33rd division and the 161st regiment of the 25th di vision will embark in February Last out in March will be the 40th and 32nd divisions the first Philippines regiment and the 184th and seventh divisions RAYMOND LESLIE man off flooded the vents and th Grenadier went down Leslie said that he and othe crew members were subjected t many tortures at Penang wher they were taken by the enemy alt er being picked up months there they After thre were trans ferred to camps in Japan Former Iowa Governors Son Killed on Okinawa Harlan Iowa Gov and Mrs Nels G Kraschel have been informed by the war de partment of the death of a 2nd son James N Kraschel was killed in a plane crash on Okina wa Sept 24 the Kraschels learned in a telegram Wednesday No de tails were given Jn May 1943 another son Rich ard a test pilot for Bell Aircraft Corp was killed while testing a plane near Niagara Falls N Y Sgt Kraschel enlisted in the army air forces in November 1942 and was serving as a flight engineer Bay yonr Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ;