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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 10, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP DEPARTMENT OF H ISTORY AKO ARCHIVE ES lOI KES 1 A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Associated and United Press PuU leased Wins Cent a Copy Dr Anderson Is Surgeon in Big Hospital By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor Letter No 38 Somewhere in E n g I a n Army Bomber who labor under the delusion that theres some thing glamor pus about fight ing in the front lines in this war should haxe been with me this morning I spent 3 hours in one of the largest army general hospi tals in the Eu ropean theater of operations I went among the wards and saw hundreds HALL of lads with mangled bodies and wees awaiting plastic surgery to restore them as nearly as possi ble to their former appearance I visited the convalescent areas where boys in lounging robes hob bled about on crutches Some of them had recovered enough to ride bicycles or play such games as pingpong or snookers a type of billiards T visited a laboratory where ar tificial eyes were being made from arylic by an amazing process de veloped by medical scientists jn this war Two Col Donald B Lenkerd of Bradford Pa and First Lt W B Hall Lakewood doing this more or less as a professional sideline based on a hand dexterity I spent nearly an hour in a po sition of vantage to see white gowned rubbergloved surgeons performing their operations on soldiers freshly returned by train and plane from fighting zone MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY OCTOBER 10 1944 the European One of these men of medicine was Mai Edward N Eddie An derson Iowa football coach on leave for his tour of duty with the army medical corps This former Mason Cityan who looks forward to his return to coachingis chief of the urology section in the great hospital But this morning he was assisting ii an operation involving an exten sive skin graft to the leg of a sol dier who haJ suffered severe burns Nearby yas ai surgeon rempy ins the scar tissue from an opper arm nerve for a latt who had Ids the nse of his right hand m f shrapnel burst near Si Lo On another table was a lad with a large section of his jaw sho away When our plastic surgeons are through with him Col Lester M Dyke commandingofficer of thi large hospital observed he wil look amazingly like he did befon he was hit Col Dyke incidentally is a na tive of Orange City Iowa and he received his academic and profes sional training in medicine at the University of Iowa His family now lives in Iowa City though he ha been in the regular army for some 15 years In another section of the grea institution spread over 10 acres in a connected series of onestory structures Maj Leonard P Ris tine heads the neuropsychiatri work Maj Ristine also an Iowa med ical graduate was Iowa athleti physician and trainer before h became superintendent of the asy lum for the insane at Mt Pleas ant which position he was hold inp when he joined the medica corps 2 years ago at Schick hos pital Clinton loiva Another lowan important in til scheme of things at this hospita is Capt George Ellison of Clinton reared at Nashua the son of th late Editor Ellison of the Nashu Reporter He is assistant chief o medical service and chief of th officers and womens section lowans predominate among th staff of nurses too probably be cause the unit had its origin a Clinton In the evening at the of ficcrs mess it was like old horn week for this roving reporter This I shall remember always of course But the thing that wil remain longest in my memory wi be those lads I saw on the operat ing tables and in the pecially the one I saw drawing o a cigaret through one of his nos trils This he did because his lowe lip and most of his jaw were gone No theres no glamor in war fo those who do the frontIin fighting CHURCHILL AND STALIN PONDER ALLIED FUTURE Views Indorsed at Quebec Conference Presented to Premier Moscow Prime Minister Churchill talked with Marshal Stalin for 3 hours in the Kremlin londay night and conferred Tuesday with the British diplo matic and military staff before farting a 2nd meeting with the Russian premier W Averell Harriman United states ambassador was kept ully informed by the British delegation although he was not present at the Kremlin Monday night Churchill was understood to be iresentin his views on questions 11 Europe and which were said to have been rully indorsed before he left the Juebec conference with Presi dent Roosevelt The latest indications were that lis visit Would last throughout his week The Britons presence in Mos cow coincided witli 2 important statements in the Russian press One expressed flat opposition to altering the principal of a unani mous vote by the 4 major allied powers on the international se curity council in case of aggres sion The pther statement dis closed a Russian plan for develop ing oil resources in the northern Kirk Commands U S Naval Forces in France London Adm Ala G Kirk isnow serving as com mander o United States nava forces in France Adm Harold Stark announced Tuesday Kirk commanded the wester task force during the Normand invasion Previously he led a tas force in the Sicilian landings He served in London as nava attache at the American embass and chief of staff to Stark com mander of U S naval forces i Europe in 1942 He had a previou tour of duty in Great Britain a naval attache in 193940 Buy your War Bonds an Stamps from your GtobcGazctti iaper consist at Two NO 1 ULTIMATUM SERVED ON AACHEN part of Iran Some fields of Iran Persia have been controlled by Britain Cor more than a century The country now is occupied jointly by British troops in the south and Russians in the north One obvious topic of the ChurchillStalin conversation was the details of finaldefeat and oc cupation of Germany Another was the general outline of post war Europe The possibility was not excluded that the exchange of opinions would include other areas of the world Izvestia praising the Dumbar ton Oaks plan for international security stoutly supported the principle of a unanimous 4pow er agreement on cases of aggres sion declaring The experience of the league of nations proved useless its talk about high purposes without the guarantee of full harmony and co ordination among the powers both in the adoption decisions dictated by the interests of the small nations and in put ting these decisions into effect the 4 leading soviet union Great Britain the United States and been placed in a special status as permanent members of the coun cil No decision can ever be adopted without the consent of all In the Washington negotia tions the suggestion was made to abandon this principle in cases where one permanent member was individually interested by no allowing it to vote This woulc mean renunciation the princi ple of concordance and unanim ity any attempt to solve the ques tion behind the back of a perma nent council member If unanimity is required in the solution of general cases exam ined by the council it is more necessary to have a unanimous opinion in important cases refer ring to the very essence of the or ganization of permanent security regardless of whether these case touch the interests of a permanen council member The right ot a permanen member to vote in the above mentioned cases is but the conse quence of the principle of concor dance and unanimity among the leading powers and is the corner stone in the whole internationa organization to which there can be no exception It is clear from the published document that a further examination of this ques tion unsolved in Washington wil continue Engaged to Sailor Weds Soldier Lives With Coast Guardsman Raymondville Mo Mar garet Mae Morgan of Los Angeles was engaged to a sailor marriec to a soldier honeymooned with i civilian and now is living with t coast guardsman It all adds U to Bill Hamlett She became en gaged to Bill when he was in th navy but his navy hitch expirei and he was drafted into the army Just before being released from the army they were married anc went on a honeymoon as soon a he was out He later enlisted in the coast guard ity Must Surrender in 24 Hours or Face Obliteration By DOV WHITEHEAD With American Troops Outside Aachen doomed city lies Jefore the American first army Aachen is under paper bombardment rom our 105 millimeter guns which are hurling in 200 shells which burst in the air and tell AMERICAN SOLDIER VOTES IN GERMANYSomewhere in Germany First Sgt Denver Calhoim 2nd from of Prestonsburg Ky slots his First Lt Alfred M Saunders of Mt Vernon 0 officiates Oct 8 at voting says sK nal corps caption accompanying this picture British Invasion Troops and Greek Patriots Take Corinth Rome invasion troops and Greek patriots havecap tured Corinth completing the conquest of the Peloponnesus and win ning a springboard for a push against Athens 48 miles to the east it wa nnnrnmrpri Ttipcrlnv 4 was announced Tuesday The British and Greek forces pounded into Corinth key citadel commanding the isthmus linking he Peloponnesus with the main land Sunday morning behind the last Germans to flee the southern peninsula comprising a quarter of Greece British forward troops are In Corinth and met no opposition a communique of the Balkan air force said Our forces now are in control of many key points ana communicatiotH centersV on cthe Feloponnese peninsula Operations continue Coincident with the official an nouncement United Press Corres pondent Hobert Vermillion in a dispatch from Corinth said the British and Greek forces moved in on the heels the last Germans to flee the Peloponnesus Monday and Tuesday the city rang with victory shouts Ver million said and for the first time in 3 years the Greeks were singing and church bells were A British jeep made the formal entry of Corinth over roads strewn with flowers and colored mats The citys normal population of 5000 was swollen by an influx of per sons celebrating the liberation About 250 members of the Greek security pronazi force left behind by the Germans at Corinth The Germans themselves did not even put up a token fight for the gate way to the heart of Greece To the west Tuesdays com munique revealed British troops of the land forces of the Adriatic were storming Sarande port at the southwestern tipof Albania The assault forces penetrated the west ern outskirts of Sarande Monday British paratroopers were taking part in the attack on Sarande land forces oC the Adriatic opened the attack Monday at 4 a m Albanian appeared partisans were giving the British substantial support MERCURY TAKES DIP IN STATE With Fost Reported in Masori City Des Moines mercury skidded to a minimum for the state of 24 degrees at Spencer Tuesday morning the lowest temperature recorded in Iowa thus far this season It was 28 at Mason City The weather bureau said al though there were only a few re ports of light to moderate frost it was probable that frost was fairly uniform over the state Those cities reporting frost in cluded Des Moines Council Bluffs Mason City Charles City and Cedar Rapids The maximum temperature for the state Monday was 58 degrees at Council Bluffs No precipita tion was recorded Monday night The weather bureau predicted fair and continued cool weather Tuesday through Wednesday with frost and near freezing tem peratures in the west and central portions Wednesday night Stream Not the Fish Gets Away This Time Camp Rugglcs Ariz stream not the fish got away The state game department sadly reports that a mile and a quar ter of the best casting stretch of Horton creek suddenly seeped through its alluvial bed and dis YANKS ADVANCE IN GERMAN fantrymen advance Oct 8 past damaged buildings in the German town of Ubach north of Aachen in the areas of firce fighting ALLIES SHELL ITALIAN ROAD Rain Stiff Resistance Halts 5th Army Advance London Rain mud and stiff German resistance have vir ualy halted the allied advance oward the Pd river in Italy bul Jie 5th armys heavy artillery now s keeping the BolognaRimini Highway under systematic fire headquarters disclosed Tuesday British 8th army troops already are astride this highway at the Adriatic end of the allied line bu itstill1s of vital importance to Field MarshaV Gen Albert Kessel ring in maneuvering his strong forces laterally between the fitii and 5lh armies Allied headquarters said contin ued bad weather and the water logged ground combined to keep activity at a minimum In the 8th armys area operations were con fined to patrols while in the Sths sector some local improvements were made in forward positions Increasing resistance was en countered by Americans along the German defense line south of Bo logna and Imola where Kessel ring has committed fresh and re fitted troops to the fight to hold the Po valley Strong hill posi tions held by the nazis protect Bo logna although the Americans are within 10 miles of the city and have moved within heavy ar tillery range of its network o railways and highways HOLDOEGEU3 DIES OF POLIO Served as Des Moines District OPA Attorney Des Moines D Holdoegel 43 Des Moines distric office of price administration at torney died Monday night of in fantile paralysis Holdoegel who cave up private law practice to take the orjgina appointment as district OFA en forcement officer because he want ed to he active in war work worked up until the day before h was hospitalized Jast Thursday His wife Mrs Feme Holdoegel said he had reached a state of com plete physical exhaustion from overwork when the polio attack came He had taken only one week vacation the last 3 years sbi said Holdoegel took his OPA ap pointment in June 1942 Sine then his office had been used as model for others throughout th United Slates A graduate of the Slate Univer sity of Iowa and holder of one o the few Doctor of Juridical Scienc degrees from Harvard university he began practice in 0es Moines ii 1925 with the firm of Stipp Pcrrj Bannister and Starzdinger Holdoegel was born at Manson Iowa and was married in 192 Widely known in Masonic activi ties he was a member of the lowi State Bar Association and hai held offices in the Polk County Bar Assocition Survivors include the widow and his mother Mrs P G Holdoegel Rockwell City DIES FROM BURNS 31 a r e n R o Harlan Bollman 37 died from burns suf fered the day before Her husbanc said they had been cleaning furn ilure with gasoline and that he clothing might have become ig nited while she was trying t light a kerosene stove ioldiers and civilians they must lurrender within 24 hours or see Aachen obliterated Time is running out for Aachen The messengers demand ngr its unconditional surrender have been back from their mis sion for 2 hours and there has ecu no reply from the city A autumn rain slants down on Is old structures The deadline to determine whether it shall die outright is a m Wednesday Just before 1 p m Tuesday 3 men walked slowly back into the American command post here rom tho interior of the city These were Lt Cedric Lafley En osburg Falls Vt Lt William 3oehmeNew York City and Pvt Kenneth Kading La Grange 111 They were back from Aachen vith a white flag made from a jedsheet which they carried in o present to the German com mand and the mayor of Aachen the ultimatum of the United States army Lafley actually carried the mes sages Boehme acted as interpre ter The young tall and spike haired Kading grulpine with nervous excitement at his par ticipation in this memorable mis sion carried the bedsheet as a flag of truce They looked neither elated nor depressed as they told newsmen what had happened Eventually hey had to present the American demands to a young German sec 3nd lieutenant because ot inabil ity to reach any higher officer But nobody was impressed by this for it was only the German garrison commander who could decide What he is to decide is yet to de velop Here is the slary of their march into Aachen and back They rode in a jeep to our for ward line here at the railroad tracks rightait the edge of the city From there they walked int the city Kading striding down th middle of the streets carrying the bedsheet and the other two flank ing him They reachcifl a smashed under pass and peering through the gloom sighted 3 German soldiers Recognizingthe flag of truce the Germans waved for the Americans to come on They blindfolded us with our own handkerchiefs Boehme said I told them we had a message for the German commandant an one of the German soldiers asked what it was I said it was infor mation for the commandant Then I heard one of the soldiers whisper to another I hope it is a reason able offer They were leading us now holding onto our arms We took quite a long walk and then we go to what I believe was a German company headquarters It yas the living room of a small house A young German second lieu tenant was there He was pretty stiff and he and his soldiers there halfheiled us when we got in anc they tookoff our blindfolds They stuck their arms half way up in a kind salute told the lieutenant he wantec o see the troop commander He didnt answer hut just told one of his men to take us to another command post They blindfolded us again an we were off time to a battalion command post This was another long and zigzaggy walk We ended up in a cellar this time At this place we saw a lieutenan who was a battalion adjutant I gave him 2 envelopes each L addressed both to the German commander of Aachen and to the burgomeister and told him to giv them to his commanding officer Most of the Germans we saw while we were there in Aachen wore ribbons of the Russian cai paigns They looked tough Lafley who had been standing nodding quietly entered the story at this point He signed a receipt for thos papers and I put down the tim on it It was a m We offered them some cigaret and they took them and offerei us some ot theirs I took 1 ahi didnt like it Boehme went on smoking his pipe The German lieutenant asked me how Ion have we got I told him it wa right there in the papers I toll him it was for the commandant t say and that if we did have a re ply he was to send it to us tl same way we had sent these pa pcrs to him They were polit but very formal When we lef they shook hands Back at the underpass the took off our blindfolds and gav us back our white flag One e the Germans said Auf Wiedcrsc han as we left We didnt hca any voices of women or childrc all the time we were there Ou shells were going over the town but none was falling there Aside from the great shower o 1 leaflets American guns are drop ing into the center o Aachen ghterbombers have unloaded 00000 of these leaflets The procedure was intended not nly for Aachen but as a LESSON TO ALL GERMANY H is a sig ificant action for the outcome of lis effort at Aachen may indicate trongly how far the nazis are ady to go The colonel commanding this egiment which alone has added terrible weight of guns right here n the edge ot Aachen is sitting lere now just waiting He looks red and speaks very softly He said only 10000 to 15000 cl remain of Aachens normal lopulation ot 165710 The civilians lave been fleeing both to the east nd back through American lines Gentlemen the colonel said if there is no answer by a n Wednesday morning I attack There was no middle course for he nazi commander whose troops verc dug into the rubble of the ncient capital of Charlemagne on rders of Hitler to stand and die n its defense He either must surrender un or Aachen will be ittacked with all the power that t Gen Courtney H Hodges first army can bring to center on the ndustrial city of 165000 After the ultimatum was deliv ered to the commander and the mayor Leaflets were dropped into he city by shellfire declaring the time had come for honorable sur render The message urged civil ans to persuade those responsible o stop the useless bloodshed and destruction The city of Aachen is now completely surrounded by Ameri can forces who are sufficiently equipped with both air power and artillery to destroy the city if nec essary We shall take the city eith er by receiving its immediate un conditional surrender or by attack ing and destroying ADOPT ORDINANCE Des Moines discus sion lasting more than a year the city council adopted a nursing home ordinance which had been before the council since Jast May A registered graduate undergrad uate or practical nurse will suf fice to meet supervision require ments CASHED LOST CHECK Des Moines Moines and Ames police sought Tuesday a man who cashed in Arnes a S900 check which had been losl in Des Moines by John Baal of Des Moines Weather Report FORECAST Jlason City Fair and continued cool Tuesday night and Wednes day frost Tuesday night with temperatures Wednesday morn ing at Mason City 26 to 32 Iowa Fair and continued coo Tuesday night and Wednesday moderate to heavy frost and freezing temperatures Tuesday night daytime winds rangin up to 10 miles an hour Minnesota Fair and continued cold Tuesday night and Wed nesday frost and freezing tem peratures Tuesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 51 Minimum Monday night 28 At 8 a m Tuesday 30 A heavy frost was observec Tuesday morning YEAR AGO Maximum 76 Minimum 41 BUILD UP MORE PRESSURE FOR NEW OFFENSIVE Germans Mount Savage CounterAttacks But Are Beaten Back London infan ry closed the Aachen pincers vith a web of machine gun fire Tuesday and built up pressure on a 25 mile front from 6 to JO miles nside Germany for a break hrough into the industrial Rhine and The jaws of Lt Gen Courtney T Hodges 1st army pincers on the erman frontier city of Aachen could be considered closed Asso ciated Press Correspondent Don iVIiitehtad reported as it would e impossible for the Germans to escape in larne numbers through direct fire of Yank gunners The retreat corridor was nar rowed to a mile another field re said and Whitehead wrote hat American machine guns were on both tips of the gap which also could be raked with mortar e The bottling of Aachens fight o the death defenders came as Gen George S Pattens U S ird army snapped a German julge in the NancyMetz sector aack into a straight line Elimination this nazi pocket was reported by Associated Press Correspondent Edward D Ball who said Pattons Yanks had Cloved up into new positions ex tending from FresnesenS a u 1 nois 15 miles north and east of Nancy to Cheminot 18 miles due north Nancy The 1st army In the Aachen sector has forged a 25 mile front and was fighting on the ap proaches to D u r e n and Julich highway keys to Cologne and Dusseldorf Americans were 6 miles miles be yond Aachen and 20 from Co 7 miles from Julich where an excellent highway branches to Cologne 23 miles be yond and to Dusseldorf 26 miles away Hodges troops haci edged into the southern outskirts of Aachen one time center of Charlemagnes government but the main assault on the city had not yet opened The enemy garrison there per haps numbered no more than 1 500 men The rcichs stubborn defenders goaded to new fierceness by an order of the day from Field Mar shal Gen Gerd Von Rundstedt mounted one savage counterat tack after another The German radio admitted limited breaches in the Aachen sector but declared they had been scaled The weatherplagued Yanks hammered clown the nazi coun terblows on both the first and 3rd army fronts and maintained the momentum of their slowmoving offensive German losses were heavy and the nazi commander in the west braced his troops for an even worse battering You have stopped the enemy at the Kates of the reich Von Rundsledts broadcast order said The enemy will however short ly launch a new Brand offensive I expect that you will all defend the sacred German soil to the last And not only along the Sieg fried line where the German de fenses already strained The Canadians who cut into the nazi pocket in the Schelde estu ary Monday with a seaborne landing were reported in a field dispatch to have advanced miles They sniped the Nieu YANKS WIDEN SIEGFRIED on the map indicate allied drives near Aachen imperiling key German cities in the Ruhr American armor punching to ward Cologne reached Beggendprf a mile beyond Ubach ;