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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 9, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE TNI NIWSPAriR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NtlGHIOKS HOME EDITION TOLLVI Awoclated Praw UnlUd Pnw Full Five Copy MASON CITl IOWA MONDAY OCTOBER 9 This Paper Consists ot Two Ill One Man Opinion A CMnmaUry W EARL HALlT Editor Just How Good Was Our 81st Congress that the dust from our 81st congress has and be fore the dust and fog of our off year elections obscure our view too it might be in or der to take a look at the fruits of our 81st congress in both its first and its second session the latter recently adjourned President Truman charged re ptuicdly during the 1948 election campaign that the 80th congress meaning the last republican domi nated congress was next to the worst in history Or did he say the worst Which ever it was Mr Truman held that congress in ex tremely low esteem What he thinks privately about the congress just adjourned prob ably wont be stated by him You see this one was quite heavily dominated by democrats To criti cize this congress would be as if horsetrader called attention to the spavins on his own nag More Ignored Than Adopted In the overall picture a great deal more of what the presidenl has designated as the fairdeal program as distinguished from the new deal program of his predecessor was ignored than adopted On several major tests the administration was decisively overruled But the thing most condemning of the 8lst congress that is if Mr Truman meant what he said dur ing the 1948 campaign was its re fusal to take the TaftHartley la bor law off the books That wholly iniquitous measure iniquitous that is from the Truman point of view is still the law of the land Two years ago the administra tion could point the finger at the rival party and say Dont blame us for this law But after two ses sions of the 81st congress definite ly organized and controlled by the administrations own party this charge becomes just a little bit lacking in plausibility All Out for Military As a matter of fact the only field in which there was a concord as between the white house and Capitol hill was in meeting the military and economic challenge posed byvthe in Ko rea In some instances the law makers even set up greater eco nomic controls than the executive branch sought or wanted The selective service act was ex tended at the start of the Korean crisis All limits on the enlisted itrength of the armed services were removed Military appropriations were largely increased to equip the lighting forces of both the United States and her allies There were recriminations of course on the part of both the in power and the party out of power about who was to blame for the shocking inability of our highly touted military department to deal with a minor league nation aided of course by communist Russia Confined to Words This however was a battle of words Its continuing now into the election campaign in which the democrats seek to hold or in crease their congressional majority while the republicans are laboring to become the dominant party in congress But when it came to ac tion designed to strengthen our defenses party lines had no meaning From congress the president was given authority to establish priori ties allocate materials requisition equipment and take other action to expend the production of war supplies There has been no spar ing of the horses along this line In addition the chief executive was given an unasked authority to institute wage price and ration ing controls at his discretion War time controls over consumer cred jt were reestablished and new powers were granted to curb real estate speculation Tax Cut Out the Window With the outbreak of the war in Korea legislation to reduce excise taxes was straightway dropped A firstinstallment tax boost intend ed partly to finance increased military outlays and partly to put a brake on inflation is expected to bring into the treasury about billion of additional revenue The deficit for the present fiscal year will undoubtedly be the larg est since World war II demobili zation This was the prospect as matter of fact even before we roused ourselves to the war danger faced by our country The war economy has had the effect of boosting the national income to unexpected heights As a result of this federal income has been high er than was expected Cuts in nondefense spending were ordered by congress after the flareup in Korea Although Mar shall plan aid was reduced some million below administration estimates foreign military aid was increased billion about the planned in January Small by Comparison Such economies as there have been or will be under the various government reorganizations s u g fested by the Hoover commission will not bulk very large alongside Ctntlnued Pan 2 Legion Asks Ouster of Acheson Demands Atom Boml for Russia if Caught in Further Aggressioi Los Angeles Ameri can Legions national executiv committee demanded Monday tha the administration oust Secretar of Stale Dean Acheson from offic and drop the atom bomb on Rus sia if it commits further aggres sion The demands were made in th form of resolutions to be approve by the 150000 delegates to the Le gions 32nd annual conventior which opened Monday The Legionnaires were to con sider the resolutions at their Is general session which will be ad dressed by former Defense Secre tary Louis Johnson a past Legion commander and former Commu nist Louis Budenz No Confidence The retiring executive commit tee formulated the resolutions a its final meeting Sunday night American people no longe have confidence in our state de partment or in the present secre tary Dean Acheson the commit tee statement said We believe that it is the duty of the president to appoint imme diately a secretary of state who will instill confidence and who will gather about him advisers dedicated to eliminating the forces of communism everywhere The committee called for TJ S sponsorship of a United Nations resolution to the effect that fur ther aggression in any part of the world by soviet Russia will meet the full force of retaliation by the United Nations including if ne cessary the release of atomic weapons on Russia Would Extend Benefits Other resolutions called for oc cupation of all Korea until a free election can be held continued defense of Formosa nonrecogni tion of red China by the United States extension of Marshall plan aid to Europe until 1952 exten sion of full GI benefits to veter ans of Korean warfare aid to the Philippines and anticommunist Chinese and conclusion of a peace treaty with Japan Between meetings and caucuses Legionnaires found time to pain the lown the traditional legion blue and gold World war II vets for the most part stood by while the old guard pulled its ageolc stunts with miniature cannons anc squirt guns 8 Lives Taken by Traffic Accidents By THE ASSOCIATED FRESS Death in several forms visited Iowa over the weekend Eight persons died in traffic accidents 5 in fires and one drowned Three traffic accidents in less than 8 hours claimed two lives apiece A farm fire near Man chester claimed 4 lives and anoth er fire in Dubuque one Hampton Soldier Wounded in Action department of defense Monday announced that pi Dennis B Hansen son of Mrs Elsie Hansen Hampton has seen wounded in action in Korea Broken Rail Slows Kings Journey Home London broken rail was on a main railway line Monday morning shortly before a royal train bringing King George VI home from Scotland was sched uled to pass over it The royal train was diverted to another line and the king reached London 16 minutes late 2 YOUTHS KILLED Sioux Center teen age youths were killed when the car in wliich they were riding went off the road near here early Sunday Dead were Phillip John Terhaar 18 and Leonard G Saverhals 19 both of Sioux Center Highway patrolmen said he accident occurred a half mile west of the junction of Highways 75 and 10 six miles south of Sioux Center DIES OF INJURIES KcoKuk Welsch 73 of Keokuk injured in an automo bile accident last Sept 7 died Sat urday at a Keokuk hospital SAME BUck flii riffle 24 hours AP Wlrephoto GOING South Korean refugee safe from the fighting startshis trek homeward accompanied by his wife He leads the family cow right while on a rack on his back he carries a calf Photo by Gene Herrick Asso ciated Press photographer in the Waegwan area Russia Surprises UN by Favoring Combat Force By TOM OCHILTREE Lake Success For eign Minister Andrei Y Vishinsky said Monday Russia favors some points of the sweeping United States program to give the UN general assembly emergency pow ers to combat aggression Vishinskys surprising statement the assemblys political commit tee came after John Foster Dulles republican advisor to Secretary of State Acheson outlined the Amer ican program which calls for standby military forces to back up United Nations decisions The soviet foreign did not specify which points of the American proposal he favoredHis statement puzzled other delegates British Minister of State Ken neth Younger said If it is a fact that the Soviet Jnion accepts the general outlines we are glad to hear it It may shorten The American proposal also is sponsored by Britain France Canada the Philippines Turkey and Uruguay It calls for quick emergency sessions of the veto free general assembly when the ecurity council cannot act peace atrols of observers to report to he assembly on acts of aggres iion and the designation by UN members of specific units in their armed forces to be placed at the Rockford Woman Hurt When Car Leaves Highway Gordon Phillips 43 was in Cedar Valley hospital at Charles City Monday with a fractured hip and a severe cut on the head following an automobile accident north ofhere late Satur day A daughter Karen and her Iriend Gordetta were in the back seat of the car were bruised and shaken but otherwise unhurt The accident occurred when Mrs Phillips wife of a Rockford photographer lost control of the car while coming south on the highway drove over one drive way to a farm and crashed into another coming to rest about 100 Allied Forces Spear Into Hot Fight Across Border yards from the point where the vehicle left the road The car was badly damaged Her condition at the hospital was described as not serious disposal crisis of the UN in time of Town to Let Negroes Vote Orlando Fla will fote here in a city election for the st time in history The city coun il approved a primary election vhich will allow the Negro to vote he white voters executive com mittee which has run elections for 40 years disbanded Says British Pound Value to Be Upped GillinEham bor member C Pannell Enr la of parliament T predicted Sunday night that the British pound ster ling may be revalued soon There have been persistent reports de nied by government spokesmen that Britain soon would increase the value of the pound Britain Sevalued the pound from to on Sept 18 1949 Pentagon Warned of Red Drive By LYLE C WILSON Washington UP Gen Douglas MacArthur has bee landing too many haymaker on the Truman administra tion for them to be dismisse as mere chance Latest sock from Toky headquarters was a story tha MacArthur warned the Pen tagoii in March that the Nort Koreans might make thei move in June They made it on June 25 and put the Unitec States in a hole from whicl we had great difficulty es caping The plain implication of the Tokyo revelation that such warn ing was made and repeated in more detail is that Washingtoi was sleepily to blame for wha some persons call Pearl Harbo No 2 Only last month reporters ob tained from Tokyo headquarter a story that Admiral Forrest P Sherman and Gen J Lawton Col lins balked and had to be won over by MacArthur to the Inchon landing which broke the back o North Korean resistance south o the 38th parallel Pentagon Denies This The Pentagon sharply deniei that Whatever the inside stor may be the significant fact is tha Tokyo ever let the story leak MacArthur threw a Sunda punch in the last week ofAugus It statement mosa prepared by MacArthur t be read Aug 28 before the Chica go convention of the Veterans o Foreign Wars It was a slashing attack on ad ministration Formosa policy Unti the North Koreans marched the state department was willing to ose Formosa and secretly circu lated to its agentsthe arguments by which this loss was to be ex plained and defended when the time came The gist of it was that Formosa was of little use to us anyway MacArthurs bristling statemen made Formosa for us the differ ence between life and death in the far Pacific Thireadbare and fallicious he called arguments that we could not defend Formosa without mak ing enemies of all Asiatics Demands Defense Not to defend it he said would be to turn over the fruits of our Pacific victory World war a potential enemy It would shift any future battle area 5000 miles eastward to the coasts of the American In other AP WirephotO PRISON GOT IN THEIR Yank prisoners of war liberated by the 25th division at Namwon are gonna1 wash those North Koreans right out of their hair En joying luxury of shampoo are Cpl Charles R Thomas left Liberty N Car and Cpl Lawrence II Sweet Sheldon Va Parts of Five Divisions Wipe Out Parallel 38 policy invited war into the back yards of Los Angeles San Fran cisco and Seattle Mr Truman ordered that state ment suppressed MacArthur com plied Newspapers printed it any way because long since it had beer distributed to them and also hac been put into the congressional record Republicans made big po litical medicine out of it too White House Secretary Charles G Ross said Mr Trumans crack down on MacArthur was to pre vent confusion about this coun trys foreign policy Classic Bulls Eye The incident was a fiery ex ample of MacArthurs indepen dence a classic bulls eye on a political target in an election year A month after the Korean war started MacArthur visitedFormo sa Washington had a sudedn attack of shivers because 1st word was that he had gone without permission Later the story here was that Mr Truman and all hands knew the visit was coming up Not many believed that The mission he then established on Formosa has just folded with out much if any explanation The assumption is that Washington ordered it out MacArthur is not in awe ol Washington and has considerable confidence in his own judgment More may be heard from him Accident Kills Mason Cifyan Elmer Janssen 25 Dies in Kansas Crash Ellis Kans UR Elmer E Janssen 25 Mason City Iowa was killed in a construction accident Monday at the Cedar Bluff dam 18 miles southwest of here Janssen was driving hauling equipment which collided headon with another truck The lowan was thrown from his truck and run over The driver of the 2nd ruck escaped injury Janssen was employed by con xactors on the dam construction iob His death was the 3rd since construction got under way in May 1949 and the 2nd in the last month Janssen was the son of Mr and Mrs Herman Janssen Rockford and a brother of Art Janssen Gi Quincy N W The brother eft Monday afternoon for Kansas and funeral arrangements are pending AID NORTH KOREANS Warsaw An official an aouncement Sunday said a nation wide drive for funds to aid the Vorth Koreans netted in Poland Wcatker Report FORECAST Hason City Partly cloudy Tues day Low Monday night 42 High Tuesday near 70 owa Clear Monday night with low 42 to 50 Increasing cloudi ness with southerly winds 2025 MPH Tuesday High Tuesday 65 to 75 Further outlook Showers beginning in southwest corner Tuesday spreading over most of state Tuesday night and Wed nesday Thursday clearing and warmer linnesola Increasing cloudiness and warmer Monday night Tuesday mostly cloudy a n d windy with light showers north portion cooler northwest Low Monday night 4248 High Tues day 55 northwest 6268 south and east IN MASON CITY Globe Gazette weather statis ics for the 24 hours ending at 8 m Monday Oct 9 Maximum 53 Minimum 34 At 8 a m 41 ear Ago Maximum 77 Minimum 49 GlobeGazette weather statistics or the 24 hours ending at 8 a m unday Oct 8 Maximum 68 Minimum 44 At 8 a m 46 Precipitation 15 AR AGO Maximum 80 Minimum 65 By RELMAN MORIN Tokyo Koreans put up fiery resistance Mon day against the deep penetration of ROK forces fighting for the port of Wonsan and the 1st American troops to cross into communist Korea north of Seoul On both widely separated thrusts by the allies officers expected the local red opposition to crumble quickly But the reds gave no that they will heed a new las1 time surrender demand aired b General MacArthur The South Koreans may be pre paring to turn at Wonsan from their 90mile northward advanc on the Sea of Japan coast and strike west across the waist of th peninsula for the red capita Pyongyang 95 air miles ahead In Regimental Strength About equally distant from Pyongyang troopers and tanks o the U S 1st cavalry division crossed parallel 38 in regimenta strength on the road leading north west out of Seoul the ROK Cap ital with Pyongyang as the ap parent goal The allied ground fighting force thus are in position to miles on the westwar tack 85 on the northwest push Such converging drives would aim to strangle the red government o Kim II Sung in its home base A fierce battle raged for the bi industrial port of Wonsan AP Correspondent William Jor den with the South Koreans saf they expected to crack into th city by Tuesday morning The heavy fighting at Wonsan and northwest of Seoul ivas th 1st major show of red resistance since South Koreans crossed th border Oct 1 AP Correspondent William Waugh with U S 1st cavalry forces who crossed Monday 01 CLAIM RUSSIAN OFFICER LEADS ENEMY TROOPS With the South Koreah Army Before Wonsan UR Enemy prisoners Mid Monday that a Russian lieutenantcolonel was commanding communist forces defending Wonsan He was in actual charge ot operations they added and was not acting in a merely advisory capacity their push northwest from Seoul and Kaesong quoted a red pris oner The officers up there wont let hem the reds surrender or re treat Troops who want to quit are shot Battle Forecast Communist prisoners had fore told the battle for Wonsan They aid the reds planned to make an allout defense there Waugh said the 1st cavalry foot roopers smacked into stiff red re sistance within 30 minutes after hey had crossed 38 The reds held commanding po iitions in mountains on 3 sides of the SeoulPyongyang road The avalry troopers were forced to dig in under a hail of mortar automatic weapons and small arms fire Lt Col William Walton New on Kans said the job of knock ng out the reds was doubly tough because they were using smoke ess powder You cant spot hem he said They were fighting one mile lorth of the border There were ome casualties A red land mine knocked out one American tank Convoys Roll North Convoys of troops and supplies north from the border Ob ervation planes skimmed the northern ridges spotting targets for fighter planes and American artillery A U S 1st corps spokesman said the cavalrys smash into red Korea was the real thing He called it a push not a recon naissance or probing action The North Koreans fought bit terly for Wonsan From their ridge positions they slammed a hail of artillery mortar and small arms fire at the advancing South Koreans a mile from the out skirts Elements of 5 divisions includ ing one American already were over the border Seven others were ranged along parallel 38 to strike into the red heartland U S 1st cavalry units smashed through red log pillboxes on the border north of Kaesong in the 1st nonKorean push over 38 They waved off low flying raider planes in an apparent signal that they needed no help from the air Support South Koreans The planes then swung northeast to support the South Koreans at Wonsan 90 air line miles deep in red territory on the sea of Japan Lutherans Vote Against Title Change Dei Moinet IP The United Lutheran Church in America has decided against any change in the tit es presently in use for officer of the church Delegates representing the ly 2000000 members of U L C A accepted a special commissioni report that present titles are ade quate Dr Franklin Clark Fry presi dent of U L C A will continue to be known as president rather than archbishop or presiding bishop and heads of the 32 Byn ods also will continue to be known as presidents It was suggested however that the matter of adopting Episcopal titles for leaders of the church be discussed in general assemblies of Lutheran bodies in America The U L C A executive committee was instructed to try to have the subject of ecclesiastical placed on the agenda laitheran feneral Not An AM The special commission said a major reason for opposing it title change by U L C A on a uni lateral basis was that it would not be an aid to the hopedfor uni fication of all Lutherans in America Doctor Carl CRasmus sen Gettysburg Pa was man of the commission Delegates also heard a recom mendation suggesting preparation for establishment of Christian Kindergartens in United Lutheran churches The Rev L Ralph Tabor D p Washington D C parish and church school board president re ported the church has been asked o have its proper agencies pre pare teachers for such kinder artens The program is to start functioning in the next two years The Christian kindergarten he said should provide the child with a Christian education during he two years prior to entering grade school Enrollment at Record High U L C A Sunday school en rollment was reportedat a record ligh of 886626 This was a gain of 150000 in the past 5years Sunday night via long distance elephone from his home at Ja maica N Y Doctor Ralph J Junche told a convention session hich was dedicated to U L C A that democracy has not at ained its maximum strength in he world because it has been marred by minority group prob ems We must see that relations with ur fellow man are democratic no matter what his color or race Doctor Bunche said Doctor Bunche the 1950 winner of the Nobel jeace prize AWARD TO GEN CHURCH Tokyo Gen John H Church commanding general of he 24th infantry division has been awarded the 1st bronze oak eaf cluster to the silver star for gallantly during the Naktong iver crossing Sept 19 The red Korean high command red Korea jave MacArthurs 2nd surrender ultimatum issued Sunday the ame treatment as the original Oct 1 demand It did not answer A regiment of the U S 1st avalry division was the 1st allied JN force to enter red Korea Its kickoff across the artificial ed stripe followed UN action in cw York Saturday giving Mac Arthur full powers to unify Korea owever he can MacArthur warned this time lat he will back his surrender emand with force Bulk of 50000 The bulk of 5 allied 000 driving north to red Korea while the ulti matum was being broadcast re peatedly inKorean from Tokyo and Seoul The powerful UN ground force of up to 175000 men representing 53 nations was backed by strong and still building air and naval forces Already these have made shattering air and sea blows at ;