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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 9, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ISTORY AftClftm MOINES I THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOU Associated Fress and United Press Full Leased Wires Wive Cents a Copyi MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY OCTOBER 9 1945 Consists of Two One NO SIS ARMY MOVES INTO DOCK TIEUP DEATH VERDICT IS HANDED TO PIERRE LAVAL French Jury Finds Vichy Chief Guilty of Treason Charge Paris UR Pierre Laval Frances archcollaborator with the nazis in World war II was convicted of treason in the high court of justice Tuesday and sen tenced to death The jury which heard Lavals 5day trial received the case at pm a m EST and deliberated exactly an hour before returning its verdict Laval who refused to attend the last 2 sessions of his trial was found guilty on both counts of the indictment plotting against the security of the state and intelli gence with the enemy Laval took the news stolidly in his jail sell and announced that he would not ask Gen Charles De Gaulle for clemency The former chief of govern ment at Vichy was not in the courtroom when his fate was an nounced He rebelled against the tumultuous court procedure and sulked in his cell while his late was being sealed The conviction had not been left in doubt since the early sessions of his trial in the paneled court room of the palace of justice There 2 months ago Marshal Hen ri Philippe Petain was convicted and sentenced to death only to receive a commutation to life im prisonment When the jury trooped back to the courtroom after an hours absence Judge Pierre Mongi beaux read the verdict and the sentence in brusque formalities lasting only 4 minutes The court roomwas deathly still in contrast with its earlier clamor Laval also was sentenced to na nd confiscation TURNABOUT IS FAIR a wonderful time Australian soldiers who were prisoners of the Japs until the British reentered Singapore watch a couple of their former captors as they dig trenches in the broiling sun It wasnt too long ago that the setup was reversed When court reconvened to hear the verdict Mongibeaux warned against any demonstrations Then he read the sentence and verdict and ina cold matter of fact voice declared The session is ended The outcome of the trial of Frances most notorious collabora tionist never was in doubt from the time its early sessions turned into a turbulent denunciation of Laval by judge anfl jurors Now Lavals only hope lay in an appeal to Gen Charles De Gaulle If that and by all signs it Laval will be executed by a firing squad probably at the Montrbuge fortress just outside Paris and possibly by the end of this The trial came to a whirlwind close Tuesday with the appear ance of 2 secondary state wit nesses and Prosecutor Andre Mor nefs summation capped with a demand for the death penalty 3 of Iowas 99 County Attorneys Out of Army Des Moines of Iowas 99 county attorneys en tered the armed so far apparently only 3 have returned to their public offices Ira A Buckles executive secretary of the attorney generals office said Tuesday Buckles who has kept an in formal record ofthe county at torneys in service said he might have missed the return of some but so far as he knew the only returned veteran officials were Don Savery of Cass county W J McConnell of Van Buren and John C Owen of Washington He said only 3 or 4 county sher iffs had gone into the service and as far as he knew all of them still were in uniform Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Increasing cloudiness and warmer Tuesday night Wednesday partly cloudy and mild Iowa Mostly fair Tuesday In creasing cloudiness Tuesday night Rising temperatures Tuesday and Tuesday night Wednesday partly cloudy and mild Minnesota Increasing cloudiness and warmer Tuesday night with occasional light rain north por tion Wednesday partly cloudy and mild IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 49 Minimum Monday 22 At 8 a m Tuesday 30 YEAR AGO Maximum 50 Minimum 29 Report Vice President Peron of Argentina Quits Office BULLETIN Buenos Aires President Juan Ferou strong man of Argentinas military government was reported by several army offi cers at the Cainpo De Mayo garrison Tuesday to have resigned An Associated Fress reporter who telephoned from the vicinity of the garrison in the capitals suburbs said he had talked with numerous officers who asserted Peron had resigned Buenos Aires death of a 2nd university student in clashes with police was reported Tuesday as the spreading student strike against the military government threatened to close all high schools in Buenos Aires Students of the philosophy and letters school at Buenos Aires uni versity said Francisco Cholvi had died In a military hospital after being shot in the back daring police charges and shootings last week Police refused to confirm or deny the death Another student JoseSalumn Feijoo 19 was killed last Thurs day in a clash near the universitys engineering school Fightinghad brokenout military authori fjinT r I riinn and innearbyEaPttfa CAPT F J BIRD KILLED IN ITALY Mason Cityan Dies in Vehicle Accident Word has been received that Capt Frank J Bird former Ma son Cityan lately of Rochester Mich was killed in a vehicle ac cident in Italy on Sept 20 1945 Capt Bird entered service in April 1941 shortly after his mar riage to Donna Mae Camp of De troit Mich He went to officers training school at Aberdeen prov ing grounds Aberdeen Md After he received his commission as 2nd lieutenant he went to Benicia field Benicia Cal and later re turned to Aberdeen to take the engineering course He volunteered Tor overseas duty and left this country in May 1044 serving in Italy with the 175th engineering regiment until the time of his death He was a veteran of several battles includ ing Po river valley battle and the battle for Florence Capt Bird was born in Hanni bal Mo Sept 7 1319 a son of John P Bird now of St Cloud Minn and the late Mrs Marie Ott Bird He received his educa tion in Mason City and was grad uated from Holy Family high school in 1937 He then went to Detroit Mich where he lived un til hisentrance into the army Besides his widow he is sur vivedby a son Danny both o Rochester his parents Mr and Mrs John P Bird of St Cloud Minn a sister Mrs Harlah J Harig of Quincy HI a halfbroth er Charles Bird of St Cloud Minn 2 nieces Marylan and Alice Ann Harig and a nephew Jack Harig all of Quincy 111 2 aunts Mrs Oscar Brinks and Mis Ann Ott of Quincy an uncle Mi chael J Bird of Hannibal Mo great aunts Miss Barbara Ott o Quincy Mrs Thomas Carroll o Palmyra Mo and Mrs James Reagen of Los Angeles Cal A memorial requiem high ma will be said on Oct 15 1945 at a m in St Francis Catholi church Quincy GIS ON GUARD OVER JAPANESE STOLEN HOARD New Navy Minister Ousted Before He Took Over Office Tokyo soldiers stood guard Tuesday over uncov ered Japanese gold silver and platinum reserves or more than and allied headquar ters said the Imperial army and navy which had held part of the treasure hadnt accounted for a penny since 1937 Responsible Japanese officials led the way to the treasure Gen eral MacArthurs headquarters re lated on this first day in office of Premier Kijuro Shidebaras al readyreshuffled new government The aged but energetic premier told correspondents he was not prepared to discuss whether Ja pan was guilty of starting the war and issued an 8point program pledging personal freedom and a fight against famine New Tfavy Minister Adm Soy emu Toyodas portfolio was lifted even before he could be sworn in and Adm Mitsumasa once dared oppose Warlord Hi deki him in the new cabinet Toyoda said Japa nese sources might be considered a warcriminal suspect The impounded treasure In cluded reserves in the Bank of Japan belonging to the Bank of Thailand Bank of Indo China Federal Reserve Bank of China Bank of Italy and Bank of Chosen All impounded metals and coin will be held un til allied headquarters receives instructions from allied govern ments on its disposal seizure made quietly and without MOVIE STUDIO PICKETS DOUSED IN STRIKE CLASH Streams from fire hoses drench pickets at the WarnerBros Burbank Cal studio as private patrolmen and mem bers of police riot squads try to break up a b attle between strikers and nonstrikers Three cars were overturned and a number of participants in the clash injured before order was restored The strike grew out of a jurisdictional dispute between 2 AFL unions Fanner Suffers Injuries as Mule Floors Him Omaha W Clark 63 Council Bluffs farmer died Mon day night in an Omaha hospjta of iniuries suffered when a mul knocked him down Police said Clark was walkin in an alley behind the Horse an Mule company in South Omah Monday afternoon and apparen ly did not notice the mule walk ing behind him They said th animal brushed against him causing him to fall rcibly evicted studentsfront nd barricades ia university uildings Authoritative sources said Ar entine newspapers soon may join ie protest strikes Conversations mong publishers were said to be most complete and only a date emains to be set for the first onappearance of the countrys itire press in Argentine history The strike of high school stu ents in Buenos Aires began Mon y morning in a show of sympa y for the more than 2000 uni ersity students and professors rrested by the military govern ent last week It spread so rapidly that by lightfall police had been dis atched to every high school in he city to prevent demonstra ons By Tuesday night student eaders said hardly a high school n Buenos Aires will be function ng Order Movie Strikers to Picket Lines Hollywood strikers some them bruised and ban daged were summoned back to picket line duty Tuesday as the controversy which resulted in 2 violent outbreaks in 4 days con tinued to provide a tense situation in this show capital Inside Warner Brothers be sieged studio in nearby Burbank 200 nonstrikers spent the Patterson Warns Against Misuse of Atomic Power Washington of War Patterson told congress Tues day that by misapplication of the knowledge the atom bomb secret We may be passing a sentence of death on the future of our country and the entire world Advocating legislation suggested by Fresident Truman to set up a commission to plan for development arid control of atomic energy in America Patterson told house military committee No single department of government should be charged with a responsibility that affects the whole future of mankind so directly and immediately Even the winning of the war seems a minor matter by comparison with the importance of applying fully and controlling night on cots on sound stages alter time to records which might show position of loot from conquered territories allied headquarters re new premier told a ported Japans press conference attended by some 40 correspondents that he thought there were several re grettable points in Japans share of the Pacific bat added that he was not prepared to discuss whether Japan was guilty of starting the hostilities The premier declared it was certainly within the rights of the allied nations to arrest try and punish those Japanese who were war criminals but its up to the allies This contrasted with statements of his predecessor Prince Higa sbiKuni that Japan should be permitted to punish its own war criminals Mavy Pilots Search for Missing Admiral Sample Washington search illots were scouring the Pacific uesday for some sign of the 3lane carrying Rear Adm Wil iam D Sample reported by the lavy to be missing on a local night Sample a native of Buffalo N Y is commander of carrier divi ion 22 He was awarded the Le jion of Merit while serving as commander of a carrier of the Es sex class which shot down 232 Japanese planes The navy was unable to say at once from what point in the Pa cific Sample was reported miss ing Palestine Jews Leave Jobs in Protest Jerusalem work ers throughout Palestine left their jobs for 5 hours Monday in a pro test strike against British limita tions on immigration The workers attended meetings and prayer sessions About 50000 attended a mass meeting in Tel Aviv where the British govern ment was urged in a resolution not to shirk its international ob ligations to open the gates of Palestine which 78 persons were hurt when nonstrikers crossed the AFL picket line From 350 to 400 others went home however slipping quietly out side entrances or driving out the main gate after the picket line dispersed late in the day They were due back at work Tuesday morning The picket line broke up after some 250 marchers and 300 curb ston spectators joined in the un accompanied singing of The Star Spangled Banner led by a man on the Conference of Studio Unions sound truck Strikers on lookers and helmeted sheriffs deputies studio and city policemen stood at attention facing a big American flag flapping from a poie on Warner Brothers roof Sixtyeight injured were treated in the studio infirmary after Mon days furious fracas in which fists bottles and clubs were used At least 10 others were conveyed toa hospital in ambulances Five strik ers were arrested four men on suspicioa of inciting to riot and peace disturbance a young woman on a charge of possessing a black jack Washington iffitEighty million pounds of batter declared sur plus by the army are being turned over to the department of agricul ture for disposal to civilian agen cies the war department an nounced Tuesday London nationwide food crisis threatened Tuesday as an unauthorized strike of British dock workers which has tied up 275 shipsspread to the great London docks and 4 smaller ports London Secretary Ernest Bevin told commons Tues day that President Truman Prime Minister Attlce and Generalissimo Stalin had been unable to break the deadlock over procedure which collapsed the recent conference of allied foreign ministers wisely the power of the atom If we misapply the knowledge we now have or fail to carry for ward our research with the utmost asswg a sen of STRIKERS HISS GIS UNLOADING SHIP WITH VETS U S Seeks Peace in Conference on Soft Coal Industry Strike By UNITED PRESS The army moved into the New York dock workers strike Tues day and across the nation pick ets fought with nonstrikers out side a Hollywood movie studio Government mediators mean while sought to end the spread Ing soft coal strike in conference at Washington The coal walkout probably was the most serious of the scores of strikes which made about 475000 American workers idle Secretary of Labor Lewis B Schwellenbach said representa tives of the United Mine Workers Union and the soft coal operators were making very definite pro gress toward settlement He said both sides were considering a proposition which he hoped would bring an end to the walkout Soldiers began unloading the giant troopcarrying liner the Queen Elizabeth after longshore men refused to do the work Earlier export freight shipments into New York were frozen be cauSe of the longshoremens strike which has tied up shipping in the harbor Although some striking steve dores were working on troop carrying ships about 135 men ie fused to continue unloading the Elizabeth the British Uncr carries both troops and The workers protested against the size of the sling loads Queen which cargo Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Chinese Communist Leader Is Assassinated in Chungking Chungking HsaoShih prominent Chinese communist leader was assassinated Monday night while riding through the streets of Chungking in an automobile Communist sources said the assassination might have been en gineered by reactionary Kuoznintaner elements in an attempt to sabo tage Knomlntangcommunist peace talks Li 39 year old secretary of Chungking headquarters of the com munist 18th group army and associate editor of the communist news paper Hsin Hua Jih Pao was while returning home from visit ing a friend at Nankai university Lis chauffeur took him to Chungking Municipal hospital then disappeared Li died an hour and 17 minutes later Communist sources suggesting H might have been acase of mis taken Identity said LI closely re sembled Chow EnLai of the leadingconunnnist negotiators in the current talks with the ruling Knomintang party Communist sources said Li had no personal enemies He was jailed once for communist activity but was released shortly before the outbreak of the ChineseJapanese The assassination was the first of a prominent communist since formation of the united front in 1937 Lis fatherinlaw Maio ChunKai close associate of Sun Yat Sen was associated in Can ton 20 years ago On the eve of the KuomintangCommunist split The assassination came at a time when the ComrounistKuoinintang negotiations were drawing to a close with scant chance of more than superficial agreement Both parties were said to believe that only an interparty political coun cil could prevent a civil war in China IOWA LEGION IN EDUCATION UNIT 18th Member in Council for Better Education Des Moines Iowa de partment of the American Legion has been voted into the Iowa coun cil for better education becoming the 18th member of the organiza tion The Legion represented by C H Mnnson state chairman of its de partment of education and super intendent of the WhHinff Iowa school was voted into the coun cil at Mondays business session Named chairman of a veterans educational committee by W I Griffith Ames council president was Miss Alice Meyers Des Moines of the Iowa Association lor adult education Earlier Wayland Osborn Des Moines secretary of the Iowa board of education examiners told the group that Iowa was well on the road to higher teaching lev els However cautioning educa tors to realize that half of the teachers in Iowa have less than 2 years college training he added Weve got to have goals but weve got to have patience too Osbom asserted that we must stop teaching our youth to take anything but teaching jobs and make an effort to bring the teach ing profession into positive focus Mrs Curley Returns to Home in Grinnell Grinnell JP L G Chrysler vice president of Grinnell college said Tuesday his daughter Mrs Jeanette Chrysler Curley was found Sept 29 in Mexico City after disappearing from a San Francisco bathing beach Sept 18 was Here for at least a month vis iting with her parents and her husband Ensign Robert G Cur ley Mrs Curley flew to Des Moines with her father from Mexico City arriving in Grinnell Friday eve ning Chrysler said oftleatb our own country and the entire world Other views of the future of atomicenergy vere heard at the opposite end of the capital There Dr Harlow Shapley of Harvard told senate military anil commerce committees it would be selfish and perhaps dangerous to conceal knowledge about atomic research or obstruct use of the power The testimony before congress came in the wake President Trumans statement at Tiptonvilie Tenn Monday night that indus trial know how on the atom bomb will not be shared with other countries He acknowledged however that other nations will they already havent done scientific secrets of the bomb The discussion of atomic ergy broke out quarters too in many other In London Prime Minister Att lee told commons that the British like Canada knows the secrets of the atom bomb be hap py to discuss the future of atomic energy with the United States At Canberra Australia a pro posal came from Opposition Lead er Robert Gordon Menzies to es tablish a national laboratory of atomic physics to study the use of atomic energy in war or peace Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Bay your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy WOMAN problems are so acute in Berlin that women laborers are seen in various parts of the city Here a gang of German women hauls a salvage cart through the street being used in removing gear from the ship Stevedores lined the docks boomg and hissing the 2 platoons to take over the ob The coal strike which the solid fuels administration estimated was costing nearly 1000000 tons a day Monday hit steel produc tion in the Pittsburgh Pa dis trict Spokesmen for the Carnegie Illinois Steel corporation mam moth subsidiary of U S Steel said failure to receive coking coal shipments already had curtailed the output of steel vital in the production of such consumer goods as automobiles refrigera tors and farm equipment U S Steels Farrell Pa plant employ ing 1700 persons was completely shut down In other reconversion controv e r s i e s nearnormal production was resumed in 52 federally seized oil refineries a Pacific northwest lumber strike continued unabated in the wake of fighting Monday and the Detroit industri al area was without a major work stoppage for the first time in months In Washington after a 2nd day of conferences with United Mine Workers President John L Lew is and representatives of the bi tuminous coal operators Secretary of Labor Lewis B Schwellenbach said enough progress had been made to continue the meetings At the same time SFA officials disclosed that 675 mines had been closed down idling more than 162000 workers 73000 in West Virginia alone The SFA said the total represented about 43 per cent of the nations miners The dispute arose out of the unions demands for recognition as bargaining agent for super visory employes The coal opera tors consistently have contended that foremen constitute part of management but the national la bor relations board ruled last February that foremen may or ganize and companies must deal with them Lewis sofar has rejected a pro posal to order his miners back to the pits on the grounds that the UMW is not responsible for the walkouts and that he is not in a position to issue such an order An embargo prohibiting freight shipments to New York for export was put into effect Monday night by the American Association of Railroads The embargo affecting all but army and navy shipments overseas was taken at the request of the office of defense transpor tation because of the continuing longshoremens strike An estimated 60000 dock work ers were due to return to their jobs Monday but defied their union leaders orders to go back to work pending negotiation ol their contract differences A lull settled pver the Detroit automobile capital as production was resumed at the Ford Motor Co and the Hudson Motor Car Co Federal conciliators estimated a total of 13800 workers were idle in scattered Detroit area disputed t ;