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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archives

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 9, 1944, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES OES KOINES IA NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER VOL i MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Pros United Press Pull leased Win Cents t Copy Wonderful Work of Red Gross Seen By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor Letter No 37 Oxford England Big Bomber is a report to the millions of Americans who are duespaying members at what is perhaps the worlds great est organiza t i o Red Cross During the past 6 weeks Ive seen the Red Cross on the job under various and varying condi tions Ive seen it on the beach heads of Nor mandy Ive seen it in Paris Ive seen it at aviation bases Ive seen it in Lon don and Ive seen it in great gen eral hospitals not far from this city The crux of my report is that the Red Cross is doing an abso lutely magnificent job Millions boys in all branches of the service with abundant reason are regarding the organization as tneir friend in need On the beachheads the Red Cross must deal with transient troops Coffee and doughnuts and movie shows play an important role in the program In London and probably in Paris by this time the Red Cross concern is to be of maximum service to boys on leave some times lor 24 hours sometimes for a longer period Nineteen establishments have been set up in London mostly in what formerly were commercial hotels Skeleton staffs of Red Cross employes are supplemented by hundreds of carefully chosen volunteer workers lodging and meals are avail able for service men on leave for only a little more than a dollar a day Candy cigarets and soft drinks are obtainable at cost Movies supervised dances and various types of tours of the city are an important part of the pro gram with occasional community sings and shows put on iy visiting celebrities elsewhere torn Hollywood or At the air bases among other things the Red Cross is on hand with coffee and doughnutu when the crews return from their mis sions and file up the path to the socalled interrogation hut But its at the hospitals such as the enormous one near here that the Red Cross program reaches its fullest flower I learned about it today from Miss Helen Fox of Iowa City formerly of Waucoma Iowa of the recreation staff What can we do to hasten the recovery of these wounded boys and What can we do to make things more homelike for them while theyre here are the two motivating of the program When I visited Miss Fox who was teaching high school French inMilwaukee when she joined the Red Cross she was giving direc tion to a dozen convalescent sol diers in the handiwork room Materials and the necessarv in struction are provided for making leather pocketbooks woolen rugs felt toys and various plastic ob jects In the next room some 50 boys in robes were playing pingpong billiards chess check ers monopoly etc with others Just outside pitching horseshoes Theres tennis and golf for those sufficiently recovered Each month theres a big birth day party with presents Tours include visits through historic university steamer trips and vis its to nearby castles Not least important are the daily visits to bedfast patients to handle telegrams and cables or any other conceivable Of very special interest in Ma son City is the work of Miss Odette Stoddard daughter of Mr and Mrs J C Stoddard 324 2nd St S E She operates a cinemo bile and much of the time her field of activity is immediately back ol the front line With her giant specially cquiped truck of which she is the driver she takes movies and live talent which she must recruit the fighting men Her job is neither safe nor easy At Cherbourg Red Cross head quarters I was told she could be found at one of the beachheads Two days later at this beachhead I was told that she had moved in land with the troops And in Paris at the base of the Eiffel tower and quite by chance I met up with a Cincinnati lieu tenant who bore my greetings to her on a visiting card Already she had moved further toward the front Doing a swell job was this lads characterization of her work In this brief letter Ive no more than scratched the surface of the Red Cross field of service over here The full story couldnt be told in a book of Gone With the Wind dimensions All in all the Red satisfy need Cross has measured up to its wartime sppnsibililies in a way that should bring pride and satisfaction to its vast body of shareholders MASON crry IOWA MONDAY OCTOBER 9 1944 CLAMP DEATH GRIP ON AACHEN Willkie Rites Tuesday 40 REPUBLICAN NOMINEE HEART ATTACK VICTIM Messages of Sympathy Received From Many Parts of One World New York IP The body of Wendell L Willkie whose death Sunday brought messages ot sym pathy from many parts of the one world in which he took such a vital interest will lie in state at the Fifth Avenue Presby terian church from 2 p m Mon day until funeral services at 3 p m Tuesday The man who Dolled 22333801 votes for president in 1940 when he was the republican nominee died at a m Sunday at Len ox Hill hospital which he en tered Sept 6 The public will be permitted to view the body at the church from 2 p m until midnight His family said the body of the 52 year old former public utility executive would be sent to Rush ville Ind where burial will be in the family plot The date of burial will be determined by the return of Mr Winkles son U j g Philip Willkie USNR now on convoy duty in the Atlantic Mr Willkie died quietly in his sleep after he had suffered 3 heart attacks With him were his wife who also had been ill with a sore throat Dr Alexander Ghis elin a throat specialist Dr Ben jamin Salzen his personal physi cian and Lamoyne Jones his sec retary The colorful 200pound tousle headed Hoosier who first gained recognition as president of Com monwealth Southern Corpora tion entered the hospital Sept G for a physical checkup and rest The throat infection developed Wednesday His condition became critical at midnight Saturday night and he was placed in an oxygen tent Jones who announced the death said Willkie awoke at 1 a m and the oxygen tent was removed be cause the patient appeared im proved When he awofce Jones said Mr Willkie began to Joke with the nurse as she swabbed his throat commenting when asked how he felt How can I talk with my mouth full of that stuff Mrs Wilikie arrived at the bed side 5 minutes before her husband died She saw him although his face was concealed by the oxygen maskvDr Ghiselin said He still was breathing Mrs Willkie seem ed to know the exact second that death came She wavered and Dr Salzer and myself ran to her side and supported her She would have collapsed otherwise Willkies passing brought this comment from President Rooe velt The nation will long remember Wendell Willkie as a forthright American Earnest honest whole souled he also had tremendous courage This courage which was his dominatingtrail prompted him more than once to stand alone and to challenge the wisdom of coun sels taken by powerful interests within his own party In this hour of grave crisis the country loses a great citizen through his untimely death Gov Thomas E Dewey repub lican presidential nominee de scribed Willkie as one of the great men of our time His death will be mourned throughout the world Gov Dew ey said upon his return to New York from Charleston W Va a forceful and courageous man he made a notable contribution to the political and philosophical discus sions of these critical times His passing is a loss not only to the republican party but to all of us Americans both parties who shared his faith in representative government and his earnest hopes for world peace Former President Herbert Hoo ver one of the first persons to comment said Willkies death de prives the nation of a great and deeply patriotic citizen His colorful personality his in domitable energy and his active mind have stirred national consid eration and understanding of the difficult problems of our time HooFer said His Passing will be a great loss in finding their solu tion Willkies 1940 running mate Senator Charles L McNary of Oregon died last Feb 25 in Florida Willkie whoso brief and some times stormy political career was a paradox in American politics had been inactive for the most Part in the current campaign HIS DEATH MOURNEDWorld leaders from all over the globe including President Koosevelt and Marshal Josef btahn expressed deep sympathy over the death of Wen dell L Willkie republican candidate for the office of presi dent in 1940 Willkie died unexpectedly in New York City early Sunday morning since he stepped out for the republican presidential nomination after his defeat in the Wisconsin primary in April He kept democrats and repub licans alike guessing and never publicly disclosed which presiden tial candidate he planned to sup port if cither Instead He em barked upon an avowed campaign to force President Roosevelt and Gov Thomas E Dewey as farout in the open as possible on domes tic and foreign policies A strong internationalist he wanted to see what each had to say upon what we consider fundamental issues But his voice continued to be heard By spoken word and writ ings in newspapers and maga zines he expressed his views on the campaign He opposed the for eign relations plank in the re publican platform which proposed a postwar cooperative organiza tion among sovereign nations The net result Willkie said would be no international organization In his last published magazine article appearing in Colliers Sept 29 Wiilfcie said the 1944 platforms of both republican and democratic parties were tragic ally inadequate in their pledges to the nations 13000000 Negro citizens Willkies last public act was a conference in New York Aug 21 with John Foster Dulles foreign affairs adviser to Gov Dewey Willkie talked with Dulles at Deweys request and a joint state ment issued later said their ex change of views was not ani mated by partisan consideration or having to do with any candid Willkics nomination as repub lican candidate for president at the 1940 convention in Philadel phia was an unique event in American political history He was a former democrat He had the backing of no orthodox political organization Moreover members of the old frowned on him some Ruard Yet in losing the election he polled 22333801 larg est popular vote ever given a re publican presidential candidate And from this he went to still greater prominence In 1941 he went to England to observe war time conditions and left behind him there a message for the Ger man we German Americans reject and hate the ag gression and lust for power of the present German government In 1342 Willkie made a 31000 mile tour of the middle east Rus sia and China as special repre sentative of President Roosevelt He carried letters to Marshal Josei Stalin and Generalissimo Chiang KaiShuk He described his trav els in a book One World which sold 1500000 copies A native of Elivood Ind Will kie had lived in New York since 1933 but never cut himself off completely from his home state He always called himself a Hoos ier and he owned farms in the vi cinity of Rnshville where he spent vacations Educated at Indiana university and Oberlin college Willkie served in World war I and began Browns G Cards Q of Rushville where his parents Herman Fran cis and Henrietta Trisch Willkie both lawyers had moved from El wood young lawyer worked for a time for the Firestone Tire and Rubber company at Akron Ohio then joined an Akron Jaw firm Mather and Ncsbitt which handled utilities accounts and which led Willkie to Common wealth and Southern He became general counsel of Commonwealth in 1929 and presi dent of the corporation 4 years later As head of the huge firm he became one of the first utility men to speak out openly against government regulation of power He offered strenuous objections when the Tennessee valley au thority was set up to produce cheap power in the territory em bra c e d by the corporation he headed There followed a long legal bat tle which ended when the gov ernment purchased one of Will kies companies the Tennessee Electric company for more than TVA or iginally bid Mr Willkies death left without a definite answer one of the moot questions of the 1944 presidential campaign candidate if either he intended to indorse The blue network Sunday night quoted Henry R Luce editor of Time and Life as saying Mr Willkie had no intention what ever of voting for or supporting President Hooscvelt Drew Pear son had said earlier in a broad cast that Mr Willkie had indicated in an interview shortly before his death that he would come out for the president Only a few days before he was hospitalized Mr Willkie said in an interview with an Associated Press reporter that he had not yet made up his mind whom he would support in the presidential cam paign He became an avowed candi date for the 1944 republican nom ination but when unable to ob tain a single delegate in the April Wisconsin primaries he withdrew from the race Russian Leaders Shocked at Death Moscow of Wendell Willkies death Sunday shocked leaders of the soviet union who from Premier Stalin down con sidered him an outstanding ad vocate of RussianAmerican un derstanding as well as their per sonal friend Willkies visit to Moscow still is vividly remembered here His public statemants always received attention from the Russian press and soviet observers had counted considerably on his influence in the difficult postwar period Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Churchill Eden Arrive in Moscow Moscow IP Prime Minister Churchill and Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden arrived in Moscow Monday for conferences with Marshal Joseph Stalin and For eign Commissar Vyacheslav Mol otov In London it was announced that IV Averell Harriman TJ S ambassador would represent the United States in the conference which Deputy Prime Minister Clement Attlee described as a sequel to the meeting at Quebec between President Roosevelt and Churchill Attlee told commons Marshal Stalin who was un able to accept the invitation to Quebec welcomed this opportu nity of meeting the prime min ister and the foreign secretary so soon afterwards the fullest approval of the U S government In his speech to commons II days ago Churchill indicated that he considered a new meeting of himself Stalin and President Roosevelt essential before peace plans are revealed BROWNS LEAD IN 3RD INNING Laab Triples Then McGuinn Hits Single Sportsmans Park St Louis Cbet 422 foot triple off the centerfield wall followed by George McQuinns single in the second frame gave the Browns a 10 lead at the end of the 3 innings Monday in the sixth game of the world series the trLoui ic La mer his star lefthander to the mound Monday in an attempt to close out the first allSt Louis world series in six games Undecided whether it would be Lanier or Sylvester Blix Don nelly the Redbird pilot selected the southpaw just before the Car dinals the host team for the 6th game began their batting drill Lanier told his boss that he was fit and ready Nelson Potter ace of Luke Sew ells staff carried the Browns hope of evening the series at 3 games eachPotter and Lanier met in the second game but neither was involved in the decision which the Cardinals took 3 to 2 in 11 innings FIRST INNING Browns Gutteridge fouled to Sanders near the field boxes of 1st Kreevich went down swing ing Moore looked at a 3rd strike No runs no hits no errors none left Cardinals Litwhiler after foul ing off the first pitch and then failing to bunt swung at a 3rd strike Hopp flied to Gutteridge on the edge of the grass Gutter idge tossed out Musial No runs no hits no errors none left SECOND INNING Browns Stephens swung for a 3rd strike Laabs tripled to center field McQuinn singled through 2nd SCORING LAABS Christman flied to Hopp in short center Hay worth also flied to Hopp in most the same spot One run two hits no errors one left Cardinals Stephens made a leaping catch of Coopers liner Gutteridge went far back of 2nd to take Sanders fly After hitting 3 fouls into the left field stands Kurowski singled oft Christmans glove Kurowski was trapped be tween 1st and 2nd and went out Potter to McQuinn to Gutteridge to Potter No runs one hit no errors none left THIRD INNING Browns Potter looked at a 3rd strike It was the 44th strikeout of the series by the Cardinal hurlers tying the 6game series record set by the Athletics against the Giants in 1911 Musial made a great running catch of Gutter idges foul in deep right Kree vich doubled to center Hopp got his hand on the ball after a long run but was unable to hold it Moore walked Stephens forced Moore Marion to Verban No runs one hit no errors two left Cardinals Christman tossed out Marion Verban singled to short center Lanier singled to center Kreevich got his hands on the ball but couldnt hold it Verban pulled up at 2nd Litwhiler struck out lor the 2nd straight time Hopp also struck out No runs two hits no errors two left Detailed Plan for Keeping Peace Backed by Powerful Forces Offered by Big 4 Washington detailed but incomplete plan for maintaining peace BY FORCE was presented to the world Monday by the United States Britain China and sia and President Roosevelt as serted the task of designing the future security of the world has been well begun The organization of the world to preserve peace and security Mr Roosevelt said in a statement represents a major objective for which this war is being fought and as such it inspires the high est hopes of the millions of fa thers and mothers whose sons and daughters are engaged in the terrible struggle and suffering of war The security organization calls for converting the warborn unit ed nations into a permanent peace organization backed by powerful armed farces including special air detachments capable of light ning blows against any future ag gressors Announcement of its tentative details came as united nations diplomats foresaw the possibility of an early 4power meeting at the highest level to tighten war end relations and to complete the security organizations blueprint As now drawn it would consist of a general assembly of all peace loving states a security council of 11 nations which would have final authority on all uses of force an economic and social council to work out the worlds economic ills and an international court of justice The general assembly the se curity council and the economic and social council each would have a president but the greatest prestige obviously would attach to the presidency of the security council whose members would include permanently the big 4 and in due course France While the plan laid the 4 air forces to be immediately available and for all others to be supplied at the call of the council one author ity said it still ivas to be decided how this would be accomplished in this country The official spokesman who would not be quoted by name de clined to state specifically that the United States would have to make binding agreements so that it would not be necessary to go to congress each time force was called for The security plan which also provides detailed proposals for peaceful settlement of disputes is tentative because it has not been formally accepted by any of the governments involved Drawn up at the Dumbarton Oaks confer ences which ended Saturday it was issued in textual form here by Secretary of State Hull who described it as an effort to make permanent a victory purchased at so heavy a cost in blood in tragic suffering and in treasure Soberly Hull warned in an ac companying statement that the road to establishment of the pro posed organization will be long and difficult adding that much work remains to be done before a set of completed proposals can be laid down for a fulldress united nations conference to bring the organization into being Under Secretary of State Stet tinius chairman of the Dumbar ton Oaks sessions said in his re port to Hull that none of the gaps in the plan is in any sense in superable The chief unsolved problem is how the council should vote on questions aggression Russia contended that the big powers should retain the right to veto any decisions involving charges against ttiem The United States and Britain argued against any such veto As a matter of high policy the issue may have to go to a meet ing of Premier Stalin President Roosevelt Prime Minister Church ill and Generalissimo Chiang Kai Shck Such a meeting in the near fu ture is regarded by competent au thorities as a possibility even though Russia still is not at war with Japan They say that in the interest of perfecting a world peace design Stalin may be will ing for the first time to partici pate in talks with Chiang as well as with Roosevelt and Churchill The only thing officially an nounced on this point however is that the 4 governments have agreed that after further study of these proposals they will as soon as possible take the necessary steps with a view to the prepara tion of complete proposals which could then serve as a basis for SCORE BY INNINGS 13456789 discussion at a full united nations conference The blue print calls for this ma chinery 1 A general international or ganizations to be known as the United Nations Each of the agencies proposed would be part of this organization Z General assembly All mem bers of the organization would belong to the assembly each hav ing one vote The assembly would debate broad problems of peace and security control of arma ments and the like It could ad mit or expel members and make recommendations for action to the security council by twothirds vote It would meetat least once a year 3 Security council The United States Britain Russia and China and in due course France would compose permanently 5 of the 11 members The assembly would elect the other 6 for 2 year terms By a system of voting still undecided the council would have power to order the use of force economic measures politi cal isolation or any other steps considered necessary to put down an aggressor state First however it would try peaceful means such as negotiation and arbitration It could recommend to the assembly the suspension or expulsion of any member nation found violat ing the principles of peace and security 4 An international court of jus tice Details of this still are to be worked out it could be a contin uation of permanent court of international justice still in existence at the Hague Holland 5 Economic and social council It would consist of 18 member na tions none permanent holding 3 year terms Its purpose would be to promote international economic stability and humanitarian acti vities designed to remove the causes of war Linked with it would be such already established organizations as the international labor office founded by the old league of nations In addition to these large units the plan proposes creation of a military staff committee which in effect would be a high com mand for the organization To be made up of the military leaders of the big powers it could add temporarily the staff chiefs of other nations which were con tributing forces for a specific op eration One of the questions not decided at Dumbarton Oaks is how to dis pose of the old league of nations at Geneva Another is the head quarters city of the proposed new organization All the big countries including the United States and most of the small ones are ex pected to bid for it The plan drawn up at Dumbar ton Oaks which could serve as a charter for the organization by changing a few words does not define either a peaceloving state nor what constitutes ag gression It deals in considerable detail however with means for provid ing and using force and other measures against an aggression once the security council deter mines that a threat to peace exists Great Change in Diet gem of Americans 5 Years After War Predicted Omaha that 5 years after the war Americas diet will have been changed radically by quick freeze processing and frozen food lockers Wayne H Carver Des Moines tod the Ne braska Frozen Locker association here that In the midwest well have lots of sea foods frozen nt the source and kept fresh to our tables in lockers Well have all tropical fruits as fresh as if just picked Frozen orange and frozen grape fruit juice will be commonplace Carver who is editor of the Locker Operator a trade journal added that in nondairy areas fresh milk may come in small partly dehydrated frozen cubes You wont recognize your diet then ho declared YANKEES MOVE INTO EDGE OF FORTRESS CITY Blows Threaten to Provide Breakthrough 20 Miles Wide in Line London U S 1st army clamped a death grip on Aachen Monday in a twin drive which left an escape corridor only a mile and a half wide northeast of that an cient coronation place of Teu tonic kings Despite desperate German counterattacks 3 of them up Crucifix hill overlooking the city from the northeast Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges warriors cut the last major road out of Aachen the Adolf Hitler highway running to Julich and Cologne and sev ered most of the secondary roads Driving south from the Ubach break through zone in the Sieg fried line Hodges fighting Americans overran Bardenburg and reached the edge of Wurselen through which runs the only sec ondary road remaining for an es timated Aachen garrison of 1500 SS guards Already American cleanup squads were moving through the outskirts of the ancient crossroads city cleaning out Germans who clung to their positions house by house in obedience to orders to stand and die Hodges multiplied blows which threatened a 20 mile wide break through toward Cologne and Dus seldorf coincided with the decla ration of a Transocean military commentator broadcasting from Berlin that a general assault against the inner walls of for tress Europe had begun with the allied objective of winning the war before the beginning wini ter Hodges was bringing up fresh forces the Germans said and the battle in the Aachen area from Gcilcnkirchcn to Stolbergwas raging with increasing ferocity To the south the 7th army moved to within 8 miles of Belfort in the strategic mountain gap fringing Switzerland and pounded that toivns outer defenses with shell fire To the north Canadian forces staged a bold amphibious stroke in the rear of an isolated garrison of 5000 nazis holding on to a small pocket among the canals and dikes south of the Schelde and landed just east of the small village of Hoofdplaat 33 miles west of Ant werp The landing made before day light was aimed at the relief of a small Canadian bridgehead across the Leopold canal estab lished 3 days ago with a flame thrower barrage but beaten back to a desperate position by deter mined German counterattacks The Germans were fighting with their backs to the Schelde and the flooded Walcheren and Zuid Beveland islands north of the river where 11000 to 15000 Germans were all but cut off by a 1500 yard Canadian push north of Ant werp This latter advance to Calmpthout just outside Korteven put the Canadians virtualy astride the diked escape road out of the islands Hodges doughboys fighting 6 miles inside Germany north of Aachen battered their way across the main AachenGladbach road at 2 places and to within 714 miles of Julich where the main road from Aachen forks to Cologne 23 miles to the cast and to Dusseldorf 25 miles to the northeast Mercury Goes to 29 With Light Frost The mercury sank to 29 degrees during the night but frost dam age was not extensive even among tender plants in Mason City while on the farms only small areas of late corn suffered any damage Corn and beans in North Iowa were almost all out of danger from frost Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued cool with frost Monday night Tuesday fair with rising temper ature Lowest temperature Mon day night near freezing at Ma son City Iowa Fair and continued cool Monday night with moderate to heavy frost and freezing tem peratures Lowest 28 in north and 32 in south portion Tues day fair with rising tempera ture Minnesota Fair Monday night and Tuesday Continued cool with frost and freezing temperatures Monday night Warmer Tuesday afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 50 Minimum Sunday night 29 At 8 a m Monday 30 Heavy frost occurred early Mon day morning YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 77 44 ;