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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 9, 1942, Mason City, Iowa Of COMP NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORY AND ARCHIVES i A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PHESS AND UNITED LEASED WIRES JIASOfrTCITY IOWA FRIDAY OCTOBER 9 1942 TII1S PAPEB CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE lOyLSJOMBERS ATTACK FRANCE Senate Votes to Add 5 Per Cent Victory Tax WOULD BE TAXED BY BILL Proposal Not to Boost Social Security Levy Meets F R Opposition WASHINGTON sen ate voted Friday to place on top of the regular income tax a 5 per cent victory levy against al earnings of individuals in exces of 5624 yearly Adoption of the new wartime tax came on a voice vote after the senate had rejected a proposal by Senator Dosvney DCal to en large the basic exemption to 51 200 yearly and boost the evy to 10 per cent on earnings above 52 F R FAVORS DOUBLING OF SOCIAL SECURITY TAXES Also Friday President Roose velt notified congress that the doubling of social security taxes next Jan 1 would be not only in accord with the necessities of the social security system itself but at the same time would con tribute to the noninflationary fi nancing of rapidly mounting wai expenditures In a I e 11 e r to Chairman George DGa of the senate nuance committee the presi jneyenne Wit which wool a freer payroll present levels of 1 per cent on employers and a like amount on employes for 1913 This amendment not yet voted upon by the senate would stay an otherwise automatic increase of the tax on Jan 1 to 2 per cent each on employers and employes Formal addition of the victory levy to the new revenue bill boost ed the potetntial yield that meas ure by a disputed amount ranging from a gross tola estimated by the treasury and the set by the finance committee WOULD COLLECT VICTORY TAX FROM PAYROLLS The treasury said victory tax credits to taxpayers for postwar rebates and current deb payments would aggregate yearly and the committee fixed this amount at Single taxpayers could claim credits for 25per cent of the amount they paid with a limit of 5500 and married persons could obtain 40 per cent credit plus 2 per cent for each dependent As approved by the senate the tax would go into effect next Jan I being withheld at the source on payrolls and collected from other taxpayers along with the regular income tax JM j The president said that as soon as congress had disposed the pending tax bili he was planning to submit a compre hensive program for expanding and extending the whole social necunty sjsem along the lines he hid suggested in his budget message last January At that time the president pro posed to enlarge thesystem to take in many workers not now covered such as farm laborers and domes tics The president said the proposed freezing of the tax rate was caus ing considerable concern to many persons insured under the old age and survivors insurance system He said that the failure to allow the automatic increase to go inlo effect would cause a real and justifiable fear that adequate funds will not be accumulated to meet the heavy obligations of the future and that the claims for benefits accruing under the pres ent law may be jeopardized Cannon Gone SHENANDOAH Civil war cannon long a relic in front of the armory disappeared dur ing the night In its place was found a note If we win this war well give you another one and if we dont what the hell difference will it make After all it isnt doing any good here J Page county is in the midst of its scrap collection campaign INCOMES ABOVE U s Planes Drop 15 Tons of Bombs on Jap Base of Kiska Navy Announces Loss of Coast Guard Cutter in Atlantic Ocean Also Disclosed WASHINGTON navy announced Friday that army bombers continuing their steadv pounding of Japanese in the Aleu tian islands had dropped 15 tons of bombs on the enemy base at Kiska last Tuesday starting fires in the camp area damaging a cargo ship in harbor and strafing the radio station This information was given in navy communique No 145 which also disclosed the loss in the Atlantic of the U S coast guard cutter Muskeget the former S S Cornish of the Eastern steamship lines The 1827ton steam vessel had been overdue for some time and must be presumed to be lost the navy said Loss of tlie entire per Muskeget had a nor mal complement of about 100 of ficers and was pre sumed Text of the communique North Pacific 1 On Oct 6 army liberator bombers escorted by airacobra and lightning fighters dropped approximately seven tons of bombs on the area surrounding the seaplane hangar at Kiska Eightmore tons were droppedbn the areaand fires rC 2Two cargo ships in the har bor were attacked and one was left on fire and sinking The radio station was damaged by strafing One seaplane was de stroyed on the water and another was damaged 3 Reconnaissance over Attu and Agattu on he same date failed to reveal any enemy ac tivity on these islands Atlantic 4 The U S coast guard cut ter Muskeget formerly the S S Cornish of the Eastern steamship lines has been overdue in the Atlantic for some time and must be presumed to be lost 5 The next ofkin of the per sonnel of the Muskeget have been notified The attack on the Japanese base at Kiska was the latest of a dozen aerial raids out which have been carried against that enemy center since he first of September It raised to a total of 39 ships sunk or damaged the number of vessels which the Japanese have had lasted since they first moved into the Aleutians in early June The reference on Attu and Agattu following up the navyc announcement of Wednesday that no enemy activity had been de tected on those islands for several weeks showed that American orces in the area were keeping close surveillance to be sure that f the enemy did come back he would be greeted by a prompt outburst of bombing The navy announcement of the aboard the the vessels C o m m d r Charles Ernest Toft 35 of 64 Bean South Portland Me KILLED BY AUTO DES MOINES Guy Stephens 23 month old son of Mr and Mrs Harry Stephens of Des tfoines died after he was struck y an automobile in front of his home oss personnel Muskeget covered commander Lieut Weather Report FORECAST ilASON CITY Somewhat cooler Friday afternoon continued cool Friday night and Saturday forenoon OWA Cooler Friday afternoon and east and south portions Friday and Saturday forenoon MINNESOTA Warmer north west and extreme west portion Friday afternoon and west and north portion Friday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 73 Minimum Thursday night 37 At 8 a m Friday 43 Rain Trace 70 50 Trace i AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation URGE HERSHEY HALT DRAIN OF MEN OFF FARMS 15 Senators Advocate Freezing of Workers for Next 3 Months WASHINGTON iPj Fifteen farm state senators petitioned Se lective Service Director Hershcy Friday to freeze dairy and live stock workers on the farms Jor the next three months to prevent irreparable ijijury to food pro duction while a general manpow er control program is worked out We are convinced that speci fic action to halt the continuing drain of manpower from our livestock and dairy farms cannot be delayed longer without seri ously impairing the whole war effort they declared in a letter circulated by Senators Ball R Minn and Brown DMich numberof iarm auctions is growing rapidly and hundreds of fine dairyherds are being sold or slaughtered because the own ers cannot hold the help essential to continued operation Unless the trend is halted immediately a crippling reduction in food pro duction will occur The census bureau reported Thursday night that agricultural employment had declined to 10 200000 persons a drop of 1000 000 between August and Septem ber and Chairman Donald M Nelson of the war production board declared the time was rap idly approaching when the gov ernment must decide at what point the limit will be reached in building up the armed forces Until we reach this limit Nelson said it is a question of constant adjustment Women are coming into war industries and other new sources of man power are being tapped but sometime we will reach the bottom of the barrel There is an outside limit he said on how large an army can be equipped and supplied Specifically the 15 senators asked General Kershey to direct all local selective service boards to defer for at least 90 days all men engaged in either dairy or livestock production on farms such deferment to be cancelled immediately and the men ordered to report for induction it they leave their farm production jobs Ball said the latter stipulation was to prevent them from quil ting the farm to take jobs in in dustry The senators stressed that such a directive would be only a tem porary move to meet an imme diate emergency and would be replaced by a permanent policy as soon as an overall program for the most effective use of our available manpower is adopted it In addition to Ball and Brown the letter was signed by Senators Herring DIowa Thomas Burton Butler Truman DMoK Gnrney R S Lee Willis RInd Schwartz McXary Stewart D Tennl Ellender DLa and McCarran In a similar pica made inde oendently Senator Norris Ind Vebr advanced the theory that ls useless to have a large army f it cant be fed and suggested lhat draft boards be instructed to take no more farmers It is just as think more an army be sup plied with food as it is that it should be supplied with ammuni ion Norris declared in an ap peal to General Hershey and Chairman Paul V McNutt of the war manpower commission The Nebraskan contended there were thousands of farmers now producing to the limit of capacity whose there was a change in draft be idle next year SPEED Over 320 mph ALTITUDE 30000 to 40000 ft LENGTH About 74 feef About 104 feet CREW 7 to 9 men FOUR WRIGHT SUPERCHARGED AIRCOOLEp MOTORS I BOMBARDIER of the famous Flying Fortress family the BI7E is the biggest strongest most heavily armed of the lot Armored with leakproof gas tanks it sports in jj j Stin9er turret fight off attacks from the rear With added firepower front and back top and bottom it can take enemy fighter planes in stride without protective escorts lh 65gs from e9ht and get back home safely i Stalingrad New Nazi Plan GAIN ON NORTH OF CITY GermansCapture 2 StreetsVCost Heavy By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor Soviet headquarters reported Friday that Russian troops had broken into German trenches northwest of Stalingrad and beat off four night attacks inside the Volga metropolis while the nazis captured two streets of an indus trial suburb at a sacrifice of 2000 dead For the first time since the siege began Adolf Hitlers field headquarters omitted any men tion of the gigantic battle for Stalingrad Soviet reports said German in vasion columns sweeping south of Stalingrad had advanced into the U S S R autonomous area Kalmyck which lies along the lower Volga to the Caspian sea The Germans long ago claimed they had captured Elista a mDJor city of the Kalmyck area about 180 miles west of the big Caspian seaport of Astrakhan It was not immediately clear whether this meant that the nazis disheartened by the slaugh ter and lack of success at Stalin grad were now turning south Latest reports said the fighting at Stalingrad wasstill intense Dispatches said the violence of the 46 day old German as sault was rising despite a nazi broadcast Thursday night in dicating that axis shock troops would be withdrawn and that the city would be pounded into surrender by heavy siege guns and dive bombers The fight for Stalingrad lias changed the broadcast said German military quar Several versions of the Berlin broadcast were heard by allied listeningposts all hinting that the battered siege armies would be withdrawn to a safe distance The strategic objective at Stalingrad has already been achieved one version declared It is no longer necessary to send German infantry and assault engineers into the battle The finishing touches will now be entrusted to heavy artillery and accounts declared were intensifying efforts to blast through Stalingrads defenses to the Volga Red Star the Russian army newspaper said masses of Ger man infantry led by 50 tanks finally achieved a break through soviet lines in a work ers in a northeast suburb along the Volga and occupied two streets During its engagement our quoting ters Siukas But soviet the Germans their frantic o i jut troops i burned or disabled 16 tanks and wiped out about four battalions 2000 or more of the enemy infantry1 a soviet com munique reported Red Star said the nazi objective was to break through to the Volga and cut the red army in two Men in One Norwegian Town DV declared the defenders were bat 7 land j Describing the fight nearer the rear of the city red army head quarters announced Soviet troops repulsed four enemy attacks destroyed two tanks and wiped out about a com pany of German infantry In another sector 12 tanks and an enemy infantry battalion broke through into the street but were forced to retreat to their original positions by soviet troops who knocked out nine tanks and wiped out about two companies 1000 of Germans On the vital salient northwest of Stalingrad where Marshal Se meoii TimoshenUos relief offen sive has been striking along a 40mile front between the Volga and the Don rivers the Russians announced a fresh penetration of broke into nazi fortifications One detachment enemy trenches killed about 100 Germans in handtohand fight ing and captured four machine gunsthree mortars and an anti tank gun the soviet command said Wilson Says Iowa Rubber Plants Likely P O C A H O N T A S George A Wilson said here Friday that with prompt action small plants in Iowa soon could be turn ing out the materials synthetic rubber and even the rubber itself Carrying his senatorial cam paign into the heart of the surplus grain area the governor declared in his prepared speech that a mid west program of synthetic rubber from grain would give the nation needed rubber and the Iowa farm er an alternate market for the grain products of the land both during and after the war The governor charged that a midwest proposal under which 15 to 18 miljioo gallons of alcohol for synthetic rubber would have been produced met a deaf ear in Washington D C even though 98 per cent of the necessary mate rials were on hand He said he had no objection to the petroleum process of making rubber for what we need is pro duction from whatever out added that synthetic rubber from grain is the process best Itnowti to the chemists taking the least amount of critical materials and which can be placed into pro duction in the shortest time October Draft Quota to Be Heaviest Yet DES HIOINES Gen Charles H Grahl state director of selective service Friday confirmed eports that the October call for Iowa men to be inducted inlo the army is the heaviest yet received Whats more the November call will be slightly higher than the October one General Grahl said Reports From Frontier IndiptePopulation ant LONDON re senlmcnt rose sharply Tuesday as nazi executioners put lo death al most the entire male population of one town rounded up hun dreds of other hostages and rushed armed reinforcements into crisis areas Reports from the Norwegian frontier described the popula tion throughout the country as sullen and indignant Many observers believed the Norwegian underground might strike back at any moment open ing a full scale battle against oc cupation forces despite tremen dous odds Nazi side machine guns were mounted on street cor ners tanks were ready to dash into any trouble area and pianos were prepared to blast the scene of serious trouble Preparing for this eventuality the German comninnderinchief for Norway Gen Nikolaus von Falkenhorst was understood to have rushed fresh reinforcements to the Oslo area and to have thrown a military cordon around the entire capital city Throughout the Scandinavian nations there was unrest Ten sion continued in Denmark while Berlin studied the Danish reply to German representations against Danish noncooperation1 In neutral Sweden Hags were flown nl halfmast lo express sympathy for the patriot martyrs Stockholm reported that regi ments of the ruthless SS black uniformed nazi storm troops were moving inlo Oslo and other cities and concentrating in force throughout the Trond hcim area now the most tur bulent trouble center in north western Europe Not only had the Germans failed to crush patriot activities in that area according to reports from Stockholm and through underground channels to the Norwegian government in exile here but some elements of the Quisling traitor party were in a state of practical mutiny The Quisling disaffection was attributed to various factors Some apparently had been ex posed as patriots who had joined the traitor party in order to fight from the inside Some had had their stomachs turned by Ger manQuisling methods including the stealing of food and mate rials Some refused orders to en list for the Russian front And some according to Norwegian re ports here simply felt that the war was turning against Ger many and wanted to get out now Al least nine persons were executed by he Germans in Norway Thursday and a I0th victim was reprieved and sen tenced to 15 years in prison Twentyfive had been execut ed previously News was received of the slaughter of the former mayor and four town councillors of a town in the Trondhcim area days ago SHELL ILL USED Perhaps Death Missed by Only 5 Minutes By GEORGE WANG SOMEWHERE ON THE CHI NESE FRONT IN THE YELLOW RIVER SECTOR L Willkie perhaps missed death five minutes Thursday when four Japanese shells exploded near a railway station where he arrived on a tour of the Chinese battle front Willkie was not the least dis turbed by the narrowness of his pleased by the escape I am much Japanese salutations he said They arc exceedingly thought ful Japanese guns were cmplaccd on the opposite side of the Yel low river in a seclnr which IVillkie inspected Thursday un der the guidance of Generalissi mo Chiang KaiSheks 27 year old son Capt Cliiang WeiKuo The guns blasted big craters in the earfh and the echoes they set off in the nearby mountains hod just faded when Willkies train pulled into the station The Japanese apparently had learned of Willkies presence at the front Twentythree Japanese planes bombed and machinegunned a number of toivns and trains along the Lunghai railway which skirts the southern bank of the Yellow river between Loyang and Tung kwan At Loyang the Japanese scored a direct hit on a coach of the Blue train simi lar to the one carrying WillUic Six passengers were killed and number wounded But Willkie at the time was inspecting underground fortifica tions with Capt Chiang For an hour Willkie toured the subterranean chambers paving closest attention to construction and armament 3 KILLED WHEN BOMBER FALLS RAPID CITY S Dak Three men were killed and five suffered minor injuries early Fri day when a flying fortress four motored bomber crashed near the Rapid City army air base Col Charles B Oldfickl base commander said a board of quali fied air force officers had been appointed to determine the exact cause of the crash The plane burst inlo flames after striking a hill about 3 miles north of the base while coming in for a landing shortly after midnight The huge ship was demolished and parts scattered over the hillside The crew was returning from a routine night training flight It was the first plane accident at the vwuat UNames of those dead and in continent red were Announced but did not over the occupied include any lowans HUGE SPOUT OF FUME SMOKE LEFT IN LILLE 4 of Big American Planes Are Lost in Huge Daylight Assault LpNDON than 100 United States fourmotored fortresses and the Lille in dustrial region of northern France Friday and shot down five enemy planes Four of he United Stales bombers were lost but the creiv of one was safe in the biggest American bomber and fighter force ever to lake tlie air in the European theater United States army headquarters announced The focus of the attack was the FivesLillc steel and locomotive works Flyers of the h i g hallitude bombers said they could see many bursts on the target and a huge spout of flame and smoke rising from it as they wheeled away Many squadrons of allied fight ers including United States units flying United States planes made supporting and diversionary sweeps during this operation and fulfilled their mission without a loss Besides sending fleets of their two biggest bombers both of which have established spectac ular records for daylight pre cision bombings and toughness against enemy fighters the United Stales forces engaged their own fighter planes against the enemy Official reportsvneverJhcrpre pilots operating any but British made spitfires The flying have been used principally in this and the Pacific theaters The liber seen most of their service so far against tlie axis in the Mediterranean area A big part the bombing force an extraordinary number for a daylight raid was made up ol great fourmotored flying fort resses and the Americans were joined in the assault by the HAP and many squadrons of allied fighters Single planes of the RAF bomb er command striking at Germany in broad open daylight bombed objectives in the upper Rhineland iriday morning the air ministry announced This morning single aircraft of the bomber command one which is missing bombed objec tives in the upper said a communique Yesterday afternoon beau fighters the coastal command destroyed one Junkers88 over the Bay of Biscay The fortress bombers and es corting of which were spitfires and hurricanes flown by United States pilots roared out to ivtiat was believed to have been the largest day ISht operation of its kind in the war This blow came only 48 hours after the United States army command had warned French workers through a BBC broad cast to move away from the vi cinity of French war factories which were helping the Germans Observers on the saw the skyfilling squadrons ovoia wide that one bomber force alone num bered more thaii 100 planes A bright sun shone and visibil ity was excellent over the Dover straits as the united nations planes shuttled to and fro throughout the mornin At The operation was first ob served early when squadrons of spitfires returned from the direction of Calaisand Cape Gris on the French side Larger formations of fighters soon were fanning out toward the French and Belgian coasts Then the largest formation of United Slates bombers yet seen in Britain with a big escort of Spitfires and hurricanes droned out over the channel past Rams Rate Still later glistening United States fighters bound back from the direction of Dieppe dived out of the sun toward Folkestone Canadian fighter squadrons were understood to have formed part of the fortress convoy At The largest number of fighters and fighterbombers seen aloft in months passed over one south coast town headed toward the activity French coast Boulogne and Calais was ;