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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, October 09, 1941

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 9, 1941, Mason City, Iowa 1 NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP DEPARTMENT OF HIJTOIY ARCHIVED tCS WUINCS IA VOL XLVII Auocun PBESS THI NEWSPAPW THAT MAKES All NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION MASON CITY THI BRIGHT SPOT THIS PAPEB CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS PRESIDENT OF PANAMA FLEES r mr Into Nazi HandsRevise Neutrality Act CLAIM RED ARMYS POWER CRUSHED PRONAZI CHIEF Speedily Arm Merchant Ships M MM VpRY BOAS IN COU DTHI Government Overthrow Without Bloodshed in Move Favorable to U S PANAMA CITY UR pvo jcniiAivuv JJJX VUH Pro I nazi President Arnulfo Arias fie j to Cuba by airplane and the gov j ejnment was overthrown by I bloodless coup detat Thursday a r reports circulated that two im j portant German diplomats wer hastening to Panama j Ernesto Jean Guardia sec ond vice president of Panama as sworn in as President after the peaceful of the Arias government by democratic J elements ted by Adolfo deIa ir fetet was not available and presumably had fled the country Even as Guardia took powe over the little republic which flanks both sides of the vita Panama canal zone it was re ported that the secretary genera or the German minister lor Cen Foes of Arias Had Charged That He Was AntiAmerican By The Associated Press The Arias regime in office about one year recently had re fused to allow ships flying the flag of Panama to be armed Many ships under Panama reg istry are carryinr United States war aid to Great Britain Arias was said to have flown to Barranqnilla Colombia in a Pan American Grace Airways plane and since to have reached Cienfneeos Cuba One report said he surround ed his departure with utmost secrecy using his mothers maiden name forbidding dis closure that he had left and fail ing to designate a temporary successor Arias was reported in Ha vana to have been in the Cuban capital incognito since Wednes day morning using the name A Madrid his mothers name Neither how he reached there nor his present whereabouts were known Although no official reason was given for Arias departure political circles said that pres sure had been brought against him by political opponents His foes accused him Of being antiAmerican and pronazi and were said to have feared that his nationalistic policies might jeopardize the countrys rela tions with the UnitedStates On the surface here was no indication that other than in ternal politics were in the back ground of the presidents fligTit tral America had arrived by air plane Wednesday It was not known where he flew from or whether he was in Panama The same sources said that Otto Reinebeckthe German min ister for Central America had ar ranged to riy here Thursday but changed his plans at the last minute because of the coup detat A reliable quarter reported that several officials of the Arias ad ministration have been arrtsted including Antonio Izasa private secretary to Arias Olmeda Fab rega an aide of Arias Lieut Col Nicolas Barletta mayor of Pan ama City and Cristobal Rodriguez Speedily Arm Merchant Ships to Unshackle Hands of U RoosevelUJrges Congress Leaves Door Open to Permit Boats to Go to Belligerent Ports resigning in favor of another Presumably Adolfo de 1 Ouardia if Reports circulated in Panan that the United States army pc sonnel had been called out Panamanian territory Wednesda night and Thursday and had bee forbidden to leave the Canal zon weie denied by Lieut Col Lesli D Carter the chief G2 Quarry Heights headquarters Is United States troops were seen Panama Cify Thursday althoug it was pointed out most of the were on duty at the various arm posts The new regime took over au thonty shortly before 11 a m Thursday Leader of the coup was ident lied as Adolfo de la Guardia set retary of the government No Woodshed was reported bu a strong police guard was thrown about headquarters of Ariaspolice all memberso the staff and employes of the gov ernment newspaper La Tribun were arrested and other Aria supporters were reported in cus tody Whether Arias slipped out of Panama in advance of the coup having obtained foreknowledge what was impending or whether the leaders of the coup took advantage of his absence to execute their plans was not immediately clear Meantime it was learned Ed win C Wilson U S ambassado anama was in conferenc Wednesday night with Lieut Gen rank M Andrews commander o he Caribbean defense area an the conferences were resumec Thursday morning AKNCLFO ARIAS chief flees presidency continued to secretary of the cabinet member Public services function normally It was assumed in well in formed circles that thc new presidentGnardia will remain in office only for a few hours MYSTERY SEEN N F R LETTER White House Puzzled How Nazis Got Note Addressed to Stalin WASHINGTON while ouse shared public mystification lursday on how the German ivernment learned what was in letter President Roosevelt sent remier Stalin promising Russia d against Germany Stephen Early presidential sec retary said this government did not know how it happened but the significant thing is the use the Germans tried to make of the letter The published German version had the salutation and conclusion in friendly personal phrases Early added there was no reason why the letter should not have been released generally in Mos cow since it was not regarded here as confidential WASHINGTON Koosevelt asserting it was time for the United States to stop playing into Hitlers hands and to un shackle our own urged congress Thurs day to revise the neutrality act speedily to permit the arm ing of Ameri can merchant vessels In a special message he also left the door open for furthr that Adolf Hitler has offered a challenge which we as Americans can not and will not 7 lhe President said We wijl not let Hitler pre scribe the waters of the world which our ships may travel ihe American flag is not eoinr to be driven from the seas either by his submarines his airplanes or his threats We can not permit the affirma ive defense of our rights to be annulled and diluted by sections of the neutrality act which have rained our course We intend to maintain lhe se curity and the integrity and the honor of our country We intend to maintain the pol of protecting the freedom of he seas against dominaton by any foreign power which has be come crazed with a desire to con i WOTlf We sha11 do with all our strength and air our heart and all our mind Administration leaders moved rapidly to implement the presi bills n both houses to repeal the neutrality act provision against of mer vessels Resolutions offered in the sen te by Chairman Connally D thc foreign relations ommittee and in the house by hair of e ouse Chairman Bloom DN Y would e foreign affairs group pecifically authorize the ent during the period of or permit the American merchant fotherpereons injured wHSTa tkst Decree Bans Start of Any Construction Taking Supplies Vital for National Defense til C D Ubl if h Pa I i ti r within the holds of bur ships leads me to recommend that you with all speed strike the prohibition against arming our ships from the statute books He then continued There ar other phases of the neutrality ac to the correction of which f hop the congress will give earnest an early attention One of these pro visions is of major importance u ufc AI1UJUL llliJJUl ItllUJt eui of un J believe that it is essential t ius ambition of madmen proper defense of our countrj assistance which we are now giv ing to the aggressors For in ef feet we are inviting their contro of the seas by keeping our ship out of the ports of our own friends It is time for this country tc stop playing into Hitlers hand and to unshackle our own The president said that most o the vital goods authorized by con gress in the Jenalease act wen being delivered to Hitlers cne miesyet many were being sent to the bottom of the ocean As this country approaches full produc tion requiring the use of more ships now being built he added i would be increasingly necessary lp deliver American goods under the American flag I earnestly trust that thc con gress will carry out the true in tent of the lendlease act by mak ing it possible for the United btates to help deliver the articles to these who are in a position ef fectively to use them he con tinued In other words I ask for congressional action to implement congressional policy Let us be consistent In the opposing camp mean nhile critics of the administra tions foreign policy avowed their determination to fight every at tempt o amend the law as bein m fac an authorization to carry on war Senator Tatt ROhio disclosed that the opposition strat egy had been mapped Wednesday night at abipartisan meeting at tended by some 60 members of congress it was obvious that ortd conditions had changed vio ently SInce the first neutrality ln W35 the presi The revisions which I suggest o not call for a Separation i of than the e n ct called for a declaration of war his is a matter of essential de cnse of American rights Mr Roosevelt said it was an mpcrative need now to equip merican merchant vessels with Even before the message ap arose in the scn e that medication of the law o beyonH a rescmdingof the ban gainst arming merchantmen re faced the Presi 0 1 i Presen id m his message not only with he old type of pirates but with he modem pirates of the sea who avel beneath the surface or on ie surface or in the air destroy g defenseless ships without ammg and without provision for Cf the Removal of the armed ship ban Mr Roosevelt said was not more important than some Jther crippling provisions in the ircstnt act but anxiety for the of our crews and of the almost priceless goods that are Card Players WiH Get Heads Shaved BUDAPEST Hungary Zagreb dispatches said Thursday shaving of heads had been de creed m Belgrade as a punish ment for card players both men and women Police have been making a drive against the pas time closing 100 places in scries of raids one Travel Cost Up 5 Per Cent With New Tax WASHINGTON cost or travel will go up 5 per cent nt midnight Thursday because of a new federal tax the public health and safety The ruling applied the SPAB announcement said to power navigation and flood control projects office buildings post offices hotels highways and even residential construction Its effect was to suspend such DuildinS for the ficials said The ruling carried thc implica lon lhat the priorities division headed by Donald M Nelson bv using its priority power to deny materials to projects it considers unessential could block public works projects approved by con In such a case it would permit exercise of a virtual veto power 10 halt action on one project ap proved by congress while permit ing another project contained in Lfame IeSsIation to go ahead The SPAB announcement said the new policy means that iwo tests will be applied hereafter to every building project this construction in volve the use of appreciable quantities of such critical ma terials as steel copper brass aluminum and bronze the construction directly necessary for national defense or clearly essential for thc health and safety of he civil ian population If the answer to the first ques lon is yes and the answer to thc second question is no priorities or the critical materials involved vill not be issued the announce ment said In cases where construction has tarted and is substantially com peted SPAB said efforts will be made to get the critical mate ials needed to finish the job S60 Candy Bar SEATTLE That turned ut to be a S50 candy bar Thomas Icntz ale Wednesday While driving across a bridge e pulled thc candy wrapper out t his pocket and threw it awav Mong with it went three S20 bills He went back to hunt for his noney All he found was thc I TURKEY NAZIS SIGN TRADE PACT Germany Will Send War Material in Return for Raw Products BERLIN Conclusion of a GermanTurkish rode treaty in volving 200000000 rcichs marks nominally 580000000 on each side 31 1 was announced officially A spokesman said that thc pact signed Thursday at Ankara called on Germany to send war material and iron and steel pro ducts in return for Turkish ex ports of raw materials principally cotton tobacco olive oil and min Dr Karl Clodius Berlin eco nomic expert and thc Turkish Joreign Minister Skuru Saraconlu signed the treaty BLUFFS MAX DIES COUNCIL BLUFFS Thc death Wednesday night of William Lauder 67 Cothicil Bluffs brought to four the number of traffic fatalities here this year Lauder died of injuries received Monday when struck by a taxicab Says Britain Cant Stage Real Drive LONDON military irclies Thursday described the German drive on Moscow as Hie giavest threat to the allies since Dunkirk and indicated that neither a British offensive blow iri the webt nor thc BritishAmerican war aid now cmoutc to Russia would affect the immediate out come In other words it was indl caled the battle in Russia at thc moment is entirely up to the fed army The Daily Sketch expressed dominant opinion in London sources in comment on the sug gestion of the Moscow red fleet publication that the time was ripe for a great British land navaland an blow m thc west to offset the nazi eastern drive The appeal comes from an ally t a supreme hour of trial and is V Snored the Sketch But Hwaspointed out Britain implydoes not have the materials jjviiandtp stage a real offensive against the naziheld continent despite the weakening of German garrisons in thc west Even lhe Royal Air Force of fensive against Germany and the nazi forces in Europe has been or week of bad British military circles said h f he War trials unich the BritishAmerican commission to Moscow promised Hie red army would not affect the immediate because they will not arrive in lime The most urgent problem tor the Russian high command now i oT if dl1 lhe of te bulk of the reel army from the German traps even if such action involves the loss of Mos cow The British view was half 3loom and half exasperated futility n surveying the prospect of ec maintaining an eastern front VICTORY BOAST ANNOUNCED BY GREAT FANFARE Titanic Battles Said by Russians to Have Stemmed Onslaughts By JOE ALEX MORRIS United Press Foreign News Editor Adolf Hitlers third and great est offensive against Russia reached flood tide Thursday A stream of proclamations communiques and announce ments from Berlin claimed nazi forces have smashed to within 1Z5 miles or closer of Moscow that the whole Russian f ront nas been broken that 60 to 70 soviet divisions possibly men have been aorrnvnd Wat soviet DM been crushed London admitted he situation ts almost as grave as possible and compared it with the nadir of British hopes after Dunkirk In Moscow too there was no deny ing the critical threat but it was claimed that tilanic battles around Vyazma and north of Orel have least for the halted the surge of the wehrmacht to ward Moscow Thursday was the eighth day o the German affeushe The picture painted in Ber lin ivas of hordes of nazi forces advancingswiftly toward Mos cow under sunny skies and alonff dry roads leaving behind Ihcm the encircled and pulver ized armies of Marshal Semyou Timoshenkos central front le noith Berlin said Mar shal Klementi Voroshiiovsarmies are pinned down at Leningrad To the south Berlin added the com e com mand of Marshal Semyon Bud Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Partly cloudy to fair and cooler with light frost Thursday night Friday fair warmer west in afternoon MINNESOTA Fai night light to frosts noon Thursday locally heavy Warmer Friday after IN MASON CITY weather statistics Maximum Wednesday vo Minimum Wednesday night 50 At 8 a m Thursday Rain lrac YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 35 clashes in t ;