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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 8, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME SF ANB ARCHIVES CIS I A l THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL UD Awodatrt Pica ud United mil Land Wins m Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 8 1947 Tills Paper of Two No 309 SEEK 60DAY WHISKY HOLIDAY SHOWDOWN ON BALKANS ISSUE DRAWS NEARER Compromise Between Russia and U S Fades Alter Hot UN Session Lafe Success fiery wind up of general debate over the ex plosive Balkans issue brought the United Nations assemblys politi cal committee nearer Wednesday to a showdown choice between the United States and Soviet Russia After one of the most tumultu ous debates in United Nations his tory the 57nation group turned to consideration of a batch of resolutions with chances apparent ly gone for a compromise of the clash between Russia and the western powers The immediate issue boiled down to a decision between 2 basic pro posals for dealing with the quar rel between Americansupported Greece and her Sovietbacked Balkan neighbors 1 The American resolution charging Albania Bulgaria and Yugoslavia with aggression and calling for a new borderwatch to take the place of the defunct Bal kans investigation commission set up by the security council 2 Russias demand that foreign troops be withdrawn from Greece and that a U S commission be set up to make sure that any economic aid is solely in the interests of the Greek people Some delegates thought the de cision might be reached before the weekend but the Balkans dispute promised to continue through most of the remainder of the assembly session The assembly itself must make the final decision by a two thirds vote after the committee has acted First up for consideration was a French amendment which would remove of the tiie resolution by strik ing accusations against Greeceb neighbors It was offered as a compronuscj but has been re jected outright by both Russia and Yugoslavia Shouted criticism of the former Balkan commissions report by Ales Bebler Yugoslav delegate turned the debate Tuesday into a tense session which appeared heading toward actual blows Called to order by Chairman Jo seph Been Luxembourg for his charge that the British had as sassinated a former Greek cabi net minister named Zevgos and told he could not use the word assassinate Bebler retorted Ill use it without your permis sion Premier PaulHenri Spaak of Belgium got the floor and de clared that If the force of the or ator can be judged by the insults he makes then he has reached the summit of eloquence Bebler was called down also by Britains Hector McNeil who said the Yu goslav would recover from his hysteria and doubtless apologize Sweden eased the tension with a resolution to set up a new com mission to tackle the Balkans dif ficulty and thereby defer the whole issue An American spokes man indicated theUnited States deegation deemed this no solu tion The SovietAmerican clash turned another committee session Tuesday into a noisy outbreak The assemblys social committee beat Russian resolution which would have had the assem bly call on the world press to ex pose fascism and warmonger ing The committee however ap proved unanimously the calling of a world conference on freedom of information and the press for next March in Geneva If it is held the Russians declare they will renew in Geneva their campaign against fascism and war mongers The assembly now must act on the proposal for the conference Issue National and State Bank Calls Des Moines Jf The state banking department Wednesday announced it had issued a call to state banks in Iowa for a report on conditions as of the close of business Oct 6 A similar callto national banks was issued Wednesday by the na tional comptroller of currency SAME DATE While fiif mtanj no death IB put 24 hout Rail Rate Hike to Cost Public Washington inter state commerce commission has granted the nations railroads freight and passenger rate in creases that will cost the public about by the end of the year The commission authorized a countrywide emergency jump of 10 per cent in freight rates ef fective on 3 days notice Southern railroads also were permitted to raise passenger coach fares by 1363 per cent and Pull man fares by 606 per cent on 5 days notice Then passengers traveling in the area east of the Mississippi and south of the Ohio and Potomac rivers will pay the same fares recently approved for the northeast Carriers in the northeast will get about out of the freight increase this year the com mission said Southeastern roads will get and western lines The increases apply to all commodities except coal coke and iron ore on which specific per ton raises were al lowed The commission rioted objec tions to the increases on grounds that they are inflationary but added In our judgment that factor is outweighed by the necessity of keeping the carriers in the face of higher costs of operation in a reasonably healthy condition To take care of the demand of the public for adequate transporta tion The report emphasized that many of the nations most import ant railroads are facing a serious threat to their service because of mounting costs The country im peratively demands a transporta ion system adequate for the na ional defense in any emergency the report added Coastwise steamship companies were included in the order as well as freight forwarders whose busi ness it istojpollectjmiscellaneous freight forshipment WHOLESALE FOOD PRICES DECLINE Index Discloses Drop of 10 Cents New York UPJ Dun Bradstreet Inc wholesale food index declined 10 cents in the week ended Tuesday the agency reported Wednesday The index for the latest week dropped to from in the week ended Sept 30 This com pared with ago The latest level is 29 cents under the alltime high of regis tered by the index in the week ended Sept 16 Tile was used on dwellings and temples in Italy before the days of great Roman architecture LOOK Notre Dame First in National Grid Poll See Page 15 Hardin Leads Area in Savings Bonds Sales See Page 4 Swine Feeders Field Day at Mason City Octv 15 See page 22 ANDERSON ASKS LOCALIZING OF FARM PROGRAM Wants Nations Future Plan Centered More in States and Counties Washington of Agriculture Anderson proposed Wednesday that the nations fu ture farm program be centered more in the states and counties To do this Anderson suggested that farmers elect their own coun ty committees to develop and carry out projects State commit tees would serve as a link be tween the county groups and the agriculture department He told the senate and house agriculture committees studying a longrange farm program It seems to me perfectly plain that agriculture activities should be brought to a focus at one point in every county Anderson said It is only good sense for county groups to take responsibility for such things as developing their own conserva tion plans approving requests for assistance from soil conservation districts determining farm acre age allotments and farm market ing quotas when such programs are in effect and certifying elig ible applicants for farm home ad ministration loans The secretary made the pro posal as he finished presenting his departments longrange pro gram for agriculture This in cluded a proposal for revising the parity price formula a national policy for maintaining high food consumption and continued gov ernment supports of farm prices Andersons suggestions for cen tering more activities in counties and state groups included 1 Setting up a TJSDA farmer elected county committeein each county 2 H 6 u s i n g all agricultural agenciesin thj county at one lo cation 3 Setting up a TJSDA state com mittee in each state 4Puttingthe soil conservation service and agricultural conser vation program activities into one conservation program and agency 5 Provision for an assistant secretary of agriculture The sec retary could assign him national responsibility with respect to the state and county USDA commit tees He also could be given re sponsibility for fitting together the work of departmental agencies carried out in the counties The departments proposal for revising or modernizing farm parity prices brought quick pro tests from some committee mem bers Rep Face a member of the agriculture committee called it modernizing in reverse It is an abandonment of basic principles of parity he said It is hard to believe that congress ever will adopt such a program Rep William S HOI announced committee members told a reporter theres going to be a real battle before the parity for mula is changed and I predict there wont be much change in it at all Present parity is a formula de signed to give farmers the same purchasing power they had in some past favorable period us ually 19091914 It is used as a guide by the government in de termining the level at which it will support prices The new formula proposed by the agriculture department would boost price parity for livestock and dairy products and lower it on grains and cotton It was suggested to a joint meet ing of house and senate agricul ture committees as part of a long range farm policy of organized sustained and realistic abundance British Mother Ponders Move to Get Back Baby Son in U S Greensboro N Car next move appeared Wednesday to be up to Mrs Madge Vincent in Leeds England in her announced plan to regain custody of her 10 months old son brought to Greensboro in a 4000 mile plane and train dash by her exGI husband Curtis Elmer Vincent 25 year old Greensboro department store clerk and former air corps private meanwhile maintained that he had not kidnaped his son as charged by his British wife There was no kidnaping about it Vincent said in a statement regardiflg his Sunday afternoon walk in Leeds that wound up in a transAtlantic plane trip to New York Vincent finished his journey here Tuesday by train climaxing the long trip in which he did diaper and feeding duty virtually unassisted Vincent conferred with attor neys here in connection with his wifes announced intentions to bring court action to regain cus tody of the child Van Melvin He was reticent in discussing his wifes plans but said he would see his efforts through to a finish to retain custody of the child In Leeds Mrs Vincent was informed Tuesday that the Amer ican government could not take a hand in her effort to regain cus tody of the child She was in formed by J C Groeninger V S consul at nearby Bradford that it was a matter between husband and wife Earlier she had been told by her father that a British court order would not be enforce able in the United States Tuesday night Mrs Vincent said she was going away from Leeds for a few days holiday to get over the shock of her hus bands departure with the baby AP Wlrephoto PRESIDENTIAL HOPEFULS Robert Taft left and Harold Stassen right have breakfast with W H Brentcn president of the Iowa Bankers association in a Des Moines hotel Wednesday morning Des Moines potential contenders for the 1948 republi can presidential nomination had breakfast together Wednesday They Senator Robert A Taft of Ohio and former Gover nor Harold Stassen of Minne sota who were also luncheon guests at a statewide republi can gathering Stassen is an an nounced contender for the nom ination Taft is expected to an nounce soon The breakfast meeting between the 2 was genial Happy to see you looking so well Stassen greeted Taft Very glad to see you Taft replied They breakfasted as guests of W H Brenton president of the Iowa Bankers association in Brentons hotel suite Stassen addressed the bankers Tuesday night and Taft was on Wednesdays program There were no pickets at the railroad station or at the hotel as Taft arrived He still wore a band age on his hand as the result of having it mashed in a car door on his recent west coast tour Mrs Taft did not accompany him Stassen Calls for Congress Action on Foreign Currency Germany and Slipport for Franc and Lire Des Moines JP Harold E Stassen appealed here Tuesday night for action by a special ses sion of congress to establish a new currency for Germany and to sta bilize the French franc and the Italian lire Stassen former governor of Minnesota spoke his views on monetary problems at a meeting of the Iowa Bankers association annual convention Senator Hobert A Taft of Ohio also spoke before the bankers at Wednesdays session Stassen is a declared candidate for the re publican presidential nomination and Taft is a potential candidate but their appearances were billed on a nonpartisan basis Stassen told the convention that cigarets were more valuable than marks in Germany and that the Germany economy could not be rebuilt without a new outlook He said that the American con cept of free enterprise depends upon sound money and that the prompt beginning of a long term approach to our task in Europe is imperative The president should promptly call a special session of congress Stassen said He asserted that the problems of providing food for Europe would be solved but said that ac tion should be taken to channel food an instigate financial poli cies For this purpose he proposed creation of American peace agency with outstanding person nel a peace production board if you will Stassen said that compulsion of force by government under dicta torship was substituted for the in centive provided by money as a medium of economy exchange in a free We must have immediately in the establishment of a new cur rency in Germany he added Obviously in the economic con test thatis going on the Russians will not join in such a new cur rency because the kind of econo my they are running in their zone does not require one and they wel come stagnation in our zone We must also give nigh prior ty to the stabilization of the rench franc and the Italian lire Jnfess we do that we cannot ex pect to rebuild the economies in Surope regardless of how much aid we pour in After Stassen and Taft had been invited to address the Bankers convention a group of Iowa re jnblicans arranged a luncheon for iVednesday where both could be present for an informal session Stassen made his 2nd appear ance in Iowa as a declared candi date for the republican nomina jon and Taft was making his first as an undeclared candidate fol owing states a recent tour of western Stassen met some of the repub lican state officials and also con feVred with some members of the partys state committee when he visited Jefferson last June to speak as a guest at an American Legion convention At that time he urged in a speech that Ameri cans devote 10 per cent of the na tional production to aid for Eu rope Tuesday night he accused Presi dent Truman of moving belated ly to find the necessary food at home for shipment to Europe and of being derelict on the ques tion of stable currency Stassen had a prepared speech but he departed from it to say that he was a supporter of the Marshall plan and that he believed there was only one other plan aailable for com munist plan He reiterated his support of a bipartisan foreign policy but said it would be useless without posi tive leadership In a question and answer pe riod after his speech one banker asked if the development of a new currency in Germany would not make the present currency worth less and Stassen replied that it was worthless now Taf t Expects Congress to Slash Taxes Des Moines Rob ert A Taft ROhio Wednesday expressed doubt that congress would approve more than 000000 a year for foreign relief under the Marshall plan At the same time the senate majority leader said that when congress reconvenes it should take steps to reduce federal taxes by more than a year In a speech to the Iowa Bank ers Association Taft said such a tax cut still would leave 000000 available for reduction of national debt Two 000 tax reduction bills were passed by the last congress but vetoed by President Truman Taft declared that by 1950 for eign loans should be entirely elim inated as far as the government budget is concerned We have already authorized 4 billion dollars for Europe for this fiscal year Taft said I doubt if the increase of actual ex penditures during the year will be more than another half billion The Marshall plan for the most part is a proposal that we con tinue oiir huge present assistance for 3 or 4 years to come Insofar as any increase over the present rate of assistance is suggested by the published proposals they are not likely to be approved by con gress In a press conference before his Jthe just Truman Asks Women to Aid in Food Plan Washington Truman said Wednesday that American women cat make an invaluable contribution to the welfare of the nation and the world by wholehearted support of our food saving program In a nationwide radio address in connection with democratic womens day the president said also that women have a great opportunity to make their wholesome influence increasing ly effective in building better world by the full use of your power at the ballot box Mr Truman said the responsi bility for the success of the food saving program rests very largely with the American housewife She is an indispensable fighter in our war against hunger he went on The American house wife has never failed her coun try when she has been called upon to sacrifice in its interest I know that she will not fail in the great task now before us If the women of America he went on exert the tremendous moral force for good which they possess we shall make greater and more lasting progress in over coming the other difficulties that concern us and the world The population of Colon Repub lic of Panama consists principally of descendants of laborers im ported from the British West In dies during various periods of con struction on the Panama Canal speech Senator Taft said AFL and CIO boards are loose affiliations with no control over individual unions and that it was not logical to require the boards members to sign non communist affidavits The senator who political ob servers expect will announce soon his candidacy for the republican nomination for president also said if congress had intended to require the affidavits it would have been brought up there Taft was referring to Tuesdays decision by the national labor relations board which overruled the boards counsel Robert Den ham who earlier had said that such affidavits would be required from all top officers of the CIO and AFL is the local unions of those organizations were to use the facilities of the labor board under the TaftHartley act Of 10000000 American men and women over 65 the Social Se curity Board reports 59 per cent are dependent on children or on the community for support Rocket Plane ReachesSpeed of 900 MPH Fadstow England small pilotless rocket plane launched by a British bomber high above the Atlantic attained a speed es timated at 900 miles an hour Wednesday in an experiment to determine the effects of flight faster than sound The plane was the first of a group to be used by the supply ministry in experiments with supersonic speed The experiments were expected to produce valuable data about performances of ultra high speed aircraft as they approached and surpassed the speed of sound which varies from about 660 miles an hour at sea level to 760 miles an hour at 30000 feet The robot Wednesday was cut loose nearly 7 miles above the earth at 37000 feet at a point 14 miles west of the Scilly islands It was adjusted to dive into the sea after about 20 miles One phase of the experiment was to test air resistances at ex treme speeds which causes lack of stability and leads to slack and inefficient control in conventional planes The experimental plane was made of polished mahogany It hkd a wing span of 8 feet and a length of about 12 feet The robot was equipped with transmittting apparatus to report technical details of its behavior Its alcohol burning motor was an adaptation and improvement of those used in German rocketpro pelled fighters during the war Scientists conducting the exper iment will require about a weeks study of the records before pre cise details can be announced Until there has been a thor ough study we shall have no def inite information as to whether the robot has actually broken through the sonic barrier said a scientist working on the project If the tests yield informa tion it is hoped they will we shall have made one of the biggest ad vances yet in the field of super sonic research An individual oyster can produce 55 million to 114 million eggs dur ing its lifetime Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy Wednesday night Thursday cloudy with showers little temperature change Low Wednesday night near 50 high Thursday 72 Iowa More general showers southwest and extreme west Wednesday night and over most of the state Thursday becom ing generally fair Friday and Saturday only minor temper ature changes averaging well above seasonal normal north easterly winds 14 to 18 miles per hour Wednesday afternoon becoming southerly 15 to 20 miles per hour Thursday High Wednesday 68 to 74 temper atures Thursday will range from average lows of 58 to av erage highs of 74 in southwest and from 48 to 72 northeast Friday from SO to 75 southwest and 54 to 72 northeast v Minnesota Fair early Wednesday night increasing cloudiness late Wednesday night followed by occasional rain Thursday Slightly warmer west portion IN MASON CITY Globe Gazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Wednesday morning Maximum 73 Minimum 45 At 8 a m Wednesday 52 YEAR AGO Maximum 71 x Minimum 55 YouSaved56PoundsofGrain Tuesday Washington you observed the first meatless Tuesday yoit saved approximately 56 pounds of grain for the starving peoples of Europe Thats the estimate of economists at the department agriculture Before President Truman outlined his foodsaving program these economists figured that the average American would eat 155 pounds of meat during 1947 That is ly 04 pounds per day These experts say it takes 14 pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat So by abstaining from meat Tuesday the averageAmerican indirectly saved about 56 pounds of grain or of a bushel If every one of the 140000000 Americans played the game ac cording to the rules laid down by President Truman Sunday night the total saving in grain for the one day would have amounted to some 13000000 bushels But there is the catch Agricultural economists and members of the Citizens Food committee concede that they have no way of knowing how many people ordered steak dinners or how many housewives served roast beef Whats more they say they wont have any statistics on the success or failure of the food con servation drive until January when the agriculture department releases its human and yearend report on animal grain con sumption No monthly reports are made INDUSTRY HINTS RELUCTANT YES TOUSREQUEST Will Save 10000000 Bushels of Grain in Move to Help Europe Washington Citizens Food committee formally request ed the nations distillers Wednes day to close down for 60 days to save 10000000 bushels of grain Industry members indicated the reply at a late afternoon confer ence would be a somewhat re luctant yes This would be the 3rd major step in President Trumans cam paign for a voluntary saving of 100000000 bushels of grain to feed hungry western Europe Already the principal grain ex changes have raised their mar gin or down payment require ment on grain deals for future delivery and the nation embarked Tuesday on a program of self denial of meat poultry and eggs Charles Luckman chairman of the Citizens Food committee ar ranged to meet with approxi mately 125 top officials of the li quor industry to discuss the pro posed shutdown Joseph A Engelhard president of the Distilled Spirits Institute declined to predict in advance what the industry response would be He said he is not authorized to speak even for the members of the institute which represents about GO Per cent of the nations distilling capacity Another industry official who asked that his name not be used said however that the distillers would probably go along after a protest to Luckman that they have not been treated fairly This official said there is con siderable resentment over the way in which the request to close down was made When the Distilled Spirits In stitute agreed last Friday to eliminate use of wheat and cut down on corn by 50 per cent he said Luckman appeared to be satisfied But little more than 48 hours later in a nationwide broadcast Sunday night Luck man an nounced that he would ask for a complete shutdown with the full support of Mr Truman The industry official said also there is fear in some quarters that the proposed shutdown may be extended into next year Secretary of Agriculture Ander son predicted Tuesday that the general food conservation drive will have to be continued until the 1948 winter wheat crop starts moving next summer Anderson did not mention the liquor moratorium specifically He said the meatless and poultryless days may not have to be contin ued that long If farmers cut down on the feeding of grains to livestock he told a news conference Tuesday it may be possible to do away with the selfdenial program be fore the new wheat crop is avail able A spokesman for the distilled spirits institute said the proposed shutdown would 1 Throw an estimated 30000 persons out of work since the distillers would be able to keep on only maintenance and bottling staffs Z Save about 10000000 or more bushels of grain mostly corn A compilation made by the in stitute from government figures showed that the entire industry used grain at the rate of a little over 5000000 bushels a month in the first 7 months of this year Consumption of all grains through July was 36335641 bush els of which 27215246 was corn and the remainder wheat rye and oats Representatives of the beer and ale industry plan to meet in Chi cago on Friday to discuss their contribution to the grain saving program and then confer with Luckman again They agreed last weekend to recommend that brewers eliminate the use of wheat and table grades of rice but Luckman said he will ask them to propose substanti ally increased savings The department of agriculture announced Tuesday that about 61000000 pounds of frozen eggs which it holds will be offered for sale to bakers and other food processors as soon as they are needed That amount is equivalent to about 49100000 dozen shell eggs The department also has 28400 000 pounds of dried eggs which it plans to sell for shipment to shortage areas abroad Foreign buyers have been asked to offer bids by Oct 15 The processed eggs were ob tained under a price support pro gram in the first 7 months of the year Since then eggs have been selling at higher than support ;