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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 8, 1945, Mason City, Iowa tves NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL U Associated Press and United Proa 1 THE NEWSPAPER THAT Tive Cents Copy MAKES ALL NORTH SOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY OCTOBER 8 1915 r 0 Thi Paper Catutota ot Two StcUaaSecUoa On NO 312 PUT PRESSURE ON GOAL STRIKE One Mans Opinion K Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KG1O City Sunfoy 6 p m WOl Ames Tuesday p City Wednesdty p m WTAD Qnlacj 111 Friday r m KSCJ Sioui Cilj Saturday p m Best Kept Secret of the War SO far as Im I think this goes for just about everybody best kept se cret of the war was the gigantic research program which led to the atomic bomb Considerably more than a hun dred thousand persons bad a part in the 2 billion dollar project as research workers in the several laboratories specially set up or in the 2 gigantic industrial plants erected at Oak Eidge Tenn or Pas Wash Many of them of course werent apprized of the full story of their endeavors Thats generally true of those who labored in Tennes see and Washington but its also true of those who labored in the laboratory It was a case of Do as youre dont ask questions All of this is true But the fact still remains that quite a few persons DID know And they maintained a secrecy which gives the lie to that old saying that it isnt a secret any more if more than one person knows it take my own case for ex ample Throughout the war Ive served as a member of the Iowa state board of education Two of the institutions governed by our board have played special roles in the development of the atomic bomb the University of Iowa and Iowa State college Today ilts generally conceded SCORE BY INNINGS 23456789 Q Q E G Q H Q El Q Q D B Tigers 03 Cubs Q Chicago Cubs were ahead 7 to 3 at the end of the 7th inning Monday in the 6th game of the World Series FIRST INNING TIGERS Webb bounced out Johnson to Cavarretta Mayo filed out to Nicholson close to the right field wall Cramer hit the first pitch and rolled out Johnson to Cavarretta Noruns no hits no errors none left CUBS Hack worked Trucks for the full count and then walked on an outside pitch Johnson sac rificed York to Mayo Lowrey flied out to Cullenbine Hack hold ing 2nd Cavarretta went out Webb to York No runs no hits no errors one left SfcCOND INNING TIGERS Greenberg flied out to Lowrey in leftcenter Passeau was working very deliberately Cullenbine carried the count to N 32 and then walked Rudy York connected with the first pitch for a double to rightcenter sending Cullenbine to 3rd Outlaw was purposely passed filling the sacks Richards walked forcing in Cul lenbine with the games first run Trucks popped out to Hughes on the grass the runners holding their bases Webb bounced Hughes who stepped on 2nd to force Hichards for the 3rd out One ran one hit no errors 3 left v CCBS Pafko shot a ground Ames in a not very prepossessing structure known only as Little Ankeny a name prompted by Its proximity to the Ankeny ordnance works 20 miles away brought the atomic bomb into actual being from S to 3 months earlier than otherwise would have been the case So without minimizing the im portance of the job done at Iowa City lets talk about the Ames program As a member of the state board there came before me periodically in the Iowa State college docket an item calling for the expendi ture of varying amounts of federal money for a project identified only as POC9 or some such code designation Usually the sum was in excess of a million dollars for the total spent at Ames during the war approached 7 million dollars Whats this item what are you doing up there at Ames mem bers of the board would ask Pres ident C E Friley His smiling reply always was I cant tell you now Some day I will Youll find it an interesting story WELL it wasnt until the day that an atomic bomb burst over Hiroshima that I had even the remotest idea what was going on in that heavily guarded plant on the Ames campus One of our board members a woman inci dentally wired this message to President Friley N o w we know Im not sure but I think she sent it collect She should have I insist As nearly as I can figure It out the only way for me to have pen etrated the veil of secrecy which wrapped iiself around the gigantic atomic research program would have been somehow to get myself made president of the United States And I base this somewhat fantastic statement on the experi ence of one Harry Truman Before being nominated for the vice presidency Mr Truman was a member of the senate He gained renown by heading up a com mittee to investigate the efficien cy and economy of the war in dustries His of his com to find out whether in our war effort we were getting value for each dollar eenterfield to York just off first base Liv ingston forced Pafko at 2nd Mayo to Webb but Webb made a wild throw past first and Livingston tore out for 2nd Hichards recov ered the ball and pegged to Webb who put the ball on Livingston for a double play No runs one hit no errors none left THIRD INNING TIGERS Mayo went out John son to Cavarrstta Cramer popped out to Cavarretta Greenberg wen out Hughes to Cavarretta No runs no hits no errors none left CTOS swinging Hughes Passeau struck out also strikeout victim Hack drove the 2nd pitch to center for a single Johnson flied to Cramer in cen ter No runs one hit no errors one left FOURTH INNING TIGERS Cullenbine reached first when Johnson booted his easy roller York popped out foul to Cavarretta Johnson threw Out law out at first Cullenbine tak ing 2nd Hichards was purposely walked Trucks worked Passeau for a pass filling the bases Both Passeau and Livingston protestec vigorously Webb sent Pafko far back to take his fly No runs no hits one error 3 left CUBS Lowrey was called ou on strikes Cavarretta smashed a single through into cenj terfield Pafko lined out to berg who made a nice running catch in leftcenter Nicholson popped out to Webb No runs one hitno errors one left FIFTH INNING TIGERS The field had grown very dark when Mayo opened the inning He rolled out Hack to Cavarretta Cramer flied to Low rey in short left field Greenberg also flied out to Lowrey No runs no hits ao errors none left vent to the dressing room for treatment It was announced that he nail was torn from the middle inger of his pitching hand but he nsisted on continuing Bobby Maier batted for Richard and smalled one back at Passeau and eat it out for a hit when the jail bounced off the pitchers lloveCullenbine went to 3rd VlcHale batted for Caster and was called out on strikes No runs 2 iits no errors 2 left CUBS Tommy Bridges went in o pitch for Detroit and Bob Swift to catch Livingston got a 2bag jer when Greenberg got his hand on his fly into short left but could not hold it Hughes doubled down he right field line scoring Liv ngston Hughes was caught off base by a snap throw by Swift and went out Swift to Webb to Out law Passeau lined out to Mayo Webb threw out Hack One run 2 bits no errors none left SEVENTH INNING TIGERS Hosteller batted for Webb and was safe at first on an error by Hack Mayo grounded out to CavarrettaHosteller taking 2nd Cramer singled to left and Hosteller trying toscore fell flat 3rdand was MALAYA TIGER1 FACES TOTAL OF 64 COUNTS Pleads Innocent to Charges of Armys Bill of Manila Lt Gen Tomoyuki Yamashita erstwhile Tiger of Malaya pleaded inno cent of war crime Monday after his counsel said the American army had no case against and immediately the prosecution countered with a bill of particu lars that accused the men of his command of 64 atrocities in the Cubs Take Lead 7 to 3 in Seventh Frame v Bruins Get Big Inning in Fifth Philippines Torture mutilation and massa cre of more than 25000 noncom batant men women and children were listed The atrocities were not attri buted to Yamashita himself Since his trial scheduled to begin Oct 29 is to be the first of a round theworld series involving war criminal suspects the question of responsibility held by the imperi al general for acts of the troops under his command was a prece dentsetting point Yamashitas court appointed American counsel moved at the General arraignment for dismis sal of the war criminal charge against him on the ground it was general Vague Anx held Yama shita personally responsible for no atrocities He was charged only with failure to preent his troops the play Greenberg Cullehbine singled to center scor ing Cramer and sending Green berg to 2nd Passeau was taken out and replaced by Hank Wyse York drove s single to left scor ing Greenberg and sendingCul lenbine to 2nd Two runs 3 hits one error 2 left COBS Hoover went to short for Detroit Johnson was called out on strikes Lowrey beat out a hit to short Cavarretta drew a walk Pafko flied out deep to Greenberg Nicholson walked fill ing the bases Livingston also walked on 5 pitches forcing Low rey across Bridges was removed in favor of Al Benton Hughes bounced a hit off Bentons leg scoring Cavarretta Wyse struck out Two runs 2 hits no errors 3 left TRUMAN AUTOGRAPHS PICTURE POSTER Mickey Carroll 20 year old midget gets an autographed picture poster from the president at the fair grounds at Caruthers ville Mo AP wirephoto K A Engr from committing atroci j MASON GITYAN ARRIVES IN U S Pfe Clarence L Blood 113 East State was due to have ar rived in New York Friday on the Costa Rica Victory according to an Associated Press dispatch re a dollar spent TN snooping around he or some member of his group discov ered some fabulous amounts of money were being spent on some thing which bore the cryptic code designation of Manhattan pro ject The sums ran up into the millions and hundreds of millions Whats all this money being spent for he asked himself Then j he started patting the question to others he thought ought to know But In each case he met up with that same smiling answer our board had received from President Friley iiome day rll tell you the story Not now Youll find it In teresting At last acording to report he out his question up to President Continued on Pace 2 CUBS With 2 strikes against him Livingston lined a single to center Hughes laid down a bunt toward first and was safe when Rudy York fell fielding the ball It was ruled a hit Passeau slapped a ball at Trucks and all hands were safe when Trucks throw to 3rd was too late to get Livingston It was a fielders choice Hack singled to center scoring Liv ingston and Hughes When Cra mers throwin went through Richards Passeau went to 3rd and Hack to 2nd It was an error for Richards Johnson rolled out Mayo to York Lowrey walked on 4 pitches filling the bases Cavar retta singled to center scoring Passeau and Hack George Caster relieved Trucks for the Tigers Pafko popped to Outlaw Nichol son struck out Fonr runs 4 hits one error 2 left SIXTH INNING TIGERS Cullenbine beat out a base hit when Johnson charging in failed to field his roller past the pitchers box York struck out Cullenbine stealing 2nd on the play Passeau knocked down Outlaws smash with his bare hand and threw him out at first The lick hurt Passeau badly and March Is Set for Discharge of 2 Year GIs Washington next March all army enlisted men with 2 years service will be eligible for discharge the house military com mittee heard Monday By that time Brig Robert W Berry testified enough high point men wil have been released to allow discharge on length of service alone Between now and March Ber ry said critical point scores for discharge will be reduced pro gressively At present the figure is 70 points In November it should drop to 60 points Berry also told the committee that not many 2year veterans will be discharged soon under a recentlyannounced policy of re leasing surplus personnel Discharge of army doctors is be ing speeded up Brig Gen Ray mond W Bliss acting surgeon general testified Bliss said 14000 doctors will be released by Christmas instead of 13000 as previously announced He estimated that by next July the number of army doctors will be reduced from 43000 at present to approximately 15000 the game was held up while he carrier boy Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from yonr GlobeGazette military commission which conducted the arraignment a document of several thousand words that accused Yaniashitas men of crimes ranging from petty looting to wholesale slaughter and torture It gave the names of American and Filipino soldiers who were tortured and mutilated by the Tigers men it gave the dates exact locations of the crimes and the names of the witnesses who escaped final execution Hape cases ran into thousands Specific beatings were dispassion ately noted The burning pillag ing and looting of Manila was laid at the door of Yamashitas men Yamashita who swaggered to victory for Japan in Malaya then hid in the hills when the Ameri cans came back for the Philip pines pleaded a belligerent and almost arrogant not guilty to charges that he failed to deter his men from brutal atrocities while he commanded Japanese forces in the Philippines A United States military com mission o 5 generals heard his plea immediately fixed the date of the trial and directed that it be held in the warscarred former residence of the1 Philippine high commissioner The 59 year old tiger of Ma laya won 1 round and lost 1 at the start of his fight for life Chief Council Colonel Harry Z Clarke of Altoona Pa obtained the ap pointment of Yamashitas former chief of staff and deputy chief of staff Lt Gen Mutb and Maj Gen Utsonomiya to the defense coun cil surprising move in viewof the fact that both are being held in New Bilibid prison as war criminal suspects Clarke failed in a dramatic move io have the charges against the general stricken altogether on the grounds they failed to start a single violation of the laws of war on the part of the accused lie won a small concession however when the commissions presiding officer Gen R B Reynolds of Dundee Mich ordered the prosecution to supply the defense a bill of particulars speci fically outlining the crimes of which Yamashita is accused Reynolds overrode the conten tion of the chief prosecutor Maj Robert M Kerr of Portland Ore that the proceedings were nothing like those of any ordinary court of law and that no detailed state ment of charges was required Kerr also protested bitterly the appointment of the two Japanese generals to Yamashitas defense staff but Reynolds allowed their appointment in the interest of a fair trial Kerr heatedly pro tested the appearance of such men before this commission as lawyers and argued that itmight later have an effect on their own trials Clarke had asked for their addition to the defense staff on the ground they were acquainted with many facts concerning Yamashita of which he knew nothing LAVAL ABSENT TRIAL CONTINUES Defense Counsel and Witnesses Not in Court Paris treason trial of Pierre Laval was resumed Monday without the defendant defense council or defense witnesses Lavals trial the most fantastic in French history reopened boon behind schedule alter Judge andMinister of Juatiee Henri Telngen triedvin vain to Induce the joriner Vichy premier to change bis mind and come to court With Laval defiantly absent and only a few prosecution witnesses on hand it appeared that the trial would end by midweek Mongibeaux ordered the ftrial to proceed despite a storm against the court procedure which had seen judge and jury taunting Laval and making it clear that they were bent on condemning him Mondays first witness was Gen Paul Doyen former head of the French armistice delegation and now military governor of Lyon The tall Doyen wearing a row of medals and ribbons expressed regret atLavals refusal to come to court and fight for his life I hare very grave things to say Doyen testified I would have liked to talk with him man to man Doyen testifying in a harsh paradeground voice said that the Germans demanded the annexa tion of AlsaceLorraine and made other territorial demands through the armistice commission on which he served Germanys intention was to dis member France he said To all Frenchmen who could use their hands the line of duty was clear to continue the struggle Any man who supported a policy of collabo ration was a traitor That was the kind of a man Laval was Truman Plans Talk Urging Water Power Carulhersville Ma ent Truman began drafting Mon ay a speech championing mul iple purpose development of wa erways by regional authorities a 10 brought another Missouri visi o a close His luggage was packed for a day sojourn in Tennessee wher he Tennessee Valley authority henew deals vast jrnblle development plelion ofitsoriginal 10dam chain Wednesday The president plans to go to Gil bertville Ky Wednesday tor ipeech dedicating Kentucky dam he last of the major TVA floo ontronavigationp o w e r dam larnessing the Tennessee rive Former President Roosevelt advo cated seven other TVAs In the meantime however th president planned to spend muc of his time Monday and Tuesda relaxing on historic Heel Foot lake west Tennessees paradise fo fishermen He brought his southeast Mis souri visit to a close Sunday after noon at the Pemiscot county fa vith a speech in which he aske ihe cooperation of all the Amer an people in bringing crises o the home production front and i the field of foreign affairs to speedy solution To this task he dedicated all th authority of his high office Tellin his Missouri home folk that thes 2 top problems head the list grave tasks he said that in 3 years of public office he had n shirked a responsibility and added T shall not shirk this one Pleading for cooperation of the American public as well as con gress he declared that the road to peace may prove more difficult than that to victory in war At home he said that requires the cooperation of management and labor the farmers every storekeeper arid every man who has an interest in the government of the United States 6000 Korean oal Miners Jobs Tokyo dapper Pre nier Kijuro Shidehara completed is safe and sane government or a hungry restless Japan Mon ay and planned the first meeting f his 15 man cabinet immadi tely even before reporting its oster to the emperor an unpre edented procedure Domei news agency said he vould outline bluntly the head ches ahead for the new govern ent which most observers say annot survive more than a lew months brand new domestic trouble vas added to Shideharas bur lens strikes More than 000 Korean coal miners in the Yubari mine near Sapporo Hok kaido have struck Domei news agency said and the unrest leems to be spreading to an ad oining mine Cause of the strike vas not announced Acceptance by Adm Soyemu Toyoda of the navy portfolio com Jleted the new cabinet all said Secretary Daisaburo T s u g i t a likely to meet with General Mac Arthurs approval Tsugita also predicted that another new cabi net will be formed by political party men when a majority party comes out of the general elec tions next January Baron Shidehara drew heavily upon parliamentarians and un tried make up his new government Average age of the new ministers is 61 The roster included 5 holdovers from the previous cabinet Although the new government probably will be allowed to get its bearings in office before it is hit by further allied orders as sweeping as General MacArth urs1freedom directive set the former cabinet is already has 2 blunt deadlines to meet Political prisoners must be re leased by Oct 10 and reports on removal of thought police and re peal of libertyrestricting laws are due by Oct 15 when demo bilization also is to be completed Meanwhile there is the growing frank LABOR PICTURE IN GENERAL IS MORE HOPEFUL Expect Strike Lines to Drop If Orders to Return Are Obeyed By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The government Monday re newed efforts to end the soft coal strike biggest trouble spot in the national labor siuation which else where was brighter than it was last week There were indications that the strike lines which hit a record high of some 550000 last week would drop to around 350000 if backtowork orders this week were obeyed The CIO United Automobile Workers askedthe national labor relations boardto conduct a strike vote among Ford Motor company employes the petition filed in Washington said a dispute existed at 51 Ford plants principally over wages and seniority As part of its drive for a 30 per cent wage rate increase in the automobile industry the UAW has asked for strike votes at Gen eral Motors and Chrysler as well Dates for these 2 votes have been set In the northwest lumber dis pute AFL pickets shut down 2 of the largest lumber firms in Portland Ore manned by CIO workers The 2 week old strike is the nations 2nd largest and in volves 61700 AFL members seek ing a an hour minimum for the industry As were the soft resumed coal conferences in Washington MARION SKUTTLE FATAtLYHURT Former North lowan Struck by Automobile Tuneral services will be held at St Josephs CathoEc church in Mason City at9 3 m Tuesday for Marion O Skuttle 42 who died in a Chicago hospital Friday shortly after being struck by a hit and run driver The body will lie in state at the Meyer funeral home until the Cme of the services The Rev P J Behan will be in charge Burial will be at St Ansgar Mr Skultle was born at Buffalo Center Nov 4 1903 and had lived in Chicago for the past 4 years where he was employed by the Mutual Health and Benefit asso ciation Mr Skuttle was msrried to Gladys Ford at Buffalo Center in 1927 He was the son of Mr and Mrs Mathias Skuttle Surviving are 1 daughter Nan cy Ann Skuttle Emmetsburg and 1 sister Corra Skultle Waterloo Mr Skuttle was preceded in death by his wife in 1935 and his par tints The Meyer funeral home is in charge of arrangements Suffers Injuries Marshalllown Aves 58 Melbourne was hospitalized suffered collided with the Milwaukees streamlined Hiawatha at a crossing 2 miles east of Marshalllown Monday with injuries when her automobile Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and colder Mon day night with heavy frost and temperatures about 26 at Fort Dodge and 24 at Mason City Tuesday increasing cloudiness and warmer Iowa Partly cloudy and much colder Monday fair and cold with heavy frost and near freez ing temperatures likely Monday night Tuesday partly cloudy with rising temperatures Minnesota Fair colder east freezing lemperatures Monday night Tuesday mostly cloudy and warmer occasional light rain extreme north and west central in late afternoon or night IN MASON CITY GlobeQazette weather statislics Maximum Sunday 79 Minimum Sunday 31 At 8 a m Monday 35 YEAR AGO Maximum 64 Minimum 39 spector of famine and a skepticism of the press Demobilization of the last Jap anese remaining under arms in the homeland now is only a mat ter of days allied headquarters announced Monday noting that nearly 2000000 had laid down their arms by Oct 1 Shidehara indicated a cautious start on his pressing problems by taking days to complete his cabinet Told interviewers frankly that he had been out of domestic political affairs for so long that he would depend heavily upon political advisersryet he avoided selecting men considered respon sible for the war Newlyrising liberal parties probably can draw only slight comfort from the makeup of the new government however It is predominantly politician observ the first time since ils liberalism probably does not extend to the socialism professed by the more aggressive of the new parties Domei said one allied eliminate political or thought po is being met and thai the nations entire political police has resigned including 1238 officers and key officials in the home ministry MacArthur meanwhile called for a full accounting of stocks and production of narcotics asked a sweeping inventory of Japans chemical industry and allowed a 25 day period for completion of previouslyordered reports on health In Yokohama U S eighth army leadquarters reported that Pearl Harbor Premier Hideki Tojo re covered from his futile suicide ef fort has been moved to Omori prison camp with other Japanese war criminal suspects Tientsin Citizens Protest Lavish Spending by GIs Tientsin China marines have landed and Tient sins European residents are squak ing In the 6 days they have been here prices of all commodities have soared These Americans along with sailors whom the Chi nese call white hats have laid it on lavishly One European seeing an Ameri can officer give a ricksha boy 1000 Chinese dollars for a 50 dollar trip commentedr Very nice your good will but we must live here all the time John L Lewis leader of 163000 miners away from the pits was absent He was expected to join the conferees later Monday The strike has shut down some 600 pits Virginia OHio Kentucky Ten nessee and Indiana and has threat ened to spread nationally In Hollywood at least 12 strik ers and Z policemen were Injured in fighting at the entrance to the Warner Brothers studio as law officers cleared a passageway for workers It was at the same gates that some 25 persons were injured Friday in a similar melee The strike has been in progress since March over a dispute be tween 2 AFL unions concerning representationof 77 set decorators in collective bargaining In response to an appeal from President Truman 3500 express truck drivers and helpers in the New York metropolitan area re ported for work despite their plans for a strike early Monday After the president set up an emergency board to consider is sues AFL union executive boards instructed the men to stay on the job The drivers are asking a 20 per cent wage increase a 40 hour week a closed shop and improved vacation schedules In Detroit backtowork move ments affecting more than 65000 workers started in the Ford and Hudson motor company and the KclseyHayes Wheel company plants The situation there was the brightest in weeks during which about 80000 persons were off the job in the automobile industry because of labor controversies Across the international boun ary from Detroit however the strike of approximately 10000 Ford employes in Windsor Ont became more serious when fac tory power plants were shut down The Canadian strike cen ters on contract demands Other minor disputes kept about 3750 on the sidelines in the De troit metropolitan area Returns to work over the nation included the 43000 oil workers in 51 refineries and plants in 15 states which were seized by the government after collapse of ne gotiations on a CIO unions de mand for a 30 per cent wage rate increase New York Longshoremen how ever failed to resume handling cargoes despiie a vote by some of the 63 AFL locals involved to re sume work pending negotiations with the New York Shipping Asso Bay yonr Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ciation for a new contract A spokesman for the local which led the walkout of about 35000 to 60000 men last week said his groups policy was no con tract no work and thegovern ment can step in at any time it gets ready The dispute has tied up shipping in the port of New York Police Seek Stolen Tattooing Needles Chicago were need ling their brains Monday on the trail of a thiet reported to them by Paul Hanson Hanson a tattoo artist reported the the theft ot 1500 tattooing I needles ;