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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 7, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP Ot PiRTHE NT OF H I Y AND A3C H 1 VC S ots i THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 7 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 311 NEW SOLOMONS FIGHT PORTENDED REDS CONTINUE TO CRUSH NAZI MASS ASSAULTS Virtually Wipe Out Wedge in Northwest Suburbs of Metropolis By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor Adolf Hitler threw fresh masses oE troop into the welter of blood and riame that marked the 44day od siege ol Stalingrad Wednes day but the Russians declared they had virtually wiped out a German weclge in the northwest suburbs and crushed a series oC ten assaults along the 40mile northern barrier The enemy is drawing up fresh forces and hurlingthem into battle immediately after marching the Russian tom mand announced in its 110011 communique Red army reinforcements also were reported to have moved up during the night to meet the swelling nazi siege forces German field headquarters de voted exactly 13 words to the gigantic struggle for the city Northwest of Stalingrad the bottleneck was closed tighter around enemy forces encircled there Bjcontrast soviet reports pictured Ihe German northwest flank as imperiled by Russian counter blows and gave no indi cation of any red army forces encircled there Dispatches to Red Star said a dangerous situation developed as Ihe Germans reached the depth of arf industrial ly in the northwest suburbswhere the main battle said hea vy soviet counterattacks cleared much elite Russian guardsmen driving the imaders from streets houses gardens and orchards Many civilians were reported among the casualties and the set tlement was pictured as blasted by incendiary and explosive bombs At least 1200 German troops were reported killed in fighting for the Volga metropolis many of them going to their deaths divocl ly after forced marches from the rear Red army headquarters sairt nazi shock troops spearheaded by 12 tanks broke into one block of a Stalingrad factory district at noon Tuesday but declared Our units fought to annihilate these tanks and toward the end ol the day II out of the 12 were de stroyed Northwest of the city Marshal Semeon Timoshenkos relief of fensive was reported to have gained fresh ground against the nazi left vital barri cade which guards the main Ger man siege armies A height defended by red arm men was attacked 10 times by til Hitlerites the soviet commune said In this fighting the enemy Take Steps to Clarify Aid Program WASHINGTON to ward clarifying misunderstandings and removing complications that may have arisen in the British American program of aid to em battled Russia were under way Wednesday President Roosevelt announced at his press conference Tuesday that United States Ambasssador William H Standley was returning from his post in the soviet union to report and Moscow dispatches said the ambassador was bringing with him his military and naval other words his ex perts on questions of lendlease deliveries to Russia and on all as pects of the critical military situa tion there At the same time the president told reporters he had scanned the headlines reporting Wendell Will kies recent demand for a secant front but had not thought i worthwhile to read the stories In addition to Ambassador Standley Mr Roosevelt said sev eral other American diplomats in luding Laurence A Sleinhardt he ambassador to Turkey woulc cturn to Washington soon to re port Steinhardt already has cached this country Shortly after the presidents an nouncement tlie state departmen disclosed the signing of a British protocol covering lie delivery of supplies to Russia and giving formal acceptance to agreements already in effect pro for uninterrupted continu nnce ot the supply program agreed on at the Moscow conference a year ago Details of the arrangement wer lot announced but it was noloc that the signing of the protoco and the announcement that ambas sador Standley was coming horn o report followed closely on Pre nier Stalins blunt statement o Sunday that allied aid is relative ly ineffective and calling on th fulfill their obligation and on time lost more alone than 800 in killeu Murder Trial Recessed in Muscatine Court German Mobile Gun Taken Hie chassis of this newtype German mobile gun captured by the British in recent African desert action is of French manufacture The chassis WHS possibly nuitlc in the Renault automotive works recently heavily bombed by the British royal air force U 5 Bombing Planes Poised for New Offensive on Nazi Industry SECREfBASES AWAIT ORDERS Indicate Airfovce to Go By EDWARD W BEATTIE United Press Staff Corresponded LONDON States army bombing planes were poised at the starting lines of secret bases Wednesday awaiting orders to MUSCATINE hearing back up a warning that they were to determine degree of guilt in the ready to open a new offensive case of Ray E Tracy 42 who pleaded guilty to a murder charge in district court Tuesday was in recess Wednesday while attorneys prepared their closing presenta tions Hengelo Holland 100 miles in land They suffered one they flew into a flock of birds which broke the windows of one plane and cut its pilot and lie was compelled to urn back home Squadron Leader D A G Perry the ace who led the recent mos quito attack on the German ges artcrs at Oslo led the bombed the A report on the findings of an Iowa City laboratory which ex amined a gun involved in the case is expected to be ready when the hearing is resumed Thursday Tracy was charged in connection with the death of Thomas Payton a transient whose body was found in the ruins of Tracys garage last April after fire gutted the build ing Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps fromyour GlobeGazette carrier boy Dispatches to Izvestia the Rus sian government newspaper said that infantrymen were liter ally crammed into trendies dug into that the battletorn the Germans steppes and six attacks on positions held by one unit All attacks were re pulsed The red army destroyed live tanks In another sector our artillery fire disabled seven German tanks batteries battalio hundreds of burnedout tanks for use as pillboxes 3t It was now a full week since Hitler boasted in the Berlin sportspalast that Stalingrads fall was inevitable and still there was no sign that the nazis were doing better than holding iheir own As two examples of the tena cious soviet resistance inside the city red army headquarters an nounced A battalion of German infan try supported by Jl tanks made destroyed two and wiped out about a of enemy Along the Black sea coast be had buried low Novorossisk soviet troops defendinga height described as of great strategical importance wove reported to have killed 400 troops of a newly arrived infantry against German war industries in occupied France There every indication thai station and Wing Commander H I Edwards headed a formation which attacked the factory TO RECOMMEND LABOR RATION Seek to Avoid New Work or FightBill WILLKIE URGES ALL OUT DRIVE EVERYWHERE Asks More Arms for China Russia Wants Asiatic Peoples Freed CHUNGKING An allout armed offensive cvery vhcre by all the united nations vas advocated by Wendell Will ie Wednesday in a vigorous state nent demanding also more arms specially for Russia and China iiul a clearcut renunciation of my imperialistic designs by the nations in Asia His statement issued iftcr his foni Ih conversation with Gen eralissimo Chians KuiShek was hi the same unvarnished style us the one he save in Moscow ap pealing for a second front at the earliest possible moment which our military leaders will The one Wednesday however ivas broader and reflected impa tience not only over the opening of offensive hostilities on a world wide scale but also over the rate of delivery of materiel to China and Ruiiii and what lie called the lack of clearlydefined guar antees ot postwar independ ence and democracy for the peoples ol Asia It is my personal opinion that tlic time lias conic for an allout armed offensive everywhere by nil the united declared President Roosevelts volunteer factfinding emissary We arc ready to deliver some knockout punches if 1 can licvc what 1 have seen with own eyes Willkie pointed out that travels havecovered my A CUTMrTrlVT nuvlili lluvu lllIIKUUlnS WASHINGTON special sovielSi reuublicSj mandated areas house committee was reported reI colonies and dependencies and liably Wednesday tc be drafting had found four things com a recommendation that manpower be rationed through existing Crews saw a great sheet of I agencies before force division In the Lhe strengthened army was really ready to get going The unpredictable weather of northern Europe and the number of bomb ers available were still limiting factors But after a slow begin ning the strength ot the army boinber force was now reaching the point where with daylight high altitude precision attacks the army planes could extend Bri tains night bombing program into a round the clock AngloAmerican offensive on factories and rail roads which feed the German war machine and the ports which shelter its submarines The Boeing Flying Fortresses of the army air force in their small scale raids so far had set up an amazing record for ac curacy and for intrepidity against attacking German fight er planes V The German air force busy on the Russian front was in no po sition to start trading blows against the combined British and American forces But in the days of its greatest superiority over a thni tinv Royal Air Force Ger flame shoot from the power tion and masses of debris go up from the factory Earlier Tuesday Mosquitoes at tacked objectives in western Ger many In the first direct United Slates warning to France the army lokl French people of occupied country Tuesday night that the Yanks were coming to smash satellite war industries working for the Germans The warning broad cast over British radios said The American air force operational bombing is aimed only at the nazis and activities in French occupied territory which helps forward he Ger man war effort The United States is animated by a feeling of profound sympathy for the French people Accordingly the American high command gives the following ad vice in order to enable inhabitants of the occupied zone to safeguard their Tamilics All inhabitants of this zone liv iiiR within two kilometers I 1 miles oT factories supporting the German war effort are advised to evacuate their houses Bombing from a great altitude at small tar gets may result in some bombs falling over or short of lie target any attempt or fight central Caucasus Russian command acknowledged a retreat from one community in the Mozdok sector 50 miles north of the Grozny oil fields but said the Red armies subsequently ral lied to beat off nazi tank and in fantry assaults German field h e a d q u a rt e r s claimed the capture of Malgobck 20 miles south of Mozdok many never the could match had a force which the air power now legislation A poll previously taken of the committee on defense migration disclosed outright opposition to a mandatory national service act which would give the government broad controls over labor until all methods have been exhausted Sources close to the committee reported at the same lime hat the members felt the problem ot meeting the needs of industry agriculture and the armed forces was becoming increasingly seri ous and must be met by definite action before the end of the year While the committees recom mendations still were in tenta tive form it was reported that they would follow this pattern 1 A demand that the army and navy set at least a tentative goal for the size of their forces order that the civilian supply chiefs may then determine how many men and women they will need on the industrial line and on the farm to produce civilian and mon to all of them First they want the united nations to win the war Second they want the united nations to eel on the offensive now Third they all want a chance at the end of the war to live in liberty and independence Fourth they all doubt in varying degrees the readiness of the leading democracies if the world to stand up and be cnuntcd upon for the freedom of others after the war is over This doubt kilts their enthusiastic participa tion nn our side Willkie emphasized that defense cannot win cither in the militarj or political phases of what hi called a war not only of task force material Inclusion clause givin ill war contracts of the government but also of mens minds His statement reverted severa times to what he called the ur gently needed stimulation of the active aggressive offensive spiri of nearly three fourths of th people of the world by assurance of what victory and the years afte will mean lo them We have not done tin he said at one point and at present we are nol doing tliis We have got j lo do it 1 think weve got to I pin this idea in our hals and look at it often1 10 Executed for Sabotage in Norway By JOHN A IARRIS United Press Staff Correspondent LONDON UR Ten promi nent Norwegians have died before a firing squad and hundreds are under arrest in the beginning of a ruthless German drive to end sabotage and other patriotic ac tivities spreading through Nor way Stockholm reported Wednes day One of the Norwegians was be lieved to be a patriot who had joined the Quisling traitor organ ization in order to do his work more effectively as the Gcrman controllccl Oslo radio tailed him a gauleitcr or district leader Others executed within a few hours of the imposition of a state of emergency an invasion alert and an 8 p m5 a m curfew in a wide area of the coast around Trondhcim in cluded two lawyers an archi tect a theater manager an edi tor an engineer a banker a ship broker and a businessman The patriot mentioned as a Isaulciter and also a captain pre sumably of the Norwegian army was charged with sabotage against industrial organizations supplying the Norwegian people There were mereusing indica tions that the Germans were wor ried over the continued spread ot sabotage in Norway and there vere reports in Stockholm thai t had been aimed at both fac ories in the Trondhcim area and he vitally important railroad from Trondheini to the lortii which is used for snpplyin lortli Norway German garrisons Josef Tcrboven German over orct of Norway arrived at Trond icim last night and at once warned Norwegians that the time had come for the Germans to severe counter measures anc that a difficult time was ahcuc for all Norwegians thos vvjjo ire innocent Sabolase by patriots was only one phase of activity in Norway There had been mutinies among Quislings ordered to enlist to fieht Russia anil there have been persistent reports of the execution of scores of German soldiers in northern Norway for mutiny V There was still no sign of a solution of the crisis in German Danish relations Stockholm heard that the Ger mans were preparing lo niaki drastic demands on Denmark in eluding the concession of wid powers lo Fritz Claussen Danisl nazi leader and the inanguratioi of a brutal antiJewish campaign But above all it was said tlv Germans sought to force the Dane to take part more directly in th German war effort cither by de daring war on Russia or by pro viding volunteers for the Rus sian front SEE DESPERATE JAP DRIVE FOR LOST AIRBASES Enlarge Forces at Expense of 11 Planes Damaged Heavy Cruiser By JOIIV H WIGGIXS WASHINGTON Japanese desperation to seemingly at any Guad alcanal airbase in the Solomons from which they were driven by U S marines portended Wednes day a new struggle for control of he strategic island Striving to halt mounting and oslly losses inflicted on their au and navy strength by American ilancs operating from the base he Japanese under cover of dark less have enlarged their Guadal anal forces but at the further expense of 11 planes and a dam aged heavy cruiser V The landing of enemy rein forcements was reported by the navy Tuesday lo have been ac complished on Oct 3 and 4 In doing so they raised their total losses in the twomonths old battle of the Solomons to 2311 aircraft destroyed and 30 ves sels sunk or damaged A fresh Japanese effort to re capture the Guadalcanal airbase from which the American air at acks stem appeared imminent as the enemys efforts to reinforce their scattered detachments on the island continued The Nipponese cruiser accom panied by a force of destroyers engaged j in landing opcrationr was spotted by navy and marine corps dive bombers At least ors 5V3S bit was scored on the vessel the i vf navy reported and while one U S feSS plane was downed thecrew was saved A force of navy and marine tor kSi pedo planes renewed the attack at daybreak found the cruiser still smoking from the earlier bombing and drove in txvo torpedos Mean while American pursuit planes bombed and strafed enemy troops and supply dumps on Guadal canal Xinc fishier planes of a force of 30 accompanying a small croup of Japanese bomb ers on an attempted raid against U S Guadalcanal installations were downed by seven navy Wildcat bombers Antiaircraft batteries accounted for two mure One American plane was lost but he pilot was saved as the defenders turned the enemy bombers back without an ex plosive being dropped Risking of the larger ships in stead of the usual barges and smaller craft to land Japanese re inforcements indicated to naval men that the enemy may have There was a strange angle lo materially strengthened his island concentrated against it The new Mosquito medium bombers of the Royal Air Force had now added their numbers to the raiders and Tuesday evening flying so low the crews saw pedes trians in village streets and coun try lanes they roared over ocj Germans cupied territory to attack a fac gered French people to leave the I tory and a power station Targets in France which arc authority to prohibit pirating liable to be attacked arc all war01 labor and perhaps control over factories which contribute to thcihirins aml preventing German war effort They arc from shifting from one ticularly factories manufacturing job lo another or repairing aircraft tanks ve3 A possible suggestion thai hides locomotives firearms and chemicals Other targets liable to attack are railway marshaling yards shipyards submarine pens airdromes and German troop con centration centers It was assumed here that the would forbid endan ciangcr zone the selective service exercise its power to removea nian from a deferred service classification into 1A if he leaves his post in an es sential war industry or if he is considered necessary on the farm Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GIobcGazcttc carrier hoy Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Continued mild Wednes day and Wednesday night IN MASON CITY Maximum Tuesday Minimum Tuesday At 8 a m Wednesday YEAR AGO Maximum Alinimtim Precipitation 34 39 57 100 the volunteer situation The so called free corps of Denmark recruited to fighl Russia is now home on leave It is due to so back to next Monday Stockholm reported Wednesday however thai nol only is there no sign that it is setting ready to leave but that the entire Vikinjr division made up of Netherlander X o r w c E i a n s Finns and others from teu tonic countries is to be sent to Denmark on leave V Supplementing reports f r o m northwestern Europe was a dis patch Tuesday in the Stockholm newspaper Altontidningen that American diplomats at Helsinke Finland were preparing to leave apparently on state department orders and that it was believed the United States might soon break relations with Finland Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier hoy units for an effort to retake the airbase which not only dominates the AustralianAmerican lifeline but also serves as a base for allied operations against Nipponese po sitions for miles around Allied Bombers Raid Two Enemy Bases GENERA I MacARTHURS HEADQUARTERS Australia UR bombing raids on two key Japanese bases in the Solomon Islands were announced Wednes day while Australian troops con tinued their unopposed march through the Owen Stanley moun tains of New Guinea 550 miles to the west The bombers heavily attacked the airdrome and installations on Buka island northernmost of the Solomons In a dawn raid they showered demolition and incendiary bombs which hit runways plane dispersal areas buildings and antiaircraft bat teries Fires and explosions burst Nations Farmers Appeal for Help on RecordBreaking Crops f By UMTED PRESS The nations farmers arc ap pealing for students office work ers prisoners men in the armed willing to work in the help in harvest ing record breaking corps The importance of the farm labor shortage a major problem in the nations wartime man power program has been magni fied during the current period by critical demands for harvest workers The problem has been attacked in a wide variety of moves a survey showed Wednes day Schools and colleges have sus pended classes releasing students for farm work Mexican workers have been imported into Califor nia Japanese in evacuee camps Indians on reservations women and citydwellers have been asked to volunteer Farmers complain that the se lective service law coupled with higher wages in industry have left them with a critical labor problem Some insist that more direct measures must be taken by the government next year to as sure an adequale labor supply The labor shortage has appeared most serious in the mountains and Pacific stales of the far west but it also has begun to worry farm ers in the middle west where dairy groups already have re ported a slackening of production North Dakota closed its stale university and agricultural col lege for two weeks Tuesday to permit 1000 students lo work on farms The Aggie football squad went to potato fields in the Red River valley where they will spend two thirds of the day at work and the rest of their time at practice Some women students offered to cook for harvest crews and others wanted to work in the fields Store clerks housewives school children joined the university stu dents Some were earning a day at the rate of seven cenls a bushel In California where aircraft factories shipyards and other war plants have depleted the labor supply he farm labor problem has been particularly acute Mex ican laborers wore brought into the stale under an international agreement Schools at San Fran cisco and other cities have closed temporarily Prison labor from the San Qucntin penitentiary has been pressed into service The American womens voluntary services organization Boy Scouts Girl Scouts are canvassing city residenls for volunteer workers When farmers in the Wenatchee and Yakima areas of Washington tors aw the need for 7000 workers to harvest potatoes apples and t sugar hccts they sought aid from the U S cmplomncnt service Ap proximately 1500 workers al lowed expenses to and from Wash ington were recruited through the employment office at Chicago Many responded to the lure o a trip through the mountains of the northwest The labor situation was described as improved this week principally as a result of n SI000 000 government transportation al lotment to recruit midweslcrn workers In Utah the Salt Lake labor board had prepared recommenda tions for a beet harvest vacation in two school districts Many Jap anese evacuees have gone to work in the beet fields and growers have asked for a more simplified pro cedure o enable them to obtain men from the evacuee camp at Utah Stores in some cities have closed in the afternoons per mitting Iheiv employes to work on nearby farms The southern branch of the Uni versity of Idaho has offered lo re lease all students wanted for work on beet farms Montana also has imported Jap anese evacuees from the west coast and has more than 1000 at work Indians have been recruited from Montana reservations Gov Ssm C Ford of Montana asked the department this week to send between 1000 and 1000 troops into the state on three week furloughs He urged Presi dent Rooscvct Wednesday to cut red tape and general inertia to release soldiers whom he de scribed as the only adequate labor supply available to save the bumper crop of sugar beets The army recently refused a similar request from California growers Gov Harold E Slassen of Min nesota was cnroute to Washington Wednesday to confer with federal authorities about the farm labor problem Before he left 3000 farm ers in central Minnesota petitioned Washington officials to give im mediate consideration to the seri ous threat to the farm and dairy food supply and production Gov Dwight Green of Illinois asked President Roosevelt Wcd lional leaders within 30 days In formulate a program that will make available manpower to agriculture A committee representing dairy groups suggested this week that it may be necessary for the govern ment to assign workers to an agricultural corps At Washington Sen John W Bankhead D Ala predicted that Economic Stabilization Director James F Byrnes would vise his subsidy powers to assure an ade quate supply of farm labor Sen Sheridan Downey D Cal intro duced a resolution to create a sen ate committee which would inve5 tigate the agricultural labor short ncsday to call a conference of naI ages in the far west li ;