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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 6, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME v COM DEPARTMENT F H ISTOttY ANO ASCII KOINES IA VOL L Associated ftes and United Press mil Wins France Still Faces Many Big Problems HV EARL HALL GlobeGazette lUanagiug Editor Letter No 35 London England By U S Army Bomber Transit Any body who glibly concludes tha the problem of Francehas bee solved with the mere military liberation of that country stamps himself as a wishful thinker That is a belief deeply fixed in my thinking aft er a bit more than a month of rather close exposure to the problem here in England and for some 10 HALL days in France Theres grave danger of cesses such as have characterize another era or 2 in French his tory And with this danger pas there still will be the problem o restoring the kind of democrac which had its birth in Trance At the moment there is a ver pronounced chasm between thos who have done their fighting fo a Free France outside that coun under the leadersh of Gen De thos who opposed naziism just as ef fectively in the underground a home The Free French of the Interio are in no sense unanimous i their acceptance of DeGaulle Many accept him as a mUitar leader but shy away from the ide of following his political leader ship Among the liberals of England and I think the same is true o the liberals of France there is disposition to look upon the lanky general as possessing a funda mentally fascist ideology this ii spite of his position of favor wit Russia Thats one problem Anothe stems from the suspicion whicl attaches to all French people whi have come out of the period o nazi occupation with whole skins They must have been collabor ationists or trtey wouldnt b alive seems to be a rather com mon type of reasoning Another problem perhaps mbri easy of solution bases on th youth of France who like to look upon themselves as junior Ma quis In some manner theyve gained possession of considerable ammunitiion probably left by the Germans Every night in the spirit o holiday these youngsters get to gether and do a bit of celebrat ing Its best not to be in the neighborhood when they star shooting Then theres an interesting sit tuation developing with respec to the newspapers of France Some of them notably Matir and to con tinue publication during the pe riod of rtazi occupation Others notably Figaro went and published clandestinely Now the very fact that news papers continued publication Un der nazi domination is taken as evidence that they collaborates The result is that they have been driven out of business and the pa pers which went underground have come to the surface in a big way What lies ahead for those pub lications which in prewar days had enormous circulation if jiot always a good influence on France is anybodys guess And my own guess is that most of them have been buried for keeps the war one of the dis tinguishing marks of Frances politics was its multiple parties There was a party to suit every whim and fancy Many believe that this manifestation of nation al disunity was a principal factor responsible for the countrys sor ry foldup in 1940 Nearly every Frenchman talked to expressed a hope that there wouldnt be a return to that hodge podge political pattern Theyre hoping for a setup in which there will be 2 major par for the liberals and one for the conservatives Its to be remembered how ever that theyre Latins and in dividualists I frankly dont expect any such tsability in the immedi ate future Editor Hall to Speak on Trip to England at Forest City Meeting Forest W Earl Hall of the Mason City GlobeGazette will tell of his 2 months trip to England Ireland Scotland and France al the civic auditorium at Forest City Tuesday evening under the auspices of the local Rotary club It will be open to the public with no admission charge FATHER OF 12 KILLED Columbus Junction la ther of 12 children Marcellus Teel 60 was killed when struck by a car Tuesday night A verdict of accidental death was returned by a coroners jury gASON CITY IOWA FKJDAY OCTOBER 6 I944 GAINJOLEJOAZiNriifTLl British Capture Rion Strike Toward Athens RESISTANCE OF NAZIS MELTING BEFORE ATTACK 50000 Guerrillas Are Reported Rising Before Retreating Germans Rome UR British invasion forces supported by RAF war planes operating from bases on the Greek mainland overran the northwestern corner of the Pelop onnesus and struck down the north coast of the peninsula foi Athens Friday capturing the for tified port of JUon 60 miles west of Corinth and 95 miles from the naziheld capital German resistance appeared to be melting swiftly in the face of the swift British advance after a savage but shortlived attempt to hold the biff seaport of Patrai the 3rd city of Greece and thenazis main staging base for the supply of their forces on the west coast German coastal batteries cov ering the entrance to the Gulf of Corinth were silenced quickly by the fastmoving Tommies and it was indicated that British war ships would soon be operating in those they were not already there to avenge the beating they took from the luft waffe during the illfated battle for Greece in 1941 Other forces landed in the southwestern corner of Albania 5 miles from Sarande Bad weather restricted their movement inthe hilly and difficult terrain The Germans still held but in Sarande and maintained artillery positions along the road to Delvino British artillery shelled the mainland of Yugoslavia from the Dalmatian islands Radio Ankara broadcast an unconfirmed report that the Ger mans were blowing up their am munition dumps on Rhodes and preparing to evacuate that island stronghold in the Aegean Sea Greek guerrilla armies esti mated at some 50000 men were reported rising everywhere in the path of the retreating Germans and front dispatches said many of the nazis were drowned in a panicky attempt to escape across he Gulf of Corinth from the PatraiRion area Hion 8 miles east of Palrai ias captured Thursday along with few trapped Germans and a communique said the British im mediately engaged enemy ship ping in the presumably evacuation with tory results satisfac The British also turned the Rion batteries against German guns across the gulf in Andirrion and knocked them out in short order pemng the entrance to the gulf or a possible naval attack against Corinth itself From Corinth a narrow causeway leads to the mainland proper and Athens 35 miles beyond Other British units were re ported mopping up isolated Ger an security battalions in the ntenor of the Peloponnesus The communique said bad weather bogged down allied op erations m Albania limiting the ghting to patrol clashes and ar illery duels Thursday With the capture of Patrai and he neighboring port of Rion the British occupation of the Pelopon nesus was expected to be speeded np materially RAF squadrons al ready were operating from the atrai airdrome and it was in dicated that seaborne supplies and enforcements would he moved 2 ports in increasine The paratroops and airborne in antrymen who preceded the sea ome invasion forces into the Pe oponnesus advanced almost 90 crosscountry against little BRITISH IN GREECEBritish forces striking by sea and air have landed in Greece entered the port of PatSf A and seized the atys airport it was announced by al ied Mediterranean headquarters In Albania other allied troops were harassing the Germans in the area of Sarande B Jiarjy this week allies occupied island of Kythera C off southern Greece v f niles dis no opposition but front atches said the Germans put up terrific 4day battle before sur endering Palrai early Wednesday normng The Germans shifted every vailable gun and mortar in south rn Greece into Patrai and appar ntly were ordered to hold the port t all costs with the help of their jreek quisling allies The quislings fought side by de with the German regulars for days but they gave up Sunday ight leaving their nazi protec ors pinned hopelessly in the har 1rfrewhere they were slowly hittled down by the British Buy your War Bonds and tamps from your GlobeGazette earner boy AT END OF 2ND Lineups Shifted by Both Teams in Series Sportsmans Park St Louis Coopers left field single scoring Johnny Hopp who reached 2nd when Vern Stephens booted rlopps grounder sent the St Louis Cardinals off to a 10 lead over the Browns at the end of the first lining of Fridays 3rd World Series game The score was still 10 at the end of the 2nd frame Both managers shook up their lineups again Friday when the Sards and Browns squared off in he 3rd game of the World Series with honors all even at one game each A crowd of close to 35000 was on hand as Ted Wilks Cardinals righthander and Jack Cramer 26 year old Brownie righthander warmed up Billy Southworth pilot of the ards returned Danny Litwhiler o left field in place of Augie Ber gamo Luke Sewell moved Gene tfoove up to the 3rd spot in the 5rowns batting order The veter an right fielder got one of the Browns 2 hits in the opening 5 and 2 of their 7 safe blows Thursday Al Zarilla also replaced Chet Laabs in left field for the Vmerican leaguers The heat changed the pregame oflds because Kramer has been a cold weather pitcher Most of his 17 victories came during the cool days of May June and Sep tember and most of his 13 de feats on the hot days of Jnly and August The odds on the Cards dropped from 3 to 5 to 2 to 5 and increased on the Browns from 7 to 5 to 8 to 5 It was the first World Series experience for both Wilks and Kramer and they were meeting in the critical 3rd game Nine times in the past 10 years the club wnich won the 3rd game went on totake the series FIRST INNING Cardinals Litwhiler flied to Za nlla in left Stephens let Hopps grounder go through him for an error the Cardinals centerfield er reaching 2nd Stephens went back of 3rd to take Musials fly Walker Cooper singled over short SCORING HOPP After working the count to 3 and 2 Sanders walked Al HoHingsworth a southpaw started wanning up for the Browns Kurowshi went down swinging One run one hit one error two left Browns Gutteridge struck out Sanders the field boxes back of 1st base Verban tossed out Moore No runs no hits no errors none SECOND INNING Cardinals Marion struck out Verban fouled out to Hayworth near the plate Wilks looked at 3rd strike No runs no hits no errors none left Browns Stephens walked Mc Qumn also walked on 4 straight zWua flied to Musial in right the runners holding their bases Christman forced McQuinn at 2nd Marion to Verban Ste phens moving to 3rd Hayworth walked toload the bases Kramer struck out No runs no hits errors three left BOMBERSlTAST PLANT IN BERLIN 1 200 Large Planes Make Raids on Nazis London A fleet of re than 1200 American heavy bomb ers attacked an airplane engine plant in Berlin and numerous oth er industrial objectives and air dromes in Germany Friday Strong forces of British heavy bombers dumped a profusion of bombs and more than 350 000 incendiaries Thursday night on Saarbrucken a major rail cen ter and arsenal in the Siegfried line behind Metz Enemy broad casts said it was a terror raid British Mosquitos before dawn gave the German capital a sample of the heavier shower of explo sives rained by one large force of the 4engined American planes in daylight About 750 long range Mustang and Thunderbolt fighters escorted the bombers on this one of the greatest mass air blows of the war Some planes flew 1400 miles round trips Besides the aircraft engine plant in Berlin the Flying Fortresses and Liberators bombed a tank assembly plant a military depot and an ordnance depot RUSSIANS FIGHT NAZI FORCES AT BELGRADE EDGE Believe Titos Army to Be 1st to Enter Capita Formally Moscow fP Russian and Yugoslav troops fought the Ger mans in the outskirts of Belgrade Friday and front dispatches dicated patrols had crossed o the south bank of the Danube from captured Pancevo less than 9 miles from the capital Marshal Tito was reported near the front and it was believed troops of his army of national liberation would be the first for mally to enter the fortified old city of 267000 The range of hills at whose northwest corner Bel grade is located is ideal for red army infiltration tactics Pravda said other allied Slavic troops had reached the vicinity of Nis 130 miles southeast of Belgrade whore the Belgrade AthensSalonika and Belgrade Sofia railroads meet In northern Yugoslavia alon the Tisza river other Russian troops were less than 30 miles across flat Hungarian frontier country from the 2nd largest Hun garian city Szeged imperiled frontally from Romania as well The conquest of Hungary was Jeclared in Russian newspapers o be the first priority objective of Russian strategy The red army is clearing its way to Budapest by fire and Pravda announced Hun gary protects the Germans south ern flank and continually supplies cannon fodder The ioss of Ifuii grary would mean the loss of raw materials such as oil metals and foodstuffs Szeged is 96 miles southeast of Budapest SJSrtyfive miles due spilth of Belgrade Yugoslav units were locked in bitter battle with the Germans for the village of Topola lome of lack beat the Turks a century ago and founded the royal dynasty from descended which King Peter Western Front Now 302 Miles From Berlin By the Associated Press The road to Berlin front 302 miles from north of Venlo front 310 miles from Warsaw front 5S4 miles from south of Bologna Weather Report FORECAST lason City Fair and rather cool Friday night and Saturday owa Fair and rather cool Friday night and Saturday fresh day time winds Minnesota Partly cloudy and cooler Friday night and Satur day Occasional light extreme north portion Friday night Fresh winds IN MASON CITY JlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 65 Minimum Thursday night 44 At 8 a m Friday 45 Hain Thursday zi inch North lowans Friday cheered the sun which made its first ap earance this month iTEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Frost PARAFRAG BOMBS SCORE HITSTwo bombs vent SnnaiffCY Wel Sally plane S went up in smoke a few seconds after this picture was taken during a lowlevel bombing attack on Old Namlea airdrome on Boeroe island near Celebes in the Dutch East Indies by the U S army 5th air force Rooseyelt Disowns Support of Communists Charges GOP Spreading Tear Propaganda his 4th term bid in dress Thursday night a radio ad Employing such spiked phrases s rabble rousers politica propagandists and bigots Mr Roosevelt declared I have never sought and I do not welcome the support of any person or group committed to communism or Fascism other foreign ideology which would Undermine the American system of government or the American system of free com and private 73 38 GO INTO ACTION London ff Several Volks renadiere divisions Himmlers home guard have gone into action on the western front the Frankfurt radio said Friday APPROVE VETERANS LOANS Dubuquc committee of Dubuque county farm security adv ministration chairmen and district supervisors approved the applica jons for 3 farm loans to veterans at a meeting Thursday SCORE BY INNINGS 23456789 Cords D ED 02 11 Browns H H H W MfWSPiPfBBOr BfGUURlY petitive enterprise property He devoted a large part of his 2nd campaign primarily as a get out the vote references to commu nism in opposition speeches He did not mention names but said it was T source of regret to all decent Americans that some political ropngandisfs are dragging red herrings across the trail of this latiotial election For example he asserted la ior baiters and bigots and some iQliticians use the term commu nism loosely and apply it to every progressive social measure and to the views of every foreign born citizen with whom they disagree They forget that we in lie United States are all descended from immigrants all except the anil there is no bctfor proof of that fact than the heroic names on our casualty lists president referred to a statement by Chairman Anderson DN Mex of the house com mittee on campaign expenditures that 13 republicans in congress had recently sent free through the mails more than 3000000 copies of a colleagues speech requiring more than 18 tons of scarce and expensive paper and at the tax payers expense This document Mr Roosevelt aaded says that the red spectre of communism is stalking our country from east to west from north to charge that the Roosevelt administration is part of a gigantic plot to sell our democracy out to the communists Continuing the president said This form of fear propaganda is lot new among rabble rousers and fomenters of class seek to democracy itself It was used by Mussolinis black shirts and by Hitlers brown shirts It has been used before in this country by the silver shirts and others on the lunatic fringe But the sound and democratic nstmcts of the American people rebel against its use particularly y tncir own congressmen and at he taxpayers expense Other points he dealt with in cluded I Demobilization If c said reckless words based on unau horized sources had been used by his opponents in saying the administration is ill prepared for demobilization Such words have been used hre said to mislead and weaken the morale of sol diers and their families He re peated that men in the armed ervices will be returned to ci vilian life at the earliest pos sible moment consistent with our national safety 2 Wartime Controls He said the American people do not need and no national administration would dare to ask them to toler ate any indefinite continuance in peacetime of the controls essen tial m wartime 3 Regisler and Vote He urged all eligible citizens particularly women to register and vote He advocated removal of poll taxes and other vote restrictions and m a reference to the soldier vote said the people will be able to fix the responsibility on those politicians who quitr openly worked to restrict the use of the oallot m this election hoping self ishly for a small vote 4 War He said the United Slates and her allies had waged bril liant campaigns but the German and Japanese resistance remained as determined as fanaticalas ever and we may have to fight every inch of the way to Berlin 5 Peace We must be able to present to our returning heroes an America which is stronger and more prosperous more deeply de voted to the ways of democracy han ever before By Gods grace t must always be a land of op portunity for the individual citi broader opportunity YANKS 6 MILES FROM DUREN IN NEW ASSAULTS Fierce Nazi Pressure Pushes U S Troops Back in 2 Places London S first army forces supported by hundreds of planes and guns struck a solid new blow Friday southeast of Aachen which carried through the dark lanes of Hurtgen forest to within 6 miles of Duren 20 miles from Cologne on the Hhine The new attack gained nearly a mile m coordination with other first army units which were locked in some of the fiercest fighting ol the Siegfried line battle in the Ubach breach north of Aachen Armor from the latter forces curled behind the broken main Siegfried line of steel and con crete and reached the southern outskirts Geilenkirchen in a omile rush The fighting was as hot as any experienced at the Anzio beach head veterans of that Italian bat tleground said and before the new gains were registered the Ameri cans had GIVEN GROUND at 2 places impelled by the heaviest armored counterattacks yet thrown into the contest inside Germany The Germans acknowledging their Siegfried defenses had been breached threw their first sizable armored forces with hundreds guns and infantry into their as saults in FIERCE DETEHMINA TION to block the road to the Rhine The Americans had to fall back from Beggendorf a mile east of Ubach and 3to4 miles inside Germany Under the pressure the Ameri cans also top of a pillbox ridjfe 3 mile and a half south of Ubach and a mile east of Herbach But they held on o the lower Elopes and allied airpower given clear skies for the first time since the wedge battle started flew at the chance to deal devastating blows on enemy armor The Americans who got off to the attack early Friday from Ubach ran into new obstacles as they sought to exploit their gains behind the Germans main belt of steel and concrete The first east of Ubach was a system of community diggings turned trenches due by civilians These proved formida ble as they had been constructed o permit mobile guns to run into hcm fire and change positions before allied artillery could reply The 2nd was southeast of Ubach along a 500yard stretch where a battle of the barracks was tak ng place Here in 4story con crete structures the Germans had concealed a veritable fortress about which they had clustered antitank guns artillery and mor irs The Americans had advanced to within rifle range and allied divebombing the buildings while and flight after allied tanks held back for north a in Siegfried line north of Aachen were sent charging thronjrh the breach to help clear the path of the 1st army to the Rhine 3rd arm veterans fought dtj o the efenSeS the ;