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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 4, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL L Many Changes in Schools of Britain Loom ByW EARL HALL UlobcGazetle Managing Editor Letter No 33 London England Air Mail England is on the eve of a change in its secondary school system which in many aspects is ot a pronouncedly revolutionary character I learned about it in the broad outline at least in an hours visit with D H Leadbeter public relations officer lor the British ministry of education The law au thorising the s w ee pin g changes became ef f e c t i v e on Aug 4 of this year but condi tions arising from the war understandably HALL into PnPOne PUng the months to central TVKP1JU5 2 are central l to broaden the base and make education a selective na ture available to a greater num her of children 2 to raise 14 to 16 years for compuU sory school attendance Th e latter goal is to be reached Ste 4 and April 1947 age will be changed from 14 to 15 f as soon as Practica theextra year will be added iia increased school age limit is expected to have important in direct effects on Englands enfee wage structure and standard of living Always in the past both boys and grls have been apprenticed out at age 14 at a very low rate ot pay They could live at home and their earnings xvere merely added to the family exchequer With the age for discontinuing school moved up 2 years in the future the work they have been doing will have to be done by old Cr 4uds with h Three obstacles block the way to an immediate putting into ef rect of the new educational pro Is the war and the countrys imperative iieed SLV Second inevitable re Paid wil1 be be the construction remain in over 30 school training of teachers And youll be interested to Know Mr Leadbetter observed that of the 3 the last is the most difficult of solution Were going to have to train n lot of to a hurry Maintaining a teaching staff during the war has been extreme ly difficult here as in America Some 20000 men teachers have gone into physically fit men under 35 except for prin cipals who have been required to stheir professions if Bringing overage teachers back into service has been the princi pal moans of meeting this situa tion Women teachers have not been permitted to join the Wrens and the other more glamorous branches of service Plans are well under way for setting up an emergency system of teacher training colleges throughout the island from which it is expected to turn out 10 000 teachers every year Those Quali fied for admittance to these schools will be permitted to pri ority in their discharge from the armed forces Under the new system children between 5 and 11 will be given the same type of education At this point by tests and in other ways it will be determined whether the individual boy or firl should proceed toward train injr for the professions training for crafts or proceed ivith a gen eral education with emphasis on citizenship Whereas up to now the alloca Jion of school support fund has been about 5050 as between the government and the local taxing body under the new program the government will pay about 75 per cent a proportionate increase of authority in the ministry of education The total cost of ed ucation will be about double what it has been in the past Men teachers in high schools now receive about a year women about after 5 years of teacning In grade schools its about 30 per cent less Under the new plan this differential as be tween grade and high school will be eliminated A general retire ment system is already in effect There is an automatic increase for each additional year of service up to about 20 Up to now wealth and class have been important factors in determining how much education a child could obtain From now on a more democratic basis is to prevail The American pattern has been studied more than a little I learned DEPARTMENT or HISTORY AND MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Rtai and United Press Full Leued Wires jtfl MM fm mm mg Paper Consists ot Two SttUonsStcUon v Jf0 JU TANKS GAIN THROUGH BREACH M m mm mm MANY DETROIT PLANTS IDLE IN WAGE DISPUTE 50000 Workers Sent Home as Maintenance Men Go on Strike Detroit The huge war pro duction program in the Detro area was impaired Wednesday a maintenance workers in mor than a score ot factories began strike which their union officer said earlier would be deferre pending a meeting with the wa labor board Before noon 3000 maintenanc employes had left their jobs 1 plants had been closed down an more been than sent 50000 home workers ha Maintenanc workers in 10 other factories ha left their Jobs and additiona closings affecting another 50000 o more workers were said by com pany spokesmen as probable The strike grew out of a dis pute between the maintenanc construction and power house workers council of th United Automobile Workers CIO and the war labor board ove procedure for handling wage de mands The council represents 3800 maintenance men in more thai 300 plants in the Detroit area in eluding virtually every large an small automotive plant Union of ficials have said that a strike b all the maintenance worker would directly and inHireetly af feet several hundred workers in the Detroit area anc paralyze the war production ef fort Closed Wednesday forenoon were 7 plants of the Briggs Manu facturing company where 1 10 were on strike and 30000 work ers had been sent home th Wyoming plant of the De Soto di vision of Chrysler corporation th Chrysler East Jefferson avenu plant and 2 factories of the Kel seyHayes Wheel company Others effected but mamtainini curtaiteil operations included th Packard Motor Car company plant American Metal Products Hudson Motor Car company fac tories L A Youny Spring ant W ire company Timken Detrol company Continental Motors cor poration Chrysler tank arsena and Zenith carburetor division o Benflix Aviation corporation Most of the factories are en gaged m various types of aircraf manufacture A Briggs spokesman had work on the B29 Superfortress bomb ers medium bombers fighters tanks and army and navy anti aircraft guns Approximately S500 workers ere idle for a time Wednesday ac KashKelvinator corporation plants in Lansing in a dispute but they resumed work after a vote to await the outcome of conciliation Produc tion of plane propellers for the army air forces had been halted Jne maintenance workers are members of the maintenance con struction and powerhouse workers council of the United Automobile Workers CIO which had called a strike for Wednesday mornin out subsequently deferred i pending a meeting Wednesday with the war labor board The dispute involves wages paid CIO and AFL maintenance men The CIO union in demanding an investigation by WLB claimed its men were paid less than AFLaf filiated employes and thatit had failed in efforts to obtain equal ization through WLB Spokesmen for theCIO union estimated that 1000000 war work ers could be affected by a strike of maintenance workers The union claims a membership of 38000 maintenance men in 300 plants VOTE ON AIRPORT Onawa Onawa city council has set Nov 7 as the date lor a special election to submit a Proposition to authorize a S50000 bond issue for municipal airport Pejtion for the election was pre sented by Glenn Myrland chair man of tne Aeronautics committee Ox the Chamber of Commerce Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and continued moderate temperature Wednes day night with occasional light ram or drizzle Thursday partly cloudy and warmer loivar Cloudy with occasional rain or drizzle Wednesday night and Thursday Continued moderate temperature Minnesota Mostly cloudy Wed nesday night and Thursday oc casional rain or drizzle south and east portion Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon no decided change in tempera ture IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette statistics Maximum Tuesday 55 iMinimum Tuesday night SI At 8 a m Wednesday 54 Rain n inch YEAR AGO Maximum 59 Minimum 37 Frost Al Smith 70 Governor of N Y 4 Times and 1928 Demo Presidential Nominee Dies E Smith 70 native of New York Citys and deiby Institute Dr Raymond P Sum van his physician said lung con gestion and acute heart failur were the causes He had bee transferred to the institute Sep 23 from St Vincents hospita where he had been treated fo an intestinal and liver disturb ance since Aug 10 Only Tuesday night a doze red roses arrived at the Hospita for him from President and Mrs Roosevelt It was Mr Roosevel who nicknamed Smith the Happ Warrior when he nominate kmith for the presidency in 192f The close political and persona friendship between Mr Rooseve and Smith cooled however i 1938 when Smith took what h called a walk from Mr Roose velt and the democratic party an supported Alf Landon for th presidencyHe aBain opposed th new deal in 1940 stumping fo the republican candidate Wen dell L Willkie Smith had not taken an activ part in politics in recent years devoting himself instead to man agement of the Empire Slat building and aiding in bond drive and other civic activities A prominent Catholic Smit knew he was dying and wa praying all the time said th Hev John Healy his pastor wh was present when deatli came Father Healy said Smith passet on peacefully His death occurrei a months to the day from th death of his wife Catherine Dun Smith A few minutes after he diet Mr and Mrs Arthur Smith a and daughterinlaw Mr an Mrs Francis J Quillinan a son ani daughter and Mrs Emily Warner n daughter ar Smith known for his brown derby cigar and everpresen smile rose from humble sur rpundmes on Manhattans eas side to a place where he nevei was out ot the public eye He was defeated for the presi Auy in 1928 by Herbert Hoover Although he carried only 8 state he received 412 per cent of thi total vote Born Dec 30 1873 the Happy nickname given him by Franklin D Roosevelt when he nominated Smith at the 1928 dem ocratic national ittle formal education He entered politics at the age of 22 as a clerk and subpena ser ver for the subpena ser commissioner of urors In 1903 he was elected a state assemblyman He served I years at Albany N Y becoming democratic leader of the assemb in 1911 and speaker in 1913 After serving as sheriff in New York county he became president of the board of aldermen polling a tremendous vote Tammany hill ran him for gov ernor in 1918 and he won defeat Charles S Whitman He his first political defeat z later when Nathan I ililler was elected to the gover norship but Srmih came back in 922 and beat Whitman His other gubernatorial vic ones were over the late Brig Gen Theodore Roosevelt Jr and O den L Mills As the democratic presidential nominee in 1928 he made his 21st nd last campaign for public of ice After his defeat he accepted the residency of the Empire State Building Corporation later branched out into business life as a director on a dozen or more oards When Smith reached the apex of is political climb in 1928 he faced personal was a de out Roman Catholic a member ot ammany hail nn antiprohibi lomst and a product of the East ide The campaign that year was ne of the bitterest ever fought irgely because of the unspoken vords that accompanied it Smith toured the country mak ng the first important use of radio s a campaign medium Such hrases as Lets look at the rec rd and pronouncing the word adio as raddio were outstand ng Although Smith was erected by re at popular demonstrations foovcr received 21392190 votes o his 15016413 For the first time n a presidential election since the tvrt war the democratic solid outh was broken 4 states a Hoover was active all his life in athohc church affairs On his 70th irthday Pope Pius XII sent him n Apostolic benediction and said e wished to afford Smith an xpression of profound apprecia example f Catholicity which you never ailed to give in all your appear nces in public life Despite his enormous popularity Uh many elements of therpopu Uon Smith made notable pohti AL SMITH cal enemies His feud with Willis Randolph Hearst the publisher was the sensation of the years fol lowing the first World war and the strife between Smith and Wil liam Gibbs McAdoo had ing repercussions Smith and McAdoo were dead locked for 99 ballots at the demo crats J 924national in Madison Square Garden New York where the presidential nom ination finally went to John W Davis It wasMcAdoo who engineered the switch of delegates that achieved Roosevelts nomination at Chicago in 1932 when Smith was the candidate of a stop Roosevelt faction Coolness be ween Smith and Roosevelt re sulted but when the two met at the height of the campaign Hello old potato Smith was quoted as saying How are you Al was the fu ture presidents response and they clasped hands Smiths old enemy Hearst sug gested in 1935 that the happy varrior would be a powerful candidate the next year on the genuine Jeffersonian democratic ticket Smith took no public notice of the suggestion Smith is survived by 3 sons Capt Alfred E Smith Jr now In the Arthur W Smith Walter Smith 2 daughters wrs John A Warner and Mrs J Quillinan a sister Mrs Jary Glynn and 14 grandchil Iren With the exception of Mrs Quil man who lives at Rye N Y alt cside in riew York City Roosevelt U S Bourns Loss of Happy Warrior Washington President Roosevelt said Wednesday that vith the death of Former Gov Ai red E Smith of New York the ountry loses a true patriot In a statement issued at the vhite house Mr Roosevelt said The nation moums the death of he happy warrior Al Smith had qualities of heart nd mind and soul which not only ndeared him to those who came mder the spell of his dynamic Tesence m personal association ut also made him the idol of the multitude To the populace he was a hero rank friendly and warmhearted onest as the noonday sun he had he courage of his convictions when his espousal of un ppular causes invited the enmity adversaries During his tenure as governor f the great state of New York he ttractcd national attention by his Kill as an administrator It was a aturat sequence that he should ecome the candidate of his party or the highest office in the land n a bitter campaign in which his pponent won Al Smith made no ompromise with honor honesty r integrity In his passing the ountry loses a true patriot BOMBERS LASH JAP OIL CENTER OF BALIKPAPAN Yank Flyers Have Only One Air Base Left in Southeast China fey LEONARD MILUMAN Associated Press War Editor American warplanes crowded Into their only remaining air base in southeast China maintained a constant attack on threatening Japanese columns Wednesday while U S bombers in the Pa cific operating from an everin creasing number of fields smashed the most lucrative stra tegic target in the neos Balikpapan oil center The plight of American airmen driven from half a dozen evacu ated fields to the Liuchow air drome lent support to Tokyo propaganda broadcasts that this is to be a longr war Other Japanese broadcasts told of the deaths of 7 more Japanese rear admirals and indicated the Filipinos would not fight Ameri can invasion forces Tokyo has reported the death of 19 admirals within a month One Domei news agency radio cast quoted Jose P Laurel puppet president ot the Philippines as rf smS allow the remnant or iilipmo manhood to be deci mated on the battlefield and by disease or take up arms and fight ill this War Gen Douglas MacArthur who is expected to lead the Philippine in vasion announced GO of his army Liberators had scored telling b ows and left huge fires raging at Bahkpapan Japans most im portant source of aviation gasoline and lubricating Liberators Ifrom the 13th 6 5 bomber barons fought their way through 30 Inter ceptors to loose 74 tons of explos ives on the Pandansari pasolin refraction towers and the paraffin refinery It was a record load for suchrlistance Seven Interceptors and 3 Liberators were shot down It was a murderous job said Donald E Bone ot Garland Utah one ofthe squadron leaders on this fifth raid of the war on ifalikpapan MacAithur said destruction of nis target curtails drastically and immediately the enemys capacity to wage air and naval war and to move essential cargo In keeping with the recent sur prising sorties of solitary navy planes over the southern Philip Pines a single Liberator knocked out a costal vessel 7 seaplan Four British Paratroopers landed with the 1st allied airborne army at Arnhem Holland and were captured on the last outpost on Arnhem bridge over the Rhine leave a rowboat at Njjmegen after making their escape Thequartet was taken to Germany escaped walked through a German town hid in woods made thenway back to the Rhine and found the boat Face of officer at right has been blotted out by censor Browns and Cards 00 at End of 3rd The starting lineups BROWNS Gutterldge 2b Kretvlch Laabslf Stephens ss MoorStf McQuinn Ib Christman 3b Hayworth c Gatehouse p CARDS Hopp cf Sanders Ib Musial rf W Cooper c 3b Lltwhllcr U Marion Verfaan 2b Cooper p combat iMdtar Liuchow landing rate of about 1 a min Japanese bombers attack the base every night DIES OP INJURIES Humboldt Injuries received i an automobile accident proved atal Tuesday to John Green umboldt trucker who died as esult of a fractured skull outvn of refugees pouringThrough the town m flight from Japanese columns advancing from the southeast and northeast Most of he refugees came by train from ne Kweilm area Space in the Packed trains riot occupied by hu nans was filled with household goods and rice Loss of Liuchow might effect the of some 20000 tons of mil that President Roosevelt reported were bein flown into China each month Adm Nobumasa Suetsugu for aer commanderinchief of the Japanese fleets was t LU radio as saying the forthcoming battle for the Philippmes will be of such a far reaching nature as to decide the general war situation Many British in Middle East 3 Years Ask for Home Leave London soldiers who have served 3 years or more m the middle east have swamped army authorities with applications Ieave so they n start u Sir James Grige to d the house of commons the to tal had reached an unmanage able number The order was amended to limit the leaves to cases where wives were over 35 childless and desir capable of bearing chil UMPlBES sears NL1 plate McGoivan IAD Jirst bast Dunn ML second base Pipgras AL third base Sportsmans Park St Mort Cooper of the Cards and Denny Gatehouse of the Browns were hooked up in a scoreless pitchers battle at the end of 2 innings in Wednesdays opening game of the first allSt Louis World Series before more than 35000 fans The rain kept the crowd back and the pavilion and bleacher seats sold on a firstcome first served basis were slow in fill ing Less than 5000 persons were in the park 2 hours before game time Scalpers were offering reserved grandstand and box seat tickets at cost because of the rain but the weather prospects became so much brighter that a near capaci ty throng of about 38000 was present by game time The sun was breaking through intermittently as the Cardinals began batting practice The Card inals were the home club for the first 2 games and also the 6lh and 7th if that many contests are nec essary to decide the best 4 out of 7 classic The game play by play FIRST INNING Browns Gutteridge flied to Marion back ot 3rd base Kreevich fanned on 4 pitched balls and Laabs also struck out No runs no nits no errors none left Cardinals Hopp flied to Laabs on the first pitch Gatehouse threw 3 balls in striking out San ders Musial singled past 2nd but Walker Cooper flied out to Kree vich in center No runs one hit no errors one left SECOND INNING Browns Stephens was thrown out by Mort Cooper Moore worked the count to 3 and 2 and then walked Litwhiler came in to take McQuinns high fly Christman was called out ori strikes No runs no hits no errors one left Cardinals Kurowski flied deep to Moore Litwhiler struck out on 3 pitches Marion doubled down the 3rd base line Verban singled over 2nd sending Marion to 3rd Mort Cooper was called out on strikes No runs two hits no er rors two left THIRD INNING Browns Kurowski took Hay worths slow grounder and threw him out After pitching 2 straight strikes to Galehouse Mort Cooper walked the Brownies pitcher hopp stumbled but recovered in time to take Gutteridges fly in T j center Kreevich hit sharp grounder to Mort Cooper and was thrown out No no errors one left Browns Cords SCORE BY INNINGS 2 3456 7 89 REDS 20 MILES FROM BELGRADE Titos Scouts Lead Russian Troops Ahead Moscow Russian maehine in Americanjeeps with Yugoslav partisans acting as guides speared westward along the Danube less than 20 miles from Belgrade Wednesday Nearly all Yugoslav territory east of the big clbotv formed by the confluence of the Danube and Tisza rivers was reported swept clean of German resistance by red army forces advancing like a a flood from the foothills of the Transylvania Alps more than 50 miles beyond the Danubian Iron Gate Scouts of Marshal Titos parti san army ferried across the Dan ube to meet the Russians on the northern bank and help lead them westward toward the Yugoslav capital field dispatches said On the map the Russian drive looked like an arc one Hank of which was hinged on the Danube several miles west of Bela Crvka The other reached nearly to Hie Tisza east of Petrovgrad The en emy garrison in Belgrade seemed shortly due to be gripped in a pincers Front line reports told of the Germans fleeing after the Hus sians broke up their counterat tacks in the vicinity ot Petrov grad important rail junction of 33000 population 37 miles from the Yugoslav capital YANKEES SPRAY OIL INTO DRIANT TO TAKE BASE Americans Push Deeper in Defenses Protecting Rhine and Cologne London tanks rumbled Wednesday into a 2 mile breach torn in Germanys Siegfried line above Aachen and FANNED OUT bringing their guns and armor into support of a doughboy drive against back stop defenses guarding Cologne The first army smash bad car ried Z miles into Germany Itself AP Correspondent Don White head reported Supreme head quarters earlier declared the drive had carried 3 mites beyond Ubach a mile inside the frontier to one of the enemys main escape roads above Aachen Infantrymen had torn the broadening hole in the westwall defenses beating off 3 German counterblows The Germans were bringing up tanks and guns to meet the grow ing threat Some 125 miles to the south U S third army troops battled at Fort Driant most formidable of the fortresses guarding Metz Su preme headquarters said the doughboys had won full control of the fort but a front dispatch told of bitter fighting continuing late m the afternoon against Germans in underground tunnels and forti fications The breach in the west wall 7 miles above besieged Aachen now extends roughly from Frelenberr south of Geilenkirchen down to Finkenrath Whitehead said The Siegfried defenses were penetrated more than Z weeks ago southeast of Aachen German counterattacks early Wednesday wereSURPRISINGLY FEEBLE one allied officer told Whitehead Those counterattacks didnt have the zip and sting normally to be expected from first line Ger man infantry he said None of the attacks had that quality The answer to that is that the enemy just hasnt got enough first class troops There were indications that the Germans had been taken by sur prise and did not have reserves to mount heavy counter actions Opposing units are watered down with old men youths and non Germans The battle for gunstudded Fort Dnant met intense resistance The Americans broke into the ort on the Moselle rivers west jank after a 2day battle and set ire to crude oil sprayed inio tun lels to underground fortifications n efforts to burn out f he Ger mans Other units captured Ma zieres IBS Metz 7 miles north of Metz The U S first army men above Aachen fought with air and artil ery support to widen their new breach in the German west wall defenses The Germans were firing artillery in the heaviest concen rations of the invasion The first army battled along a GdLN NORTH OF AACHENArrows show sector the western front where iC orces caPtured the German town of Ubach in an offensive north of Aachen Farther ;