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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, October 03, 1939

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 3, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H isr A ART QF IOWA COMP D S WQIMES Id VOL XLV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FlTli LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MAJON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY OCTOBER 31939 11OS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 307 DOUBT ANY PEACE NAZIS MAY OFFER Senator Glass bo equally F R Plan Supported by Glass By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist SENATOR CARTER GLASS support of President Roosevelts neutrality policy is highly impor tant on its own merits Its more important than that on account of the future possibilities it hints at Senator Glass has been about the outstand ingest conser vative southern democratic antinew deal er One cer tainly would have gambled until very re cently that hed Rooseveltian antithird termer that hed fight F Ds renomina tion and assuming the latters re nomination in spite of him that hed take an active part in a demo cratic secession movement with a bolting candidate and all the other trimmings But now that hes swallowed the presidents neutrality program and likes it isnt it possible that hell go the limit and become a regular new dealer To be sure it doesnt necessarily follow Maybe like Alf M Landon he simply draws his political line at the waters edge On domestic ques tions maybe hes as administra tively recalcitrant as ever All the same hes blunted his own 1950 potential sling somewhat by his present attitude He also has blunted the whole southern demo cratic conservative blocs collec tive sting Perhaps some of the blocs members wont agree with him but hes disorganized em anyway because hes so prominent No Particular Attention As an anti the average anti Hoosevelt republican attracts no particular attention His anti ness is taken for granted Sena tor Borahs an exception HE thats due to his individual personality not his party label For that matter there arc sev eral proRoosevelt on the neutrality proposition One of em is Senator only he isnt a republican any more He ran the last time as an independent But he WAS a re publican before that However anybodyd expect HIM to be pro Rooseveltian in this instance hes so loyal a new dealer So hes no especial acquisition Senator Glass IS He could have thrown a crimp into the white houses program if hed fought it Hes helped it immensely by de claring himself in its favor And there are like Senator Clark of Missouri a few anti Eoosevelt neutrality democrats But theyre not SOUTHERN dem ocrats Therefore they dont great ly signify Incidentally they say that southern Missouri is 100 per cent oldline is pro Glass Hence in this juncture pro Roosevelt Alf Landons Advice Alf Landons theory hes pre sented it is that President Roose velt ought to declare himself out of the third term picture Alfs idea evidently is that if we stay out of the war until No vember 3940 and thereafter until March his successor can continue to keep us out His reasoning is that staying out until March 1940 will improve our chance of staying out subsequently if F D definitely says hell quit then Just why isnt clarified Im talking not about the war but about third term possibilities Is Alf Landon right in saying that well stand less risk of get ting into the muss if we disavow F D as a third term candidate Or as declaring himself as a third he means that Alf says that F D ought to de clare himself which is which Sure he the re publican standpoint The trouble The trouble honestly is non partisan HanfstaengI Interned by British Officials LONDON E n s t Putzi HanfstaengI American educated publicist and onetime close friend of Adolf Hitler was said Tuesday by acquaintances to nave been interned by the British government His case it was said would be reviewed by one of the special tribunals created by the British home office to deal with enemy aliens Hitler Completes Plans for Next Phase of War SEEKING PEACE OF ALLIES BUT AT HIS TERMS Polish Division by Nazis and Russia Cant Be Under Discussion BERLIN Hitler has completed his pians for the next phase of the war with a three part program it was understood Tues day Nazi sources indicated that he had outlined his plans fully to Count Galeazzo Ciano Italian for eign minister as follows peace offensive in an effort to induce Great Britain and France to call off the war on his and Josef Stalins term action in event the peace offensive fails of eastern Europe in agreement with Russia incidentally the result of the RussoGerman par tition of Poland A break in the peace offen sive was expected the next few days to be followed by a reichstag meeting at which Hitler proposed on the assump tion that Britain anfl France would reject the terms of the nazicommunisf partners to de liver a peace ultimatum Nazis intimated that final pre parations for Hitlers campaign were discussed during Cianos visitGiano wasbelieyedto have taken to Mussolini an outline of the peace ultimatum speech which Hitler already was drafting for the reichstag session to be held late this week It was reported that the Hitler speech would be couched In con crete terms and would contain suggestions for a peace basis and not merely be a generalized bid for a vague peace Nazis refused to forecast the possible contents of the speech except to say that Germany and Russia had divided Poland and that there could be no discus sion of the acts of the nazicom munist axis As regards Italy nazis said that if peace bids failed there would be further conversations with Mussolini regarding joint meas ures to bring the war to an end within the shortest possible time and negotiations also with Russia Joachim von Hibbentrop for eign minister was believed to have told Ciano that Germany and Russia had concluded no agreement which would infringe Italy s interests in the Balkans As Russia thrust its way fur ther into the Baltic nazis increas ingly indicated that Hitler had given Stalin a free hand there in effect surrendering any claim to Lithuania as part of the Ger man sphere of influence The Weather FORECAST IOWA Generally fair Tues day night and Wednesday slightly warmer in extreme southeast portion cooler in ex rcmc west portion Tuesday cooler in north and west Portions Wednesday MINNESOTA Mostly cloudy occasional showers in central and north portions Tuesday night and in northeast portion Wed nesday cooler except in ex treme southeast portion Tuesday night cooler in east and south portions rising temperature in afternoon in extreme northwest portion Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 69 Minimum Monday night 46 At 8 a m Tuesday 54 Rain and hail 31 irch Rain which felt early Tuesday morning was quite spotted in na ture The amount of 31 of an inch was recorded at the KGLO trans mitter station while at the Ameri can Crystal Sugar company the measurement was 51 of an inch At some other points in Mason City the rainfall apparently was considerably less than these amounts Hail accompanied the rainfall from the low lying clouds YEAR AGO Maximum 75 Minimum 53 LOOK INSIDE FOR RAYMOND MELLOTT of Wreck 2 Plead Guilty in Fatality at Hampton PAGE 2 District Fire School Planned on Wednesday PAGE 5 Red Ruffing Worry to Yanks on Series Eve PAGE 9 RAID OFFICES OF COMMUNISTS Officials Take 11 Before Dies Holding Heaving in Chicago CHICAGO Martin Dies D Tex chairman of the house committee on unAmerican activities planned to question Tuesday 11 persons subpoenaed Monday in raids on the headquar ters of the communist party and five similar organizations Dies arrived from Washington Monday and began a private hear ing on subversive activities in the Chicago region A few hours later his investigators and deputy U S marshals raided the communist headquarters and the employes were ordered to bring their mem bership financial and correspon dence records to the hearing The names of the other organizations raided were not revealed but Dies said documents and records had been seized When the raiders entered the communist headquarters an em ploye shut and locked a safe con taining records The raiders how ever had been prepared with sub poenas nnd ordered that the rec ords be brought to the hearing Dies heard from 15 to 20 wit nesses Monday He said his efforts so far have confirmed reports that Chicago is a hotbed of foreign agents second only to New York City ITALY NOT TO PROPOSE PEACE Wont Make Immediate Effort Which Would Seem Sure to Lose ROME if Wellinformed Italian quarters said Tuesday that it was unlikely that Foreign Min ister Count Galeazzo Cianos con versations with Adolf Hitler would lead to any immediate peace mov on Italys part They said the Italian govern ment would not lend itself to futile gesture which promised no success under present conditions They asserted that it was difficult to conceive of any German peace proposals which would be accept able to France and Britain Count Ciano returned by train from Berlin at a m 320 a m C S T and immediately motored to Premier Mussolinis office where he conferred with il duce Then he attended a cabi net meeting In Italian quarters the next move was expected to come from Hitler who it was thought would outline his peace proposals through his reichstag speech this week Meanwhile an authoritative source said Italy would still seek to limit the war by every possible mean while watching for a prac ticable opportunity to promote peace Hoover Thinks Allies Defeat in Europe Is Not Possible Declares Survey of Resources Assures Britain and France NEW YORK Hoo ver expressed the belief in an interview with Roy W Howard published Tuesday that the defeat of Great Britain and France is impossible If one surveys the whole front land air and economic re am convinced the allies can deiend their empires the former president said The end may be victory for them At worst it might be stalemate I do not see any possibility that it can be de feat The interview published in the Neiy York World Telegram of which Howard is editor was based on an expression by the editor himself that a dangerous emo tionalism is diluting American reasoning that the idea is spread ing rapidly in certain sections of this country that France and Eng land are facing defeat and that in order to avoid catastrophe to civ ilization and to save ourselves the United States must sooner or later enter the European war The former president who saw the World war at close hand as head of the Belgian commission American food administrator member of the war council and of the war trade board responded It is true there is the utmost danger in war times of emotions overwhelming common sense The most regrettable thing that could happen to us would be the building up of a war party in the TJnited But the premise of he ideas you is wrong The war is only a month old But the major factors are already emerging The British and French can and will control the seven seas despite submarines and air planes and can sit there until their enemies are exhausted By their sea power the allies can protect England and all the outlying possessions of both em pires from invasion Their man power can defend France unless the3 blunder into taking wild ad ventures in military offensives and exhaust their man power K Aerial warfare may be de structive but that works both ways and so far as all experi ence goes is not conclusive of any war On the sea Mr Hoover con tinued in the interview the Brit ish and French have naval strength of about 2500000 tons against Germanys about 500000 tons Russia even if she comes in which Is improbable has a negli gible navy Italy has about 600000 tons German shipping is already driven off the seven seas in 30 days Italy would have the same fate if she joined in which at the present time appears also im probable I am confident that our naval experts will confirm that this dominance of sea power may be damaged but cannot be des troyed by aircraft As to Germanys air power Mr Hoover was quoted as saying nobody knows whether it is sup erior or not No doubt the most indetermin ate phase of this war so far is the effect of the improved the air front If we assume the superiority of Germany which is not certain even supported by other air fleets yet again in he defense there is the offset to su perior numbers by the improved antiaircraft guns and other ground protections x x x All ex perience to date shows air attacks can have no conclusive effect on the capture of a country That comes from invasion of troops alone Sea power ana ample man power o defend France would have won the World war with out help from the United States if the allies had not thrown their man power away in futile capture of trenches and in blundering military adven tures It is not to be expected that they will repeat these blunders The economic front is as vital in this war as in the last war In foodstuffs Germany starts the war on bread cards Nobody can store very much food for long Morale is important The allied peoples are convinced they are fighting on moral foundations and for national Their people will be comfortably fed They will have staying power The Germans realize their extreme danger from a long war They HERBERT HOOVER may tryaquick ovenvhelming attack It may mean bad days for the allies But there is little reason to believe it can succeed And then the slow strangle of sea power will have its effect x x x x we need to keep cool After all we must keep out of this war We would be yielding the last stand of democracy if we go in win or lose x x x SENATOR LOG AN IS DEAD DEBATE IS INTERRUPTED Heart Attack Removes One of Roosevelt Program Supporters WASHINGTON un jxpected death of Senator Marvel Mills Logan of Kentucky took one of President Roosevelts supporters from congress Tuesday and brought an interruption in the tense struggle over neutrality legislation The 65 year old democrat who had been a member of the senate iince 1931 died of a heart attack jarly in the morning He had a slight heart attack Saturday night and another early Monday night He missed Mondays session ihe start of neutrality debate Logan was a figure in Kentucky politics since 1910 starting out as a county judge and then serving in succession as assistant attor ney general attorney general chairman of the tax commission appellate judge and chief justice of the state Senator Barkley of Kentucky the democratic leader an nounced the senate would meet Tuesday only to adjourn out of respect to this statesman of the highest quality Political observers speculated on the possibility that Gov A B TELL US SHIPS NOT TO ZIGZAG Nazis Warn Americans to Avoid Suspicious Behavior on Seas WASHINGTON Ger man warning that American ships in their own interest should avoid suspicious behavior in Bntish and French waters was re layed around the world Tuesday by the maritime commission nnd naval authorities The German message was re ceived by the slate department Monday night shortly after Secre tory Hull had cautioned United States citizens to avoid travel on ships of belligerents It advised against such acts n change of course use of radio on sighting a German warship zig zagging screening lights failing to obey a demand to stop and ac cepting convoy by British or French naval forces President Roosevelt said early last Monday that American ships shouldnot be convoyed dim their lights or zigzag and a state de partment official explained Mon day night that the German notice was in effect an acceptance of Mr Roosevelts decision Germany said that neutral mer chant ships have repeatedly at tempted in the waters around France and England to evade the exercise of the rights of German naval forces granted by interna tional law of stoppage and search Church Organ Drives Customers From Tavern DALLAS Texas dis trict attorneys office declined to list a church as a nuisance A beer tavern operator complained thai the organ choir and preaching from a nearby church drownec out the music of his nickelodeum and drove his customers away Prospective Jurors for Sentner Examined MONTEZUMA Tuesday continued to exairrm prospective jurors for the trial o William Sentner St Louis Mo a C I O union vice president who is charged with advocating crim inal syndicalism during the May tag washing machine strike J year at Newton son and then be appointed to the senate vacancy Logan was among the foremos fighters for President Roosevelts court reorganization program o 1937 He was the ranking member of the senate military commit tee chairman of the claims com mittee and a member of the ju diciary committee lie was listed as a supporter of the adminis trations neutrality bill Aside from worlc in law anc politics the senator was creditec with being largely responsible for development of the rock asphal territory in the Green river section of Kentucky Its product is used on roads all over the country Tentative arrangements callec for funeral services at Bowling Green probably Thursday anc burial at Brownsville Ky where he was born He was a Baptist and a leader in the Odd Fellows fraternal or ganization Surviving are a widow three sons and a daughter The home is at Bowling Green Logans death was the second in the senate this year Scnaio Lewis D 111 having died Apri If if 3 SENATOR LOGAN Many Nazi Ships Including Bremen Seen in Murmansk OSLO Norway if A sailoi arriving here from Murmansk as serted Tuesday that he saw in tha Russian Arctic port not only thi big German liner Bremen bu also the German liner New York three smaller German liners anc 15 German freighters He said tha 800 members of the Bremen crew and 400 of the New York liad gone to Germany by way o Russia By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Talk about peace terms Tuesday overshadowed hos tilities on European battle fields On Die western front France reported great ac tivity by patrols on both sides during the night Germany said there was only minor artillery and airplane activity The French estimated they held about 150 square miles of German territory between the Maginot and Siegfried fortification lines w On the eastern front a German communique said German troops marched into the fortress of War saw and began counting prisoners taken during the September campaign in which soviet Russia aided in partitioning Poland w v A Britishair ministry casualty list reported 16 British flyers killed seven wounded three missing and five believed captured since the war started RED DEMANDS ON FINLAND HINTED Government Paper Indicates Russians May Press Treaty MOSCOW strong hin that soviet Russia is preparing t make demands for military aiu naval bases upon Finland as wel as the smaller Baltic states wa given Tuesday in the governmen newspaper Izveslia which gnv the first intimation of decision to march into Poland las month The newspaper tracing rela tions o the Soviets with Finland Estonia and Latvia since 1920 saic aggressive European countrie that concealed themselves uncle the mask of peace loving liavi tried to convert these countries into their vassals and into a zone of operations for completion of their aggressive plans in the basin of the Baltic sea Izveslia in another article said an agreement between Sweden and Finland upon fortification of the Finnishowned Aaland islands in the Baltic this year was con cluded without any legal grounds and was not planned for the pac ification of the Baltic basin and the security of sea borders ot ad jacent countries Survivors Believe Pocket Battleship Sunk British Ship BAHIA Brazil amSurvivors from the British steamer Clement who landed here Tuesday aid their ship was sunk Monday by a German armed raider which they believed to be the 10000 ton pock et battleship Admiral Scheer Six teen survivors from the Clement all m good health were landed by the Brazilian rescue vessel Itat mga For a time they were for bidden to talk but later they were permitted to sny that they be lieved the Admiral Scheer shelled and sank the Clement CHAMBERLAINS VIEWS AROUSE VERBAL CLASH Lloyd George Objects to Blunt Attitude May Consult U S sLONDON Prime Minister Chamber ain bluntly told the world Tuesday that Britain would test Germanys ex oected peace proposals in the light of the Hitler re gimes former worthless undertakings His declaration was made at a dramatic ses sion of the house of com mons climaxed by a verbal duel between Chamberlain and David Lloyd George the World war prime min ister The two men cast in roles al most in reverse from those they have played for years debated Britains course on a comprehen sive peace plan which Lloyd George said might come from Ger many through the hands of neu trals Lloyd George urged very careful consideration for any peace proposal and said that if it or Italy it is vital that we should regard them as neutrals We do not want lo dou ble our enemies If a peace conference is suggested lie said it would be a first class mistake to enter it without asking the United States soviet Russia and Italy to participate We know and the Unit ed States knows that they can help us as neutrals Russia and Italy within the limits of neutrality can make all the difference between being friendly and hostile neutrals Chamberlains reply was that any peace plan worth considera tion would be given careful study but lie made it plain he expected nothing which would meet Britains announced war aims of putting an end to the successive acts of German ag gression Lloyd Georges speech drew an instant charge from Alfred Duff Cooper former first lord of the admiralty that it would go out over the world as a suggestion of surrender Whitemancd Lloyd George rose and cried This is the first time I havn been charged with surrender and Mr Cooper may Jive to re gret it Sir Morris Jones liberal sup porter of the government added t almost despair lo think of what the effect will be in Germany On the other hand George Bu chanan independent laboritc Swallows Toothbrush While Brushing Teeth JERSEY CITY Fayder 31 swallowed hard while cleaning his teeth and wondered why his toothbrush had disap peared At Medical Center Xrays revealed the bruih of regulation size lodged in his stomach Physi cians said an operation appeared imminent DAVID LLOYD GEOKGE verbal clash ;