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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, October 02, 1946

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 2, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS No 305 VOL LII UdUd Ccy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 2 Thl Two ARMY UNWRAPS TRAINING PLANS NAZI CRIMINALS ASK ADVICE ON FINAL APPEALS Several Leaders Marked for Gallows Dont Want to Make Plea for Mercy Nuernberg nazi war criminals marched one by one under close guard from their prison cellsWednesday to confer with their lawyers on final ap peals which several who were marked for the gallows said they did not care to make Their vwrists handcuffed the nazis were escorted by U S military police to special rooms on the ground floor of the Nuernberg prison for their legal conferences Some of the 11 sentenced to be hanged told their lawyers they did not wish to appeal to the allied control council in Berlin for mercy But it was understood that all the lawyers would appeal in any case Up to early evening no appeals had been received by Col John E Ray secretary general of the interallied military tribunal Sat urday is the deadline for the ap peals which in the face of the established facts appeared to be foredoomed At the conferences the prisoners were separated by a sheet of glass from their lawyers They were watched continuously by the mili tary police guards of the prisons internal security retachment Plans for the trial of more high nazis gained momentum even as Hermann Goering and his 10 doomed colleagues conferred with their lawyers on appeals for clem ency with no more than a micro scopic hope of success In Berlin several crowds of Germans marched with red ban ners through the downtown streets denouncing the Nuernberg verdicts They were on the way to a mass protest meet ing sponsored by the Socialist Unity party upon which the So viets look benevolently The musty old Nuernberg court house had another flurry of ex citement when guards drew re volvers to turn back press pho tographers crowding before a door behind which the 3 acquitted de fendants saw their attorneys Those acquitted Franz von Papen Hjalmar Schacht and Hans Fritzsche left the prison where they spent the night for safetys sake but at midafternoon still were in Nuernberg Officialssaid their transport and escort to the British occupation zone had been arranged Informed quarters said Presi dent Truman was expected to make an announcement on the trials of German industrialists If financiers lesser ranking nazi leaders and men implicated in SS atrocities after he confers with Justice Robert H Jackson chief U S prosecutor at Nuernberg Informants said cases were be ing prepared against German in dustrialists but the work had not yet been completed Jackson was expected to press for an early decisionon future nazi trials A white house state ment was expected to disclose whether they would be interna tional or an allAmerican under taking Responsible sources named as prospective defendants when fur ther trials are scheduled Alfred Krupp son of Gustav Krupp one of the original defen dants in the just concluded trial who was excused because of his age and health Hans Lammers member of Hit lers chancellory and of the nazi inner circle Otto Meissner fabulous figure who served through a score of German upheavals from the era of Kaiser Wilhelm to the Titlerian debacle BREATHTAKERS FOR RECORDBREAKERS Three of the 4 navy fliers who set a world distance record from Perth Australia to Columbus Ohio arrive at Washing ton D C to receive victory kisses from their wives From left to right are Cmdr and Mrs W S Reid and daughter Carolyn 6 Washington Cmdr and Mrs Thomas D Davies Cleveland and Cmdr and Mrs E P Rankin Sapulpa Okla AP Wirephoto Navy Orders More Airplanes Like Record Breaking Washington navy highlypleased at the tactical possi bilities of its recordbreaking Truculent Turtle has contractedwith Lockheed Aircraft corporation for an undisclosed number of the long range patrol planes it was disclosed Wednesday i Navy officers said the planes would be formedinto placed at strategic naval bases throughout the world as soon as deliv GOVERNMENT SEEKS CURE IN MEAT PROBLEM See Little Chance for Easing Controls and Granting Price Boost Washington adminis tration was reported casting about Wednesday for some means of easing the meat shortage but no ready solution appeared in sight Aides of top policymaking of ficials told reporters they thought there was little chance the gov ernment would take either of 2 steps which agriculture depart ment meat authorities described as the only apparent ones for in creasing supplies These are 1 Easing of controls and raising prices in order to en courage marketing of cattle and hogs or 2 Government requisi tioning of meat animals from farms A 3rd possible step was sug gested earlier this week by Secre tary ofAgriculture Clinton P An derson He said the government might find it necessary to seize livestock arriving at markets Experts said this might lead to better distribution of available meat but would not increase total supplies Statistical evidence of the short age came in an agriculture depart ment report that federallyin spected slaughterers produced 80 000000 pounds of meat last week This was only 27 per cent of the 292000000 pounds listed for the comparable week of last year White house attention to the problem was indicated by Rep Spence DKy He told newsmen after a talk with President Tru PREVIEW FOR falling from snowladen trees disrupt traffic in the Malnnp N Y business section in the seasons first snowstorm Twelve inch snow Tues JrKJSVlEMY rUJtl Tailing iium snuwiautui uceo uioiupu LLQJJJV m Malone N Y business section in the seasons first snowstorm Twelve inch snow Tues day reached near blizzard fury and set a record for an early date AP Wirephoto eries were made They did not veal the size of the contract 1 The Truculent Turtle one of the P2Vtype planes established a new worlds nonstop flight rec ord when it landed Tuesday at Columbus Ohio after a 55i hour flight from Perth Australia The big blue plane despite strong headwinds and foul weather traveled 11237 miles before it finally landed Cmdr Thomas C Davies Cleve land Ohio who was chief pilot on the Turtles flight told report ers the plane could havemade its intended goal at Bermuda if it hadnt encountered headwinds for 9000 miles of the flight The plane packed with 8400 gallons of gasoline had an extreme range under normal conditions of over 13000 miles As designed for tactical oper ations for the navy the P2V planes bristle with offensive weapons Their bomb bays are designed to carry atomic bombs TNT bombs aerial rockets or depth charges They can fire 16 additional rockets from underwing launchers and are equipped with 6 20 mm cannon and 4 50 caliber machine guns This armament one naval aviator said makes the plane a leader in the patrol plane field The Turtle landed at Columbus with about 250 gallons of gasoline left in its tanks The crew was flown on to Washington in a 4 engined marine transport and the plane followed under command of a relief crew Upon their arrival here Tues day night Davies CrndrW S Reid Washington Cmdr E P Rankin Sapulpa Okla and Lt Crndr R H labeling Jackson ville Fla were decorated with distinguished flying crosses by Secretary of Navy James For restal man Tuesday that he gathered the impression the government might take some remedial ac Spence declined to say what that action might be On the political front Senator Capehart RInd said reports reaching him indicated that The people of America are up in arms over the shortage of meat and are rightly blaming the administration It is the result of administra tion and OPA bungling Capehart added to a reporter He said that to his mind the meat shortage had removed any question that there will be a re publican sweep in the November congressional elections On the other side Senator Lucas DI11 said in a separate interview that he did not believe the meat shortage would be a po litical factor Meat is short but nobody that I know of is hungry or starving he said Lucas is chairman of the dem ocratic senatorial capaign commit tee He predicted the democrats will retain senate control per haps pick up seats and will hold the house Rieeville Team Takes Top Judging Honors at Congress Bv STAFF REPRESENTATIVE Riceville team of Future Farmers of America walked off with top honors in the FFA judging contest at the Water loo Dairy Cattle Congress Tuesday it was announced Wednesday Trailing Riceville were Albia Ayrshire Charles City and De corah in that order The Riceville boys coached by Francis Baldus hag competition 69 teams being By UNITED PRESS Boys snowballed each other in Canton N Y Wednesday while women sat on front porches in Bismarck N Dak and com plained about the heat Temperatures were rising from the Mississippi to the Rockies but unseasonably cool weather cov ered the southeast and New Eng land and most of the midwest Forecasters said that frost would nip most of the Ohio Valley and Great Lakes area Wednesday night The autumns first measureable snowfall east of the inches of at Canton Tues No Nylons for British Women London IP women must forego the luxury of silk and nylon stockings for two to four more years in the interest of national recovery a committee of 16 industrialists has decided In the meantime they must be content with coarse nonfashioned rayons the committee appointed by the board of trade said in a report on the hosiery situation day It was caused by movement of an Atlantic ocean storm inland over Maine The storms fury swept subfreezing air counter clockwise out of the Hudson Bay area and changed rainfall into snow Light flurries fell also in Vermont and Pennsylvania and in western and upstate New York Meteorologists said it would re main frosty for 2 more nights ih New England But it was warming up in the middle Atlantic states Outside the desert areas it was expected to be hottest at Bismarck with a top temperature close to 90 degrees New Strike Wave Ties Up All Shipping in Major US Ports By UNITED PRESS The nations new strike wave tied up shipping at all major ports Wednesday cut production in Pittsburghs heavy industries and affected public transportation in 5 cities Strikesalso affected motion pictures and newspapers The major developments 1 Prospects for settling the nationwide shipping strike brightened as the government came through with a peace formula designed to overcome a stumbling block in west coast negotiations 2 Special sheriffs deputies were sent to Hollywood film studios with the power to make wholesale arrests in the event of more bloodshed on the picket lines 3 The number of idle workers in Pittsburgh rose to 70000 as the strike of 3500 power company employes entered its 9th day ap parently no nearer settlement 4 Walkouts affected transporta Meat Shortage Deprives Convict of Last Wish Wethersfield Conn convicts died in the Connecticut electric chair Tuesday night for the murder of a prison guard one them without receiving his last request for a steak dinner Arthur Tommaselli 24 who was executed with Raymond Lewie 19 and James J McCartney 21 had asked for a steak for his last meal But the request could not be filled because of the meat shortage and chicken was substi tuted Lewie requested link sausage McCarthy ordered eggs Lewie and McCarthy originally had been sentenced to life im prisonment for second degree mur der and Tommaselli was serving two to 14 years for statutory burglary when they attacked and killed a guard Herbert O Parsell March 9 1945 in an attempt to escape tered from throughout the state In the livestock judging the Curtiss Candy company farms Chicago swept the junior senior and grand championships with their Guernsey bulls Their prin cipal competition came from the Boulder Bridge farm at Excelsior Minn and E K Gaylord Okla homa City M W Sprole Mason City took 6th place on his aged bull and ex pressed himself as well satisfied with the added remark I dont have the kind of money that the Curtiss Candy company can put into its herds Texas jersey breeders took four first at the Dairy Cattle Congress but an Illinois man J C Piper Sumner took grand championship bull honors Harry Clampitt of New Provi dence upheld Hawkeye honors in the milking shorthorn class while Buster De La Barre 4yearold owned by Ralph L Smith Chilli cothe Mo was the grand cham pion stallion of the national Bel gian show nosing out Senator Resque owned by C C Good of Ogden Iowa I Mrs John Dvorak of Mason City perennial winner of prizes at the North Iowa fairs canned goods contests took 11 firsts on her canned fruits and vegetables at Waterloo The historian James Truslow Adams worked in his youth in a Wall street bond office Shun Spam San Francisco makers of that GI delicacy Spam set up a free lunch counter for the paradeweary Legionnaires but Wednesday there were 32000 sandwiches left over They hoped to distribute the surplus to school children too young to have been to war Chocolate and Cocoa Get Price Increase Washington going to cost you more money hereafter to satisfy that craving for choco te OPA has granted a 27 per cent boost in the ceiling prices of cocoa cooking chacolate solid chocolate bars chocolate syrup and other chocolate products The action is expected to cut down the size of some chocolate bars and may increase the price of others OPA also granted a 13 cents a pound increase in the price of cocoa butter used in the manu facture of soap and pharmaceuti cal products It granted the increases as a result of a 5 and cents a pound increase in the import ceil ing price on raw cocoa beans Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and warmer Wednesday night Becoming partly cloudy and continued warm Thursday with fresh to tion at Columbus Ohio New York Chicago Tacoma Wash and Pittsburgh In the maritime strike hundreds of ships rode idly at anchor and the Association of American Rail roads clamped an embargo on freight shipments to strikebound ports At Washington however the government exerted heavy pres sure for settlement in the 2nd day of thetieup The maritime com mission promised to extend to all government owned ships any agreement on union security reached on the east coast and the gulf occasionally winds strong southerly Iowa Fair and warmer Wednes day night Thursday partly cloudy and warm except turn ing cooler northwest and ex treme west portion late Thurs day Southerly winds 20 to 30 M P H Thursday becoming west to northwest in west por tion 70 to 75 east and near 80 extreme west Low Wednesday night 44 to 48 east 48 to 54 west Minnesota Partly cloudy and warm Wednesday night and Thursdaywith scattered show ers in north portion Thursday and in Red river valley late Wednesday night Turning cooler in most sections Thursday and Thursday nigljt IN MASON CITS GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Wednesday morning Maximum 66 Minimum 42 At 8 a m Wednesday 53 YEAR AGO Maximum 53 Minimum 39 Two striking CIO marine engineers and the AFL Masters Mates and Pilots had reported progress in their nego tiations for union security with east coast and gulf shipowners West coast shipowners had ob jected to the demands As the government owns hall the merchant ships in operation the maritime commissions prom ise brought considerable pressure to bear on west coast Meanwhile continued progress was reported at San Francisco in negotiations between waterfron employers and the CIO longshore mens union Harry Bridges chief of the longshoremen warned how ever that unless a settlement if reached in 3 days the strike migh very well last 3 months At Hollywood 16 men went to the hospital and 13 to jail after a bloody fight Tuesday which raged through Culver City Cal to the gates of the MetroGoldwyn May er studio then to the city jai where demonstrators tried to storm the walls Pickets were led by veterans wearing parts of their olc uniforms and carrying American flags 1 DEAD 3 HURT N CRASH SERIES 4 Autos Involved in 2 Iowa Collisions Denlson young man vas killed and 3 other persons vere injured seriously shortly before Tuesday midnight as A vehicles figured in a series of collisions Arthur Miller 23 of Utc who had been working at a garage here under the G I jobtraining bill was killed The injured all in a hospital were Mrs Florence Bral 24 Deni son who was riding in Millers ir Mrs Glen Lorenzen 23 Deni son riding with her husband and Eli Waddell 45 of Bronson njured when he stopped to aid the victims after the 1st crash Sgt Al Sterzing of the high way patrol said the Miller anc Lorenzen cars were being race into town from a dance hall when the former struck a bridge abut ment and caromed into the Lor enzen car which skidded 50 fee into a ditch and overturned A pickup truck driven by Wad dell slopped at the scene and wa struck Sterzing said by a ca driven by Luther Hutchinson o Detroit Lorenzen and Hutchinson were not injured A comet increases in brilliancj as it approaches the sun and fades as it departs Unchanged Washington IP Former Secretary of Slate Cordcll Hulls condition described as es sentially unchanged Wednes day A navy department bulletin on the retired cabinet member ill at Bethcsda naval hospital said Mr Hull rested very well during the latter part of the night his condition is essentially unchanged A light brain hem orrhage Monday night left him partly paralyzed and semicon scious AUSTRIA WANTS PAPEN SCHIRACH Vienna ministry justice said Wednesday that Aus tria wil demand that Franz vo Papen and Baldur von Schirach b turned over within 2 months fo trial on war crimes charges Austria previously had de manded that von Papen who held responsible for the weakenin of Austria which led to its ab sorption by the 3rd reich be sur rendered for trial Von Schirach who received 20year sentence at Nuernberg also wanted for his activities i Vienna under the nazi regime lordell Hull Warns Big 5 of Peace Flop Washington Gravely ill ordell Hull counseled the big 5 owers on his 75th birthday Wednesday that they must replace dangerous differences with mu ual confidence or face incalcula le disaster The frail former secretary of tate offered his advice even as he arried on a personal struggle for imc and health to make a final ontribution to world peace Hull suffered a stroke Monday t the U S naval hospital where e has been resting from the task f compiling his experiences in ublic work he hopes will jot only shed light on the past but urnish lessons for the future It was upon those experiences hat he drew for his birthday tatement citing the difficulties in he path of international unity et expressing confidence the ob ective can be attained if the big lowers will only cooperate Only if each nation is united vilhin itself behind policies de signed to these common interests and only as the nations continu ously cooperate with each other n support of those interests can we ourselves and for hose who come after ing peace and free institutions Hull declared Only thus he added can we lave a world order ruled by en ightened reason and just law rather than by stark terror and arute force Hull held that a special re sponsibility rested upon Britain France Soviet Russia and the United States to exercise inside and outside the United Nations world lead ership toward unity and coop eration among all nations Nowhere in his message did Hull refer to the postvictory de velopments specifically troubling international relations to the atomic bomb or to the disputes between the western powers and those in the immediate zone of Soviet interest Nor did he mention the dispute which led President Truman to oust Secretary of Commerce Henry Wallace and subsequently reaffirm Secretary of State Byrnes policy of firmness in re lations with Russia Hulls associates said that the former secretary had worked on the statement for nearly half of the 20 days he has spent in the hospital He completed it before he was stricken iEGIONBAK OF PLAN ASKED BY PATTERSON 3 Out of Every 10 Men Trained Are Slated for Duty in U S Navy Washington army took the wraps off its revised plan for universal military training Wednesday as Secretary of War Patterson asked the American Le gion at San Francisco lor active backing The proposal bore only the war departments official approval but about 3 of every 10 men trained would be for the navy Hence of ficials of the sea arm forecast navy support for the measure before congress The Legion earlier this year sponsored a plan similar in outline Principal pr6visions include THOSE AFFECTED At the outset every male citizen between 17 and 19 inclusive would be re quired to register The re after youths would register upon reach ing 17 Training would start as they reached their 18th birthdays or upon graduation from secondary schools but in either case before age 20 1000000 fit men estimated to be available an nually of whom 726000 would be trained for the army ground and air forces and the rest for the navy TRAINING REQUIRED O n e year or its equivalent The first 6 months would be in army camps with 8 weeks devoted to basic mil itary training and the rest of the semester to technical and ad vanced training Six hours a week would be earmarked to physical education To discharge the obligation of the last half the required year a man would have these options Serve 6 more months enlist in any of the regular armed services national guard or join the organ ized reserve for duty with a fully organized unit enter one of the service academies go to college with government aid take ROTC training and then serve one year or more take ROTC training in college with agreement to accept a reserve commission if offered enlist in the reserve and take ap proved technical training or take advanced technical training with government aid and in return perform army service as the pres ident may direct would have civilian rather than military status They would not be subject to com bat requirements in peacetime nor to military law but would be governed by a specially drawn code of conduct The whole train ing system would be under a civil ian organization like the present selective service system COMPENSATION Trainees would not be paid salaries but would draw an allowance of pos sibly a month and would re ceive medical care They would be entitled to government insur ance and allotments to dependents COST OF PROGRAM Under estimates given congress last year when the war department urged one years universal training cost would be about annually per man or some a year for the In general trainees wouloY have the same uniforms and equipment as regular army soldiers but would be distinguished by insignia or other means During their in itial 6 months they could get holi day and weekend passes but not furloughs except in emergency Negroes would be trained at the same places as whites but in their own units which would be parts of composite organizations The musk ox has the tail of a sheep kidneys of a goat spleen of a donkey bones of an ox ribs of a bison hoofs of a caribou Dwarfies Corporation of Council Bluffs Is Fined on Advertising CouncilBluffs The Dwarfies corporation of Council Bluffs and John Oberdin secre tarytreasurer were fined for violation of the food drug and cosmetics act in United States district court here Tuesday They pleaded guilty to charges that vitamin tablets made by the firm did not contain specified vitamins and were not as adver tised H C Churchman attorney for the company said the firm had remedied the vitamin defici ency and abandoned its advertis ing claims a year and a hall ago ISTC Coeds Can Smoke Cedar Falls now may smoke in the dormitory rec reation rooms for women at Iowa State Teachers college The no smoking rule was modified as the result of a protest mass meeting held nearly a year ago However the coeds still may not smoke in their rooms ;