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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 2, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Or HI5TOKY AND DES HOI HE 3 I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS TOli LEASED WIRES HOME EDITION irnnn MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY OCTOBER 2 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 307 RACES IN NORTH STALINGRAD F R May Make Another Tour of Plants PLEASED WITH MORALE FOUND AMONG PEOPLE Reports Arsenals Are Operating at 94 Per Cent of Efficiency WASHINGTON President Roosevelts inspection of bustling war establishments around the edge of the nation worked out so well that he was giving earnest consideration Friday to another tour or two through the central 4d southeastern sections ol the country He missed those areas while traveling 8754 miles through 21 states in the last fortnight paying surprise visits to pri vate war plants and teeming army navy and marine bases But he had hopes of visiting them next spring He voiced that hope late Thursday at a press conference at which he released details ol his swing around America The trip was conducted with ail possible secrecy Not a line was to be published about it until Mr Roosevelt had come safely back to Washington It took him into plants turning out deadly war weapons and to army navy and marine bases where men were being put into fighting trim He saw production lines turning out endless streams of tanks bombers ships and am The president got the idea he said that these arsenals were operating at 94 or 85 per cent of efficiency that they were approaching the tremen dous production goals set for them and that employers and employes were doing their ut most to obtain maximum out put He said he considered 94 or 95 per cent pretty darned good and added that it would be impossible to reach 100 per cent before the end of the year because of all kinds of causes little and big the majority unpreventable He said he was going to ask for a great deal more in the next few months indicating that the goals would be set higher than they were last January At that time he called for 60 000 planes in 1942 and 125000 in 125000 in 1943 45000 tanks this year and 85000 next 20000 anti aircraft guns in 1942 and 35000 next year 8000000 tons of ship ping this year and 10030000 in 1943 The shipping totals later were boosted Mr Roosevelt said he found the finest kind of morale among the a willing ness to sacrifice and to accept any necessary war measures He described the war spirit of the country as a whole as very much except in the na tions capital W Contending that the war spirit here was far less than in the rest of America the president the blame lor this condi tion among portions of congress the press and radio and admini stration officials Seeking to justify their service to the war effort he said numerous legislators pry into matters better left to military experts History shows he remarked somewhat re signedly that congressmen have been doing this since the revolu tionary war He accused a minority of the press and radio chieHy com mentators and columnists of disseminating reports not based on fact and telling the people things that dont exist This mi nority he said seems to be un familiar with tht country just as are some congressmen Mr Roosevelt declined to men tion any names As for government officials he said some fifth rate executives or publicity seekers whose points of view are not rounded out make picturesque speeches or act out of a belief that their specialties are not receiving due emphasis He recommended that they button their lips The kind of spirit needed in Washington he said was that which he learned about in some of the agricultural areas As he trav eled along he said he had heard how the local bankers druggists newspaper editors and children were eoinff out into the fields and orkmen paused momentarily to get a glimpse of President Roosevelt arrow as he rode down the assembly line of the Douglas Aircraft plant and watched the production army bombers at Long Beach Cal during his recent nationwide tour of war plants and defense installations Official U S navy photo from Associated Press Flyers iiit Nazis at Pylos getting in the crops toTielp farm ers unable to obtairiiabor In the war factories them selves He noted what he termed amazing numbers of women workers plying skilled trades Plant managers informed him he said that in another year probably half the workers would be women Turning at one point to persons who had predicted his trip around the country would be of a politi cal nature the president said he was sorry to have to shock the readers of certain writers But he said the only people remotely connected with politics whom he saw on the he said he did not talk politics with were 11 governors He emphasized that he had not seen a single democratic national committee man or state chairman The president left Washington on Sept 17 and covered an aver age of 600 miles daily Heading northwestward he visited in turn the Chrysler tank arsenal and Ford Willow Run bomber plant at Detroit the Great Lakes naval training station near Chicago an AllisChalmers plant which makes various war equipment at Mil waukee and a federal cartridge company factory at New Brigh ton Minn i V After taking a day out to cross North Dakota and Mon tana Mr Roosevelt stopped in at Farragut naval training sta tion at Idaho and at Fort Lewis the Bremerton navy yard an army embarkation port and the Boeing flying fortress plant in the Pudgct Sound area Traversing the coastal states he inspected a reduction plant of the Aluminum Company of America at Vancouver watched the launch ing of n 10500ton Liberty freigh ter 10 days after the keel was laid at the yard of Henry J Kaisers Oregon shipbuilding cor poration in Portland and looked in on the Mare island navy yard and army and navy depots on San Francisco bay In a single day the busiest of the trip the chief executive in spected a Douglas bomber plant at Long Beach saw an old Span ish mission at San Juan Capis trano dedicated the marine corps new training station at Camp Joseph H Pendleton and looked in on a naval hospital naval train ing center marine base and Con solidated Aircraft bomber plant at San Diego Turning back eastward Mr Roosevelt made his first stop at Uvalde Tex and John N Gar ner the former vice president came down to the train The two exchanged uproarious greetings at their first reunion since they parted political company over the third term issue The nations principal pilot training center at San Antonio drew a presidential visit Mr Roosevelt viewed air corps ac Kelly Duncan and 1 Randolph Uoni cadet center and he re viewed Uhe second infantry di vision which he had known in World war days at Fort Sam Houston The inspections ended with calls at another Consolidated bomber plant at Fort Worth a Higgins Industries boat yard at New Orleans and at Camp Shelby near Hatticsburg Miss and at Fort Jackson outside Columbia Car It seemed lo amuse the presi dent to appear suddenly among the machines and workers in a war factory and find men and women gaping at him in astonish ment Most of them obviously had not been tipped off that the dent of the United States was going to turn up among them in an open car The reasons for the secrecy be came apparent with the disclosure that Mr Roosevelt had entered a zone of actual military operation That was in the far west where he frequently was in sight of the sea Japanese shells have dropped along that coast But nothing hap pened to jeopardize the president on the entire circuit of the coun try CHANDLER AND WHITE TO HURL SPORTS BULLETIN WORLD SERIES TRAIN EX ROUTE TO NEW YORK Ernie White St Louis south paw and Spud Chandler New York righthander were named Friday as the opposing pitch ers in the third ame of the world series at the Yankee sta dium Saturday Hunt 3 Bandits Who Payroll SPRlkGFIELD Hi tale highway police ordered a blockade of all central Illinois roads in the hope of trapping three who slugged an Illiopolis bank messen ger Friday and fled with a S20000 payroll intended for workers at two ordnance plants Timely Dashing Roactto Romance by Lois Eby and John C Fleming New Serial Starting in this issue of the GlobeGazette telling of a girl worker who fell in love with a test pilot accused of sabotage Turn to Comic Page Next Round in Desert Fight CAIRO fri c an heavy bombers hit German shipping in another raid on Pylos Greek poit of supply for the axis armies ol North Africa it was announced Friday as Lieut Gen B L Mont gomery declared his British eighth army preparing for the nexl round in the battle of Egypt The Americans were credited with scoring two direct hits on one ship and numerous near misses on others in their latest raid Thursday upon Pylos which lies on the southwest coast of the Greek Pelopon nesus General Montgomerys declara tion gave added significance to Wednesdays sudden thrust ii which British forces striking a dawn gained a strategic elevation and wiped out a small salient held by the axis in the central sector of the El Alamein front In this operation described as strictly local1 the British pinched off a wedge which had existed around the Sir El Munassib de pression since Rommels recently frustrated attempt to break through towards Alexandria and the Valley of the Nile General Montgomerys statement came as he pinned the Victoria cross Britains highest decoration on a New Zealand sergeant We are preparing now for the next round in which I am sure New Zealanders will pJay an important part he said The end of summer on the bar ren North African desert brought the general expectation that the El Alamein front would not long remain quiet JAP AIRPLANES DELAY WILLKIE TRIP TO CHINA F R Representative Is Welcomed by Flags and Crowds in Chungking CHUNGKING China Wendell L Willkie president Roosevelts longawaited personal envoy arrived Friday at the Chungking airport after a light from Kuibyshev Russia which was delayed by Japanese fighter planes lurking along his course Shortly after his arrival in an American air force plane Willkie Icvealed the reason why it had taken him four clays to make the 3200 mile flight Though he said the delay was due to Japanese pursuit planes he commented that the enemy craft based on airdomes peri lously close to his course did not attack his plane I was in more danger of being killed by the overwhelming kind ness of the Chinese people than by Japanese bullets he added I am proud to be here to meet Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek who is truly a great man of our age I am on a fact finding mission here My judgment of the Chinese people undoubtedly will be im paired because I am already in 2 Jap Ships Probably Sunk in Aleutians by U S Planes Subs Sink 5 Nippon Vessels Other Boats Damaged or Probably Sent Down 2 Communiques Reveal WASHINGTON The navy announced Friday that two Japa nese ships probably were sunk two others were damaged and six Zero fighters were shot down in a recent series oC army air at tacks against Japanese in the Aleu tian islands Earlier Friday the navy an nounced that United States sub marines operating in the western Pacific had sunk five more Japa nese ships probably sunk two oth ers and damaged one W Listed as probably sunk in the Aleutian operations were a submarine and a transport Another transport and a cargo ship damaged The only United States loss in Typhoon By GLADWIX HILL LONDON The designer if the famous Hurricane fighting ilane one of Britains leading air veapons has fathered another ighter the Typhoon whichwas lictured Friday as superior even o the celebrated Spitfire The Typhoon was reported to a decisive retort to Germanys ui 01 us production and use by the the actions was one fighter plane RAF is still unknown In the last Mav plane which has presented a seri ius challenge to the Spitfire The Typhoon a singleengincd ilane unofficially credited with a peed more than 400 miles an lour like the Spitfire is still on he secret list Its existence was nentioned publicly for the first ime last April but the extent if its production and use by the Navy department communique No 137 said North Pacific 1 On Sept 27 army Liberator been increasing talk about Designer Sydney Camm is un derstood to have conceived the otMij ueraiooa 10 nave coiiceivect me bombers dropped bombs on enemy Typhoon in 1937 soon after corn ships and shore installations at pleting the first Hurricane and to ZPPrt fifTlltfM Clinf r 11TT Weather Report FORECAST MASON mild Friday afternoon slightly cool er late Friday night cooler Sat urday afternoon IOWA Continued mild Friday att ernoon through Saturday fore noon except slightly cooler in northwest portion Saturday forenoon MINNESOTA Not much change Friday afternoon and Friday night followed by somewhat cooler in west portion Saturday forenoon scattered light show ers in west portion late Friday night and Saturday forenoon IN MASON crrv GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 80 Minimum Thursday night 49 At B a m Friday 52 YEAR AGO Maximum 73 Minimum 44 Prccioitation 02 irom through the gaily decorated streets of war torn Chungking victim of innumerable Japanese bombing raids in a halfhour triumphal procession to the salute of millions of exploding Fighter planes of the Chinese and United Slates army air forces patroled a wide area of the surrounding country on the watch for Japanese bombing planes as he arrived and mo tored to the residence made ready for him by the Chinese government Four days out of Kuibyshev Russia Willkies big United States army transport plane Tien Shan Heavenly Mountain landed at the Chungking airport at p m a m piloted by an American officer As Willkie stepped from the plane hatless and with his tie slightly askew he smiled broadly and said with a wave of his hand to the high Chinese and United States officials and envoys of five allied nations awaiting him Good afternoon A Chinese army band struck up first the Star Spangled Ban ner and hen the Chinese Na tional anthem Willkies face set in an instant and he stood stiffly at attention Amid a profusion of Chinese and American flags Willkie was wel comed by Gen Shang Chen rep resenting Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek Finance Minister H H Kung Vice Foreign Minister P S Foo Mayor K C Wu of Chung king Gen Liu Shin commander in chief of the Chungking garri son Wu TehChen secretary of the government party Kuomin tang Lieut Gen Joseph W Slil well commander in chief of Unit ed States fighting forces in south cast Asia Brig Gen Claire L Chennault commanding United States air forces in China Ameri can Ambassadar Clarence E Gauss the British and Russian am bassadors he Australian and Netherlands ministers and the Turkish charge daffaires the only neutral official present Hundreds of Chinese ollicials watched tlie ceremony Kiska One Zero fighter was shot down Damage to bomb objectives could not be determined All our planes returned 2 On the same date near the island of Attu three army bombers attacked a transport escorted by a destroyer Near misses damaged the transport which when last seen had stopped it 3 During the morning of Sept 28 a strong force of army heavy bombers escorted by Bur suit craft again bombed enemy ships and buildings at Kiska Zero fighters and antiaircraft vessels at HOGS REACH NEW 22 YEAR HIGH CHICAGO price ot hogs reached a new 22year high on the livestock market Friday Butcher hogs weighing 220 to 280 pounds brought S1550 a hun dredweight the highest price since Oct 18 1920 when porkonthe hoof sold at S1575 The popular demand coupled with govern ment and lendlease requirements has produced the shortage re sponsible for the high price J S Campbell U S department of agriculture said ttrnptra to feptl attack A transport and a submarine tvere damaged and probably sunk and five Zero fighters ivere shot down One of our pursuit planes Has lost 4 During the afternoon Sept 28 army bombers again at tacked the Kiska area strafing and bombing ships and shore fa cilities Results of this attack are not known 5 During the same afternoon army planes attacked an enemj cargo ship northwest of Kiska The ship was bombed and strafed anc left In a damaged condition Navy communique No 136 said Far east 1 United States submarines have reported the following re sults of operations against the enemy in far eastern waters One large seaplane tender sunk One large cargo passenger ship sunk One large freighter sunk Two medium sized cargo ships sunk Two medium sized cargo ships damaged and probably sunk One large tanker damaged 2 These actions have not been announced in any previous nav department communique These successful attacks by American undersea raiders raiseo the total bag of Japanese ship taken by submarines as report cd by the navy here to 74 ves sels sunk 19 probably sunk and 22 a grand total of 11 ships BACK CONTROL OF MANPOWER WASHINGTON support among several toprank ing war officials for manpowei control legislation was reportec Friday amid growing indications that the issue soon may dominati congressional discussions Some house appropriation committee members disclosed tha most of the war manpower com mission in executive session were agreed that legislation would be come necessary to mobilize full and allocate available manpowc to industry agriculture and thi armed forces Present at the closed hearin Thursday were Manpower Com mission Chairman Paul McNutt War Production Chief Donah Nelson Secretary of Agriculture Claude Wickard Selective Servici Director Lewis Hershey Unde Secretary of War Robert Patter son and Under Secretary ot Nav James Forrestal The committee members de clining xise of their names saic that none of the group had of fered any indication of xvhen tli legislation would be sought no of what form it would take How ever one democratic member ex pressed belief it would reach capi tol hill in November iid for air superiority in ockeWulf 190 the only axis the lave usedreports on the Hurri canes performance in the battle of Britain as a guide in complet ng the Typhoon improvements The Typhoon is armed with nachineguns and cannon and is said to have an amazing climb ing ability It is believed the lane which Aircraft Production Minister Llewcllin referred to in parliament last July when he aid There are two new German planes but we know a great deal about them Our newest plane now coniingN into production is better at nearly every height and is as NAZIS TELL OF NEW VIOLENCE IN THAT AREA Russians Reported to Be Warding Off New Attacks on Ruined City By ROGER D Associated Press War Editor German military quarters ad mitted late Friday that tiie main weight of battle in the 39 day old siege of Stalingrad had shifted gradually toward the northern German flank where the red armies have been attacking in a strong relief offensive In the northern parf the ar tillery struggles and aerial com bats have Increased to a violence never expected so far said DNB the official German news agency Communication between single righting groups is hardly possible any longer through the smoke of exploding projectiles and the dust of crashing houses German infantry troops and OLD RING FOUND CHICAGO dig ging a right of uay for a railroad spur to a new war plant found a wide gold band wedding ring and returned it to Mrs Emma Hcnk B9 who lost it 47 years ago while working on her husbands farm Charlie Hcnk 73 her husband said he plowed the land year after year searching for the ring with out success OMAHA CONTRACTOR DIES OMAHA A Carlson S2 Omaha president of the contract ing company that bears his name died suddenly Thursday of a heart attack near Hancock Iowa while nspecting a road construction job sappers are fighting their way for ward step by step DNB quoting nazi military quarters said the shift to the hod developed in the past Uyo days but whether this was due to pressure of Russian coun ter attacks from within the Volga city or to meet the soviet offen sive frcm the north was not ex plained Russian shock troops attacking with gun butfs and bayonets were reported driving the Ger mans from house Baiter house amid the nightmare Stalingrad Friday and once again At appeared that the astonishing sbvfets had warded off disaster It was the 39th day of siege A bulletin from field headquarters asserted thai German troops had captured suburban Orlovki in he north ivest section of Stalingrad and claimed he encirclement of a major soviet force to the west of this center Soviet dispatches declared he Germans gained only 200 or 300 yards in tile northwest suburbs losing nearly n thousand dead The nazi high command said new Russian assaults against the German barrier north of the city had faeeii repulsed with a loss Thursday of 124 soviet tanks Rallying Premier Stalins lar rfAVkMnznnv The red army open arrows offered a deep hardened front to the German invaders black arrows all along the LeningradCaucasus front Strong soviet units in the Mozdok area held nazi mechanized assaults At Novoros sisk a red force struck at axis forces southeast of the city Before Stalingrad the German thrusts at the north west outskirts of the city were being neutralized by soviet relief offensive Kalinin the soviet offensive contin ued to inch westward In Leningrad the red garrison was ready for the long expected German assault ;