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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 1, 1951, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Doily Newspaper Edited foe UM M CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH I 0 W A N S N E I G H B 0 RS HOME EDITION VOL LVH AwocUted PKM and United Full Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY OCTOBER 1 1951 This Payer Consists ol Two No One Mans Opinion A Commentary W CARL HALL Managing Editor The Blessings of a Free Press week ahead national Newspaper week will Im quite sure help to renew in the people of America an apprecia tion 1 of blessings of a press But I could greater that it free feel spread the gospel to other lands One of the hardest things in the world rfor me to understand is why the people of any country need any selling talks on this sub ject And yet at is painfully clear that America stands alone in its firm insistence on and full appre ciation of this thing we call a free press In a real sense of course this freedom instinct has been handed down to presentday Americans as a legacy from our British fore bears Thats where it was born And yet I know from a rather extended contact with the con temporary Briton in his native habitat that this ideal of a wholly free press is not as well developed even in our socalled mother country as it is here in the U S Canada and Australia I suspect approach closest to our conception of a free press but ifs my im pression based on closeup in spection so far as Canadas news papers are concerned that even there the limitations on the free dom of the press are greater than we have in the states Indifference Elsewhere Elsewhere in the world as our American representatives on the United Nations body set up to ad vance the cause have found out to their dismay there is a pathetic indifference concerning the whole business In fact its more or less an unverified rumon One assumption which is almdsl universal is that freedom of the press must be subservient to the authority of government The idea that printing news and opinions unfavorable to the existent regime is unthinkable comes mighty dose to being universaL It isnt as you might suspect something confined New Records Mark Iowa Liquor Sales Fund Transfer Reaches Peak Moines new rec ords studded the Iowa liquor con trol commissions fiscal year re port released Monday by Gov William S Beardsley It covers the 12 months ended last June 30 1 Netliquor sales reached a record high of 2 Net income of se the second new peak point 3 Transfer of to the state treasury for distribution to cities and towns and for taxing districts marked another hew high This transfer is required by to tBccommunist nations or otherturbancesthere is a likelihood countries with a totalitarian past Because of this misconception concerning the true nature of free dom this TIN1 committee to which Ive made reference has found it impossible thus far to arrive at any declaration of world policy that doesnt seem to give affront to Americas long cherished ideals Guarantee Against Tyranny Fundamentally of course noth ing about freedom of the press is quite so important as the rightto report the truth about and to cri ticize government It constitutes the peoples foremost guarantee against tyranny At this very time in most coun tries the press is being used as a tool of government Its function under such circumstances is not to inform but to confuse A con trolled press suppresses rather than disseminates truth Its a significant fact that all of our modern despots Hitler Mussolini Stalin all of them have started their march toward absolute power by seizing control of the press Taking over the courts and the schools has fol lowed For this very reason enlightened Americans not merely the news papers view with alarm any and all proposals vbich would have the effect of giving government even a slight control over what goes into a newspaper This could well be the proverbial foot inside the door Written Into Orsanic Law The right of Americans to a free press was written into our or ganiclaw It was guaranteed in the bill of rights along with the right of free speech and the right of assembly Freedom of the press is some thing vastly important unto it self But it bottoms and stems from something even more important Back of and beyond freedom of the press freedom of and all of the other basic freedoms is the RIGHT OF THE PEOPLE TO KNOW THE TRUTH Am I saying in this that the people of America invariably arid without exception getthe truth from their free press If that is the impression Ive left Iwould like to correct it straightway In the first place newspapers are the product of human hands and human minds That means they are subject to the error and fallibility which marks all activ ities by mere man No Suporcssion Possible Its true also that some news papers and some journalists may become subservient to base pur poses this is whats im a competitive system the truth will out What one newspaper seeks to suppress an other will publish George Sokol skv has stnted it this way Competition safeguards free dom as eomtjctition makes men in our profession alert to the fact that thpir own stock in trade is the readers confidence in their chnrnctcr nnd judemfitit With every freedom or right goes n responsibility and arcount CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 law 4 Transfer to the treasury of representing the sales tax on the dollarvolume business also surpassed all previous amounts The commission also listed as high points of the year the facts that store and warehouse inven tories are down to normal nigh loading of trucks for shipments to stores has been discontinued nearly 20000 more cases of bev erages were shipped to stores than in the preceding year and naulinj costs were reduced slightly and delivery trucks traveled 476000 miles without an accident An Analysis In an analysis of the report the commission commented rise iin dollar volume was not accompanied by a similar in crease in the gallonage figure Total gallonage consumption was off 7 per cent The disparity can be attributed almost wholly to the markup increase in April 1950 which obviously gave rise to dollar revenue without an accompanying rise in gallonage Sale of straight whiskies con tinued its recovery trend which is prevalent throughout the coun try rising close to 66000 gallons or 29 per cent above last year In consequence sale of blended whis kies declined nearly 76000 gallons or 45 per cent A persistent swing from spirit blends to straight whiskieshas taken place since the latter be came available after scarcities in World war II Unless this situa tion is changed by economic dis that consumption of spirit blends will eventually yield its leadership to the straights Uncertainties Although wartime uncertainties still exist and some abnormal stocking is evident the Iowa com mission is pursuing a policy of caution with respect to inventory It is concluded that the approxi mate 7 supply in distillers warehouses is adequate to dis charge immediate concern Among the statistics included in the report were these Sales of individual purchase per mits in the year ended last June 30 totaled 308500 a decrease of 227 per cent compared with the previous year Arrests for intoxication totaled 24973 in the last year an in crease of 3354 over the previous year Arrests for driving while in toxicated totaled 4148 a decrease of 89 Convictions for intoxication were 23304 an increase of 2319 onvictionrfor driving while in toxicated were 3335 an increase of 127 Overall the percentage of arrests resulting in convictions last year 9276 the year before Mason City Liquor Sales at Sales by the Mason City store of the state liquor commission otaled in the year ending June 30 thecommission reported Monday The net income of the store was Cost of the liquor sold was the report showed and ermit sales totaled Oper ating expenses of the local store vere S30529 and its share of the central office expenses GlobeGazette photo by Sorlien NINEHOUR the bodies of two men who drowned in Clear Lake Sunday afternoon turned out to be a 9hour job for the men dragging the bottom One was found in midforenoon and the other just before noon Dragging began soon after the men went weighted down by heavy clothes and boots about p m and con tinued until dark It began again at dawn Monday Elect Alexander Des Moines Oklahoma minister told an Iowa GOP ral ly here Sunday that a republican president must be elected in 1952 or my 12 and 13 year old sons never will get to vote in a free America The Rev William H Alexander 36yearold minister of the First Christian church in Oklahoma ity spoke ata rally sponsored by he Iowa Council of Republican Women He urged the crowd of 1200 to fight the epidemic of falsehood in a paternalistic government until a republican president is elected Alexander a former boxer who stands 6 feet 3 inches tall shed us coat and loosened his tie dur ing his hourlong talkv He was the unsuccessful repUb ican candidate for U S senator in Oklahoma last year Alexander declared running ior the senate cost him in speaking fees and ran him nto debt And it taught him he said that politics is the dirtiest ame in the world You canbet your boots politics is dirty brother Alexander de clared It wont get any better unless you get out with your scrub ails and brushes and make it etter Youd better clean up the dirty mess Alexander criticized republicans lor letting smooth talkers pose as saviors of the common people Heurged those present to stop moral decadence in high places If we continueto look upon the Maragons the Hisses the 5 ercenters the Vaughans the Andrew Mays the mink coats the Bodies of 2 Drowned in Lake Found Victims Worked for Garner Firm Clear bodies of two men drowned in Clear Lake Sun day afternoon were found Monday forenoon after dragging operations had continued Sunday evening and from dawn Monday The sheriffs office in Mason City identified the two as Ernest Rachae1 of Port ArthurTexas or Terre Haute Ind and Clyde Southard of La Rossier Mo both formerly employed by the Garner Construction company which was doing some work near Ventura for the Northern Natural Gas company Dragging was stopped about p m Sunday but began again at a mMonday Clear Lake police said the drownings hap pened about p m Sunday The mishap occurred in the middle of the lake between Dodges point and Garner beach The men reportedly had gone jut on the lake to try out an out soard motor Dr Ralph Smiley 2erro Gordo county coroner saic the men called for help when th propeller fell off their motor Dr J R McDonald Tort Dodge who was on the lake in an inboarc motor boat beganto tow them In inThe McDonald boat They said Southard and Eachael weresittin on jail and decking near the fron of their boat When one tried tc light a cigaret the other leaned over to help boat tipped and xrth fell into the water Passengers in the McDonald aoat threw 3 life cushions to them ut the boat couldnt be turned in loans u Miami beach hotels i timeto reach them before they went under the surface Both men Cornfield Is US Population Center OIney III national census bureau pointed at farmer Carl D Snider and said he was the nations middleman Snider said Monday he wasnt so sure he liked the idea The 33yearold farmer looked over at his cornfield which Cen sus Director Roy V Peel said was the exact center of the nations population I dont want a marker over there Snider protested The census bureau after months of involved calculations decided that Sniders cornfield now was the center of population Since 1940 it had shifted from its old location two miles southeast of Carlisle Ind PROMINENT LUTHERAN DIES Chicago Rev Doctor C Michclfeldcr top adminis rator of world Lutheran affairs died Sunday and the rape of integrity acoom janied by a slight Pendergastian vink America will die within the next generation he said Phone Pickets Turn Away 2 Strike Breakers Des Moines IP A crowd esti mated at nearly 300 persons gathered around the What Cheer exchange of the Central Iowa Telephone company Sunday night as pickets turned away two ators who sought to enter the strikebound plant What Cheer in Kepkuk county is one of41 towns in Iowa and Minnesota affected by a strike of nonsupervisory entered its 4th were wearing heavy clothes and high laced boots Goodell Soldier Wounded in Action Washington UC de partment of defense Monday an nounced a Korean war casualty from North Iowa Allan M Avery son of Mrand Mrs Merle G Avery Goodell DEMO Marion CHAIRStAN DD2S frank J Me the companys employes which day Monday with no indication of a settlement Leslie L sBlackener mayor What Cheer and Raymond Mopre the local manager the Central Iowa company said there was no violerice in the disturbance Sun day night Mayor Blackener said there were close to 300 persons around the place He said these included telephone company employes who were on picketduty a group of union membersfrom Products Co plant at What Cheer and curious townsfolk Moore who has been operating the exchange with his wifes help since the strike started said the pickets turned away two opera tors from nearby Williamsburg who sought to enter the exchange to go to work Five union opera tors at What Cheer are on strike Burt Soldier Wounded in Korea Washington The defense department announced M o n da y that 5 Ipwans have been killed in action in Korea Fifteen others lave been wounded one injured pne is missing in action and one las returned to duty Those wounded in action in cluded Pfc Francis L Riebhoff Burt NAME CHEMISTRY STUDENTS Dccorah Two chemistry at Luther college have named research assistants for a special organic chemistry project being carried on by Doctor Adrian Dockcn of the chemistry department They are Bruce Me aas of Dcs Moines and Frank Shiplon ol Clcrmont Carthy 46 Tinn county demo cratic chairman early Monday vhen acjir iriiX which he was riding missed a curve and crashed off a highway two miles east of here rAll About The Weather aiason City Clear Mpnday night withlow50 to 55 Patches of fog near sunrise Tuesday fair and continued mild with high 82 lowarvPatches re forming near sunrise Tuesday over most areas Continued mostly fair and mild Monday night and Tuesday Low Mon day night 50 to 55 north 55 to 60 south High Tuesday 80 to 85 Light variable winds Tues day Further outlook Chance of a few light scatteied showers Tuesday night or early Wednes day otherwise cpntinUEfl part ly cloudy and mild Wednesday and Thursday v Minnesota Mostly fair Monday night and Tuesday Somewhat cooler except in northeast Mon day night Low Monday night 40 to 45 north 45 to 50 south Tuesday 70 to 75 north 75 to 80 south GlobeGazette weather data up Editors Send Code Protest to President San Francisco Asso ciated Press Managing Editors as sociation is carrying toPresiden Truman its protest against th new security code for civilian agencies V AJMVLE representing news papers with daily circulation o 45000000 called the presidents order a dangerous instrument o news President Truman last Tuesday ordered federal civilian agencies to withhold information on secur ity grounds1 The editors at the close of their 4day convention here Saturday unanimously denounced the exec utive order as censorship at the AJPMK instructed its new president Herbert F Corn of the Washington Star to carry its views to Mr Truman APME also called on the na tions editors to resist state anc local efforts at news suppression In a 3rd resolution the editors urged the state department to press efforts to obtain the release of AP Correspondent William N Oatis He was convicted in July of spying on red Czechoslovakia and is in jail in Prague AJPJME termed the spy charges outrageous and expressed hop that the Czechs would free Oatis before the U S government was forced to sever diplomatic rela Northwestern uni News Editors Demand Facts About Government Evanston HI group o news executives Sunday urged the American people to demand o heir public officials the right of free access to the facts about their government Meeting at versifyat a iorum on freedom of hepress more than 40 news ex ecutives urged such vigilance on he part of the public Vine editors said in a declara tion drawn up after an all day iscussion x x x The American people are ndanger of losing their rights to reedom of information by default unless they demand of their public jfficials the right of free access o the facts about their govern ment Thisis the right otthe ile which cannot be taken granted but must be fought for very The free press forum wasS n connection with the Chicago of Dr Alberto GainzafPaz ormer editor and publisher of La big Buenos Aires news iaper La Prensawas seized last by the Perpn government ifter officiaX pressure had failed o halt the newspapers objective eportingpf the Peron govern ments actions Report British to Irans Demand Expelling Workers UN Council Red Bluff Called 8th Army Prepared tor AllOut War By JOHN RANDOLPH U S 8th Army Headquarters Korea 8th army is prepared to strike and strike hard in Korea if the reds want allput war instead of truce talks That warning was issued Monday night in Tokyo by Gen Matthew B Kidg wayspublic information office It came as Gen Omar N Bradley Americas top mili tary leader and Ridgway toured command posts on the eastern front where the Unit ed Nations autumn offen sive got underway last Tuesday South Korean troops in that mountainous sector bared their aayonets Monday and drove500 to 600 reds off the 3rd crest of a ridgeline west of heartbreak ridge They wonthe other two peaks Sunday night Other South Ko reans captured a hill northwest o the punchbowl north of Yafaggu Air War Back On the other side of the war prn peninsula sunny skies arought the air war back to Ko rea Twentyseven TJ S F8f Sabre jets clashed with about 4 rednosed communist MIG15s it a series of dogfights that swirlec for 25 minutes north of Sinanju The U SSth air force said one of the Russianmade MIGs was destroyedarid 3 were damaged No allied losses were reported Of truce negotiations the Ridg way headquarters statement said the whole issue of the resumption of talks is one that cannot b hedged much longer MeaiiwhIle indications aretha the 8th army is not planning tc sit idly by while the communist string out negotiations for another long period A few days ago an autumn offensive teas started Thi 8th army commander Gen Jamei A Van Fleet said this new effort will be limited I am not at liberty to say But the fac remains that the UN command army is poised and prepared to strike and hard should the reds decide that they have had enough of the armistice talks anc vish to get on with the war on an allout scale Blnffinff Over The statement said Bradleys visit highlights the tension of the entire Korean problem The communists must realize hat the time for bluffing is OVET Bradley chairman of the U S dint chiefs of staff was accom to Korea by RidgwayVan and Charles Chip Bohlen JSi state department expert on King George Amoves TowardRecovery London George VI Parcel Post Charges Rise Washington JP Parcel post charges went up Monday The inr crease averaging about will boost the cost of mailing packages an estimated a year and help ease the postoffice def icit The rate hikes authorized by the interstate commerce commiSr sion last May after congress re iused a department request for ligherrates and told Postmaster general Donaldsonto turn to the ICC under a littleused law The local rate for a onepound parcel post package went up from 10 to 15 cents for a 70pound parcel from 64 cents to 1 onepound package in the most distant 8th zone of more than 1800 miles went up from 18 to 2 cents A 70poundrpackage in th same zona now costs S993 instea Sports Bulletin GIANTS WE 31 Brooklyn 3 Jim Heanx pitched the Xew York Giants to a 31 openingvictory over Brooklyn Monday in their best of3 playoff for the National league pennant on home runs by BoBby Thomson and Monte Irvitt A crowd of 30707 saw Andy Pafko give the their only run with a secondin ning homer Franchot Tone Fattens Up on Home Cooking Cloquet Ac or Franchot Tone wasfattening p on home cooking Monday while us new wife made plans for a ersonal appearance tour Tone hopes to accompany his ride Barbara Payton toNew York where the tour begins But he said he may have to return to j The couple married here Friday continuing his steady progress night returned Saturday after oward recovery from a lung op eration his doctors reportedMon i v Thejmorning 2th since all or part of one of the to S a m Monday Maximum Minimum At 8 a m YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 78 55 60 Photographers Ask Measure to Guard Cameramen Des Moines Iowa Pressj hotographers association is go ng to ask the 1953 legislature to ass a bill rgivinglegal protection1 to news cameramen while on signment Plans tp promote1 passager such a measure were outlined at a meeting of the association Sun day Similarlegislation nowjisin effect in New York New Jersey and Pennsylvaniat x The members approved a morial plaque forDon Christian who was killed in action In Korea Sept 12 Chris tiansen was a photographerfor the Herald and a char ter member oLthe Iowa associa tion Charles the Mason City GlobeGazette described a projected series of Iowa photo clinics to be held at different points in Iowa Plans alsowere made Miss Flash TBulb queen of the kings lungsj was cutout 8 days i has beenfurther im provement in the icings condition during the pest 24 hours Takes Over Oil Dispute English Plan Evacuation New York An Iranian spokesman said Monday Iran would ask the United Nations security council for postponement of debate on the BritishIranian oil dispute By FEANCIS W CARPENTER New York 50 The United Nations plunged into v the bitter BritishIranian oil dispute Mon day with Britain apparently bow ing in advance to Irans order ex pelling Britons from the great Ab adan refinery area A London announcement said Britain plans to evacuate all her oil men from Abadan by Thurs day the deadline set by Ithe na tionalist Iranian Aba daa dispatches said most of tha oil men would leave by warship for Basra Iraq Wednesday and the remaining few officials would go to Basra Iran made it clear she was in sisting upon the expulsion in spite of the pending British complaint before the security council Deputy Premier Hossein Fatemi said jSiTehran that the security councSnad no power torecom mend that Iran lift the expulsion order Previously Hussein Makfci of the Iranian national the insisted on staying at the refinery they would be off by police with the greatest respectand kindness WanisJustice U S Delegate Ernest A Gross outlined American policy as based on the hope that an agree ment can be readied parties which will do justice to both In a the eve of the irgently convened session at Hushing Meadow New he added Our effort uf the OTTwuTba directed toward this objective He issued this statement after several hours of talks with members and with others including William M Rouniree director of the state departments ffice of GreekTurMshIranian Eountree came from Washington for thecouncil session While calm words were being spoken here Irans Premier1 Mo anrmed Mossadegh attacked rulers of the he said tiandcuff the weak and hasten to ie assistance of the strong They oye liberty but not for others TTiey recognizeproperty rights but only in order to usurp the rights f the weak I Solid front Opposition deputies irr Tehran ho have been boycotting sessions spending their wedding night at Duluth hotel They refused to answer the phone and told newspapermen they wanted to be alone However Tone said he was cooking Barbara isagobd cookand can fix up almost he said extremist joined forces with him in a patriotic front They said they actednot cause they had changed their po 63 ipwa association to the 1952 GlobeGazette weather data to 8 a m Sunday looking forward to some home Iranian unity musrbe preserved whenever there is a dis pute between our country and a foreign country Mossadegh did not mention fly ing to New York to argue Irans case but his deputy said he would if thecouncil declares it has the power to judge the case Sir Gladwyn Jebb British chief delegate flew from London Sun day toask the council to back a ruBng by the international court justice1 inthe oil case andt to call on Iran to hold up the oHer expelling from the great Abadan oilbase He told reporters he expected Russiansto veto any lutiou crer OFFICIAL DIES L Horn er 74 who served 25 years as city clerk here until his resigna tion 3 years ago because of ill jhealtfi diecf at a hospital Sunday 1 irning Maximum Minimum At 8 a m High Sunday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 55 44 55 78 67 61 N J DE GASPERIS HOME Rome JGasperi nnd li Rome Sunday from lAtnerican trip i Alcids De their Nortli THE DEWEYS AND THE nual governors conference got underway in Gatlinburj Tenn Sunday the Deweys and the Warrens sat down fr a buffet upper tosether Sunday night Left to right AVarren of California Virginia Warren Mrs I Warren Gov Tom Dewey of New York and Sirs Dewey SAME ;