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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 1, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XUX ASSOCIATED PiltSS U5ASED WIRW MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY OCTOBER 1 1943 NEW BURMA ROAD Chinese troops who escaped to India when the Japanese overran Burma work above on a new Burma road which they hope will be linked with the old one to get supplies into China The soldiers are pictured shoring up a river bank in the jungles near Assam India on the route of the hew supply line Savage Running Battle With Subs Described by Survivors NO 306 ALLIES TAKE NAPLES TO OUR READERS WITH OCT 1 the effective date lor a new fed erally imposed reduction in the ration ol newsprint paper the GlobeGazette and all other newspapers are confronted with the necessity ol putting their limited supply of paper to the best possible use Up to this time in 1943 the ration reduction has been 15 per cent as compared with the corre sponding months of 1941 No pronounced change in the general makeup or content ol the Globe Gazette has been necessary Such spacesaving steps as have been taken have been of a nature not unpleasantly apparent to readers generally So now with the ration reduction for news print moved up another 5 per 20 per about all the hidden devices known to us for saving space have been utilized Moreover there is a serious probability that another 10 per cent it 30 per will be ordered after Jan 1 From this point on methods employed to meet the paper shortage problem are not going to be ol the painless variety It just isnt in the cards We bring this information to the attention oC readers in as straightforward a manner as we can for the reason that we shall want and need your full understanding and cooperatiou in the problem that confronts us in our endeavor to give you the best possible newspaper under the circumstances We are not complaining We are accepting it as a small news papers and by newspaper readers to the winning of the war We expect it to be accepted in that spirit by other newspapers and by newspaper readers Our objective in the face ol the paper reduc tion now in effect will be to make the best possi ble use of the limited space available We must proceed on the premise that the primary function of a NEWSpaper is to print NEWS This is another way of saying that such cur tailments as are effected at this time will be from our offering of FEATURES as distinguished from NEWS For example beginning with this issue we are eliminating the crossword puzzle and 2 panel cartoons from our comics page When the present serial story is concluded it is not to be replaced by another This decision has not been lightly considered wed like crossword puzzle and serial story fans to know Throughout the paper there will be an en deavor to bring about such mechanical savings of space as seem practicable Head sizes will be reduced banner lines on inside pages will be cut down and ultimately perhaps eliminated Here and There news items will be set in one size smaller type These are just a few of the paper saving devices that may suggest themselves later The result may well be a newspaper not as pleasing to the eye as the GlobeGazette to which our readers are accustomed And nobody will be more keenly aware of that fact than those whose business it is to build our newspaper from dav to clay But were confronted with a condition not a theory It is our hope that by meeting our problem with judgment and intelligence it will not be necessary now or later to reduce our subscription list or place limitations on advertising These things however are possibilities and we may just as well be forthright Our problem as publisher of the GlobeGazette is YOUR problem as a reader Thats why we are laying the cards on the table face up In the knowledge that the course being pursued by us is born of war conditions rather than from any desire on our part we are quite sure that YOU will accord us a sympathetic understanding as we deal with the problem to the best of our ability F R Names Harriman to Be U S Ambassador to Russia Will Take Over Moscow Post at Time When 3 Powers Plan Sessions BANDCCOUPON VALUES CUT IN MIDWEST AREA Rationing Revised to Give A Card Motorists in East More Fuel Washington broad re of rationing described as necessary to spread the gasoline supply more equitably Friday gave Acard motorists in the east more fuel by cutting down the amounts allowed drivers with the supplemental B and C cards The shakeup in ration card effective last midnight ap plies everywhere east of the Rocky mountains The office of urice adminis tration increased the ration of east coast A card holders from to 2 gallons weekly B and C coupons were reduced to Z gallons everywhere except in the Rockies and on the Pacific Battle for Kiev Rages Several Merchant Ships Torpedoed Canadian5 Destroyer Is Sunk A savage running battle fought n heavy seas on the outer rim of ic Arctic circle in which several llied merchant vessels were tor IcCook was sent to the bottom as described Friday by surviving The battle was the one men oned by Prime Minister Winston hurchill in the British house of immons on Sept 21 as being lined at that time The St Croix 1 of the de stroyers exchanged by the United States for air and naval aas sites on British territory wns unk by a torpedo with the loss f all but I of her complement f 147 At least 1 attacking submarine as destroyed the survivors said hen it was caught in the beam of searchlight and blasted out of ie water by gunfire from an cs rting warship Survivors of 2 American and 1 i orwegian cargo ships told of the battle one of the fiercest of the war They told of ships breaking in half as torpedoes ripped into their hulls of injured and dying men struggling for hours in icy rilcovered water of exploding depth charges and of a oncesleek oeslroyer floundering in death throes William V Duffy of Chicago 1 of 4 saved from an engine room crew ot 14 aboard a United States ship said his vessel broke in 2 within a minute of being struck amidships by a torpedo I was awakened by the sounding of a general alarm Duffy said and was just reach ing for my clothes when the explosion threw me on the deck and sent banks and gear flying in all directions Duffy said he grabbed a life clf ran aft threw rafts over oard and jumped after them When I came to the surface lain1 Duffy continued the s ter part of the ship was gone I had broken off from the for ward end and had sunk almost immediately Duffy spent 3 hours in freez ing water before being picked up by a British rescue ship He helped a shipmate get out of the water but the latter died later I think it was shock and ex hnustion Duffy said He ip Mared all right when we got him en board but suddenly he just died Jack Kirshbaum an Ameri at with a southern accent was at the wheel when the tor pedo struck The explosion he threw him against the oof of the wheelhoose When iie jumped overboard he was against the forward part the ship which remained Ik float for honrs bat he man IBed to swim away from it and Tis picked up crew came from all over United States Some spoke accents others with southern drawls The youngest was Paul Stef foil of Kentucky 17 year old missboy The cveSv another American captain a strapping sixfooter Because their ship sank slowly and they were removed directly The only known Negro cap tain in the merchant marine is Captain Hugh Nulzac 57 of Brooklyn who assumed command of the liberty ship Booker T Washington in September 1942 New Type of Nazi Torpedo Is Used An Eastern Canadian Port JP submarines have re turned to the battle of the Atlantic with a new type of deadly and more than 100 survivors of sunken allied merchant vessels who were landed here earlier this week They were victims of the 1st big nazi Uboat attack reported in north Atlantic waters for near ly 4 months Included were Ameri can British and Norwegian sea men and a lone 18 year old Negro girl whom a boatswain also a Negro had hoped to smuggle into the United States The seamen told of stabbing at tacks by nazi wolf packs and of a pitched battle between the undersea raiders and allied naval and air units that continued for 3 days This was the same battle in which the Canadian destroyer SI Croix was lost with 146 of her 147man crew and probablv the one in which the Uboats surfaced to slug it out with longrange Canadian liberator bombers The survivors included about 40 from an American ship They did not know the total losses of the convoy and escorts but they knew 4 ships of their convoy were sunk and at least 1 of a slow con voy preceding theirs They saw the St Croix her vitals torn by a torpedo split in a sudden blinding explosion and carry to the bottom her crew and the survivors of other vessels she was picking up when it Oregon Reaches Bond Quota Rescue 7 on Raft Portland Ore has filled its war bond quota and the state s 7 men on a raft earned the reward Friday of a square meal about an inch square Doctors de nied them anything more sub stantial after their 13 gruelling days aboard a navy raft in Port land s harbor Pledged to stick it out until the state filled its quota they were lifted from the river Thursday night as Oregon reached its goal When buying a pack of cigarets contribute 5c to Cigarels for Servicemen to buy pack for a in service HUGE RED NAZI Fight Fiercely for Dnieper Line Mastery London battle of Kiev expected here to be one of the de cisive struggles of the war raged with unabated fury Friday with both Russians and Germans throwing tremendous forces of ar tillery infantry and air power into the fight to achieve mastery of the Dnieper line The Germans were entrenched in the ancient cityfortress high on the western cliffs of the Dnieper river while the pick of the Russian Ukrainian armies faced them across the 109yard water barrier that separates Kiev from its eastern bank suburbs already in soviet hands In the battle may rest the fate of the German armies in the great Dnieper bend south of Kiev and in the Crimea as well as control of the Black Sea The German communique in dicating that the Russians were attacking with unusual vigor to the south the Dnieper bend said soviet assaults were made with the strongest infantry and tank forces Although the communique said full success was gained by the Germans in defending their line there and that 140 out of 250 soviet tanks were destroyed a Berlin broadcast said the grral battle which has been raging for the past 5 days in the ZaporozheMelilopol region has now attained its cutminalinc point Military quarters here decline to draw more sweeping conclu sions regarding the eventual in tention of the German high com mand to stabilize the existing po sition the broadcast added The Berlin radio said the Rus sians had been able to establish very few bridgeheads on the western bank of the Dnieper and the communique added that em bittered fighting was taking place around these lodgements On the White Russian front to the north a Russian communi que said red army troops stormed into Krichev strategic rail junc tion 57 miles cast of the Dnieper on the road to Mogilev and Minsk Other columns the bulletin de clared captured Bayevo and Leb edevo east and southeast of Orsha another rail center while in a continuation of their drive on Zhlobin 3rd important trans portation hub in this area soviet spearheads overwhelmed the towns of Svetilovichi Staiki and Ivanovka FOR HEIFER Rapids Pear son of Milton paid the top price of S3650 for a purebred yearling heifer consigned by Johnson Bros of Ida Grove to the state Angus sale here Cerro Gordo County Hits 91 Per CentMarkin m n Weather Report FORECAST Mason Citv Cooler Friday after noon and Friday night Contin ued cool Saturday forenoon Iowa Cooler Friday night light scattered frosts north central portion winds becoming light Friday night rising tempera ture by Saturday noon Minnesota Continued cold in north and central and slightly colder in extreme south por tion Friday night Rising tem perature Saturday forenoon Light to heavy frost Friday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 68 Minimum Thursday night 51 At 8 a m Friday 51 Hain 30 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 77 Minimum 54 Perry H S Windows Are Whitewashed Perry Windows of the Perry high school were white washed Friday a truck standing near the building was painted and a goal post on the football field was torn down Chief of Police Lev Stanley said the acts were committed by a group of former students of the Boorve high school and that war rants would be sworn out against them The warrants probably will charge malicious mischief the chief added The vandalism was committed about 10 oclock and Chief Stan ley said the youths who came here in 2 or 3 automobiles got out of town before they could be apprehended He said the youths no longer attended Boone school Action probably will be taken later Friday to apprehend the youths at Boone the officer said Boone and Perry high school football teams play Friday night at Boone and the vandalism was believed to be the result of school rivalry according to the chief More Must Be Reached by Saturday Night Says Eighmey Its easier to dig for a bond than to dig a foxhole declared F C Eighmey Cerro Gordo county finance committee chair man in announcing that Saturday is to be Sacrifice day bringing the 3rd war loan drive to a close Dig a little deeper and buy an extra war bond or more parti cularly if you have not yet done your assigned share durinj September he urged Cerro Gordo county has bought 52391295 worth of war bonds or 91 per cent of its quota for tile 3rd war loan drive Mr reported The remain ing 5246705 must be made be fore Saturday midnight he warned if the boys at home are to keep step with the boys fight ing in General Mark Clarks 5th army in Italy Those boys are pouring their bullets and their blood into the battle aaginst the nazis he poited out Certainly we should be willing to lay away a little extra in war bonds Thats not much of a sacrifice to ask Bond buyers also ivill get a ticket for each S25 bond bought which will entitle them to in spect the interior of he 2man Jap suicide snb captured at Pearl Harbor which is to be in Mason Citv Oct 11 he added There is alimit of 6 tickets to a person however Purchase of worth of additional bonds by the lows Hardware Mutual Insurance com pany bringing their total to S255 500 also was announced Friday as well as a SIOOOO purchase by the Chicago Great Western raii road DIES IS PRISON CAMP Red Oak Pic Dean Hal bert 22 of Red Oak died Aug 28 in a German prison camp the war department has disclosed Hal bert who was among 45 members ot the former Red Oak National Guard company captured last February in Tunisia was the 3rd in the company to die Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GIobeGazetti carrier boy YOU CAN CHARGE THAT BUT PAY YOUR PAPERBOY TOMORROW HE STANDS coast OPA said Thursday night the B and C reductions would accom plish virtual equalization of ra tions through an area where sup plies are short and simultaneous ly align gasoline consumption wiih amounts available Chairman Lea DCal of the house interstate committee indi Washington ORI President Roosevelt Friday nominated W Averell Harriman wealthy head of one of the nations mostpromi nent railroad families to be am bassador to the soviet union suc ceeding Admiral William 11 Standley resigned Harriman who will be 52 on Nov 15 will take over the Mos cow post at a historically momen tous time when the foreign min isters of Great Britain Russia and the United States are pre paring to confer on problems ot great military and political im portance to the world There appeared to be no doubt that the senate would approve the ambassadornominee Harriman who at 23 was presi dent of the Union Pacific rnilroacl and is now executive or director of a score ot railway steel and investment corporations has served this administration since the NRA days Since February 19U he has been t special liaison officer for the president with the rank ot minister and serving without pay As lendlease expediter in Lon don he has worked hard and effi ciently to speed the flow of war materials from this country to its allies abroad lie has traveled much and has conferred with sov iet Premier Josef Stalin in Mos cow Ever since Standkys return for consultations 10 days ago Harri mans name was the one most frequently mentioned as the 70 yearold premiers probable suc cessor GERMANS FLEE NORTH OUT OF WRECKED CITY Nazi Defenders Thrown Back on Defenses of Rome 120 Miles North cated that the nevy would Staledepartment observers be have eitect on a proposed vill accornpuny vestigation of gasoline rationing Secretary ot State Cordell Hull to and distribution Our chief aim he said will be to clarify the supply situation learn whether existing restrictions are justified and see what is be ing done to increase production of fuel Hearings at which government officials and industry representa tives will testify start in about 2 weeks Lea said The B and C value changes which OPA said were made to provide Ihe increase for east coast A card holders mean that in the midwest southwest and southeast supplementary ra tions arc cut from 3 to 2 sal Inns In the northeastern states the reduction is from Z Callous OPA said civilian consumption in the midwest southwest had been running about 75000 banels a day over allotments Under these circumstances OPA said there was no option but to cut civilians further It is imperative that all water be squeezed out of supplemental ra tions OPA pledged however that supplementary rations would be granted in cases of grave hard ship OPA stipulated thul in the mid west and southwest I gallon of the 3 allowed A card holders must be used for occupational driving before the motorist is eligible for supplementary rations East coast drivers were not bound by this regulation the foreign ministers conference expected to be held next montl in either Moscow or London By NOLAND JiORGAAKD Allied Headquarters in W AVERELL HARRIMAN SWISS DOWN FLYING FORT U S Bombers Nazis Fight Over Switzerland Bern JPi Swiss antiaircraft fire definitely downed 1 American flying fortress when a group of fortresses fought a battle with German fighter planes over Swiss territory at midday Friday a Swiss army communique an nounced The communique said bombs were dropped in various parts of eastern Switzerland Crashes also took place in thee areas as the result of an aerial battle between American fortress es and German fighter pianos the communique said Reports so far show only material damage was caused by the bombs Air alarms were sounded in a number of Swiss localities Nazis Got Little in Conquered Areas London UR Russia has in flicted a major economic disaster upon Adolf Hitler by winning j back just as lie was beginning to make them py the vast soviet resources upon which he had counted to beat the allied block ade British economic experts said Friday North Africa U Gen Mark W Clarks American 5th army Friday captured Naples Italys 3rd greatest city and threw the German defenders hack upon the de fenses of Rome which is 120 airli7ie miles to the north The American nnu British forces which clattered into Naples found the city of 925000 empty ot Germans who for a week had en gaged in an orgy of destruction and terrorism designed to burn and tear down every installation that would be of benefit to allied forces and to hamper Italian co operation with the liberating armies The special allied headquar ters communique announcing the fall of Naples did not give the time atwhich allied troops seized the greatest city and port they have won on the continent of Europe Troops of the 5th army have entered Naples and the city is re ported clear of Germans said the 2line statement The entry into Naples the greatest victory yet won by the allies in their 1913 offensive to tnitsh KitcV Tortress accomplished by smashing along the rim of against grim resistance of German rear guards who paid a high price to giin a few extra hours lor their commajders to make arrange ments for a Sine of defense farther north Although German convoys were reported streaming back toward Rome the Volturno riv er some 20 miles north of Na ples still was considered the most likely line of the next major fightiiur But even before the Volturno is reached a military spokesman pointed out the 5th army is like ly to run into the same kind of difficulty it encountered north of Salerno when strongly defended mountain passes had to be cleared foot by foot The possession of Naples was a great prize for the allies how ever who may now pour in through the port a great army with its supplies for the task open ing ahead In prewar days Naples ranked as Italys greatest port next to Genoa as well as a great manu facturing city Its extensive docks and water front oresumably will be of sreat aid to Gen IKvixht D Els enhowers quartermasters as soon as divers and engineers have cleared the clogged har bor and ship berths straight ened out the tangled communi cation lines and moved the debris from the streets Naples was the primary objec tive uf General Eisenhower when the 5th army was landed on the beaches of Salerno Sept 9 be cause it was necessary to obtain IOWA PILOT RESCUED Allied Headquarters In North Africa H D Crawford 2321 East Sohvay Sioux City Iowa a P40 pilot was picked up froni a dinghy off Cape Bohn Tu nisia Thursday by a highspeed launch of the airsea rescue serv ice it was announced Friday FIFTH ARMY CAPTURES NAPLESBlack arrows indi cate American oth army drives that cracked German mountain defenses before Naples in the area northwest baierno Capture of Castellammare Saia and Nocera was announced and allied forces moved into the coastal plains after the breakthrough at these points Germans may in tend to fall back to a line along the Volturno river broken arrow north of Naples ;