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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 30, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AHO ARCHIVE ie G MOINES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGH IORS VOL I Press and United Press Full Leased Wires I five Cents a Copy I MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY NOVEMBER 30 1943 This Paper Consists of Two On NO ALLIED FORCES HEARING BONGA IN NEW GUINEA Tanks Crunch Through Jungle After Taking Jap Post at Sattelberg Southwest Pacific Allied Head quartets Austral ian troops their conquest of Sat tclbcrg behind them arc closing in on Eonga another Japanese outpost in the New Guinea jungle Tanks crunched through the tangled undergrowth in support of the troops as the attack started while Billy Mitchell bombsrs stashed enemy positions with ma chinceun fire Gen Douglas MacArthurb headquarters announced the as sault began last Saturday B Sunday afternoon the Australians were within a mile of their objec tive The distance sained was no given Bonga lies northeast of Snltel beig which fell lo the allies NQV 26 A spokesman said its caplur was necessary to iron out a bulg in allied lines A strong force of liberators dumped 94 Ions of bombs on Wc Japanese stronghold ojj the northeast coast of New Guinea There was no interception This puzzled air force officers because at last reports the enemy had more than 50 fighters in the We wak area Some expressed the opinion lack resistance was due to increased respect for the fire power of a large number of heavy bombers flying in close formation In the Solomons fijfhters and bomtiers ot the 13th airforcc con tinued the heavy offensive against Uouffainvillc Here loo the Japa nese failed to offer any fishier resistance Nearly JOO dauntless and aveng er bombers attacked enemy in stallations on the south shore of Empress Augusta Bay site of al lied landings on Boungainville An ammunition dump was hit and at least 30 buildings destroyed A spokesman at Adm William F Halseys South Pacilic head quarters iaitl troops on Bougain ville were consolidating their lines and burying Japanese dead Few ir any oT the Japanese remainingon Choseul island he said had been able to escape to Bougainville because of the close air patrol by allied fly ers Attacks on enemy shipping con tinued Liberator bombers at tacked 2 destroyers and a freighter off the north coast TJew Brit ain damaging 1 ot the warships Other bombers and fighters strafed and sank barges along the coasts ol Bougainville and New Guinea 1 U S Bombers Again Attack Nazi Targets JT GEN ALEXANDER A VANDERCJR1FT CHARGE NAZIS VANDEGR1FT IS MARINE CHIEF RAF Raids on Berlin Smashed 10 Embassies or Legations Last Week London embassies 01 legations were destroyed or dam aged in RAP raids on Berlin las week on the basis of Germai broadcasts and announcements bj interested governments The buildings were located foi the most part between the centei of the city and the west end Thosi reported flattened burned out o badly damaged were United States embassy Britisl embassy Argentine embassy Ein legation Finnish legation FrencV embassy Portuguese legation Swedish legation Swiss legation and Turkish embassy ENSLAVED GIRLS Booklet Is Issued by laterAllied Group London of Ccr imoecupicd c o u n t r i e s are worse than by icir German conquerors the in information committee aid Tuesday in a 20 paye booklei hich asserted that hundreds of had been made lo crve in nazi military brothels The booklet Under said the Germans had eizod the prettiest ijirls in many olish towns under the pretext hat we need Polish women for factories Six months later many ot these girls having ottt ived their usefulness in broth ls returned home wasted preg lant and diseased the painphlct Declared Nazis recruiting girls in Lux embourg were told by Gauleiter Justav Simon that Luxembourg be abfc to go to Ger Tiany to work 6 months Cor the uehrer and will be proud to re urn as German mothers the booklet added The German government urged occupation troops in the Netbcr ands to force their attentions on iris and promised to pay the ex penses any illegitimate chil dren said the pamphlet which based its findings on official Ger man announcements eyewitness accounts and information received from refugee governments Italian occupation troops reece were said to have taken advantage of starvation in the country with some ol them even attempting to seduce 13 year olc girls by offering them loaves 01 bread The nazis there were more systematic the booklet said quot ing them as ordering the mayor of Piraeus to establish a brothel for the troops and to fill it with girls of good standing Chinese women have spared no degradation at the hands of Japanese invaders In one part of occupied China an in stance occurred of the Japanese stripping Chinese women and set ting army clogs to tear at their naked flesh the booklet de clared Named Successor to Holcomb 64 Retiring Washington WLt Gen Al exander A Vanderyrift Tuesday was appointed commandant of the marine corps effective Jan J in succession to Lt Gen Thomas retiring because of agc Announcement of Hie appoint ment was made by Secretary of the navy Knox at a marine corps tiviarieTs press conference at tended by Holcomb and Vande tift Holcomb reached the normal retirement ajic ot tH last Auyusl u t President Roosevelt re quested that he remain in his present post until the end of this year Vanuegrift al 5f is a veteran of 34 years of service iu Ihe ma rines He was in the southwest Pa cilic lighting al the time Ihe pres ident decided torappoiivtbin commandant He started bacl home but upon reaching Hono lulu was ordered to no back to the Bougainville area lo command the landing operations there This it was explained Tuesday was made necessary because of the ac cidental death of Maj Gen Charles Barrett who originally had been assigned to command the marine landing operation U was Vandegrift who led the marines ashore in the first big land offensive of the Pacific at Guadal canal a year ago last summer London heavy lombcrs attacked targets in Ger nany for the 2nd straight day Tuesday after British light mos luilocs had struck by night at he reich Some 24 hours after bombing firemen Germanys 2nd port 4 motored planes of the United Stales 8th air force returned lo the reich to attack targets in western Germany whicli were not identi fied immediately Coastal observers in southeast England saw al 45minute pro cession of heavy bombers stream toward the continent and 2 hours later biu aerial forces roared over London The mosquito attack on western Germany a short time earlier also was the second in as many nights Intruder aircraft rounded out the nights offensive with attacks on German airfields in France and Holland Ihe air ministry an nounced All planes returned safe ly The Knyil Air Forces 4cn siued bombers remained grounded presumably because of weather the 3rd straight night but ravelers reachine Sweden said ome fires still were burning Berlin Monday from Ihe record day 7000loj assault on the apital that ended Friday night The travelers reported that com uumcations and utilities vere being restored in Berlin An lallcr station was said to have cen reopened Oilier reports reaching Sweclei said German authorities were at emptins to evacuate thousands o Bcrlincrs in an effort lo clear the city of all nonessential residents especially women and children A Bern dispatch said the naz ence Europe press warned tha jermnuy was about to unleash new secret weapon asainst Britain in a longdelayed rcpvisal for tlie allied air offensive The new weapon will render total war more total1 the agency said in an attempt to appear mys terious Germany can use it but Britain cannot as it could not reach German territorj Swiss sources guessed that the weapon was some sort of a long range coastal ejuu hat could fire across the English channel from the French coast Strong formations of 8th U S air force flying fortresses fighting theig walkthrough clown to SB below zcru and the severest icing conditions they ever lave encountered bombed Brc in daylight Monday for tlic 2nd time in 4 days and the 3rd time this month The fortresses shot down 20 enemy fighters nnrt escorUn thunderbolts and lightnings de stroyed 15 others Thirteen fort resses were lost The exact Ameri can fighter casualties on the Bre men attack were not announced but 18 fighters were lost in all allied operations Monday ON IN 6 AREAS OF LONG FRONT 8th Army Gains 4 Miles to Smash Winter Defense Line Greatest Progress Is Made in Zhlobin Sector Northwest of Gomel By IIENRV U CASSIDY Moscow IA Kusfian armies steadily westward oil 0 sec ors of the Ions front 3 in white Russia and i in the battering their vay through forests swamps and plains densely spotted with heav ly fortified German defense vorks Greatest progress was reported n the Zhlobin sector northwest of Gomel where Gen Con stantine Rofcossovskys troops ivere conversing in a pincers movement on that rail hub anil fortress the i o m e 1 escape sap A Russian comnuuikiue said that red army spearheads hat ciiplurcd Stryeshin 12 miles south Believe Nazi Leaders Launch Propaganda Drive to Offset News From Big 3 Parley BULLETIN New York the British news agency Tuesday re ceived a dispatch datelined Lisbon which said is known here def initely lhat President Roosevelt Prime Minister Churchill and Presi dent Chiang KaiShek have completed a lonjf conference in Cairo and are enroute to Iran Persia to meet Premier Stalin An Associated Press dispatch from London said this Reuters dis patch was not distributed by Keuter in Britain However it was transmitted through Ixmdon and reached New York by normal radio transmission By JOHN M HIGHTOWER Washington of Gorman peace overtures was viewed here Tuesday as indications that nai leaders have launched a propa ganda offensive to counter the expected news from a conference of President Roosevelt BRITISH FORCE CLAWS UP HIGH SANGRO RIDGE Capture Numerous Nazi Prisoners Described as Bomb Happy By NOLAN Minister Cluuclyill and Marshal Sentenced to Hang for Slaying English Woman London U S array court martial has sentenced Pvl John U Waters 38 Chicago Heights 111 to hang for the mur der of Doris Staples at Hcnicyon been i Tnamcs Oxfordshire July U Eu opcan theater of operations head quarters announced Wednesday McCarthy Signs 3 Year Contract for Yankees SPOUTS BULLETIN UR Manager Joe McCarthy announced Wednesday that he had signed a new 3year contract to lead the New York Yankees McCarthy who came to the Yankees in 1931 has led them to 8 American league pennants and 7 world championships in those IS years FINED BY OPA DCS Moines judgment for S10000 was piid in federal district court Monday by Ed Gret tenberg elevator opcra i tor in connection with an office of price administration OPA charge lhat he violated corn price ceiling regulations Report 25000 Are Evacuated From SoHa Stockholm B u d a pest dispatch said Tuesday that 25000 persons have been evacu ated from Sofia and that other thousands arc moving out as last as possible to escape expected new allied bombings Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Tuesday night lowesl lenrtpernture in Mason City 24 Wednesday iticrcasin cloudiness colder Wednesday night cloudy and colder Thurs dry Iowa Fair Tuesday night in creasing cloudiness Wednesday becoming cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday no precipi tation of consequence little temperature change until cold er late Wednesday night and Thvirsday Minnesota Fair Tuesday night cloudy Wednesday with oc casional light snow north por tion slightly colder south por tion Tuesday night Little change in temperature Wednes day IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 30 Minimum Monday nighl 23 At 8 a m Tuesday 23 YEAR AGO Maximum 20 Minimum 12 Precipitation 06 Snowfall 12 inches 5i inches snow on ground SVCCESSOU IS 85 Ainsty England Henry Hopkins 82 retired from he bench because he said he felt he was too old Local magistrates unanimously elected as his suc cessor W II Shaw 85 Returns to Jail With Complaint He Had Been Released by Error Los Annies or ders arrived at the county jail foi 1 of 1 men named Roberto Mor ales One is 20 the other 17 Tailors after turning out Jhi elder discovered their error anc had to release the younger A few hours later the eiilcr Morales came back Whats wrong1 lie asked When I got home I ashed every body who bailed me out They all said not Yon guys made a mistake of Zhlobin and had seized SO vil lages in a smashing drive from the wcsl toward that strategic enemy base A Reuters dispatch from Mos cow lo London said thai another soviet cohimn hud plunged further west lo a point LS miles south of Bobruisk 3f miles northwest nf Zhlobin on the GomelMinsk rail Other advances were recorded in the Berezina and Pripct river valleys uesi of Ihe Dnieper river the bulletin said Eijht hundred Germans weve reported killed as Ilje Russians surged forward in this area slab closer to the enemy supply ystem while tlie nnxis steadily toward the old Polish order More Hum 200 miles to the outh in the great bend of the Dnieper another Russian army aunchcd a renewed drive on the vest bank of the river between iev and Kremenchus The charge drove the Germans ck 8 west nf Chcrfcasy 1500 fell before the rctt army the communique an lounced and soviet t r n o p s stormed into RusskayaPolyuna and 4 other towns includingDu beyevkiv neivr therail junction of Smela Olher soviet columns were on the move southwest of Dnepro petrovsk nml below Krcincnchug inflicting severe manpower losses on the enemy and capturing much valuable war material Red army airmen shot clown 34 German planes and bombed concentrations of troops anil trains nt Apostolova the communique said In the bitterly contested Kiev bulge Gen Nikolai TBVUtins 1st Ukrainian army hurled hack heavy new German attacks north and east of Zhitomir in the Chcrnyakhov and Brtisilov areas The soviet communique reported DOB uazis killed and 5G tanks de stroyed The soviet radio was quoted in a London broadcast as saying that 8 German armored divisions al ready have been decimated in fu tile nari counterattacks between Zhitomir and Koroston includ ing divisions from Italy Greece and Norway and the crack Adolf Hitler SS Elite Stalin which probably f This incelin also involves discussions with Generalissimo ChioiiR Kni Shek tnuy be current now at least Washington and London after days of tentative guessing now take it for granted that if it lias not already been held it must be at hand The agreements which may be announced by tlie higr 3 of the European war must be of utmost concern to the nazis because of heir effect on the next crucial months of tlie conflict During ihose months Germany ivhile de void of all hope of victory may still try for a peace short of un conditional surrender In the meantime as some ob servers here see the situation the irMis can be expected to use all the wiles of their propaganda ma chine to stave off utter defeat and to create as much confusion as possible in allied ranks Secretary of Slate Hull put the peace talk in this category Monday by sayin it is intended to cause overconfi dence in the allied camp and tluis impair the war crfott Othcrs seeking an explanation of the timing of the latest wave of rumors from such neutral sources is Bern and Stockholm linked alliedpav oy They argued that if the Germans oiild sret the allied peoples to tiopinff scrioiislj lor peace rather han concentrating on complete victory they mieht expect to off et somewhat the results of the conference One of the most talked of sub jects on which sonic announce ment may be made is just what unconditional surrender would mean not only to the people of but also lo the popula tions of axisdominated countries such as those in the Balkans Some political experts Iccl that a timely appeal to the clominalcd peoples now that tlie Russian armies ave appyoaching so close to bring BOO miles and enable allied bomb ers to mount an avuumilbeclock aerial offensive against Japan lie Allied Algiers The British 8th army has crackedthe main winlctdefense line of Hie Germans on the Adri atic end of tlif Italian front by driving 4 miles forward from the Saugro river allied headquarters announced Tuesday In hours of continuous day Britain and lie United States presumably have avoided pressing land night figlilinr Gen Sir Ber Stalin for any promises so Ion nan 1 Montgomerys forces cap as the war remained I turcd portions nf the vital Saticro critical but with the campaign reaching a climax unofficial ob servers believed the time has for and Churchill to seek some sort of assurance of eventual soviet help in the far east Stalins reaction to such a rft ijucst is problematical but il was presumed he would at least want s t r o 11 K assurances that soviet orces because of their probable shaustinn need not participate i flic fight 1 Rains t aim or help off lapanese icks Stalins aUiimlc presumably IKO would lie governed constdcr bly by the extent to which he eels Russia has been obligated by assislanace in the war JAP FORCES ENTER CHANGTEH Smash Into City as Fights Rage in Streets New York forces nucleia cover of artillery fire and aerial bombardment have broken into the Hunan city of Changteli the Chinese communique as broad cast by the Chungking radio said Tuesday The communique said the enemy entered the city Monday afternoon through the cast and north gates but the Chinese garrison was con tinuing to resist the invaders in slrect fighting which produced hijrh casualties on both sides The Chinese hijUi command however said fresh Chinese troops were rapidly closing in on the Japanese in llial area vital to the defense of Chinas rice howl WARS BRIGHTER SIDE IN American soldiers dance with Red Cross workers duringa little time out from war in Italy At left arc Pvt Clyde Burgess ant Lois Berney home towns not jriven At right arc Mary Ross Molten of Iowa and Pvl William Madeira of JRayland Ohio Report Grapefruit Juice to Be Placed on Ration Free List Washington UPt Point free grapefruit juice was reporter Tuesday among December ration changes to be announced late this week by the office of price ad ministration Substantially reduced ration point values for pork and beans also was forecast along with the tion in meat point values The current grapefruit crop is estimated to be above the average for recent years and governmen and military requirements have dropped thus making more avail able for civilians i their borders might help about their surrender Similarly it has been suggested in dispatches from London that an allied statement lo the German people backed by Roosevelt Churchill and Stalin might hasten the internal collapse of Ihe reich especially since it would imple ment the forceful argument now being carried lo Berlin by allied bombers Ttidsed by various allied com mitments for the punishment of those responsible for the war Germanys nazi leaders can expect no mercy for themselves Their sole aim now therefore must he to keep the war coins as as possible hoping for an nnpredic ahle lireak in their favor or some jieans of savins their oivn necks K is this fact that makes peace umors sound like pure propa ganda rather than indications of possibilities American au horities say 1hc navis slill control iJcrmany and until thai control can be wrested from their an army or popular other group inside Germany can ffev any peace proposals ncccp lable to the allies May Ask Stalin for Siberia liases By NO UUSSELI London observers Tuesday lhit President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill may ask Premier Stnlin at their prospective conference for the eventual use of bases in Si beria in the war against Japan Axis sources have susccstcd that the mectinc of the biR T already has but this was not confirmed in official allied quarters With pUms for llic opening of a 2nd front and the defeat of Ger many presumably well advanced the RooscvcllChiirchillS t a I i n meeting was expected to deal pri marily wilh the poslsurrcndcv treatment of the reich and its sat ellites p o s tw a r collaboration among the allies and the campaign in the far east Military air and naval experts agreed that bases for allied air forces will be a decisive factor in determining the duration of Japa nese resistance Bases at Vladi vostocfc wouKVing Japan within S Last Stages of War to Be Terrible Stockholm German tor ign office spokesman asked to comment on rumors of German anci negotiations with the allies declared they ne absolutely ridiculous the Berlin correspondent of Dagcns Nyhetcr reported Tuesday The German n e w s p a p c r Mucnchuer Ncucste Nachrichten meanwhile declared editorially that the end of the war is not so far away but the final stages will be terrible The Bern correspondent of tliu Swedish paper Svenslca Dagbladet said the Munich newspaper had made the observation in discuss ing the 5th winter of htc war Everyone hopes this is the last winter of the war but we must expect that the last round of the war will be more furious than ever But the end is not far away the German newspaper added The Berlin correspondent of the Svenska Dagbladet said the Wil hclmMrttssc spokesman declared the German capital viis prepared for more heavy bombings The spokesman then contended that Premier Stalin had agreed to al teml a conference with President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill only if Britain could provide evidence of a wrecked Berlin The big question being asked in Germany Tuesday according to the Swedish correspondent is can Hitler continue the war without Berlin The Germans maintain thai the German dictator said the answer is yes and they recall how hc nazis rallied alleithe destruction of Hamburg northwest of the river and routed the from the own of Simultaneously United Stales units of the allied 5lh army fought their way forward I mile through blistering enemy shell fire to oc cupy the town of Castelmiovo northwest of Monlnouila White clawing up tde Sangio ridge which rises 750 to 1000 feet above llic river valley the British New Zealand and Indian troops tinder Montgomery also widened their bridgehead to 12 jniles This frontal assault on Hie en emys heavily fortified mountain positions was supported by deadly artillery and aerial bombardment which in itself was almost suffi cient lo mrdre ihc Germans de fensesystem in this section crumble The advancing IlirilLstt captured numerous prisoners from he Ger man tinth infantry division who were described as bomb happy indicating they were shocked and demoralized from the Jiesivy bonibfntr and shelling After taking Mezzngrogun the 8th army hammered away in the direction ol Ronvagnoli at the ex treme south end of the ridge and north toward Fossaeesia at the northeastern end of the ridge During this surge onto higher grounds the little villages oC Mur cantonio Basilo Mnrcnccia Ca sone Cocco IVIarcorio and San Onofsia were overrun Farther inland the situation around the 2nd bridgehead across the Sangro rover near Archi was reported generally quiet and Montgomerys headquarters gave no intimation whether the ene mys important supply road alone the river in that sector had been cut On the 5th army front heavy fighting by the Americans diirinir the past IS hours continued around lie Fafcntiara mountain where Castclmiovo was occupied Enemy artillery bombardments increased there and on other sec tors of the 5th army frotxl Allied aircraft joined in the blows at the Germans mountain entrenchments and other installa tions and also extended their op erations lo include an air attack on the Yugosifv city of Sarajevo where the assassination of Arch duke Ferdinand and his wife hi 1914 touched oft the 1st Work war American B25 Mitchell bomb ers made the Sanijexo raid over coming a barrier of clnnds lo hvt m explosives factory enemy har EIGHTH ARMY OPENS typical Montgomery style the British 8th army has opened a new drive across the Sangro river with an exceptionally heavy artillery barrage backed by a terrific air onslaught Gen Bernard Montgomery of the 8th army called for a colussal crack to drive the Germans north of Rome Meanwhile U S forces pushed forward 2 miles northwest of ;