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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 29, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF A NO MOIHES M THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL U Associated Press and United Pull Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY NOVEMBER 29 1914 Tiiis Paper Consols ot Two ScclionsStelioiv One m iuu OtlC ftO 44 CAPTURE 5 TOWNS BEFORE COLOGNE NIPPON FLYERS DAMAGE SHIPS EAST OF LEYTE Tokyo Claims Forces Reinvaded Morotai U S Air Base Island By LEONARD SIILIJMAN Associated Press War Editor Desperate Japanese attempts to launch a general counteroffen sive in the Philippines and flank ing islands was indicated in American and Nipponese reports Wednesday Tokyo radio claimed Japanese assault forces reinvaded Morotai American air base island 30 0 miles south of the Philippines without losinjr a man Gen Douglas MacArthur ac knowledged that some damage had been inflicted on the Ameri can flotilla in San Pedro bay off eastern Leyte by persistently at tacking enemytorpedo and dive bombers A Japanese imperial communique claimed 1 American battleship 3 cruisers and 4 trans ports were sunk and a battle ship cruiser and transport dam aged Half of the 30 attacking planes were shot down On the opposite side of the is land daring American destroyers circled slowly through enemy minefields for 3 hours heavily bombarding Ormoc key to Japans Leyte defenses Thirteen miles to the south As sociated Press War Correspondent Spencer Davis reported Japanese troops have been counterattack ing American 7th division outr posts for a week in costly but wellplanned night sorties About COO Japanese and 100 doughboys have beenr killed in this Nippo nese probing for a spot to make a general breakthrough The mikados headquarters said Japanese aircraft again raided the Saipan Superfortress base in the Marianas islands Wednesday morning Tokyo The enemy communiqut claimed considerable damage was inflicted on grounded Snperforts in this and 2 preceding strikes American reports said some dam age was inflicted in the 1st 2 strikes but did not disclose how much Thirteen Japanese planes were shot down japans reported counteroffen sive thrusts in and around the Philippines were coupled with an apparent general withdrawal Nipponese troops from central and north Burma Some allied sources interpreted this as the beginning of a general evacuation of aU Burma Enemy troops were reported withdrawing from both the south west China and northeast Burma sectors of the Burma road before Chinese columns making deep penetrations from Bhamo and in the Salween sector Tokyo apparently was relying on the central China thrust to ward the Burma road at Kwei yang capital of Kweichow prov ince Chinese claimed the enemy threat was halted 138 miles south west of the provincial capital There was no official Japanese nor American confirmation ot the Tokyo radio report that powerful Nipponese assault forces landed on Itlorotai Sunday without firing a shot Action in the Philippines where torrential rains boggec down American infantry was lim ited to Japanese planes and American destroyers that fought the tropical storm to carry out their attacks Destroyers making their 1st penetration of Philippine inlanc seas met no opposition in Philippines Pilot Spends Vacation on Combat Missions Myttkyina Burma Nov Martin of De catur Ala a B29 pilotstationed in China spent a recent vacation in India this way He piloted a B25 bomber and a P47 fighter on combat missions over Burma and then took controls of a C47 transport on a food dropping mission to Chinese troops in northern Burma Distances to Berlin From Fronts Are Listed By the Associated Press The road to Berlin 1 Western front 301 miles from near 2 Eastern front 304 miles from north of 3 Hungarian front 420 miles from 4 Italian front 557 miles from Churchill Warns Germany May Fight Longer Than He Had Earlier Anticipated London ttPiPeime Minister Churchill warned Wednesday that the war against Germany might hist longer than he hud thought He REDS CAPTURE MANY TOWNS IN HEAVYATTACKS fiiiaH T BURNING DESTROTERBrought down out of a flak filled sky a Jap dive bomber sends up a white cloud of smoke and steam as it crashes mtpthe ocean near a burning U S destroyer black smoke off Levte island n the Philippines Another U S destroyer is at left center Agencies Disagree on Ration Policy Over Point Values Washington fresh disagreement between government agencies on basic rationing policy may result in continuance of cur rent food point values through December With normal announcement of new values due Thursday or Fri day the office of price stration and the war food admini stration are deadlocked over pro posed jreyisions S aresult Stabilization Direc tor Ered MVmson hes calledupon for the 2nd7 timein thfe last 4 months to iron put ra tioning differences betweenthe 2 organizations The trouble developed when OPArecommended to WFA that most meat cuts still nnrationed restored to the point charts in December OPA also suggested that some canned vegetables such as peas and corn and perhaps beans should go back on the ra tion list WFA which has authority to ration or unration food commodi ties objected to both proposals It contends that while there may be shortages of particular point free items there are no important overall shortages and that substi tutes are available for scarce products WFAs position a spokesman said is that as few food items as possible should be rationed as the end of the war in Germany draws nearer This is to guard against any sudden accumulation of huge surpluses with termination of hos tilities Our idea Is that a minimum of food rationing is highly desirable at this time he explained This is necessary to keep consumption as high as possible otherhand has argued that distribution of poiht free meat cuts is spotty and that mans items particularly pork cuts should be returned to the list It wants some canned veg etables back under rationing be cause officials contend there sales have been too rapid to guar antee good supply the remainder of the pack year or to next sum mer The dispute has dragged on so long that both agencies concede there is little chance it can be resolved in time to make Decem ber revisions on schedule Nor mally changes would go into ef fect next Sunday and stand until at least Dec 31 BOY FOUND HANGED St Paul C A Inger son Ramsey county coroner or dered an inquest in the death of Henry E Rucker 10 who was found hanged by a scarf in a closet at his home He re ported to have been grief stricken since his sister Elaine 6 died on Nov 7 China Must Triple Output Nelson Says in Blunt Warning Chungking o n a 1 d M Nelson President Roosevelts spc c i a 1 representative in China bluntly warned the Chinese Wed nesday that their plight will be come very precarious unless they immediately triple lagging war production expect tbe military position of China to improve very much until China wins her battles of production and supply Nelson said in an address to the peoples political council in Chungking He likened Chinas position to that of the United States after Pearl Harbor and called on all Free China to cooperate with the newlyorganized Chinese war pro duction board in meeting the in dustrial goals Siberian Province Facing North Japan Impregnable Fort By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A potential threat toward Nip pon was seen in a British broad cast quoting the communist news paper Pravda as saying the Kha barovsk Siberian province facing northern Japan has been trans formed into an impregnable for tress INSPECTION ON CARRIEROn board a U S navy aircraft carrier at a Pacific an chorage offcceraand during a visit by Rear Adm J I OariL Sweep Russians in Force 1 Across Danube South of Budapest London Premier Stalin announced Wednesday night that Marshal Feodor Tolbukhins army had crossed the Danube in force south of Budapest forging a bridgehead 90 miles wide and 25 miles deep and capturing the im portant town ot Pecs Mohacs and Bataszek ivere amongr other owns seized in the push by Tolbukhins combined Russian and Yugoslav forces Pecs and Mohacs are about 100 miles south of Budapest Other red army forces were striking westward along the breadth of eastern Slovakia and had captured more than 60 com munities The new offensive swept up 330 other populated places Stalins or der said Mohacs a road junction on the west bank of the Danube lies 10 miles from the Yugoslav border It is 23 milessoutrieasrolthenm portant coal mining town and communicaiions center of Pecs which the Berlin radio said was being stormedby the Russians In northern Hungary he Rus sians cleared the enemy from the rigrhl bank of the Tisza river oc cupying an additional populated places The advances measured up to 14 miles on Z closely linked fronts that total more than 110 miles The soviet communique said 400 Germans were killed and 150 cap tured in the fighting for the Slo vak town of Vysni Svidnik while another 600 were captured at a highway junction on the Hungar ian border Vysni Svidnik is lu the south ern approach lo Dulka Pass and 10 miles southwest of the Polish border The advance in Slovakia was general down to the Hun garian border north of Xyiresy haza and within 25 miles of the Slovakian strongholds of Kassa and Presov Crossing of the Tizsa put the last 35 mile stretch of the river in soviet hands northeast of Tokai Elsewhere along the 1500 mile front to the jjui JltllllUIlL after King George VI opening the 10th session of the legislators elected in 1D35 said that Britain intended to reinforce as rapidly as possible the United Kingdom forces now fighting Japan Churchill praised the progress of the allied armies on Hie western front The enemy everywhere has beertthrust back he said Any large and effective in the German front in the region of Cologne would have the high est strategic consequences But Churchill added we must shal Stalins promised winter of fensivc Japs Report B29s Made Night Attack By The Associated Press Toyko radio said Wednesday that a minor formation of attempted their first night at tack on the Japanese capital starting firls at 2 places The fires were immediately brought under control said the broadcast recorded by the federal communications commission and there was practically no dam age The Superfortresses dropped incendiaries and flare bombs but were repulsed by our effective interception Tokyo declared Claim Damages Allowed by Jury for Pig Exceed Ceiling Price of OPA Chattanooga Tcnn jury awarded the plaintiff S1250 dam ages for a hog shot by the defend ant and fined the latter S25 for malicious mischief Ah attorney for the defendant filed a petition for a new trial alleging the S1250 award was in excess of the OPA ceiling price allowed for hogs said his recent prediction of possible end by early summer might be revised by dropping the word early Churchill addressed parliament Reds Charge Exile Poles Are Hostile Moscow served no tice through the columns of Prav da Wednesday that thePolish gov ernment in exile had become a hostile political force with which any future negotiations were oK vionsly impossible Accusing Polish reactionaries of a scheme lo sitlit the allies and foster a new war Pravda said U looked upon ihe withdrawal of Stamslaw Mikolajczyk as premier as destroying the last hopes of reapproacliment with the exiled regime Mikolajczyk received gentle treatment in Pravdas discussion and apparently the possibility was envisaged that he and a number of other members of the peasant parly abroad might go to Lublin the seal of Die sovietsponsored committee of national liberation There was no evidence here to indicate doubt that he would be welcomed by the committee il he chose o join it With or without Mikolujczyk he liberation committee continues as the governing machine for liber DRIVEFORWARD IN BITTER FIGHT TOWARD RHINE Patton Forces Gain Up to 10 Miles in Center of Front in auvurnmg macnine lor libcr remembcr that the enemy whose atcd Poland Relying upo its eonnfrv invnwi r1cndship wiK Ue fviet union it seems certain to consolidate its power as additional areas of Po land are cleared by the enemy Pravda declared the Polish gov ernment in London does nol slrivc for friendship between Ihe Peoples bul aims to sow seeds for a new war The Polish people turn back in disdain from this clique the communist party newspaper de clared The 2column commentary by Yakov Viktorov was given promi nent display on the foreign lan guage page of Pravda The irlicle cited London newspapers as its authority for the belief Mikola jczyk tried to obtain an agree ment from his cabinet to his re turn to Moscow to resume nego tiations Pravda described Jan Kwap inski wlio was named prcmier desighate after Mikolajczyks res ignation aa antisoviet and said his connections with the socialist party were camouflage LASH GERMANS Hit Oil Refinery at Misburg Other Targets London llian Flying Fortresses and Liberators escorted by an equal number of fighters attacked the big oil re finery at Misburg freight yards il Hamm and other targets in northwestern Germany Wcdncs country is invaded has also the supreme stimuli which we our selves responded to in the very dark days of 1940 and 1941 Churchill lauded the fighting of the French troops near the Swiss frontier where they slashed through to the Rhine and declared it showed the French army would rise again and that the French soldier properly led and properly equipped is unsur passed The weather had baflly ham pered the American and British forces at the northern end of the front he said hut the battle was continuing with viftor and im mense losses have been inflicted on the enemy The allies too had suffered he declared adding there had been approximately 40000 British and Canadian casualties irithe into Holland ani Germany Churchill spoke ritehly of tlie accornnlishmenls of the Ameri can armies on the western front The capture of nieti and Stras bourff he described as glorious and massive achievements He said that although American losses had been severe on north ern sectors of the front the cost had been even greater to the enemy A fullfledged war review might be given after Christmas may be much easier to put hard facts and cheering facts before the house he said The house cheered as Churchill ended his long address devoted mainly to legislation to be tackled with the assertion that the great powers were never more closely and intimately and comprebendingly united than they are at this Large Convoys Use Port of Antwerp London rime Minister Buy your War K o 11 t s Stamps from your GlobcGa carrier boy London American tanks and infantry drove deeper into the corroding German front along the Roer river Wednesday after forc ing the Germans from 5 towns in bitteibattles to force open the gates to Cologne 23 miles away Langerwehc last major com munications point west of the Roer and 4 miles from the river citadel of Duren fell late Tues day dispatches from the first army said The town had been entered Monday morning and the beaten Germans did not attempt a coun terattack after quilting its eastern limits Also seized were Hurlsen Klcinhau JuiiKersdort and Kos lar The first army charged on through stiff opposition into the western outskirts of Merocie a mile southeast o Jungersdorf and 3 Vi miles from Duren In the center of the western front Lt Gen George S Pattons divisions drove as much as 10 miles forward as places reached the lough outer crust of the Sieg fried line in the rich Saar basin His men were within 8 miles of Saarbrucken blackened capital ot the Saar and inside the indus trial basin on a 2G mile front The important towns of Saarlautern Hagenau Mcrzig Forbach Sar regucmines and Sarre Union all were imminently threatened The French first army in the south trapped many Germans be tween Mulhouse and Bellort XJ S first army veterans took the devastatedfoteftr town of Huriffen after3 ariff then drove a mile northeast and tured Klefnhau Jungcrsdorf 4 miles from Ine Roer river fortress city of Duren fell The fltli nrmy shuttered organ ized resistance at Koslaiand moved within less than a mile of Julich a pivot of the Roer river line Two bridges were seized over the narrow inde river tribu tary ot the Roer at Inden and Altdorf Prime Minister Churchill dis closed that the great Belgian port of Antwerp 2nd largest in Eu rope already was in use supply ing the 55 or more divisions which General Eisenhower had thrown into battle Hurlgcn is 27 J miles southwest of Cologne Jungcrsdorf is 4 miles from Duren 39000 and Koslar is less than 2 from Julich Both Duren and Juiich are fortress towns OK the Roer river line last day following a hcavy BritisI bombardment of fturnberg An sen and Ncuss uti mt nuer river line last The attack on Misberg was Ihe rcat natural barrier before the 10th and possibly the final shat Rhine terms blow to the vital oil works Other Americans of the 1st and Sth armies crawling slowly for one of the largest in Germany The swarms of Mustangs Thun derbolts and Lightnings were sent along in the expectation the nazi luftwaffo would offer another desperate defense against increas ward along a 25 mile front be tween Linnich and Hurtgen in the Cologne plain east of Aachen fought for every house and cellar in the ruined villages of Cologne Between the towns were INTRI aud rclt ing assauits at the heart of the Bctwecn the towns were INTRI German war machine i GATE TRENCH systems like those I A few hours earlier Halifax and i thc Iast Wir Lancaster bombers hit the arms Tlioueli organized resistance and rail centers of collapsed in Kosiar under the im Bay your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy FORECAST Mason City Mostly fair but with occasional flurries of snow in the air driven by strong winds Much colder Wednesday night Lowest temperature at Fort Dodge about 2 below Mason City zero and Waterloo 2 above Thursday fair and continued cold Iowa Much colder accompanied by moderately strong winds and snow flurries Wednesday night and Thursday Temperatures5 below in the northwest zero in the southwest and northeast and 10 above in the southeast Minnesota Much colder accom panied by moderately strong winds and snow flurries Wed nesday night with lowest tem peratures ranging from 0 to 5 below northwest to 10 above portion Thursday ECU and Ncuss ifter one of the strongest Mosquito bomber forces cvcr scnt out hod attacked the nazi party shrine city of Nurn bcS slowly diminishing southeast cold with s winds snow flurries northeast portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 27 Minimum Tuesday night 18 At 8 a m Wednesday 20 At a m Wednesday 17 At a m Wednesday 19 Snow i jncj Precip 06 inch YEAR AGO Afaximum 26 Minimum 21 Precipitation trace King Declares Britain Intends to Strengthen Forces Fighting Japs London King George VI opening the 10th consecutive ses sion of the current parliameni said Wednesday that Britain in tends to reinforce as rapidly as possible the united kingdom forces now fighting against Ja pan Victory remains our supreme aim the king said Once however I he war in Europe is over the transition from war to peace will begin and my ministers are actively pre paring plans to ensure that with out in any way prejudicing the active prosecution of the war against Japan an increasing part pact of LI Gen William II Simp sons Stli army a few Germans held out in the mud The first army of LI Gen Court ney H Hodges captured Hurtgen and Jungcrsdorf in PAINFULLY SLOW advances in the darkness before dawn and in thick drizzling fog which denied air support The Sth and 1st armies appeared to be slowly forcing open the Roer river gate to Cologne U Gen George S Pattons 3rd army grasped forMcrzig Rhenish Prussia fortified zone town near the Moselle river The vanguards were 2 miles away Others drove to within 8 miles of Saarbrucken in the area east of St Avoid Pattons troops fought into the French coa town of Saare Union 21 miles below Saarbrucken and within 3b miles of the border city of Saarlautern The largo French traffic center of Hagenau scene of many pil grimagc to its Miricnthal con vent was threatened by troops 3 miles to the west Railroads lead across the Rhine from there lo Karlsruhe 31 miles to the north ncreasng par lal uui 01 IMULS LI of our resources is made available i cast and to Ncustadt for civilian production These words opened what al ready has been termed the vic tory session of the 4th longest parliament in British history The king in his traditional throne speech declared the united nations could now look forward with greater confidence than ever before to those final victories which will give to the peoples of the world the just peace which is our chief desire He wore the goldbradcri uni form of an admiralof the British fleet rations 05lh division bolted al most 10 miles forward Tuesday and crossed the frontier at Berus and Duren a town of the same name as that before Cologne That extended the 3rd army front in side Germany to 26 miles reach ing northwest to Bcsch opposite Luxembourg On the southern flank the French first corps drive east from Rougemont Le Chateau and the French 2nd corps struck west from Mulhouse joining at Burn haput Lc Haul trapping a German force of undisclosed size in a 50 ;