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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 29, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OEPARTMCfU Of H OES VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy SOVIET TROOPS SPEED TOWARD ZHLOBIN BASE Nazis Abandon Arms Blow Up Bridges in Panicky Retreat Move Moscow troops routed from Gomel were in pan icky flight toward Zhlobin Mon day under a shattering hail of Russian artillery fire which com pletely spanned the 19 mile wide corridor between the jaws of red army trap The course of Ihe disorderly nazi Hisrht through lower While llussia marked by abandoned arms blown up bridges and has tily sown mine fields intended to impede the soviet pursuers The Uussians sped 12 miles alons the GomclZhlobin railroad in single day to within 18 miles of the latter point a vital junction west of the upper Dnieper The jaws of Gen Koustantin Hokossovskys trap closed to with in 19 miles of each other enabling his heavier guns to lay a barrage across the nazi line of retreat and compel the scores of thousands of Germans to run a deadly gantlet Whether or not the Germans would be able to clear through Zhlobin depended on how well their forces in that region could withstand Rokossovskys units pressing in northeastward and southwestward Roskossovkys other units con tinued to move up along the rifrht bank of the Berezina in the direc tion of Bobruisk and to sweep the lower Fripct marshlands On he later sector his men came within stnkinsr dislance of Mozyr the capture of which would rive him an almost unbroken western flank from Ovruch to the Pcrczina Pursuing Russian troops swept through more than 130 towns and villages in the 18mile advance up the GomelMinsk railroad Unbroken soviet advances along the lower reaches of the Berezina and Pripet rivers including the capture of 31 villages also were reported indicating that red armies were well on the wav to liberating the southern third of White Russia The capture of Sharybovka on the GomelMinsk railroad T2 miles northwest of Gomel put the Soviets at the base of the pocket within 18 mites of the junction of the Minsk line and the OdessaLeningrad railroad at Zhlobin in a neighboring sector the Russians encircled 2 unidentified enemy pockets killed 700 of the resisting Germans and captured the survivors Sixteen guns 12 mortars and 70 machine were seized To the west the red army lib erated 24 localities lower reaches of river killin seizin MASON fcirr IOWA MONDAY NOVEMBER Z9 Iflirt CHRISTMAS for these for troops in Italy army along the the Berezina 400 Germans and 4 6barrellcd mortars and other booty Other Russian forces cleaning nut the southern half of the Pripet marshes advanced over wooded marshy counlrv and cap tured several enemy base Ncarlv Germans were killed in the repulse of counterattacks James Stewart Arrives at Post in England At a U S Liberator Station in Ensland Movie Star Capt James Scwarl and the group wiUi which he trained at Sioux Uiy Iowa have arrived in the European theater of operations Captain Stewart who now com mands a U S liberator bomber j squadron arrived 1 days ao piloting n 4 engined bomber from Ihe last stop over HOD miles away JAP CRUISER PROBABLY SUNK 2000 Enemy Dead on Bougainville Reported By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The probable sinking of a Japa nese cruiser reports ot 2001 enemy dead on Bougainville island and intensified aerial ac tivity highlighted a busy weekend in the southwest Pacific theater of war A liberator heavy liomticr pa trolling St George channel lie Iween New Britain and New Ire land islands Friday night dropped a 1000 pound bomlt squarely on the Jap cruiser Gen Douglas AliicArthur reported The bomb pierced the ships armor and exploded inside with a flash that lighted up the night sky It was the 49th enemy warship sunk or damaged in the northern Solomons during November While General MacArthur described the cruiser as light returning flyers said it was of the medium class of 12000 to 15000 tons displace ment A spokesman for Admiral Wil liam F Halsey south Pacific fleet commander reported that more than 1000 Japanese had been killed in a 10day battle on Bou gainville invaded al Empress Au Susin bay by U S marines Nov I This he said brought to 2000 the number of enemy dead in fighting for that largest of the Solomon islands Our dead and wounded combined including casualties among army troops which have reinforced the marines were given as 1000 Allied bombers carried out their most extensive operations in weeks Those of Admiral Halseys wing alone dropped close to 200 tons of bombs without intercep tion Eight key Japanese positions were assaulted Liberators left 105 tons of bombs on enemy installations on Euka island just off the Think Last Chance Demand to Be Given German People Washington Uniled States Great Britain and the This belief was strengthened by responsible London reports that a tremendous blow of psy chological warfare was about lo fall upon both Berlin and Tokyo Axis and united nations capitals were boiling with reports that an nouncement was expected soon o a meeting between Preside Roosevelt Prime Minister Wins ton Churchill and Premier Josef Stalin If there is a RooseveltChurch ill conference Stalin there almost certainly will be an im mediate subsequent Roosevelt Churchill conference with Chines Generalissimo as well Chiang KaiShek It is suggested here that Sec retary of State Coidell Hull and British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden may hav recent Moscow conference to try agreed at theii the Russian plan for bringing about a homefront collapse in Germany The Russians under took the job alone last July the Moscow manifesto a docu ment signed by German expatri ates including communists then in Russia The manifesto called upon Ger man peasants craftsmen and people to over throw Adolf Hitler and under democratic regime obtain more lenient peace terms from Russia Adherents ot Hitlerism who in good time will renounce him and free full join the movement for a were promised Germany pardon It is believed that the Moscow manifesto could be made ihe basis of a new ultimatum to nonnazi eimans to repudiate the leaders who since i933 have led them to disaster Bui it is well known here that mere elimination of nazi leaders b bers A heavy force of Mitchells cov ered by lightning fighters made a lowlevel attack on the Wcwak and Boram airfields in northeast ern New Guinea destroying at least n aircraft on the ground and damaging some 25 others Beau fort attackers hit Jiabaiil in force and reported a heavy conccntrn lion of planes at Britain He joined the liberator group lest August Speedy PT boats sank 5 barges loaded with 200 Japanese troops and artillery in Viliaz slrail he tween New Guinea and New Brit The Moscow conference of for eign ministers already has com mitted the big 3 to restora tion of Austrian sovereignty and of course the occupied nations are to be wrested from German dom ination But there is strong feel ing that Germany as a whofe must be insulated from the warrior race of Prussians who have nur tured and commanded German plotted gen eration1 an appeal is made to the German people it is believed thai it will contain no promises which would prevent such insulation of Prussia from the rest of the reich The alternative to n rising of the German people against their nazi masters is as well knoxvn now in Berlin as in united nations tals capi GOMEL Arrowa from soviet troops had crossed the Eerana river outflank the town of S Wlh spearheads taking Report Stalin on Way to Cairo London reach ing Lisbon reported there Monday that President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill had been in Cairo for severaldays and that Premier Josef Stalin was on the way to meet them A Lisbon dispatch quotingthe travelers said Stalin now is In Teheran and would proceed Jo for a meeting at which he Roosevelt and Mr Churchill would formulate demands for the immediate unconditional surren der of Germany The Lisbon dispatch relayed through the British censorship was toe most forthright report so far of the many circulated regarding a Roosevelt Stalin Churchill meeting Others have been largely of axis origin obviously not de pendable and of a propaganda na The United Press report from Lisbon regarding the purported conference did not identify ihe travelers or say where they came from It mentioned both Cairo and Alexandria as possible meeting places of the allied big 3 An earlier nazi broadcast heard m Mockholm said the 3 already Peace Rumors Made to Impair Allied Hull Says Washington Secretary State Hull said Monday that current crop of peace rumors paremly is put out to impair vigor of the allied war effort by creating overconfidence In response lo a press confer ence question have vou any in formation that would support ru mors that a German peace move is afoot either through the Vatican or other channels the secretary replied I think I would be safe in au thorizing you to quote me entirely 111 the negative about sucli rumors at every days conference until I notify you to the contrary They are evidently put out most of the time with a view to creating overconfidence the allies FLEET ATTACKS WEST GERMANY Berlin Has Raid Free Night But 3rd of Capital Is in Ruins London bombers sinking from bases in Britain blasted ut targets in western Ger many again Sunday night in bold defiance of German threats of mysterious reprisals for attacks on Berlin said to have left onethird capital in ruins The raids were carried out an air ministry communiaue said by fleet uiogquitos but the an nouncement failed lo disclose the specific objectives No planes were lost in the nisht operations during which mines also were laid in enemy waters the bulletin said Berlin had ils 2ml successive raidless night while the sirens were kept whining in western Ucrmany by the mosuuitos The great force of bombers seen streaming across the channel dur ing the night apparently was a fleet of minelayers and not the blockbusting caravan During daylight Monday offen sive operations in which Ger man fighters were destroyed were continued Formations of fighters and light bombers were seen returning from the direction France London had a short alert but no bombs duringthe nisht The few bombs dropped in the home counties caused neither damage nor casualties The new KAF blow followed the disclosure that approximately is beina spent to expand the already mighty Brit ishAmerican aerial offensive from offensive which reached a new peak of intensity only last week Of the total the air ministry news service sud about 000000 will be spent on airfields and depots for the U S 8th air force At the carrying on among ihe war to a successful conclusion and in that way impairing the whole vigor ofthe war situation on fie allied side Hull did not elaborate but the implication was clear that he con siders the peace rumors to be axis are proceeding with the moment ous conference Thoueh the broadcast said the conference was beinjr held at an undefined place olher reports reachingStockholm suucested the 3 were meeting in North Africa Eduard Bcnes president of the Czech exile government also was participating at Stalins express wish the German radio said while ihc London Daily Mail re ported rumors circulating that Chiang KaiShek Generalissimo and 1 person representing Ger many in somc tipacity not ct clear may turn up Coinciding with the widespread speculation over the Rooscvelt ChurchillStalin meeting was a new outcropping of German peace feeler reports including a nazi mission to the Vatican The Stockholm newspaper Sven ska Dagbladet quoted Swiss sources for rumors that President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill had left their countries o meet Premier Stalin probably n North Many intimate Iclrfframs re cently passed between the white touse the Kremlin and Downing Street the Empire added and their fruits will be seen he ore The possibility hat the leaders oi the United Nations will issue in ultimatum lo surrender or face and assaults from 3 sides plus he mounting allied air offensive ainst Germany was believed to lave inspired the sudden increase n reports of German peace moves Bern and Geneva dispatches aid a high German personality Baron Franz Von Pa pcn ambassador to Turkey flew to Rome Friday saw Pope Pius AH papal secretary of stale Lnigi Cardinal Maglione and returned to Berlin shortly after noon Satur day Rumors in Switzerland persisted that the mission was connected with a new series of German peace feelers but usually wellin formed church circles there were skeptical sa William E Kc fighter command 8th Army Progresses With Violent Offensive in Italy Murder Sentence Friday for Kaster Captured at Ventura Plant Penlty was recoin District Judge T A Bearilmore also will hear a motion for a new trial at that time if the defense decides to make such a request Kaster was found guilty of murder in the 1st degree Satur day by a jury which deliberated 1 hour and 53 minutes lie was captured Oct I near Ventura Heights on he shore of Clear Lake after 2 manhunts Of ficers at that time quoted him as saying be shol Winehell the suard refused to turn over a revolver and holster he was wear ing No defense testimony presented at the Irial Winchelt father of 2 small children was on palral duly near the plant at the time he was killed If flic judRc follows Hie jurys recommendation Kaster will be come Ihe 1st occupant of death row at lie slate penitentiary since Nov 1911 whcn Ivan Sullivan was lunged for killing a guard at he prison Sullivan escaped from the pen itentiary with 2 other convicts and after a scries of bank rob beries and holdups they returned to free another convict The guard was killed in tile attempt and the convict Sullivan sought lo free killed himself Persons sentenced to die in Iowa are executed on the gallows At least l year must elapse be tween the date of sentencingand the time of execution STANLEY SI KASTEIl Bii Rasters capture on Ihe south west shores of Clear Lake fol lowed an allnight search near the cottage of an uncle there Traced cn1 there by Max Sludcr Mason Cily chief declared that German air power definitely the might is growing or cnerfe fight bade cleverly wilfi limited resources he said in a broadcast to the United Stales but he cant win against the Jiainmer low of an air force which will continue grow while his is wiped out December Quota of New Passenger Cars Put at Only 15500 to The fact is our pilots morale is getting higher while the Ger man pilots morale has nowhere to ga but downhill Already we can sec the Germans weakening in he air whenever the weather permits us to carry out sustained operations find them unable to resist us in certain places1 The Germans threat of dire re prisals for the devastation wrought in Berlin came from Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Goebbcls who said in a broadcast speech that German in dustry was workiup feverishly night and clay lo turn out the mysterious w c a p n n s through which Britain would bo paid back ith interest and ciouulc inter It was a familiar propaganda line but listeners here were in trigued by one angle in his assertion that British raiders had dropped masses of phosphorous cnnnisters in Ber lin Goebbcls seemed lo imply that the British were using a new and more deadly type of in ccmliary bomb causing somo speculation in London newspa pers A summary of KAF operations for N o v c in b c r meanwhile showed that the month one of the best the British have en joyed to dale Since the begin ning of November Firilish heavy bombers have carried out It ma jor 1 raid by the greatest 4motorcd force ever sent over a tolnl cost of 155 planes This was he lowest monthly loss since March whcn 150 were downed The most costly month was August when L9i heavy bombers were lost in M large scale attacks a m o n g them 2 big assaults on Berlin which counted for 105 of the losses Washington December quota of new passenger units be the smallest 500 since the start of rationing the of fice of price administration an nounced Monday The quota represents a reduc tion of 25 per cent from the No cember quota of 20600 cars which was a cut of almost 35 per cent nMiusi jei ceni ugercncv exists with G rom the previous months figure a result of Ihe sinking SUBS SINK 2 AMERICAN BOATS Balboa C Ameri can liberty ship was torpedoed and sunk with the loss of lives and an American tanker sent down with the loss of 12 lives in the same general area subsequent to the sinking of the Colombian in lerjsland motor schooner Ruby loth U S naval headquarters an nounced Monday The Ruby was sunk by gunfire by a German submarine the state ment said and 4 members of the crew were killed The 4 remaining members of the crew and 3 pas sengers 1 a G year old child were injured The Colombian government last week declared that a stale of bel ligerency exists with Germany as aeciu of the state bureau of inves tigation a lookout reported in Hie early cvemns nf Oct 3 that a slraneer was at the home of Charles Raster A highway patTolnTen slate agents and members of the sheriffs office surrounded the cottage A tear gas shell from the gun of Chief R W Ncbergall of the Iowa bureau of investigation brought out the slayer his shot gun roaring as he ran for heavy brush In the rear of the house Hey buckshot from his RUII lore holes in flic fender of Chief Ncbergrairs oar and riddled the windshield of Deputy Sheriff Cal Dwans None of the officers was nil The killer disappeared inlo the heavy brush and timber and the officers began patrolling the roads 10 keep him within the wooded area until daylight would permit 11 Iborougii search Before daylight the officers were reinforced by the arrival of more highway patrol men the sheriff and deputies from Garner and a company of guardsmen from Mason City Al claylijrlil one of the officers discovered Ihe car which Kaster had stolen al Osanc lo RC lo Ven tura It was parked about 150 rods east of the cabin In the trunk officers found Raster wrapped in blankets with his shotgun an uncxplodcd shell still in its chamber He had been hit in one heel bv n 3K caliber bullet from the gun of County Attorney M I Mason iincl unable to I ravel liacl crept to Ihe car lo lake refuge from the cod night air He WHS coatlefs and hnllcES when he dashed from the cabin in the night Taken o llasnn City for Ircat mcut of his wounds ami iiiicslian iuc Kaster told officers that if he had not liccn wounded he would not have left aiiv of them alive y morninc The statement wis iil iercd in same mailer of fact voice in which lie ailmiltcd killing Winchcll in an attempt to ct his gun and holster The killer has been held in Ihe Waverly county jail since the clsy of his capture Ill BLOODHOUNDS SOLVE THEFT Lead to Bed of Youth Decorah Who Confesses Bloodhounds from Wisconsin in charge of Sheriff George Harms of Decorah solved the mystery of cars stolen in Decorah and vicinity the past 3 weeks and deliberately wrecked by the thief The animals led the officers to the home of Bill Riiua 10 in De corah and directly to Die bedroom where the young man lay sleep ing Rima promptly confessed that he was the person who stole cars of Don Erickson Spencer Wil liams and Erlin Lumen all living in or near Decorah The Ericksuu cuwas taken Nov 11 It was later found near Decora ii with all windows smashed the radio lorn out and the headlights broken Thecar was missing a couple of hours The Williams car was taken Nov 2j and deliberately driven over an embankment and into a tree The Loincn car was taken Sat urday night and was deliberately wrecked in a manner similar to Ericksons Sheriff Harms said the case ap pears to be oneof plain vandal ism as the boy could cjvo rea son for his actions He was to be arraigned in juvenile court The young man confessed to Ihe crime before County Ally Frank Miller WADE IN KATIOV STAMPS Kansas City Firemen fighting a grocery store tire no ticed bits of paper floating aroimrl in water from their hoses They ere wading in 15000 food ratiun iK stamps liny War Savings Iinis Stamps from carrier boy anil voiir GlohcGajtetlc BIG GAME KIM HELPS Denver b i g gnme hunters have bagged enough fleer and elk this season to make T pounds of meat available for ev ery person in the state State Game and Fish Commissioner Cle land Keasl made the announce ment based on nearly complete figures for this years kill Weather Report FOKKCAST Mason City Cloudy Monday JiiRh lowest temperature in JlREon City 25 cloudy and warmer Wcducclav fanami mild Iowa Cloudy Monday nislU ami Tuesday w a r in c r Ttccsrlay Wednesday generally fair with mild temperatures no abnor mally cold weather indicated through middle portion of week Minnesota Variable cloudiness Monday night and Tuesday Oc casional very light snow north east portion Tuesday Warmer northeast Monday night bccom iiiR colder northeast ami extreme north portions Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGaxotle weather statistics Maximum Sunday nfi Minimum Sunday night At 8 a m Mondny oj Snow Sunday Trace YFAR AGO Maximum is Minimum 5 inches snow on ground The figures for Sunday In Mason City MaYimum Saturday Minimum Saturday night At 8 a m Sunday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Snowfall 2 inches 31 17 37 AIRANDBIGGUN BARRAGE MADE BEFORE ATTACK Montgomery Orders Troops to Hit Nazis Colossal Crack By KIMVAK1 KENNEDY A 1 Ii c d Algiers Slh army called upon by Gen Sir Bernard U Montgomery to the Germans a colossal crack and tu drive them north of homo struck out in a new offen sive in the darkness ot Sunday morning fram ils Sangro bridge heads and is making goud progress in the face of enemy flame throwers allied headquarters an nounced Monday The attack delivered at niehl in typical Montgomery style was preceded anil backed by a terrific air onslauirhl It was carried out by veteran British Indian and New Zealand divisions rushinc forward in the flashing light of an exceptionally heavy artillery barrage A heitdqiiaifers spokesman said the attack was soiny well Before the 8th armys wheels were set churning westward from the bridgehead into the enemys hill positions toward Koine Brit ish destroyers laid down a bom bardment ot Ihe enemy port of Civitanova 20 miles south of An emia on the Adriatic coast A second bridgehead al Archi 13 miles inland from the Adriatic was hammered out as the attack progressed broadening the Bib armys foothold on the north side of the most serious obstacle en countered by Montgomery since he set foot on the Calabrian toe lust September The previous bridgehead had been limited lo about 5 miles along the from theAdriatic v i To the southwcsl a British cruiser and destroyer also went into action liurlins broadsides into the Minliirno area just north of ihe rth armys front Americans in the right of IA Gen Mark W Clarks front also seized more hiah ground in an important advance and broke up determined G c r m a n counter thrusts west of Venafro Activity on the 5th army sector however was limited chiefly to patrol ac tion and heavy artillery duels but the headquarters communique snid valuable information was being gathered by small patrols Iratins enemy territory American liberators flew into lie Alps of northern Italy Sunday in their expanding arc nf opera tions and bnnibcd the railway via duct ant tunnel at Dosna 10 miles north of Trieste where Adolf Hitlers Italian and Balkan fronts arc linked by allimportant railway communications The lonaauailed 8th army plunge penetrated the main lines anchoring ihe German winler line1 in the hills near the coast in its 1st 21hour rush Although the Germans had been hard hit by allied air forces which had thrown as many as 500 sor ties in a single day against iun posts artillery positions trenches and entanglements the attack found the enemy waiting and prc pared tnr fierce resistance Tiie Gernuuis threw in numer ous counter altacks spearheaded by tanks mounting flamethrowers Sonic of llicsc cannier attacks threw back the Ironps which swarmed across Ihe Sangro in the Archi ncisliborhood iut the Bril ish hounded back to the offensive and regained alt Ihcy liail losl and more loo They took a considerable num ber of prisoners in the sweep for ward among them a considerable proportion uf Poles and Lorrain ers from former French terri tory who hadbeen impressed into the service of the German army The main penetration into the German offensive belt was in the direction of Castel rremano on high ground 5 miles beyond the river and miles inland where the Germans appear to have an chored their line While planes of the actical air force threwall the strength they had into support of the offensive at the front breaking up I waves of 10 German aircraft sent out to attack 8th army units American medium bombers launched a large scale assault on Dubrovnik Sibcilik and Zara 3 Germanhold ports in Jugoslavia across the Adriatic havoc and con fusion was caused enemy troop concentrations barracks and road traffic by American A3S dive bombers in the Rome area an official report said The A3Gs also bombed the harbor and freight yards at An zij south ot Home the heavily defended town of San Vittore near Froiinonc and the coastal railway northwest of Rome while l bij on the outskirts of Rome ;