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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 28, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR HOME CITY GLOBEGAZETTE HOME EDITION THI NIWSPAPIR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS RflCHiOllS United Prta FuJJ Five Copy MASON Cmr IOWA TUESDAY NOVEMBER 28 1958 This Paper of Two U U S Charges Communist China With Aggression East Fights to Clear Snowbanks Death Toll Mounts to 278 From Storm Damage Estimate High By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Stprm swept eastern states reeling from devastating blows from weathers elements strug gled Tuesday to get business and production back to normal The herculean job was being waged by thousands They fought to clear areas of snow from the weekend storm which struck with paralyzing fury over wide parts of 22 eastern states Hundreds of The death toll from the winds blizzards and cold mounted rwith 278 fatalities in the stormstrick en region Damage to property mounted to astronomical estimated in the hundreds of mil lions of dollars There was much human misery and great hardship Thousands of homes remained without heat others were without electricity and telephones Communities were isolated Schools remained closed in many snowbound areas The weather bureau had a mild note of cheer The intense storm It reported was almost station ary in the vicinity of Lake Huron and was dying very slowly Some light snow fell over parts of the middle Atlantic states and around the Great Lakes area There were flurries in Kentucky and Tennessee Temperatures Moderate But temperatures moderated in tome areas and no below zero cold was reported over the snow belt However they were below some areas Ohio and Pennsylvania two of the states hardest hit by the snow and wind their fight to remove the mpun tainous piles of snow Mason City Girl Seriously Burned at Trailer Camp An 8 year old girl whose dress Vas seton fire Monday afternoon while she was doing dishes was in serious condition in Park hospital Tuesday morning but hospital attendants said she was holding her own She is Shirley Gallagher daughter of Mr and Mrs James Gallagher who live at the Pennington trailer camp just north of Mason City on high way 65 The young girl suffered 3rd de gree burns when her dress was ablaze after it evidently came in contact with a stove burner She had been heating water todo dishes and apparently had climbed up on a chair to remove the ket tle from the stove As she turned to put the kettle on the table her dress caught fire Both her par entswere away at work She ran from the trailer at tracting the attention of another resident Mrs Bob Roderick The woman tore off the little girls clothes and wrapped her in a blanket She then summoned aid ENTIRE NEW arrows indicate locales of red drives against UN forces in North assault described by Gen Douglas MacArthur as an entire new Retreating UN troops virtually abandoned any front line Near Changjin reser voir a U S marine move to drive west in support of retreating troops was blunted by the reds 200000 Red Troops Pour Through UN Gap Voters to Name 3 Trustees for Sewer District on Dec 8 Voters of the recently estab lished Clear Lake sanitary sewer district on Dec 8 will elect 3 trustees to handle the business of the district it was announced Tuesday by Ray D Bobbins chair man of the county board of super visors The board fixed the election date as required by law and de cided on two voting places in the Clear Lake city hall and Ventura community hall There will be no nominations A ballot will be provided on which voters may write 3 names The 3 receiving the largest number of votes will be declared elected They will take office immediately and serve until January 2 1953 Their successors will be elected at the next biennial election accord Ing to law MacArthur Warns That World Faces New War Tokyo Thousands of Chinese communist troopi from a 200000man army Tuesday poured through a breach in allied lines in Korea threatening to trap retreating U S forces in the northwest Gen MacArthurjin a special communique warned that the noncommunist world faces an entirely new war with red China arid made a veilec request for power Man churian bases He summoned his two top field commanders in an ur gent and secret military confer ence that ran for 4 hours The two were Lt Gen Walton H Walker whose U S 8th army faces an estimated 14 Chinese di visions in the northwest aridMaj Gen KM Almond who said his 10th corps in the northeast was SAME IUc Mtann In 21 under attack by elements of 7 other Chinese divisions No Authority MacArthurs communique is sued at an hourof gravest said he lacked authority to cope with the Chinese communists who mass theirtroops in Man churia immune to aerial assault His cosmopolitan1 8th army of 110000 battlehardened troops was in retreat all along a flam ing 75mile front in northwest Korea His hope of ending the war by Christmas was a shattered dream His hopeful endthewar of fensive launched only 5 days ago had turned into bitter reverses MacArthur said the Chinese are building forces in Manchuriaand pouring them by tens of thousands into battle across an international frontier respected by the UN He estimated 200000 red Chi nese are on the Korean battler fronts and many more are coming from Manchuria Mostly by Chinese The offensive personally launched Friday by General Mac Arthur was smashed mostly by Chinese they had some help from North Koreans They accomplished this feat in 3 savage night attacks The disaster came so swiftly that it will be weeksbefore the whole story is assembled But it was the collapse of twoSouth Korean divi sions that turned the tide of battle against the United Nations forces The Chinese reds gained this victory without air power or artil lery They did it by swarms of night fighting infantry firing mortars machineguns and rifles by infil tration and by outmaneuvering the United Nations field commanders on the ground Eighth army losses have been heavy in manpower and equip ment No Fixed Positions The fighting front Tuesday morning still was fluid with no fixed positions and with some smallunits cut off and others fil tering back through allied lines It would be a softer phrase to say the UN forces are straighten ing their lines or making a stra tegic withdrawal but the blunt truth is the army is being driven back by an enemy obviously much strongerthan had been es timated in Korea Some military men are specu lating that the Chinese may not be satisfied with merely a hold ingoperation to preventthe UN troops fropi reaching the border One Chinese prisoner said he and his battalion were told by their commander that their mis sion was to fight in Korea all win ter to destroy Americans 50000 or 60000 The critical turn inthe fighting came Tuesday morning when the 1st South Korean division re garded as one of the retreating One officer who had been withthe division called ita collapse US Flank Exposed This fallback exposed the entire left flank of the U S 25th division which was being hit hard south of Unsan The reds closed in quickly on the road junction town of Ypng san But the 35th regiment of 4he 25th division managed to get dts leavyequipment out and an ar tillery battalion swung its guns through the town before the reds segan firing on the road outsidje he town There was a similar situation on the right flank of the 2nd infantry division where the South Korean 7th division also fell back before Chinese attacks Train Jumps Track Only One Injured Heath Ohio of the 13 cars of the Cincinnati section of the Pennsylvanias St Louisan passenger train jumped the track west of here early Tuesday with one person reported injured Officials said the section was a doubleunit diesel bound from Cin cinnati to Pittsburgh and operating on B O trackage at the time of the accident One unidentified mail clerk was reported to have the only a skinned knee The state highway patrol said only the last car was left on the tracks although none of the de railed cars were overturned Acheson Asks United Front JP Secretary Acheson gave senate foreign policy leaders a report Tuesday on the crisis in Korea arid pleaded for united backing of iwhatever meas ures the administrationtakes There was agrave atmosphere at the break up of a two hour closeddoor session ofthe senate foreign relations committee with the secretaryof state Some mem bers saidthey regarded the pres ent situation as tremendously threatening to American security Connally Statenifent Acheson himself wouldnot talk with reporters but Chairman Con nally DTex issued astatement which said He Acheson laid stress upon the vital importance of all Amer icans regardless of party uniting 0 support the necessary meas ures It was understood from other sources that Acheson had called the situation in the far east very veryserious He was represented as being concerned with the broader aspects and implications of the situation and fearful that might be prelim inary to an outbreak in western iurope All Take Serious View The extremelyserious view that congressional leaders were taking of thedevelopments was apparent at every hand Senator Hickenlooper RIowa told a reporterthat plans for meeting the new Chinese com munist threat in Korea are nebu I dont believe any concrete de cision has been made yet Hick enlooper added trench Cabinet Resigns After Military Leak Paris French cabinet decided to resign Tuesday night after the national assembly cen ured Defense Minister Jules Moch or his alleged part in an internal icandal Theassembly failed to vote a motion of impeachment which would have sent Moch before a ipecial high court for trial The narrowness of the vote 235 to 203 with 37 abstentions was consid ered acensure by the cabinet which went into immediate ses ion The vote arose over a leak of confidential military and politi al report last year on Indochinese iffairs It became known in France as the affair of the gen rals Red CounterOffensive Develops Grave Picture By JOHN M HIGHTOWER Washington United States Tuesday publiclj charged communist China with aggression in Korea The charge was made by a state department spokesman and immediately backed up by the white house Whatever the state department has done is done witl the knowledge and approva of the president said Pres ident Trumans press secretary Charles G Ross The with th massive counteroffensive of th Chinese hordes in the possibility that an extremel grave chain of events will develop Whether to Bomb Perhaps the most urgent ques tion is whether to bomb com munist transport and supply cen ters in Manchuria and thu carry the war to Chinese soil Th problem clearly embraces the dan ger of an open outbreak of w between China and the Unite States Soviet Russia is allied wit China by treaty President Truman was bein kept fully informed of the grav turn of events in Korea Ross tol reporters He noted that Gen National Security Council Called Washington meeting of the national security council was called for midafternoon Tuesday presumably to discuss the crisis in Korea Vice President Barkley told a reporter the meeting had been called but that he did not know the reason The council amounts to the governments highest policy makingagency Its duties include appraising risks and commitments of the United States in relation to its military power President Truman heads the council Qther members are the vice president the secretary of state the secretary of defense Gen George C Mar and the chairman of the national security resources hoard Stuart W Omar Bradley chairman of th joint chiefs ofstaff would con Eer with the chief executive later n the day and then remain brief a cabinet meeting The aggression charge was Is voiced publicly byi State Depart ment Press Officer Michael J Me Dermott He referred to aspecial communique issued by Gen Douglas MacArthur inTokyo de daring that UN forcesin Kore now face an entirely new war This is aggression by the Chi nese communist regime McDer mott declared Avoided Harsh Charges The United has stayed iff making such an accusationin he hope that an absence of harsh harges might ease the way for a aeaceful settlement through ne otiations with red Chinese au horities Prior to McDermotts public tatemerit the American repre entative atthe United Nations R Austin vas told by telephone that the harge of aggression had been de ermined upon and that he shoulc rge an immediate UN call for vithdrawal of the red China orces on that ground MrTruman was informed of le serious turn at an early hour uesday morning by General Tadley The chairman of the oint chiefs himself was 1st told t a m by Pentagon officers at once notified joint hiefs and then held an early meeting at the Pentagon Ross told reporters he could not map out any course of action rom Mr Trumans point of view The whole thing has just hap ened he said On capital hill Senator Taft R said Tuesday the report rom MacArthur may force the lame duck session of congress stay in Washington through Ihristmas Taft is chairman of the senate rOP policy committee which iscussed the MacArthur a closeddoor session report owas Road Building hare Washington fP The federal overnment has cut up a 00 melon in aid to states and ter tories for road building Shares were awarded by the ublic roads bureau on the basis f area population and road mile ge Iowas share will be f this is for primary ighways for secondary r feeder roads and for rban highways which are portions roads passing through cities bove 5000 population The state highway commission ll designate the projects to be ndertaken Contract awards will e subject to federal approval The money must be used up by June 01954 Austin Questions Red China By MAX HARRELSON Lake Success Unitei States Tuesday charged the Chi nese communists with open an notorious aggression in Korea 1 declared the consequences wer potentially grave and called upor the United Nations and the worl to face the facts squarely In one of the most critical meet ings in the history of the securit council Chief U S Delegate War ren R Austin spoke directly t the representative of red China Wu Hsuichuan who sat at th council table as an invited gues Austin shot a series of bliin questions at Wu He asked Does the Peiping representativ still maintain that the 20000 troops in Korea are entirely volun teers How Long Will the representative tell th security council how long th Peiping regime has been plannin and preparing for this aggression Was all this being done while th Peiping radio was protesting th peaceful intentions of the Peipin regime Wearing headphones Wu lis tened intently but took few note It was generally expected h would ignore Austins questions a well as the charges of aggression Austin called upon the couric to act as promptly as convenient on a 6power resolution demand ing the withdrawal of the Chines communists from Korea He added however that weve been tolc the Soviet Unionwill vote agairis it and that will mean a veto It appearedfrom this remark the United States may be ready to go ahead despite the soviet veto threat This would throw the whole issue into the 60nation general assembly under provisions of the approved Acheson plan foracting when the security council isstalemated by the veto Delays Speech Russias Jacob A Malik delayed the U S speech for more than an hour while a capacity crowd lis tened tensely The soviet move came immedi ately after the United Nations se curity council convened to take up a general debate on both the Ko rean and the Formosan issues A few minutes earlier it was an nounced in Washington that Chief U S Delegate Warren R Austin had been instructed to bring the charges of aggression Austin hastily pre pared speechto include some new sections dealing with the large scale Chinese communist inter vention in Korea Several delegates had before them copies of Gen MacArthurs communique calling for diplomatic action to solve the threat to UN orces in Korea Formal Charge The charge is regarded by this government as having a formal egalistic charging an individual with murder The policy decision now made a sharp drop in hopes for i successful border negotiation vith the red Chinese whichrit was recently have restored complete peace and inde pendence to Korea by the end of he year Austin said he had used the word aggression in his speech on he instructions of Washington He charged the Peiping regime lad persistently strengthened the and of the North Korean commu lists by moral encouragement and military aid Then he added But these things were done overtly Now the Peiping regime penly sends its own fighting units large numbers across the bor er from Manchuria to join battle vith the United Nations These orces immediately attacked the Jnited Nations forces They were rganized equipped and supplied fighting units Their supply ases and reinforcement depots ere protected by the Manchurian frontier which the hited Nations forces respected espite the serious disabilities this practice laid upon their perations YOUTH QUESTIONED Council Bluffs ques oned a 17yearold youth for an our Monday about the slaying of ab Driver George Massouris In estigating officers said they lanned to question him further ut predicted he would fade out the picture AP Wirephoto THE barge rests at the brink of Hudson river dam at Troy NY Monday after breaking loose from the swift current Workmen lashed the barge to locks until tugs could pull it to safety South Carolina Selected for HBomb Site Washington congression al source said Tuesday the atoini energy commission and the E Dupont company have selecte South Carolina as the site for th hydrogen bomb plant This informant asking not to b named said the location chose is inAiken and Barnwellcouritie about 15 miles from the town o TrbmAugusta Ga It is adjacent to the Savannah River and there are about 25000i acres of land in the site The Dupont company had hand in the decision because i was chosen as contractor for the plant Dupont set up the Hanford Wash plant to produce plutoni im used in making the atoml bomb but from its oper ation afterthe war an was Says U S OKs Ambassador to Franco Spain By JAMES E ROPER Washington United States has decided to send ambassador to earned Tuesday The envoy will be StantonGrif fis former U S ambassador to Argentina The formal announce ment is expected early next year Griffis willbe the first S ambassador to set foot in Madrid n 5 years Norman Armour re tired on Dec 31 1945 and has not been replaced The post has been vacant in accordance with a recommenda ion of the United Nations general assembly In a slap at the total tarian government of Generalis simo Francisco Franco the UN roted in 1946 to have all UN nembers withdraw ambassadors rom Madrid With American support the UN also invited the Spanish people o oust Franco but outside crit Cism only strengthened the jeneralissimos position in the of the Spanish people Now the UN has backed down nd revoked its banon ambas adors The United States is go ngalong and more is preparing o grant loans to Spain as part of n economicpolitical effort to nake Spain a valuable partner in western alliance against com munism Griffis a 63yearold Boston an resigned recently as ambas adOr to Buenos Aires a post he ad held a little more than a year n resigning Griffis said he want d a long rest but would be avail ble for further government serv e if needed Sports Bulletins BUMS APPOINT DRESSEN Brooklyn Brooklyn Dodgers made it official Tues day by appointing Chuck Dres scn as manager for a one year term HOLD REUNION Des Moines who have erved as state or county chairmen Iowa during war bond and avings bond drives since 1941 ill hold their annual reunion here uesday night May Extend Butterfat Tax Law Des Moiiies IP The Iowa industry commission said Tuesday it is going to make an effort in the next legislature to extend the butterf at tax law to the entire months of May and June At present the one cent a pound tax paid by the producer is col lected mandatorily during the4st 15 days of June beetrasked3 lorseveraljxearsftop contribute similarly on a voluntary basis during half of June Some have dope so The collections and contribu tions have been funning about a year The money is used to promotesales of butter and for research on dairy products The commission will begin its campaign for the extension in a series of 8 meetings next month Members of the 1951 legislature producers and processors have been invited to attend The meetings will be at Dyers vflle Dec 5 Waterloo Dec 5 Ana mosa Dec 7 Postville Dee 8 Charles City Dec 12 Mason City Dec 13Emmetsburgpecl4 and Sheldon Dec 15 The legislature convenes Jan 8 Frank Barker commission di rector said the purpose of meetings is to familiarize legisla ors with the neededdairy Nation v Anotherlegislativeobjective of he commission isan appropriation o financemarketnews service on butter arid other dairy products Efficiency Plus Bay City 3Iich Sedgeirian and Lloyd Love have ourid a save tirite attheir filling station They roller skate while servicing cars Tools and equipment are arranged so they can be picked up as the attend ant whizzes by Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday Low Tuesday night about 10 High Wednesday36 owa Cloudy east fair west Tues day night and Wednesday Low Tuesday night 10 to 20 High Wednesday 22 to 28 northeast 30 to 35 south and west Winds variable 10MPH Wednesday Further outlook Thursday siderable cloudiness arid alittle warmer High Thursday 30 ta34 pwa 5Bay Weather Outlook Temperatures will average 4tp 8 degrees below nonriaL cipitation will be light averag ing onetenth to t otenths inches Cold throughout the next 5 dayswith coldestdays Wednesday and Thursday Some moderation Friday and Satur day Colder Sunday Precipita tion occurring as snow mainly on Saturday Normal high near 40 Normal low near 22 linnesota Mostly cloudy Tues day night and Wednesday light snow near Lake Superior and extreme north Warmer north west portion Low Tuesday night 515 High Wednesday 2025 IN MASON CiTV GlobeGazette weather statis cs for the 24 hours ending at a m Maximum 20 Minimum 9 At 8 a m is STEAK AGO Maximum M Minimum u ;