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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 28, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP DEPARTMENT OF HISTOSV AKO ARCHIVES OES WO IKES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL U Associated Press and United Press Full Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY NOVEMBER 88 1944 This Paper Consists of Two On NO 43 YANK TROOPS SMASH TO ROER RIVER Jap Columns Drive Deeper Into China YANKS BRITISH WILL LEAVE 2 CENTRAL AREAS Revenge Seeking Jap Planes Are Shot Down on Marianas Islands By LEONARD M1LUMAN Associated Press War Editor Americans and British were or dered to evacuate the central China provinces of Kweichow and Hunan Tuesday in the face of menacing Japanese columns driv ing deeper into China Further American air victories were reported over the Pacific where torrential tropical rains washed out ground fighting Revenge seeking Japanese fighter planes made Z bombing and strafing attacks on Saipan Marianas island base from which B29 Superforts have twice been sent against Tokyo Thirteen Zeros were shot down Front line dispatches indicated this w a s nearly the entire force making the 2nd strike in broad daylight Damage inflicted to the 21st bomber command base was not disclosed Revised figures from Adm Chester W Nimitz added 2 more Japanese ships sunk and23 dam aged to the toll taken by carrier planes striking last Saturday Philippines time at the Manila bay area The total of 48 surface least temporarily knocked out in that raid included a cruiser 3 destroyers a destroyer escort 13 other ships and 2 luggers deli nitely sunk Eightyrseven Japa Vneses planes were fnrithis month carrier planes have knocked out 151 enemy vessels in the Manila area To the south Gen Douglas Mafc Arthur reported heaviest bombing raids yet on Japanese airfields on Cebu Negros and Mindano is lands Eight enemy Interceptors were shot down Little opposition was encount ered by B29s from Saipan and India striking simultaneously Monday at Tokyos industrial wa terfront and Bangkoks important railway yards Six Interceptors were brought down over Bangkok bombardiers reported ex cellent hunting in perfect weather Heavy clouds forced American airmen id use precision bombing over Tokyo and prevented obser vation of results No Superforts were lost on either flight Tokyo radioreported flying Japanese columns have driven more than B miles into province of central China on their way toward Kweiyang pro vincial capital and the Burma road The Chinese acknowledged 1 force enveloped Hochih 140 miles southeast ot Kweiyang A 2nd column advanced from Poa ching in Hunan Fall of Weiyang would endan ger Chungking 200 miles to the northwest Rip German Supplies Back of Front Line London T At least 1000 RAF heavy bombers in predawn raids Tuesday hurled some 4000 tons of explosives on Neuss and Freiburg German supply centers just back of the western front as the sustained 72 hour assault on nazi frontline rail and supply centers continued Freiburg lies behind the Mul houseKoImar sector where the French first army and the Ameri can 7th army are pressing up to the western bank of the Rhine American heavy bombers attacked German rail movements at Offen burg north of Freiburg Monday B29S TAILGUN LOADED FOR TOKYO caliber ammunition for the tail gun of a B29 Superfortress is loaded at Saipan U S Marianas base for a Tokyo raid The ammunition is so heavy it requires several men to handle it Mosquitos raided ing the night Berlin dur RUSSIAN DRIVE SLOWED DOWN BY SNOW SLEET Capture of 50 More Hamlets in Slovakia Reported by Russians M o s c o w h e heaviest snowfall of the year following a severe sleet storm slowed down action Tuesday in the battle for Budapest German and Hungarian troops were occupying defense positions alone a 26 mile curve from the southern of Budapest to the rail junction of Aszod on the northeast front advices said The Russian command made no mention of progress on that front although reports here said the situation in the Hungarian capi 1 Out of 3 Homes in Britain Destroyed Damaged in War London disclosed Tuesday her story of 5 years of war years that have cost 733030 casualties including 136116 civil HALIFAX VISITS and most oE the treasury of our grandfathers A 60 page white paper gave parliament the statistical storyof Englands conversion into a fac fortress her De Gaulle Arrives in Teheran En Route to Moscow to See Stalin London De Gaulle has arrived in Teheran on his way to Moscow for talks with Marshal Stalin the Ankara radio reported Monday night Long range measures of keep ing Germany permanently in her place are understood to be first on the agenda for the Moscow dis cussions a Paris dispatch said A possible treaty between France and Russia was seen as another topic Returns to Chicago Stresses Friendship Moines his ac tions tohis words Lord Halifax British ambassador who listed AngloAmerican friendship in his talks as an important cornerstone of any permanent postwar peace plan spent 16 hours Monday in Des Moines and on nearby farms talking and visiting with lowans A tour of 3 Dallas county farms in the afternoon concluded the full day visit ot Halifax who with his wife and son Lt Rich ard Wood 24 left Monday night for Chicago to continue trips scheduled later this week into Illinois and Wisconsin Farms visited by Halifax and his party which included Gov B B Hickenlooper were those of Stewart Elson 6 miles west of Des Moines barrel Dye near Waukee and Scott Ellis near Dallas Center During the farm tour Mrs Halifax inspected the first WAC training center at Fort Des Moines Halifax showed considerable in terest in cattle reeding operations and landlordtenant relationships and plied his farmer hosts with many questions The tour was ar ranged by Howard Hill vice president ot the Iowa Farm Bureau Federation and Gov Hickenlooper At one farm while examining a product for which Iowa is fa mous Lord Halifax asked the governor what it was Thats an ear of corn said Hickenlooper Allies Continue With Small Gains in Italy More Rains Reported Rome troops of the 8th army have driven most of the Germans from the Lamone rivers east bank to positions on the op posite side in the Albereto region 5 miles northeast of Faenza allied headquarters said Tuesday New rainfall brought fresh mud to the front Southwest of Faenza patrols crossed the Lamone and estab lished contact with the Germans on high ground beyond On the eastern sector ofthe 5th army front Indian troops push ing northwest ol Modigliana against slight opposition captured Casals less than 10 miles south of Faenza Buy yonr War Bonds and Stamps from yonr GlobeGazette carrier bay We do not grow this kind corn at all the Englishman plied of Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Tues day night and Wednesday with occasional light snow starting Tuesday and turning to rain at intervals Wednesday after noon slowly rising tempera tures lowest temperature Tues day night in Mason City 22 Iowa Occasional light snow rath er cold Tuesday night and Wed nesday Thursday generally fair and cold Minnesota Occasional light snow Continued cold Tuesday night and Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 23 Minimum Monday night 19 At 8 a m Tuesday 23 Powdery snow which started Tuesday morning fell throughout the day YEAR AGO Maximum 31 Minimum 17 lier losses It ajjnpunced one c Monies in Britain hasbeen destroyed or damaged Minister of Information Brendan Bracken told a press conference total war effort of the population of Great Britain is reater than that of any other bel ligerent We have not attempted to mulct the British Empire Can ada is the only Empire country from which we have received re verse lend lease With all the other dominions we have made finan cial arrangements much less favor able to ourselves than the United States Bracken saying the Victorians were proud to be called a nation of shopkeepers declared there never have been such shopkeepers as the British No shopkeepers ever before sold out their entire stocks in order to fight We have sacrificed most of our Victorian inheritance What was the treasure of our grandfathers has gone and it has been well anc gladly sacrificed The White paper reported tha more than a third of all British men between 14 and 64 are in armed farces and that nearly hal of the countrys women between 14 and 59 are in uniform or in in dustry By the end of last year Grea Britain lost 11500000 gross Ions o shipping twothirds of the ton nage she had when war broke ou in 1D39 Civilian casualties through las Sept 3 included 57293 killed Cas ualties among the armed force totaled 563112 with 176081 killed In addition 29629 merchant sea man have been killed and 4173 in terned Reviewing the financial cost o war the white paper said govern mental expenditures have jumpe from in 1938 to 523 000000000 in 1943 It pointed to sharply Increase tax rates and heavy borrowing adding that although the govern ment has in this way been abl to raise the money needed for th prosecution of the war th consequences on the cconomt structure of the country have bee farreaching In addition to war damage a home the white paper said th nation has sold assets abroa amounting to an has added 59200000000 in foreig debts DRY DECLARES TEACHER SLAIN Victim of Companion May Face Murder Count Rochester Minn ilberson57 Minneapolis possible murder indictmentTuesday when special Olmsted county grand ufy meets to consider the eath of her former roommate nd bosom friend in a hotel here A coroners jury Monday held hat the victim Minnie M bagen 60 another kindergarten eacher came to her death by translation at the hands of someone other than herself Miss Gilberson who had roomed vith Miss Easthageri for nearly 16 years in a Minneapolis suburb vas one of the last persons to see he victim alive They came to Rochester together on Nov 18 to seek medical treatment at the Mayo clinic Miss Easthagcns ody was found the following Tuesday in the hotel room the two had occupied Olmsted CountyAlly Thomas JScanlan questioned 14 witnesses VIonday at the inquest Miss Gil oerson who has been held by the police without bail for a week was not present A M Nelson assistant police chief testified that it was Mayor irassi who had urged Miss Gil Derson to cleanse her soul by admitting the slaying Nelson said Lhat whenMiss Gilberson saw Miss Easthagens body at the morgue she cried Why did I do it I know I did it but I didnt do it knowingly Dr Archie B Baggenstos Mayo clinic pathologist testified that Easthagens death was due to strangulation by external means possibly by some other person Defense Atty Donald Morgan Minneapolis asked if death could have been due to natural causes Its possible the doctor replied but that would not explain ev erything William Lemmon cab driver who brought Miss Gilberson back to Minneapolis told of her fears and hesitancy in leaving Koch ester I hate to leave my dear old friend he quoted her as saying during the trip back Albert Kos Rochester detective who took Miss Gilbertson from the Hennepins county sheriffs of fice to Rochester also quoted her as saying My dear friend is gone If she were here she would know I wouldnt do anything to harm her The two middleaged school teachers lived at 4206 Branson Neuss is far to the north in the Dusseldorf area and is a junction point for rail lines to Aachen Cologne and Gladbach where the British 2nd army and the U S first and 9th armies are engaged American fighter pilots shot down 98 German planes Monday in the greatest allfighter air bat tle of the war and destroyed an other 4 on the ground bringing their kills for 24 hours to 212 The total for the entire U S 8th air force including bomber gun ners thus was raised to at least 239 German fighters downed for that period Thirteen American lighters and one bomber were missing from Mondays operations The fighter plane battle in volving some 500 U S Mustangs against more than 400 German FockeWulfs and Messerschmitts took place while the Americans were strafing airports and mili tarytransport centers in north west Germany tal was tense The soviet war bulletin how ever reported capture of 50 ad ditional hamlets in the puppet state of Slovakia Red army col umns in a 6 mile penetration of northern Slovalcia crossed the 2 700 foot Carpathian mountains along the Polish frontier Other units in the south advanced to within 11 miles of the big north Hungarian rail center of Satoral jaujholy Bomb Dump Blast Takes Heavy Toll BurtononTreiit England ff of the death toll in Mondays explosion of an RAF underground bomb dump still ranged from 20 to more than 250 Tuesday A former British army officer declared enough bombs for hundreds of major raids on Germany were detonated in the blast Scores of persons simply have disappeared and until we can check up on them we are unable to say whether they are dead or alive a Burton policeman said The British Press association said the toll might mount to 250 or more One bomb burst and lie rusli of air apparently acted as a de tonator for all the bombs in the dump situated near Burton This detonating wave underground caused the earthquake effect felt several miles away driving many persons to air raid shelters Thus Col Gen Ivan Petrovs army widened its 4th Ukraine BELGIAN PREMIER British Tanks Guard Belgian Parliament Brussels tanks and steel helmeted troops guard the Belgian parliament Tuesday as the chamber of deputies gave Premier Hubert Pierlot a vote of confidence Streetcar workers had struck several hours earlier demanding resignation of the Pierlot govern ment and columns of marchers were reported converging on the tense capital to join in a national day of protest Wednesday against Pierlpts regime British troops set out to disarm one column of 600 marchers from Mons First reports said 200 per sons of the Mons delegation had surrendered arms without a struggle The chamber of deputies voted 116 to 12 for Pierlots bill vesting him with extraordinary powers Just before the vote was an front to 75 miles from a point west of Dukla pass in the north down to the Hungarian frontier and further imperilled the enemy strongholds of Presov and Kassa Red army units only 25 miles to the east already men ace those 2 points For 2 months Russian divisions ind units of the 1st Czechoslovak ian army have been trying to force Dukla pass by a frontal blow The assault from the rear by Petrovs troop s promised to better his supply lines to red bases in Po land A broadcast Romanian commu nique recorded by the FCC said Romanian troops renewing their attack northwest of Tokaj in northeastern Hungary had cap tured Bekecs 12 miles northwest Southwest of Miskolc and north east Budapest tanksupported enemy counterattacks were re pulsed by Romanian and soviet troops the communique added The Berlin radio said soviet troops who had crossed o the west bank of the Danube at Ba tina and Apatin in northern Yu goslavia had forced the Germans back a mile or more This oper ation not yet confirmed by Mos cow was seen by the Germans as an attempt to take Budapest from the rear 3 FOUND DEAD IN IOWA TRAILER Mother 2 Children Asphyxiation Victims Newell inquest wil be held Tuesday into the deaths of Mrs Everett Potter and 2 o her children who were asphyxi ated in their trailer house Mon day with cooking gas according to Coroner J J Taylor Storm Lake The dead children were Luell Mae 6 and Edward 3 A 3n child Everett Jr 4 was revived Taylor said The coroner said the womai and children were found in th trailer at the east edge of Newe by Mrs George Schroeder neighbor woman Thewoma andgirl were lying on a stud couch Taylor reported and the boys were found on the floor Mrs Schroeder called Dr J A Armstrong who was able t revive the 4 year old boy the cor oner said He said Mrs Potte apparently was preparing t wash A large boiler of water found on the blow gas stov which used bottled gas Two burners of the stove wer found open Taylor said but no burning He said 1 theory ha been advanced that the water ha boiled over unnoticed putting ou the flames Working at Spencer Potter di not learn of the death of his wif and 2 children until returnin home Monday night shortly afte the tragedy had been discovers Encounter Difficulty Trying to Release Boy 2 From Bathroom Denver Colo IP After the knob came off when Grandfather Hyman Meyers tried to release his nounced Pierlot told the chamth ber of deputies that his govern1 merit would not resign in the 2 year old grandson Richard from e bathroom he ran outside of demonstrations He declared a demonstration scheduled for Tuesday night by the communist newspaper Le Drapeau Rouge would be banned and that unless it refrained from Drovocalive activities steps would taken against the newspaper 1 County Without Sheriff Through Legal Quirk St Lonis Jegal quirk left St Louis county without a sheriff or deputies but lawen forcement continued Tuesday Sheriff Arnold J Willmann re signed to comply with the law that he must be sworn in 20 days after he was elected coroner The county court ordered him to en force the laws as coroner So his 75 deputies resigned and took the oath as deputy coroners ave Morningside and both were on sick leave from their respec tive teaching positions Miss East hagens body was discovered after a Minneapolis physican called Rochester authorities with the in formation that Miss Gilberson had told him her friends body was in the hotel room IOWAN ON KAID Superfortress Base Saipan Mar ianas Islands C B Rob inson Central City Iowa was a crew member of one of the Super fortresses which raided Tokyo Monday Col Walter C Sweeney Jr leader of this B29 mission flew in the same plane itself pane climbed in That was the wrong room He threw another brick This time he stepped into the right place but the inside knob came off at his lug Mrs Meyers summoned the po lice and they were hour and a half later Brussels Streetcar Workers Strike in Protest to Pierlot Brussels work ers struck Tuesday demanding resignation of the Pierlot govern ment and the million residents of this Belgian capital had only foot transportation Molorrnen conductors track men and repairmen all quit work in what was described as a gen eral strike throughout toe pri vatelyowned Brussels Tram sys tem There was no immediate indi cation that the strike was spread ing to other industries USH THROUGH NAZI DEFENSES NEAR COLOGNE Wholesale German Retreats North South of Strasbourg Reported London AP Americana n the drenched Cologne plain REACHED the Roer river uesday and drove up to a nile into intricate German defenses along the flooded tream while infantry of the Jrd army advanced within 10 miles of Saarbrucken arsenal capital of the Saar The German radio an nounced wholesale retreats oth north and south of Strasbourg Tuesday night The enemy said the U S 3rd and 7th armies were pushing armies1 into the Saar from a rench triangle along the Rhine southeast of Hagenau and north of Strasbourg Relentless enemy pressure south the RhineRhone canal has led to a planned withdrawal to shorten our ines Berlin said of the flight below the Alsatian city Surging1 forward in pre dawn blackness 1st army in fantry of Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges fought into the streets of Indenand Jungers dorf and close to Latnersdorf The U S 9th army reached the Roer at Kirchberg 23 miles from Cologne and less than a mile across the muddy Roer from the citadel jsf Julicb A French broadcast asseriint thai French units of the IT S 7th army had crossed the Rhine north of Strasbourg had no confirma tion The nearest 3rd army approach to Saarbrucken sprawling steel and coal center was at captured Seirigbouse to the southwest First army troops won 2thirds of Langerweho last important enemy communications point west ot the Roer German defenses in that village 5 miles from Duren appeared to be breaking up Other men of the first army fought in the streets Grosshau and for the last third of the forest battle field town of Hurtgen Fairly clear skies allowed planes to attack tanks and artillery po sitions all along the critical 18 mile front before Cologne between Linnich and Duren They struck farther back on the Cologne plain shooting up trains and fortified houses The town of Pier was set afire The battle aim of Gen Eisen hower was the destruction of the German army and his counter part Marshal von Rundstedf was forced to commit new reserves in the past 24 hours Probably 8 or 9 tank divisions are bracing the enemy lines in this sector Below Strasbourg the 7th and French 1st armies were consolidat ing and denning out the Vosges mountains and Alsace plain Maj Gen Ralph Hoycc commander of the U S first tactical air force said 28 Rhine bridges were avail able to the Germans between Strasbourg and Switzerland and AFL Votes to Ignore Rebuff From CIO Renew Unity Efforts JTew Orleans Ameri can Federation of Labor voted Tuesday to ignore the rebuff from the CIO and the United Mine workers and to renew AFL ef forts to bring the 2 organizations back into the parent federation The convention action was taken by the 600 delegates after William Green had offered to re sign the AFL presidency if neces sary to restore labor solidarity If it becomes necessary for me to leave the AFL presidency to restore unity Green told the AFL convention I am willing to go 7 Awakened by Cat Kittens Flee Fire Florence Ala of a mother cat and her 5 kittens awakened Mrs Raymond McFall h e r 5 children a n d a brother They found their house in flames but managed to escape The cat and kittens burned to death Bay your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy WHERE ALLIES EDGE TOWARD troops gained beyond Geilen kirchen as Americans fought in Koslar andcaptured Frenz in a slow advance toward Co logne To the south other Yanks drove into Hurtgen Heavy line is approximate battle front ;