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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 27, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTOKY ANO ARC OES I A COM THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LI Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY lOWAl MONDAY NOVEMBER 27 1944 This Paper CotislsU ol Two SccllmisScclion One NO 42 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mason City Sunday p in WOI Monday p m KHMO Hannibal Tuesday p m K5CJ Sioux City Wednesday p ro tVSUI Iowa City Wednesday p m KKCD Spencer Friday tils p m Another Tale of Two Cities GREAT is the contrast in physical appearance between presentday London and present day Paris In London damage wrought by blitz bombs and robot bombs is everywhere In Paris except the industrial suburbs and airports you have to look lor the marks of war And when you find them they take the form of shopwindows that have been penetrated by ma chine or tommygun bullets in the final days of the nazi occupa tion of that great French capital city damage that could be re paired in a few hours Paris including its women is still worlds most beautiful city Its great series of artistic bridges still span the Seine Eiffel tower still stands The louvre and the government buildings have been untouched by the war or by enemy occupation I arrived there late on a Sunday afternoon just 8 days after the Germans had been driven out by the Free French and jnostly Americans I might add With me was an American army captain and 3 other newspaper a Londoner one a Bra zilianand my midwestern col league Fred Christopherson of the Sioux Falls S Dak Argtis Leader Because he could speak French fluently we made our Brazilian friend the official pathfinder oE our group He got us gloriously lost He could speak French but lie couldnt speak English well enough to transmit to our driver the directions obtained by him ffom French natives along the way The result was that we came into Paris on streets which had not previously been passed over by Americans Along these main thoroughfares Americans were already but in this unexplored territory xve were welcomed as conquering heroes It was quite a thrill for me an innocent untraveled edi tor from the landlocked middle west Eventually however we ar rived at the Scribe an appropri ately named hotel which had al ready been set aside for war cor respondents During nazi occupa tion it bad been used by Her man Goering and the German lultwaffe As I walked down its long unlighted corridors I half expected a hidden nazi to pounce on me But none ever did AN immense throng oC Parisian Sunday afternoon promenad ers lined the streets as we came YANKS GAIN IN HARD FIGHTING B29s Bomb Tokyo Again BANGKOK ALSO TARGET IN RAID BY SUPERFORTS 30 Nipponese Ships Are Sunkin Scattered Yank Air Assaults down into central Paris to the region of the famed Champs Elysees with its historic Arc de Triomphe They were laughing and gay They were just com pleting their first week of libera tion When just a week before I left London the robot planes were dropping their lethal loads on that great city And throughout the 7 days during which I had been working my toward Paris I hod been feeling a sense of pre cious in spite of the fact that I was ever so much closer io the actual battlefrort than I had been in London The BULLETIN Washington one Su perfortress was lost to the enemy as the twin commands of the newly extended B29 armada smashed Monday at the Tokyo industrial waterfront and vital railroad yards in Bangkok in Jap anese occupied Thailand By LEONARD MILL1MEN Associated Press War Editor Sizable squadrons of Super forts bombed Tokyo and Thailand during daylight Monday in an un precedented B29 double strike as reports on other widely scattered American air raids said 30 Jap anese ships ranging from a cruiser to luggers were sunk and 18 others damaged The 21st bomber command sent B29s from Saipan in their 2nd raid in 4 days against Tokyo war industries while the 20th bomber command hurled a substantial force of Snperforts from India bases at strategic targets in Bang kok capital of Thailand It was the 1st coordinated ac tion of the 2 B29 commands A Japanese imperial comrnuni iue said about 40 Superforts from Saipan raided Tokyo and other industrial areas of Honshu is land to the west and south for more than an hour and a half The big bombers came over at 1 p m Tokyo Bombardiers were handicapped by a drizzling rain and lowhanding clouds Jap anese propagandists said They reiterated their customary claim that only slight damage was done Tokyo radio reported 40 Super forts struck at Bangkok blindly bombing the city outskirts caus ing some damage It asserted one B29 was shot down V e r n Haugland Associated Press war correspondent on Sai pan reported that the 21st bomber command has a great potential of Supcrforts and personnel Most of Mondays crews he said were making their initial light over Japan He reported this forma tion was about the same size as Fridays which Tokyo said in cluded about 70 Superforts Of the 2 Superforts lost Friday one spiralcd into the sea with its crew of 11 still aboard after an interceptor crashed into it shear ing off the tail The crew of the other BZ9 was rescued from the ocean north of Saipan 18 VESSELS SUNK IX MANILA BAY RAID Topping other air raids was last Saturdays Manila time carrier B29s RAID Bomb ing distance between Saipan in the Marianas base of B29 Superforts which bombed Tokyo iu a daylight raid is shown on map Stettinius Nominated Secretary of State by F R to Succeed Hull BULLETIN Washington Roosevelt nominated Undersecretary Edward R Stettinius Jrto be secretary of state Two and a half hours after accepting the resignation of Secretary f State Hull because of ill health the president sent the name of Stettinius to the senate as Hulls successor Mr Roosevelt had disclosed that Halls resignation would become iffective upon the appointment of a successor BULLETIN Washington Roosevelt Monday nominated Maj Patrick J Hurley to be United States ambassador to China Hur ey onetime republican secretary of war has been serving as trouble shooter for Mr Roosevelt in various parts of the world since Pearl Harbor He already is in China where he went this summer with for mer War Production Chief Donald M Nelson to help revamp the Chinese war effort Washington Roosevelt announced Monday the resig nation of Secretary of State Cordell Hull It will become effective the chief executive said upon the appointment of s successor On the Halifax Visits Iowa Praises Work of Hull Des Moiues Sec retary of State Cordell Hull for his character integrity and grasp of great issues Lord Halifax British ambassador to the United States Monday expressed his re gret that illness compelled Hull t Ihave seen him all moments in all stages of the wa days and gray days an good Ive never one seen his determination or his courage or his resolution flarei for 1 moment the ambassado told a news conference He described Hull as a grea public servant to his country am a great example to the statesmen of any re spected known and trusted robot bombs really had me down Imagine my dismay then when after checking in at the Scribe hotel I began hearing the Ger man propaganda broadcasts beamed at Paris In effect this is What was being said If you people in Paris could know what lies in store for you tonight yours would be a de serted city by sundown What has been visited upon London is noth ing compared with what is goin to happen to Paris It caused me to think in terms of robot bombs I didnt like it So I decided to question a Par isian newspaperman who had supper at the table with me in the Scribes dining hall Think nothing of it he coun seled Its just another nazi bluff After 3 years with em we wouldnt believe em even if we knew they were telling the truth seemed to give me the assurance I needed for I de cided to take a moonlight stroll down along the Seine past LOpera past the famed cafe de la Paix past the Louvre art gal lery and into the Place de la Con corde where once French blood ran freely from the guillotine Once Paris was known as the city of taxis Today not one is to te seen There arc bicycles by the thousands and hundreds of thou sands But the only motor vehicles on the streets are American trucks and jeeps and a few raid on Manila Bay and adjacent sectors oE Luzon island Eighteen vessels were sunk They included a previously damaged cruiser and a destroyer and ranged down to 2 luggers The attackers also wiped out 72 Japanese planes and dam aged ground installations Two more Japanese convoys in volving 4 transports and 3 small cargo ships were wiped out Sat urday and Sunday as they tried to run 2000 troops and supplies to LORD HALIFAX visit to Iowa Lord Halifax accompanied by Lady Halifax and their son Lt RichardWood was in Iowa for a I day visit scheduled to include conferences with the states labor leaders and visits to 3 Iowa farms They will return to Chicago Mon day night and spend the remain der of the week in Illinois and Wisconsin reinforce raindrenched L e y t e island Altogether the Nipponese have sacrificed 5 convoys 33 ships Concerning the war Lord Hali fax said the end of the European war surely was in sight but em phasized that there remained the Japanese war into which we with you will throw all our un divided weight Before we get there let us make no mistake about the tough job in finishing the European war he cautioned The Germans are fighting very hard and our armies are fighting under condi and 17000 soldiers in these rein forcement attempts Most of the other ships hit wers bombed in the central Philippines or off Borneo One was hit in a Japanese port on Honshu by a B29 that couldnt reach Tokyo Friday another during repeated raids on the Bonin islands along the bomb er route to Japan Two cruisers were damaged and sub chaser sunk in the south China sea off IndoChina by the U S 14th air force These raids by Liberators show that Maj Gen Claire Chennaults airmen can still harass coastal shipping despite the admitted loss of Nanning last forward American air base in south China It was the 7th airbase to be abandoned to Japanese armies which have bisected China and are now threatening to drive on the Burma road in interior Kwei chow province An imperial com munique claimed Nipponese have penetrated Lungkingkwan which is considered the southern gate to French made cars bearing the im provised insignia of the F F I French of the Interior Kweichow province Strangely different was this from my last time in Paris when the highpitched honks from taxi1 War Bonds and question of a successor loosevelt had nothing to say The president told an informal news conference that it was with and deep regret that he was announcing that Hull was quitting he cabinet But he said the 73 year old Tennessean would re main in close touch with him act ing as an adviser on foreign policy Hulls health is the reason for his giving up his cabinet post in these important times and lifting his hand from machinery now be ing assembled to perpetuate peace The information that Hull had handed in his resignation was given to the Associated Press Sunday night by a high govern ment officialwho asked that his name not be lised The president saw Hull Sunday at the naval hospital at Bethesda Md where he has been a patient for o weeks and told him then that he felt under the circum stances he should accept the res ignation The chief executive declared that Hulls doctors told the sec retary and Hull felt that his complete recovery from a long ill ness would be retarded if he con tinued to bear the responsibilities of his cabinet portfolio Hull feels Mr Roosevelt re ported that it also would not be right for the country if he were to remain on the job As for a man to fill the state department position Mr Roose velt said her had nothing more to say He gave no indication wheth er an appointment might be ex pected soon or somewhat later on However backers of James F Byrnes Henry A Wallace anc Edward R Stettinius lined up Monday to have their favorites made the next secretary state The president noted Monday that Hull was coming along al right physically but that it was a long process of recovery He re called that it was necessary 2 o 3 years ago for the secretary ti spend several months in Florida Ho had to think of the secre tarys recovery and take officia responsibilities off his shoulder his time the president said But Hull will be in and aroum Washington he added He had bit of difficulty describing ii what capacity Hull would contin ue to serve bat said he supposet reporters could put it that would be as advisor on foreign policy Acting Secretary of State Stet inius had luncheon with Mr Roosevelt Monday shortly afte the while house announcemen Stettinius earlier had cancelle Continued an Fate 2 Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy tions that I suspect have tobe seen to be fully appreciated The ambassador emphasized the importance of accelerated w a r production and said the faster it could be rolled out the shorter would be the war and the fewer casualties In the united kingdom Great Britain and northern for every man woman and child in 68 has been wounded killed or is missing Lord Halifax said Before beginning his news con ference Lord Halifax asked to be introduced personally to each re porter Throughout the confer ence he smoked a cigaret in long black holder The tall am bassador was wearing a black suit blue striped shirt and black tie EDWARD R STETTINIUS JR by F R is own scheduled noon news con erence The news ol Hulls resignatioi was made momentous by the higi place he has won in the esteem o Americans and of the world For example when Chairma onnally DTexas of the sen ate foreign relations committe was told of it he said It is tragic that Secretary Hu is retiring He has made a grea secretary His outstandin achievements toward world peac remain a monument to his sen ice The nation and the worl have suffered a tremendous los in his resignation1 Byrnes 65yearold chief of wa mobilization appeared to be th congressional favorite for the sec retaryship Chairman George D Ga of the senate finance commi tee remarked for example tha Byrnes could do more to hold th situation in shape than anybod else Vice President Wallace has ready gone on several foreig missions for Mr Roosevelt H latest trip carried him to Chin and Siberia just before the dem cratic convention Acting Secretary of Stale Ste tinius has not had the congre sional contacts Byrnes has en joyed but CAPTIVE GERMANS CARRY sol diers captured somewhere OH the western front carry a Red Cross flag and a wounded comrade as they march to the rear Associated Press wirephoto Kayenay engraving 94 Nazi Planes Downed in 2nd Day of Big Air Fights least 94 Germanfighterswereshotdown Monuay the 2ndconsecutive day of big air battles over the reich as American war planes swept almost to lin and heavy bombers got in licks in the frontline battle Five hundred American fight ers part of a 1300plane force which bombed and strafed nazi rail road and air targets met an almost equal number of German FockeWulfs and Messerschmitts on a sweep within 70 miles of Berlin Furious air battles developed in the Magdeburg Munsler and Brunswick areas as the lowfly ingraiders swooped on targets nil over northwestern Germany The 94 enemy planes brought down raised the total in 2 days to 226 An eighth air force spokesman said it was the first time the Ger man air force had been ordered into the air to do battle in such strength against a purely fighter force Five hundred Fortresses and Lib erators meanwhile were smashing at rail targets at Otfenburg 10 miles southeast of Strasbourg and Bingen 15 miles west of Mainz without meeting opposition They followed an RAF pre dawn attack by 270 Lancaster on Munich ill which fitnn blorkbust ers were scattered on a German industrial city for lie time Both Rhine valley rail centers are vital to German forces bal ding the American fhird and sev enth and the French first armies on the southern sector of the west ern front More than 250 Mustangs escorted the bombers and 500 other Mus tangs and Thunderbolts ranged they believed his appointment fo over the Ruhr with machineguns succeed Hull could be confirmed Dazing The American attacks followed i prcdawn assault by RAF Lan nsters on Munich and a big air laltle Sunday in which approxi mately 450 German fighters rose to fight off 1800 American bomb ers and fighters assaulting the nazi natural oil refinery at Mis burg in a campaign which has showered nearly 7000 tons of bombs on German oil facilities in in the senate Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy CORDELL HULL hi Cabinet Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Mon day night and Tuesday Kot much change in temperature Lowest Monday night in Mason City 20 Iowa Mostly cloudy through Tues day night Occasional light snow northwest Monday night and north Tuesday Shippers forecast North 20 south 25 Minnesota Cloudy and rather cold with scattered snow flurries Monday night and Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 32 Minimum Sunday night 17 At 8 a m Sunday 17 YEAR AGO Maximum 35 Minimum 20 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 35 Minimum Saturday night 31 At 8 a m Sunday 31 Snow ii inch of the enemy planes were shot down including 1G by bomber umicrs Thirtysix bombers and 6 Amer ican fighters were lost in the Sun day fight First reports said 50 vere lost but 1 bomber and 7 fighters later turned up safe ati friendly bases ASSAULT NAZIS ONLY 24 MILES FROM COLOGNE Langerwehe Hurtgen and Frenz Captured in American Advance London a storm if hard and bloody fighting st army Americans smashed Monday into the center of langenvehe miles from Cologne and last major Ger man road center west of the looded Roer river At dusk he infantry was slugging it ut with the nazis there louse to house To the south Lt Gen eorge S Pattons 3rd army nfantry drove through the rench Lorraine road center of St Avoid Their advance 2 miles east of St Avoid placed them within 17 miles of sprawling Saarhrucken one of Germanys great coal steel and rail centers The Germans had fought stubbornly for the important communications t o w n 18 miles west Saareguemines but withdrew Sunday night allowing the foot sloggers to enter unopposed The 3rd army widened ils front inside the German Saar basin to 19 miles The first army burst finally into the forest battlefield town of Hurtgen also and captured Frenz 25 miles from Cologne Langcrwche is 15 miles east the German frontier in American hands entered Kleinnau a Hurigen for es I loim 2 miles o the northeast Frenz is 14 miles inside Ger many and north of the highway leading through threatened Dur eu to the great Rhineland city Troops stood 4 miles of Duron The 3rd nrmy widened its front in the Saav basin lo 19 miles and poured tanks guns and infantry through breaches aimed 48 hours Latest reports Monday said 132 Prccip 23 inch F R MAY 60 ON VACATION Washington fP President Roosevelt disclosed Monday that he might go away on a vacation and asserted that he might sur prise everybody Answering a news conference question he said he might go to most any point north east south or west and that his plans were somewhat in a state of flux Without any amplification he added he might surprise every one Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobcGazcttc carrier boy BATTLES OIS7 THE WESTERN7 indicate action on the western front heavy In the Aachen sector British 2nd army forces met German counter attacks northeast of Geilenkirchen the U S 9th army drove ahead and the 1st army pushed forward The 3rd army was across the Saar north of Sarrefaourg ;