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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 26, 1945, Mason City, Iowa OtfAUTMENT Of t J NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME LH THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wire Five Cents a Copy One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mtsgn Ctly Sunday p m JJSUJ Iowa CKr sily p m WOI Ames Friday m WTAD Qufncy Ul Friday p m KSCJ Slonx Cily Saturday p m Will Brazil Become a Major World Power TN SPITE or her somewhat past Brazil in the opinion of a good many geogra phers and gcopoliticians is des lined to become one of the worlds great nations Some say this will happen in 50 years others are guessing 500 years for the de velopment JUy own guess is that there are limjts beyond which Brazil can not go limits imposed primarily by the steaming hot climate which handicaps progress in most of that great sprawling country astride the equator in South America It just isnt in the cards for Brazil or any other country to develop an enterprising and progressive population under such enervating conditions TN MY reference to Brazil Ive A used the word sprawling ad visedly Brazil is of course the largest by far of any Latin Ameri can republic Thats generally known But its easy to forget that its larger than the United States proper Wed have to add another Texas to our 48 states to equal Brazils area Fifteen Frances could be squeezed into Brazil 63 Englands 953 Puerto Kicos It is appreciably larger than all of Europe if we subtract European Russia Its sea coast counts up to 4000 miles appreciably more than United States front on both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans Expressed in percentage only a pathetically small part of Brazil is in cultivation But this Brazilian cultivated land unimpressive as it is in comparison to Brazils vir gin jungle and waste land would make up a tract greater in area than all England France Italy Belgium Portugal Sweden and Iceland combined Yes Brazil is a great sprawling nation in anybodys league population is something else No accurate census has ever been taken in in any other Latin American coun try for that matter The best guess however is that about 45 million people live within its boundaries Thats onehalf of the population of the South American continent Thats onethird of the population of the United States The reasons why Brazil some 500 years after its first coloniza tion has no more than 45 million persons living in it are the same reasons in my opinion why Brazil is never destined to rank with the United States or with Russia as one of the great powers of the world The explanation is climate and soil in combination TN THE Carnegie factfinding A party which in 1941 visited 10 countries of Latin America was a renowned geographer Doctor Donald Dilworth Brand head of the department of anthropology at the University of New Mexico At the conclusion of our visit to these countries I put this ques tion to him As a student of human geogra phy what do you think of South Americas population potential His answer was given in these words Beyond natural resources a population potential depends upon the type and efficiency of econ omy standard of living and world conditions Under current condi tions of the above 3 factors it seems to me that South America could accommodate more than 3 times its present population Where now 90 million people live actually occupying and utiliz ing but a small fraction of the arable land water supply min eral forest and sea wealth more than 290 million people could live on as high a standard as now ob tained By reducing living standards to oriental levels this number could be increased greatly Again through a shift to a highly mech anized and industrial economy from the present handlabor pro duction of rawstuffs probably more than 300 million people could be accommodated on a much higher plane of existence Probably however the popn lahon of South America will level off at around 200 million within the next 50 years no matter what development may take place in the economic structure Taking Doctor Brands forecast of 200 million as the population potential for all of South America ultimate population could be counted on to level off at some where around 100 million This will probably be about a half of United States population figure at that time Russia quite likely will have gone up to 300 million 400 that time TTS extremely easy to look at a map of South America and 1 jump at some wholly erroneous Continued on Page 2 MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY NOVEMBER 26 1945 PUPILS DROWN Thlj Paper Consists of Two One NO 41 ACCIDENT GOERING TALKS IT OVER IN COURTHermann Goer ing seated right m prisoners dock chats with Lt Gus te i m l f r T York city and Lt Eichard Nalle 2nd from of Culpepper Va in Nuernberg Ger many court during recess in war crimes triai The MP at the nght is unidentified AP Wirephoto via radio from JT el S Reveal Hitler and Keitel Planned to Kill Ambassador Bj 1VES GALLAGHER Nuernberg American prosecutors disclosed at the war crimes trial of 20 top nazis Monday that Adolf Hitler and Field Marshal WilheJm Keitel plotted in 1933 to assassinate their own German ambassador in Prague to create an incident leadin tn the invasion of tiny Czechoslovakia to The plot was just one sfep in Hitlers lawless plans to subjugate 1 OUUined 5 USED IN ACTION AGAINST JEWS Troops Search for Persons Following Attacks on Stations armed with tanks mortars and Mar6aret r machine guns penetrated 6 Jewish Xs friends in villages Monday in search for perldentltles ot their sons responsible for attacks on coast guard stations and unofficial reports said 4 Jews were killed and about 50 wounded Hand to hand fighting erupted frequently Considerable property damage was reported About 250 persons were de tained for questioning Troops of the famous sixth air borne division Reading from captured German documents American prosecutors 1 irionm af fef ai Ausa Washington WPresident iruman and his family have staked out a claim to a little pri vacy sometimes when they EO a visiting Mr Truman himself was back m the white house Monday after what began as a secret flight fa Grandview IHo and ended with a night landing at National airport here He made the unheralded trip to visit his mother Mrs Mar ina Truman on her 33rd birth day anniversary Jerusalem troops Mrs Truman and their daugh rmed with tnnlrc mnifiri er Margaret meanwhile are New York the til hosts a closely guarded secret They plan to at tend Mondays opening of the Metropolitan opera season The president up cariy Sunday and noting he said that it was a pretty day decided suddenly on the Grandview jaunt at p rn CST he told 4 re porters awaiting him at the air port I just took a notion lo visit borne division and settterTfoueht and see my mother on for 2 hours at the village Shef bf tha and l did J1 ayim near Tel Aviv and dispatches d to do said thousands of Jews shout ing all Jews to the rescue were streaming toward Shef ayim from nearby settlements Additional British troops in cluding the third paratroop bri gade of the sixth airborne division poured into the trouble area on the Palestine coast near Tel Aviv In the coastal rcjrion of Pales line men women and children tried to storm areas that had been cordoned off by police and mili tary authorities in a search for gangs which on Saturdav night at tackufl 2 coast guard stations with arms and explosives and wounded 14 officers The attacks on the stations were believed to have resulted from interception by the authorities of a ship which had brought 200 il legal Jewish immigrants to the Palestine coast tria and assured the world he had no further plans for territorial expansion Plans for the proposed assas sination of a German diplomat and a subsequent blitz invasion of the little country were known by the code name case green and were revealed in a file carefully kept by Hitlers adjutant who was captured by American airborne troops Assistant Prosecutor Sid ney S Alderman told the court While American prosecutors Proceeded to pile up evidence of Hitters plans for aggressive war defense counsel filed lists of pros pective witnesses and desired doc uments which included an indica tion that Rudolf Hess No 3 nan will carry his insanity plea to the court Counsel for Hjalmar Schacht disclosed that the former reichs bank president will seek to prove that he participated in the bomb plot to kill Hitler on July 20 1944 and tried to overthrow the nazi government in 1938 Tn a document described by American prosecutors as Hitlers last will and testament the fuehrer fatefully predicted he would solve the German space problem no later than 194345 THE WORLDS BEST BUY Victory Loan Bonds Buy yours this week Brinff the boys home and fight inflation Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Mon day night and Tuesday but oc casional rains Monday night Somewhat warmer Monday night but about 32 de grees Rather mild Tuesday Iowa Partly cloudy and warmer Monday and Monday night oc casional light rain extreme east portion late Monday night Tues day partly cloudy and mild Minnesota Mostly cloudy Occa sional light rain or snow Mon day night and in northeast por tion Tuesday Slightly warmer southeast portion Monday night fN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics lor 24 hour period ending at 8 o clock Monday morning Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Monday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation Snow GlobeGazette weather statistics lor 24 hour period ending at 8 o clock Sunday morning Maximum 32 Minimum 19 At 8 a m Sunday 19 Precipitation none YEAR AGO Maximum 42 Minimum 33 23 18 19 Appeals for NoRaise in Iowa Rents Des Moines appeal to Iowa landlords in 87 counties which do not have rent controls not to advance rents in an amount which would be definitely unfair to been made by Walter D Kline Iova director of the office of price administra tion The exploitation of veterans wives and children old age pen sioners school teachers and oth ers which is occurring in Iowa should be a matter of concern to the entire community declared Kline Kline said he received letters daily from Iowa communities residents objecting manv of to tO rents being raised or to the houses in which they live Most of the letters beinj were sold from communities nnd cities have no rent control Some of the practices comin to my aitention are of a nature that really good neighbors would be ashamed of asserted Kline who recently asked the national OPA to rule on the question ot whether Iowa communities with severe housin could set up g problems legally their own volunteer lie had received no reply to his in quiry and had made his appeal to the landlords WITHDRAWAL IN IRAN PROPOSED U S Asks Britain USSR to Pull Troops r vmiipany nas made prep Washington if The United for a television test early States has proposed to the British in imperial board df and Russian governments that the said Monday armed forces ot all 3 nations be entirely withdrawn from Iran by Jan 1 The proposal was contained in the text of the which U S Ambassador W Avereil Harrimari delivered to the Russian govern rnent in Moscow Satu state department made Monday j At the same time this govern ment made plain that regardless of British and Russian response to the proposal all American forces would be evacuated from Iran by the first of the year Information contained in the note also was delivered simultane ously to the British government the department said Little Iran it was disclosed earlier has sent Russia 2 more notes protesting soviet activities m a disturbance in the northern part of the country BRITISH TANKS Claim for Privacy M KtATMRIftt IS UNDE R WAY State to Show Youth Died After Beating Fort Dodge state told a district court jury of 7 women and 5 men Monday it would prove that Ronald Miller 17 died after a terrific beating by Carl Klatt 33 and the defense countered that the state could not prove malice aforethought as charged Although Jens Grothe special ly appointed prosecutor for the state took only about 5 minutes to read the indictment KlatCs pre vious plea of innocent and to pre sent his opening statement E H Lundy o Eldora chief counsel for the defense took about 35 minutes for his statement Our defense Lundy said is that there was no reason for any one to believe that this boy would ue They didnt put him on the coal pile for the pur pose of killing him critics breakfasted to t tiibii VVYI1 VUlUiHeCr ui IAJ v jyi koujcili litcl rent control committees gether Monday and explained that on Oct 19 Wilson asked The Iowa OPA director said he they wefe lebrating VM Day t3rl rpfPI VPrl 4 t 1t Vlff rvrv jiirnv wnn t in isi VM is victory over meat ra tioning explained R L Clark Portland livestock exchange sec retary as he paid for the break fast of Director McDannell Brown The breakfast Two steaks Plan Television Test by Jap Radio Japan Broad casting company has made prep THE WORLDS BEST BUY Victory Loan Bonds Buy yours this week Bring the boys home and fight inflation my mother I just took a notion Id go out and see her and 1 did J The president said he had a t good time and that his mother enjoyed herself immensely The tip marked the first time in the memory of white house correspondents that a chief exec utive had traveled so far from Washington without some sort of advance press arrangements Neither Charles G ROES white house secretary nor his assistant Ebcn Ayres were taken on the trip to Grandview Except for the crew of his big 4engine plane T h e Sacred Cow Mr Truman was accom panied on the flight only by secret service men Senate Secretary Leslie Biftle and his military I dont need to give an expla ride Brig Gen Harry H ation Mr Truman replied I ont intend to The presi MOTHER SON A reporter suggested that news papers misht be upset that the president flys halfway across the country and back again without any coverage and asked if the President had any explanation as I dont intend to Does this mean that the papers won t be represented on your fu ture he was asked No he said it didnt mean that It meant he said I wanted to go out to Grandview and sec WAITING FOR THE BIG KUSHWith his knife sharp ami his chopping blocks loaded with meat butcher Louis Sperom is ready in his New York shop for the expected rush ot customers now that meat rationing is over The only commodity remaining on the ration list at present is sugar UAW Seeks Public Airing of Wage Rift Fete VM Day Portland Ore district iu wnson OPA director and one of the OPAs GM president and Harry W Art repeated its request to General Motors Corp for negotiations of the wage dspute before federal conciliators and the public f I VC thc corporations reply the unions international MotortVk at which the Genera considerable atentin vice president said the request for further negotiations had been withheld pending the companys formal rejection of an arbitration proposal that came Friday derson vice president Reuther Ford Curtailed Detroit Ford Slotor company announced Monday that most of its production operations gigantic at he River Rouse plant near here and In several of its hydro plants will be halted Tuesday and Wednesday because of a shortage of parts for automobile and ruck production The curtailment of producfion a statement sail will affect approximately 400000 em ployes in the Detroit area All the departments he company said will reopen next Monday that the press and radio be barred from negotiations until our con troversy becomes a matter ol ob vious public concern The GM management which has turned down the UAWs 30 per cent wage increase demand as un other day was over including some 175000 production workers and 73000 salaried employes pre vented by pickets from entering GM offices Reuther had asserted Saturday that the GM strike would evince The greatest demonstration of la bors solidarity ever seen in this country A spokesman for the Automo tive Parts Industry said all car production eventually would be halted because or the ramification Strike Picture At a Glance 575000 Workers Idle By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS were idle in the nations labor disputes Major strike developments Montgomery Ward employes in 6 demonstration strike asks that wage talks with General big auto strike continues nt hourly of the General Motors strike As the effects ot the strike be came more widespread both sides awaited government intervention The union has accepted an in vitation ot Secretary of Labor SchweHenbach for a meeting in Washington probably Wednesday A General Motors spokesman in dicated the company has not yet been formally invited spent 28 hours with his mother who greeted him with this is a pleasant surprise Even she and the presidents sis ter Miss Mary Jane Truman didnt learn of the intended visit intil after the Washington plane had left reasonable under present price structures also rejected a union proposal to enlist the aid ot gov ernment conciliators several weeks betore the strike was called last Wednesday The public interest Reuthcr declared can best be served by free ana fair public discussion of 12 ln the issues 10 One of the problems the UAW executive board was to de termine how currently nonstrik bers could best 7T cause questioning by the union officials predicted nearly of investigation He was also ac a quarler of a million workers in cused of impersonating a federal 20 states would be idle before an officer but federal officers Yeggs Loot Postoffice at Lone Rock Lone believed to be the same who broke into 8 busi ness places at Woden and Klemme early Saturday morning paid an early morning visit to Lone Rock Monday and robbed the postoffice and J M Blanchard lumber yard A complete check had not been made on what the loss will amount to at the postoffice but the robbers got away with all the defense stamps all cash bond forms the entire postage stamp stock ami all books and records None of the mail was touched The robbery was discovered by a passerby who noticed that a piece of glass had been broken from the door and the place ap parently been entered Mrs Evelyn Earing postmaster was notified She found the dial had been knocked off the safe and the contents removed Sheriff A J Cogley of Algona was called and a postoffice in spector from Mason City was on his way Monday morning The lumber yard office was broken inlo but so far as could be determined nothing was taken HwTliET IN JAIL HERE Harold W Thies 22 Iowa Falls was arraigned in district court here Monday before Judge Wil liam P Butler on a county attor neys information charging him with forgery and uttering a forged instrument and was given until Thursday morning at 10 oclock to plead Thies was returned here from Austin Minn after he admitted having passed 52 worthless checks m 5 North Iowa communi ties and waived extradition pro ceedings Thies boasted of the ease with which he passed the checks and stated he was not refused once He passed 12 checks in Mason Ics City 12 in Ua 12 in Hampton and in Thies said they were writ tcrloo Osage ten on his father Wj ThieVof Iowa Falls He was arrested this leased him for prosecution in Iowa Thies was brought here Satur day night by County Attorney M L Sheriff Tim Phalen Appoint Wine DCS Moines IP Jake More democratic stale chairman has announced 15 DIE AS BUS PLUNGES INTO LAKE IN STORM Most of 40 Students Escape From Bus in Water 50 Feet Deep iVenatchee Wash Bruce Parkinson said Monday 15 or 16 pupils were drowned when a school bus left the Chelan high way and plunged over a 50 foot embankment into 50 feet of water in Liike Chelan First reports said 40 students were thought lo have been trapped in the bus Later information from the scene 10 miles from the town of indicated most of the children had escaped Sheriff Parkinson said a or 6 swam ashore and were rushed to hospitals Officers were still attempting to piece together the fragmentary reports of the tragedy while div ers were being rushed from Cou lee City and Seattle The sheriff said the accident oc curred during a blinding snow storm Highways in the district were slippery The bus plunged down a 50foot embankment into the lake The bus he said went into 50 feet of water The accident oc curred shortly after 8 a m and at the sheriff said it had impossible to identify any of the victims A big barge owned by the Che lan Boat company was floated to the scene and kept over the spot where the bus went down The sheriffs office and state patrol both sent emergency crews to the scene The children were enroute to school at Chelan The bus Sheriff Parkinson said was called the 25 Mile CreekSchool bus It runs up Lake fo 25 Mile Creek and brings the children to school at Chelan Its the worst tragedy weve had in this section he said HulTclaims Japan Wanted War in 1941 Washington Hull declared Monday that the Japa nese were hell bent for war in November 1941 and rejected a 10point American note he said any peaceseeking nation would have been delighted lo accept The 71year old former secre tary of stale testifying before a senatehouse committee investi KalhiK the Pearl Harbor disaster said the Nov 26 note he handed the Japanese had been iirnorant ly misrepresented Japanese propagandists later called it an American ultima tum The army Pearl Harbor board said in its report Hulls de livery of the not may have started the war There has been more misinfor mation and more ignorant mis no the significance of this last proposal of ours than of any move we made Hull testi fied There was nothing in there that any peaceful nation would not have been delighted to accept Hull said the 10point note merely brought together the gen eral principles on which the Unit ed States had been insisting since diplomatic talks with the earlier lie add t 5 of the 10 points offered benefits to Japan The only trouble with this note was that the Japanese were if I hadnt noticed the presence of ladies here Id say hell carrying ahead their military pol icy the former cabinet member said grimly Earlier the ailing secretary had testified he believed tho slate de partment was thoroughly justi P uj i of lied in wanting the fleet kept at Don Wine Oelwen as director of Pearl Harbor in the critical days 4U uja organization activities for the I of late 19J11 1S Iowa young democratic Wine is a war veteran nr law student at Drake uni clubs in 2 Maine cotlon end SCrviCe in Ilinois and northern back to normal Operators get increased pay i Read The Message from United States Army Recruiting Service on Page 3 Iowa Truck Situation Remains Unchanged DCS Moines truck strike situation remained un changed Monday with the major interstate companies still tied up and a union leader said no nego tiations were scheduled Some 50 drivers for DCS Moines lumber companies also were con tinuing their walkout Leo Quinn secretary of local 90 of the Teamsters Chauffeurs Warehousemen and Helpers union AFL to which both the over the road truck drivers and the local lumber drivers belong said no ne gotiation meetings with owners were scheduled ;