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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 26, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DEPARTMENT OF m COMP DE9 DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME TORY AND HO I KE VOL L THE NEWSPAPER THAT Assurialcd Press anil United Press full Leased ttir PLANES POUND INVASION ROUTE TO MARSHALLS New Air Assaults Made on Jaluit Main Base for Nippon Aircraft Pearl Harbor invasion route inlo Japans Marshall islands is being pounded by army ana navy bombers while on Ihe nearby Gilberts victorious A m eric a n ground troops seek out the few surviving enemy defenders ami planes from aircraft carriers ward off retaliatory air blows These developments which in cluded the shooting down of 4I Japanese planes by fighters of only 1 of the several aircraft car rier divisions supporting theGil bert operations were contained in the Thursday advices of Adm Chester W Nimitz lalnit the main Japanese air base in he Marshalls 450 miles northwest of the chief American position on Tarawa in the Gil berts has been bombed anew by 7lh airforcc liberators A spokes man also disclosed that during a carrier plane raid earlier in the week on Alili another Marshal air base aproxhnately 200 tons of bombs accurately hit the triangu lar field Strategic authorities in Wash ington expressed belief that the Japanese hi the ex posed by the Gilberts conquest to increasingly h e a v i e r bombings must retreat or die Of the 5000 or more enemy sol diers estimated to have been en countered on captured lltkin Tarawft and Abemama few live Japanese remain in the Admiral Nimitz said On Tarawa in the midst ol mopping up operations engineers worked fast to set its bombpitted airfield in operation for even heavier air assaults on the flanked Marshalls The incomplete reports on the downing of 4fi enemy planes cov ered operations thronsrh Wednes day The total may well be much laracr when the reports are re ceived from other aircraft carrier groups For the same period the carrier division reporting sustained losscf of only 3 fighters and a torpedo bomber In 1 engagement the carrier fighters balgSapiB intercepted zeros without losing a plane the spokesman said These carrier groups each con sisting of 2 or more aircralt car riers have participated in ex tended patrols and senl oul their planes on repealed raids Southwest of the Gilberts in the northern Solomons other Ameri can forces expanded to miles alonjr Ihe westcentral coast of Bougainville Ihe beachhead they have carved out since Niiv 1 on Empress Augusta Bay In General Douglas MacArlhurs theater where Australians onthe IIuoii peninsula of northeastern New Guinea are closing from cast west and south on Japanese plf teau positions in the jungles northwest of Finschafeii reports Friday told of several local enemy counterattacks being broken up suBsfsTNn MORE JAP SHIPS Strike Hard at Nippon Supply Lines in Pacific Washington m e r i c a i submarines hilling hard at Japa nese supply lines in the Pacific sunk 3 more enemy ships bringing to 505 the number of Japanese vessels sunk probably sunk or damaged by United undersea srafl The latest report of the subma rine activities listed 7 medium freighters I medium tanker and 1 mediumsized airplane transport vessel as sunk at undisclosed points The new sinkings boosted lo 4i the number of Japanese ves sels sunk by all types of American weapons since Ihe war started Of the 505 credited spccificallv to submarines 153 have been sunk tji probably sunk and 114 Fridays report on submarine activities in the Pacific came as all indications pointed toward an pansion of the already large un derwater fleet The navy has urged volunteers from other branches in attend special training classes for subma rine duty at New London Conn and the rate of submarine launcb has climbed sharplv in recent Weeks The request for lor submarine training was directed lo I the naval academy graduatesince I and to reserve officers no UUCI Vle HAF bomber com MASON CITV IOWA FRIDAY NOVEMBER 26 1943 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS FRANKFORTAMMAIN Charges U S Aid to Latin America Is Boondoggling Washington United Slates aid to Latin Vmeri can countries as conceived and badly courdinalcd boon doogglmg Senalorjiugn A Buller ft Ncbr told the senate Fri that the program should be changed to one of icthnical as one of sistance and cultural contact and understanding Reporting on his 20000 mile lour of Central and South Ameri can countries butler said the present good neighbor policy is based on sentimental dreams which are merely reflect ions of our own ideals nol of theirs and is tulciatcd by the Latins solely because it is accompanied bv liberal donaions from our treas ury Jj only 3 of iJie 20 countries he visited can fairly be called democracies Butler said All the rcst are of the most autocratic wt and iiutat0r Yank Bombers Hit Germany After RAF Makes Night Raids e ItAF gave Berlin its 4th straight night of FrankfurtAmMai The U S announcement did not specify immediately the lai match your skill and resource nor the valor and determination ot of the bombers heir ul TTf r fighter escort but the Bremen1 tlie UAF once more was radio went off the air i e 10 tu Hermann Cocr that muchbattered port as aii obI the Germans jectivc i cill m the war Ilial no allied was the 1st operation in a j cvcl wouid rM Berlin nazi reichmarshal was quoted by Reuters in n Stockholm dispatch as attempting lo pump up German morale This week by heavy formations from the 8tli air force the IIHh heavy allied attack from Britain in No vember and the Hth for the U H aiitorce In addition to Frankfurt the German radio said KAF bombers hit Offenbach leather and chemi cal goods town B miles cast of FrankftiH Marauding KAF mos quitos simultaneously struck Bcr The RAF raids were achieved with small loss Thirteen British bombers failed to return com pared with 44 the last time Frank furt was hit on Oct 22 when ex piring Kusscl also was smashed i a final blow The visit to Berlin meant the nazi capital had boon wakened by bombs on 20 out of 25 nights of November Although liic engined craft which carry 500 pound not pack the wallop of Britains 4enained ar madas they kept the sirens going in distraught Berlin These fast bombers fill in bad weather spells when major raids are not feasible and it nas re called that it was a mosquito buildup which preceded the 2 heavy assaults Monday and Tues day and helped for German de fenses The attack on Frankfurt bi center of the I G Farbcnlndns trie international chemical trust I works fitted in with 3 big raids last week on chemical and poison gas component producing factories at Ludwigshafcn and Leverkusen FrankfurtAmM a i n also has Germanys biggest truck manufac Cocrins was said to have asked a mass meeting of dissatisfied mine workers at Essen Thursday lo give us onlv a few more daW to TOKYOREPORTS ALLIED PLANES RAID FORMOSA Indicates Attack on Area 650 Miles From Japanese Homeland New York planes struck within about 050 miles of the Japanese homeland Thursday t when approxi m a t c I y planes raided Shincliiku port city o n the n o r 1 li w e s L c o a s I of For mosa the Tokyo radio said Fri day The raid un confirmed b y any allied source pre sumably w a s launched from allied bases within China The broadcast claimed that 3 of the raiders were shot down by Japa nese naval fighters The island of Formosa wrested from the Chinese in 1H35 lies 110 miles off he east coast of China some 200 miles north or the Philippine islands and only a little more than fliio miles southwest of Kyushu southernmost island in the Japanese borne group Formosa was 1st raided bv 7 Chinese planes on Feb 1B38 in the 1st air attack in history on Japanese territory Eight deaths and 23 injuries in addition lo property damage were reported to have resulted Although Ihe island had on air ia 1 pm raid scare on Dec M 1941 1 wcckl PUCCSS Ughlenmg cm after Pearl Harbor and Was s le sald not s hl moral in Chungking m America There a host of Nazis on Central Ukraine Front Split by Gomel Fall kan estimated this country has poured i billion dollars into good neighbor countries through loans subsidies grants and outright gifis Instead of resultant good will he said be found 1 At least 1 country is using U S Icndlcasc armaments to prepare for war on its Smith American neighbors 2 Many countries are openly playing us for suckers and Ameri can officials told Butler U S cash is findmg its way into local graft 3 on American pro jects are looting local business men of workers causing labor un rest and forcing inflation ill some counirics 4 U S government money is being used to industrialize nations which intend u compete with us for postwar markets 5 Uheii good Hciclitiiir spend ing cuds we will reap the blame for any unemployment and eco nomic chaos that results Butler turned his report over lo tlic Truman and Byrd commit tees invcsiigating federal spending and the war programs expenditures by the federal government in the United States have been drastical ly reduced or wiped oul as a part d set iii motion the new type of Ja Thursc rial warfare irn 1 to been th bigge is 1 ot luring works its tire works and the main railroad centers The latest attack on Gcrmanv coincided with only a vestige of the nazis promised reprisals for Ihe Berlin bombings This was a smallscale incursion which caused a short alert in London a nil liltlc else The air ministry communique said mines also were laid in ene my waters Thursday night Bad weather prevented obser vation of the results at Frankfurt and Berlin it added There were imlicatiuns thai daylight operations over the conti nent Friday might include forays from be Mediterranean area when the Zurich Switzerland air raid alarms were turned on A Stockholm dispatch mean while quoted reliable cyesvil nesses as reporting thai half of Berlins air raid shelters were hit in the 2 RAF saturation raids and Tuesday nights bringing about scenes of panic and death aerial warfare against England thai he and other uazi biywigs have promised When Germany decides to wage the same type of aerial war fare ns Britain things will be easier he declared A few enemy aircraft flew over parts of southeast England and the Essex coast Thursday niirhi dropping bombs at several point but causing little damage The in truders caused Londons first nlcrl since last Saturday night D to have been raided by allied planes on Aug 12 1D42 Thursdays raid appears lave been the 1st made on the island sirajc the United Stales en tered ilie war jsP1111050 broadcast lied Formosa is easy striking distance from Chinese bases of iMaj Gen Claire Chcn nnuUs 14th U S air force PLEA IS MADE BY PROSECUTION Kaster Murder Case at Waverly Is Near Jury Jowa VPBent upon sending Stanley M Kaster n Janesvillc excorn ict to thegnl lows or to prison forlife Prose cutor William C Hahle told jurors here Friday in Bremcr county dis court that slaying Kasters alleged of Glenn Win Berliners Defy Orders Leave Chaotic Capital Bern Switzerland sands of bombedout Berliners their scanty possessions strapped to their backs defied threats i of punishment Friday lo continue the mass exodus from the chaotic and still burning capital cily Gcrmnn frontier dispatches said A dispatch from Basel on the bwissGerman frontier said that all rcporfs from the German cap ital painted the same picture of terror and destruction with fire men in many instances compelled to resort to dynamite in an at tempt to check the spreading flamcx Thousands of persons arc still trapped beneath the debris with lullc chance of their being du oul alive liic dispatch continued the Basel dispatch said that berlin authorities faced an almost impossible task in attempting lo find shelter for the homeless thousands taking out posses fMurphy Simmer coiirtan sions on their backs or in small Pointed to present Kasters case carts risked the danger of bcin TVio without ration cards and local visas in order to lice the stricken city the account went on Other thousands it said were obeying orders and awaiting ar chell utilities guard was a de liberate unmerciful murder While a man was pleading for his very life no regard was shown for that plea This man the de fendant needed a gun He wanted the gun Winchell wore And he was going to get it Hnhle argued that night thought hed get away with it But like so many others he mncic 1 some body saw him Otherwise he miuiu be even today endangering your home and mine This is a case of 1st degree murder Prosecutor liahlc blind since birth went on In the absence of defense testi mony ail eyes and cars Friday af ternoon were on Defense Compel little WPAs PWAs FSAs and AAAs have been spawned by the new dcnl during the past 2 yeavs It is clear that the new deal pro gram has been neither abolished nor adjourned but merely trans 4fl America Harry Hopkins as chairman of the munitions assignment board gives away he lendlcase mater ials Howard Hunter and David Sauoss 2 of Hopkins former right hand men in the HTA have found new worlds to conquer in Latin America He estimated the United States has built or financed 500 Latin American airports at a cost of with no agreement on postwar operation or owner ship and added We are actually charged land ing fees to use some of these air ports that we built in other coun tries We not only are making con fusion worse confounded he told the investigating committees but we are creating debtor nations in debt to us who wont like ui when we stop spending or stop making loan when we leave tliem high ways to maintain which they cant Much of the U S propaganda undcrlakiiigF designed for good will he said are ot such ridicu lous character that they arc prac tically worthless He praised work done by Ihe Rockefeller Foundation in stamp ing out disease and said education had made marked progress in a number of countries EIGHTH ARMY CROSSES indi cate bridgehead which the British 8th army lias estab lished across the Sanjrro river at ils mouth Vhile it also attacks briskly in the central front at Caslcl ili Sanjrro Open arrow is projected allied route to Pcscara river next sizable stream which can be used as a natural bulwark J Allies Beat Off Nazi Counter Drives Along Italian Front NOLAXU XOKCAARI Allied HcaiUuiarlers Alsicrs American 4511 division once pan of the 1th army of LI Gen George S Pallon Jr in bicify has been in action with the 3th army in Italy it was announced rnday as allied units beat IN BLACKOUT DEATH But Judge Rules Out Practice Test in Case Creslon lift A district court jury Friday awarded Mrs Charles Graby S2Ult in tiie death of her husband an air raid warden who was killed when struck by a po lice car driven by Policeman Wil liam Dauner during a practice blackout Dec 14 1912 Mrs Orally had sued Daimer for 5000 allcyinR he was Kcnt in driving the police car without lights during liie black out The city was not named in the action District Judge Homer A Fuller ruled out all attempts of attorneys to bring in the blackout during the trial and snid in his instruc tions to the jury The jury has no issue to decide generally unchanged front The impact of the tiBbtinp 45111 one of the most colorful divisions in the American army helped roll back the German tide when the Salerno bridgehead ap peared likely lo be overrun in the early critical period after the 1st lauding it was disclosed The division made up largely of troops from Colorado Okla homa and New Mexico with a sprinkling from a number of eastern and more than 1000 southwest Indians Is rated in army circles as one of the tough est and hardest hitting outfits under the flag It made its batde debut in an amphibious assault gainst Sicily after only a brief pause in north Africa The German air force joined ground forces in determined al lacks Thursday against British llth army forces now securely en trenched in the bridgehead carved from the winter defense line across the flooded Saiigra near Italys Adriatic shore over 28 KKVOKTED NAZIS EXECUTED Stockholm fpjThe Free Dan ish news service said Friday 5 German officers were executed and 40 soldiers were killed sub sequently in an exchange of gun fire with sentries and SS guards at the Copenhagen artillery bar rack when they refused to co to the Russian front recently I The Berlin correspondent of ho Helsinki newspaper Helsingin Snnomat wrote that the German capital looks like the remains of a a long time under strong artillery lire Replying to congratulations from Air Secretary Sir Archibald Sin clair on he crusher assaults Air Marshal Sir Arthur T Harris AF i mand declared The baltle of Berlin It will continue as opp serves and circumstances dictate until the heart of nazi Germany ceases to exist Sinclair who called Berlin the greatest single center of war in dustry in Germany told Harris that the Monday and Tuesday night raids reaching a new level of power and proved that the ranscmenls whereby they will be sent lo reception zones Caves are bciiiK duff and barracks hastily erected to afford some shelter for those remaining until more pcr mancut shelters can be con structed The homeless arc bcin led from kitchens on wheels the dis patch said A traveler who left Berlin after Mondays attack said the Kestnpo had arrested 3000 persons in cluding 2000 women and chil dren who were insane from shock He declared the hopelessly wounded and insane were killed 11 Killed as 2 Bombers I Oyeif Kansas Liberal Kans 4cn gine liberator bombers collided and fell in flames northeast oi here Thursday afternoon killing all 11 members of the 2 crews the Liberal army airfield reported Friday The dead included Second Lt Robert W Tuppcr 20 instruc tor son of Mr and Mrs E Wil liam Tuppcr DCS Moines Iowa case is expected lo go to he jury cither late Friday or at the outset o court Saturday Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier lioy Weather Report rOKKCAST Mason City Kair and colder Fri day night lowest temperature in Mason Citv M British ire sculling reinforce mchls and supplies across the flooded stream Allied planes hacked at the enemy jiisl back the line Despite the daylony enemy on slaiiRhts the Hth army troops im proved their positions it was an nounced officially Thanksgiving day activity on the 5th army front on the west ern half of the line was limited to J violent iriininulc artillery bombardments against targets himl Ihe enemys lines as well as While rain continued lo fall and t was the only death connected with any of the blackouts held throughout the slate during the last 18 months loc Healcy one if the defense attorneys indicated Ihe might be appealed Graby was killed when he ran in fronl of the police car appar ently in an effort to halt it in ac cordance with blackout instruc tions A coroners jury ruled liis death accidental 1 statement declared persistent I bombing had Itcpt closed lo traf j fie for a mouth the 3 main rail ways running down the Italian peninsula to the battlefronl Only a network of subsidiary lines incapable of heavy traffic is available to the German Ihe slatement snid SENATOR HUGH A BUTLER on Tour Iowa Partly cloudy Friday niqlil and Saturday Sunday with light rain or snow Sunday afternoon or nihfi colder Friday night followed bv flow risin rend through Suni C 1 1 osennower s Keport Patton Case Awaits concentration enemy cannot rridiiv nnrt Saturday colder Friday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday y Minimum Thursday nipiil At 8 a m Friday Rain YEAR AGO Alaxiimim Minimum Precipitation Snowfall 30 Trace 6 62 3 inches VVaMiiitKlnn iJThe war de partment has temporarily closed the catc ot Lieut Gen George S Paltons sinking and beratms of a shellshocked army private pending receipts of n report from Gen Dwigln O Eisenhower allied commander in North Africa War Secretary Stimson made the an nouncement Thursday emphasiz ing that Ihe department has full confidence in his Eisenhowers fairness his justice and his ability to conduct the affairs of his com mand in the highest interest of his hopps and his country Defying bad weather conditions I American and British liEht and fiRlitcrbombers raked enemy stromr alnnc tlic Saiisro river from Ihe tnwii of Casoli 15 miles inland U the Adriatic in support of Hip Sth army holding its bridgehead j Prisoners taken have cun firmed the demoralizing effect of j the recent bombing of frontline positions an air force statement said In longrange operations Amer ican Mitchells bombed the Adri jatic port of Ancona and FiAF spit i fires crossed the sea to strafe Ger man vehicles near Dubrovnik A statement from Ll Gen Carl j A Spaa air command review ing recent heavy bomber opera tions noted thai flying fortresses and liberators of Maj Gen James H Dooliltles strategic air force already avc made a beginning against the targets that hurt the enemy most citing raids into Germany Austria northern Italy southern Franco and the Balkans This partly lias beer possible because of the absence of enemy fighter strength in Italy the statement added ronicriiy Iowa ttliTiirgcti Doyen 82 was fatally injured here Wednesday night when struck by a car driven by Wiilitt Fort Dodge The accident was held un avoidable by Coroncr D C Car ver who reported that Doyen ap parently stepped dirccllv into the path of IVillilfs car He was knocked ti ide pavement uncwi fiMouy and died a half hour later Your newspaper boy is busy loo He will appreciate setting his money when he calls the 1st lime GERMAN DRIVE WEST OF KIEV IS WEAKENING Hitlerites Report They Destroyed Gomel Before Evacuating City Jomlon Red army has captured Gomel Premier Marshal Stalin announced Friday complet ing the separation of nazi forces of the center and Ihe Ukraine Tlie thrust tliat carried soviet columns into the White Kussian citadel last remaining nazi bas tion cast of the Dnieper climaxed an encircling drive that had been tiKhteiiiiisr a miosc about the com munications Iml for 3 weeks The drive also coincided a powerful offensive winch smashed gaps in defenses north and south of the fallen city The German high command had acknowledged earlier that the Tor tress had been evacuated The German communiijnc said Gomel was destroyed before it wax evacuated Five railways radiate from he city uf 145000 last im portanl German slronjhold east the Dnieper river Two lines lead into foland I in the direction uC HreslLilovsk and the o 1 h c r through Minsk to Vilna and Lithu ania Other linos connect Gomel with Moscow Odessa and Lenin grad In the crucial defense battle west of Kiev Moscow dispatches said the Ukrainian army of Gen Nicolai Vatutiu was standing firm and the day old German drive appeared to be weakening New nazi attacks were launched near Koroslcn however is miles north of Zhitomir The liussians as is their custom did nol immediately confirm the capture of Gomel which has been invested from i sides for some time Novo Bclilsua subuib of Gomel has been in Russian hands for more than a week Gomel im portant as a farm machinery wood and cellulose manufacturing center is on the lofty west bank of the Sozh river 35 miles north of its confluence with the Dnieper Kcccnl developments in the fighting in the Gomel area caused the German command to order extensive withdrawals a few dajs which on the whole were concluded by Thursday nijjhl a DNIJ dispatch broadcast by Berlin saiil The evacuation of Gomel and the neighboring sectors led to a considerable shortening am im provement of German defensive positions The German communique said Rmsian attacks on Hit lower D n i e p e r near Nikopol were largely repulsed and that heavy fighting continued southwest oi Kreinenchug The new Russian offensive Ihe lUlh mounted July blasted a i7irjilc gap in German defenses in the area JO miles north of Go mel and miles from the While Hussian capital of Minsk Ad vances of U miles 3 days car ried almost to the edge of the up per Dnieper engulfed 180 vil lages and accounted for 2UGO slain Germans Enormous booty and a large number of prisoners were captured The Germans toik Gonicl in mid August of Its fall opened the way for Hussian drives Zhoblin miles in the railway to Minsk Tim ZhohlinKalinkovichi railway was cut Fridiy by a soviet drive youth of Gomel the Moscow communi que said In another successinl drive the llussians announced they had cul i the ZhlobinKalinkovichi rail I load northwest of Rechiisa cap Uiring Uic towns of Rosovo ZUerd OsUmkovichi and Korcni Meanwhile Ucn Nikolai Ta futins 1st Ukrainian army was j rcpiirtcd standing fasl in the Kiev j Indue against savasc German at i tacks and Russian troops were ImshhiK forward in the Dnieper bend just below KrcmenchiiK where the soviet communique said a district center and sev eral slroiigpoinls were stormed and captured Dispatches from the front o Moscow newspapers said that Field Marshal Fritz von Mann heims 13day offensive in the Kiev area apparently was wcak i cuing He launched new attacks near Korostcn IT miics north of Zhitomir but they were reported repelled military eii in Mucow said the chances that he would launch any further msijor counteroffensives wore slight AIMOINTKJ AS SENATOR Trenton N 1 Charles Fdison Friday appointed Arthur O South Orange executive vice president of Thom as A Edison Inc Industries as United Stales senator lo succeed i the lale W Warren Barbour ;