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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 25, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP DEPARTMENT OF AND I VOL LI AnodaUd Prasi and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Centi a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY NOVEMBER 25 1944 voiisisu 01 TWO JJQ 41 CHARGE NETS GAIN BEYOND AACHEN LAST OF B29S MET CLOUDS IN RAID ON TOKYO Results Good But Not Up to Expectations of U S Hansell Says Twentyfirst TJ S Bomber Command Saipan Via Navy Radio The first Super fortress raid on Tokyo Thursday U S time obviously hurt Japan but even so it didnt come up to expectations Brig Gen Haywood Hansell Jr base said Saturday commander The first formations over the enemy capital had clear weather and did a good job Hansell told a press conference but later TOKYO Brie Gen Emmett Rosie ODonnell Jr above 38rear old Brooklyn native whose home is now in Jamaica N Y led the force of B29 Superfortresses whichblasted industrial targets in Tokyo during mighty dayHght raid General ODonnell is shown otl Saipan as he talked with staff members planes cover ran into a thick cloud Despite that handicap Hansell added only 4 of the dozens of B29s which participated Tokyo said there were 70 failed to hit worthwhile targets Reconnaissance photo graphs taken several hours afier the raid showed fires still burn ing in the enemy capital and smoke was rising to great heights Hansell disclosed that the 2 Superforts lost on the raid only 1 went down in enemy action The other failed to return was presumed unknown lost and for reasons The plane lost over Tokyo was attacked by a Japanese Tony Either the Tony was out of control or the Japanese pilot knew he was doomed be cause the plane slammed into the tail of the unlucky B29 and it crashed into the water east of Japan Apparently none of the crew got out Hansel said Reports Saturday said a couple of life rafts possibly bearing sur vivors of the missing B29 had NEW B29 Brig Gen Haywood S Hansell Jr above of San Antonio heads the 2Ist bomber commandnew Superfortress unit based on Saipan which raided Tokyo Claim Reds Driven Out of Center N E of Budapest troops broke into Hatvan transport center Budapest but were thrown back again by Ger man counterattack a Berlin broadcast said Saturday The defenders of Katvan answered every attack with a counter in the bitter battle in Hungary the broadcast said been sighted and a destroyer was investigating Hansell declined to estimate the number of enemy planes brought down because crew reports were necessarily confused and hard to assess but at least 4 Japanese aircraft were known to have been bagged and 10 or more others might have been shot down or damaged I think we caught the Jap flat footed Hansell said but for reasons beyond my understanding I imagine there will be a slight shift in the fighter command at Tokyo One of the B29s came back to Saipan on only 2 of its 4 engines and several landed with only 3 working Others came down at Guam 150 miles south of here The Guam landings were not ex plained Guam from Tokyo than even farther Saipan The round trip from here to Tokyo is about 3000 miles By and large Hansell said we can only be pleased with the mission as a whole It wasnt per fect nor as good as we expected H is a mistake to assume an atti tude of overconfidence Neverthe less I am confident we can take care of ourselves and do a good job The Superfort raid widely hailed as the beginning of a cam paign to knock out Japans war plants was the first on Tokyo since April 18 1942 when carrier based B25s under command of Lt Gen James Doolittle raked the enemy capital Tokyo radio Friday night broadcast an imperial communi que claiming that 5 of the raid ers were shot down and 9 others damaged and dismissed the at tack as ineffective because it said the Superfortresses carried only light bombloads and dropped them wide of thenintended tar gets suffered by important installa the broadcast said in an indirect admission that major targets were hit The bombers approached Tokyo through a hazy overcast but found a clear area over the city They fnnneled a substantial portion of their bombloads on the Masashina aircraft plant a principal sup plier of Japans army and navy planes Other choice targets were ripped and razed Lt Gen Millard S Harmon interviewed at Saipan said We have the whole of Japan under our bombsights now We are not bombing people we are bombing the Japanese war machine he said When we have seriously crippled the war industries all the toughness in the world wont save the Japa nese Harmon deputy commander of the 20th air force indicated a black prospect for Japan saying The time is not far now when Japan will be subjected to the combined efforts of air units based from Alaska through the Philippines and over China a ring of air effort iocussed on the imperial empire In Washington Gen H H Arnold commander of the 20th air force said Tokyos war in dustries have been badly hurt by a blow made possible by the Americans who fought and died for the Marianas He said Japan would be hit from 2 sides by American bombers based in China and on Saipan The Superforis despite earlier reconnaissance flights took them by surprise said Briir Gen Em mett Rosie ODonnell of Ja maica N flight leader PREDWCOLD SNOW FOR IOWA Rain Sleet Reported in Most of State Des Moines Rain sleet and snow fell in much ot Iowa Saturday and the weather bureau forecast more of the same with colder weather Sunday There was precipitation of some kind in most of the state during the night and it still vas snowing Saturday morning in Des Moines Fort Dodge Sioux City Ames Ottumwa Atlantic and Council Bluffs The snow started as rain in some sections In Des Moines the snow was so wet some of it melted as it hit the ground It was sleeting at Burlington Lowest temperature in the state Friday night was 21 at Spencer and the maximum Friday was 51 at Sioux City and Council Bluffs Berlin also declared that 8 Rus sian divisions had made penetra tions in a wave of assaults in the Courland regionof Latvia Soviet amphibious forces vir tually had blocked any sea escape for 30 German divisions being squeezed against the Baltic by capture of the fortified Estonian island of Saare Saare only 17 miles across the mouth of the gulf from Latvia fell Friday after a 2 month strug gle and red airmen sank 4 nazi warships offshore and damaged 4 others including a heavy cruis er Moscow announced Berlin declared the Russians had begun a huge new offensive against the German troops pocketed in Latvia making gains of undisclosed depth along a 3D mile front between Lielauce 70 miles east the Baltic port of Liepaja and Priekule 20 miles from Liepaja Berlin said the Russians were using heavily reinforced tank plane and artillery forces in an effort to crush the Latvian pocket and release hundreds of thousands of troops for a drive on East Prus sia The Moscow bulletin said new gains were made by red army units in eastern Czechoslovakia and Hungary The Berlin radio acknowledged a German retreat in Slovakia west of Ungvar Gen Ivan Petrovs 4th Ukraine army troops Friday seized 9 lo calities on the 25 mile front west of Ungvar Moscow said and with the capture of Monca 9 miles southwest of tjngvar were with in 35 miles of Kassa Inside the Hungarian frontier units of Marshal Rodio Y Malin pvskys 2nd Ukraine army con tinued pressure against Miskolc Hungarys 5th largest city Berlin reported that Russian iroops crossing an eastern arm of the Danube below Budapest for a landing on narrow Csepel is land had advanced 4 miles and reached Tokol a town on the western shore of the island 7 miles south of the Magyar capital Moscowhas not confirmed this operation but Fridays commu nique said soviet troops fighting at the northern approaches ot Budapest had captured the vil lage of Bag 15 miles northeast of the capital Troops March in Protest to Conscription Ottawa ff Canadian home defense soldiers billeted in British Columbia paraded in defiant pro test Friday night after Prime Minister W L Mackenzie King staked the life of his government on the new policy of partial con scription for overseas service The policy already had precipitated violent demonstrations and politi cal defections in Quebec Nearly 1000 soldiers from the military camp near Vernon pa raded through the streets of the town with con scription and a captain was re ported struck down by the march ers when he attempted to halt them Forming spontaneously at the camp after broadcasts which said members of the sixth division sta tioned there would be among the urst to be sent overseas the pa rade swelled as the marchers streamed four abreast past the ad ministration buildings and toward the town The marchers also reportedly brushed aside a lieutenant with the captain shouting conscript wealth and industry as well as manpower The streets were lined with silent civilians and a scat tering of soldiers who took no part in the demonstration Quebec was relatively quiet Fri day as Provincial Premier Maurice Duplessls in the face of earlier disturbances by draftage youths called for respect for the laws of the counlry and appealed to the people of the province to work national unity in considering the point of view of the other side Prime Minister King announced ne would open a debate in parlia ment Monday on a vote of confi dence motion and he appeared to have won control of the cabinet end of the crisis at least for the weekend Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy 1000 BOMBERS HIT SYNTHETIC OIL REFINERIES 1000 Fighters Also in Huge Fleet of Attacking Aircraft London than 1000 American heavy bombers accom panied by an equal number of fighter escorts bombed the Leuna synthetic oil refinery at Merse burg 2nd time in less than a more than 3000 tons of explosives The big Flying Fortresses and Liberators were accompanied by more than 1000 Thunderbolts mustangs and Lightnings of both theU S 8th and 9th air force The great fleet of bombers arid their guards against German in terceptors streaked across the channel through cold skies The Leuna plant with capacity of 50000 tons of oil a month was the target of Wednesdays raid by 1250 Flying Fortresses and Liberators and 1100 fighters U S strategic air force head quarters said the bombers struck also at oil storage facilities and railroad yards at Bingen east of Metz Mainz lies directly behind the sprawling Saar industrial area now under attack from the American 3rd army Heavy bombardment of Ger man oil In re cent been inter rupted Friday by unfavorable weather However several squad rons of Mosiiuitos attacked Ber lin in the night with 2 ton block busters Heavy bombers of fhe strategic air force in Italy attacked targets in the Linz and Munich areas Fri day night A small number of planes from Italy also bombed hear Innsbruck in Austria REPORTYANKS RAID MANILA 20 Nipponese Ships Are Sunk or Damaged By LEONARD MTLtMAN Associated Press War Editor American carrier planes swarmed over vulnerable Manila Saturday Japanese broadcasters announced as they tried to mini mize damage Superforts inflicted on Tokyos aircraft factories and ignored daring U S air blows in the Philippines that cost the em peror heavily in men ships and planes Landbased Yank air raiders over the Philippines Celebes and Borneo sank or damaged 20 Nip ponese ships including 3 warships definitely destroyed killed an es timated 3500 soldiers intended to reinforce embattled troops on Leyte island and wiped out 68 enemy aircraft Heaviest Japanese losses were northxvest of Leyte where a con voy of 3 transports and a destroy er was virtually wiped out over Leyte itself where 42 imperial planes were shot down in fierce air battles and in the Celebes where 2 ships were sunk and 9 damaged and 26 aircraft de stroyed on the ground No major change was reported in the Leyie land action Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Rain and not quite so cold Saturday night Lowest temperatures slightly above freezing Sunday rain turning to snow and colder Much colder Sunday night Sfrong shifting winds Iowa Rain changing to snow by nightfall over most of state and continuing as snow flurries Sunday Colder west portion Saturday night and entire state Sunday Strong winds dimin ishing Sunday night alinnesola Light showers chang ing to snow flurries Saturday night Sunday partly cloudy west snow flurries east and extreme south portion Colder west portion Saturday night and entire state Sunday Fresh to moderately strong winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday Minimum Friday night At 8 a m Saturday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 42 30 32 30 25 HIGH SPEED CLAIMED FOR NEW SPANISH TRAINThis new typediesclDowered Spanish train shown from the rear at the station in Guadalajara is claimed to sneecl it 80 nnles an hour around mountain curves where normal train speeds not exceed 31 mileS an nOUlWithout hoinrr i IIUL HACLBCl Oi miles an hour without being derailed The claim the commerce department was reported in an article published by Expect 100 Arrests to Be Made in Dining Car Swindle Washington bureau of investigation agents Satur day began arresting large numbers of Union Pacific diningcar waiters flnn nr to and stewards on charges of holding receipts from meals served on the Union Pacifics OmahaLos Angeles train the Challenger The FBI announced here that dozens already have been taken Into custody in Los Aneeles Las Vegas Nev Omaha and other cities on the Challengers run Total arrestsare expected to be more UlHVWierallroad bas lost Vjiiir the FBI said but no customers lost moczy FBI Director J Edgar Hoover said officials of the Union Pacific cooperated with the FBI jn a lengthy investigation which cul minated late Friday in the indict ment of the employes by a federal grand jury at Los Angeles The FBI announcement said the racket on each train was di rected by the stewards who are accountable for all funds The swindling was accomplished by using meal checks more than once or by failing to give checks and pocketing the money paid by cus tomers the statement said The FBI said that on occasions waiters have failed to jive meal checks to entire seatings of 68 servicemen customers The money paid then was split equally be tween waiters and stewards One stewards report indicated that 65 meals were served but FBI agents some of whom posed as stewards discovered that 118 customers were in the dining car during the serving period When the diningcar crew sus pected that inspectors were aboard they realized that an un usual Increase in receipts might be noticed and sometimes discour aged patronage by having a wait er emphasize in announcing meals that fish would be served the FBI said As the employes were taken under arrest standby crews were ready at intermediate points o take over The waiters and stewards who will be arraigned immediately at the points of arrest were charged with conspiracy in violation of the covers thefts or swindles in any passenger car sleeping car or dining car on an interstate train Maximum penalty is 2 years in prison and a fine of 510000 Jeffers Complaint Was Made to FBI Omaha Ufi Twentyone Ne gro waiters and 2 white stewards of the Union Pacific railroads OmahaLos Angeles train the Challenger were arrested by federal bureau of investigation agents Saturday and charged with violation of the theft from inter state shipment statute Special Agent Duane t Tray nor said the 23 men were part 6t more than 100 Union Pacific din ing car stewards and waiters who were being arrested in several cities along the Union Pacific line Saturday by the FBI The men were indicted Friday by a federal grand jury at Los Angeles William Jeffers president of the Union Pacific complained to the FBI last July that the rail road was hot obtaining the rev enue it should from the operation of its dining cars The loss ap peared to be the greatest on the Los Angeles coach section In vestigation was limited to that Irain Special agents rode the Challenger as passengers for sev eral weeks The agents discovered lhat the stewards and waiters wore col laborating to steal the revenue of at least onethird ot all meals served by using meal checks over again The steward and assistant stewards split the price ot the meal with the waiters who served The FBI discovered that the stew ards averaged about a round trip making 3 round trips a month and assistant stewards av eraged a little less Waiters av eraged about to 30 a round tap IOWS PLANT AREAS LAGGING Rural Areas Leading in War Bond Purchases Des Moines State war bond officials declared that the Oth war loan campaign was lag ging seriously in many of Iowas industria cen ters where thousands are employed in war work They said residents of the states rural areas were leading sub scriptions for both series E bondquotagand total quotas An announce ment from the federal reserve bank Chicago showed sales ot 512200000 as of Nov 22 The series E bond total was lowas campaign goal is fhc E set at la Sephawks Iowa 4FINAL Michigan Ohio State FINAL Minnesota Wisconsin STALEMATE ON FRONT WEST OF COLOGNE ENDED Report Germans Sent Reeling Back Before Attack by Doughboys Paris Ufi Bayonetswinging doubhgoys burst out of the Hurt Jen forest southeast of Aachen Saturday in a furious charge vhich sent the Germans reeling aack in panic and broke the stale mate on the Rhineumd front west of Cologne Lt Gen Courlncy II victory on the rim of the Hurt Ken forest turned the tide of the battle on the Aachen front east ward again after counterblows by nasscd German forces had edged he allies back in some sectors and stalled the threearmy push to ward the Rhine The 10 day battle of fhe Hurtgen forest one of the grimmest and Jloodiest of the war in which thou sands of men on both sides have fallen came to a resounding cli max when U S 1st army troops slashed their way out on to the Cologne plain a few miles south west ot Duren We have got the ball rolling now United Press War Corres pondent Henry T Gorrell said in a dispatch from the forest The Germans are yielding ground and we aim to keep them rocked back on their heels The break on the Aachen front came with an improvement in the weather High clouds rolled away and the sun broke through after a morning rain Waiting Thunder bolt divebombers smashed Ger man transport and gunned the nazis in the front lines The Yanks in the northern tip of the Hurtgen forest went over the top with bayonets gleaming and closed with the Germansrfh an attack hat panicked Ihe nazi ranks which had been reinforced ovcrniffht Striking without artillery prepa ration the Americans engaged the enemy hand to hand put them to flight and United States guns mowed them down by the score as they broke from the woods into the open The break out came in the area ot Grosshau 5 miles southwest of Duren and 12 miles southeast of Aachen The owns of Hurtgen Kleinhau and Grosshau were un der intense artillery fire have taken many prisoners this morning Gorrell reported Fifty men and one officer sur rendered in a body as soon as the boys went over the top The Ger mans complained they hadnt eat en for 3 days 1 saw our infantry herding pris oners back through acres of pines of branches indicative of Ihc ferocity of the 10day battle I saw our jeeps equipped with Inters sUUierin under shell fire through the mud to collect our wounded And I saw men pouring in by the truckload as replace ments for casualties1 Among the officers commanding the assault troops were Major lames C Kemp of Clemson college Maj George M Gofonh of Shelby N Car and Ll Col Tom Kenan of Atlanta Lt Col Carl Warren of Opelika Ala commanded the gunners who mowed down the Germans as they emerged from the forest Will BOD yards lo go Kemp lined up his men in a cold pre dawn drizzle Lets gev lo hell out of these woods men he told them Were going to do ittoday or die in the attempt Many did die but they are out of the woods now The doughboys closed so fast on the dugiii Germans that the en emy artillery did not get firing orders until they were at hand lo hand grips with the nails The German shells fell harmlessly be hind the Americans and the nazis couldnt adjust their fire for fear of killingtheir own men Our artillery working in close synchronization with forward ob servers pumped in short fused air bursts The screaming Hcinios ran like stuck pigs in all directions crazed and tonguetied by fear and doz ens of German stragglers now are being rounded up in the woods sometimes a mile or two from the actual scene of fighting Gorrell reported rVLLIEO FORCES ARE NEAR JUNCTION London Paris radio said Saturday that French forces were moving toward a junction between virtually liberated Stras bourg and Colmar to the south Notre Dame Georgia Tech i Indiana Purdue 4 FINAL ;