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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 25, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Li Sroar AN VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Five Cents a Copy Betio Falls as Climax to Victory in Gilberts ALL BUT FEW OF JAPS KILLED IN MASON City IOWA THURSDAY NOVEMBER 25 1943 HOME EDITION mrrn 4 DAY BATTLE New Thrusts May Soon Come From Strategic Airfield on Atoll Pearl Harbor a bloody 4day battle Americans have an nihilated all but a few ot Ihe Japanese on the Gilbert islands climaxing their conquest with the capture of Betio and its strategic airfield from where new thrusts may come soon Betio fell to Maj Gen Julian C Smiths 2nd marine division at clnsk Tuesday most of its 4000 defenders dead or dying on its sanuy battlefield Even as it was overwhelmed marines and soldiers were ferret ins out remnants of the enemy 011 the other 2 atolls Makin and Abemama The Japanese foughtback des perately on Betio largest of the Tarawa atolls It was there HIE enemy had gathered most oE his strength to try to save his air base facilities Only a few hours before the decisive blow the de fenders counterattacked fiercely They not only failed but actually hurried their end for as a navy spokesman said it enabled the marines to concentrate their fire No time was wasted by the Americans in mopping up or in constructing new defenses on the island U was almost certain that army engineers already had be gun building entrenchments on Makin Repairs probably have begun too on the excellent airfield at Tarawa for more blows at the Japs possibly toward the more strongly defended Marshall islands a couple of hundred miles to the north or toward Nauru to the southwest in the direction ot Rabaul again perhaps at Truk itself 1600 miles on west and the nub of Japans sea might Admiral Chester W Nimitz commander in chief of the Pa cific fleet mincing no words about attacks which may soon fork from this 1st central Pacific land invasion has told newsmen they might expect attacks wher ever thc Japs are Few Japanese were taken pris oners Nimitx said Wednesday as he announced the midPacific vic tories accurate estimate could be made of casualties on either side but that the enemys losses been heavy Bombings by the 7th army air forcc begun both on the Mar shalls and the Gilberts a week before the invasions are continu ing on the Marshalls where they are oemg carried out by liberators based on the Ellice islands nearly 1500 miles southeast of the Mav shalls with the help of torpedo and divebombers from carriers Betio fell just 76 hours after tne American amphibious forces waded on to its low sandy shores last Saturday its conquest was the shortest siege of such a strong ly defended island in the Pacific I nc Japs hammered historic island dcfnndcd only by few hundred marines for 17 dp fore its capture ays be ims Animals in Berlir Zoo Liberated by Bombing Are Shot Stockholm and bears of Berlins zoo liberated during the record Monday niht raids were hunted and shot at Tiergarten park by guards with machine guns travelers arriving here by plane from the devastated German capital said Wednesday night Other reports to the Swed ish press said that every building m the zoo was destroyed Series of Mishaps Dogs Army Sergeant Atchison Kans Msgt Jay Magcr Jr of Dcnlon Kans en listed in the army at thc start ot thc war and since has Contracted influenza suffered a severe steam burn undergone an appendectomy and suffered a spine injury in a truck accident At last he wrote he was able to be shipping overseas But on the way to the em his bus collided Wagers hip and leg were brok 1 the ship sailed without barkation point with a horse en him YOUTH SENTENCED DCS Moines JuoVe C Edwin Moore Wednesday sen tenced Harold Chester Cochran 10 of DCS Aloines to a term of no to exceed 10 years in Anamosa reformatory on a breaking and entering charge 4 Destroyers Sunk by U S in Night Fight Southwest Pacific Allied Head Puarters blazing in the 1st dark hours of Americas Thanksgiving day swift United States warships all but wiped out 6 enemy destroyers Thursday dur ing a 2hour running battle which extended to within 90 miles of Ra baul Japanese naval and air fort ress Moving boldly near the en trance of St Georjres channel whose waters wash between New Britain anil New Ireland the American destroyers sank 4 of the Nipponese ships A 5th was dam aged but managed to escape with the other survivor into the black tropical night Adm i 1 11 a m F Halseys spokesman said the decisive ene my defeat which the outnum bered American units inflicted without loss to themselves thwarted an attempt to remove key personnel from oftenbombed Buka on the northern tip of al liedinvaded Bougainville in the Solomons Such a significant move coul mean that Japan hardpressed from the invaded Gilberts to the jungles of northeastern New Guinea along her outpost island defenses may be preparing to pull out of hoilast holdings in the Solomons Buka Bougainville Choiseul and thc Not until almost dawn did the little group of destroyers com manded by Capt Arleigh Burke of Washington D C give up the daring chase which look them within easy raiiRe of Rubanls net work of airfields Tel they re turned without a battle scar Gen Douglas JIacArthur reported The entire action opening at 145 a m took place in seas far above the Empress Augusta bay beaehhead on Bougainvilles west central coast where jungletight ing marines and soldiers have ex tended their hold more than a mile along the shoreand several miles inland The humiliatingnaval blow at Rabauls waning prestige in creased Japanese warship losses in that area during November to 14 destroyers and 4 cruisers sunk 20 destroyers and 15 cruisers dam aged or probably damaged The bulk these losses have been in flicted by Halseys and MaeAr thurs bombers there having been only 1 other naval battle The scene of Thursdays battle was far north of thc other en gagement fought before dawn Nov 2 40 miles from the newly won Empress Augusta beachhead In that encounter the American warships sank a Jap cruiser and 4 destroyers damaged 2 cruisers and 2 destroyers out of a task force of 12 and emerged with some damage but all afloat Thursdays battle disclosed that United States warships daringly are on patrol in waters between Bougainville and Xew Britain where hitherto they had been re ported to have ventured only for 2 swiftlyexecuted night bombard ments of Buka Intercepting the southbound destroyers Captain Burkes force quickly sank 2 with torpedoes Thc remainder turned about but Amer gunncry from forward batteries proved devastating during the subsequent chase On land sea and in the air the northern Solomons operations fa vored the allies Bougainvilles long inoperative airfields south east of the American beachhead were ripped by 52 more tons of aerial explosives and Buka was pounded by 44 tons Ranging ever closer to the Phil ippines American liberators sank an 8000ton enemy freighter transport in the vicinity of Hal ma hera in the Dutch East Indies southeast ot Mindanao Buy War Savings Bonds and Slamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy LISTEN to Service Unlimited The first of a series of quar terhour dramatizations of the merciful work of the American Red Cross featuring renowned stars of stage screen and ra dio will be heard over KGLO BOO on your dial at oclock Thursday night This opening show featur ing the work of the junior Red Cross will star Kenny Baker radio tenor Bill Stern famed sports announcer and Joseph Julian radio actor of renown Thomos L Connor chair man of the Cerro Gordo County Red Cross chapter will make some brief an nouncements of local interest BRITISH BATTER ACROSSSANGRO RIVER DEFENSE Crack Piece Out of Hitlers Winter Line in Italian Battles Allied Headquarters Algiers fT Sir Bernard L Montgom erys 8th army has battered its way across the swollen Sungro river the toughest obstacle yet encoun tered in the march up the Italian peninsula in the face of ferocious fire and thereby has cracked a piece out of AdolfHitlers winter defense line allied headquarters announced Thursdav A bridgehead 9000 yards wide and 2000 yards deep has been firmly established and held against furious counterattacks it was stated In this first fullscale dent carved by Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys troops in the so called winter line set up by thc Germans the enemy put up the strongest resistance Reports reaching headquarters said nazi prisoners said they had been ordered to hold their posi tions at all costs The onslaught across the river on a front of a little more than 5 miles was made during the past feudays official reports said Veteran German forces imme diately began stashing back and bloody fighting raged as the Brit ish slowly forced the enemy back a distance of nearly a mile nncl a half from the northwest banks of the flooded stream The bridgehead was established in the lowland area near thc riv ers mouth on Jhe Adriatic and in cludes the sites of one railroad trestle and two highway bridges whose restoration would insure a steady stream of reinforcements and supplies for the troops hold ing the newlywon ground Official sources announced that the German 65th infantry division was thrown against the British in desperate counterattacks to prevent a breach in thc river line One prisoner from this division told 8th army officers his unit had been directed to beat back at tacks at all costs The toehold across the Sangro was gained in a flat area which still was overlooked by eneinv un positions in the hilly areas a short distance beyond the river Advances announced Wednes day on Montgomerys left flank brought the 8th army against the approaches to the Sangro river line on virtually ils entire length from the Adriatic o a point some miles inland The 8th armys achievement in blasting a way across the Sangro was one of the most spectacular of the entire campaign A mili tary commentator said it was accomplished in the face of four mud a very swol len river and a very determined enemy The Germans previously had utilized a lull imposed by bad weather to deepen their defen sive linos for several miles be hind the Sangro Thus the pres ent bridgehead represented only an initial bite into n formidable series of strong points Establishment of a bridgehead however meant that the last big water barrier short of the back door to Rome had been hurdled Hickenlooper Demands Immediate Adjustment of Coal Price Ceilings Des Moines demand by Gov B B Hickenlooper for im mediate upward adjustments in ceiling prices on Iowa coal in or der to keep mines in operation was on its way to Washington Thursday Tile governor marie public thc contentsof a letter he lias sent to four major Washington officials Tile governor wrote The failure of government encies to make temporary ad justment in Iowa coal ceiling prices in keeping with the known and admitted increased costs of production is not only inexcusable but is driving our coal industry into bankruptcy The governor said Iowa coal operators rcopencd their mines under terms of thc new coal wage rcement knowing they would operate temporarily at a loss but in reliance upon the assurances of government agencies that a speedy and adequate adjustment ot prices would be permitted The miners have to be paid and the operators must get the cost of production or they cant operate he said The governor said ihcre seemed to be 3 or 4 government agencies involved in the price control mat ter and that it adds up to ultcr confusion Yanks Around World Mark Thanksgiving By THE ASSOCIATED PKESS With critical military opera tions in progress or in prospect in the farflung TJiJs Paper Two One places of the world prayers for the safety of loved ones it ml for the success of our a r m s mingled with the voic ing of thanks a millions o A m e r i c a n homes and in t h o u sands of places of wor ship Thursday For this was Thanksgiving 1943 stripped of the air of festivity that marked the holiday in other carefree times Hundreds of thousands men and women spent the day away from their army and navy posts on battle fields and beside the production line Ashore and at sea there were turkey dinners tor the fighters leisurely dinners for those back of the Tiriujj lines hurried for those who kept 1 eye on the plate and the other on the enemy The thunder of isuns in a naval battle in the southwest Pacific opened Than ksgiving day for 1 group o t Americans On ihc Italian f r o u t United States troops bored on against the nazi line President Hoose velts Thanksgiving proclamation was read by the commanders of the nations forces deployed on distant fronts Americas allies joined in the observance Even in distant Jugoslavia General Mihailovicli commander of partisan forces ordered bon fires lighted on the top of the NO 4 RAF Mosquito Bombers Harass Berlin as Smoke Rises From Conflagrations J t free mountains showing the enemy that our people have linked their faith with the faith of thc Ameri can democracy Thc united nations relief and rehabilitation administration a group of ministers and experts representing43 nations look a lit tle time oft from their session at Atlantic toward helping the worlds sit down to an old fashioned Thanksgiving dinner In Washington the capital gen erally kept to a workday sched ule postponing dinner until eve ning Workers at the huge war departments Pentagon building however found a chance to cat an repast A 35cent price lag was on thc turkey feed at the cafeterias in the big building overlooking the Potomac The usual sports program for the day was one nf the big cas ualties Bis time football games were scarce But so were turkeys for thetur key dinners in many localities Report Pope Working f or Mediation Bern Switzerland Easier Nachrichten said in a dis patch from the Swiss border lown of Chiasso Thursday Ihat Pope Pius XIr had undertaken a mission of mediation between Germany and the allies No independent confirmation was obtainable from diplomatic or church sources although the dispatch quoted Italian CaUiolic circles as thc basis of ils infor mation The Easier Nachrichtens cor respondent said thc pope def initely had increased his diplo matic discussions greatly in the last few days seeing the German British French and American envoys to the Holy Sec Thief Takes 10000 Expired Ration Stamps Charlotte X Car thief broke store into and J E Kellys grocery stole 10000 ration stamps Every one had expired last Saturday has IOWAX GETS AWARD london British DFC been awarded to George Basaricli 30 of Clinton Iowa for his part in air operations in Tu nisia Sicily and Italy Basarich is an RFAC pilot officer BERLIN STREET SEARED BY FLAMEThis is a view of Leipzig strassc one of thc bestknown thoroughfares i Berlin which was reported blazing the wholu length ac corchiig to a Swiss report after RAF plane raids Russians Indicate German Drive Against Kiev Halted TRAIN SMASHES INTO WRECK 2 Killed and 50 Hurt in Double Accident Younestown Ohio IP The Baltimore Ohio railroads Am bassador train carrying ncariv 400 passengers smashed into the loco motive of an alreadywrecked Pennsylvania freight train Wednesday nigtu killing 1 per sons and possibly a Jrd and in juring nearly 50 but none criti cally The wreck which derailed the Ambassadors Diesel locomotive and 5 coaches occurred only or minutes after the Pennsylvania train crashed into a B O freight a mile and onehalt east of nearby Newton Falls The Am bassador was enroutc from Detroit to Washington The identified dead were Guy McGowan 53 Cleveland fireman and Louis Fleisgartcn Cleve land engineer both members o the Pennsylvania crew Rescuers searching through the wreckage said an unidentified sailor reported dead might be a 3rd vic timc There was a shock and a thud said Cpl Al Bennett of Bay City Mich a passenger in the 2nd coach The coach turned over throwing passengers in all direc tions A soldier yelled Take it easy folks and everyone will got out and that seemed to uiiel the passengers the Pennsylva nia trains wits de railed so it projected over thc ad joining truck into thc Ambassa dors patii At least JiO persons were treated hospitals at Warren ami others received onlhcsccnc aid Most of the injured were in the 1st n coaches which tilted on thcir sides The caboose nt the B O freight caught fire lighting the wreck scene 111 infantry tanks and planes still battered inst a stiffening red army line qr miles west ominuniquo first in la days to indicate that Field Marshal tMU von Mann steins desperate drive to recap ture the Ukrainian capital had been halted declared All attempts of the Germans o penetrate our defenses mcl with failures Our jjuimcrs in fantry and tankmen inliicted heavy losses on the Germans and improved their positions Thc German communique said more ground had been sained west ot Kiev but admitted that nazi lines west and north of Gomel in White Russia had boon breached The Russians also were de clared by Berlin to Ije tinListing against Kheison at ihe mouth of the Dnieper river where hcavv fighting continues despite bad weather The Russians also breached nazi lines south of Krcmenchus in the Dnieper bend but Berlin said the attackers were annihilated by counterattack Earlier the Berlin radio had claimed the capture of Brusilov midway between Zhitomir and Kiev and Chornyakhov a rail road town IS miles north of Zhit omir while the Russians have ad mitted the loss of some towns and villages in this sector ot thc Kiev bulge Thursdays bulletin indi cated the German drive had beer halted short of those 2 cities Tlic Russians saiil they killcil 1300 Germans and destroyed tanks in rcpulsiiiR Wednesdays attacks in the Kiev area while ac counting for an additional 4000 nazis and 30 tanks in other actions which extended from Gomel in ihe north to the lower end of thn Dnieper river bend Whether Von Mannstcin had exhausted his strength in the bit ter fighting of the pnsl 12 day was problematical but previous reports had said he had been or dered to break the Russian lines before Kiev at costs Indira lions that he had been halted halfway to Kiev led lo thc belief that Gen Nikolai VatiHin whose forces reportedly were intact might now try to resume his of fensive toward the Polish border Accepts Invitation With Straight Face Ilutcfiiiison Kan Date Dawson of the naval air base attended church and sat next a woman who wanted to be hospi table to visiting servicemen She invited him to dinner Dawson ac cepted with a straight face Hes r a Hulchinson resident and iiad been attending thai church lot years RUSSIANS APPEAR TO BE DEFEATING LAST GASP Moscow The red army ap peared Thursday to be overcom ing successfully the German last Rasp attack 45 miles west of Kiev Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Cloudy light rain and cold er in west and central portions Thursday light rain changing to snowflurries Thursday night snow flurries in extreme cast Friday colder in west Thurs day colder in extreme west and warmer in extreme east por tion Thursday night colder Fri day IN MASON CITY lUaxinium Wednesday 39 Minimum Wednesday night 2 At R a m Thursday 33 After a dopcn days of violent battle along the edge or the Kiev bulge in the western Ukraine tlic Russians reported they not only were repulsing enemy assaults agijnsl thc Brusilov and Chcrnya khov sector but improving their own Berlin claimed both towns cap tured Foreign military opinion was that if the Germans were unable to make any headway with such strong forces as they have concen trated for this attack after lie Russians had been advancing for 4 months the chances of further major comitcroffcnsives from the Germans were cxlremely slight FOUND GUILTY IN MURDER CASE lowan Accused of Death of Invalid Father Sisourncy fP Carl Knox 30 year old livestock buy er was found guilty of 1st degree murder in the death of his in valid father Waller Knox bSI by a district court jury which re turned it verdict early Thursday and recommended life imprison ment District Judge P 1 Siegers set Dec 7 as the date he would pro nounce sentence The jury ot i women and G mei returned its verdict at a in after being out 11 hours Knox wept quietly when the verdict was read lie was returned to Kcokuk county jail Knox was charged with poison ing his father last July 21 They shared a small frame home in Sigourncy The elder Knox was paralyzed and the son reported July 2Z that his father died of natural causes the previous night Knox was arrested July 31 alter a ID day investigation which was begun after Kcokuk County Cor oner Iriin II Reynolds burns about tiie fathers and evidence ot a beating During trial Knox main tained his innocence on thc stand and Ihc defense suggested the possibility that the father had committed suicide Ask Big 3 Urge Nazis to Quit War Inmlini reports of m imminent meeting of Prime Minister Churchill President Roosevelt and Premier Joseph Stalin remained uiicutifirmccl Thursday a member of parlia ment proposed thai thc li leaders issue a joint statement to lie Germans urging them to abandon the war PALL SPREADS TO 300 MILES FROM CAPITAL Stockholm Accounts Indicate Many Sections of City Still Afire London RAF mos quito bombers set the air raid sirens howling in Berlin for the ird successive night by stabbing at Uie German capital again Wednesday nitlit as smoke still rose skyward from conflagrations set by Britains heavy bomber fleets The purpose of the attack from which only 1 uf the raiders failed Lo return obviously was to harass and confuse the battered defenses of the city which al ready had been burned and dev astated on a state hitherto un known A thick yellow iiall of smoke spread UO miles from thc Ger man as Ihc Swedish cast the speedy allwood bombers set thc sirens to wailint again The Britishbased offensive ent on into the daylight hours Thursday Several waves ot allied aircraft medium bombers with fighter through bril liant channel sunshine toward the continent early Thursday Thc effect of the mosquito raid must have been to put a new strain on the morale ot dazed Report Germans Start Wholesale Berlin Evacuation Stockholm leaders were reported setting in motion a wholesale evacui tiim of Merlin where rasing fires liimllcrf by British bombardment sent clonus of smoke drifting al 13 300 miles across thc Baltic the tllc coast The navicontrtillcd Scandin avian telegraph bureau reported frum Berlin thai Martin Bormann deputy parly leader had notified tlic leaders of socalled bomb free districts f prepare accom modation for 3000000 In IOOOOOD evacuees soon Munich vas liihj that it must lie ready to receive Krcal contin gents of Immbcdoul Bcrliners within the next fcv diys In thc worst cases Unrmann said twice as many persons must live in each unit as it now is nccninndalinjr A Kern dispatch to the Stock holm Tidniiigcns said lie imzi ministries were evacuattus Berlin as rapidly as possible There was feverish activity in all ministries the employes pick ing tip files and documents among the burning debris the dispalch said A continuous flow of trucks loaded with he ministerial arch ives was bound fur safer places noted mouth Berliners who were unable to lell whether to expect another new I mow from the srejit forces r heavy bumbci s which struck i Aluiulay mil Tuesday tiisjhts Only 1 jiHisiiuito a force of iindisclosctl failed o return frcnn the Ucrliu run which in recent months was a familiar trail lor the twinengined aircraft Thc bomber version of the mos quito is capable of carrying 4 300pound datively small change compared with the tne Hint such a statement was coni great 2 and 4ton blockbusters de tcmplalcd by the chiefs of state of Iositccl by Britains 4ciigiiied heavies or Uic previous Z nights The mociiHos have been over berlm 17 since the middle of August YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 30 IOWAX HURT FATALLY Knoxvillc John Prc gon about 40 of Pcrshing Iowa was fatally injured when struck by a truck Wednesday night while walking along the highway near Attica Iowa She and her sister Mrs Floyd Bingaman Columbia Iowa were hitchhiking In Albia to spend Thanksgiving with their mother the big allied powers ported last week Commander Stephen KingHall independent member of the house of commons save notice Thiirsday Ihat he would ask thc prime min ister whether he will consult with Marshal Stalin ami President Roosevelt with a view to issuing a joint message to thc German peo ple analogous to that addressed to the Italian people on Sept II The September statement was an appeal to the Italians to lurn against the Germans Banish Mascot After Half of Crew Risked Lives to Rescue Him Omaha UK ifobo a spotted pup whose origin and ancestry irc unknown is home again banished from the navy Until recently he was mascot ot thc ship on which his master Radioman 1st Class Allen Hodses Omaha served Then Hobo fell half the crew risked their lives to rescue him Thc captain ruled the mascot must leave He could not he said risk having hilf his crew drown every time thc dog fell overboard blanket Oeland nuw tl city in Bv all accounts the heart of nazidom still was a sea of fire V iepoi1 from Stockholm said a of yellow lazc over slancl off the Swedish hVm JOVCIeti thc for 3 nouis Wednesday An RAp commentator indi cated that tiic German capital c most heavily bombed the world would be hit rllci solidly as the weather and strategy permitted declared Destruction was piled on de struction in this weeks 2 mam moth attacks all available in formation snuecsfcd that mclhodi Cjil obliteration of the metropolis Mill had some distance o Ko Hamburg was turned to rubble imcier the impact ot 10000 Ions tons of bombs Hamburg how ever is far smaller in area and Von hin Bcln on which havc fallcn sinco the first of the year Advices reaching here Wednes day through neutral sources said masses of flames still were swccp ms Parts of the city but a Stock holm dispatch reported rain dur ing tlic afternoon lent a welcome helping hand lo fire fighters struggling to overcome the handi ;