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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 24, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER THf HOMf CITY GLOBEGAZETTE TMI NIWSfAMfc THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS N11G H 10 R I HOME EDITION Christmas Cora van Mason City Saturday at 2 p m Prtw and United Full Cents Paptr Two Section Gov Dewey Directs Rail Crash Probe Preliminary Evidence Shows Human Failure Cause of train Wreck New York Thomas E Dewey said Friday that pre liminary evidence indicates a human failure was the cause of the Thanksgiving eve Long Island railroad wreck which took 77 lives Dewey who cut short a Florida vacation to lead one of the several investigations of the wreck started Friday made his statement after a meeting with the state public service commission As the governor spoke there were demands for quick action by national state and city officials to put an end to the carnage onthe LongIsland It was the 2nd ma jor disaster in a year on the rail road Signal Passed Dewey said commission findings showed the Express which plowed into the rear of a stalled train had passed through one warning signal and one stop signal at full speed of between 60 and 65 miles and hour The warning signal was a mile and a half from the scene of the accident Stressing that the investigation had just started the governor declared Whatever the cause human or mechanical the situation on the Long Island railroad is utterly in tolerable I propose to take every step necessary andpossible to make it a safe railroad at the quickest pos sible moment One hundred and ten people have died in the two Long Island wrecks this year The probe headed by Dewey is 1 of 6 that will be made of the crash or the status of the bankrupt railroad The others Include an interstate commerce commission investiga tion starting Saturday and in quiries by The cityof New York the dis trict attorney of Queens county MwhichL tbeowtegk occurred j the ITongIslanH railroad aifdNassau County Executive J Hussell Sprague Newspapers Indignant New York newspapers accented the public indignation The New York WorldTelegram and the Sun headlined Dewey Mayor Spur Probe Stop the Mur der Riders Cry Roused Public Asks Action Against LIRR bannered the Journal American Howard Kiroack of Bellport N Y president of the Suffolk County Commuters association said he had sent a telegram to Federal Judge Harold M Kennedy in Brooklyn declaring the latest wreck proves the judge should dis qualify himself in the Long Island reorganization One reason Kiroack gave was that Kennedyhad appointedafor mer law partner as one of the trustees of the railroad Kiroack said copies of the tele gram were being sent to each member of the judiciary commit tee of the house ofrepresentatives and the U S senate Alfred A Buddenhaven district governor of Lions International announced a meeting of district cabinet members has been called for Monday night to demand greater safety for Long Island rail road passengers Deweymade a pointbypoint summary of the public service in commissions early findings He saidso far the investigation has shown that The record shows that each of the cars on the express had been examined within 45 days prior to the accident and the brakes found to be in perfect mechanical order Tests made after the accident show the brakes on both trains in perfect mechanical order Thesignal system found to be In perfect condition before and after the accident and still is Passes Stop Signal The engineer of the Express Banjamin J Pokorney killed in the crash passed through one warning signal and through one stop signal at full speed of 60 to 65 miles anhour It appears from the commis sion engineers report the tracks show that the brakes were applied 850 feet from the scene the wreck not nearly enough and Ions after he Fofcorney had passed the warning and stop signals While Dewey was meeting with his commission Mayor Vincen Impellitetri went into conference with his fact finding board The mayor also had cut short a vaca tion and flown home Irom Cuba Prior to their meetings botl Dewey and Impellitteri had ex pressed horror and grief over the holiday eve crash which occurree near Kew Gardens one of the citys coziest residential commu nities REPRESENT AUXILIARY DCS Mollies Frank P Abraham Mount Pleasant stat president of the Iowa American Legion Auxiliary and Mrs Blanch G Allbee Des Moines de partmental secretarytreasurer represent the auxiliary at th WKite house conference on chu drtn and youth in Washington 37 NORTH KOREA Morth Iowa and Sales Dace Inflation By DAVE BRYANT GlobeGazette Farm Editor North Iowa farm land prices are eading the cori belt in an infla ibnary trend A survey1 of coun try bankers throughout the 5state area served by the federal re erve bank of ChicagcLS IS PYONGYAN AP Wirephoto ALLIES GAIN IN ALLOUT arrows show area in northwest Ko rea where UN troops are staging an allout offensive to end the war As much as 8 miles was gained in the 1st push In north central Korea UN troops metsome opposition on thewest side of the Changjin reservoir On the eastcoast South Koreans were within 7 miles of Chongjin prices increased an average of 10 r cent from Julyl to Oct 1 The report showed that North owa farm land prices increased more sharply than in any other part of the state or in sections of llinois Indiana Wisconsin and MichiganGreatest increase re ported by any other area was 69 ef cent in north central Illinois Land prices were said to be itronger in Iowa than in any ither state However the states average land price increase was eported at 65 per cent consid erably less than the North Iowa ncrease Northeastern Iowa ex jeriencecL a 46 per cent farm real sstate priceincrease 20 Per Cent Increase Some North Iowa bankers re orted an increase of 20 per cent n farm land prices during the 3 month period Only one section ervedby the federal reserve bank reported a decrease in farm land prices An area in northeastern Michigan reported a drop of 5 per Another area in northeastern Wisconsin reported no change but all other regions experienced farm land price increases In ormation from sources over the nation indicate that farm land rices throughout the United states are the corn belt trend the federal reserve bank re port said Nonfarm operators purchased about J of the farms sold inthe 5state areaThese were about equally divided between local in vestors arid investors from outside the areathe report stated Owner operators purchased 44 per cent of the farms which changed hands and tenantoperators purchased 24 per cent Many Pay Cash Cash transactions accounted for about 40 percent of the farm sales in the 5state area during the 3rd quarter of this year the federal reserve bank survey showed Down payments on pur chases involving credit continue to average about 50 per tent of the sale price In North Iowa 39 per cent of the sales were reported as cash transactions Several bankers in Iowa and Illinois reported that tenant farm ers are having difficulty in locat ing f arms to report said North Iowa bankers reported an average increase of 56 per cent in jeal estate loansonfarm land a compared with the same period in 1950 Short term loans to North Iowa farmers were 20 per cen greater than a year ago according to the survey Mortgage Sfxe Increased The average size of farm mort gage loans has increased in receri months after remaining station SAME BlMk IrktfU ry during 1949 and the early part if this year the report stated Some of the bankers surveyed ndicated little doubt but what arm land prices would continue o advance the federal reserve ank reported Others observed hat present land prices are too ugh to yield a satisfactory return on money invested in farm real estate They believed values would decline as soon as there is any decline in farm product prices or arm income The federal reserve bank report verifies a recent informal survey est dealers made by ette The average North Iowa arm was said to be selling in the neighborhood of an acre oh v 1 A few highly improved arms were changing hands at S350 an acre Yule Parqide Is Postponed The Christmas caravan spon sored by Mason City churchesand retail businessmen was postponed Friday to 2 p m Saturday because of the cold The stores are all ready said a spokesman for the retail division of the Chamber of Commerce but its too cold to ask children to ride on floats in a parade Floats are being sponsored by 12 churches and the retailers will providethe Santa Claus float No Quick End to Cold Wave Des Moines windsand subzero temperatures combined Friday lor Iowas coldest weather of thewinter season The weather bureau offered no encouragement for any quick end ingof the frigid spell The temperature skidded to 11 degrees below at Cresco early Fri day for the states low Mason City and Dubuque reported 4 below Many otherpoints reported below zero readings Lightshow flurries were report ed at variouspoints in the state but the state highway commission said all highwayswere normal Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Clearing with dimin ishing winds Friday night Low Friday night about 5 below In creasing cloudiness and warmer Saturday High Saturday near 20 Iowa Variable cloudiness again Friday night with a few snow flurries in the east and centra portions Low Friday night zero to 8 above Increasing cloudi gfnning in the afternoon Slowj ly rising temperature Saturday High Saturday 1725 Further outlook Snow Saturday night with lows near 18 above Con siderable cloudiness Sunday and Monday with light snow flurries and remaining rather cold FiveDay Iowa Outlook Temperatures will average 10 to 15 degrees below normal Normal highs near 40 normal lows near 22 Moderating tem perature Saturday and Sunday turning colder with snow flur ries again Monday Warmer Tuesday turning colder Wed nesday Precipitation will av erage a quarter of an inch or less occurring mainly as snow flurries Minnesota Mostly cloudy snow Friday night and Saturday No quite so cold Friday night and in south arid central portions Saturday Low Friday nighi 1015 northeast and zero to 1 above elsewhere High Saturday mostly low and middle IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum 1 Minimum 4 At 8 a m 0 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum PAGE 1 30 J9 Ware Bluejays Nashua N H you mus pfeer into a bluejays nest be pre pared for trouble A Nashua worn an was scratched on the face by twofuripus jays when she tried tc examine a nest containing babj birds A newspaper boy drove of the attackers UN Troops Gain 15 Miles in 100 Man Offense Allied Losses Unusually Light Says Mac Arthur Tokyo Nations forces rolled forward up to 15 miles across northwest Koreas nomans land Friday in the opening phase of Gen Douglas MacArthurs home by Christmas offensive By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A United Nations 100000man army launched an offen ive on the entire Korean battle front Friday to end the war n a hurry The attack is moving according to schedule General MacArthur announced Friday night Itfollowed a long lull and unconfirmed peace rumors MacArthur made the announcement 12 hours after flyi ng boldly to the northwest rfont to direct the allout as sault v Elsewhere allied divisions forged ahead in a giant pincer movement The assault along the 80mile northwest front was moving ahead Reds Free 30 More Prisoners By DON WHITEHEAD Northwest Front Korea Thirty woundedAmerican pris oners from the ambushedU S 8th cavalry regiment were released Friday by Chinese reds All but 3 were litter cases The Chinese released 27 others Wednesday The 30 included one captain and 3 lieutenants The men were taken to a vil lage near the American lines Thursday night and placed in a Korean house A Chinese guard gave two men a letter to be delivered to U S lines The letten instructed the Ameri jeep with a large flag on itsirigh fender andwith no arms or es cort The lettersaid the jeepwould be permitted to shuttle the jnen back to the American Two prisoners took the letter and walkedtoward theAmerican lines during thenightAn Ameri can task force met them on the road The task force drove j on ahead and found the remaining prisoners in the Korean house The liberated doughboys were taken to aclearing station Report ers were forbidden to see them One of the prisoners told offi cers he was with a group sur rounded and captured after a 3 day fight with the red Chinese and North Koreans nearUnsan Announce Nations Top4H Winners Chicago An OMahom youth and a North Carolina girl were announced Friday as the na tions top allaround 4Hers Porter Lee Jr 18 of Beggs Okla and Carolyn Durham Smith 20 of Andrews N Car won scholarships to the college of their choice plus silver trophies awarded by President Truman as winners in the national 4H achievement awards program Second place winners awarded scholarships were Malcolm 19 of Southampton Mass and Marjorie Jean Smal lidge 20 of St Paul Minn WILL DEFEND WOMAN Waukon Sheridan Waukon attorney who success fully defended Arthur Larson at La Crosse Wis of a charge of slaying his family physician has been engaged to defend Mrs Winifred Cassidy who is charged with murdering Leonard Garin 46 Harpers Ferry farmer Nov 19 photo by Hortlen BIG CHRISTMAS SHOPPING day after Thanksgiving is traditionally the time when heavy Christmas shopping starts in Mason City Despite zero weather shop pers were busy Friday getting holiday purchasing underlay The above picture shows a group at the hosiery counter in a downtown store against stubborn but failing re sistance MacArthursaid Gains ranged up to 8 miles UN losses were extraordinarily ight as the allies pushed to ward mountains where an estimated 100000 reds are entrenchedMac Arthur said newred armies had joined the defenders but didnt amplifythe statement Strong Air Support Allied aircraft provided a full aerial umbrella for the advance The entire giant pincer move mentMac Arthur said is geared for a sustained offensiveto end the warbefore Christmas The justice of our cause the supreme commander said anc promise of early completion of our mission is reflected in the moral of troops and commandersalike tKe northwesttoward the Yili river borderfof Manchuria the day was floofledK witl peace rumors Hetoldjhisj front line 5 Tell the boys when they reach the Yalu they are going home want to make good on my state ment that they are going to ea Christmas dinner at home He did not elaborate It seemed doubtful that many American troops could be jnoved back to the U S by Christmas even if they started now Jet Escort Later MacArthur flew over enemy lines and along the wind ing Yalu Then he returned to Tokyo He was escorted by jet fighters Combat troops of 3 allied corps jumped off in freezing weather Friday morning along an 80mile front The U S 2nd and 25th divi sions and a Turkishbrigade quick ly moved up to take over a 25 inile sector in the middle of the line The by alliec planes met little opposition There were gains also on the northeast Korean front The north west push began from a line 45 to 60 miles south of the ted border A tankled U S 24th division task force drove 8 miles west on the road to Sinuiju entryway for Chinese communist armies in the extreme northwest Sinuiju was in flames Friday presumably from new allied war attacks The24th divisionreached Nae chongjphg oh the same route i traveled 4 weeks ago to within 14 milesof the Manchurian border before Chineseredattacks forced itswithdrawal ROKs Unopposed On therightflank two columns the Republic of Korea 1st divi sion on Tae chbn major communist base anc key roadiounction on highways tothe vital Suiho hydro electric development The columns were 7milessouth and southeast ofTaechon A 25th division task force of the 9thcorps rescued 26 American prisoners of war during a 7 mile advancenorth of Yongbyon Mosl of prisoners were wounded and suffering from frost bite The rescue was in the general area where Chinese reds other American POWs two days ago The 25th division spearheaded by two tank columns bracketed Ipsok Elements of the U S 2nd divi sion attacking after a nightlong artillery barrage pushed more than 6 miles moving 3 miles be yond the rail center of Kujang against small arms and mortar fire i The ROK 2nd corps on the right flank of that drive advanced more than a mile The ROK 7th division moved up to positions 6 miles north of Tokchon Many Advances The ROK 8th division advanced to a point 7 miles north of Yong woh Less than half of the 8th armys 100000 men were committed to the initial stages of the offensive Mobibzed behind the spearheads were wellorganized and well supplied ready to exploit AP Wirephoto CHINESE RED DELEGATION GREETED BY MALIK head of the Chinese communist delegation WuHsiu ehuan right is greeted by Russias Jacob Malik left aa the Chinese arrive at Idlewild airport in New from London In center background is JuliuszKatzSuchy head of the Polish UN delegation The Chinese communist delegation is in New York for talks at the UN security council Chinese Arrive for Talks Bringing Peace Greetings i Lake Success A 9mem ber Chinese communist delegation arrived jat Idlewild international airport Friday and a few theChi nese reds immediately t i w 7 11 i j any breakthrough in the deep de fenses the reds have been reported building in the mountains The heaviest opposition i re ported wasTin northcentralKorea iLithe Chinese reds JEhrew thepreviously S 7th marine regimentmoving up the west side of Changjin reser voir The 7th inarines fought through deep snowdrifts and 5 heavilyde fended Chinese roadblocks They smashed an estimated 1OOC reds toja point3 miles south of Yudam western tip of the great reservoir a special communique an nouncing the start of the western offensive MacArthur said If successful this should for all practical purposes end the war restore peace and unity to Korea enabje the prompt withdrawal of United Nations military forces and permit thecomplete assumption by the Korean people and nation of full sovereignty and interna tional equality It is that for which we fight 3Week Air Attack The way was paved MacArthur said by a 3week air attack of model coordination effec tiveness which cut off free move ment of red reinforcements and essential supplies The advance was ordered after the eastern sector of the pincer with noteworthy and effective naval support has steadily ad vanced in a brilliant movement that cut the graphical potential in two He spoke of new redarmies in this communique but did not elaborate His briefing officers ex plained it wouldnot be advisable for us to exposewhat we know about theenemy MacArthur drove about 40 miles in a bouncing jeep through winter to visit the U S 1st and 9th corps V He paid a special visit to the U S24th division There he told Maj Gen John JE Church haddiscussed with President Trii man a presidential citationto the division for its delaying action in the bitter yearly days of the Ko rean war His lasted 4 hours and coincided with the kickoff or the off ensive Timing of the big push Wash ington dispatches said was de cided on military rather than dip lomatic considerations The offensive cameon the heels of a flood of peace rumors Diplo matic authorities in Washington said the assault might help chances for a peaceful settlement MacArthur flew over redheld Korean territory enroute Hack to Tokyo JHis4 plane circled several times over flaming Sinuiju while the general studied damage done by U S bombers tothe bridges across which Chinese reds had poured intoKorea His plane flew over Suiho dam along the Yalu where strongest Chinese resistance is expected Then it climbed to fly over the high mountains in the center of thepeninsula across Changjin andPujon reservoirs and Hyesan jin Sobriety Required Lovlntton N Mex pi Parker was fined after plead ing guilty to piloting a plane while intoxicated Police Chief R W Hill said Parker was arrested after he buzzed Lovington at 300 feet in a on Formosa The general assemblys 60na tionpolitical committee tiow its considering Russian charges of American aggression agafnst China The charges grew out of President Trumans order sending the U S 7th fleet into Formosa strait to prevent a spreading of the Korean war Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Jacob A Malik made the request hat the Chinese reds participate n the proceedings Nationalist Chinas T F Tsiang expressed vigorous opposition iU S Delegate JohnFoster Dulles said I have no desire to speak on this question Tsiang said This red regime has not the legal competence to offer a complaint on the partof my country This is a propaganda trick Russia is sponsoring Red Chinas accusations against the United States by means ofsoviet resolu tion beforethe political commit tee The security council also has this matter before it The Chi nese communists were invited to Lake Success to participate in the security councils discussions They were met at the airport by Malik and representatives of other soviet bloc countries They refused to speak to reporters as they alighted from a British Over seas Airways plane Later in a statement to the press Wu Hsuichan leader of the dele gation said he hoped the UN would give just treatment to the red Chinese charge that the United States has committed armed ag gression against Formosa Proclaims Friendship He said such just helpful to peace and curity in the Pacific and in Asiar Wu declared a profound friend ship has always existed between the Chinese people and the Ameri can people V avail myself of this opportunity to convey my greet ings topeacerloving people in the United States he said Wu spoke to oneof largest groups of reporters tographers television and news reel men ever gathered at Idle wild airport lesser members of the delegation chatted with Malik The full translation of his state ment distributed by a UN attache On the instructions of the cen tral peoples government of the peoples republic of China I am tere to attend themeeting of the United Nations security council which will discuss the charge of armed aggression against Taiwan Formosa Hopes for Just Treatment I hope that this brought by the central peoples government of the peoples republic of wijl receive just treatment If 90 wM be r helpful to peace and security in the Pacific and in Asia This is the desire of the al peoples government of tht peoples republic of China and Qit 475000000 Chinese people A profound friendship has al ways existed between e Chii people and the PM wish to avail myself of unify to convcyjlilijrf ;