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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 24, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION W H I 8 I I W 1 VOtUV Anodated Frew and United PTCM Full Leased Wires Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY NOVEMBER 24 1947 Thli Paper Consists of Two One No 39 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor KGLO Mason CKr Sunday 1245 p WLCX La CTOBJC Sunday p ra f WTAO Quincy Toesdw p m WOI Ames lunday m ji WSUI Iowa City Thursday p Liberalism Returning Hf to Its Old Meaning TyOR quite a years a selfappointed self anointed liberals have quite large ly been persons who believed of 2 things 1 That federal governmen should pretty much control th lives of all citizens or 2 That there must be a close kinship between the America liberal and the Russian lib eral who calls himself a munis t In short our socalled liberal for the most part have been eithe advocates of big government o Russian sycophants iHE plain unvarnished truth i label liberalism ii between tthe 2 worlt on to al manner ofrcccurslons into the re aimof regrnietrfettbnand author itarian government Ideas and ideologies wholly for eign and hostile to the histori concept of liberalism have beei launched and promoted under i counterfeit flag These things I noted in a com mentary a year or so ago and Im gratified in this visit with you tc report what appears to me to b quite definitely a reversal of th trend which went unchecked fo too long in our fair land MAYBE the admonition of Wil liam Aylott Orton in his sig nificant book The Liberal Tra Edition published last year hai i something to do with this revers i al of trend to which I have re jferred i The crying need of modern I liberalism he contended is for i clearer perception of principle A great oldest ani I richest in political all but lost in a fog of careless word and empty phrases Particularly in America the term liberal is being used to cover policies ranging from 19th century laisser feirajtpdictatorial collectivism More it is being de liberately misapplied by persons whose programs whatever their merits are in temper and out look radically alien to liberal tra dition This has become possible be cause the public and the popular press have almost forgotten the existence of political principle in the sense in which Jefferson and Lincoln and Gladstone under stood it FOR a time then at Mr Ortons suggestion lets have a look at the history and evolution of this thing called liberalism then if theres time consider how ii has been manhandled by some of our contemporary demagogs The cradle of liberalism ol course was ancient Greece Plato toyed with the concept but it re mained for Aristotle to give best expression to it Aristotle clung to central theses One was that humans are bet ter ruled by law than by man the other was that government should have a measure of con sent from those governed Paternalism was abhorrent to Aristotle and his notion of con sent lent itself to expansion into popular government A significant milepost in the development of this Grecian ideal was erected 700 years ago when the Magna Charta came into being the first true recogni tion that man has certain rights in government by virtue of being human The first 10 amendments to the American constitution known as the bill of rights constituted an other historic station along the upward course of true liberalisms evolution Best known spokesman for lib eralism in this era was Thomas Jefferson who contended with vigor that that government governs best which governs least And its an anomalous situation that many most earnestly com mitted to regimentation in the contemporary scene worship Jef ferson as their patron saint what strikes me as being the most satisfying definition of liberalism in its current state Ive gone to an eminent British liberal the late Ramsay Muir Liberalism is a belief in the value of human personality and a conviction that the source of all progress lies in the free exercise of individual energy It produces an eagerness to emancipate all in dividuals or groups so that they may freely exercise their powers so far as this can be done with out injury to others It involves a readiness to use the power of the state for the pur poses of creating the conditions within which individual energy can thrive or preventing all abuses of power of affording to citizen the means of acquir ing mastery of his own capacities I CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 FRANCE CRIPPLED BY STRIKES WEEKEND SNOW ICE TO ROADS IN IOWA Highways Are Open But Hazardous New Cold Front Moves Into State By ASSOCIATED PRESS Iowa highways were slippery and hazardous Monday in thi wake of weekend snowfal throughout most of the state The snow ranged up to 3 inches at several points and while al roads were open they were cov ered with ice and packed snow in most areas the highway patro reported The temperature dropped to 5 above at Mason City early Sunday and the weather bureau said the nercury would drop steadily over owa Monday as a new cold fron moved in from the Dakotas No additional snow was expected lowever The states early morning low Monday was 8 above at Spencer and Sundays high was 35 at Sioux and Burlington Points with 3 inches of snow on he ground included Fort Dodge Charles City and Dubuque Spen cer Cedar Rapids Burlington Iowa City and Oskaloosa all hat 2 inches of snow Another inch of snow was added Sunday night to Mason Citys Sat urday snowfall making a total of 2 inches Some drifting was re jorted in the Mason City area jut it was not considered serious The temperature dropped to 15 de grees early Monday morning The state highway commission said additional snow which fel Monday morning in southeast owa sent snow depth up to S inches at some points in that area Highways ate all coated with thick packed snow and are slip saidv fi tie northeast 4 counties ice jin derlays the snow making driving hazardous Around Knox Sigourney and to the south east highways are icy arid very lick The heaviest snowstorm of the eason was blowing out of the reat Lakes and northern mid western states Monday a fore unner of another cold wave for he area The snowfall at Chicago meas ured 4 inches by The weather bureau said however hat most of the snow came with he temperature hovering around he freezing mark and that it urned to slush as it fell on the varm ground in eastern Iowa iprthern Illinois and northern In iana A cold wave considerably be ow normal was moving eastward irom the high plains area and was xpected to spread over most of ae middlewest by morning the veather bureau said Tempera ures at Chicago were expected to egin dropping Monday afternoon from a high of 33 degrees and each a low ofa round 15 Tuesday The midwestern cold blast ex ended from North Dakota where argo reported an icy 9 Monday nto the southwest the weather ureau said Rain was reported in the Ohin nd Tennessee valleys but else vhere the nation generally had lear or partly cloudy weather ith temperatures near the sea onal normals fin S314 Wheat Chicago for deliv ry in December hit a new all me high of a bushel on le Chicago board of trade Mon ay It was the highest price ever aid for December wheat and the ughest for any wheat future paid n the board of trade since the ecember grain hit on Oc ober 23 The last time more money was paid for a bushel of here was during May 1917 May wheat was at Marshall Not for Separate German Pact By R H SHACKFORD XJP Press Correspondent London of Stati George C Marshall is flatly op posed to all suggestions for a sep arate peace with Germany even if the Big 4 council of foreign ministers fails again to reacl agreement it was learned Mon day Proposals that the western powers go ahead with the Gcr man peace treaty without Russia are fantastic officials close ti Marshall said Such suggestion are unrealistic and wholly incou sistent with the basic objective o American policy to restore eventually all of Europe as a com munity of nations A separate peace would dividi Europe forever Our policy event ually should lead to the reuniting of Europeas it has been known for centuries The Big 4 meeting opens Tues day afternoon The delegates belt final meetings among themselves Monday to plot strategy and tac tics A foreign office spokesman said Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin would consult Secretary of State George C Marshall and Russian Foreign Minister Viacheslav Molo tov during the day Their consul tations it was understood wil determine preliminary arrange ments for the opening sessions o the council Tuesday Foreign Minister Georges Bi dault was expected to fly in from Paris before night Dr Kar Sruber foreign minister of Aus tria and Karl Waldbrunner pleni potentiary minister for Austria arrived Sunday night Radio Moscow reported t h a Marshal Vassily Sokolovsky Rus sian military governor of Ger many was in the soviet party On Friday he accused the U S Brit ain and France of multiple tions of the Potsdam agreement it was learned that GenrLuclus D Clay U S military governoi in Germany agrees with Marshal and opposes any policy which would create a formal break with Russia over Germany at this tune Clay who arrived Sunday now believes that after more than 2 difficult years of 4power oc cupation of Germany time at long ast is on the side of the westerr cowers Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Considerable cloudi ness Monday night and Tues day1 With snow flurries Morfday night Continued rather cold Low Monday night 10 to 15 High Tuesday about 32 Iowa Mostly cloudy light snow northeast and snow flurries else where Monday night Snow flurries continuing east portion Tuesday morning Slightly cold er southeast and extreme east early Monday night Tempera tures falling from morning high in east and south portions Low Monday night 15 to 20 High Tuesday in the low 20s Minnesota Mostly cloudy Light snow Monday night heading to ward west portion Tuesday No decided change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics or 24 hour period ending at 8 clock Monday morning Maximum 30 Minimum 15 At 8 a m Monday 15 Precipitation 06 Snow 1 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 55 Minimum 19 GlobeGazette weather statistics or 2i hour period ending at 8 clock Sunday morning Maximum 24 Minimum 5 At 8 a m Sunday 10 TEAR AGO Maximum 20 Minimum 13 Largest LandBased Airplane n World Passes Flight Test San Diego Cal great XC99 largest landbased air e in the worldwas pronounced a success Monday after its first ight Designed to carry 400 soldiers the 6motortd 200000pound Giant ok its maiden flight Sunday before 100000 spectators It was built ir the army by Consolidated Vultee Aircraft Test Pilot Russell Rogers 41 in a slow approach over the city anded the great plane at Lindbergh field after keeping it in the air ir an hour It flew better than I antici ated and I had no trouble ogers said It flies better than a B36 said CoPilot Beryl Erickson who stpiloted the big sister ship of e XC99 It took 10 minutes to turn off e 6 3000horsepower engines he plane was publicized recently by Pan American air lines as the giant airliner of the future How ever the airlines option for a civilian version of the craft was never taken up and was cancelled The plane took off at 108 miles an hour into a 14mile wind Rogers said his top speed was 220 miles but he did not push the giant AP Wircpholo TURKEY Therese Mass looks wideeyed as she clutches her Thanksgiving turkey which she caught in the free turkey chase at Philadelphia The annual event sponsored by Frank Palumbo restaurant owner attracts hundreds of spectators as children scramble through streets in pursuit of the 50 live turkeys Vandenberg Urges Congress to Authorize Stopgap Aid Bill Says US Must Help Europe to Prevent Conflict With Russia Washington Pres ident Arthur H Vandenberg said Monday this country must put western Europe back on its feet so as to help prevent an ultimate conflict with Russia The Michigan republican told the senate congress must author ze the stopgap aid rill for France Italy and Austria and then follow it up with a mul tibilliondollar longrange pro gram of help for the 16 Marshall ilan nations Only thus the foreign relations committee chairman asserted in opening debate on the stopgap measure can be prevented an ul timate conflict which otherwise need never Vandenberg warned that Rus sian wrecking cars already are trying to kill the American aid jrogram He said the project is isky but not as dangerous as let ting our foreign for want of aid which might have kept them alive and free Senate passage of the 5597000 100 measure by Wednesday night s Vandenbergs goat House pas sage will have to come later be cause the house foreign affairs committee has not yet completed work on its version of the bill Meanwhile President Truman reported to congress that as of Sept 30 only worth of goods had been shipped abroad inder the o s t JNRRA relief program for Aus tria Greece Italy Trieste and China China got none of the 006401 tons of commodities hipped in July August and Sep ember because she did not com plete her relief agreement with his country until Oct 27 The stopgap bill being debated n the senate is merely an author zation measure Chairman Styles Sridges of the senate appropria tions committee which with its louse counterpart will have to Dass on money actually spent ac used President Truman of de manding a blank check With nearly a dozen committees leeting congressional ments included Vandenberg and Bridges criticized the price phases f the administrations dual price oreign aid program Vandenberg egretted that Mr Truman saw it to tie this interim and pro gram into his antiinflation mes age Bridges said the president was infringing on congressional owers in asking for holdinre erve authority to impose selec tive pricewarrationing controls TAXFRONT Bridges intro uced a bill to let married couples n all states split their incomes n order to pay lower federal taxes This privilege is granted ow in 13 states Rep Walter C loeser proposed that ongress exempt from income tax tion all corporate income up to 25000 Committee Chairman arold Knutson announced that a new quickie per sonal tax reduction bill is being drafted for the regular session which starts in January VETERANS an Administrator Omar Bradley said his agency cant comply with demands by Speaker Joseph W Martin Jr and Rep John C Brophy that it pay GIs an estimated in in surance dividends senate banking committee approved a bill under which the federal housing admin istration could insure an addi tional worth of housing loans IOWAS TRAFFIC DEATH TOLL 502 4 More Lives Lost in Weekend Accidents By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The death toll in Iowa traffic accidents stood at 502 Monday as 4 persons lost their lives in traf fic accidents over the weekend The crash of a westbound Grey hound bus and a heavilyloaded truck on a bridge a half mile west of Ames on highway 30 Saturday took the life of Frederick W Staf ford 46Fort Dodge truck driver and Injured 5 passengers of the bus and the bus driver Staffords body was pinned in the truck for nearly 3 hours be fore it was extricated by the use of acetylene torches and crow bars The bus driver T R Haley of Omaha was pinned in the bus and rescuers worked an hour be fore extricating him Haley suf fered a broken left leg dislocated hip and bruises Richard Law 26 of Centerville was killed when his car and a 2 ton truck collided on highway 60 2 miles north of Cincinnati Sheriff A G Morlan said the truck was driven by Rex Stull of Livonia Mo Coroner Robert Fen on said an inquest would be held Two youths Dolph Thompson 21 and Dean Speer 16 both of Floris were drowned Saturday when their car skidded off high way 273 near Belknap into 4 feet of water The 2 youths were pinned under the car in the water SAME ck fiar meant iraffJo death in past 24 hours HOUSE FAVORS CONTEMPT FOR MOVIE WRITER Backs Charge Against Maltz in 1st of 10 Cases in Film Probe Washington UR The house started toward criminal prosecu tion Monday the cases of 10 top flight Hollywood directors and writers who refused to tell the house unAmerican activities com mittee whether they are commun ists By a rollcall vote of 346 to 17 the house approved a contempt citation against Film Writer Al bert Maltz He was the first of the 10 movie personalities who were cited by the committee during its recent communisminHollywood investigations The action came after Commit tee Chairman J Parnell Thomas said the committee had informa tion that the witnesses were com munists He said the committee had every right to ask them either to confirm or deny it Rep Chet Holifield who led the opposition to the ci tations protested that the ques tion was an invasion of civil liber ties He urged the house not to be sidetracked by hysterical red baiting After winning house approval of the Maltz citation the commit tee then submitted to the house the names of the others cited They will be subject to prosecu tion in the federal courts of the district of Columbia If convicted they face a possi ble maximum sentence of one year in prison and a fine or both The batch of citations was the second largest ever presented to the house in at single day Thomas in Asking the contempt citations brushed aside the film figures arguments that his com mittee violated their constitutional rights in asking the question Are you now or have you ever been a communist To say that a committee of the congress cannot inquire into the subversive treas onable affiliation if you please Mr an indiyidyal is ridiculous Thomas said The constitution was never intended to cloak or shield those who would destroy it Ask Power to Buy Bad Farm Crops Washington govern ment Monday asked congress for emergency power to buy up en tire farm crops when bad crops threaten the domestic economy or the export program The request was made by Carl C Farrington assistant adminis trator ol the agriculture depart ments production and marketing administration to the joint sen atehouse economic committee He said that even this broad authority may not be enough to i curb inflation and insure foreign aid and repeated President Tru mans request for authority to im pose rationing and price ceilings In the event of an emergency situation such as might be brought about by an extremely short wheat crop for example the powers should be such as to make it pos sible for the government to be come the sole buyer of the crop in LOSS IN FIRE AT DUNCAN General Store Razed Including Apartments thousand dol lars was estimated Monday as the loss in a fire which completely destroyed the general store lunch room and bowling alley of John Brcka at Duncan early Sunday morning Mr and Mrs Harold Seifert and sons who occupied the upstairs rooms of the store discovered the fire and had to flee so hastily they were unable to save any of their household goods Seifert is em ployed on the Milwaukee rail road The Garner and Britt fire com panies were called but were un able to save any of the structure and contents They confined their efforts to saving nearby homes and buildings John Brcka purchased the gen eral store from Frank Nemetz about 2 years ago and had com pletely remodeled the building adding a bowling alley and lunch a manner similar to that which was used during the war with re spect to soybeans peanuts and wool Farrington said Meanwhile the government called on the nations farmers Monday to produce about 9000 000 acres of grain crops next year than were harvested this year Secretary of Agriculture Clinton P Anderson announced the na tional production goal of 356000 000 acres for 1948 The goal in cluded 296000000 acres of culti vated crops and 60000000 acres of hay Anderson said the suggested goals would require a heavy drain pn our already strained soil resources But that is inevitable he said if this nation is to pro vide a good share of the food needed so desperately by hungry nations abroad Farmers must take all possi ble precautions to guard againsl irreparable damage to the land Anderson said In the years to come there will be an urgent need for greatly accelerated conserva tion While the grain goals remained high reductions were suggested in the number of grainconsuming livestock Next years goal for production of poultry and eggs hogs and cattle were far below the war time level but still slightly higher than average for 5 prewar years The agriculture department predicted there would be about 143 pounds meat per capita for domestic consumption next year as compared with 156 pounds this year Next years goal for wheat acre age was set 4000000 acres above the 1947 goal but still was 2000 000 acres below actual production this year Poultry goals were reduced by 20000000 birds in accordance with citizen food committees grain saving program As suit the goal for egg production was reduced to 4200000000 dozen or 92 per cent of this years indicated production VERHELST CASE IS POSTPONED The preliminary hearing for Charles VerHelst who is charged with the murder of his 16 year old fiance Arlene Mott wascon tinued Monday by Police Judge B R Dunn at the request of County Attorney James R Brown The hearing was postponed from Monday afternoon to 9 a m Dec 8 The county attorney asked the continuance on the grounds that he had spent the week trying a road condemnation case in dis trict court and had no opportunity to prepare his case against Ver Helst The continuance was not re sisted by Defense Attorney M L Mason VerHelst remains at lib erty under bond Find of Heroin in Luggage of Dead Smuggler Los Angeles narcotics agents set out Monday to rack down an international smuggling ring whose runner died aboard an airliner while enroute to San Diego with more than 100 worth of heroin in his luggage Two pounds of pure heroin a drug so powerful that even phy sicians are not permitted to have it in their possession were found n his luggage Police estimated the drug would retail for when A draft card was the only iden ification on the body It bore the name Ralph Masey 308 East 52nd St New York City The address was that of a dance hall whose manager said he never had heard of the dead man Masey suffered a heart attack vhile the plane was flying be ween Denver and Los Angeles ie complained of feeling ill and he stewardess gave him an oxygen mask She was unable to rouse him to prepare for the land ng in Los Angeles Lt W L Yoakam of the Los Angeles police narcotics bureau believed the man was a messen ger for an international smug gling ring Pure heroin would be cut 40 times before being retailed Yoakam said In being the form this heroin was smuggled the smallest amount would be fatal The 2 pounds contained 487 grains to the ounce By the time it was cut to sell at a grain on the street corner the total retail value would be past 3 million dollars Yoakam said REDLED UNION CLOSES PORTS RAILS ARE HIT New Premier Schuman Forms Cabinet and Calls CrisisSession Paris UR The communist dominated general confederation of labor started closing all French ports Monday and postoffice workers in Paris struck piling new complications on the seem ingly unsurmountable difficulties confronting the new premier and his government More than 1000000 workers were striking as the new govern ment scheduled an emergency meeting even before it was con firmed by the national assembly Postoffice workers voted by a narrow margin to strike The main postoffice was closed and occupied by strikers At least 6 branch of lices were shut Civil service workers in Paris were threaten ing to strike Railroad officials estimated that a trainmens strike had halted more than 80 per cent of long dis tance traffic Traffic was re ported normal at the Gare De L Est and Gare St Lazare stations in Paris but a big Gare Du Nord po lice chased pickets off and took over the station Subway and bus fares in Paris were raised from 4 to 5 francs MonSay An increase in streetcar and bus fares was what the com munists claimed started the Mar seille riots week before last Robert Schuman a popular re publican who became premier on Saturday completed his cabinet just before midnight It has not received a vote of confidence from the assembly but Schuman was confident that it will when the vote is taken Tuesday He or dered a meeting Monday to con sider the fourth republics great est crisis Schumans new cabinet con tained no communfcts arid he was expected to take strong measures to break up the strikes In this he apparently had strong assembly support In the vote of confi dence taken Saturday on Schu man he received the support of all deputies except the commu nists and their sympathizers HAWLEY QUITS H POSITION Resigns as Medical Director on Dec 31 Washington IP Maj Gen Paul R Hawley said Monday he will resign as medical director of the veterans administration ef fective Dec 31 The resignation one month be fore the generals 57th birthday will follow by a month the retire ment of Gen Omar Bradley as veterans administrator Bradley said Hawley long ago asked to be allowed to return to private medical practice but re mained on the job at Bradleys request to bring the VA medical service to the point where it would not collapse Bradleys post will be filled Jan 1 by Maj Gen Carl Raymond Gray Jr of St Paul Minn ex ecutive vice president of the Chi cago and Northwestern railroad chief of railway in the European and wartime transportation theater Apartment Tenants in Ottumwa Recovering From Gas Poisoning Ottumwa of an 8apartment building here were recovering Monday from carbon monoxide gas poisoning after 5 persons became unconscious Sat urday night Police said an exhaust pipe used to carry fumes from a gas water heater was broken off allowing the fumes to spread through the building ;