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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, November 24, 1943

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 24, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP DEPARTMtNT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES LOINES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated Press und United Press Full LiiEed I Five Cenis a Copy YANKSPREPARE NEW MOVES IN GILBERT ISLES American Forces Are Firmly Implanted in Heart of Island Chain Pearl Harbor IP American forces overpowering savage Japa jeso resistance with record speed were so firmly implanted in the heart of the equatorial Gilberts on the 5th day of the invasion that Admiral Chester W Nimitz spoke confidently of preparing to make further attacks The Gilberts now are securely in our hands said the com nianderinchief of the Pacific fleet after only 1 of the more than 15 atolls had been completely conquered and while 2 others tot tered toward a fall The plain implication of the ad miral was that from Makiu Tarawa and Abemama the in vaders arc in position to dominate and rout what Japanese troops may be OH other nearby islands Makin has been captured 14 Col James Roosevelt eldest son of the president was on hand for its fall Tarawa with a fine bomber base whose importa was cm phasixed by the fieiv defense of an estimated 4000 Japanese is about to fall The enemy forces have been pushed to the eastern short of the main island of Betio Many have been slain few cap tured Abemama Is being mopped up Admiral Nimitz asserting the brilliantly coordinated victory of army marine navy and coast guard services opens another road to Tokyo said his forces were prepared for any eventuality Tokyo radio Bravely reporting lo he Japanese people that a part of our territory has been exposed to fierce battles speculated on the inevitability of decisive action by the Ionshidden Nipponese fleet American leaders linked with expressions of readiness for such a move an implied doubt of its early development The attack has not yet pulled the Japs out of shelter Navy Sec retary FrankKnox said in Wash irigton Admiral Nimitz expressed be lief that the Japanese fleet was dispersed from the Kuviles lo the north of Japan al the way to the Dutch East Indies far to the south that recent air blows struck at Habaul New Britain against enemy cruisers and destroyers seriously had impaired encinv i Corsica and in Italy our forces MASON CITY IOWA WEUNESDAV NOVEMBER 21 1913 HOME EDITION irnnri STACK STORES ON Australian transport companystucks stores that were dropped during the night at a spot near Scarlet beach in the Fiuschhafen urea of New Guinea during the drive against the Japanese on the northeast New Guinea coast George VI Predicts Still Heavier Blows Against Foe London George Vf opening a new session of parliament confidently told the house of commons Wednesday that in the 4th year of the war the forces of the united nations have assumed the offensive in all theaters and in the coming year we shall with Gods help be able to bear upon enemy a still greater weight of attack The new session is the 9lli since the present commons was elected in NoVember 1935 The current parliament is the longestlived in Britains history With the growing help of our great American ally and together with the other united nations we shall go forward with confidence in our cause until wo have de livered from the fear of the king said Reviewing the allies forward strides during the past year he recalled The enemy has been cast out of Africa freedom has been brought to Sicily Sardinia and naval ability to retaliate in the area even if Japanese units were within striking distance the Nipponese admirals had held back in fear that the Gilbert invasion might be a diversionary feint Nimitz foresaw violent Japa nese reaction by planes and sub marines from the nearby Marsh alls We are not immune lo those attacks but we went prepared for them and ivhen they come they Will be no surprise he said Suiting action to the admirals words American aircraft carriers and undisclosed land bases poured bombers northwestward beyond the Gilberts to pin down air power on Japans five bases in the Marshalls The big enemy air base of Rauru 500 miles southwest of Gilberts has been so severely blasted by liberators that it was reported in no shape to figure presently in the operations Makins IUOO enemy defenders were reported unable to inflict more than light casualties on troops of the 27th infantry di vision which opened the switt conquest there Saturday Tarawas much larger Nippo nese force dealt somewhat greater punishment to the 3nd division marines who stormed its open beaches the same day Admiral Ximitz said The marines at Abemama pre sumably had to deal with only light opposition in bringing the situation there well in hand To Tokyo radio claims of hav ing sunk one aircraft carrier and a destroyer in the claims of the caliber repudiated in their entirety during the north ern Solomons Nimitz icjoincd late Tuesday I can state categorically they sre not true tip to the present moment Over Hie Solomons sector of Adm William F Halscy and the Kcw GuineaNew Britain area of Gen Douglas form with the Gilbert operations a long outpost front line of at tack against the bombers rained explosives at 11 enemy points The greatest weight fell on enemy air bases on the western tip of New Britain open to pos lible invaison by General Mac Arthurs troops standing on the shores of New Guineas Huon gulf as near as 70 miles away and those of our American ally now are engaging the enemy on the mainland of Europe On his eastern front the enemy has given ground before the mas sive and unrelenting advance of the Russian armies whose mag nificent achievements we have watched with everdeepening ud prorogniion address closing the old session Tuesday and which was withheld from publication until Wednesday The king accompanied by Queen Elizabeth personally opened the new parliament The ceremony took place in the kings robing room where the house of lords has met since the house of commons chamber was demol ished by German bombs in 1941 Prime Minister ChurchillOMas the aggressor not present at the opening cere mony Clement R Altlec deputy prime minister represented the government miration Turning to the conquered na tions of Europe the sovcreiRii de clared that they arc everywhere preparing lo throw off the yoke of he oppressor and we shall continue to afford them such help and encouragement as lies within our power King Georges speech openinff the new session of parliament was similar in optimistic content to his Hickenlooper Praises Drive Against Slot i Machines in Iowa Jes Moincs law en forcement officers given spenclid cooperation in cleaning out slot machines in Iowa towns and cities Gov B B Hicken looper commented The governor described the slot machine situation in Iowa as cleaner now than it has been for some time past and said he based his observation nn reports and observations by officials Occasionally there is a law vio lator but as rapidly as they be come known local officers are re porting arrests nnrt prosecutions he added KILLED IN GLIDER Delhi will be neld Thursday for Flight Officer Bernard B Haas 23 son of Mr and Mrs Peter Haas He was killed in a glider accident near Maxton N Car NO ILACL FOR alertness must be maintained at all times by soldiers and marines righting the Japs in south Pacific jungles Back to back these 2 U b marines arc scanning the trees along a trail on Bou gainville island in search of a Jap sniper Claim Scott Kept Women Off Jury List Cedar Rapids a deci sion breaking a 23 year old prec edent Federal Judge John W Delehant quashed an indictment for sabotage against Louis Roe mig Jr 44 on the grounds that the grand jury which indicted him was illegal because women I were deliberately excluded from I jury service in federal courts in the northern Iowa district Judge Delehant made his ruling j Tuesday in sustaining a defense motion to quash the indictment at the opening of the trial of Roe miK who was indicted on a fed eral charge of sabotage accusing him of starling a tire at the Annum society refrigeration plant last June Indictments against 2 other per sons who had been indicted by the same jury also were quashed although in one ot the cases the defendant already had pleaded guilty The ruling paved the way tor women to sit on federal juries in the territory for the 1st lime Women serve on juries in stale courts and in the southern Iowa district of federal court Before the ruling u was brouglu out by testimony of court officials thai Federal Judge George C Scolt who retired Nov 1 as fed eral judge in the district after serving 21 years bad orally in structed clerks and deputy clerks to exclude lie names of women from jury lists Defense Attorney R S Milner in asking that the indictment be quashed called attention to the fact that women have been qual ified voters and so eligible for jury service since but never have been permitted to serve in that district The opinion of attorneys seemed unanimous that Judge Delehaiits decision would have no effect on persons indicted by former grand juries in the district which bad no women jurors because those cases have been adjudicated and settled by the court United States Commissioner R L Whelan Wednesday bound Rocmig over to the next grand jury scheduled to meet in Dubuquc Dae 7 The other 2 de fendants were al liberty on their original bond of S300o each and District Attorney T E Diamond indicated they also probably would be bound over to the next jury After ruling in he Roemig case Die judge quashed an indictment against Marshall Vern llaens of Iowa Falls charged with violat ing Ihe selective service act by at tacking the chairman of his Hard in county draft board The judge then called he 3rd defendant Cart K Kantor oi Vinton who had pleaded inno cent to a selective service viola tion charge and explained that if he chose he could withdraw his plea and ask that his indictment be quashed That Kanlor did and the judge sustained the motion One of the last big cases handled in the federal court here was that of John Jake the Barber Fac tor and 11 associates who were sentenced to prison terms and or fined on charges of mail fraud and conspiracy in connection with a whisky warehouse receipts case Precedent Was Sioux City Judge George C Scott was merely fol lowing precedent in having all male juries the jurist related here Wednesday following the Cedar Rapids decision quashing an in dictment for sabotage against Louis Rocmis Jr on ihe rounds women were not permitted to serve on the jury in the northern Iowa federal court case Scott said never have had before my time or since my time women sening on fed eral grand juries in this district I have never made an order bar ring women from the juries but always followed precedent of having male juries The jury com missioners have never drawn women for jury duty That is all I care to say This Paper Consists of Txvo One NO RIP BERLIN AGAIN ALFEDENA TAKEN BY 8TH ARMY British Push Forward on Banks of Sangro Allied Headquarters Algiers ffi British 8th army of Gen Bernard L Montgomery has pushed forward to the banks of the Sangro river in the central sector of the Italian ront to oc cupy the important village of Al fedena allied headquarters an nounced Wednesday The high command communique said the village had been de stroyed by the retreating Ger mans The Cairo radio said 8lh army units crossed the Sangro the Germans acknowledged a crossing Tuesday Enemy artillcrv was active on the 5th army front the bulletin said There was little improve ment in the weather which con tinues lo hamper operations RUSSIANS AGAIN RETREAT NAZIS CLOSER TO KIEV Russian Advance Units Fall Back Mainly to Avoid Encirclement Only Senate Compromise Can Save Food Subsidy Program Washington loaders clung to the govsamer like possibility of a senate compromise Wednesday as their only hope of saving food lllc Presidents Nc Committee Hshig Asks Report on Patton By HENRY C CASSIOY Moscow Aj The G e nn n n armys 10 day old counter offen sive in the Ukraine moved closer to Kiev Wednesday after Russian forces had made their 3rd withi JPatton Jr commander of the drawal in 3 days under army struck an army private of heavy tank and infantry as l hospital in Sicily Cliairman Reynolds Spearheads of F i e 1 il Marshal Washington fli The senate military affairs committee voted unanimously Wednesday to re quest Secretary of War Stimson to report to il officially on the in cident in which U Gen George Fritz von Mannslcins iroops have reached Hmsiiov 45 miles west of Kiev and arc almost half way lo Hie Ukrainian capital from Zliito mir the 1st city to fall before the German drive Von Mannstein sent in other strong forces against Russian po sitions in the Chcrnyakhov area 40 miles northwest of Brusilov in his allout effort to turn the southern flank of Gen Nikolai VaUifins 1st Ukrainian army Although the Germans succeeded in saining ground on a straight wcsltooast line through the Zhitomir Korosiyshev Brusilov sectors the red army appeared to be holding strong positions in front of Kiev and apparently was falling back mainly to avoid en circlement of its advance units The Germans iivid heavily for llicir successes in the Kiev bulge a Russian communique sail Fierce handtohand fighting and savage sun duels cost them more liian 100 tanks and 2000 dead the bulletin declared and 19 nazi planes were shot down Von Maim stein was reported throwing large reserve forces into the battle While front dispatches indicated that the decisive stage of the bat tle for the Ukraine had not yet been readied the red army con tinued to surge ahead bn other sections of the front north and south of Kiev particularly along the lower reaches of the Pripet river Here more than 40 owns fell to soviet forces including the dis trict center of Bragin ti5 miles southwest of Germanheld Gomel said he had been instructed to ob tain a report by Stimson in con nection with the committees con sideration of President Konsc velts nomination of Patton who now has the permanent rank of Colonel to hold the permanent rank of major general The action was taken Reynolds said at the suggestion of Senators Bridges RN and Johnson and was concurred in by ail members present Reynolds told a reporter that he personally believed any action against Patton who was rebuked by Gen Dwight D Eisenhower should be left in the hands of army authorities He said however that here is likely tu lie much senate discussion of the affair before ac tion is taken on Pattons promo tion 1 think a general can get just as warweary and develop just as frayed nerves as a private soldier and there may have been some extenuating circumstances in Gen eral Pattons case that we dont know about Reynolds said However I agree with Ihe ma jority that the committee ought to avc an official report on the case before il acts on the nomination Tlie nomination was sent to the senateOct 1 more than a month after the incident in Sicily This would indicate that President Roosevelt attached no lasting sig nificance to the affair if he knew about il nl the time The house also received n de mand for an investigation by its military committee Representa tive Hocven asked the inquiry saying an American Le rc in the triangle formed by the Dnieper and Pripet rivers In the Gomel area in Wliite Russia more than 1500 Germans were reported killed as the Rus sians enlarged their bridgehead on the western bank of the Sozh river north of the beleaguered German stronghold The Germans also lost 29 niancs in a fierce air battle which dei dent most unfortunate velopcd during this operation the Perhaps we have too much Russians said Around Ucchitsa I blood and guts now 1e gion post iu his district had quested the action ilocvcii read to the house a tele gram from the legion post com mander whom he did not identify slating these arc American sol diers anil not Germans If our boys arc lo be mistreated leis import Hitler and do it up right Hoeven called the Patton inci west of Gome several towns fell into Russian hands as well as quantities nf German war ma terial Berlin broadcasts admitting breaches in their White Russian lines between Smolensk and Go mel said the Keel army thrusts appeared aimed at Orsha and Mogilev They asserted thai the Russians had hurled 34 infantry divisions and 0 tank perhaps this battle which they said was al ready 7 days old Moscow was silent on operations in this sec tor Hed army force in the Dnieper bend south of Kiev captured 19 German strongpoint including the rail center of Lekarevka 23 miles southwest of Kremcnchug the soviet communique said More than 1000 Germans were killed and soviet planes destroyed a troop train and 200 army trucks the bulletin added Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier hoy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair with little change in temperature Wednes day night Lowest at Mason City and Cedar Rapids 1R Partly cloudy and warmer Thursday and Thursday night Iowa Fair Wednesday night fol lowed by partly cloudy to cloudy Thursday and Thursday night Warmer Thursday and Thursday night Minnesota Partly cloudy south cloudy north portion Wednes day night and Thursday slight ly warmer Wednesday night and warmer south portion Thurs day occasional light snow northwest and extreme north portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 36 Minimum Tuesday night 15 Al 8 a tn Wednesday 16 YKAR AGO Maximum 43 Minimum 23 com mented referring to General Pat tons nickname I feet that the entire matter should be investi gated Apparently General Pallon is getting by with an apol ogy If the soldier had struck the general we would have a different story Longlime friends of Lieutenant General Patton seeking to explain Ins impulsive slapping of an un nerved soldier receiving hospital treatment recalled Wednesday that Old Blood tnd Guts never could comprehend shell shock can be as real as a shrapnel wound Tiie pistolpackin pupa 7th army who gocs into action with a pearl handled revolver was said by these friends to have a blind spot toward warfares psy chological or nervous casualties he remains unconvinced by med ical evidence that all wounds arc not necessarily visible to the naked eye In the absence of any official report Washington on the epi sode for which ration lo his entire command Ihcy as sume Hie harddriving general found a group of shell shocked pa tients in a hospital tent and under the slrcss of a developing cam paign leaped to the conclusion hat they were gold bricking or He is said to have denounced an entire group in his fury while ex pressing sympathy for men who were really wounded Then be struck one of the soldiers on the back of the head knocking the mans IiclmclIincr off Although retaining his com mand of the 7th army Pallon re ceived from Gen Dwighl D Eisen hower such a cnstigntion as has seldom been given to a 3slar gen eral commanding an army H was not a formal there was speculation in informed quarters that officials here might insist that a formal entry be made on the generals record 1 weapon costs Were down lo the bedrock issue Either we want inflation or we dont want it said Senator 1cpjier D Fla as the lioiisc voted 278 to 118 late Tuesday lo outlaw subsidies after Ihe rirsl of the year Senator Lucas D 111 an ad ministration supporter said the end of subsidies will mean over night inflation Of course we will try to work oul some sort of compromise he added bul members of both parties conceded privately that only a presidential veto could keep the program alive and even that might be overridden President Roosevelt in a recent message to congress declared the bulwark of he administrations fight to holdthelinc against in flation rested in the subsidy pro gram through which government cash goes lo food producers o keep retail prices down Without subsidies administration backers argue uncontrolled consequent inevi table Even as Ihe house votci out subsidies for the 2nd lime the uricc control sctuli was attacked on oilier fronts A house bloc mustered sufficient strength to force the issue on an attempt to remove oil and coil controls from the office of price administration which has turned back numerous efforts to raise ceiling prices The house group wants the 2 industries placed un der Interior Secretary Ickes who to a boost in coal mine wages and long has fought for a higher crude oil price On the senate side dairy state members wore ready to force a test on legislation which wnuld boost the retail price of milk a cent a quart The arguments in both cases were identical that prices should be allowed to rise to their nat ural level al the market place Tlie house vote climaxed a 3 day attack on the administrations holrltlicline policies In the final moments a coalition of democrats and republicans rejected numer ousattempts to save subsidies by compromise and finally voted out the whole idea by passing a bill extending lie life of the Com modity Credit corporation which carries the subsidy ban As the bill came to he senate subsidy foes were convinced they have more power now than they had last summer when congress 1st voted lo outlaw the subsidy program That vote was nullified by a presidential veto which the house sustained But Tuesdays house mar was big enough to override an other veto unless the lineup is switched by a desire to save the CCC IOWA REPCKSENTATIVES VOTE WITH MAJORITY Washington 8 of Towns representatives voted with the majority Tuesday when the house balloted 335117 lo approve legis lation outlawing the administra tion food subsidy program and extending the life of the Com modity Credit corporation All B are republicans uTthe Holiday Traffic Heavy o r ni i m bpite or rleadit DCS Moincs and bus ticket agents reported Wed nesday thai despite advance1 pleading against unnecessary travel an alllime high volume of Thanksgiving holiday traffic is in dicated for Wednesday and Thurs day RAF KEEPS BIG FIRES GOING IN HEAVY ASSAULT More Vast Areas of Nazi Capital Leveled in Concentrated Raid By GLADWIX HILt London WVThe RAF huitlecl tons of destruction down on Ber lin again Tuesday night seeking for the 2nd night in succession to knock out the German capital much of it already devastated TMc force ami weight of bombs Tuesday nishl probably ap proached but hl not exceed the record of Monday when over 2 300 long Ions were delivered by approximately 1000 bombers nearly all of hem Icnglned eianls Concentrated and effective was the air ministrys description of the 2nd great attack on the worlds mostbombed capital Despite more favorable weather for the defense the KAi lost only German Spokesman Asserts Reprisal Weapon to Be Used London now will use her reprisal weapon because terror attacks on Berlin ami other German towns have grown tu such proportions a military spokesman told a foreign press conference in Berlin Wednesday the Berlin radio announced The spokesman declined to disclose the nature of Ihe reprisal weapon which he said Germany regretted she had been forced into using 20 planes in the 2nd successive Berlin attack and simultaneous mosquito attacks on western Ger many compared to 20 lost in com parable operations the night be fore Berlin already was chaotic from historys greatest aerial attack de livered only 21 hours before when Hie new deluge of allied bombs struck Tuesday night Ocrliit correspondents of Swed ish newspapers said new fires and walls of flame more than half a mile long swept Berlin after the 2ml attack The Stockholm newspaper Aft oiUidiiingcn asserted fires started by incendiary bombs Tuesday Most Bombed City London is now the worlds mostbombed city Approximately 12000 Ions tons of bombs have fallen on the Ger man capital this year Hamburg received a total of around lOOflO lous Essen Hannover and Col ogne ahoiil 8000 and Mamiheim LudwigshaCcn more than 7000 night linked up with flames still burning from Monday nights at tack Stockholms Allehanda estimated 200011 PLTSOJIK ucre killed in the 1st attack It added the center of Berlin again was the main target Tuesday nighi and railway sin tions gas and water mains suf tcrcd heavily The German capital was isolated from the world Wednesday bv telephone ami telegraph Neither telephone calls nor telegrams were being accepted in Berlin Wednes day morning nor were Swedish correspondents able to telephone out of the city Telegrams from Stockholm in tended for Berlin were bcinjf sent IIAMBRO IS SPEAKER Iowa City must solve the moral questions 1st and then look to the political issues when it comes to making postwar set tlements Carl J Ifambro former president of the Norwegian par liament told 1200 Slate Univer sity of Jowa students in an ad dress Tuesday night BOMRED AREAS RERUN the city Ger man lenders once boasted would never feel the terror of allied bombs lay in smoking ruins after being battered by 2 RAF raids Center area surrounded by arrows was most heavily hit Also damaged were the suburbs numbered 1 to 5 ;