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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 23, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME Krn CQMP DEPARTMENT Of AKO ASfCHtveS MOINES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWA MS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires HOME EDITION rmnn Five Cents a Co MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY NOVEMBER 23 1943 3rd Landing Made on Gilberts Japs Fall Back From Beachheads Pearl Harbor marines have swiftly expanded I the 4 clay old offensive in the equatorial Gilberts by landing on a 3rd atoll even as Japanese de Admiral Nimitz also supplied lond A Spruance of Indianapo by Rear Adm Richard Kelly Tur landings oil Makin and Tarawa indicated powerful supporting naval forces remained in the sec e Adm Jonn u Hoover of 1 nearer to Japans Pearl jleat Falls Mont commands both Harbor of Truk than it is to arm anci navy groundbased air Americas own craft tie there is a bloody one auuiuon to me progress in On Tarawa wmch is 80 miles the southwest Pacific bv the Aus A tralians paced by tanks and supported by bombing planes in their advance on Sattclberg New Guinea Gen Douglas Mac Arlhnrs communique Tuesday re ported the destruction or damage of 18000 tons of enemy shipping by bombing planes over a sector ranging from the Aroe Islands north of Australia across Dutch New Guinea New Britain to New Orleand northwest of Abemama and on Makin still farther north both pounded from the air and the sea prior to the invasion our troops have improved their positions but are still encountering considerable ground resistance Such resistance is being met under conditions which afford lit tle natural protection for either More DirectRoute to Japan Sought by Gilberts Drive Washinston by marines on 3 islands in the Gil bert group were described by Sec retary of the Navy Knox Tuesday as the beginning of a new cam paign against Japan from the cen tral Pacific on a much more di rect route toward Japan He said 2 principal strategic ob jectives were ahead in the cam paign 1st to drive the Japanese out of the mandated islands and 2nd to shorten by hundreds or miles Americansupplyliiies to tlie southwest Pacific When the marines gained con trol after battling the Japs from Tarawa Makin and Abemama the supply lines Knox said can be drawn on a much shorter and more direct line The effect of the shortened sup ply route he said will be the same as adding many ships to the job of carrying men and supplies to the southwest Pacific It will enable the ships to make a quick er turn around thus increasing the number of trips each can make side It is a matter of conqueror die These operations were inte grated with others to the south west In the Solomons the oppos ing airforces exchanged blows around the American beachhead on Bougainville on the Huon pe ninsula of New Guinea Austra lians and tanks bored to within half a mile of Japanese plateau defenses in the jungles which are strategic because they overlook the allied positions Such eagerlyawaited details as the extent of the beachheads still were lacking but the fact the operations continued to make procress and were beiinr expanded xas viewed as encnurasinsr The investment of the Gilberts a group of more than 15 atolls embracing ICti square miles would push the allies more than 700 miles northwest of the Ellice is lands and place a menacing flank ing force just south of the Mar shalls Admiral Nimilz made known that the eldest son of the Presi dent 1A Col James had returned to Makin where he first stormed ashore in August 1942 with marines who wiped out its Japanese defenders duriu a brief surprise raid Presumably since Colonel Roosevelt landed This time with the infantry he went along as ner of Carmcl Cal Vice Adm John 11 Hoover of addition to the progress in SET SUPPORT PRICE HERE More to Be Paid for Choice Hogs Monday Des Moines farmers may get from 5 to 40 cents a hundred more for their choice iiogs at principal markets in the state when the government sup port prices go into effect next Monday it was disclosed Tues day A J Loveland chairman ol the state agricultural conservation committee announced Tuesday the following support prices for 200270 pound choice butchers at various Iowa markets Cedar Rapids SI345 a hundred Des Moines Dubuque S1345 Marshalltown S1340 Ot lumwa S1343 Waterloo S1345 Fort Dodge 51335 Mason City 51340 and Austin Minn S1340 A comparison of those flooi prices with the ctuotations on va rious markets Tuesday showed that current prices at Watcrloi are 10 io 20 cents under the forth coming floor At Cedar Rapids the prices are 15 to 25 cents lower than the floor Ottumwa 20 to 40 Des Moines 25 to 35 and Mason City 5 The support prices were set by the war food administration and arc below the ceiling quotations at the various markets While they cover only the 200 to 270 pound class most of the good butchers sent to market for slaugh ter fall in that class WFA made provisions for modi fication of the support price at any market if the need develops Norwegians Report Tirpitz at Narvik Stockholm UP Norwegian underground sources said Tuesday that the Germans have moved their crippled 41000ton super battleship Tirpitz from Altenfjord in northernmost Norway to Nar vik on the northwest coast en route to Germany for repairs The Tirpitz was damaged so severely by British midget submarines last Sept 22 that tugs had to move it along the coasl to Narvik under ground informants said CC CAROLINE ISLANDS AMERICANS STRIKE GILBERTSUnfted States ma rines and soldiers have landed on Makin and Tarawa islands in the Japaneseheld Gilbert group Moderate opposition was met on Makin and fierce resistance on Tarawa This Paper Consists of Two One NO 29 JUST LIKE FRANCE IN of World war I would feel right at home with the allied armies in Italy right now The advance of the 5th and 8th armies has been slowed by heavy rains that have turned the roads into muddy ruts These soldiers of the 5th army apparently British are plodding along a road north of the Volturno Sharp Nazi CounterAttack Is Beaten Back by 8th Army Allied Headquarters Algiers strong German force has launched a sharp counterattack on the British 8th army lines north west of Agnonc but was beaten back after 2 hours of offi cial reports from the front closed Tuesday Agnone in the inland sector of the 8th army front was captured Sunday by Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys troops The German high command for its part said the British had launched an attack with strong forces north of the Sangro river against the nazi extreme left wing along the Adriatic coast The broadcast German communi que said however that numer ous violent attacks were halted and one local dent was sealed off There was no allied confirma tion of this supposed eighth array offensive All previous references to British activity north of the river generally regarded as the German only to patrol activity At the same time other 3lh army units chased the enemy from more high ground overlooking Al fedcna from the southeast in rugged inland mountain sectors United States troops attacked and wiped out a German ma chine gun position northwest of Montaquila also inland without loss to themselves The allied communique said that less rain fell in the last 24 hours but the battle front was still a sea of mud and rivers rendering most operations impossible On the 5th army front British patrols observed movements of enemy forces on and near Mount Camino immediately southwest of the town of Mignano and al lied artillery alerted promptly laid down a heavy bombardment over the entire zone Throughout the central portion of the front the Germans contin ued to apply the torch to town and villages near the front particu larly bp3pnd San Pictro Avcllana which is in the 8th armys posses sion Although the ground forces were generally bogged down al lied medium bombers were out over Ihe area north of Home at tacking railway centers and nir fields at Folisno 63 miles north east ot the Italian capital Unfinished Letter Found Under Body With U S Forces at Bougain ville Nov The letter began Dear Mom I am feeling fine get regular Unfinished and unsigned it was found beneath the body of a ma rine private from the midwest town A bomb blast on Puriiata island off Empress Augusta Bay during a Japanese aerial attack had killed him instantly Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Tues day night and Wednesday low est temperature Tuesday night in Mason Cily 20 slightly warmer Wednesday Iowa Fair through Wednesday nighl little temperature change except slightly warmer Wednes day Minnesota Fair east partly cloudy west Tuesday night and Wednesday Not much change Tuesday night and slightly warmer Wednesday IN MASON CITY Maximum Monday 39 Minimum Monday night 19 At 8 a m Tuesday 20 YEAR AGO Maximum 35 Minimum 27 KUHl WAS HIT BY PATTON Letter to Father Told of Incident South Bend Ind F Kuhl a Mishawaka casket maker brought lo the South Bend Tribune Tuesday a letter from his 26 year old son Pvt Charles Her man Kuhl in which the young man wrote General Pallor slapped my face yesterday am kicked me in the pants and cussed me The letter indicated the soldier was in a Sicilian hospital Itwii dated Aug 4 This probably wont go through Pvt Kuhl wrote bul i dont know Just forget about il in your letters The elder Kuhl told the Tribune of another letter received from his son in which the soldier tolc of being taken trom Sicily lo North Africa for a hearing on the incident The father said his son wrote that after this hearing he was es corted to General Patlons office Kuhl quoted his son as writing that Genera Patton apologized k him shook hands with him ant told him he had acted too hast ily Kuhl said his son was inducted into the army last Dec 18 at Camp Perry Ohio Private Kuhl is married to tu retta Kuhl who is employed in war plant at South Bend He i the father of a 2 year old daugh tcr by a previous marriage 1000 PLANES BLAST BERUN REVEAL PATTON Bombarding of Nazi Capital HEART OF CITY I OA APOLOGY AFTER HE HIT SOLDIER Official Announcement Tells How General Thought Man Shirked Allied Headquarters Algiers was disclosed officially Tues day that Lt Gen George S Iat ton Jr had apologized t o alj officers and men of the 7th army for strik ing a soldier during the Si cilian campaign At the same time allied n e a d q uarters said that cor respond ents might reveal jiving the 1st details of tiie su preme allied blow Monday night at the heart of the nazi war ma chine in Berlin said the bombard ment was packed into just over 30 minutes and left the city glow ing through a broken cloud cover like a terrific sunset The pilot of 1 4mfllored Lan caster in the massive raiding fleet all of the facts they knew of the incidents which since last August has PATTON been one ot the mam subjects ot discussion among soldiers in thi theater While Patton was not relieved of his command ot the 7th armv formal rep Bob Carpenter Jr New Phillie Prexy Philadelphia D Cox outlawed from organized baseball by Commissioner Kcnel saw M Lnndiy has sold his slock the Philndelphia National i league baseball club and retired from baseball the clubs stock holders announced Tuesday Cox who was president and the largest single stockholder of the Phillies sold his stock to Rob ert R M Carpenter Wilmington Del John M Briley chairman of the board of directors announced Carpenters son Robert Jr 28 was elected to the club presidency to succeed Cox His father is a vice president of the Du Pont company The new president a former Duke university football player was president of the Wil mington baseball club of the In terstate league last season He lives at Monlchanim Del Carpenter and his son were elected to the chrtVs board of di rectors and stockholders re elecicd Directors Brilcv L Wister Randolph and John if Potter ADMfiTAliS TOOK SAMOS Some of Garrison Had Been Withdrawn Cairo forces have captured the Aegean island of Samos it was announced official ly Tuesday Some of the British Greek and Italian troops garrisoning the is land were withdrawn several days ago along with a number of civil ians the British announcement said adding that She evacuation was completed without loss Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy V Concentrated in 30 Minutes London aiv reported that he saw 2 and block bombs which level entire off while he was over Berlin Tile raid was the most concen treated of the war Bombs poured on Berlin at a rate of tons a minute compared with 50 amin ute dropped on the capital on Sept 3 and 51 a minute in a July 27 attack on Hamburg which was one of the series that leveled the big port The big 4molovcd Lancasters StirUngs and Halifaxcs compris ing the raiding fleet flew hun dreds of miles above unbroken cloud layers Over Berlin they found an occasional gap in the murk The bombardier ignored the gaps because pathfinders going on ahead had planted an unbroken line of flares as target indicators to guide them Fires soon glowed angrily be neath the clouds Twenty min utes after he 1st blast a tremend ous explosion rent the city A pilol said Everything suddenly went all white The brilliance stayed in Ule sky for a long time then colored lo a reddish glow which went on as long as we weic over the tar A Halifax pilot said he saw for a moment through a cloud gap how much punishment Berlin was getting with fires dancing a devils fandango everywhere Very few night fighters braved the clouds to defend the capital A heavy antiaircraft barrage belched amidst the roaring fires but it was ineffective and was not given rimand he received a castigation from Gen Dwight D Eisenhower such as has seldom been admin istered to a commander of an army The story is a strange story of a general wiiose excel lence is admitted by all who in the heat of battle lost his temper and later admitted he was wrong and made amends The incident consisted of this according to eyewitnesses General Patlon slapped a shell shocked soldier in a hospital tent because he thought the soldier was shirking his duty The incident occurred early in August when the Sicilian cam paign was in J of its most critical periods Patlon visited the evacuation hospital and went among Ihc wounded trying to cliccr them He patted some on the back sym pathizing with them He then came upon a 14 year old soldier sitting on a cot with his head buried in his hands weeping Whats the matter with you1 Fatten asked according to per sons who were in the hospital lent at the time The soldier mumbled n replv which was inaudible ID the cral Patiim repeated his question Its my nerves I guess I cant stand shelling the boy was quoted as replying Patton thereupon burst into a rage Employing much profanity he called the soldier a coward yellow belly and numerous other epithets according to those present He ordered the soldier back to the front The scene attracted several per sons including the commanding officer of the hospital the doctor had admitted the soldier and a nurse In a fit of fury in which he ex pressed sympathy for men realtv woundcd but made it plain that he did not believe that the soldier before him was in that class Hie Kcncral struck the youth in the rear of the head with the back of his hand The soldier ell over slightly and the liner of his helmet which he was wearing fell off and rolled over the floor of the ten A nurse intent on protecting the patient made a toward Patton but was pulled back by a doctor The commander of the hospital then intervened Patton then went before other patients still in high temper ex pressing his views He returned to the shell shocked soldier and be ralcd him again The soldier appeared dazed as the incident progressed but of fered to return to the front and tried to rise from his cot Pntton left the hospital without making further investigation of the case The facts concerning the toldicr were later ascertained He was a regular army man who had en listed before the war from his home town in the south He had fought throughout the Tunisian and Sicilian campaigns and his record was excellent He had been diagnosed as n medical case the week previously but had refused to leave the front and continued on through the strain of battle He finally to the hos pital by After Palton left the soldier de manded to return to the front This rerjuest was refused at the time but after a week of rest he was in good shape and returned o his unit at the front immediately after the incident the soldier was reported in a mis erable state As a regular army man with pride in his record he fell his whole world dashed to pieces Dont tell my wife Dont tell my wife he was quoted as saying by persons who talked to him lal cr The chaplain at the hospital however pointed out that the in cident was the result of an out burst of temper due to the strain of battle and after several con versations with the soldiers per suaded him to accept it in that liKlit The incident was reported to Eisenhower The commnnderin chicf immediately wrote Patton a letter in which he denounced his conduct and ordered him to make amends or be removed from his command The old man certainly took the hide off him an allied headquar ters spokesman said PaUons conduct Ihen became as generous as it had been furious He apologized lo the soldier whom he had struck to the com mander of the hospital and lo all those present at tlic time lip then went before as marry officers and men as could be as sembled from each division tinder his cpmmand and repeated his At the close of the campaign in talking to correspondents Patton altgivrccounting the history of the Sicilian drive said When these things are happen ing a commanding gcncfil is un der iireal nervous tension He mav do things he may afterward re gret But I have palled 5 soldiers on the back for everyone I have spoken a harsh word to I dealt harshly with a couple of soldiers and was wrong I am going to apologize to them The incident reflected lie char acter Rciicnil who drives both himself and his men io the very limit in battles who is hiehly emotional at times and is sivcn to outbursts when untlcr strain he is regarded by manv of ficers as the best field general in the American army It is generally believed here bv military men that Sicily would never have been conquered in days had it not been for rations driving force His value as a general was one reason why his case was dealt with as it was While many soldiers initlcr 1at tons command may tint have much affection fur him they all respect him as 1 great Kcnvrat and hivc confidence in him as a commander ration himself iloesnt care whether they like him or mil regards battles his joh as winninK IS RIPPED WITH FIERCE ATTACK Berlin Can Never to Sweden Declares BULLETIN London radio sta tions shut down Tuesday nighl in Possible indication that allied air forces were attacking auain in campaign to force the naxis In their knees through airpower By KOBEKT STUKDEVANT London Jhe heaviest aerial bombardment in history the RAF engulfed Berlin Monday night with fire and devastating explosives thundered down from 1000 bombers More than 2300 Ions of high explosives and incendiaries were dropped on the worlds 4th larg est xcity it was officially staled Tuesday night This surpassed the previous record of 2300 tons dropped in the raid that helped lay waste to Hamburg First hand accounts from Ber lin correspondents of Stockholm newspapers told graphically how destruction ran through the heart of the city wrecking government buildings and foreign legations Berlin never can recover front tins Wow the AftanliditiiiRen quoted its sources as sayiiift Industrial areas still burning from the heavy raid last Thursday nighl were smashed again Strong formations of daylight bombers roarccl across the English chan nel to add further weight to the growing allied effort to wreck the rcich by aerial assault Tlie Aftontidningcn gave a pre liminary estimation of 10000 per sons dead and injured Berlin of ficially admitted a very large number killed and injured There were 2 attacks said the Stockholm Aftonbladet c o r r e spondent The 1st came curly and when the all clear was given peo ple swarmed from shelters They hardly had reached the streets uhen the sirens howled a 2nd time Thus many were trapped outside shelters find the casualty toll mounted The RAFs force consisted al most entirely of lcngiiicd bomb ers Taking off from Britain in the late aflcrminn for Iheir 600milr journey they delivered their 1st attack around 8 p m Sluckholin dispatches said the headquarters of Production Oar ff if if ;