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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 20, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS 0AILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS ted Press Full Leased AVircs Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY NOVEMBER 20 1915 NAZI WAR CRIME TRIAL OPENS Hess Fails in Attempt to Snub Rest of Nazi Gang By ANN STRINGER TTnlted Press Correspondent Nuernberg Hess tried to snub the rest of the Hitler gang Tuesday but failed The gloomy nazi mystic who had taken orders from no one but the fuehrer entered the war crimes courtroom with rigid aloof ness Later however he broke down and talked with both Her mann Goerine and Joachim von Kibbentrop Several times he even attempted a strange nervous laugh It was plain from the first min ute that Hess has changed Gone is the quiet arrogance of other days The yellowish balding man entered the courtroom with a weary gait almost like the men of Dachau and the men of Buch enwald Wearing a plain gray suit he walked as if he carried some vast invisible burden He faced judgment with his memory still locked within him the victim ot amnesia He still refused to speak up and admit All right I was there Now whal can you do about it hypnotic amnesia with a large voluntary block Kelley said that Hess probably could be cured in 15 days but the stubborn prisoner still refuses all treatment Hess steady eyes searched the was just beginning to enjoy the forward and excitement of it Once he leaned spoke to Joachim von Kibbentrop Hitlers foreign minister But Hess still refused to have anything to do with those who floor the ceiling and sometimes were trying him A French inter the windows It was almost as il he wished evennow at the final hour to run away Hermann Goering the No 2 nazi broke the ice Goering wear ing a light gray uniform without insignia walked just ahead of Hess Strangely he looked health ier and more fit than in the days when he had bossed the lultvvaffe Goering halfturned once with cynical smile and muttered something to Hess The former deputy fuehrer laughed bleakly and gave a short reply Goering moistened his lips with his tongue and turned away After taking his seat however Hess became less tense He stared at the others who were filing in This was his first public appear ance since he had parachuted down into Scotland on May 10r Maj Douglas Kelley the prison 1941 after his mysterious flight psychiatrist said Yes its true from Augsburg Apparently be preter who had assisted the psy chiatrists in their examinations stopped and spoke to him Hess his jaws gripped lightly together stared straight ahead and refused to return the greeting Only Monday he had given this same interpreter a bright Good morning Once they were In the court room moat of the prisoners seemed strongly curious about Hess They kept looking at him some smiling and others almost glowering Orily the Jewbaited Julius Streicher dressed in black was sternly indifferent With his hand on his hip Streicher sat forward on the edge oE his chair and glared arrogantly about the room He looked as if to say straight past Hess not like the others You dont fool me you quitter GM to Answer UAW Ultimatum by Friday Detroit Motors corporation Tuesday informed the CIO United Automobile Workers union that it will reply to the union proposal for arbitration of the 30 per cent wage increase on or be fore Friday Nov 23 In a brief communication address to Walter P Reuther TJAWCIQ vice president the corporation said We are In receipt of your letter of Nov 19 1945 demanding an answer to the proposals contained therein within 24 hours Our reply to this communication will be delivered o you on JT before Friday Nov 23 The union proposal called for the appointment of a 3 man board of arbitration with the right to examine the corporations books as well as those of the union and any wage increase resulting from the arbitration should not be tied in with higher prices for General Motors products Anxiety was heightened by the fact that the GUI council repre senting more than 300000 workers throughout the nation was sched uled to adjourn 1 hour after the deadline at 3 p m Tuesday the names of aSiman board member to be cnbsen by each party and the third by the other 2 The board would have access to any company or union records deemed necessary and its decisions would be binding on both parties Any wage increases granted by theboard could not be used by Genera Motors as a basis for seeking car price increases and the board would be empowered to make recommendations for reductions in prices of GM pro ducts if it so desired In a letter to Wilson accom panying the proposal Walter P Reuther UAWCIO vice presi dent said We prefer the confer ence table and the hearing room to the picket line Then he added Do you Wilson approached as he left a session of the labormanagement conference in Washington de clined comment on the merits of the proposal He said he and other company officials would have to examine it more carefullyand ex pressed doubt a reply could be readied in the time allotted General Eisenhower Favors Sending Wives to Occupation Troops in European Theater Boohe residents Tuesday were settling back to a AIRLINE SEATS GIVEN TO VETS 70 Per Cent Space Allotment Lt Washington govern ment Tuesday ordered all airlines perating eastbpuhd Sights irom he west coast 70 per cent f their space to arrny and navy ersonnel returning from the Pa cific The order is effective Dec 3 The action was taken by the of ice of defense transportation which said it is necessary because f heavy arrivals of returning ervicemen at west coast ports Several hundred thousand men month are expected to be arriv ng there by the end of the year ODT said The agency estimated that 100 men a day can be flown easl by the airlines The order the first issued by 3DT affecting air travel applies o airlines operating east from Se ittle Wash San Francisco Los Angeles and San Diego Cal Buyyonr Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazett carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy with shower Tuesday night changing to ligh snow early Wednesday an ending Wednesday afternoon Much colder Tuesday night am Wednesday Iowa Occasional showers north west in entire state Tuesda night changing to snow b morning and ending Wednesda afternoon or night Much cold er late Tuesday night an Wednesday Fresh to stron northerly winds Wednesday Shippers Forecast Northwest 15 southwest northeast 20 south east 25 Minnesota Snow flurries an steadily falling temperature ac companied by moderatel strong northerly wind Tuesda night becoming partly cloud and considerably colder Wednes day night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending a 8 oclock Tuesday morning Maximum 44 Minimum 32 At 8 a m Tuesday 34 YEAK AGO Maximum 46 Minimum 31 Precipitation 02 Snow trace more normal existence after say ing goodbye to their famous and popular weekend guest General Dwight D Eisenhower The general left on a special j train for Chicago Monday night after holding a press conference but Mrs Eisenhower stll was hos pitalized here rapidly recovering from pneumonia told newsmen be fore his departure that fayor of taking the wives of oc cupation troops to Europe after have gottendown to theoccu pation forces His policy he said would give the wife of trfe losvli est GI the same right as any of ficers wife or my wife lor in When such a policy mightbe put into effect was difficult to say Eisenhowerasserted explain ing the tremendous problem of attorneys who are defending topflight Nazis before the international War Crimes Tribunal talk over their task in front of the court house in Nuernberg Germany where trials will be conducted Left to right are Dr Hans Marx counsel for Julius Streicher Dr Otto Stahmer representing Herman Goering Dr Fritz Sauter who is defending Joachim von Ribbentrop and Dr Gunter von Rohr seheidt counsel for Rudolf Hess AP Wirephoto via radio from Paris getting military governments es tablished in Germany and of getting large numbers of troops home affected it Accompanying the general on his trip to Chicago where he will uncle Mr and Sirs Jfoel E Carl son The general bid his wife good bye at the hospital w h e r e he spent most of the weekend at her bedside and then held his press conference prior to boarding the special train Commenting on the 4 power occupation of Germany at his press conference the general de clared to date it has been as suc cessful as we had any right to ex pect considering the various phi losophies of the countries in volved In response to a question if he expected any trouble with Russia Eisenhower exclaimed No of course I dont expect ariy trouble with Russia If I did Id want every soldier I could keeg there He said the German situation might be classed as harsh and forbidding but not black and tragic United States is not going to let people die of mass starva tion That wont be done ARMY B29 SETS NONSJOP MARK Superfort Hops From Guam to Washington Washington B29 which came all the way from Guam without a stop landed here Tues day afternoon and the army air forces immediately claimed a worlds distance record The plane hit the runways at the National airport at p m approximately 35 hours and some 8000 miles after it left Guam The recognized distance record is 715844 miles set by the Brit ish in 1938 in a flight from Egypt to Australia Two weeks ago 4planesheadec by Brig Gen Frank A Arm strong flew nonstop from the Japanese island of Hokkaido to Washington a distance of abou 6700 miles Hitlers Henchmen Lose AU Glamour at War Crime Trial EDITORS P Ixchner veteran foreign corre pondent who as chief of the Berlin bureau of The Associated Press vitnessed the rise of the nazis from 1938 until he was interned by the Germans in 1941 Is a member of the AP staff covering the Nuernberg var crimes trial Here he gives a word picture of the men in the prisoners dock address Tuesday the American Legion night was Maj Gen Howard Snyder army medical of ficer who flew here from Wash ington to consult on the illness of Mrs Eisenhower Gen Snyder and Dr A B Deer ing of Boonc issued a joint state ment late Monday saying that Mrs Eisenhower had turned the corner and is on the road to re covery The doctors said she would remain in the hospital for a number of days before return ing to the home of her aunt and Russia Halts Iranian Fotce to Quell Riot Tehran troops dis patched to Azarbaijan province to quell separatist disturbances there were halted at Kazvin Tuesday by Russian authorities and ordered to return to Tehran the Iranian gov ernment said Four battalions of troops and gendarmes had been m o v i ng slowly northward from Tehran apparently with the tacit consent of the Russian army commander to quell the outbreak in which seven already have been reported killed Kazvin is about 100 miles north east of Tehran and approximately onethird of the distance between the Iranian capital and Tabriz Azerbaijans largest city The troops moving to reinforce government garrisons consisted of two infantry battalions one bat talion of motorized troops and one battalion of gendarmes the latter accompanied by two American ad visors f r o mt Col Norman Schwarzkopfs police a d v i s or y mission in Iran Communications between Teh ran and the northern pan of the country still were cut and no clear picture of the fighting could be obtained at the Iran capital Raise Whisky Ration for Iowa in December DCS Moines The state liquor commission announcec Tuesday that for the month o December three fifths of whisk would be available for each Iowa permit holder Since Sept 1 each permit holde has been alloted two fifths pe month Dick R Lane commission chair man saidhe could not say if th three fifths quota would be con tinued in January Whisky is the only liquor ra tioned in the state By IXJOTS P LOCHNER Associated Press Correspondent Nuernberg IP They were no longer glamour boys strutting across the European stage these 20 nazi leaders who filed Tuesday nto the crowded Nuernberg courtroom Hermann Goering without his medals dangling on his chest and he bejewelled marshals wand which he flashed at adulating crowds didnt seem to be Goerlng Julius Streicher no longer in a brown uniform and no longer dealingout blows with ariding switch did not seem to be the real Streicher Joachim von Ribbentrop unattended by the retinue of foreign office flunkies in S S uniforms who handed him state papers before his theatrical speeches as foreign minister looked again like the champagne merchant he once was t now he lookstoo old and spent to inspire the confidence of a prospective customer Baldur and HansTritzsche resenting the younger element in the nazi hier archy appeared as just 2 meek palef aced defend ants at the bar of justice The irony of fate placed side by side defendants who notoriously disliked each other Pudgy Walther Funk sat next to his economic and financial rival highcollared Hjalmar Schacht whom he replaced as minister of economics and president of the Keichsbank Funk seemed to try to hide his nervousness by loquacity pouring his eloquence into Schachts ear But Hitlers onetime financial wizard peered disdainfully through his thick pince ncz at the diminutive Funk kept his arms folded and refused to talk Whitehaired ruddy Constantin von Neurath once conducted the foreign policy of Hitlers 3rd reich later lorded it over Bohemia and Moravia as protector and waj known to oppose the methods of Prop aganda Minister Goebbels Tuesday he found himself next to Goeb bels righthand man the sallowcomplexioned Fritzsche Neither spoke a word to the other 20 OF HITLERS HELPERS HEAR CRIME RECITAL No 21Bormann Is Being Tried in Absentia at Nuernberg Nuernberg A strangely assorted score of gloomy nazis sat dejectedly Tuesday before an in ternational military tribunal heard themselves formally ac cused at nazi war crimes the murder of 10000000 Europeans plunder horror and torture Throughout the opening session of the historic trial for their lives Ilitlerian followers such as corpulent Herman Goerhig vague Rudolf Hess and defiant Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel listened through earphones while spokes men ot the nations which crushed their heirarchy recited crimes the world had never before witnessed By turns prosecutors of the United States Great Britain France and Russia droned through the 4 counts of the 35000word indictment accusing the last of the leading nazis ot conspiracy to commit crimes against the peace actual commission of crimes against the peace war crimes and crimes against humanity Even the appendices containing individual charges against the 20 defendants were read meaning that the men who terrorized Eur ope only a year ago could not he arraigned until the Wednesday STREICHER Accused Japan War Criminal Clieats Justice by HaraKiri Baron Honjo Commits Suicide After Order for Arrest by Allies HITLERS picture of Eva Braun is from her album found Nov 15 by American intelligence officers Eva and Hitler are reported by British intelligence to have during the last days of Berlin and to have died together a day after their marriage AP Wirephoto GREEK CABINET MEMBERS QUIT Economic Troubles Cause of Collapse Athens cabinet of Greek Premier Panayotis Kanel lopoulos resigned Tuesday Kanellopoulos vice president of the Greek cabinctinexile during the war and former minister of finance and reconstruction be came premier on Nov 1 on assign ment from Regent Archbishop Damaskinos after a series of cabi net crises Government quarters attributed the cabinet collapse to recurrent economictroubles which took a turn for the worse Monday with reports reaching Athens that the British government had turned down a Greek request for a re habilitation loan Tokyo Gen Shigeru Honjo accused war criminal and reputed ringleader in the conquest of Manchuria committed hara kiri Tuesday less than 24 hours after he was ordered arrested The baron was lying on his right side in a pool of blood in his office at the former Japanese war college when allied reporters and photographers arrived Blood still oozed from the iSody and the hilt of his ceremonial sword was thrust up from the sheet which partly covered the body A small cup containing tea dregs was beside the body The oldline officer performed the Japanese harakiri ritual by slashing his stomach crosswise then cutting his throat But instead of the ritualistic kimono Honjo wore his army uni form His upthrust boots were highly polished Honio one of 11 war leaders of the past imperialistic decade or dered imprisoned Monday dieii shortly after his secretary found his slashed body on his office floor I cannot endure as a soldier our country to appear before a court of allied powers Honjo said in a letter written shortly be fore he killed himself I find no way of apologizing to his majesty and the people for bringing my nation to such a mis erable state of affairs The letter addressed to his sec retary Kawamura said it was Honjos desire that his eldest son Kazou not succeed to his title of baron The retired general who was serving as president of the organi zation for relief of demobilized BARON IIONJO soldiers had gone to his office early Tuesday morning as usua1 although the organization hac been ordered abolished by Mac Arthur The 69 year old Honjos eldes son told Kyodo news agency tha his father learned of the arrest order only when he read a morn ing newspaper and feared he would be tried as a war criminal Upon reading it he felt ful responsibility the son said He told us he would go to court am express his beliefs then take whatever responsibility fell on him There were no signs that contemplated suicide DEGAULLETALKS TO PARTY CHIEFS Pushes Efforts for Coalition Government Paris De Gaulle Tues ay conferred with communist ocialist and popular republican MRP leaders of the constituent issembly in his efforts to form a oalition government No declaration was immediately orthcomingwhether progress had been made in reconciling com munist demands for a policymak ng cabinet post and De Gaulles avowed opposition Prior to the conference with De Gaulle the communist parlia mentary group met and announced it remained firm in its request for 1 or 3 affairs war of interior The communists made one con cession in announcing acceptance 3f the socialist amendment adopted by the assembly Monday calling for tripartite government Com munists abstained Monday in vot ing on this point The delegation which saw De Gaulle included Jacques Duclos Maurice Thorez and Florimond Bonte communists Vincent Aur iol Daniel Mayer and Andre Philip socialists and Maurice Schumann Francisque Gay and Andre Colin oopular republicans De Gaulle declined comment session The nazis sometimes sat with earphones clasped on to hear translations in German piped to them as the prosecutors read in English French and Russian Robed attorneys sat beside them Of the 24 originally indicted 1 is at large 2 too ill to attend and I has committed suicide Martin Bormann Hitlers deputy was being tried in absentia Kob ert Ley the labor leader took bis own life Ernst Kaltenbrunner of the gestapo and Gusiay Krnpirvon After theindictments jUfull each defendant wiUviiJiead or notvffeiXilty Then the prosecution will make its opening statement I 1 Former German Foreign ter Joachim von Ribbentrop col lapsed late in the afternoon ses sion and had to be given seda tives He was taken from the crowded court chamber for 20 minutes after he complained of dizziness and acute pain from fa cial neuralgia Doctors said he would be ready for Wednesdays session The room was too close Rib bentrop said Id been sitting too long What disposition the tribunal would make of the reports of alienists on Hess mental condition had yet to be announcedBut the former Hitler deputy seemed at moments almost frivolous as the proceedings got under way After the recess British Lord Justice Geoffrey Lawrence pre siding announced the trial would continue without the presenceof Ernst Kaltenbrunner former nazi security police chief who has suf fered a cranial hemorrhage The black gowned defense at torneys listened intently to every Banker Dies DBS Moines McPher rin 81 president of the Central National Bank and Trust Co for 2G ysars until he resigned in 1939 died at his home Monday follow ing an extended illness In recent years he had devoted his time to the First Federal State bank which he organized in 3911 word that was spoken but their clients as strangely garbed as a cast of beggars in an opera ex hibited varying emotions From the paunchy prima donna of nazism Hermann Goering him self to the quiet relatively ob scure propaganda ministrys handyman Hans Fritzsche the de fendants listened with varying emotions as lurid deed after lurid deed of the 3rd reich was recon structed in English prose There were no legal furbelows at the start of the historic case in the small oakpanelled court room whose windows overlook the onetime shrine cityof nazidom Lord Lawrence told the defend ants Britain the United States the soviet nnion and France had been entrusted with the punishment of war criminals adding This trial which is about o begin is unique in the history of jurisprudence and in importance to people all over the world Sidney S Alderman assistant to Chief U S Prosecutor Justice Robert H Jackson opened the proceedings by reading a con densed version oi the indictment His voice trembled with nervous ness The defendants stared glumly during the lengthy reading of the indictment Hess Ribbentrop Keitel and Rosenberg listened without using the translators ear phones provided for each man on trial Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ;