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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 20, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OP HISTORY AHO ARCHIVE DCS THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AIL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS ill Leued Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON Crilf IOWA MONDAY NOVEMBER 20 1914 One Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO CUT Snodiy p WOI Amis n m KHMO Tuesdir p VVSUI Cllr fVeinesdiT p m KSCJ Sloai City Friday f m KICD Spencer p m Stormy Times Lie Ahead for France IF you harbor the notion that allied liberation France has led that great nation into smooth harbor youre about as wrong as you can be in my opin ion Theres going to be a lot of storm and tempest before these once great people are securely anchored in that smooth harbor of sound government and stable economics This opinion I should add is based on a brief 10day visit in France in early September My colleague from South Dakota and I had the distinction if it is a distinction of arriving in Paris ahead of any other American MEN in civilian clothes And I deliberately accent the men because an American woman in civilian clothes hac beaten us there She was Mrs Frances Bolton of Cleveland Ohio reputed to be the wealthi est member of the boose of con gress She bore a personal letter of priority from Gen George Marshall and reached the French capital 6 days after liberation We arrived 2 days later and with credentials that were consider ably less impressive than those borne by the consresswoman All of this I mention by way o making it clear that I am no pretending to speak with any final authority on the subject t be discussed in thiscommentary Obviously one couldnt get all the answers to the complex question which is France in any such brie period of 10 days Much there fore that I tell you will be in the nature of impressions rather than conclusions OUR trip across the channel wa in an LST which mean landing ship for an our landing was at Utah beach head In my dispatches from Eu rope I couldnt mention Utar beachhead It was a military secret a term h ave been deleted from my copy if I had inserted it Utah is one of the 2 beach heads opened up by the Ameri cans on Cherbourg peninsula of Normandy The other is Omaha beachhead Why one was called Utah and the other Omaha I never did learn I dont know now I only know that that was the code reference And for the next 50 years both beachheads Utah and Omaha are going to be dealt with in ar guments by the American boys who went into France on DDay The arguments are going to be on the question of which was the tougher which was the more im portant in the overall pattern of the war etc My own landing was on Utah We came in late one evening on a high tide and had to wait until next morning for it to recede Then our flatbottomed craft a little less than a block long set tled down on its flat bottom on the sandy beach The bow of our ship was let down to form a platform and trucks on board the ship began rolling down it to the pavement hard sand I was in one of those trucks AFTER spending a day in a traf fic concentration center some 8 miles from Utah beach we were taken into Cherbourg for a 2day stay Enroute we passed through a halt dozen cities which during the Normandy campaign had been under fire from bomb and shell It was our first contact with the fruits of total war in France Cherbourg itself escaped with surprisingly little damage But the dock and arsenal area along the harbor had been 1DO per cent demolished by the Germans be fore they pulled out Magnifi cent demolition was a term em ployed by American military au thorities in describing the scene Nazi military authorities had good reason for believing that i1 would take the Americans 6 months to get the harbor back into repair for use It would have taken that longer if that course had been pursued But that wasnt the American method New dock constructions had prefabricated and stored at a convenient point across the channel At the proper time these were floated across the channel and installed almost overnight The result was that on the day I arrived in Cherbourg that great port city was actually receiving more cargo than it had ever re ceiveri in its long history as b maritime center established by Napoleon It would be a mistake however for anybody to assume that any considerable part of the supplies for the Americans fighting in western Europe have been re ceived through Cherbourg The great bulk of these supplies have Continued an Face 2 YANKS MOP UP METZ SNIPERS Tim Paper Consists of Two One NO 36 6th War Loan Drive Opens With Goal of 14 Billions Washington Bth war loan drive began Monday with the g o v e inent asking Americans t o dig into their pockets for an other 000000 to keep the attack roll ing1 President Roosevelt P o i n tedly re minding the nation that the war is not no not by many a costly battle1 Sunday nigmt cited figures show ing that 14 billions will scarcelv pay the cost of global war for 2 months At the present rate he said in a war bond atidress broadcast from the white house the waris costing in Novem about a day That is why every bond you buy is so important the president emphasized While we have svery reason to be proud of what has been optimistic about the ultimate lave no reason to be complacent about the tough road ahead that lies Some idea of the dividends this huge investment is paying came from Navy Secretary Forrestal He told a Minneapolis war bond rally that among other things the money the navy has spent since 1940 helped sink 1400 enemy ships destroy 10000 enemy Planes and drive the Japanese from over 8000000 square miles of the Pacific area In New York Rear Admiral Monroe Kelly commandant of the 3rd naval district opened that citys 53667500000 campaign with a plea to replace approxi mately worth ot ships he said were lost in the recent Philippine sea battle More than 100000 persons turned out in Chicago Sunday to see 400 marines demonstrate mod ern assault tactics at a war bond show and there will be similar shows in a 100 other cities In Baltimore it was announced thai 75 per cent of the tickets avail able to the public for the Dec 2 ArmyNavy football game would be sold to purchasers of bonds Treasury officials estimated hat at least of the bond goaX would come out of he pockets of the average citizen Volunteer solicitors about 6 000 000 of them in the nation will ring doorbells in housetohouse canvasses for buyers No Holiday Boxes of ars This Christmas EISENHOWER URGES SUPPORT Aachen Capture Delayed by Ammuniti6iivSriortage Washington Dwight D Eisenhower urged the nation to back the men on the fighting fronts by buy ing bonds and still more bonds until the 000000000goal is met and ovexsubscribed E i s enhower reminding the nation that the capture of Aachen was delayed by a short age of artillery ammunition said that although much has been ac complished in war production a new and even greater miracle will save countless lives and shorten the war More than 6000000 volunteer workers nre enrolled in the 6th war loan which seeks 000 from individuals and 000000 from nonbank investors by Dec 1C They will attempt to boost over the mark the total of raised in 5 previous loans Director Ted H Gamble of the treasurys war finance division said that newspapers magazines radio stations the advertising in dustry war plants schools state Cig New York Smokers al ready hardpressed to find cigar ets will have to forego the tra ditional holiday boxes of this Christmas So says the Cigar Institute of America announcing it will undertake a coloredposter advertising campaign to acquain smokers with the shortage since 91000000 cigars a month are go ing to the armed forces DIES IN MEXICO Mexico City Ignacio Bolivar Urrutia 94 internation ally known natural scientist and a Spanish republican exile diet Sunday WELCOME GIVEN RESHUFFLE OF CHIN A CABINET Many Think Move Not Far Reaching Enough to Promote War Effort Chungking Ho Ying Chin minister war in the Chi nese government since 1930 was replaced Monday by Gen Chen Cheng in a shakeup involving 8 cabinet posts O K Yui was elevated from vice minister to minister of finance in succession to Dr H II now in the United States Gen Chen formerly was com mander of Chinese expeditionary forces on the Salween front He is regarded as one of Chinas ablest field commanders The other new appointees were Chow Chung Yao from minister of the interior to vice president of the examination yuan 1 branch of the government Chang Li Sheng from secretarygeneral of the executive yaun to minister of the interior Chu ChiaHua from vice president of the examination yuan to minister of education Chien LiFu from minister of ed ucation to minister of the Kuom ingtang organization Wang Shih Chief from the presidium of the peoples political council to min ister of information and Liang HanChao from minister of in formation to minister of overseas affairs All circles in Chungking wel comed the government reshuffle although to many it did not ap pear farreachine enough Some observers pointed out that while Kiine was removed from ministry of finance he still retained the highly important post of vice president ot the executive Yuan vicepremier and sjtill was the head of 4 YANKS IN American soldiers in Metz during the 3rd armys drive toward Germany unlimber an artillery piece preparatory to blasting the Germans again committees tions have and local organiza rallied behind the drives slogan My flunking my money and my time will stay in this war to the finish Gen Ho YingChinapparently still retained his post as chief of the general staff Some quarters noted that both Kung and Ho YingChin were subjected to criticism at a recent session the council where peoples political their resignation was advocated openly The important question to many in the foreign quarter was wheth er the changes are forerunners of new ones and whether the changes would exert any influ ence towards a compromise be tween the government and the Chinese communists Gen Chen Chens is considered one of Chinas ablest comman ders He is popular both with the army and the people He has won a high reputation as an adminis trator since ht assumed the gov ernorship of Hupeb in 1937 He NAZIS RETAKE MONTE FORTINO Bitter Fighting Marks Campaign in Italy Rome troops re captured Monte Fortino 5 miles southeast of the BolognaRimini highway town of Faenza after bitter fighting with Polish units of the Bth army allied headquar ters announced Monday The Poles repulsed 2 German counterattacks on Converselle and improved their positions adjacent to Monte Fortino Eighth army patrols probed en emy positions south of Ravenna on the Adriatic coastal sector and along the Montone river In the mountains south of Bologna American units of the 5th army threw back several smati scale German fcounteraf tacks 26 KILLED SKYTRAIN CRASH Troop Carrier on Way From England to France London Amer ican soldiers were killed and 4 injured in the crash Sunday nigh of a C47 Sky train troop carrier enroute from England to France air force headquarters announced Americans Invade New Island Group Off New Guinea Coast By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor American assault forces invaded a new island group off the New uinea coast recaptured one of the Palau islands and counted more ban 53000 Japanese casualtiesin the Philippines campaign Chinese nearly matched these gains by capturing Mangshih and is 44 The new minister of informa tion Wang ShihChief assumes the direction of censorship He is a close trusted advisor of Gener alissimo Chiang KaiShek and may be able to induce improve ment in censorship conditions He led the Chinese mission to Brit ain and during the last 6 months has been chief negotiator in dis cussions with the Chinese com munists Weather Report FORECAST Mason city Partly cloudy Mon day night Lowest temperature Monday night in Mason City 30 Tuesday fair warmer in after Iowa Partly cloudy and cool through Tuesday Gentle to moderate winds Sundays max imum 4G at Mason City mini mum 31 at Fort Dodge and Ma son City Minnesota Mostly cloudy and slightly colder A few snow flur ries northeast portion Monday night Tuesday partly cloudy and cool IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 46 Minimum Sunday night 31 At 8 a m Monday 36 Snow trace Precip 02 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday night At 8 a m Sunday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 41 21 42 34 34 Monday The plane was not a hospital ambulance and it was stated that contrary to earlier reports there were no wounded men or flighl nurses aboard The Skytrain a transport type that lias carried thousands of men to battle crashed near an 800foot peak north of Brighton in southern England Six victims were taken to a nearby hospital where 2 died and the others re mained in serious condition No cause has been fixed for the plane going out of control air force headquarters stated Gl IS CITED FOR HEROIC ACTION Directs Men in Upset Tank Back to Own Line U S Army Headquarters Pa cific Ocean young Iowa army tanker who kept his wits when his tank ran off a cliff and overturned and then led other crew members to safety has been awarded a bronze star for heroic achievement The tanker Pvt Harry V Ma gilton Charles City Iowa was participating in the battle for Sai pan Island when the incident which led to his decoration oc curred Pvt Magilton the citation read was a member a crew of a light tank which was operating within the enemy lines after dark In the darkness the tank ran off the side of a small cliff and turned upside down which pre vented the crew members from evacuating through the turret Seeing that his tank comman der was in a dazed condition he toolc charge and directed the crew through the bottom escape hatch He led them away from the tank over terrain which was very rugged and in enemy hands After several hours of crawling and maneuvering to avoid the enemy he was able to find a place to re main overnight The next morning he led his men along covered routes until they were rescued by our tanks which were then commencing to Reports His Goat Ate 2 New Tires Bciincllsville S Car IP Farmer Robert L Edwards gave his county rationing board an af fidavit saying his pet goat climbed into his truck and ate a certifi cate he had just received for 2 new tires Sorry said the board the countys tire quota is ex hausted for a month 25 attack the enemy INTIMATE JAP ARMIES JOINED Chinese Report Nippon Gams in Kwangsi Area Chungking Chinese high command intimated Monday night that 2 Japanese columns boring into Kwangsi province from the north and east had formed a junction west of Liuchow com pleting a direct link across China from Hong Kong to Manchuria and trapping any Chinese troops caught in a pocket southwest of Liuchow The development was indicated in the high commands report that Japanese troops had thrust 35 miles northwest from recently captured by an enemy column driving from the Canton area penetrating Bhamo at either of their narrowing Burma road campaign Japanesecontrolled radios re ported 300 American carrier planes twice raided Manila Sun day Philippines One re port said the big landbased Lib erators joined in the attack on the area for the first time Tokyo broadcasts claimed Nipponese flyers sank 2 allied cruisers 4 submarines and 3 transports and damaged a carrier battleship and 4 transports Allied communiques reported a Japanese battleship and cruiser were left exploding and in flames North Borneo 13 small Japanese crafi were sunk trying to run rein forcements and supplies into Ley ie island in the Philippines and U S warships again shelled Iwo island 750 miles south of Tokyo Small invasion forces hit the Asia islands 180 miles west oi the Mapia group where troops who landed last week completed mopping up operations Both is land groups less than 150 miles from New Guinea were taken from the Japanese to eliminate air raid warning stations Five hundred miles to the northeast infantrymen of the 81st division recaptured Ngeregong is land in the Palau group without opposition The Japanese had pre viously retaken the island Nov 7 Marines walking almost shoul der to shoulder and led by 901 dogs hunted the length of Saipan island in the Marianas killing 248 wellfed Japanese and capturing 47 Toial Japanese military losses on Saipan are 25392 killed and 1062 captured Gen Douglas MacArthur an nounced that an estimated 45000 Japanese casualties have been in flicted in land action during the Leyte invasion a month old Mon day This figure did not include an estimated 8000 killed when a convoy of 10 destroyers and war ships was wiped out in Ormoc bay 10 days ago nor the naval cas ualties in the 2nd battle of the Philippines Americans have suffered 5691 casualties including 1133 killed 4432 wounded and 126 missing MacArthur credited devastating artillery barrages and lifesavini infantry encirclement operation with the 8 to 1 ratio in land cas ualties The greatest encirclement of th rainswept Leyte campaign led t bitter fighting around Limon a the northern end of the Ormoi corridor Japanese hammered a 24th infantry road black with tanks and artillery and sent in filtrating infantrymen slippin through the jungles to the west Chinese successes on the Burm road were dimmed by a continuec 2prong Japanese push toward in terior China and a possible strik at the Burma road about 200 mile from Chungking Chinese routed Japanese fro Mangshih the last major fonvar stronghold on the Sahveen fron CHICAGO FIRE S FATAL TO 7 34 Tenants Rescued from Apartment Building Chicago persons 2 men and 5 women died Monday n an extra alarm fire in a 3 story Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from jour GlobeGazette carrier boy Chinese reorganize 34 miles down th to CJicfanr as ttiei to fall The for a drive Burma road former commander Gen Che Chens was named war ministc in Chianps reorganized cabinet Eight air miles west of Mang shih other Chinese threw back tankled Japanese attempt t break out of encircled Bhamo an then broke into the Burma town IOWAN DOWNS NAZI London IP Lt Robert Winks Sumner Iowa wa credited with shooting down nazi plane in the air over Munic Saturday side apartment building which about 34 tenants outh rom yererescued by Six suffocated or burned to death in the blare and a woman vas injured fatally in a leap from he 2nd floor A fireman also was njured in a fall during attempts o subdue the flames Michael Cody division fire marshal said it appeared that 2 ires had begun simultaneously 1 n front of the building and 1 in he rear of the building and or ered an investigation to deter mine if the origin was incendiary olice said Mrs Betty Tidmarsh n occupant told them a fire xtinguisher that hung in the 1st loor hallway was missing when husband Harold searched for t after detecting smoke in the Building Cody estimated damage to the tructure at ATTENDS CONVENTION DCS Moines M Ed vards Newton Iowa stale anti aloon league president is one of lowans scheduled to attend the 3rd national conference oE the AntiSaloon League of America in Ky Nov 2529 BURGUNDY GAP AT BELFORT IS WON BY FRENCH 5 Other Allied Annies Hit Sagging German Defenses for Gains BULLETIN U S 3rd Army France resistance in Metx ceased Monday except for snlp ng and a hoMout unit in a small barracks in the northwest section of the city United Press Correspondent Collie Small reported that the siege of perhaps the strongest ortress in western Europe was nearly over with all German re sistance crushed save for snipers and a crumbling core in a small barracks in northwestern IVIetz Lt Gen George S Patterns as sault forces were in almost com plete control of the city Small said The German stand in the encircled fortress collapsed like punctured balloon after a bit ter 2day battle BULLETIN London Paris radio said Monday night that French troops had reached Mulhouse BULLETIN London Swiss radio said Monday that Basel observers saw allied troops throw a bridge across the Rhine London AP French troops BROKE THROUGH the historic Burgundy Gap at Belfort and reached the Rhine it was announced Mon day as 5 other allied armies hit sagging German defenses along all the other historic routes of invasion into Ger many It was the week of great est promise since the Nor mandy breakthrough French troops and armor UNHINGED the entire Ger man southern flank at the Swiss border and surged into the outskirts of the by passed fortress city of Bel fort in a breakthrough an nounced by Gen Jean De Lattre De Tassigny of the 1st French army The Rhine was reached by nightfall Sunday he said American and French forces seized the entrances to 4 of the 6 main passes through the Vosges to the Rhine They are battling 37 miles from Strasbourg Zl miles from Colmar and 10 miles from IWuihouse all important cities on the French side of the Rhine Third army forces crushing Metz in a grip that seized a third of that blockedoff old Roman SIX ALLIED ARMIES CONTINUE and flags indicate where 6 allied armies continued their great winter offensive against German defenses on the western front ;