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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 20, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Cents a Copyt MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY NOVEMBER 20 1943 NO 37 ALLIED PLANES LASH SOUTHERN JAP DEFENSES Raids Extend From Java to Outposts in Marshall Gilbert Isles By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Growing allied air power bom barded Japanese defensive posi tions over a great explosive arc stretching nearly a Bin of the way around the world from tlie great naval base at Soerabaja Java to aerial outposts in the midPacific Gilbert and Marshall islands Allied dominance over the outer fringes of Japans southern de fense was indicated when army liberator bombers completed heir 6th successive day at raiding Gil bertMarshall bases without the loss of man or plane In the newest tiivust earner based American planes poured 90 tons ot bombs on Nauru a 3rd of the way down from the Gilbert Marshall group toward the Sol omons Tliis raid completed a clays work Thursday that in eluded an attack on Betio island on Tarawa atoll of the Gilberts While major fighting was lim ited to the New Guinea theater the quickening American activity throughout the Pacific brought a warning to the Japanese home front Hereafter said Admiral Kichisaburo Nomura the pro Pearl Harbor peace envoy to Washington Americas counter operations against Japan with AngloAmerican sea power as the root will be hastened and will steadily swell The Nipponese military lent important emphasis to this fear by the reported withdrawal of heavy forces of seasoned troops from north China and Manchukuo Chi nese sources predicted they were headed for the southwest Pacific Allied soldiers advanced in bit er Jungle figliting on the New Guinea land front as the air arm swung out in the most extensive campaign of the Pacific war Radio Tokyo said Japanese forces at Sattelberg New Guinea had repelled an American tank supported attack Tuesday But Gen Douglas MacArthur an nounced that Australian fighters had advanced against enemy Committee Cuts Tax Bill to 5th of Treasurys Request Washington members of the house ways and neans committee demanded deep retrenchment in wartime spend ng in pledging tlicir support Saturday for a new LATEST NAVY TANK latest model of the navys new LCT craft noses ashore at a Ixaieh and with its ramp dropped stands ready to take aboard a 32ton army tank Serbs Try to Block Strong Nazi Drive Along Adriatic London partisans have started a countcroffensivi o block strong German forces trying to wipe them out a liberation army communique said Saturday but the nazis succeeded in brcak into the town of Tuzla invaded 2 more Adriatic islands The enemy lost 300 tload 11 tanks destroyed and 2 damaged and many casualties in the battle around Tuzla 50 miles north of Sarajevo and around nearby Belima and Grachanica Several subsidiary attacks were beaten ofl The counterdrive was launch ed near Split along the lowcr Dalmatian coast 5 days ago and the communique said it achieved successes even during the 1st few days operations by the 1st Dal matian corps The German1 were said to have suffered heavy losses in battles 40 miles east of the post of Split Additional losses were inflicted on the Germans in repulsing attacks around Primorje in the direction of Sinj and Yasenovac some 15 miles north of Split marines invaded the Krk and Cherso off German islands of Fiume at the north end of the Adriatic and fighting is going on the communique said On Peljesac peninsula partisans beat off successive German at v Heaxy Tosses were juOicted on Maj Gen Eugene Reybold chief engineer of tho U S army corps of engineers said in New Guinea that it looked as though the Japs were on the run in the southwest Pacific and given enough men and equipment the allies would keep them running In Washington Secretary of the Navy Knox declared Our posi tions in the south and southwest Pacific grow stronger as Ihe Japa nese positions grow weaker The battle for final supremacy In the Solomons erupted in pul verizing raids on Bulca just off Bougainville where in three days American planes and war ships laid down a 241 ton barrage of bombs and shells There was no word of ground action on Bou gainville itself Japans last major hold on the Solomons Big liberators attacked Socva baja in a 2400 mile roundtrip flight for the 3rd raid this month on the former Dutch naval base An airdrome on nearby Bali felt the sting of allied bombs for the 1st time In China American fighter planes smashed at enemy positions in the Tungting likc and Salween river areas but Chinese dis patches said Chinese troops were forced to withdraw in 1 when the Japs used potsoti area as same sector the KakanjLashva rail line was partly destroyed NAZIS TRY TO INVADE SAMOS Ankara Reports Nazi Attempts to Take Isle London Ankara radio saiti Saturday that the Germans hatl begun attempts to invade Saruos Greek island north of the Dodecanese and next to the last Aegean stepping stone known to be in allied hands The reported invasion attempt began after tile fait of Leros in the Dodecanese this week to the combined attack of German sea and airborne troops Castelrosso easternmost of the Dodecanese is believed still held by the British but the Germans Friday said they had taken 3 other small islands including Ikria Patmos and Lipsos and were holding a 4lh island Furni RUMANIANS ARE LEAVING CRIMEA Claim 1 Division Has Already Reached Odessa Switzerland Bucharest correspondent oC the Swiss newspaper Gazette De Lausanne reported Saturday that Rumanian divisions attached to he German army in the Crimea lad begun evacuation of the pe ninsula H hoped to remove at least 50 per cent of the Huinanian troops comprising 7 divisions who have been garrisoning that section oC the Russian front the dispatch said The correspondent added that 1 division already had been suc cessfully transported as far as Odessa despite the surveillance of the Russian fleet The dispatch said 1be rest oi the witljdrawing army included division of armored J tank 2 light and 2 mixed divi sions To facilitate the expected mass transport Rumanian author ities have banned heavy shipping of civilian goods to the provinces of Bessarabia Rutheuia and Bu kovina the correspondent wrote revenue measure For too long the overburdened taxpayer lias been the forgotten man the republican minority said in a supplementary report as the full committee formally re ported the new tax bill For too the watchword has been spend and spend tax and lax The measure whittled in com mittee to about onefifth of what the federal treasury had asked reach the house floor Tues day The full committee declared in its report that the proposed levies represent all the new taxes the nation can bear without unduly disturbing our economy The administration had asked 810500000000 in additioivil rev enue to fight the war and con trol inflation But the committees report said Strict economy in government expenditures is more important than trying to absorb excess purchasing power through higher taxes In its supplementary report tile republican group said that some may attempt to belittle the amount irried in the bill but we do not elieve that the time has yet come hen 52000000000 of increased axes can be regarded as ineonsc viential even in these Jays of s1ionomieil spending The in case represents for every min te since the dawn of the Chris an era The republican members said lat in opposing the administra ious program and in unani mously contributing to its defeat i committee we took he posi 011 tlml z tax increase of this magnitude would impose entirely oo great a burden on taxpayers enerally They asserted that it would threaten the liquidation of the niddle class in America discour ge maximum production Cor the var effort and undermine the ibility of private enterprise to Girl 8 Broadcasts From London Restores Memory of Sailor 111 Xew York voice of an 8 year old girl singing her brothers favorite song by short wave from London Saturday re stored the memory of a mentally ill British seaman Maurice Thornton IT lay in TCUis Island hospital and heard his sisters clear piping voice say ing EJello Maurice from a bed side radio He lifted his head and smiled at the doctor Thats Sylvia he said softly Thats Sylvia The girls voice broke as she iokl her brother the family was well and she hoped he soon would be but White Christmas the song her brother loved camrr through clearly and calmly There had been little hope aV first that the song would do any thing more than amuse the sea man but doctors agreed that it was a try The quick response of recogni tion was regarded cautiously as possibly temporary but it was the 1st time that the boy had con nected himself with any Iriend or mention of his family since he was torpedoed a year ago Buy War Savinss Bonds and Stamps from your GJobcGaxclte carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Parity cloudy with little change in temperature Sunday and Monday Mason City Fair Saturday Sun d a y and Monday Slightlj warmer Saturday night Littl change in temperature Sunday and Monday Lowest tempera turep Saturday night 0 at Ma son Cily Minnesota Partly cloudy with oc casional snow flurries north be coming fair late Saturday nigh and Sunday little change in temperature except cooler ex treme west Saturday nigh cooler Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 41 Minimum Friday nisht At 8 a m Saturday 27 YKAK AGO Maximum H Minimum 35 Precipitation trace irovide jobs in the postwar pe for Hie tens of millions of per sons now temporarily engaged in vaiactivities both on the battle ronts and the home In calling for curtailment of enditures the minority declared e believe that from now war expenditures should be cx nmined with more care by the bud get bureau and by congress with a view to eliminating all unneces penditures Even if D saving of only 10 per cent could be made in the lotal war program it would result in lightening the future burden of American taxpayers bv approxi mately The report of the full commit tee declared the need for new gov ernment revenues has apparentlj been exaggerated The conclusion of the commit tee the tax writers said was that maintenance by the govern ment of the proper psychology and freedom from fear of infla tion on the part of every con sumer is considerably more im portant than the absorption o current excess buying powc through additional taxes AIRBORNE RED TROOPS SMASH ON WESTWARD Loss of Zhitomir Is Viewed by Russians as Temporary Setback Only BULLETIN Moscow tlt The Germans hurled counterattacks all along the judged Ukrainian front from the Pinsk marshes southward to he middle Dnieper the newspaper ISed Star rcnortcil Sat urday The Germans were hittiii especially hard hi the Chcrkas sector in a dciemrinccl effort to eliminate a new Russian bridge head which threatened the impnrtunt city held ly the Ger mans on the west bank of the middle Dnieper Moscow forces paced by uirbornc troops but tcred westward through tin Ukraine Saturday and military sources said Ibe loss of Zhitomi vas only a temporary setback in to the red army plan ti uirl the Germans back acres he border Official accounts of Fridays ac withdrawn from Xhit omir the capture of Ovruch to he north and i new crossing of he Dnieper at crred confidently to operations in he Polesii direction the area between the present front line and the borders pulling backthe southwest ern tip of his left flunk from Zhitomir Gen Nikalai F Vatutiu gave the Joe only a temporary respite authoritative information saitl RAF Makes Heavy Assault on Chemical Warfare Plant 2 Flying Fortresses Collide 1 Is Burned Tampa Ffa flying Tor tress collided with another for tress then crashed and burned 20 miles east of Tama Friday killing at least 8 and probably 10 men MacDill field public relations an nounced Saturday Although dam aged and with 1 motor knocked out the 2nd fortress reached Mac Dili safely For a whole week 7 German armored and infantry potentially more than 100000 been hammering the soviet Hank in a desperate effort to Vatutin to reduce hi pressure to the west where his spearleacfevAvcre within some 5C miles of the old Polish frontier Besides taking Ovruch the first Ukrainian armys right wi forced the Germans back along a 51iviUe stretch between Uiat rail junction and the lower Pripet Iver At many points the nuzis were shoved across the OvruchCherni gov railroad At the same time another column moving north westward alon the Iripet drove several miles beyond Chcrnobil The sudden shift ii soviet tac tics to the use of paratroops h force was designed to reduce kcj German communication protected by water barriers IUH svamps Paratroopers showered down ii the dense forests north of Clicr y Dnieper town below Kiev and joined a big guerrilla clctach in a decisive diversion whicl enabled the red army cotnmanc to throw a big force across thi river The 1st Russian crossings nortl of Cherkassy gave the Soviets an insecure bridgehead in open ter rain But a protracted engagemen between the partisans and para troopers on the one hand and th Germans on the other gave th Soviets ample fimc to throw rein forccments across to the wes bank and launch a drive aga ITALIAN imlicnte major pressure points by allied troops against Germans on the Italian front Terni railway yards north of Rome were bombed The Tiigno river is 1 feet above its normal level Allies Gain in Italy Despite floods Fierce Opposition By El WARD KENXEDV ALLIED HEADQUARTERS ALGIERS mut flooi rid fierce enemy opposition both the allied 5th and Gth armies hav ained ground at several points on the Italian front in the last 2 lours and the British have ad anced 5 miles to capture Pcrano 11 the Snngro river valley Allied headquarters announced hat units of Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys army had tak the little town on the east side jf the flooded river about a mile and a half northeast of Archi and he point of origin for recent enemy counterattacks in Ihe Buy War Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier hoy 10Church Canvass Starts Sunday about 13 miles inland from the Adriatic the mouth of the Sangro 8th army patrols crossed the river ind inflicted numerous casualties on the nazis in several clashes Farther south near llionero here were other clashes between Jlh army patrols and the Ger mans ami the announcement said they also produced many nazi casualties The occupation of Pcrano threatened German concentrations both at Archi and at the larger village of Eoniba 4 miles farther up the river American troops of the 5lh The story of the first simul laneous every member canvass among Mason City churches is about to be written in action Ten Mason Cil3 religious bodies were making final preparations Saturday to put an army of close to 400 persons in the field Sunday afternoon to raise the 1944 bud gets of their respective organiza tions To a sreater extent ever before however churches are re iijc otv members bringing their pledges to the sentees to save gas tires and time of the canvassers The canvass comes at the close of a publicity crmpaigu that has been under the supervision of a committee headed by Dr George Crabb a campaign that has transcended anything possible without the united effort of a number of churches Because of this campaign hat has focused the attention of the community on the church canvass as never before pastors are look ins for good results as the work ers their visitation Each church conducts its can ass independently At the Congregational church canvassers will meet at 2 oclock in the afternoon for instructions the challenge and a prayer of commission by the pastor the Rev Roy C Hclfenstein Return ing from the canvass the workers will be served refreshments by the women ot the church The Rev Marvin Lcc will com mission his workers at the Cen tral Lutheran church at the morn ing service Following the visita tion the canvassers will return to the church to make their report The First Methodist church largest of the groups in the drive will hold a dinner at the Y M C A where 160 workers will receive their assignments This church sent copies ot the 1914 budget and pledge cards to members to be brought to the church Sunday morning Doctor Manin B Kober stated The Immanucl Lutheran eon reation is relyine to a large ex tent dn a plan to have pledges bronsht to the church according to the Key B T Erholm Canvas scrs will mnkc their calls in the afternoon A dinner will be served for the canvassers at the First Christian church This will be followed by a dedicatory service Here too a large percentage of the pledges arc expected to come in at the serv ice according to the Rev George O Marsh At the Grace Evangelical church the Rev G H Bamford is planning to send out canvassers in the afternoon to homes from which no pledges come at the morning service Trinity Lutheran church which holds services at the Palace the ater is planning to raise its bud get by having pledges brought to Windsors Leave N Y After Visit of 7 Weeks Xcw York Duke and Duchess of Windsor slipped out ot New York unnoticed Saturday on i their way back to Nassau where the services the Rev Alvin Rognoss announced N The plan of getting as manv pledges as possible at the church before the canvass is to bo gen erally followed in other cooperat ing churches which are the Free Methodist the Rev Johnston the St Johns Baptist the Rev J 31 Eaves and the Union Memorial of which the Rev Henry C Moore is pastor he duke governor of the Ba namns will reopen the Icgisltiture next week Their departure ended visit of 7 to 8 weeks to the United States most of which was spent here quietly The lime of their leaving was not announced army jriincd groiiiKl atons the northern part of their line above Venafro pushing ahead in flifU cult terrain antl in the face of heavy German artillery fire BiR s of both sides blazed the whole 5lh army Bad weather curtailed air op erations sharply Friday but oc casional breaks in the cloud cover enabled fighters to attack com munications both in Italy and in Jugoslavia American warhawks struck nl German road traffic near the Adri atic port of Split destroying 4 vehicles while spitfires damaged a locomotive and railway cars and 13 trucks in the same area American A3G invaders at tacked a bridge near Casshui north of the Ivlijjnano front and warhnwks and killyhawks strafed Ihc Germans in the town of Bar ren northeast of Isernia Bostons bombed roads and buildings at Lanciano iu miles south of Pescara on the Adriatic on Thursday night Spitfires attacked road and rail way targets southwest of iWctkovic n Jugoslavia and shot up 2 cam ouflaged oil tanks south of Durazzo in Albania In aerial operations 2 enemy lanes wore brought down and 3 allied planes failed to return MOSLEY FREED FROM PRISON ExFascist Leaders Release Is Protested London Oswald Mot ley pruWiir leader of British fas cists was released from intern ment early Saturday despite the protests of British laborgroups The former blackshirt leader who had been interned for years left HolJoivay prison rn an ambulance with his wife who had been interned with him While a group of newsmen anc photographers waited outside the jail Sir Oswald was taken out by a rear door shortly after 7 a in The home office snitl there would be no statement until Her bert Morrison home securily minister makes his promised full explanation when parliament re REPORT CHAOS IN BERLIN FROM EARLIER RAIDS Night Attack Against Leverkusen Followed by Daylight Sallies London OP formations of illied planes swept out across the channel Saturday in a swift fol owup to a heavy assault by tlie RAF Friday msltt on tlie German chemical center if Leverkusen poison gas coinpollents are made The daylight foray was a continuation of Ihc intensive new aerial offensive which has seen I heavy raids from Britain in 4 days Friday nights 4ciigiiicd bomb er assault directed alsu against other unspecified lUiiitcland tar gets was the 2nd within 12 hours afrainst nazi centers chemical warfare and rescarcli Five bomb ers tailed to return Although details were lacking Ihc force of heavy bombers pre sumably was smaller than the record fleet of some 1000 4en gineil heavyweights flung against Bovlin and LvidwigshatciVs chemi cal plants Thursday night with their bomb bays crammed1 with 2500 long ions of blockbusters and incendiaries one of the heav iest airborne loads of the war Unfavorable weather conditions jreventccl an immediate asscss jient of the damage done Friday light in the 5th raid of the war Lovcrkusens chemical plants The city was last hit on Aug 2i Canadian formations played au important part in Friday nights and i Royal Canadian air force eominunUtuc saitl that 3 ot the 5 missing planes were Ca nadian Berlins nlaziu suburbs lit up the dark skies as the result of he Thursday iiijthtassault on that most important or bombinc lar Rcts andreports to Sweden and London said chaos WHS evident in the German capital American fortresses escorted by thunderbolts attacked targets in western Germany by daylight Fri day and returned to their bases without loss Pilots said they did not encounter i single enemy convenes The government had announced that the decision to free the Mi fighter and but little antiaircraft fire The targets were not named in the U S communique and no explanation wus given for Ihe omission As Friday nights raid carried the current allied air offensive Jo new heights Maj Gen William E Kepncr chief of the J S Bth airfurces fighter command dc as dined Hint now we have only to New 4 Mile Subway Opened at Moscow Moscow opened a new subway Saturday a 4mile line running under the Moscow river and linking the center of the city with the eastern indust rial section The stations are dec orated with marble despite the wartime scarcity and witli murals devoted to the red army and figures of Hussiau history CHILD IS DROWNED Gulhric Center tif Carroll Reeves 18 month old son of Mr and Mrs Joe Reeves drowned in a stock tank at the Reeves farm Friday The child had been play icys resulted iicaHli fvoni his iii ling French Battleship Richelieu Back on Duty to Strike Foe Algiers greatest battleship the 33000 ton Riche lieu which was damaged by Brit ish and Free French forces in an attack on Dakar was back on ac tive dutjSaturday ami under or ders of Henri Giraud to strike at the The Hicheliexi repaired ami re equipped at New York recently visited Algiers and was inspected by British First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff Sir Andrew Browne Cunningham and Giraud The latter speaking to the crew wished it luck and said I hope you soon do S9mething to help free France Sir Oswald and his wife slipped rrom the rear door of the jail in he predawu blackout ami were whisked away to an unknown destination Their freedom was believed to have been tempered by light re strictions which presumably in cluded a ban against any fresh po litical activities Mnslcv was described as Kiiiint and depressed from his years be hind the bars even llifmgh lie and his wife had lived in a uoinvara tivc luxury flat in Uulloway prison Morrison haci been swamped by resoiiJttotis and bitter comphihils since the announcement thiil the former fascist loader would be Treed As protests continued to pour into the home office Saturday trade unions scheduled o gigmitic protest at the London coli seum Sunday Lady jMoslcy who is Sir Os walds 2itd wife is a daughter of tho 2nd Lord Rcdcsdale and the sister of Miss Unity Freeman Mi iford a friend and at 1 time a frequent companion of Hitler The Mosleys were married ill Berlin in October increase our bcmboi uzid support ing lighters proportionately md concentrate against heavy indus try for Germany to crumble Kcimcr snid the allies had lie fcalcd the slnilcBjof flic German high command in the air We have been outnumbered occa sionally he said but we have defeated them every He added that German rocket1 planes were not causing the allies much vorry characterising com bat with ruckct ships as a holi day for Ihc American fighters Thousands of persons were re ported ID have been made home less in uid traffic was said have been by direct hits on rail yards and stations in Thursday nighl raid All day Fri day the German radio talked of bombs falling in the suburbs but that is where a lot of hey factories are situated It not until late Friday night that Berlin said the fires had been bronchi under con The Gcnmtns again sent a few raiders over southeast England during the night Bombs were dropped on one place causing a few casualties SIR OSWALD MOSLEY Leaves Internment Reveal Woman Hid Lover 16 Months in Space Under Parlor Inmlon story of a 33 year old woman who hid a lover for 1R months in a coffinlike feet by her parlor cnnc out of Chclmsford court Saturday By the official account related in couvl the secret was KO well kept that Ihe husband never sus pected But the court told the lover suspected that 3 other men also were friendly with the woman He emerged and the police seized him on a charge of desertion from the French army The woman was sentenced to a month in jail for helping to con ceal a deserter 1 FINAL loSeohowks 1 Notre Dame Iowai Nebraska FINAL 1 2 Minnesota Hi Wisconsin FINAL 1 Michigan Ohio State TINAL Purdue Indiana FINAL ;