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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 20, 1941, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT OF HISToay AHO DES MGINES IA NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION VOL XLVII1 THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUU LEASED WIRES FIVE cians A COPY MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY NOVEMBER 20 1941 MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT THIS FAFER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS NO 36 BRITISH DRIVE DEEPLY INTO LIBYA Charges Brought Against Bank Bandit YOUTH CAUGHT IN DES MOiNES ADMITS HOLDUP Says He Kept Driving North Until He Had Urge to Loot Kensett Bank county Sheriff Carl Sheimo and County Attorney L E Plummer IcEt Thursday for Des Moines to re turn Ernest R Lewis 22 year old former Madrid high school foot ball star who was captured at Des Moines Wednesday and confessed robbing the Kensett branch of the Manly state bank earlier that day The officers had with them an information charging Ire w i s with robbery with aggravation in connection with the holdup of the Kensett bank a holdup Lewis said netted him At Des Moines Detective Chief Paul Castelline said that Lewis i who had been working for a steel company in Des Moines had signed a statement admitting the holdup The statement said in part I just started to work and de cided to hold up a bank instead I cant give any explanation of what I did I wish I could turn the clock back 24 hours He told officers he couldnt re member doing a crooked thing before Relating that he kept driving north after getting a sudden rob a bank Lewis siiri thoughtId rob a big bank Then as I drove along I j decided it would be easier and less risky to rob a small bank Finally I Rot to Kensett I had only been there once before As I passed the bank I said io 1 myself This is the bank for me Ill give it the works Im in a mess but Im no flincher Ill take what is coming to me Policeman I C Joelson said Lewis offered no serious resist ance when his creamcolored coupe was forced to the curb at Second and Euclid avenues at the northern edge of Des Moines Joelson said that when he asked for Lewis drivers license the lat ter reached for the glove compart ment in his car Joelson drew his gun and said Never mind Ill look and found a 45 caliber au tomatic in the glove compartment he related Joelson then summoned four police cars by his twoway radio set and Lewis was taken into custody After turning over to de tectives Lewis told his jailer I was so nervous I missed this and took from his pockets askins that it be given to de tectives Lewis said he returned to Des Moines after the robbery and at tended a movie and was enroute to bis home in Madrid when cap tured Joelson stopped the bandits car when he noted it answered the description of the one Kensett residents said they believed wa used in the holdup 2 lowans Fined for Illegal Trapping DES MOINES Iowa conservation commission Thurs day reported Dean and William Jacobs of Mount Ayr Iowa Wed nesday night were fined S700 and costs in a Ringgold county justice ofthe peace court after pleading guilty lo possession of muskrais and mink pelts illegally taken The muskrat trapping season does not open in this state until Dec 1 i Turkey Dinner Served to Pupils for Dime JMONTEBELLO Cal turkey dinner for a dime Pupils of Montebello junior high i schoo tat 10 cents each enjoyei than 160 pounds of dressing gravy mashed potatoes cranberry sauce ho rolls and raisin pudding in the school cafeteria J The cafeterias surplus func made up the deficit Nudist From Carnival Takes in Clothes SAN DIEGO Cal Vere Bear hired a girl who hat been a nudist in a carnival Th Rirl and S100 worth of clothes ar missing Meet U S Leaders Saburo Kurusu right Japans special envoy to the United States and Admiral Kichisaburo Nomura left Japanese ambassador in the conferred with Presi dent Roosevelt and Secretary of State Cordell Hull after which a less belHgerent tone was observed by Tokio V V V 3 ARE WOUNDED AS COAL STRIKE MOVE SPREADS 90000 Commercial Miners Are Idle in Sympathy With Walkout WASHINGTON fp Three len were shot and wounded hursday in Fayette county hot ed of the captive coal mine strike i Pennsylvania as hopes lor sel ement of the walkout without overnment action reached the amshing point It was a regular work day in Pennsylvania which observes hanksgiving next week but a oliday in other captive mine tates The strike called by he United Mine Workers to enforce a demand for a union shop was still rapidly spreading to com mercial coal pils wilh upwards of 30000 commercial miners idle in sympathy with the cap tive employes In Pennsylvania it was conceded a complete closedown of all mines was likely by the weekend JAPANS ENVOYS MEET WITH HULL Holiday Conference Is Held Speculation on Significance Heard WASHINGTON UR Japans wo envoys went to the state de partment shortly after noon Thurs day for an unusual holiday con ference with Secretary of State Cordell Hull on the tense Pacific situation Hull was present at his office o meet them having remained on he job throughout the morning to give prompt audience to the envoys Saburo Kurusu and Ad Tiiral Kichisaburo Nomura should iiey desire a conference He met with the two ranking Japanese emissaries Wednesday night in an uptown hotel con linuing the conversations begun Monday in an informal manner Prior to Thursdays meeting the last formal conversation was held Tuesday After that session Kurusu and Nomura delayed further talks pending transmission of their im pressions to Tokio and receipt of instructions Presumably that detail had been attended io and the noon lime conference on the American iioliday caused speculation in dip lomatic quarters that a significant stage WHS about to be reached in the important negotiations Lending weight to such a surmise was the report in Tokio earlier in the day of Major Gen K Sato chief of the war office military affairs bureau to the parliamen tary committee that Japan stands at the cross roads of rise or fall He told the committee that a fighting spirit among the Japanese people is necessarry because war would mean fire and destruction of Japans wooden cities Defense Savings Stamps for sale at GlobeGazette Business office Japan Views War Prospect With Concern TOKIO fic would mean that enemy planes would bomb Japanese cities and set vastareas of wooden houses aflame Maj Gen K Sato chief of the war office military affairs bureau told a parliamentary com mittee Thursday inappealing fot a fightingspirit among the Ja panese people Other indications of the seri ousness with which Japan views the situation were a summons by Emperor Hirohito of Foreign Min ister Shigenori Togo and an ap pearance by Premier Gen Hideki Tojo before a house of peers com mittee to say that Japan is con fronted by an unprecedented crisis Tojo said that the nation lit erally stands at the crossroads of rise or fall The emperor summoned Togo to the imperial palace presumably to hear latest reports on the Washington negotiations bein conducted by special envoy Sa buro Kurusu and Ambassador Ad miral Kichisaburo Nomura Sato told a lower house com mittee that the next war for Ja pan in event it occurs woulc mean hostilities involving a Ja panese effort to break out of al leged encirclement by Britain the United States China and the Netherlands East Indies Enemy planes he said undoubtedly would bomb Japanese wooden in an effort to break mnr ale and it was urgently neces sary he said to promote a fight ing spirit among the people IOWANS CELEBRATE WASHINGTON i the nations capital laid aside their official duties Tuesday night fo an evening of fun at the Iowa so cietys Thanksgiving ball Repre sentative John Gwynnc Water loo republican is president of thi organization F R Observes Last Early Thanksgiving With Work President and Most of Cabinet Spend Part of Day at Desks WASHINGTON Roosevelt joined citizens of two thirds of the states Thursday in observing the third and last early Thanksgiving but international and domestic complications kept him and most of his cabinet at their desks part of the day Sixteen states including fowa ware foregoing their holiday tur key until the regtilar time a week from Thursday The entire coun try will revert to the last Thurs day in the month after this year the president having decided the wider spread between Thanksgiv ing and Christmas meant little or no increase in business for retail merchants who had proposed the cxoeriment The chief executive remained on the job to watch the coal Flrike developments It was Ibc first Thanksgiving he had spent in Washington since 1937 If thi strike situation permits he wil go to the Warm Springs Ga in fanttle paralysis foundation nex Thursday to observe a sccon Thanksgiving Leaving his entire day free fo duties of state the president re served the hour beginning at p m for a fullcourse roast tur key dinner with all the fixings Mrs Roosevelt and Cap and Mrs James Roosevelt wer to dine with him One of five gift turkeys will b the piece de resistance The othe four birds were to be put in coL storage for future use In his Thanksgiving proclama lion Mr Roosevelt called on th nations citizens to pray for speedy end to strife and the es lablishmcnt on earth of freedom brotherhood and justice for during time1 Most government offices closed for the holiday One miner shot in the houlder and taken to a Browns Pa hospital and two others rere hit in the lace and leg as lickets and nonstriking miners lashed near the Edcnborn min if theH C Frick company in county Two hours after the men were vounded the automobile ofMine upenntendentilaraes Maherwas punctured by B ped injury Kariier in the week two men vere shot and wounded at a mine near Gary W Va Chances far a settlement of the fourdsyod strike seemed to end late Wednesday when John L Leuis refused to budge from his nocompromise posi tion in the face of a fresh effort by President Roosevelt to end the stoppage In flatly rejecting the new jeace formula the chief of CIOs United Mine Workers said that he spoke solely for himself and that 10 formal reply was possible until the unions policy committee neels Saturday However no one n labor or government circles doubled hat the committee would uphold his verdict When the committee officially confirms Lewis refusal informed sources believe it will make fed iral intervention virtually inevi there was still ome difference of opinion what orm this intervention would take Some authoritative sources seemed convinced that the president would have the army take over the mines with the 50000 roops which have been mobilized and instructed for such special duty Others how ever would not rule out the pos sibility that the chief exccutixe vould first seek a legislative ansHer to the problem On Capitol Hill the disposition was to go ahead speedily with legislation to curb defense strikes regardless of the outcome of the captive coal controversy Senator Connally DTexas told reporters that congress ought to legislate in a broad form to cover all cases While I hope that this strike will be settled he said weve got tn go ahead lo cover all cases of the future Curing one case of colic does not insure the health of the community for all time Senator Bridges R M H sgrcrd with his reasoning Some definite formula of curhins defense strikes must be written into legislation Bridges asserted The president should take the leadership in recom mending such action and if he fails to do that congress ought fo act anyhow if There was almost universal ap proval in congress for the formula which Mr Roosevelt advanced Wednesday to get the idle mines back in production The president recommended thar further discussion of the one point at closed shop in his deferred until the national emergency is over or that this question be submitted to ar bitration with the union and the mine operators agreeing in ad vance to abide by the result Lewis the field marshal of CJMWs fight to win a union shop replied that officers of the tininn had no authority from the mem bership to agree to anything save a union system under which all miners would have to join thi union alter a probation ary employment period CIO Indorses Mediation to Solve Trouble DETROIT declaration that in this grave crisis mediation and peaceful solution of our in dustrial disputes is ol the utmost importance was approved Thurs day by the annual convention of the Congress of Industrial Organi zations Delegates who closely follow developments in the captive coal mines strike as well as the pro ceedings of their conclave adopted a resolution which asserted the CIO and its affiliated unions were firmly resolved to do all in their power to cooperate with indus try and government toward the Rorl of maximum defense produc tion It added The CIO will utilize to the ut most degree the mediation facili ties of the government in the ef fort that no stone will be left un turned to achieve successful prose cution of our national defense program appreciates more than any other group that in this grave crisis mediation and peaceful solu tion of our industrial disputes is 01 the utmost importance Speaking in support of the resolution Jacob Potofsky acting president the Amalgamated Clothing Workers union slated that these days call for more than ordinary restraint in labor re lations We must keep the wheels of industry turning while we seek our just demands he said The government must provide labor with satisfactory mediation ma chinery Earlier the CIO served notice U13LiUwouW fighl againsl any legislation would deprive workers of the right to strike IOWA MERCURY TO TAKE DROP Snow Flurries Are Expected in North Portion of State DES MOINES tures will drop in Iowa Thursday night and light snow flurries arc expected in the extreme north portion the weather bureau fore cast Thursday Shippers were advised to pre pare for temperatures as low as 20 degrees in the northwest are Thursday night A hard was forecast with the cold con tinuing Friday Highest temperature Wednes day was 67 degrees at Davenport Low for the night was 28 at For Dodge Mt Ayr and Mason Cit A small tornado cut a narrow swath across Washington Iowa Wednesday damaging telephone lines breaking windows and tip rooting trees A tree fell ant crushed two filling station pump and a car belonging to Capt Wal ter Conner of the 113th cavalry Camp Bowie Tex Neither Connei uor Mrs Conner was injured Showers fell in the central and east portions Heaviest amour was 50 of an inch at Davenport Prices Are Raised by Des Moines Barbers DES MOINES price of haircuts in Des Moines will rise Monday from 50 to GO cents fo adults and from 4f lo 50 cents fo children under 12 Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Partly clourij Thursday night and Friday pos sibly snow flurries Thursday night somewhat colder will lowtemperature about 27 to 2 in suburban areas IOWA Fair Thursday through Friday pxcept possibly very light snow flurries extreme north portion Thursday night somewhat colder Thursda night with hard freeze contin ued cold Friday MINNESOTA Cloudy with snow flumes Thursday Thursday night and in northeast portion Friday partly cloudy to fai south and west portions Friday somewhat colder Thursday night with hard freeze IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 46 Minimum Wednesday night 28 At 8 a m Thursday 30 YEAR AGO Maximum 44 Minimum 31 Precipitation trace U S SUSPENDS FRENCH AFRICA ECONOMIC HELP State Department Says Vichy Acquiesced to Nazis to Oust Weygand WASHINGTON state epartment declared Thursday lat the Vichy government has cquiesced to the express demand f Hitler to remove General laxime Weygand as proconsul f French Norlh Africa and thai s a result the United States is uspending all economic assistance o that area Furthermore the stale depart icnt said in a formal statement ssued on the Thanksgiving holi ay the abdication of the Vichy egime to German pressure en irely outside the provisions nf he armistir j has caused this pvciiiniont to reexamine the en ire French situation Presum bly that includes the matter ol iippjying American food to the Yench civilian population and to rcnch prisoners of war within Germany The department asserted that t remains to he seen tiie extent if Adolf Hitlers designs on the Drench empire The departments statement ivas the first official revelation that Weygand the 71 year old general upon whom Marshal Henri Philippe retain leaned heavily for support had been ousted He had flown to Vichy earlier in the week and only Thursday was reported enroule to the French Rivicria for a rest As proconsulWeygarfd has ex ercised a tight control over the sizable but rather poorly equippec French African army and has in sisted on a degree of nonpar isanship in the war apparently distasteful io the German con querors of metropolitan France Within the realm of his power was the strategic naval base at Dakar in Senegal on the west Afri can coast That base is regardcd by American strategists as a lumping off place for any axis hrust against the western hemis phere and is a handy base for sub marine and air operations againsl Americas south Atlantic defense routes That accounts for this countrys quick reaction lo the apparent change in the status ol the French African empire The statement said The French government 1 acquiesced to the express demanc of Hitler to remove General Wey gand from his present post as delegate general of French North Africa thus permitting a German control over French authority en Major Test to Be Soon Churchill LONDON Minister hutchill declared Thursday that Sritains longawaited big push icross Norlh Africa sprung out of lie Egyptian dawn two days ago ilready had won positions of marked advantage and that the 7iajor test cannot be long de ayed Weighing his words with cau ious optimism thc prime minis Ler told the house of commons It is far too soon to indulge in any speculation all now de pends on the battle which follows It is evident that the nexl few days will see developments which will include many highly interesting features He said Britain had waited planned and massed her strength for live months before unleashing the assault This he declared is the first time we have met the Getmans at least equally well armed He said flatly that the purpose of the campaign was to destroy the German and Italian armies in Libya in a hugescale battle of mechanization He told the cheering house of commons that the British this time caught their foes by surprise and added that just as in a sea battle the desert campaign may be settled one way or another in the course of a few hours lirely outside the provisions of the armistice As a result of these reports American policy toward France is being reviewed and all plans for economic assistance to French North Africa are suspended It would remain to be seen to what further extent Hitler will at tempt to take over by force or threat of force the sovereignty and control of the French empire French Ambassador Gaston HenryHaye who has devoted his lime seeking lo create faith in the Pelain government anil to obtain relief from the United States declined lo comment on the statement His lone indicated disappointment He has dared official reprimand on many oc casions because of his state ments to newspapermen on Frances need for relief As on several other occasions when he has almost completed an agreement with the United States lor food shipments lo France new signs of collaboration have upset them Just now he had hoped lo ob tain food for the 1350000 French war prisoners in Germany reported to be in dire circum stances He had arranged for the shipment of milk and medicines for the undernourished children of France These along xvith the North African economic arrangement were expected to collapse now Other French sources said the ouster of Weygand surprised them Soviet Icebreaker in U S The Russian naval icebreaker Krasin second largest icebreaker in the world is pictured above at dock in Seat tle after completing a 10000mile voyage from the White sea through the icecovered waters north of Siberia The ship came lo the United States for overhauling MAKE SUDDENATTACK ON AXIS FORCES Secretly Launched Offensive Catches Defenders Surprised By THE ASSOCIATED TRESS Britains desert armies 750000 strong were reported driving deeply into Libya Thursday after advancing more than 50 miles on 140mile front in a vast and secretly launched offensive aimed at knocking the axis out of north Africa British dispatches said the at tack which started at dawn on Tuesday set German and Italian troops back on their heels in shocked surprise An authoritative L o n tl o n source envisioning a lightning campaign said Hie climactic battle might come within a few hours Conditions in the desert are in many respects like those of sea war he said I dont know whether the trial of strength has yet taken place between heavy armored forces but it cannot be long delayed The encounter when it is achieved is like a clash of fleets and flotillas and as in a sea bat tle all may be settled one way or another in the course of a few hours Equipped with Americanmade tanks planes guns bombs and bullets the British striking force was described as the greatest ever assembled in north different from the token army with which Gen Sir Archibald P Wave swept across most of Lib ya in 35 days last winter only to be driven out again last spring The new offensive is commanded on land by LietitGen Sir Alan Gordon Cunningham the man who crushed the Italian East African empire and on sea by his brother Admiral Sir Andrew Browne Cun ningham A bulletin from Adolf Hitlers headquarters deprecating the surprise element in the attack asserted that German and Italian counterattacks had thrown back strong British forces with heavy losses west of Sidi Omar desert oasis town In Rome Premier Mussolinis high command said British mo torized and armored forces opened the attack against Italian troops on a 90mile front in the Mar marica desert in eastern Libya and that fascist counterattacks destroyed a part of the enemy tanks by the end of the day while the others withdrew Both German and Italian spokes men scoffed at the offensive as Britains reply to the appeal by Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin for a spcond front The Russians wanted a second European continental front and from that point nf view all the enemys propaganda and noise cannot hide the fact that such n front has not been created a ascist spokesman said Apparently loo the Libyan offensive precluded any immedi alp prospects of British troops helpingthe Russians in the Cau casus although a force of some size remains still in Iran Per Syria and Iran British military dispatches said the initial onrush met little oppo sition that Italian forces were falling back and that squadrons of United Statesbuilt tanks raced across the sands to lead the npen ine thrusts against Sidi Omar miles south nf the Mediterranean shove and Fort Maddclcnp 50 miles from the coast Axis reports said lie British were seeking a reunion with im perial forces at Tobruk 00 miles west of the Egyptian border which have been under siege since last April II apparently aimed in achieve these three objectives with the offensive stretched out on a 140mile front from the sea to the oasis of Giarabub 1 Eliminate the axis front North Africa 2 Create a diversion lo aid Russia 3 Eventually knock Ilaly out of the war A special message from Prime Minister Churchill was read lo the army navy and air force just be fore the axis outposts were at tacked RUSSIANS RESIST NEW ASSAULT AGAINST MOSCOW The Russians meanwhile were reported resisting a nesv German offensive against Moscow with es pecially heavy fighting under way at Volokolamsk 65 miles west and slightly north ofMoscow al Kalinin 95 miles northwest of the A ;