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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 19, 1962, Mason City, Iowa V North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for the MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE HOME EDITION VOL in The tod United laterutioiuJ Putt newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY NOVEMBER UOc Piper of Four OM No M2 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W CARL HALL GlobeGazette Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KQLO Some clues to modern day France K BACKWARD LOOK AT Frances history might pro vide some slight insight into what goes on these days in the political life of her people Lets start with the Revolution of 1789 and come down to that amazing character named Charles de Gaulle Its a story of political instability in a mercurial breed of people Quite generally forgotten is the fact that the French Revo lution which followed on our own was conservative in origin It wasnt until its later stages that it came under control of the radical leaders Danton and Robespierre The national convention which sentenced Louis XVI to death came three and a half years after the fall of the Bastille Jan 16 1793 was the date Even then a shift of 26 votes out of the 721 cast would have spared the monarchs life The unresolved conflict be tween supporters and opponents of the revolution has colored the countrys subsequent his tory Even today a substantial segment of the or ganized identifiable and active w o u ld like to see the monarchy reestablished in France 1719 the French have lived under five republics three kings and two emperprs The division between those who feel the revolution went too far and those who feel it didnt go far enough has never been closed only narrowed The irresponsible behavior of the Second contrast to the conquerors that preceded the downfall of Napoleon de veloped in the French people a lasting suspicion of autocratic rule That unhappy period of French history was called up by opponents of De Gaulle in the recent election which made the office of president elective Louis Napoleon nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte was elected President of the Second Republic in 1848 On taking of fice he pledged to remain faithful to the democratic re public and to regard as enemies of the nation all those who may attempt by illegal means to change the form of the established government These were iust so many words In a coup detat three years later Louis Na poleon dissolved the Assembly arrested party leaders and won overwhelming popular approval of his course in a national plebiscite In December 1852 he set up the Second Empire and proclaimed himself Em peror Napoleon III The1 FrancoPrussian war of 187071 was the Emperors un doing Forced to surrender at Sedan with 80000 French troops he was held prisoner until the end of the war The newly elected National Assem bly meeting at Bordeaux March 1 1871 formally de posed Napoleon III and de clared him responsible for the ruin invasion and dismember ment of France The new Assembly with a strongly conservative majority put off the task of writing a new constitution for four years Meantime anti republican forces searched for a suitable candidate for the throne Mon archists however were split There were Bourbons Orlean ists and Bonapartists Influenced by this monarch ist sentiment the constitution of 1875 avoided all mention of republic except in providing for election of the President of the Republic and that provision was adopted by a ma jority of only one vote Not until 1884 did a constitutional amendment give more definite recognition to the republic idea By reducing the President to a figurehead under a parli amentary form of government and by installing a strongly conservative Senate framers Tvrn 2 GEM FROM THE DEEP Simeon Le pasana a Filipino importerexporter holds a giant pearl still attached to the center of its shell at his place of busi ness in Manila The pearl found recent Pfcotcfax ly by a diver in the Sula Archipelago is about inches long and 2iX inches thick The owner believes it is the larg est pearl ever found in Philippine wa ters He says it is worth about Nikita tells homefolks Lite could be better MOSCOW Nikita Khrushchev said Monday that Russians have never had it so good but things could be better Khrushchev announced sweep ing administrative reorganiza ion of the Communist partys structure to tighten control of industry and agriculture He re ported tlie sevenyearplan of L959 to 1963 is being overful filled and painted a generally lowing picture of the economy Khrushchev said there could x improvements and he an nounced changes designed to step up production without cur tailing key military and space programs But he also said fresh efforts will be made to put more food and other consumer goods in the shops Addressing a special meeting of the Communist party Central Committee he asserted that both segments of the industry which supplies the ar mament industry and consumer goods production must be stepped up through more effective work by local Communist party officials The premier called for radical measures to shake up the par tys organization and work pat terns He said modern times de mand this Old organizational forms he declared are to a degree be coming a drag on the partys guidance of production The meeting of the powerful 175member Central Committee was called for the specific task of putting more life into the econ omy much of which has hindered and stifled by excessive bureaucracy but even more by lack of investment capital Khrushchev also told the com mittee the Soviet Union should take a thoughtful look at what makes profits for the capitalists in the West There was a mean in the period of the personality cult a phrase meaning the Stalin the idea was sedu lously fostered that everything that is ours is unreservedly ideal and everything that is foreignis equally bad Khrush chev said We should remember Lenins injunction to be able if neces sary to learn from the capital ists to imitate the good and the profitable they have N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES To rule on agency shop WASHINGTON The supreme court agreed to rule on two lower court decisions banning agency shop union agreements which require workers to contribute to collective bargaining cost but do not compel them to join the union Negros case heard ANDERSON S C The school segregation barriers of South Carolina the only state which has not admitted a Negro to a taxsupported white insti of learning were assailed in U S District Court Lawyers for Harvey G Gantt 19 a Charles ton Negro attending Iowa State University asked that he be admitted to Clemson College an allwhite school since it was founded 73 years ago v New Bulgarian premier VIENNA The Bulgarian National Assembly unanimously elected Communist party leader Todor Zhivkov as premier of Bulgaria Former Premier Aiuon Yugov and Deputy Premier Georgi Tsankov had been relieved of their duties 144 lost at sea NEW YORK A casualty roll of world sea dis asters edged upward with 144 persons listed as dead or missing in a series of mishaps that started last week Trouble in the Atlantic and the Pacific the North Sea and the Mediterranean ran shipping losses into the millions Wont liberal church viewpoint VATICAN CITY Liberal churchmen urged the ecumenical council io expound Roman Catholic doctrine m chanty clarity simplicity and gentle ness taking care not to offend other churches A verbal communique said the 22nd floor session heard continued criticism of a draft on the sources of rev c lilt North Iowa Mostly cloudy with occasional light snow Monday night lows near 30 Partly cloudy arid warmer Tuesday highs near 40 FiveDay Iowa Temperatures will average near normal Tuesday through Saturday Normal highs are from the lower 40s north to the upper 40s south Normal lows are from the mid 20s north to the upper 20s south Tempera tures will be below normal at the beginning of the period warming Wednesday and Thursday then cooler Prc cipitation will average about 25 of an inch in light snow at the beginning of the period Minnesota warmer 40s Partly cloudy Highs Tuesday in GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Monday Maximum 32 Minimum 27 GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Sunday Maximum 34 Minimum 27 SAME DATE1M1M9 Biggest victory for Red Chinese Russian reply is awaited Wants jets removed WASHINGTON AP The United States has told ihe Soviet Union that it hopes to have a sat isfactory answer about withdraw al of bombers from Cuba Monday or Tuesday State Department au thorities said This word was given by US negotiator John J McCloy to So viet representative Vasily V Kuz netsov in New York As of yet the authorities added he United States has not re ceived a satisfactory answer from he Soviets on removal of the aombers President Kennedy says he jet craft must be pulled out as part of a Cuba settlement A White House spokesman said a report from McCloy head of the US coordinating committee on Cuban policy on his talks with Kuznetsov figured in a hours meeting Kennedy had Monday with the executive committee of the National Security Council The White House released no word on the nature of the report But State Department infor mants reported that McCloy told Kuznetsov forcefully that the ne gotiations on a Cuba settlement could not make progress until the bombers are pulled out Kuznetsov gave what US authorities de scribed as a confused evasive and unsatisfactory answer Thus the negotiations remained deadlocked And informants said there is no indication as yet that the So viets are crating up the craft for shipment Approximately 30 are relieved to be in Cuba State Department press officer Lincoln White declined to make a public statement on the outcome of the KuznetsovMcCloy meeting State Department authorities said however that it would cer tainly be helpful from their stand point if the Soviets would supply a cleardut answer on the bombers by the time of Kennedys news conference scheduled for 6 pm Tuesday Kennedys news be broadcast and telecast by all major radio and television net expected to be in effect a report to the nation on Cu aan situation Obvjously what the Soviets may say on the bombers issue before then will affect the nature of the Presidents report US officials have said the time is growing near when the United States might have to take more forceful action to get the bombers out Tightening of the US blockade of Cuba might be a first step 7 DIE IN FIRE FT ERIE Ont bert Walpole 38 and his six children died Monday when fire swept their home CHINESE RED ADVANCES Red ChinaIndia frontier map locates Chinese offensives as they out flanked Indian troops at Se Pass Another Red spearhead advanced beyond Walong some 300 miles east of Se Pass in t h e North East Frontier Agency battleground In Ladakh the northwest end of the disputed border the Chinese captured an out post guarding the vital Indian airfield at Chushul Adenauer loses coalition party BONN UPI The five free Democratic Party FDP members of Chancellor Konrad Adenauers coalition cabinet re signedMonday threatening the government with collapse Thev party announced it was quitting Adenauers govern ment because the chancellor had refused to meet its demands to fire Defense Minister Franz Josef Strauss A short time later the party announced the resignation of the ministers A spokesman for Adenauers Christian Democratic Party Axvjnuviaut iany CPU said the chancellor will meet Tuesday with party leaders discuss the best course of ac N Iowa escapes light snow cover Light snow moved eastward across Iowa Monday The snow was expected to diminish flurries by nightfall to received one apparently the Council Bluffs inch of snow most reported Little or no snow was reported in North Iowa however A slight warming trend was expected under partly cloudy skies Tuesday with highs in the 40s Give your fair share THE COMMUNITY CHES tion Adenauer now has eight seats too few for a majority in par liament The CDU and FDP to gether had 309 seats of which the FDP supplied 67 Without the FDP Adenauer can muster only 242 seats eight less than the 250 seats he needs for a ma jority Leading CDU politicians said Adenauer will probably try to run a minority government and itick to his refusal to fire Strauss Such a move would be highly risky for Adenauer His impor tant legislation would be blocked and observers said it might re sult in his own downfall The free Democrats have been demanding that Strauss be fired for his role in the arrest of edi tors of the news magazine Der Spiegel Defense Minister Strauss is a key and mous Bavarian affiliate the Christian Social Union Indians give up Bomdila New threat on frontier NEW DELHI India nese Communists have cut off In dian troops retreating from their iverrun defense positions on the Se Pass and fighting is now going on 32 air miles to the southeast n the outskirt of Bomdila a De ense Ministry spokesman an nounced The Indian army had planned o place its next defense line be hind Se Pass at Bomdila but the urprise Chinese sweep around he northeast end of the defenses brought the attackers to Bomdilla The Chinese went on to capture Bomdila on Monday It was de scribed as the biggest victory of he fastmoving invasion Bomdila was the site of a U S bomber base in World War II and its airfield had been used in recent weeks as the terminus of a supply airlift flying in US arms and equipment for Indian forces Indian troops from Se Pass caught between two Chinese forces are now trying to fight their way back to a link with the Indians around Bomdila Prime Minister Nehru had an nounced earlier the fall of the vi tal Himalayan Se Pass to a prong of a massive Red Chinese offen sive probing toward the densely populated plains of Assam The Chinese outflanked Indian troops on 13756foothigh Se Pass forcing them to withdraw Nehru told Parliament The loss of the pass came as ihe Chinese Communists attack ng in waves pressed their re newed offensive at both ends of he 1500milc frontier stretching from Burma to Kashmir At the eastern end of the battle ine the Chinese posed a separate threat to the Assam plains in an advance of 12 miles from the key defense post of Walong which they captured Friday Walong lies some 300 miles east of Se Pass In Ladakh at the northwest end of the disputed border the Chi nese have taken an outpost guard ing a vital Indian airfield at Chushul and fighting is continuing in the area Nehru said igure in Adenauers party is chairman of its autono On f he inside Editorials Page 4 Society News 547 News Quiz 9 Comics 14 North News l Clear Lake News 70 Latest Markets 26 Mason City News 2627 His announcement of the new reverses came after a speech Sunday night in which he said the Chinese offensive is threatening Indian independence He said oth er countries are now beginning to realize that this is not a border dispute but naked crude and shameless aggression A Peking broadcast quoted Chi iese Communist Premier Chou Enlai as saying US arms aid o India will enlarge the conflict to the detriment of the Chinese and Indian people and of the Afro Asian peoples About million worth of badly needed infantry weapons have been flown to India by the United States Meredith leaving Negro faces uncertain future By DON MCLEOD MEMPHIS Tenn liv ing symbol of the desegregation fight may stand on the verge of leaving the school he fought to get in James H Meredith 2U the Ne gro who penetrated the color bar rier at the University of Missis sippi says himself the pressures of his position have become close to intolerable And reports arc rampant that he may be Hanking out At his regular weekend refuge in Memphis where he tight lipped Meredith has shown more candor than elsewhere he says he intends to finish the job But events and Merediths own words indicate the Air Force veteran faces a personal crisis that has come closer to removing him from the school than the mobs that riofed at his arrival Last week was the worst Ive had at school Meredith said a week ago in a news conference here Meredith obviously expected vi olent opposition but not Ihe con tinued pressure of resistance and publicity For the first few weeks students shouted deprecations as he walked about the campus Fire crackers were shot off outside his dormitory Angry crowds gath ered A rock was thrown through a cafeteria window as he ate A bottle crashed through his car window What bothers him more Mere dith says is the constant lime light the constant surveillance by newsmen marshals and soldiers Meredith says he spends many hours each day meeting these other responsibilities connected with his stay at college This of course takes up time and it detracts and takes atten ion away from my studies he said Another source of tension is constant presence of his protec tors Neither Meredith nor marshals will comment on reports of friction between them but Mer edith has said he wants the guard removed ;