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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 19, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF JU STORY AND JA VOL L RUSSIANS PUSH ONTUWARDOLD POLISH BORDER CounterAttacks on Lower Hank Brought to Standstill by Reds BULLETIN txmdon Nikolai Ya tutins slashing 1st Ukrainian army extended its siray 25 miles farther up on the OdessaLeningrad rail way in a single day by blasting the Germans from Ovruch north of Korosten the Moscow radio an nounced Friday By HENRY C CASSIDY Moscow IP Russian armies pushed forward toward old Po land Friday from their newly cap tured bases of Koroslen and Rechitsa and brought German counter attacks to a standstill on the lower flank of the great Kiev bulge in the western Ukraine Capture of Gomel White Rus sian rail center 25 miles east of Rechitsa appeared near The army newspaper Kcd Star said German forces which attacked 3 times in the Korostishev sector 20 miles east of Russianheld Zhitomir with superior numbers of troops and tanks had retreated under a hail of Russian artillery shells Counter attacks in the Zhitomir sector also were repulsed These were the areas where the Red army drew back Wednesday in its mounting its beyond Bel The German communique said Russian attacks were on a re duced scale in the Dnieper bend and that German counter thrusts broke stiff resistance in the Kiev area turning the Red army out of a number of localities The Ger mans said bitter fighting con tinued in the Korosten and Rechitsa areas and their Paris radio asserted that the Kiev Zhitomir railway had been cut by the nazis Red Star said the possession of Korosten and Zhitomir gave the Russians a deep in the German lines with full rail fa cilitiesfor raoTinr reserves and supplies At Korosten Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Five Cents a Copy 1st retreat since summer offensive govod the Russians were within 40 miles of the old Polish frontier and 190 miles from the 1941 border It was just a year ago Friday that Ihc red army launched its counteroffensive from Stalin grad In that year Ihe Russians had advanced 720 miles from Stalingrad to Korosten more than half the distance to Berlin The new winter campaign be gan with indications that the tac tical situation is favorable for striking new Russian successes The capture of Korosten and Rcchista brought the names of 2 of the best known red army gen erals back into the news Tank Commander I v a n Danilovilch Chermakhovsky the red armys youngest lieutenant general at 36 took Korosten He started west from Stalingrad a year ago and captured Kursk and Kiev on the way Army Gen Konstantin Kou stantinovich Rokossovsky com mander of the newly designated Mhile Russian front took Rech itsa He crushed the German 6th army which was encircled at Stalingrad Rokossovsky already has pushed 25 miles west of Rechitsa through Vasilevichl rentbins the edge of Ihe Pripcf marshes and stiffening the wedge between German forces in White Russia and the western Ukraine The red army offensive which started slowly through stiff Ger man defenses in this sector gath ered momentum as the main ene my linescrumbled The newspaper Izvestia reported that the drive whicli gained 2V miles on the 1st day was now pro gressing 3 times miles a day as fast at TV The Germans put 2 fresh divi sions into the battle the dis patch said but the enemy ranks were disorganized by an unusual red army maneuver Jugoslav Partisans Retreat Before Major Offensive by Nazis London ttlPl Jugoslav partisans battling a major German offen sive to regain control of the Dal matian invasion coast have bten forced to give up Trogir north of Split and several nearby islands Jugoslav liberation army com munique said Friday The united nations radio at Algiers in a Bari dispatch said heavy fighting was in progress at Split The communique reported the Germans were rushing reinforce ments to the Fiume area to Jler their drive which already in volved 6 motorized divisions on a 300 mile front an earlier report that However Pcljesac Nazis Hush Petain Decrees Marshal Switches Views MASON CITY IQWA FRIDAY NOVEMBER 19 1943 HOME EDITION mnr By THOMAS F HAWKINS Bern Marshal Henri Philippe Petain has drafted a new French constitution along democratic lines which the nazis have prevented him from promulgating and has renounced Pierre Laval as his sue cessor in a decree also up it was disclosed Friday The 87 year old chief of states abrupt turn from German dom ination which he had previ ously declared France honor bound to fol low because the 1940 peace treaty was vealed in publication a speech re the of he per de was never mitted to liver Petain h a d named Nazi C o 1 1 a b o r a tionist Laval as his successor on PETAIN Nov 17 1942 and gave him power to make laws and issue decrees after German troops crossed the armistice demarkation line into Vichy French territory In the unpublished decree di recting France back to the demo cratic constitution of 1875 Mar shal Petain stated his intention of retaining powers as chief of state until his death unless the new constitution he drafted is ratified it is known privately that the constitution intended to restore a democratic regime with hoped for improvements over the 1875 legis lation By its ponderous wording the old constitution made possible its critics contended turnover after turnover of French cabinets and thereby contributed to French inefficiency and unpreparedness for the war which came in 1939 The 1875 constitution estab lished the 3rd republic with a parliamentary and democratic form of government which en dured until the collapse of France in 1940 when Petain up an authoritarian regime The refusal to broadcast Pe tains speech over the Vichy radio and the failure of his decree to appear in the official Gazette has created a crisis The marshal according to a re liable informant in which this writer has confidence has sent his resignation to the cabinet Laval and his advisors contin ued Friday their efforts to chance his mind and although the result cannot foreseen Petain at least thrown down the challenge The text of the address he had prepared for delivery was pub lished in the Swiss Journal De Geneve Friday FrenchSpanish border reports reaching Madrid said the nazis were making frantic preparations to take over if the Vichy govern ment collapses The aged marshal has ada mantly refused to tell the French people that he has asked Ger man police and the military to keep order in the nation thereby denying the nazis an excuse for rushing troops to Vichy these re ports said The journal said that authori zation for broadcast of the speech had been refused by the fuehrers general headquarters The newspaper said that Pe tains speech promulgated a con stitution as authorized by the July 1940 assembly the last democrat icallyelected country had representatives trie Chinese Troops Push Forward in Drive in North Burma Sector NAZIS CLAIM 3 MORE ISLES IN AEGEAN TAKEN Reported Pressing Air Attacks on Samos Last Still Held by Allies London occupation of 3 more small islands in the Aeae anIkaria Lipsos and was claimed by the Germans Fri day as a sequel to the loss by the British of Leros in the stepping stone battle of the eastern Medi terranean Tlie Berlin communique said Ikaria a small Greek island west of Samos and north of the Italian Dodecanese group was garrisoned by Italians and that light German naval forces took 240 prisoners and seized a quantity of arms An undisclosed number of pris oners also were seized in Lipsos and Patmos small rocky isle north of Ieros in the Dodecanese The broadcast said these also were garrisoned by Italians Allied announcements never previously had claimed the occu pation of these islands Meanwhile the Germans were reported pressing fresh aerial at tacks on Samos only island in the Aegean which the allies are officially reported to be holding Castelrosso easternmost of the Dodecanese is believed still in the hands of tile British however The German radio Friday said the British Leros garrison had withdrawn to Samos although previous German official an nouncements declared 3000 Brit ish and 5000 Italian troops had been captured on Leros The Brit ish have announced simply that resistance on Samos had ceased Ikaria 25 miles long and 6 miles wide is 1 the largest islands in the area butjt lacks strategic im portance Patmos isabout 10 miles long and Lipsos is less than 2 miles long SOFIA WILL BE EVACUATED Peace Demonstrations in Bulgaria Reported By THE ASSOIATED PRESS Fresh peace demonstrations were reported Friday in the Bal kans particularly in Bulgaria Berlin said Sofia would be evac uated following bombing the American Hungarian troops stood again at the Rumanian border as the old boundary quarrel between Hitlers puppets flared The Turkish am bassador to Berlin returned to An kara to consult as that guardian nation of the Dardanelles moved cautiously closer to the allied cainp Marshal Petain was re ported ready to resign unless he could summon a democratic parliament in France Pressure of the allies in Italy and Jugoslav partisans in the Bal I kans was reported to have forced i New Delhi UP Hitler to dispose SO divisions in trained Chinese troops driving 201 those regions 10 against the to 30 miles across North Burma j AmericanBritish line in central ahead of a new supply road to i Italy This Paper Consists of One NO 3S BLAST BERLIN Cutbacks in War Output Are Revealed Washington The armys disclosure that it has more money than it needs touched olf Friday a series of developments anil comments that gave an entirely new complexion to the nations war production effort to date and whats needed in the future Oul of the announcement thai the war department is Unniive back 513000000000 lo the bureau came 3 significant turns 1 The army was pictured as considering the mighty production effort at its expansion peak Some drastic cutbacks notably in small arms ammunition already have been made because enough mate rial is on hand or because battle experience has dictated shiits The armys manpower needs nave been revised downward by more than a half million men and so opponents of the father draft ill congress promptly seized upon this as another argument for their point It was disclosed liminary steps already that pre are under consideration for government and industry to work out tentative plans to reconvert war factories to peacetime production Some of ficials said this would have beep clone before but there was a fear of giving the impression the war was won and thus engendering a letdown Announcement of the giant re fund was made by Chairman Sny der DPa of an appropriations subcommittee that handles army finances It immediately brought demands on capitol hill for lower taxes closer expenditures father draft While the scrutiny of and a stop federal to the Pennsylvania ob served that the welcome news to all of us who are disturbed over the mounting public debt has no immediate bearing upon the need to raise additional revenue Sen ator Downey DCal declared at increased taxation might be partially avoided by army curtailment Chairman May DKv of the house military committee con strued the Snyder disclosure as additional evidence that there nu longer is a need for drafting pre war fathers The original army appropria tion for this year was based on estimates of total manpower of 8200000 May said in an inter view The admission that a re duction in funds is now In order because of downward revisions in manpower needs indicates to me thai we dont need prePearl Harbor fathers Jtaysaid he intended to call be fore his committee probably next week Major Lewis B Hcrshey selective service director to de tail plans for administering new fatherdeferment legislation passed Thursday by the house and slated Monday prewar for senate action next The legislation puts fathers at the bottom of the draft list and permits their induction only after the nationwide pool of available nonfathers has been exhausted Describing Snyders statement China have pushed the Japanese from the upper Hukmvng valley with the aid of 10th U S airforce planes a communique disclosed Friday The from New Delhi headquarters on pro gress of the the Chi nese had seized the north banks of the Tarung and Chindwin rivers and were making continual pro gress The communique also disclosed that the objective of the drive was to clear the path for the new road being built by American engineers from Assam in India to connect with the old BurmaRoad prob ably across the Chinese border Boy 16 on Way to Hospital to Donate Blood Hurt Fatally Council Bluffs McNeal 16 Council Bluffs died at a hospital Friday of chest in juries suffered in an unusual au tomobile accident north of here Wednesday McNeal with 3 other youths was en route to a hospital to do nate blood to be used in a trans fusion for his sister The car be came mired in the mud McNeal after helping push the car out of the mud jumped on a fender The car skidded back pinning him against a clay bank His parents are Mr and Mrs Council Bluffs peninsula on the Adri atic south of Split harl 1 iititcci was corrected Jugoslav Buy W or me peninsula the communquc j Stamps from your GlobeGazette I carrier boy IS STOLEV Des itloines cases oC liquor valued at approxi mately were stolen Tucsdav night from the state store at Akron the Iowa liquor commis sion reported Friday a ma xing Representative Kmitson ranking mi nority member of the wavs ami means committee snkl if would be interesting to know how much congress has overappropriated for the navy the maritime com mission and other spending agen The Snyder announcement CHARLES CITYAN PROMOTED Washington whose temporary promotion Jiom 2nd lo 1st lieutenant has been newly an nounced by the war department included Harold E Eastman CMP Charles City Your newspaper boy is not re quired o carry GlobeGazette to anyone who owes him more ban of sug coupled with a recent series ordnance plant shutdowns gcsted that even more extensive reductions in war production are in prospect It was Ihe first official indica tion thai overall productionfor war plans are beinjr sharply cur tailed Drastic shifts already have occurred but military officials have insisted that they reflected merely changing needs a shift of emphasis but not a reduction of that the army has found itself with an excess of phmt capacity in some categories notably small arms ammunition and shell loading and the armys explanation has been the unex pected efficiency of individual plants The war department savings to be turned back lo the treasury at the end of the current fiscal year were accounted for as follows Reduction of the projected size of the army from 8200000 to 00000 Sl046039000 reduced armament and equipment pro grams S32G6739000 plant fa cilities S780147000 modification and possible deferment of certain parts of the airplane miscellaneous pro jects 588205000 Snrder quoted Chief of Staff George C Marshall as saying We are reaching the end of the ex pansion already It has been pos sible to reduce many training in stallations to a purely mainten ance basis to furnish replacements present strength of the for the army in the last few days a number of ordnance plants in various Record Air Armada Sent Against Nazis LUDWJGSHAFEN ALSO RIPPED IN FIERCE ATTACK parts of he country principally small arms ammunition factories have been shut down or had their production sharply reduced In September Maj Gen Lucius D Clay disclosed that the tank program had been cut back about 40 per cent since the start of the year due principally to cancella lion of British and Russian orders The output of antiaircraft ar tillery has been reduced sharply chiefly because of the diminishing possibility of extensive enemy nil raids against continental United States The plant conversion talk was stimulated by the reported dec laration of Bernard M Baruch that unemployment could be held to a minimum if the ground is laid now for rapid orderly change overs Baruch is head of the war and postwar adjustment unit of the officeof war mobilization LASH MARSHALL GILBERT ISLES Yanks Attack 5 Days in a Row Without Losses Pearl Harbor T II 5 days in a row American airmen have raided Japanese bases in the Marshall and Gilbert islands perhaps as a softening for sea and land fighting Admiral Chester Nimitx says the United States now is ready to wage in the central Pacific Liberators from Maj Gen Wil lis H Males 7th air force began bombing tiicse outposts 1 day after the eommandcrinchief of the Pacific fleet in an Armistice dajaddress spoke of an early offensive and they have kept it up over since Tuesday they swooped on the airdromes of Jrluil hi the IMar slialls and Wednesday on Tarawa major Japanese base in the Gil berts both of have been raided twice since the new aerial assaults were started They have lost neither men nor planes on any of Ihe 5 davs of milling ynd the only aerial op position they have encountered came at Jnluit Tuesday where the Americans probably dcstroved an enemy seaplane in a forma tion feebly attempting intercep tion Large fires were left burn ing in the airdrome area Japanese planes have retaliated with attacks on Funafuti and Namimca American bases in the Etlice islands from where the American bombers may be com ing The enemys blows produced slight damage at both places Fierce Jungle Fights Blaze as Warships Planes Attack in Advance Toward Rabaul Southwest PacificAllied Ileadniiartcrs allied drive to ward Robaul has broken out in fierce jungle fighting on the Solo mon and New Guinea flanks with guns of American warships roar ing defiantly less than 200 from Japans pivotal and bombers dumping explosives all along the iOOmile battle arc Swinging from east to west across the wnr zone these were the developments reported Fri day On Bougainville In The North ern marines and soldiers at Empress Augusta Bay 260 miles southeast ofRa bjuit are bloodily pushing the Japanese deeper into the jungles and have killed more than 800 of ihc enemy against losses of slight ly more than 100 since the inva sion there on the westcentral coast opened Nov 1 bombers uml strafing fighters are roaming without air opposition along the cast and west coasts On bases of that is land on Bougainvilles north tip less than 200 miles across open sea from Rabauls naval bisc have been shelled for the nd time this month warships which mover more than 100 miles along the Bougainville coastline Wednesday driving off Japanese planes on the way This daring task force supplied a fiery retort to jubilant Tokyo radio claims all denied of terrific warship losses inflicted on the allies in the Bou Siinville area On New kept constantly on the defense by al lied planes Which have sunk IS warships more than a score of cargo ships and destroyed more than 200 planes here during the air power is based around Wcwnk the allied airforce is carrying the fight to the enemy although of ten greatly outnumbered in the sky battles Admiral Halseys headquarters said the warships sent against Buka were undamaged during the hours Japanese planes attacked them on the trip north shelled Biikas air bises for 45 minutes and returned trailed by flare dropping enemy aircraft unwilling to mix it The bombardment followed n flflton aerial poumlins of the same bases Air power struck dcvaslutingly in support of the ground forces in both junyle sectors The mi on Bougainville watched dive bombers and torpedo bomb ers acuratcly blow up enemy po sitions only 100 yards awav Tn the latest of the sky fights now constantly breaking out be tween Finschhafeu and Wcwnk 21 lightning fighters tangled 1st with 3D Jap fighters and later with between GO and 70 downing fi and losing 1 in Group Leaving for Armed Forces Clinton Howard Blount a crane operator fur the Clinton perioc covered by Gci Douglas WK MatArthurs November tommii ranging rmi 3 lr 13 years behind s which struck all barks vith oMllcciintun draftees for service in the armed forces FORECAST Mason City Fair and cooler Fri day temperature in Mason City 15 Saturday fair warmer Saturday night in creasing cloudiness continued mild Sunday Iowa Fair Friday night and Sat urday not much change in tem perature Friday night wanner Saturday increasing cloudiness Saturday and Sunday wanner Saturday night continued mild Sunday Minnesota r air south partly cloudy north portion Friday night and Saturday Colder northeast warmer extreme west Friday night Warmer Satur day IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday rg Minimum Thursday night At 8 a m Fridav YEAfi AGO 23 Maximum Minimum Precipitation Foggy fiO 02 tlin Lakunai airfield On New Guinea Australian troops who have won MneArthur an invasion springboard on the Huon peninsula only 70 miles from western New Britain arc lashing out at Japanese whose presence menaces extended control of the adjacent narrow waters from al liedheld Finschhafeu the tough ened Atissics since Wcdncsdav have been lunging northwestward Blimnl is etitcriiitf service will iiiKly with thefeeling that lie is doing his part for the war effort However he deferral to Mrs Blount when asked For a state ment on his departure saying my wife is the one who will keep our home going Wcnc all very proud of him Mrs Blounl declared He feels toward enemy forces entrenched that he has more to fight for than lo miles away in the inland jungle most of the men leaving tonight he wants lo fight for his own area of SaUclbcrg on to the north west where Japans New Guinea himself Big 3 Expected to Study Steps for Invading Bulgaria London observers said Friday hat President veil Prime Minister Churchill 1 Premier Stalin probably discuss an allied invasion of Bulgaria when they Wash dispatches to London papers indicated that will be soon The German Trnnsoccan agency said Bulgarian authorities had be gun to evacuate the capital Sofia as result of the American nilraid early this week while radio Lon don quoted a Turkish broadcast as saying that the Germans were in no position to defend Sofia Talk of a possible thrust into Bulgaria coincided with growing indications that the Balkans will prove the weak link in Adolf Hit European fortress and that Turkey was about to decide whether to throw in its lot with the allies The cli success of the red army i v c through the southern Ukraine toward Rumania has cre ated a violent state of jitters in Hitlers urincipal satellites and the belief was growing that the allies may decide to strike against the Balkans H long has been clear that Ger man armies everywhere would be crippled if the allies should cut Hitlers vital Danube river supply route and seize Rumanias oil fields Originally it vas hoped that the analoAmerican attack in Italy would be so successful that 700 and Perhaps 1000 Heavy Bombers Take Part in Twin Assault London greatest ar mada of HAF heavy bombers ever dispatched to Germany blasted Berlin and Ludwigshafen Thurs day night and Friday U S flying fortresses with fighter support at tacked western Germany The fortress targets were not specified in the 1st announce ment At least 700 heavy bombers ami uerharis n full thousand look part in the night HAF attacks Two and 4tou blockbusters were among the explosives hurled on Berlin and Ludwigshafen The air ministry said that more than 2ton blockbusters alone had been dumped upon the nazi capital The recordbreaking bomber force uas believed to have loosed in all a total of around 2500 long tons of bombs upon the 2 indus trial cities with the larger por tion earmarked tor Berlin Incendiary bombs and high ex plosives dumped on the German capital started large fires whose reflection lit up the skies al List Losses as Small Percentage of Force on Raid By RICHARD McMURRAY Associated Tress War Editor Berlin and Ludwigsliafcji irere charred and scared and blackened Thursday mshl by the largest bomber fleets ever sent against Germany The twin aerial smashes at Ber lin and the great Khineland chem ical center of LiulwiKshafeii cost the British 2 small percentage of the very ltrffe forces encased liirfie fires and explosions were observed in ludwiKsliafcii in a raid slightly less intense than the one of the German capital The Berlin results were shrouded in clouds but Stockholm reported fires set in Hie suburbs Iterlin ealtcd it a mass attack and ac knowledged ikuniiirc The homine homlicrs took an hour to cross the English coast though cloud formations pre vented immediate observation of the results of the 1st heavy raid there since Sept 3 The exact number of bombers participating in the tremendous dual blow was not made known but between 701 and 800 heavy bombers participated in some of the raids that leveled Hamburg ami the air ministry announce ment said Thursday nights total topped all previous assaults The announcement indicated thai the main strength of the night formations struck Berlin with a great weight of high explosives and incendiary bombs Clearer wuallicr prevailed over Iiiilwiishafcn ti o in p of tlir worlds largest chemical and Ihc 2nd straight nifrht assault nn that industrial city resulted in very larpo cxjilosiuns The twin mission cost the RAF 32 bomber The air ministry described the raid in these words Last night Berlin and Ltidwig shafcti were targets for 2 hcavv attacks made by the largest force of heavy bombers yet dispatched to Germany A great weight of high ex plosives ami incendiary bombs was dropped on Berlin Clouds prevented immediate observation of results but Ihc sky was lit by the reflection of large fires x x ftcpoits reinlung Stockholm siitl the Berlin attack hiid been di rected chiefly jigainst lie citys outskirts where Ihe hulk if the capitals great industries arc lo cated Since lie last raid on the iity thc HAFs rcronl bombing concen tration has been unncd from SO Ions Her minute to 74 greatly in creasing Ihc chance for an effec tive knockout campaign against Ihc capital slniiild flic allied cnm matid decide to erase that most important objective in Europe Thursday nights fi2ml blow nt Iudwisshafen which also pro duces Uboat parts tiinks and oth er war essentials almost certain rilla patriots in a thrust across the mountains to Budapest but these hopes have faded in recent weeks as the angloAmerican campaign bogged down in the mountains and mud If Turkey could be swung into line Bulgaria might offer a great er chance of quick success throw ins German Russia into n forces in southern panic and enabling red armies to deal a mortal blow on the allied list of targets to be eliminated Ludwigshatens twin manufac turing city f Mannheim which lies across the Khine was reported from Gcrniiiny this week to have been 80 pcicent knocked out The great K Farbcn chemi cal works stretches for 3 miles along the banks nf the Rhine and in addition lo turning out explo sives it is alto engaged in chemi cal research possibly in a study ;