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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 18, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME Of HISTORY AKO t VOL U Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AVL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY NOVEMBER lg 1944 POWERFUL RED PLANE FLEETS BLAST AT NAZIS Germans Claim Their CounterAttacks Closed Breaks in Defenses Moscow forma tions of Russian planes smashed Saturday at German and Hungar ian positions around Budapest softening them up for the final assault on the Hungarian capital A nazi broadcast said the de fensive front in Hungary was torn open by the Soviets at some points but was closed again by German and Hungarian counter attacks The nazi command threw aerial reinforcements into the defenses of the Hungarian front looping around Budapest and big air bat tles were fought as marshal Rod ion Y Malinovskys troops ham mered the outskirts of the city Soviet mobile units of tanks and artillery closely supported by planes sortied deep into the en emy positions wrecking rear communications and spreading disorder in the axis ranks In some sectors the Germans and Hungarians counterattacked vigorously but front dispatches said the aerial support gave red army tanks the edge in heavy ar mored battles Stormovik assault planes and machinegunning fighters w ere reported disrupting the move ments of enemy reinforcements behind the lines and silencing large numbers of gun batteries The air attacks were focused near the center of the 100mile front stretching northeast from Bupadest in support ot Marshal Bodion Jf Malinovskys drive to cut the rail and highway routes between the enemy forces in tne capital and northeastern Hungary Improvement in the weather which had turned Hungarys open plains into quagmires enabled the Soviets to large air forces into the offensive and a commun ique disclosed that Russian pilots shot down 36 German planes Fri day An Estanbul dispatch said re liable reports from Budapest dis cjosed that the Hungarian cabinet had decided to move the govern ment to Sbopron 112 miles west of Budapest and miles from the Austrian border Berlin reported that soviet forces besides increasing their of fensive east of Budapest also were attempting to drive westward from a bridgehead over the Dan ube river at Batina 107 miles south of the capital Under support of bombers and stormoviks troops from Malin ovskrs second Ukrainian arms moved within striking distance of the communication points of Hat van Gyongyos Kger and Miskolc on the rail and highway lines from Budapest to the northeast One segment of Malinovskys forces tightened an arc around the southern part of Hatvan 22 miles northeast of Budapest in captur ing Zsambok 8 miles southwest of the town Jasztenyszaru 6 miles south and Csany 6 miles east Gyongyos 36 miles northeast of Budapest was threatened by 2 armoured columns which occupied Gyongyoshlasz 2 miles to the south and Karacond 5 miles southeast Pershing County in Nevada Goes Over Top in Bond Drive Lovelock Xev fP Pershing county Nevada claiming to be ei ther the first or 2nd county in the nation to go over the top in each war bond drive apparently has done it again Chairman C H Jones of the Pershing county 6th war loan committee announced Friday night that the 5222000 quota was exceeded by in 15 minutes Peabody 87 Founder of Grotori School Dies Groton Mass UR The Rev Dr Endicott Peabody 87 founder and former headmaster of Groton school teacher of many famous figures died Friday of a heart at tack while sitting in his automo bile in front of the school Presi dent Roosevelt heads the list of notables who attended the school Pr Peabody started 56 years ago Minnesota Iowa Battle Staged in Hurtgen Area Is Grim By HENRY T GORRELL With American Infantry in Hurtgeu Forest Nov 17 De layed Germans sup ported by the greatest concentra tion of artillery and mortors en countered since DDay are using every trick in the military deck in defense of their homeland Their tactics have made the battle of Hurtgen Forest a toeto toe grimmest strug gle yet with no holds barred And it probably will be some days be fore the outcome is in sight Behind heavy fortifications in cluding accordionshaped loops of barbed wire the enemy is clev erly using his available artillery and mortars in the most vulner able spots These accordions have to be blown by hand Then when our infantry moves forward the Ger mans pour in gunfire from almost every tree All day longthis grim struggle goes on in the defense pine forests southeast of Stolberg The Ameri can gains can be measured in yards rather than miles and we are paying for every yard Time and again the doughboys have gained ground in the woods only to be pinned down by heavy enemy fire and then counterat tacked before they can consoli date The Germans are using suicide tactics in a desperate effort to halt the drive In one counterat tack alone all but 9 of the Ger man contingent were killed The rest were taken prisoner and con firmed that their orders had been to stand or die A gcod number of my old friends from this famous infantry outfit have been killed or wounded in the last hours One lieutenant colonel refused to leave his troops and had to be forcibly evacuated The weather has added to the American difficulties too This morning the ground was frozen and firm But by noon it had thawed and turned into thick yel low mud And then a cold driz zling rain set in Despite these handicaps how ever only a few minutes ago the Americans launched their Sth at tack since dawn in Hurt en For est And it is likely that same fu rious pace will continue the night Munster and Vienna Hit by Bombers London Heavy bombers and fighters Hying from bases in both England and Italy attacked enemy targets at Munster and the Vienna area Saturday and de stroyed at least 35 nazi planes Approximately 500 British heavy bombers escorted by more than 200 fighters attacked rail way yards at Munster while 400 Mustangs and Thunderbolts of the U S 8th air force on a long range strafing mission to Munich shot down at least 15 nazi planes and destroyed 20 on the ground Italjanbased American heavy bombers and fighters of the 15th air force attacked targets in the Vienna area through clouds Ball Must C Between Imperfect World Group or War Cincinnati Joseph II R Minn says America has to choose between an im perfect united nations organiza tion as outlined at Dumbartoi Oaks or almost certainly an other world war The republican senator who broke party lines back President Roosevelt for a iu term appeared Friday night be fore the Foreign Policy association held in conjunction with the Cin cmnati Enquirer and radio sta Australia Drought May Cut Food to England Sydney Australia Scully minister of commerce am agriculture said Saturday that current drought especially severe in New South Wales amounted to a national disaster which might cut Australian food exports Britain Shipmasters said scum patches were sighted hu dreds of miles at sea A dust bo was reported in the making as vio lent winds swept away thousands of acres of topsoil dust JAPS POSSIBLE MOVES IN CHINA ARE OUTLINED Wedemeyer Suggestions to Chiang Simple and I Hope Sound Chungking Gen Al bert C Wedemeyer commander ol U S forces in the China the ater said Saturday he had made recommendations to General issimo Chiang KaiShek for dis and I hope meet the enemys cap abilities in China He told a press conference pos sible enemy moves included a push from captured Liuchow in Kwangsi province southward for a link with Japanese forces in French IndoChina a strike west ward through the Lischow corri dor to Kweiyang capital of Kweichow province or the start of a drive on Chengtu which with Chinas wartime capital Chungking is in adjoining Szech wan General Wedemeyer described Gen Shunroku Hata commander of Japanese forces in China as a very able commander Ive been here over 2 weeks delving into various problems and I still have the feeling our problems are not insurmount able he said General Wedemeyer said that he had conferred several times with Chiang and was in close con tact with him He said he hoped the recent reference by Premier Stalin to Japan as an aggressive nation could be interpreted in a way favorable to our situation here Wedemeyer said the prospec tive opening of the Ledo road and the reopening of the Burma road would enable the Chinese to re ceive heavy guns and other could not be brought in by air The Japanese situation In northern Burma is deteriorating he said and when Bhamo falls it will be definitely precarious 1 am very optimistic about opera tions in Burma which will make a definite contribution to this theater and to the whole posi tion in the far east BATTLE SEEN OVER TRAINING Military Drill to Be Issue in New Congress Washin pro vided a preview of heavy battling over compulsory military training Saturday with Sen Gurney R Promising a whale of a fJght if they try to dilute it The real scrap wont come off until after the first of the year Then when the new congress meets legislative committees will tackle the issue of whether to order a years military training in peacetime for every physically lit American youth A new suggestion from Presi dent Roosevelt for compulsory government training touched ot pro and con purotechnics in advance Hes figuring on vocational training remarked Gurney au thor of a bill for a years com pulsory military service Im go ing to have a lot to sav on 1 subject Weve got to have i proper kind of training to ke the country strong Thats the purpose of my bill and the only thing that would justify passage of legislation of n that kind Therell be a whale of ia fight if they try to dilute it The chief executive indicated at a news conference Friday that he had in mind something broader ithan mere military instruction i that he might like to see it linked jwith physical and vocational edu ication In general he said young peo ple somewhere between the age of 18 and 23 should give a year service to the government the ep ages DNB Reports Nazis S Evacuated Tirana Capital of Albania Ixjndoii official Ger to man new agency DNB said Satur day night that the Germans had i evacuated Tirana the capital of l Albania Earlier the Free Yugo Slav radio had reported fierce fighting inside Tirana between patriots and Germans France f AfDVANCE THROUGH SNOWWith snow covering lnfantlTmen moves up to its position in the front line somewhere In Annihilation Imminent for Japs on Northwestern Leyte Saturday and complete an ruhilation of the trapped rem nants of a force once estimated at 3000 appeared imminent Encirclement of the enemy regi ment at the northern end of the Ormoc corridor was completed by the 24th division Thursday with the establishment of a strong road block across the OrmocLimon highway threequarters of a mile south of Limon Francis McCarthy XInited Press war correspondent wiih the 24th division reported the Japanese wade 3 separate attempts Thurs day to force the road block from the south and get through supplies to the beleaguered force but all emy trucks were captured t 300 Japanese were killed within the pocket as they thrashed about seeking means of escape The 32nd division composed of veterans of the Aitape and other Aew Guinea campaigns leap frogged over the 24th division to drive a deep wedge into the salient Its final liquidation ap peared only a matter of days at most Southeast of Limon other 4th division and 1st cavalry division troops mopped up isolated enemy pockets in the Mts MinoroBadian area Several Japanese parties at tempted suicide charges but were mowed down by American artil lery fire At the southern end of the front advance elements of the 7th divi sion easily repulsed a smallscale Japanese counterattack at Tab gas 11 miles beloiv Ormoc and maintained their pressure north ward Leytebased American fighters attacked enemy small craft on the west coast and bombed shore in stallations south of Ormoc Thirty Japanese bombers raided American positions at Dulag on the east coast but ran into a swarm of American fighters which shot down half of them without loss to themselves Antiaircraft fire accounted for 3 more Some little damage to American ground installations was reported how New Invasions by Americans Predicted By LEONARD MULLIMAX Associated Press War Editor Imminent new American inva sions in the Philippines or along island chains to the north were forecast Saturday The forecast of new amphibious assaults was predicted on a navy department recapitulation saying the 2nd sea battle of the Philip pines may turn out to be among the decisive battles of modern times insured continued rein forcements for Gen Douglas Mac Arthur but did not sever the en emys supply line to Leyte Washington predictions sug gested American seaborne forces might strike next at Luzon island on which Manila is situated to isolate Japanese conquests to the south or try to cut Nippons basic reinforcement and supply line to the Philippines MacArthur announced his forc es in the Mapia islands 150 miles north of New Guinea had mopped up Japanese on southern Bras island YANKS HUNT GERMAN SNIPERSAmericans advance toward a suspected sniper hideout in Schalfenberg Ger many They are members of a detail assigned to clearine the town of snipers who infiltrate the community durin hours of darkness MASON CITYAN IN HOT TOWN Many Shells Fall in Captured German Place With the U S Sth Army in iermanr Nov 17 Delayed IP After spending a noisy night in German coal mine while enemy shells plastered buildings on the ground above him Capt Richard Wood of South Minneapolis Minn climbed out Friday and was jokingly greeted by his com mander as the dirtiest officer in the battalion command post Well weve been having a hell o a time around here said Wood the battalion operations officer whose unshaven face was so sooty he could have passed for a coi miner We didnt have much time to keep clean Jerry shells plastering this place all night and 200 yards away they let loose with burp guns every time we made a move This damn hot declared Pvt Kenneth Allison of Mason City Iowa who with Technician Sth grade tevi Van derkolfc of Hudsonville Mich was laying telephone lines throughout the night in spile of the danger of being blown to pieces by shells or mines Underscoring his words a bunch of German mortar shells landed right outside at that moment damaging 3 jeeps An officer re ported later that 2 Yanks and a German civilian were killed by a shell burst in a street nearby Flying Bombs Cause Casualties in England London UR German flying bombs landed in southern England again Friday night it was an nounced Saturday causing dam age and casualties A number of the nazi Vweapons were de stroyed by ontiaircratt batteries along the British cast coast ACCEPTS INVITATION Moscow news agency Tass announced Saturday tha Gen Charles De Gaulle had ac cepted a soviet invitation to visit Moscow and establish personal contact with the Russian leaders He is expected shortly Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Satur day night OccDsional light rain starting Stindny Not much change in temperature All above freezing loiva Cloudy with light rain be ginning in southwest portioi Saturday night overspreadin entire state Sunday and Sunday night Slowly rising tempera tures followed by cooler Mon day Minnesota Considerable cloudi ness Saturday night and Sun day Cold Saturday night and slowly rising temperature Sun day IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 37 Minimum Friday night 35 At 8 a m Friday 35 Pain trace YEAH AGO Maximum 4fi Minimum British Strike Nazi Flank Above Aachen Yanks Inside Metz London 2nd army troops have struck the enemy tlank in Germany 13 miles above the American sector at Aachen a front dispatch disclosed Saturday night while to the south doughboys of the U S 3rd army fought house tohouse INSIDE formidable fortress Metz The British 2nd and the American 9th and 1st armies forming a solid assault arc hammered out slow gains Satur day against fanatical resistance on the broadening and lengthening Aachen sector Disclosure that troops under thb British command were fighting in Germany was only one highlight in a series of SENSATIONAL advances along a 400mile western front turned into flaming battle by Long Distance Phone Service in Ohio Is Imperilled by Strike Columbus O dis tance telephone service through out Ohio was imperilled Saturday as an allwoman strike of opera tors in 9 major cities threatened to spread momentarily to Cleveland and Akron The strike an outgrowth of in dignation on the part of Dayton members of the Ohio Federation pt Telephone Workers over the importation of out of town work ers at extra pay had little effect on local calls in Dayton Columbus and Toledo which have dial sys tems but all service was hard hit in smaller cities with manually operated switchboards as the strike spread to Findlay Tiffin Wells vine Sundusky Xenia and Urichs ville Clevelands 1900 operators called a mass meeting Saturday to decide whether they will join the estimated 1200 workers already on strike The 400 operators at Akron voted Friday night to fol low any action taken in Cleve land Godfrey Famed Yank Ace Held by Nazis London UR Capt John T Godfrey Woonsoocket R 1 high est scoring fighter pilot of the 8th air force is a prisoner of war in Germany the U S strategic air force announced Friday night Godfrey who shot down 18 Ger man planes and destroyed 18 on the ground was listed as missing several months ago 6 allied armies of 1250000 men Besides battling into never taken by frontal assault in modern 3rd army in vaded Germany at a NEW point near Luxembourg and openeda 15mile broad attack toward the reichs northern Saar The French at the lower end or the front punched to within sight of Belfort and the strategic gap to southwestern Germany North of the French sector the V S 7th army advanced from 2 to 3 milen toward Strasbourg along a 30 mile front British nd army troops in southeastern Holland scored 2 major crossings of the Zig canal LAST water barrier before the Maas Meuse river band and the Vcnlo gateway to Germany The British attack in Germany synchronized with the American offensive virtually isolated Geil enkirchen 13 miles north ot Aachen by advances past the town on both the north and south The British cut the road from Geilenkirchen to Heinsberg far ther north They also smashed forward nearly 2 miles in an ad vance south of the town toward Prummern 2 miles east of Geilen kirchen Three hundred prisoners were taken The II S Dth army meanwhile reported slow but steady gains Saturday in the are cast of Aach en and the first army also slugged forward against strongly entrenched Germans The Germans were throwing tanks and troops into attempts reckless of cost to stem the American advance fighting for every inch of ground The great est advance by the first army in 3 days of fighting has been only 4 kilometers a front dispatch said but there are indi ALLTLS GAIN A LI ALONG WESTERN rows locate advances by the G allied armies in action along the western front including the newly announced drive by tlie American 9th army which was meeting heavv re sistance in the Setterich area north of Aachon British 2nd army troops to the north captured Wcssem on the Jlaas river Shaded line is the approximate battle line T 2 3 4FINAL Notre Dame RL3 Northwestern ;